Exams and Tests

Discography (Discogram)

Provocative Discography is a form of discography that replicates the patient's 'discogenic' pain.

Diagnostic Tests: Bone Density, Nerve Function, Discography, Lab Tests

A bone scan, bone density scan, nerve function tests and basic lab work can help your doctor confirm the diagnosis.

Diagnostic Tests: X-Ray, CT Scan, MRI

X-ray, CT Scan and MRI are types of tests used to help diagnose certain spinal disorders. Learn about these and other diagnostic tests.

Myelography Animation

The doctor has ordered a myelogram to help diagnose your back pain: find out what that is in this detailed video animation from SpineUniverse.

X-Rays Animation

X-rays have been in use for over a hundred years. Do you know how they work? This video animation will help you understand one of the most basic tools of the spine specialist.

MRI Animation

A video animation that illustrates how MRIs work and why your surgeon may request this type of examination.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI, is a powerful diagnostic tool that produces highly detailed images of the spine and other parts of your body.

Patient Opinions About Electronic Health Records (EHRs)

Electronic Health Records (EHRs) help patients partner with their doctors. Read the results of a study that polled patients’ opinions about this resource.

Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbosacral Low Dose Intrathecal Contrast Enhanced CAT Scan

Similar to a myelogram, contrast dye is injected into the low back to enhance images of the spinal canal and nerve roots.

Blood Tests and Other Laboratory Tests

Laboratory tests often include blood work from which many aspects of the patient's physical health can be determined.

Implanting Expanding Cages to Reconstruct the Spine: Patient Cases

Two cases studies, complete with pre- and postoperative x-rays, demonstrate how expandable vertebral cages are used in spinal reconstruction.

Vertebral Body Reconstruction Using Expandable Cages

Vertebral body reconstruction following corpectomy or vertebrectomy present the surgeon with a technical challenge. Learn about expandable cages and how spine surgeons use these devices in spinal reconstruction.

EMG's and Nerve Conduction Tests

These tests can establish if a nerve is pinched, and give a numeric value to how severely it is pinched and often where it is pinched.

Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) Testing

NCV and EMG tests are performed to determine if symptoms (e.g. sciatica, weakness) are caused by a nerve or muscle disorder.

Electromyography (EMG) and Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV) Tests

Electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction velocity (NCV) tests may be an important part of a spine patient’s work-up by their doctor.