Conditions

Spinal Tumors: Benign and Malignant Types

There are several types of benign and malignant spinal tumors. These abnormal growths generally develop slowly and may worsen over time unless treated.

Synovial Cysts in the Spine

Synovial cysts in the spine are benign (not cancer), fluid-filled sacs that develop in the facet joints of the lumbar spine as a result of degeneration. A synovial cyst in the low back is pictured and a spine surgeon explains how a cyst is diagnosed and treated.

Decompressive Lumbar Laminectomy

Low back spinal stenosis may be surgical treated with decompressive lumbar laminectomy. Spine surgery may be recommended if non-surgical treatment is not effective, bowel and/or bladder problems occur, leg weakness worsens, or walking is difficult.

Osteoporosis: Glossary of Terms

This easy to use glossary includes common terms associated with osteoporosis, its diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Drugs and Medications for Osteoporosis

There are several osteoporosis treatment options, including drugs that slow down bone loss and one drug that speeds up bone formation.

Calcium and Vitamin D to Build Bone

If you have osteoporosis and are prone to fractures, it's important to get enough calcium. How much calcium you need depends on many factors.

Ankylosing Spondylitis and Spine Surgery

Surgical treatment of ankylosing spondylitis is recommended to treat unstable spinal fractures, progressive spinal deformity (kyphosis), and/or neurological problems, such as abnormal reflexes and extremity weakness.

Spondylolisthesis and Pars Fractures

A pars fracture occurs when the bony pars interarticularis breaks. This type of spinal fracture causes spondylolisthesis; a forward slip or slide of one vertebral body over the one beneath.

Some Medications May Harm Your Bones

Some drug types interfere with bone health. If you’re a long-term user of certain medications such as oral steroids, diabetes insulin drugs, or blood thinners, you may be putting yourself at risk for osteoporosis and spinal fracture.

Spinal Stenosis: Lumbar and Cervical

Spinal stenosis compresses the spine's nerves and/or spinal cord. Lumbar spinal stenosis affects the low back and cervical spinal stenosis causes symptoms in the neck. Back or neck pain is the foremost symptom.

Spondylosis

Spondylosis is spinal osteoarthritis, a degenerative disorder associated with aging and causes changes in the spine's facet joints altering function and causing neck or back inflammation and pain.

Whiplash: Neck Trauma and Treatment

Whiplash is a cervical spine injury known to cause severe neck pain that may radiate into the upper back and shoulders. The sudden whipping of the head and neck forward and backward injures the neck's soft tissues, such as the ligaments and muscles.

Non-Surgical Treatments for Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis seldom requires spine surgery. Many nonoperative treatments include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, aquatic therapy, stretching, exercise, and posture training.

Ankylosing Spondylitis: Description and Diagnosis

Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis condition that can affect the spine. Spine expert-written article on ankylosing spondylitis and how it's diagnosed.

Sprains - Strains - Soft Tissue Injuries

Back and neck sprains and strains are common soft tissue injuries that affect the spine's muscles (sprain) and ligaments (strain). These injuries can cause acute back pain, often limit movement and seldom require spine surgery.

Rest to Relieve Fibromyalgia Pain

Sleep can be elusive when you have fibromyalgia: get 7 tips on getting a better night's sleep with fibromyalgia.

Exams and Tests for Degenerative Disc Disease

The diagnosis of degenerative disc disease involves a thorough neurological and physical exam along with imaging tests to confirm the extent of the spinal problem, such as herniation or spinal stenosis.

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: A Type of Spinal Inflammatory Arthritis

The type of juvenile idiopathic arthritis that affects the spine is ankylosing spondylitis. JIA is uncommon and may affect children ages 16 years and younger.

Causes of Spondylolisthesis

There are different types of spondylolisthesis. What type you have all depends on the original cause.

Chiropractic Care for Spondylolisthesis

If you have spondylolisthesis, learn how the various chiropractic techniques can help relieve your back pain.

The Best Exercises for Low Back Pain

A spine expert discusses the types of exercises that can be beneficial and which ones to avoid.

Physical Therapy to Relieve Neck Pain

Learn about the various types of physical therapy that can help you get rid of neck pain. How will physical therapy help you find neck pain relief?

Video Series: Exercises for Spondylolisthesis

Video series to learn easy back stretches to help with spondylolisthesis (when one vertebra slips forward over another one). Three simple stretches and exercises that may help reduce spondylolisthesis related back and leg pain.

Video Series: Exercises for Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease

These 4 video low back exercises and stretches may help people with lumbar degenerative disc disease to reduce back pain and build core strength.

Video Series: Exercises for Cervical Spine Degenerative Disc Disease

These 3 neck stretches and exercises may help you relieve pain and stiffness related to cervical degenerative disc disease.

Chiropractic Treats Sacroiliac Joint Pain and Dysfunction

Dysfunction of the sacroiliac joint is a common cause of SI joint pain, which may involve sacroiliitis, inflammation of one or both joints.

Arthritis: Medications to Relieve Pain

Medications and prescription drugs may help relieve arthritis pain in your neck and/or back. Learn about options to treat painful osteoarthritis or spondylosis, other names for spinal arthritis.

Is Your Low Back Pain Mechanical?

The cause of low back pain can be categorized as being either organic or mechanical. What’s the difference and why is the answer noteworthy to someone with lumbar spine pain?

Back Pain Exercise Video: Pelvic Tilt

The pelvic tilt exercise is one of the most important exercises for your low back. Helps with degenerative disc disease, sciatica, and spinal stenosis. Learn how to do it well in this video.

Interventional Chronic Pain Management

Interventional pain management specialists offer an array of treatment options for chronic pain sufferers.

Is Back Pain Ruining Your Golf Game?

Some golfers find their lower back body-swing connection causes back pain. Here are common swing faults that may contribute to lower back pain.

Chronic Pain Research and Treatment Updates

Article includes links to current chronic pain research and treatment updates.

Is Acupuncture Effective in Treating Lower Back Pain?

A recent study set out to explore the effectiveness of acupuncture in treating low back pain. Read the latest findings on this topic here.

Benefits of the McKenzie Method

The McKenzie Method has one major benefit: patients can learn self-care techniques that can reverse their back pain and prevent further painful episodes. Learn the other benefits in this article by a McKenzie clinician.

The Importance of Performing Test Movements Repeatedly in the McKenzie Evaulation

In a McKenzie examination, you'll do multiple end-range movements: e.g., arching your back as far as you can. This is to try to find your directional preference-- the movement direction that relieves pain. It's the first step in the McKenzie Method.

The Origin of the McKenzie Method

The McKenzie Method was created by Robin McKenzie. Get the full story of how he developed this back pain treatment option, which he discovered by accident.

Rapidly Reversible Low Back Pain and the McKenzie Method

Dr. Donelson believes some forms of back pain are rapidly reversible-- you can relieve your pain with the McKenzie Method. He explains how and who benefits most from McKenzie.

Trusted Osteoporosis Resources on the Web

When first diagnosed with osteoporosis, many people turn to the Internet to find out more information. What websites do you trust? Who has the most thorough information? Recommendations for good osteoporosis resources.

Current Research on Ankylosing Spondylitis

Researchers are hard at work trying to better understand ankylosing spondylitis: what causes it? Is there a genetic connection? How does understanding the causes help us better treat the disease? Covers recent research developments.

Is It Back Pain or Hip Pain? Getting to the Root of the Problem

It’s easy to mistake back pain for hip pain and vice versa. How your doctor diagnoses the cause of lower back pain and if it originates in the back or hips.

Scoliosis in Children

Scoliosis is a medical term taken from a Greek word meaning curvature. This disease often develops during childhood, and it causes the spine to curve laterally (to the side) to the left or right.

Symptoms of Scoliosis

Scoliosis symptoms in children and adults are similar. Included is a list of potential signs that a scoliosis is developing.

Is Sciatica a Symptom or a Spinal Disorder?

Sciatica is a symptom of sciatic nerve compression often caused by a bulging or herniated disc in the low back. Leg pain is the hallmark of a sciatic nerve compression disorder.

FAQs about Flatback Syndrome

A loss of normal low back lordosis or actual kyphosis in the lumbar spine may produce a symptom called flatback syndrome.

How Disc Herniation Changed the History of the Apollo 11 Spaceflight

Astronaut Michael Collins was part of the Apollo 11 mission that landed the first man on the moon. Little known about this story is Mr. Collins’ disc herniation and cervical myelopathy; compression of the spinal cord in the neck causing pain, numbness, and weakness in the arms and legs.

Physical Therapy to Relieve Sciatica

Sciatica treatment may include passive and active physical therapies to reduce low back and leg pain. Ultrasound, moist heat and massage are types of passive physical therapy, while active physical therapy involves stretches and exercise.

Discitis is a Spinal Disc Infection and Inflammation

Discitis is usually caused by an infection in the disc and/or disc space between two vertebral bodies, and affects the intervertebral disc.

Cervical Radiculopathy: Radiating Neck Pain

Cervical radiculopathy occurs when a pinched or compressed spinal nerve in the neck causes pain to radiate down to the shoulders, arms and fingers.

Types of Spinal Fractures

There are many ways to classify spinal fractures, and this article goes through the generally used classifications.

Cervical Radiculopathy: Treatment for Radiating Neck Pain

Cervical radiculopathy treatments include nonsurgical therapies such as anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy and epidural steroid injections. Spine surgery may be recommended if conservative treatments do not manage radiating neck pain symptoms.
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