References: When, How, and Why to Use Epidural Corticosteroid Injections: An Overview


Reference materials1. Boden S, Davis DO, Dina TS. Abnormal Magnetic-Resonance Scans of the Spine. In Asymptomatic Patients. J Bone Joint Surg 1990;72A:403-8.

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5. Derby R, Bogduk N, Kine G. Precision Percutaneous Blocking Procedures For Localizing Spinal Pain. Part 2. The Lumbar Neuroaxial Compartment. Pain Digest 1993 3: 62-75.

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7. Dreyfuss F. Epidural Steroid Injections. A Procedure Ideally Performed Under Fluoroscopic Control and With Contrast Media. International Spinal Injection Society Newsletter 1993; 1(5).

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15. SaaI JS, Franson RC, Dobrow R, Saa1 JA, White AH, Goldthwaite N. High Levels of Inflammatory Phospholipase A2 Activity in Lumbar Disc Herniation. Spine 1990;l5:674-8.

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17. Skubic JW, Kostuik JP. Thoracic Pain Syndromes and Thoracic Disc Herniation. In, The Adult Spine: Principles and Practice. JW Fryrnoyer (ed). New York, Raven Press, 1991 p.1443-1461.

18. Weinstein SM, Herring SA, Derby R. Contemporary concepts in spine care. Epidural steroid injections. Spine (1995 Aug 15) 20(16):1842-6

19. Woodard JL, Weinstein SM. Epidural Injections for the Diagnosis and Management of Axial and Radicular Pain Syndromes. In, Injection Techniques: Principles and Practice. Stuart Weinstein, (Ed), Philadelphia, W.B.Saunders 6, 1995, 691-714.

20. Woodard J, Herring S, Windsor R, Dreyer S, Lester J, Lagattut F. Epidural Procedures in Spine Pain Management. In, Physiatric Procedures in Clinical Practice. Hanky and Belfus, Philadelphia, 1995. pp260-291.

Updated on: 01/28/16
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When, How, and Why to Use Epidural Corticosteroid Injections: An Overview

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