Conditions

Back Pain: One in a Billion

If you have back pain, you’re not alone—far from it. A 2020 study suggests more than a billion people around the world have low back pain, neck pain, and other musculoskeletal disorders. Are you a member of this club?

Adjacent Segment Disease and Back Pain

Adjacent segment disease, a known complication of spinal fusion, can also be caused by degenerative changes in the back and neck.

JAK Inhibitors Offer New Hope for Treating Ankylosing Spondylitis

People with ankylosing spondylitis responded well to a treatment previously used for rheumatoid arthritis, according to a 2020 study. Will this drug, part of a class called JAK inhibitors, become the new norm?

Fibromyalgia Treatments

Learn more about fibromyalgia treatments that can ease your ache, clear your brain fog, and boost your energy.

Electrical Spinal Cord Stimulation: A New Frontier in Treating Spinal Cord Injuries?

A small trial from the University of Washington of noninvasive electrical stimulation showed lots of promise for people with spinal cord injuries. Some participants regained use of their hands.

Back Inflammation: What You Need to Know

Spine inflammation is more common than you think, and it can bring about a variety of painful back conditions

Sciatica: Treatment Options

Sciatica pain is often caused sciatic nerve compression created by a herniated disc or spinal stenosis in the low back. Non-surgical or surgical sciatica treatments are recommended based on the patient's diagnosis or cause of sciatica symptoms.

Treatment for Degenerative Disc Disease

In this discussion, we address degenerative disc disease in the lumbar (low back) spine.

How to Recognize Cauda Equina Syndrome

It’s nerve compression, but not just run-of-the-mill nerve compression. Cauda equina syndrome is an emergency that needs to be treated quickly.

Breasts and Your Back: Why Breast Size Can Affect Back Pain

Large breasts can cause chronic neck and back pain. Consider breast reduction for back pain relief if that’s what’s causing your pain.

Could COVID-19 Be Causing This Rare Spinal Cord Disorder?

Can COVID-19 cause a rare spinal condition called transverse myelitis? Learn what TM is and see the evidence connecting the two conditions.

What Hurts? 3 Types of Back Pain

Musculoskeletal pain—usually what you think of as back pain—comes in a couple of flavors, and knowing which is which will help you get the right treatment.

Back Pain or Kidney Pain? Find Out What Hurts

Kidney pain or back pain? Sometimes it can be tough to tell, but each will provide their own clues. Here’s what you need to know.

For Sciatica, Medication May Not Be the Answer

New guidelines from the UK discourage the use of medication for sciatica. What do North American spine specialists think? Find out here.

Who Treats Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia may be diagnosed and treated by your primary care doctor, rheumatologist, neurologist and/or a pain management specialist.

Coccydynia is Tailbone Pain

Coccydynia is the medical term for tailbone pain in your coccyx. Coccydynia symptoms can make sitting painful and uncomfortable.

Say What? Osteoid Osteoma of the Spine

Osteoid osteoma is a fancy term for small, benign, bonelike tumors that can grow on the spine (among other areas). Although they’re not cancerous, they can cause pain and abnormal spine curves. Here’s how to get rid of them.

Don’t Lose Muscle Mass When You Have Chronic Back Pain

Sarcopenia—losing muscle mass—and back pain tend to go hand-in-hand. Our expert has tips for keeping your body fit and your back healthy in your 20s, 30s, 40s, 50s and beyond.

Back Pain? Could Be Your Hips

A 2020 study suggests a total hip replacement solved accompanying back pain in more than four out of five cases. Find out more.

Back Pain in Children: How it Happens and How to Help

A 2020 study suggests a third of kids experience back pain. Here’s how it happens, and how parents can help prevent back pain in children.

The Best Exercises for Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis—weakening of bone—is hardly inevitably as you age. Here are the best exercises you can do to help prevent osteoporosis.

7 Lower Back Pain Causes That Affect Women

Lower back pain in females can stem from a woman’s reproductive anatomy or her spinal anatomy. Learn what can cause lower back pain in women that men may not have to worry as much—or at all—about.

Surviving a Broken Neck—and Thriving After Recovery

Not only can you survive a broken neck, but you can thrive with little ill effects—with the right treatment and recovery. Here’s how one man did it, and turned a disability into an asset.

How Do You Know When Back Pain Is Serious?

Back pain usually goes away on its own, but what if it doesn’t? How do you know if your back pain is serious? Look for these red flags.

Spine Injuries from an Accident: Get the Basics

Car accidents are a rising trend in spine injuries. Here’s what you need to know about accident-related injuries, treatment, recovery, legal issues and more.

Surgery for Sciatica

If you’ve tried every conservative sciatica treatment under the sun with no relief, it may be time to consider surgery. Here’s how to prepare and how to recover from sciatica surgery.

Spinal Meningitis: Your Questions, Answered

Meningitis: It’s not just for the brain. Spinal meningitis affects the protective lining of the spinal cord. Learn how to recognize it, and how it’s treated.

How to Tell if Your Sciatica is Actually Piriformis Syndrome

When Your Sciatica Just Won’t Quit You Might Have a Misdiagnosed Case of Piriformis Syndrome

Alternative Treatments for Spinal Stenosis

Symptoms of spinal stenosis may be treated using complementary, integrative and alternative therapies, such as acupuncture and massage.

The Ultimate Guide to Back Spasms

Ever had a charley horse? Fun, right? Now imagine it’s in your back. That’s a back spasm. Here’s why they happen and what you can do to get rid of it.

Battling Bertolotti Syndrome: What You Need to Know

Bertolotti syndrome might not be a usual suspect in lower back pain, but diagnostic detective work can uncover this common congenital condition.

Sciatica Self-care: 5 At-home Remedies for Low Back and Leg Pain

These 5 at-home sciatica therapies are good options for people who recently started experiencing sciatic nerve pain or whose low back and leg pain is not severe.

Can IBS Cause Back Pain?

Can IBS cause back pain? How are the two related? What are the treatments for IBS—and can those therapies help ease discomfort in your back? Find out here.

Treating Adult Onset Scoliosis Starts with Nonsurgical Approaches

Scoliosis doesn’t just affect kids. Scoliosis in adults is often due to degenerating discs in the spine. Nonsurgical treatment usually works well.

Sciatica Exercises: 4 Stretches for Sciatica Pain

These 4 sciatica exercises may help you reduce your sciatic nerve pain in your low back and leg. Each low-impact exercise is demonstrated in narrated videos and written instructions are provided to help you fine-tune your sciatica home exercise program.

Non-surgical Treatment of Spondylosis (Spinal Osteoarthritis)

Most people with spinal osteoarthritis do not need surgery. Many of the common nonoperative treatments are featured in this article.

Cervical Spondylosis: Patient History and Case

Cervical spondylosis is spinal osteoarthritis affecting the neck. This patient case reviews the evaluation and treatment of a woman who developed spondylosis as a result of a car accident.

Exams and Tests for Spondylosis

To make an accurate diagnosis of spondylosis, your doctor will do physical and neurological exams. You'll need to have x-rays, CT scans, or MRIs, too.

Causes of Spondylosis

Spondylosis is often a result of aging and is a type of arthritis called spinal osteoarthritis. Aging and wear and tear contributes to degenerative changes in the spine causing neck and back pain.

Spinal Arthritis: Symptoms

Spondylosis is arthritis of the spine or spinal osteoarthritis. Common spondylosis symptoms include pain and stiffness in the neck, mid back and low back (lumbar spondylosis).

Axial Spondyloarthritis Is Inflammatory Spinal Arthritis

Axial spondyloarthritis types, symptoms, how diagnosed and treated. AxSpA is spinal inflammatory arthritis; an underlying cause of back pain and neck pain.

Symptoms of Upper Back Pain

Common upper back pain symptoms include muscle stiffness, tightness, and tenderness. Upper back pain is often related to muscle or soft tissue problems. Learn more.

Upper Cervical Spine Disorders: Anatomy of the Head and Upper Neck

Head and upper neck disorders may be called craniovertebral or craniocervical junction abnormalities (CVJ). This information can help you understand key anatomical structures in the skull and spine.

Thyroid Disorders Can Raise Risk for Osteoporosis and Spinal Fracture

Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are thyroid disorders that increase risk for osteoporosis and painful spinal fracture, such as vertebral compression fractures.

Epidural Corticosteroid Injections and Low Back Pain

Epidural steroid injections may be part of a treatment program that includes an active exercise program and may assist in avoiding the need for surgical intervention.

TENS Reduced Fibromyalgia Pain and Fatigue in Women

TENS, transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation, reduced movement-related fibromyalgia pain and fatigue in women according to study findings.

Cervical Herniated Disc or Ruptured Disc

A cervical herniated disc is a common cause of neck pain that may radiate into the shoulders and arms often resulting from spinal nerve compression. Sensations of numbness and tingling are typical symptoms, and some patients experience muscle spasms. Movement can aggravate and intensify neck pain.

Anatomy of a Herniated Disc

Why do most herniated discs happen in the low back or lumbar spine? Learn about the anatomy of a herniated disc as well as why it can cause symptoms such as low back pain and leg pain.

Sciatica Cause Not Always Spine-Related

Sciatica nerve pain and related sciatic symptoms are not always caused by low back disorders in the lumbar spine.

Retrolisthesis Differs From Spondylolisthesis

Retrolisthesis happens when a vertebral body slips backwards; this uncommon spine condition is the opposite of spondylolisthesis.
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