News and Research for Spine Professionals

Sex Life Question on Oswestry Disability Index is Accurately Answered by Most Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

Anecdotal evidence suggests that the sex life-related question of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI-8) may need to be altered because it is either inaccurately answered or limits patient participation in the survey.

Modic Changes Associated with Greater Risk of Poor Outcome in Lower Back Pain

Patients with lower back pain who show Type 1 Modic changes may be at increased risk of experiencing poor treatment outcomes. This finding comes from a prospective study of 141 patients with lower back pain that was conducted in Denmark.

Predictor of Return to Work after Lumbar Discectomy

The study focused on whether patients were working three months after surgery.

7 Year Outcome Comparing Cervical Disc Arthroplasty vs ACDF

This was a prospective study with 20 investigational sites comparing 265 historically-controlled ACDF patients in a prior cervical investigational device exemption study.

Declining Rates of High-Dose Steroid Use for Acute Spinal Cord Injury

“It is a distressing commentary on our medico-legal system that despite the majority of surgeons who prescribe steroids...

Major Cost Drivers for Spine Surgery Identified

Researchers have identified the most important cost drivers in spinal surgery as well as considerable variability in both the management and costs of spinal surgery.

Surgical Approach Is a Risk Factor for Infection in Spinal Surgery

From our study, we found that the minimally invasive surgery (MIS) approach was associated with a lower ...

Naloxegol Shows Promise in Relieving Opioid-Induced Constipation

“This trial was unique in that it also identified and enrolled patients who had tried and failed other laxatives for their opioid-induced constipation prior to enrollment”.

Decompression Surgery Indirectly Improves Glycemic Control in Patients with Diabetes and Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

This is the first study to show the effects of lumbar stenosis surgery on Diabetes Mellitus.

Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Pathophysiology and Biological Mechanisms

Information on the pathophysiology and biologic mechanisms of cervical spondylotic myelopathy—a common degenerative disease that results from spinal cord compression.

Current Updates in Spinal Surgical Site Infections

While research on diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of spinal surgical site infections (SSIs) is rapidly emerging, there is little evidence to guide surgeons in the management of this complication.

Epidural Steroid Injections May Delay Surgery, But Only Minimally

The review article evaluated the findings from 26 studies to determine whether epidural steroid injections have a surgery-sparing effect on patients with back pain.

Medicare Payments for Spine Surgery Vary Across the Nation

This study examined the variation in episode payments from Medicare for surgery for three conditions, spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and lumbar disc herniation.

Cervical Disc Replacement vs Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: Five-year Study Results Include Subsequent Spinal Surgeries

Patients with myelopathy or cervical radiculopathy may require surgical decompression that includes restoration of disc space and foraminal height.

Safety and Effectiveness of Two-level Total Disc Replacement (TDR) versus Two-level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF)

Although several TDR devices are on the market, few have been clinically evaluated for 2-level use.

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