Spinal Fractures: References

References:

1. Fischgrund, J., & Herkowitz, H. (2000). Fractures and dislocations of the thoracolumbar junction. In Cotler, J., Simpson, J., An, H., & Silveri, C. (Eds.), Surgery of Spinal Trauma. (pp 269-293) Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
open book on a wood table2. Denis, F. (1983). Spinal instability as defined by the three-column spine concept in acute spinal trauma. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 189, 65-76.

3. Pineda, S., Bauerle, W., & McAfee, P. (2000). Thoracic spine fractures. In Cotler, J., Simpson, J., An, H., & Silveri, C. (Eds.), Surgery of Spinal Trauma. (pp 257-268) Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

4. Sklar, E., Ruiz, A., & Falcone, S. (2000). Radiographic evaluation of spinal injuries. In Cotler, Simpson, An, & Silveri (Eds.), Surgery of Spinal Trauma. (pp 127-155) Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

5. Hickey, J. (1997). The clinical practice of neurological and neurosurgical nursing. (4th Ed.) Philadelphia: Lippincott.

6. American Spinal Injury Association: International standards for neurological classification of SCI, revised, 2000. http://www.asia-spinalinjury.org

7. Barker, E. (2002). Neuroscience Nursing: A spectrum of care. (2nd Ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.

8. Lovasik, D. (1999). The older patient with a spinal cord injury. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 22(2), 20-30.

9. Hurlbert, J. (2000). Methylprednisolone for acute spinal cord injury: An inappropriate standard of care. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, 93, 1-7.

10. Bracken, M., Shepard, M., Holford, T., Leo-Summers, L., Aldrich, F., Fazl, M., Fehlings, M., Herr, D., Hitchon, P., Marshall, L., Nockels, R., Pascale, V., Perot, P., Piepmeier, J., Sonntag, V., Wagner, F., Wilberger, J., Winn, R., & Young, W. (1997). Administration of methylprednisolone for 24 or 48 hours or tirilazad mesylate for 48 hours in the treatment of acute spinal cord injury. JAMA, 277(20), 1597-1604.

11. Bracken, M., Shepard, M., Holford, T., Leo-Summers, L., Aldrich, F., Fazl, M., Fehlings, M., Herr, D., Hitchon, P., Marshall, L., Nockels, R., Pascale, V., Perot, P., Piepmeier, J., Sonntag, V., Wagner, F., Wilberger, J., Winn, R., & Young, W. (1998). Methylprednisolone or tirilazad mesylate administration after acute spinal cord injury: 1-year follow up: Results of the third National Acute Spinal Cord Injury randomized controlled trial. Journal of Neurosurgery, 89, 699-706.

12. Bernbeck, J. & Delamarter, R. (2000). Pathophysiology and initial treatment of acute spinal cord injuries. In Cotler, J., Simpson, J., An, H., & Silveri, C. ( Eds.), Surgery of spinal trauma. (pp 45-60) Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

13. O'Brien, M., Lenke, L. & Joyce, M. (1997). Acute spinal cord injury: Pathophysiology and pharmacologic treatments. In Bridwell, K. & DeWald, R. (Eds.), The textbook of spinal surgery. (2nd Ed.) (pp 2361-2378) Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven Publishers.

14. Segatore, M. & Way, C. (1997). Neuroprotection after spinal cord injury: State of the science. SCI Nursing, 14(1), 8-18.

Updated on: 05/03/17
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Spinal Fractures: The Three-Column Concept
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Spinal Fractures: The Three-Column Concept

Since the human spine is a complex structure, spine surgeons need to be very careful in diagnosing exactly where a fracture occurs.
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