Conditions

Discitis is a Spinal Disc Infection and Inflammation

Discitis is usually caused by an infection in the disc and/or disc space between two vertebral bodies, and affects the intervertebral disc.

Cervical Radiculopathy: Radiating Neck Pain

Cervical radiculopathy occurs when a pinched or compressed spinal nerve in the neck causes pain to radiate down to the shoulders, arms and fingers.

Types of Spinal Fractures

There are many ways to classify spinal fractures, and this article goes through the generally used classifications.

Cervical Radiculopathy: Treatment for Radiating Neck Pain

Cervical radiculopathy treatments include nonsurgical therapies such as anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy and epidural steroid injections. Spine surgery may be recommended if conservative treatments do not manage radiating neck pain symptoms.

Alternative Treatments for Herniated Disc

Alternative and complementary treatments such as acupuncture, acupressure, and massage may reduce pain associated with a herniated or bulging disc.

Physical Therapy for Spondylosis

A physical therapy program is individualized and may include active treatments, such as an exercise program.

Alternative Treatments for Upper Back Pain

Learn about acupuncture and massage and find out how they can help you deal with upper back pain.

Drugs, Medications, and Injections for Upper Back Pain

Drugs, medications, and injections work to control and relieve your upper back pain. Your doctor will help figure out which medication is right for you. Options include acetaminophen and muscle relaxants.

Whiplash Prevention

Before buying a new car, truck, or van, do your research to make sure that you're getting the best protection for your neck.

Video Series: Exercises for Whiplash

Three easy neck stretches and exercises to help ease neck pain and stiffness sometimes causes by a whiplash injury.

Drugs and Medications for Whiplash

Over-the-counter medications may help reduce your pain. However, if your pain continues, your doctor may prescribe stronger treatments.

Physical Therapy for Whiplash

In whiplash, the soft tissues in your neck are damaged. A physical therapist can work with you to restore proper function to those tissues.

Surgery for Whiplash

Very few patients with whiplash end up needing cervical spine surgery. If your doctor recommends it, though, there are several options.

Physical Therapy for Chronic Pain

Chronic pain comes in many forms, so effectively treating your pain requires a plan just for you. A physical therapist will develop a personalized treatment plan.

Surgery for Upper Back Pain

Surgery for upper back pain is a last resort treatment option. The exact procedure is determined by your diagnosis, but this article explains several common procedures for upper back pain, including decompression and fusion.

How to Prevent Upper Back Pain

Learn tips, including an exercise you can do every day, for upper back pain prevention.

Trigger Point Spinal Injections for Low Back Pain

If you have muscle-related lower back pain, your doctor may recommend a trigger point injection. How will it work? How many will you need? Find answers here.

Surgery for Spondylolisthesis

Most patients do not need spondylolisthesis surgery. A spine surgeon thoughtfully explains different grades of severity, why surgery may be necessary, and the surgical procedures.

Drugs and Medications for Spondylolisthesis

Learn about treatments for spondylolisthesis, including over-the-counter medications (such as Tylenol), prescription medications, and epidural steroid injections.

Isthmic Lumbar Sacral Spondylolisthesis in Adults

Isthmic spondylolisthesis involves the breakage of a bone in the low back that allows the vertebra to slip forward. Read this article to understand the causes of isthmic spondylolisthesis. Several illustrations show you how it develops.

Pediatric Spinal Cord Tumors

Spinal cord tumors in children are rare, but they do happen. In fact, tumors of the nervous system are the most common type of solid tumors (those not originating in the blood or bone marrow) found in children. Spinal cord tumors can be life threatening if left untreated.

Spinal Tumors: Descriptive Overview

Spinal tumors are rare. However, when they develop the foremost symptom usually is back pain.

Spinal Bracing: A Treatment Option for Spinal Fractures

After a spinal fracture, your doctor may recommend that you wear a brace. It will support your spine and muscles as the bone heals.

Drugs and Medications for Spinal Fractures

Spinal fractures may cause pain, so to help you deal with that pain, you may need to take medications. Your doctor will work with you to figure out the best medications and dosages for your pain.

Physical Therapy for Spinal Fractures

A physical therapist will develop an individualized plan that helps you return to normal and/or work around your limitations.

Osteoporosis and Compression Fractures

Sometimes the first symptom of osteoporosis is a painful spinal compression fracture caused by simple daily activities. Until then, you may not realize your bones are weakening and losing density. Treatments include pain medications and bed rest.

A Promising Future: Spinal Cord Injury Clinical Trials and Drug Therapy Update

Spinal cord injury clinical trials and information about innovations in medication therapies, cellular transplantation, spinal cord stimulation, and robotic devices.

Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury's Secondary Injury Cascade

Within a few hours after spinal cord injury, a series of changes called the secondary injury cascade begins and may continue months past the initial SCI.

Diagnosis of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury

Diagnosing traumatic spinal cord injury may begin at the scene by first responders and emergency medical technicians.

Spinal Cord Injury Classification and Syndromes

Spinal cord injury is classified by type and severity. The American Spinal Injury Association or ASIA impairment grading system is a diagnostic tool doctors utilize to classify SCI.

Complications After Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury

Common spinal cord injury-related complications include local and systemic types of disorders. While people with SCI are living longer, complications can hurt quality of life.

Spine Surgery After Spinal Cord Injury: Why Timing Matters

Decompression spine surgery soon after a spinal cord injury can be beneficial and improve long-term functional and sensory outcomes.

Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Prognosis: What You Need to Know

The first 48 hours following traumatic spinal cord injury are critical to a patient’s prognosis; their sensory and functional outcomes.

Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation: What to Expect

Rehab after a spinal cord injury can be challenging, but you are not alone as several specialists will help reduce your pain and improve your function.

Regaining Your Quality of Life After Spinal Cord Injury

How doctors measure quality of life after spinal cord injury, and factors that may improve or harm QOL.

AST-OPC1 Stem Cell Therapy May Offer New Hope for Spinal Cord Injury

An investigational treatment called AST-OPC1 (oligodendrocyte progenitor cells) may give new hope to people with a recent spinal cord injury.

I'm an Adult: Why Do I Have Scoliosis Now?

To help shed light on the distinctions between adult and childhood scoliosis, SpineUniverse spoke with Kevin R. O’Neill, MD, MS, a spine surgeon who specializes in both adult and pediatric scoliosis.

Causes of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis can have several causes, some of which are hereditary and some of which come from your lifestyle.

Video Series: Exercises for Sciatica (Caused by Spondylolisthesis)

3 low back pain and leg pain exercises to manage sciatica symptoms caused by spondylolisthesis.

Osteopenia and Osteoporosis: Is There a Difference?

While most people experience some loss of bone mass as they age, osteopenia and osteoporosis are not inevitable parts of the aging process.

Causes of Spinal Stenosis

There are several causes of spinal stenosis, including aging, osteoarthritis, and a herniated disc. Spine surgeon-reviewed article explaining in clear language what could be causing your back pain or neck pain.

Drugs and Medications for Spinal Tumors

In treating spinal tumors, your doctor may have you take various drugs and medications. These are not to treat the tumor; they treat the accompanying pain and/or the side effects of other treatments.

Anatomy of Spinal Stenosis

To get an idea of why spinal stenosis is causing you back pain or neck pain, it helps to understand spinal anatomy. Includes detailed drawings of the spine, vertebrae, and spinal nerves to help you understand how your spine is affected by spinal stenosis.

Surgery for Spinal Tumors

There are many factors a surgeon will take into consideration before doing surgery for a spinal tumor. Review a list of circumstances that may warrant surgery.

Common Spinal Tumor Questions

A spinal tumor diagnosis raises a lot of questions. We've put together answers to frequently asked questions, including questions about radiation.

Cervical Spinal Stenosis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Cervical spinal stenosis is a nerve compression problem in your neck. Compressed, pinched nerves cause inflammation, pain and neurological symptoms like numbness, tingling sensations and weakness.

Osteoporosis and Erectile Dysfunction in Men

The connection between osteoporosis and erectile dysfunction (ED) is confirmed by research. Men with osteoporosis should be evaluated for ED and men with erectile dysfunction should be screened for low bone mass density.

Surgery for Kyphosis

Surgery is rarely used in cases of kyphosis, but there are some instances where the doctor will recommend it. When? What are the risks and benefits? How long will it take to recover? Find answers here.

Types of Kyphosis

Kyphosis, an extreme outward curve in the spine, has several types. The doctor will need to determine what type you have because that influences treatment options.

Common Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Questions

Four common questions about Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis are answered here.
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