Exams and Tests to Diagnose Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

A doctor diagnoses juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) by carefully examining the patient and his or her medical history, along with the results of laboratory tests. This article explains the exams and tests that diagnose JIA.

Non-surgical Treatment for Degenerative Disc Disease

Dr. Richard Fessler reviews your non-surgical treatment options for degenerative disc disease in this short (but very informative) video. Listen to one of the top neurosurgeons explain what you can try before surgery.

Video: Exams and Tests for Degenerative Disc Disease

Watch this video to understand the tests your doctor will do (or has already done) as he or she diagnoses degenerative disc disease. Dr. Richard Fessler explains CT scans, MRIs, the physical exam, and more.

Video: Exams and Tests for Neck Pain

Watch this video to understand the tests your doctor will do as he or she diagnoses your neck pain cuase. Dr. Dan Riew explains CT scans, MRIs, the physical exam, and more.

Degenerative Disc Disease Overview

In this video, you’ll quickly get basic information about degenerative disc disease from Dr. Richard Fessler, a neurosurgeon.

Video: Symptoms of Degenerative Disc Disease

To understand the symptoms associated with degenerative disc disease, watch this video. Dr. Richard Fessler explains the pain and other symptoms in straightforward language

Video: Causes of Neck Pain

In this video, Dr. Dan Riew (a cervical spine surgeon) goes over what happens in your cervical spine to cause pain.

Neck Pain Overview

In this video, you’ll quickly get basic information about neck pain from Dr. Dan Riew, an orthopaedic surgeon specializing in cervical spine surgery.

Osteoporosis: Detection and Diagnosis

A Bone Mineral Density test is often used to help diagnose osteoporosis and determine the risk for future fracture.

Alternative Treatments for Back Pain

Back pain treatments may include acupuncture, herbal remedies, or massage as part of your alternative non-surgical therapy plan.

What Really Gets Rid of Back Pain?

"What really gets rid of back pain?" is a question SpineUniverse asked patients offering more than 10 treatments to choose from including spinal injections, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage and medications.

Surgery for Ankylosing Spondylitis

Seldom is surgery needed to treat ankylosing spondylitis, however, here are 4 indications your surgeon may consider before recommending spine surgery.

Nutritional Supplements to Build Bone and Help Prevent Osteoporosis

Not everyone will get osteoporosis. However, everyone can benefit from healthy bones.

Exercise Reduces Pain Perceptions in Fibromyalgia Patients

You may not want to exercise when you have fibromyalgia, but it may help reduce your pain. Review of a study on how exercise can relieve fibromyalgia pain.

Fibromyalgia Pain Relief: Is It All in Your Lungs?

A 2010 study found that breathing rate had an impact on pain and emotion for some patients with fibromyalgia. Will this help you?

Cannabis-based Drug Improves Sleep in Fibromyalgia Patients

Sleep disorders are common with fibromyalgia. Study finds that a cannabis-based drug helps achieve a better night's sleep than anti-depressants.

Spinal Inflammatory Arthritis: Early Diagnosis Important

Early detection of spinal inflammatory arthritis is important to the overall success of the patient's treatment plan.

Lumbar Radiculopathy: Proper Diagnosis Key to Effective Treatment of Back and Leg Pain

Leg and back pain, including sciatica, can be caused by a variety of reasons, not all of which originate from your spine.

Low Back Pain Diagnosis

5 steps to a lower back pain diagnosis: What will the doctor do to find out what's causing your pain? Article written and reviewed by spine surgeons.

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI): Aftermath and Diagnosis

The spinal cord does not have to be severed for function or sensation to be lost. Cord injuries usually fall into one of the following categories...

Isthmic Spondylolisthesis: Symptoms and Diagnosis

Serial x-rays (radiographs) of the lumbar spine may be helpful to establish a diagnosis of isthmic spondylolisthesis. These x-rays are taken over a period of several years.

Exams and Tests for Spinal Stenosis

Diagnosing spinal stenosis can be difficult because symptoms can mimic those of other conditions. Learn about the various exams and tests used to diagnose spinal stenosis.

Exams and Tests for Spinal Cord Injury

Sometimes the extent of a spinal cord injury is not obvious. That is why it is important to dial 911 first and keep the patient still to avoid further spine or spinal cord damage.

Exams and Tests for Spinal Fractures

If you've been in a car accident or injured your back some other way, you should make an appointment to see your doctor. Even if you don't have pain, you may still have a spinal fracture.

Exams and Tests for Whiplash

Even if you just have minor neck pain after an injury causing whiplash, you should see your doctor or a spine specialist.

Savella Gets Good Marks for Treating Fibromyalgia

Milnacipran (Savella) effectively reduces the pain of fibromyalgia, according to 2010 research. Article reviews its use in fibromyalgia treatment.

Alternative Treatments for Fibromyalgia

Thinking about trying alternative treatments for fibromyalgia relief? Learn which alternative treatments may work for you.

Common Spinal Stenosis Questions

Many people aged 50 and older suffer from spinal stenosis. Could you be at risk for developing spinal stenosis? Here, we present the top 5 questions most patients ask about spinal stenosis and the answers.

Higher Complication Rate for Older Spine Surgery Patients

Read this article to learn about a study that suggests older patients who have complex spinal fusions for lumbar spinal stenosis experience a higher risk of complications and have higher medical expenses than patients who have decompression surgery.

Back Pain and Stretching Exercises

For people with back pain, stretching exercises are especially important because they can help reduce back pain and may even help prevent future episodes of pain or injury.

Surgery for Spinal Stenosis: Video

Watch this video to learn about your surgical options to relieve pain caused by spinal stenosis. Dr. Jeffrey Wang, Chief of the UCLA Spine Service, discusses the various types of surgeries.

Surgery for Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis surgery is performed to relieve neck or low back pain by decompressing the nerves and/or spinal cord. Laminectomy, laminotomy, foraminotomy are 3 types of procedures that may include spinal fusion or stabilization.

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Treated Using Minimally Invasive Microsurgical Techniques

Read this article from spine surgeons on microendoscopic laminectomy, a minimally invasive spine surgery option for spinal stenosis. Should you have it, or open spine surgery?

Cervical Spinal Stenosis: Patient History and Case

Cervical spinal stenosis patient case details an older woman's symptoms, diagnosis and surgical treatment. Includes potential surgical risks, complications, and outcome.

Non-surgical Treatment for Spinal Stenosis

Dr. Jeffrey Wang reviews non-surgical treatment options for spinal stenosis pain and symptoms affecting the neck and back.

Spinal Stenosis Prevention

Preventing spinal stenosis includes regular exercise and proper body mechanics. You can't stop age-related risks, but being active may reduce the chance for neck or low back spinal stenosis symptoms to worsen.

McKenzie Method for Spinal Stenosis

Treatment of spinal stenosis may include the McKenzie Method. The practitioner teaches you how to walk in a slightly forward flexed position so low back pain doesn't prevent you from walking longer distances; a common problem with spinal stenosis.

Exams and Tests for Spinal Stenosis: Video

Learn how spinal stenosis is diagnosed. Doctor Jeffrey Wang, an orthopaedic spine surgeon, explains the examination and tests, such as x-rays needed to make an accurate diagnosis of the cause of cervical or lumbar spinal stenosis.

Video: Causes of Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is commonly caused by age-related degenerative changes in the spine, such as osteoarthritis. In this video, Dr. Jeffrey Wang illustrates and explains structural spinal changes and development of low back spinal stenosis.

Common Terms for Spinal Stenosis

Jeffrey Wang, MD, explains medical terms about spinal stenosis, a nerve compression disorder that causes back and neck pain. In this video, see anatomical spinal structures and how they relate to spinal stenosis.

Spinal Stenosis Overview

Spinal stenosis video hosted by orthopaedic spine surgeon, Jeffrey Wang, MD, who provides an overview of this disorder that can cause back and neck pain.

Exams and Tests for Back Pain

To diagnose the cause of your back pain, your doctor will need to do several tests.

Fashion and Back Pain

Your stilettos may look killer now, but the back pain that could follow may make you wish you kept the shoes in the box.

Facet Injections for Low Back Pain

Learn the goal of facet joint injections for low back pain. When should this be recommended? Pain specialist-written article.

New Surgical Treatments for Scoliosis: Vertebral Body Stapling and Wedge Osteotomies

Vertebral stapling avoids the need to fuse the spine to correct the curvature. Therefore, movement and flexibility can be maintained, allowing for preserved motion and less chance for back pain in adulthood.

Spinal Stenosis: Neck and Back Nerve Compression

Spinal stenosis usually affects the cervical (neck) or lumbar (low back) spine. Progressive degenerative changes in the spine can sometime cause this disorder to develop.

Non-surgical Treatments for Spondylolisthesis

Most patients with a spondylolisthesis will not need spine surgery to treat this low back problem. Information about 6 nonsurgical treatments is offered.


Spondylolisthesis is a disorder where one vertebra slips over the adjacent vertebra. This disorder primarily affects the elderly as a degenerative disease but can be congenital or discovered early in life.

Spondylolisthesis; Surgical Procedures, Preparation, and Postoperative Care

Be prepared for surgery with this article, which covers all aspects of before, during, and after your procedure. An excellent article for anyone who has questions about what happens once you get to the hospital.

Isthmic Spondylolisthesis: Adult Slip Progression

In the last decade, adult onset slip progression, spondylolisthesis, was recognized and described in the medical literature as a distinct clinical entity causing severe incapacitating back and leg pain.