Stabilization in Spine Surgery

The Role of Posterior Fixation: Plates, Rods, and Screws

Peer Reviewed
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Percutaneous Pedicle Screws
Special screws—called pedicle screws—can be inserted percutaneously (which means through the skin) into the pedicle of your vertebra.

These screws actually look very similar to screws you can find in your hardware store, and they're very stable because they get threaded into your bone.

Pedicles are stem-like structures that form part of your spinal canal; you can think of them as the side walls of the canal.

Pedicle screws are placed through your pedicles and into the vertebral body. Once the screws are inserted, they're attached to metal rods that connect them and help keep your spine stable during the fusion process.

Your surgeon will use also bone graft to facilitate fusion.

Pedicle screws are generally used in your lumbar (low back) spine, but they can also be used in your thoracic (mid-back) and sacral vertebrae.

Procedures that use percutaneous pedicle screws:

Updated on: 03/22/16
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What Is Microdiscectomy?
Jason M. Highsmith, MD
This article was reviewed by Jason M. Highsmith, MD.
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What Is Microdiscectomy?

Microdiscectomy is one of the most common minimally invasive spine procedures. Also known as microdecompression, microdiscectomy is a type of decompression technique that takes pressure off your spinal cord or nerve roots to relieve your pain.
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