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Central Canal and Foraminal Spinal Stenosis at L3-L4

Presented by: H. Bae MD
A 67-year-old retired male presents with back and bilateral buttock pain with bilateral posterior thigh pain. Back pain radiates into the back of both legs for about one-and-one-half years. Pain is significant while standing, and he experiences pain when walking.

Acute Onset of Back and Left Leg Pain

Presented by: J. Ammerman MD, J. Wind MD
The patient is a 52-year-old male with the acute onset of back and left anterior thigh pain for 2 weeks. Pain is unresponsive to oral steroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Acute Traumatic Central Cord Syndrome

Presented by: B. Ball MD, C. Christie MD, J. Chen MD, A. Khalil MD
A 73-year-old male who was in a motor vehicle accident presented with diffuse weakness and numbness in both arms and legs; symptoms were worse in his hands.

Ankylosing Spondylitis with Thoracic Fracture

Do You Fix Both the Fracture and the Deformity?
Presented by: D. Polly, Jr. MD
The patient is a 70-year-old male with chronic back pain and worsening trouble standing up. He has known long-standing ankylosing spondylitis, and he was referred to a spine surgeon after a non-union at a thoracic fracture site was seen. Do you fix the fracture alone, or fix the deformity, too?

31-year-old Man with Ankylosing Spondylitis

How to Treat?
Presented by: L. Lenke MD
The patient is a 31-year-old male with a long history of intractable lumbar back pain. He was diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis and has been unable to work for the last 10 years secondary to pain.

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis With Grade I Spondylolisthesis

Presented by: D. Tyndall MD, FAAOS
This 75-year-old male was initially seen three months ago. At that time, he presented with symptoms of lumbar spinal stenosis and neurogenic claudication due to a L4-L5 Grade I spondylolisthesis and stenosis (L2-L3).

Kyphosis Deformity Correction in Ankylosing Spondylitis

Presented by: J. Cuéllar MD, PhD, T. Lanman MD, FAANS, FACS
In this case of kyphosis deformity correction in ankylosing spondylitis with compression fractures, how much correction is optimal?

Double Major Curve in an Adolescent

Presented by: A. Baaj MD
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with double major curvature in a premenarchal female who presented with worsening spinal deformity. There was no family history of scoliosis.

Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy in an Amateur Golfer

Presented by: R. Knight MD, MHA
The patient is a 63-year-old male presenting with complaints of upper extremity paresthesia, loss of dexterity and irregular gait. He denies bowel or bladder irregularity.

Chronic Type II Odontoid Fracture With C1-C2 Instability and Severe Spinal Cord Compression

Presented by: A. Khalil MD
Case report of an adult female with history of an old type II odontoid fracture presented with severe mechanical neck pain, progressive upper and lower extremity symptoms, and gait difficulties.

Thoracic Exophytic Ependymoma With Severe Spinal Cord Compression

Presented by: A. Khalil MD
A 50-year-old female presented wheelchair bound with progressive lower extremity weakness and numbness. She has diffuse numbness in the lower abdomen and both legs, and bowel and bladder dysfunction.

Central Cord Syndrome With Type II Odontoid Fracture

Presented by: A. Khalil MD
Central cord syndrome, severe spinal canal stenosis and type II odontoid fracture in an older male adult is featured in this case report.

Cervical Deformity and Myelopathy in an Elderly Female

Presented by: J. Wind MD, J. Ammerman MD, M. Ammerman MD
The patient is a 76-year-old female with a history of progressive cervical pain with numbness, tingling and clumsiness of her upper extremities. She has no previous history of neck-related problems and is a nonsmoker.

Cervical Spine Multiple Myeloma With Kyphotic Deformity and Cervical Myelopathy

Presented by: A. Khalil MD
The patient is a 60-year-old female with a history of multiple myeloma and worsening mechanical neck pain. Associated symptoms include increased arm and leg weakness with numbness and gait difficulties.

Refractory Lumbar Back Pain in a 40-Year-Old Female

Presented by: J. Uribe MD, FAANS, C. Hartman MD, MBA, J. Godzik MD
The patient is a 40-year-old female with refractory back pain for 4 years. She has no relevant past medical history or history of trauma.
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