Spinal Research Archives for Professionals

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology - Midlumbar Spinal Canal through L4-L5

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology. View a closeup view of the midlumbar spinal canal in a severely degenerated and stenotic specimen.

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology - Degenerated L5 Disc

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology. View the sagittal closeup of the posterior half of a moderately degenerated L5-S1 disc at the lateral recess level.

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology - Root Canal

Thoracolumbar Spine Anatomy and Pathology. View the same specimen as in number 16 of the index,this section is through the L4-L5 neuroforamen.

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology - Severely Degenerated Lower Lumbar Spine

Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Anatomy and Pathology. View the severely degenerated lower lumbar spine.

Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF): Technical Feasibility and Initial Results

An abstract describing the use and results of minimally invasive TLIF techniques.

Psychological Factors that Influence Elective Surgical Outcome for Chronic Pain Patients

Pain relief is the primary reason why patients undergo elective surgery in the United States. There are a number of psychological factors that should be considered before elective surgery is considered with patients experiencing persistent or chronic pain.

Fusion Versus Disc Replacement for Discogenic Pain

The ultimate treatment for symptomatic disc degeneration should be disc arthroplasty instead of arthrodesis.

Cervical Spine Injuries, Fractures and Whiplash - Avulsions at C5

Cervical Spine Anatomy and Pathology. View the coronal section through a serverely degenerated lower cervical spine of a 70-year old female.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgical (OR) Setup and Equipment

View the set up of equipment in the operating room for an anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Discectomy

An excellent description of the exposure and discectomy performed as a part of the anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Pre-op Planning

In this multi-part article, the author discusses a surgical technique for anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgical Results

A review of the patients who underwent anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis, the complications and conclusions.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgical Compression and Closure

Compression and closure discussion and photos of an anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Rod Measurement and Placement

An excellent description of the exposure and discectomy performed as a part of the anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.
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