Choll W. Kim, MD, PhD's portrait
Choll W. Kim, MD, PhD
Associate Clinical Professor
University of California San Diego
San Diego, CA
Dr. Kim is a member of the SpineUniverse Editorial Board.

About Choll W. Kim, MD, PhD

Dr. Choll Kim graduated cum laude from Harvard Medical School and completed his fellowship training in complex spine surgery at the Mayo Clinic. In addition, he is double-board certified by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery and the American Board of Spine Surgery.

He specializes in the field of computer-assisted minimally invasive spine surgery and endoscopic spine surgery. He has trained and continues to train specialists throughout the country on the safe and effective application of these technologies.

Dr. Kim is the founder and past-president of the Society for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (SMISS), the founder of Minimally Invasive Spine Centers of Excellence (MIS-COE), the chair of the MIS Committee for the International Society for the Advancement of Spine Surgery (ISASS), the director of the Advanced Spine & Joint Institute at Alvarado Hospital and an Associate Clinical Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of California, San Diego.

Publications

Publications

  1. Ward SR, Kim CW, Eng CM, Gottschalk LJ, Tomiya A, Garfin SR, Lieber RL. Architectural Analysis and Intraoperative Measurements Demonstrate the Unique Design of the Multifidus Muscle for Lumbar Spine Stability. J Bone Join Surg Am 2009, Jan 91(1), 176-85.
  2. Webb J, Gottschalk L, Lee YP, Garfin S, Kim CW. Surgeon Perceptions of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. SAS Journal 2008, Volume 2, Issue 2, 145-149, 2008.
  3. Choo AD, Regev G, Garfin SR, Kim CW. Surgeon's Perceptions of Spinal Navigation: Analysis of Key Factors Affecting the Lack of Adoptino of Spinal Navigation Technology. SAS Journal 2(4): 189-94, 2008.
  4. Kim CW, Talac R, Lu L, Moore MJ, Currier BL, Yaszemski MJ. Characterization of Porous Injectable Poly-(Propylene Fumarate)-Based Bone Graft Substitute. J Biomed Mater Res A Jun 15;85(4):1114-9, 2008.
  5. Wang ML, Massie J, Allen RT, Lee Y-P, Kim, CK. Altered Bioreactivity and Limited Osteoconductivity of Calcium Sulfate- Based Bone Cements in the Osteoporotic Rat Spine. The Spine Journal Mar-Apr;8(2):340-50, 2008.
  6. Kim CK, Mahar A, Perry A, Massie J, Lu L, Currier B, Yaszemski MJ. Biomechanical Evaluation of an Injectable Radiopaque Polypropylene Fumarate Cement for Kyphoplasty in a Cadaveric Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fracture Model. J Spinal Disord Tech 20(8):604-9, 2007.
  7. Vecchio KS, Zhang X, Massie JB, Wang M, Kim CK. Conversion of Sea Urchin Spine to Mg-substituted Tricalcium Phosphate for Bone Implants. Acta Biomaterialia 3(5):785-793, Sept 2007.
  8. Vecchio KS, Zhang X, Massie JB, Wang M, Kim CK. Conversion of Bulk Seashells to Biocompatible Hydroxyapatite for Bone Implants. Acta Biomaterialia 3:910-918, 2007.
  9. Wang ML, Massie J, Perry A, Garfin S, Kim CK. A Rat Osteoporotic Spine Model for the Evaluation of Bioresorbable Bone Cements. The Spine Journal 7(4), 466-474, July 2007.
  10. Mahar A, Kim CK, Wedemeyer M, Mitsunaga L, Odell T, Johnson B, Garfin S. Short-Segment Fixation of Lumbar Burst Fractures Using Pedicle Fixation at the Level of the Fracture. Spine 32(14), 1503-1507, June 2007.
  11. Schmizzi AL, Massie JB, Murphy M, Perry A, Kim CK, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. High-Molecular-Weight Hyaluronan Inhibits Macrophage Proliferation and Cytokine Release in the Early Wound of a Preclinical Postlaminectomy Rat Model. The Spine Journal 6(5):550-6, Sep-Oct 2006. Epub July 24, 2006.
  12. Kempen DH, Lu L, Kim C, Zhu X, Dhert WJ, Currier BL, Yaszemski MJ. Controlled Drug Release from a Novel Injectable Biodegradable Microsphere/Scaffold Composite Based on Ply (Propylene Fumarate). J Biomed Mater Res A. 77(1):103-11, Apr 2006.
  13. Mahar A, Kim C, Oka R, Odell T, Perry A, Mirkovic S, Garfin S: Biomechanical Comparison of a Novel Percutaneous Transfacet Device and a Traditional Posterior System for Single Level Fusion. Spinal Disord Tech 19(8):591-4, Dec 2006.
  14. Kim CK, Perry A, Currier B, Yaszemski M, Garfin SR: Fungal Infections of the Spine. Clin Orthop Rel Res 444: 92-99, Mar 2006.
  15. Massie JB, Schimizzi AL, Huang B, Kim CK, Garfin SR, Akeson WH: Topical High Molecular Weight Hyaluronan Reduces Radicular Pain Post Laminectomy in a Rat Model. The Spine Journal 5(5): 494-502, Sept, 2005.
  16. Perry A, Mahar A, Massie J, Arrieta N, Garfin SR, Kim CK. Biomechanical Evaluation of Kyphoplasty with Calcium Sulfate Cement in a Cadaveric Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fracture Model. The Spine Journal 5(5):489-493, Sept, 2005.
  17. Kim CK, Perry A, Mahar A, Lu L, Yaszemski MJ, Massie J, Garfin S. Biomechanical Evaluation of an Injectable Radiopaque Polypropylene Fumarate Cement for Kyphoplasty. The Spine Journal 5(4):S113, July 2005.
  18. Bae H, Maurer P, Peppelman W, Beutler W, Linovitz R, Westerlund E, Peppers T, Lieberman I, Kim C, Girardi F. CharacteristiCK and Clinical Experience Using a Novel Bioceramic for Treating Vertebral Compression Fractures in Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty: Report on the First 40 Patients. The Spine Journal 5(4):S18, July 2005.
  19. Kim CK, Minocha J, Wahl CE, Garfin SR. Response of Fractured Osteoporotic Bone to Polymethylmethacrylate After Vertebroplasty. The Spine Journal 4(6): 709-12, Nov 2004.
  20. Kempen DHR, Kim CK, Lu L, Dhert WJA, Currier BL, Yaszemski MJ. Development of Biodegradable Poly(Propylene Fumarate)/Poly(Lactic-co-Glycolic Acid) Blend Microspheres I. Preparation and Characterization. J Biomater Res 70(2): 283-292, Aug 1, 2004.
  21. Kempen DHR, Kim CK, Lu L, Dhert WJA, Currier BL, Yaszemski MJ. Development of Biodegradable Poly(Propylene Fumarate)/Poly(Lactic-co-Glycolic Acid) Blend Microspheres II. Controlled Drug Release and Microsphere Degradation. J Biomater Res 70(2): 293-302, Aug 1, 2004.
  22. Massie JB, Huang B, Malkmus S, Yaksh TL, Kim CK, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. A Preclinical Post Laminectomy Rat Model MimiCK the Human Post Laminectomy Syndrome. J Neuroscience Methods 137(2): 283-289, Aug 2004.
  23. Akeson WH, Massie JB, Huang B, Giurea A, Sah R, Garfin SR, Kim CK. Topical High- Molecular-Weight Hyaluronan or a Roofing Barrier Sheet Equally Inhibit Postlaminectomy Fibrosis. The Spine Journal 5(2):180-190, Mar, 2005.
  24. Dorschner RB, Lopez-Garcia B, Massie J, Kim CK, Gallo RL. Innate immune defense of the nail unit by antimicrobial peptides. J Amer Acad of Dermatology 50(3):343-348, Mar 2004.
  25. Walker MP, Yaszemski MJ, Kim CK, Talac R, Currier BL. Axial Metastatic Bone Disease. Metastatic Disease of the Spine: Evaluation and Treatment. Clinical OrthopaediCK and Related Research 415: S165-S175, 2003.
  26. Kim CK, Lee A, Hoyt D, Kennedy F, Newton PO, Smith J, and Meyer RS. Personal Watercraft Injuries in San Diego County. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma 17: 571-573, 2003.
  27. Kim CK, Jamali A, Brage M, Convery FR, and Bugbee W. Treatment of Post-traumatic Ankle Arthritis using Bipolar Tibiotalar Osteochondral Allografts. Foot and Ankle International 23: 1091-1102, 2002.
  28. Gerling M, Pfirrmann C, Farooki S, Kim CK, Boyd GJ, Aronoff MD, Feng S, Jacobson JA, Resnick D, Brage ME. Posterior Tibialis Tendon Tears: Comparison of the Diagnostic Efficacy of MR Imaging and Ultrasonography for the Detection of Surgically-Created Longitudinal Tears. A Prospective Blinded Study of 64 Lesions in Cadavers. Investigative Radiol 38: 51-6, 2003.
  29. Cohen-Gadol AA, Dekutoski MB, Kim CK, Quast LM, Krauss WE. Safety of Supplemental Endplate Screw Placement in Thoracic Pedicle Hook Fixation. J Neurosurgery 98: 31-5, 2003.
  30. Talac R, Yaszemski MJ, Currier BL, Fuchs B, Dekutoski MB, Kim CK, Sim FH. Relationship Between Surgical Margins and Local Recurrence in Sarcomas of the Spine. Clin Orthop Rel Res 397:127-32, 2002.
  31. Todd L, Yaszemski MJ, Currier BL, Fuchs B, Kim CK, Sim FH. Bowel and Bladder Function after Major Sacral Resection. Clin Orthop Rel Res 397: 36-9, 2002.
  32. Kim CK, Lee G, Abrams R, Hoyt D, and Garfin SR. Use of Vascularized Fibular Grafts as a Salvage Procedure for Previously Failed Spinal Arthrodesis. Spine 26(19): 2171-75, 2001.
  33. Fricka KB, Kim CK, Newton PO. Spinal Lordosis With Marked Opisthotonus Secondary to Dystonia Musculorum Deformans. Spine 26: 2283-2288, 2001.
  34. Kim CK, Haghighi P, Botte MJ, Meyer RS. Large Medial Knee Mass in a 61 Year-Old Man. Clin Orthop Rel Res 362:251-263, 1999.
  35. Kim CK, Shea K, and Chambers HG. Heel Pain in Children: Diagnosis and Treatment. J Am Pod Assoc 89: 67-74, 1999.
  36. Kim CK, Jaramillo D, and Hresko MT. MRI Demonstration of Occult Purely Chondral Fractures of the Tibia: A Potential Mimic of Meniscal Tears. Pediatr Radiol 27: 765-766, 1997.
  37. Gallo RL, Kim CK, Adzick NS, Bernfield M. Syndecans-1 and -4 are Induced During Wound Repair of Neonatal But Not Fetal Skin. J Invest Dermatol 107: 676-683, 1996.
  38. Kim CK, Goldberger O, Gallo RL, Bernfield M. Members of the Syndecan Family of Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans are Expressed in Distinct Cell-, Tissue-, and Development-Specific Patterns. Mol Biol Cell 5: 797-805, 1994.
  39. Gallo RL, Siebert I, Kim CK, Bernfield M. The Syndecans, Co-Receptors for Matrix and Growth Factors are Selectively Expressed in a Developmental and Tissue-Specific Pattern. J Invest Dermatol 102(4): 622, 1994.
  40. Gallo RL, Kim, CK, Ono M, Klagsburn M, Page C, Eriksson E, Bernfield M. Regulation of the Syndecan Family of Matrix and Growth Factor Co-Receptors: Detection of an Inductive Activity Released During Wound Repair. J Inves Dermatol 101(3): 412, 1993.
  41. Kim CK, Markiewicz P, Lee JJ, Schierle CF, Miller JH. Studies of the Hyperthermophile Thermatoga Maritima by Random Sequencing of cDNA and Genomic Libraries: Cloning and Sequencing of the trpE and trpG(D) Genes. J Mol Biol 231: 960-981, 1993.
  42. Kim CK, Michaels ML, Miller JH. Amino Acid Substitution Analysis of Thymidylate Synthase: The Study of a Highly Conserved Region at the N-terminus. Proteins 13: 352-363, 1992.
  43. Michaels ML, Kim CK, Matthews DA, and Miller JH. E. coli Thymidylate Synthase: Amino Acid Substitutions by Suppression of Amber Nonsense Mutations. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 87: 3957-3961, 1990.
  44. Kim CK, Michaels ML, Markiewicz PG, Miller JH. The Use of E. coli Nonsense Suppressors to Rapidly Introduce Amino Acid Substitutions in Thymidylate Synthase. J Cell Biochem 17A: 72, 1989.

Book Chapters / Review Articles

  1. Lee Y-P, Kim CK, Garfin SR. Book: Cervical Spine Trauma. Principles of Non-Operative Treatment. Eds Vacarro AR, Anderson PA. 2007.
  2. Kim CK, Perry A, Garfin SR. Section 5, Chapter 104: Fusion Surgery. Interventional Spine: An algorithmic approach. Slipman Et al., Elsevier Ltd. (in press).
  3. Kim CK, Perry A, Taylor W, Garfin SR. Complications of Motion-sparing Technology. Spinal Arthroplasty. The Preservation of Motion. Vaccaro, Papadopoulos, Traynelis, Haid, Sasso Eds. Saunders. Pg 359-376, Philadelphia. 2007.
  4. Kim CK, Perry A, Garfin SR. Spinal Instability: The Orthopedic Approach. Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology 9(1):77-87, Mar 2005.
  5. Kim CK, Garfin SR. The Management of Cervical and Thoracic Epidural Abscess in the Neurologically Asymptomatic Patient. Seminars in Spine Surgery 16: 188-94, 2004.
  6. Walker MP, Yaszemski MJ, Kim CK, Talac, RM, Currier BL. Metastatic Tumors of the Spine. Essentials in Orthopaedic Surgery. C. Bono and S. Garfin, eds. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Pubs. Pg 97-105, 2004.
  7. Kim CK, Yaszemski MJ, Currier BL. Malignant Tumors of the Spine. Essentials in Orthopaedic Surgery. C. Bono and S. Garfin, eds. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Pubs. Pg 92-6, 2004.
  8. Currier BL, Kim CK, Eismont FJ. Infections of the Spine in Rothman-Simeone, The Spine. 5th Edition. Elsevier. Philadelphia PA. 2006.
  9. Kim CK, Garfin S. Minimally Invasive Treatments for Spinal Metastases: Vertebroplasty, Kyphoplasty, and Radiofrequency Ablation. Peer Viewpoint. J Supportive Oncol 2: 252-253, 2004.
  10. Kim CK, Tontz W, Pedowitz RA. Meniscal Cysts. Op Techniques in Orthop 10: 227-233, 2000.
  11. Currier BL, Kim CK, Heller JG, Eismont FJ. Cervical Spinal Infections, Chapter 62, Section VI: Tumors and Spinal Infection in The Cervical Spine. Eds. Clark CR, Benzel EC, Curier BL, Dormans JP, Dvorak J, Eismont F, Garfin SR, Herkowitz HN, Ullrich CG, Vaccaro AR. Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins. 4th Edition. Philadelphia. Pg 858-90, 2005.
  12. Kim CK. Complications in Spine Surgery. Essentials in Orthopaedic Surgery. C. Bono and S. Garfin, eds. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Pubs. Pg 265-71, 2004.
  13. Yuan P, Kim CK, Yaszemski MJ, Currier BL. Benign Tumors of the Spine. Essentials in Orthopaedic Surgery. C. Bono and S. Garfin, eds. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Pubs. Pg 86-91, 2004.
  14. Kim CK and Pedowitz R. Principles of Surgery: Graft Choices and the Biology of Graft Healing in Knee Ligaments: Structure, Function, Injury, and Repair. Akeson, O'Connor, Pedowitz, Eds. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. Pages 435-55, 2003.
  15. Jacofsky DJ, Kim CK, Currier BL, Yaszemski MJ. Complications in the Treatment of Spinal Trauma in Skeletal Trauma 3rd edition. Eds. Browner, Jupiter, Levine, Trafton. Saunders pubs. Pages 1012-1028, 2003.
  16. Currier BL, Kim CK. Anterior Cervical Decompression in Atlas of Cervical Spine Surgery. Cervical Spine Research Society. Herkowitz H, eds. Lippincott Williams, 2002.
  17. Kim CK, Klein, J, Garfin SR. Chapter 24: Joints Systems-Cervical Spine in Disability Evaluation. Eds. Demter SL, Andersson G, Smith GM. Mosby. St Louis. American Medical Association.
  18. Chang DG, Kim CK, Pathria MN, Garfin SR. Chapter 4: The Spine in Sports in Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Orthopedic Sports Medicine. Pedowitz R, Resnick D, Chugn CB, eds. New York. Springer; In press, 2006.
  19. Lee, Y, Kim CK, Garfin SR. Cervical Lateral Mass Screw Placement (C3-C7). Chapter 11: Spine Surgery: Tricks of the Trade, 2nd Edition, Alexander R. Vaccaro and Todd J. Albert.
  20. Kim CK, Garfin SR. Percutaneous Cement Augmentation Techniques (Vertebroplasty, Kyphoplasty). Chapter 66: Spine Surgery: Tricks of the Trade, 2nd Edition, Alexander R. Vaccaro and Todd J. Albert.
  21. Kim, CK. Chapter 6: Navigation-Assisted Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Lewandrowski, Yeung, Spoonamore, McLain, eds. Publisher: Summit Communications LLC, Armonk, NY. Publication: Oct 1, 2007.
  22. Johnson BA, Kim CK. Fracture-Dislocations of the Thoracic Spine in Spine Trauma: Adult & Pediatric. Kim DH, Ludwig SC, Vacarro AR, eds. Publisher: Elsevier, Philadelphia, 8.07.
  23. Linn MS, Kim CK. Chapter 30: Compression Fractures of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Spine Trauma, 8.07.
  24. Mitsunaga LK, Kim CK. Chapter 10: Thoracoscopic Corpectomy in Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Eds: Vacarro AR, Bono CM; Egerton Techset for Informa Healthcare, 8.07.
  25. Eastlack RK, Currier BL, Kim CK, Yaszemski MJ. Complications in the Treatment of Spinal Trauma in the 4th Edition of Skeletal Trauma, Elsevier Publishing, 5.05.
  26. Kim CK. Chapter, Fracture-Dislocations of the Thoracic Spine for Spine Trauma: Adult & Pediatric. Eds: Kim DH, Ludwig SC, Vaccaro A. Pub: Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
  27. Chang MA, Yeung C, Yeung AT, Kim CK. Chapter: Percutaneous Lumbar Posterolateral Endoscopic Diskectomy. Book: Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Eds: Ozgur B, Fessler R. Pub: Springer-Verlag, New York, Inc. Revision submitted 8.24.07.

Abstracts, Posters and Presentations

  1. Kim C, Gottschalk L, Eng C, Ward S, Lieber R. The Multifidus Muscle is the Strongest Stabilizer of the Lumbar Spine. The Spine Journal 7(5):76S, Sept 2007.
  2. Kim, CK. MIS Lumbar Posterior Surgery. Oral Podium Presentation. The Spine Technoogy Education Group presents 5th Annual Innovative Techniques in Spine Surgery,. Los Cabos, Mexico, June 21, 2008.
  3. Kim, CK. The Spine Technoogy Education Group presents 5th Annual Innovative Techniques in Spine Surgery BMP2. Los Cabos, Mexico, June 19, 2008.
  4. Lieber, R, Kim, CW, et al. ISEK 2008: Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology. Abstract: Architectural Analysis and Intraoperative Measurements Demonstrate the Multifidus' Unique Design for Lumbar Spine Stability. Reference #0013, Ontario, Canada, June 18-21, 2008.
  5. Kim, C. The 1st Triennial World Congress of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery & Techniques: WCMISST. Minimally Invasive Instrumentation Using Navigation, Honolulu, HI; June 5, 2008.
  6. Kim, C. The 1st Triennial World Congress of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery & Techniques: WCMISST. Minimizing the MIS Learning Curve: Analysis of a 1-day Training Program Comprised of a Standardized Technique Protocol, Synthetic Models, and a Low Trainee to Cadaver Ratio. Honolulu, HI; June 5, 2008.
  7. Kim, C. The 1st Triennial World Congress of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery & Techniques: WCMISST. Architectural Studies of the Lumbar Paraspinal Muscles: Insights into Muscle Design and Function. Honolulu, HI; June 5, 2008.
  8. Kim C. The 1st Triennial World Congress of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery & Techniques: WCMISST. Navigation-Assisted Fluoroscopy in Minimally Invasive Direct Lateral Interbody Fusion: A Cadaveric Study. Honolulu, HI; June 6, 2008.
  9. Kim C. The 1st Triennial World Congress of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery & Techniques: WCMISST. Efficiency of Provocative Discography: Panel Member. Honolulu, HI; June 6, 2008.
  10. Kim C. The 1st Triennial World Congress of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery & Techniques: WCMISST. Surgeon Perceptions of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Honolulu, HI; June 7, 2008.
  11. Kim C. The 1st Triennial World Congress of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery & Techniques: WCMISST. Surgeons' Perceptions of Spinal Navigation. Honolulu, HI; June 7, 2008.
  12. Webb J, Regev G, Gottschalk L, Lee Y, Kim C. SAS: International Society for the Advancement of Spine Surgery: Motion in Miami: Global Symposium on Motion Preservation: Technology 8th Annual Meeting. Oral Abstract: Navigation-Assisted Fluoroscopy in Minimally Invasive Direct Lateral Interbody Fusion: A Cadaveric Study. Miami Beach, FL, May 9, 2008.
  13. Webb J, Kim C, Gottschallk L, Lee Y. SAS: International Society for the Advancement of Spine Surgery: Motion in Miami: Global Symposium on Motion Preservation: Technology 8th Annual Meeting. Poster: P219/#113. Surgeon Perceptions of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Miami Beach, FL, May 9, 2008.
  14. Kim C, Choo A, Regev G. SAS: International Society for the Advancement of Spine Surgery: Motion in Miami: Global Symposium on Motion Preservation: Technology 8th Annual Meeting. Poster: P226/#310. Minimizing the MIS Learning Curve: Analysis of a 1-Day Training Program Comprised of a Standardized Technique Protocol, Synthetic Models, and a Low Trainee to Cadaver Ratio. Miami Beach, FL, May 9, 2008.
  15. Kim CW, Phillips F. SAS: International Society for the Advancement of Spine Surgery: Motion in Miami: Global Symposium on Motion Preservation: Technology 8th Annual Meeting. SAS8 Conference Moderator, Miami Beach, FL, 3:45-5:00 pm, May 6, 2008.
  16. Kim CK. Session X: Treatment of Lumbar Stenosis in 2012. More MIS. The Spine Study Group 19th Symposium: Spine Surgery in 2012: Challenges, Best Practices, and New Technologies, Palm Beach, FL. May 3, 2008.
  17. Kim CK. Session IV: Lumbar Spine. Lumbar MIS. The Spine Study Group 19th Symposium: Spine Surgery in 2012: Challenges, Best Practices, and New Technologies. Palm Beach, FL. May 1, 2008.
  18. Kim CK. Microarchitecture Studies of the Human Multifidus Muscle Reveal its Unique Design as a Major Dynamic Stabilizer of the Lumbar Spine. ORS 54th Annual Meeting Abstract, San Francisco. March 2-5, 2008.
  19. Kim CK. The Future of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. APSAS 2008 (Asia Pacific Spine Arthroplasty Society). Seoul, Korea. Jan 15, 16, 18, 2008.
  20. Kim CK. Minimizing the MIS Learning Curve. APSAS 2008 (Asia Pacific Spine Arthroplasty Society). Seoul, Korea. Jan 15, 17, 2008.
  21. Kim CK. Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery: The Definition: The Future of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. APSAS 2008 (Asia Pacific Spine Arthroplasty Society). Seoul, Korea. Jan 17, 2008.
  22. Kim CK, et al. PRESTIGE? Cervical Disc hands-on workshops. Leaders in Spine Series: Evidence Based Approaches to Common Spine Problems Utilizing Established and New Techniques. Medtronic Course, Chicago, IL. Dec 7, 2007.
  23. Kim CK, et al. MAST? Techniques case discussion. Leaders in Spine Series: Evidence Based Approaches to Common Spine Problems Utilizing Established and New Techniques Medtronic Course, Chicago, IL. Dec 7, 2007.
  24. Kim CK et al. Lumbar, MAST? Procedure and image guidance: Hands-on workshops. Leaders in Spine Series: Evidence Based Approaches to Common Spine Problems Utilizing Established and New Techniques. Medtronic Course, Chicago, IL. Dec 7, 2007.
  25. Kim CK. Minimally Invasive Lumbar Interbody Fusion Techniques, Percutaneous Pedicle Screws. AAOS, Contemporary Techniques in Spinal Surgery 2007 Course. Rosemont, IL, Nov 10, 2007.
  26. Kim CK/All Faculty. Hands-On Surgical Skills Lab: Posterior Cervical: (C-Arms), Open Foraminotomy, Laminaplasty, Laminectomy, Occiput to T5 Instrumentation. AAOS, Contemporary Techniques in Spinal Surgery 2007 Course. Rosemont, IL, Nov 9, 2007.
  27. Kim CK/All Faculty. Hands-On Surgical Skills Lab, Group 1: Anterior Cervical Discectomy, Corpectomy, Vertebral Artery Dissection, Anterior Cervical Plating, High Cervical & Upper Thoracic Dissection, Circothyroidotomy, Optional, Transoral Resection of Dens. AAOS, Contemporary Techniques in Spinal Surgery 2007 Course. Rosemont, IL, Nov 9, 2007.
  28. Kim CK/All Faculty. Hands-On Surgical Skills Lab, Group 2: Lumbar Discectomy, Far-lateral, Open TFLI, PLIF, Thoraco-lumbar Posterior Instrumentation. AAOS, Contemporary Techniques in Spinal Surgery 2007 Course. Rosemont, IL, Nov 9, 2007.
  29. Kim CK. Posterior Fixation Solutions: Posterior Technique & Tips. Advanced Solutions in Trauma & Fixation Conference. Boston, MA, Oct 19, 2007.
  30. Kim CK. Anterior Fixation Techniques: Case Discussions and Hands-On Training. Advanced Solutions in Trauma & Fixation Conference. Boston, MA, Oct 19, 2007.
  31. Kim, CK. The role of advanced imaging and navigation in spine surgery. Leaders in Spine Surgery Series: Advanced Decision Making with Emphasis on Posterior Solutions. Las Vegas, NV, October 6, 2007.
  32. Kim, CK. Lumbar & Cervical Degenerative Case Discussions. Leaders in Spine Surgery Series: Advanced Decision Making with Emphasis on Posterior Solutions. Las Vegas, NV, October 5, 2007.
  33. Kim, CK. Percutaneous Fixation Solutions Case Discussion. Presenter & Faculty for CD Horizon Longitude Spinal System Launch. San Diego, CA, September 18, 2007.
  34. Kim, CK. MIS NAV DLIF Cadaver Training Lab. UCSD Medical Center, Outpatient Surgery Center, San Diego, CA, August 18-19, 2007.
  35. MIS Cadaver Training Lab. UCSD Medical Center, Outpatient Surgery Center, San Diego, CA, August 12, 2007.
  36. Vertebral Augmentation Segment: Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic VCF's. Innovative Techniques in Spine Surgery. Los Cabos, Mexico, June 28, 2007.
  37. Medtronic DLIF Course. Invited Speaker. Sacramento, CA. June 14, 2007.
  38. Schwender MD, Kim CK. Advanced topiCK in MAST. The Spine Summit: Emerging Technologies & Best Practices. Maui, HI, June 8-10, 2007.
  39. Kim CK. Percutaneous Endoscopic Decompressive Procedures: Are They Safe and Efficacious? The Spine Summit: Emerging Technologies & Best Practices. Maui, HI, June 8-10, 2007.
  40. Panel Member: Drs. Anderson, Kim, Schwender, Sasso, Mummaneni. Case Discussion: Minimal Access Surgery in the Lumbar and Cervical Spine. The Spine Summit: Emerging Technologies & Best Practices. Maui, HI, June 8-10, 2007.
  41. Kim CK. Minimal Access XLIF: The Spine Summit: Emerging Technologies & Best Practices. Maui, HI, June 8-10, 2007.
  42. DePuy Spine Fellowship Program: Bioskills Workshop St.Louis. Invited Course Faculty. St. Louis, MO, May 10-12, 2007.
  43. Kim CK. Introduction to the Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery: Moderator. Minimally Invasive Spine Society Symposium on Advanced MIS Technologies. Berlin, Germany, May 6, 2007.
  44. Kim CK. Role of Navigation in MIS Surgery. Minimally Invasive Spine Society Symposium on Advanced MIS Technologies. Berlin, Germany, May 6, 2007.
  45. Zhang Xing, Vecchio KS, Massie JB, Wang M, Kim CK. Hydrothermal Conversion of Marine Calcium Carbonate Skeletons to Calcium Phosphates as Bone Substitutes. Poster in SFB Conference, Chicago, Illinois, April 2007.
  46. Kim CK. XLIF: Technical Considerations. AAOS/Practical Anatomy/Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery #3102. St. Louis University, St. Louis, MO. March 23-24, 2007.
  47. Kim CK. XLIF: Blue Group Hands-on Surgical Skills Lab. AAOS/Practical Anatomy/Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery #3102. St. Louis University, St. Louis, MO. March 23-24, 2007.
  48. MIS Spine Surgery Community Seminar, UCSD Marketing Campaign, John C. Moores Cancer Center, La Jolla, CA. March 15, 2007.
  49. Kim CK. M. bovis Spinal Infections in HIV Patient. HIV/TB Multidisciplinary Conf, UCSD Medical Center, San Diego, CA. March 15, 2007.
  50. Kim CK. Annual Spine Symposium, Naval Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Faculty, San Diego, CA, March 9-10, 2007.
  51. Kim CK. Computer-assisted Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Neurology Grand Rounds, UCSD Medical Center, San Diego, CA. March 2, 2007.
  52. Massie JB, Kulkarni VA, Wang M, Zauner F, Murphy ME, Kim CK, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. High Molecular Weight Hyaluronan Decreases Tactile Allodynia and Spinal Cord IL-6 Expression in a Post-Laminectomy Rat Model. Poster presented at Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS) Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, February 12, 2007.
  53. Shen M, Bae H, Maurer P, Peppelman W, Beutler W, Linovitz R, Westerlund E, Peppers T, Lieberman I, Kim C, Girardi F. Clinical Experience Using a Novel Bio-Ceramic for Treating Vertebral Compression Fractures with One to Two Year Follow-Up. The Spine Journal 6(5):27S-28S, Sept 2006.
  54. Ward SR, Eng CM, Gottschalk LJ, Kim CK, Garfin SR, Lieber RL. Abstract Presentation, The Multifidus Muscle is the Strongest Stabilizer of the Lumbar Spine. Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association, Boston, MA, February, 2007.
  55. Kim CK. Advances in Minimally Invasive Treatments: Surgical Navigation. The Fourth Annual International Course on Spinal Focus, New York, New York, December 8, 2006.
  56. Kim CK. Use of Navigation to Decrease Radiation Exposure during Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Presentation at the Minimally Invasive Surgery of the Spine, San Diego, CA, Nov 3-4, 2006.
  57. Kim CK. Kyphoplasty. University of Regensburg, Germany. Invited by Dean's Office at UCSD Medical School, Member of UCSD Delegation, Regensburg, Germany. Oct 16, 2006.
  58. Kim CK. Lumbar Interbody Focus Group. Congress of Neurologic Surgeons. Chicago, IL, October 9, 2006.
  59. Kim CK. Use of Image Guidance for Minimally Invasive Surgery. Presentation at the Mayo Clinic Orthopedic Alumni Meeting, Rochester, MN, October 6-7, 2006.
  60. Kim CK, Wang M, Massie J, Perry A, Lu Lichun, Yaszemski M, Garfin S. A Rat Osteoporotic Spine Model for the Evaluation of Bioresorbable Bone Cements. Poster P128, North American Spine Society (NASS) 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA, Sept 27-30, 2006.
  61. Bae HW, Kim CK, Lieberman I, Westerland EL, Buetler WJ. Treatment of Vertebral Compression Fractures with Cortoss in Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty; One Year Follow-Up. Study from the Scientific Paper's Chapter Interventional Spine, The American Society of Spine Radiology, 2006 Annual Symposium, Feb 23-26, 2006.
  62. Ward SR, Eng CM, Gottschalk LJ, Kim CK, Garfin SR, Lieber RL: The Multifidus Muscle is the Strongest Stabilizer of the Lumbar Spine. APTA CKM 2007.
  63. Kim CK. Radiographic Cervical Cord Compression Without Myelopathy: Without Surgery. Presentation at the Korean American Spine Society (KASS) Inaugural Meeting, Copper Mountain, CO, August 12, 2006.
  64. Kim CK. A Rat Osteoporotic Spine Model for the Evaluation of Bioresorbable Bone Cements. Presentation at the American Spine Injury Association (ASIA), Boston, MA, June 20, 2006.
  65. Kim CK. XLIF. Presentation at The Spine Study Group 16th Symposium, West Palm Beach, FL, May 19, 2006.
  66. Kim CK. Vertebroplasty Biomaterials. Presentation at The Spine Study Group 16th Symposium, West Palm Beach, FL, May 20, 2006.
  67. Kim CK. Endoscopic Discectomy: Will Somebody Please Publish an RCT! Presentation at the 19th Annual International Intradiscal Therapy Society (IITS) Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, April 5-9, 2006.
  68. Kim CK. Spine II: Spine Trauma & General Surgery. Presentation at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, March 22-26, 2006.
  69. Kim CK. Perspective on Lumbar Artificial Disc Technology. Presentation at the First Annual Spine Arthroplasty Summit, Salt Lake City, UT, Feb 17-18, 2006.
  70. Kim CK. XLIF: Technical Consideration. Presentation at The Latest Minimally Invasive Techniques for the Treatment of Thoracolumbar Spine Disorders, St. Louis, MO, Feb 11, 2006.
  71. Kim CK, Perry A, Mahar A, Lu LC, Yaszemski, MJ, Massie J, Garfin SR. Biomechanical Evaluation of an Injectable Radiopaque Polypropylene Fumarate Bone Cement for Kyphoplasty. Poster Presentation at North American Spine Society (NASS) 20th Annual Meeting, Sept 28, 2005.
  72. Bae H, Maurer P, Peppelman W, Beutler W, Linovitz R, Westerlund E, Peppers T, Lieberman I, Kim DW, Girardi F. CharacteristiCK and Clinical Experience Using a Novel Bioceramic for Treating Vertebral Compression Fractures inVertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty: Report on the First 40 Patients. Podium Presentation at North American Spine Society (NASS) 20th Annual Meeting, Sept 28, 2005.
  73. Kim CK, Perry A, Mahar A, Lu LC, Yaszemski MJ, Massie J, Garfin SR. PPF Kyphoplasy. Poster presentation at the North American Spine Society (NASS) Annual Meeting. Philadelphia. September 28-30, 2005.
  74. Kim CK, Perry A, Bates Y, Massie J, Lu L, Yaszemski MJ, Currier B, Mahar A, Garfin SR. Biomechanical Evaluation of an Injectable Radiopaque Polypropylene Cement for Kyphoplasty in a Cadaveric Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fracture Model. Poster presentation at the Society for Biomaterials Research, April 2005.
  75. Kim CK, Perry A, Mahar A, Arrieta N, Massie J, Akeson W, Lieber R, Garfin S. Biomechanical Evaluation of Vertebral Augmentation with Calcium Sulfate Cement in Cadaveric Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Oral presentation at North American Spine Society (NASS) Annual Meeting, 2004.
  76. Bawa M, Schimizzi AL, Kim CK, Leek B, Bono CM, Massie JB, Macias B, Chung CB, Cornwall GB, Hargens AR, Garfin SR. Vascular Contribution of Paraspinal Muscles in Posterolateral Spinal Fusion. Oral presentation at the North American Spine Society (NASS) Annual Meeting, 2004.
  77. Schimizzi AL, Massie JB, Polewski MD, Perry A, Kim CK, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. Topical High Molecular Weight Hyaluronan Application Post Laminectomy Decreases the Acute Cytokine and Macrophage Response. Oral presentation at the North American Spine Society (NASS) Annual Meeting, 2004.
  78. Ozgur B, Rodriguez G, Kim C, Taylor W. Minimal Access Lumbar Interbody Fusion: a Lateral Transpsoas Approach xlif90 to Adult Degenerative Scoliosis Correction. Poster Presentation at AANS (American Association of Neurologic Surgeons), San Diego, CA 2004.
  79. Taylor W, Kim C, Ozgur B. The Use of the Synex Expandable Cage and MACK-TL Plate for Thorascopic Repair of Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures. Poster Presentation at the AANS Annual Meeting. San Diego, CA. March 2004.
  80. Kim CK. Local Treatment of Osteoporosis. Presentation to the Osteoporosis Support Group. San Diego CA. Oct 2003.
  81. Kim CK. Minimally Invasive Spinal Decompression. Presentation at the Spine Evolution Nucleus. San Diego, CA. Sept 2003.
  82. Kim CK. Biology of Disk Disease. Presentation at the 3rd Annual Emerging Technologies in Spine. San Diego, CA. Aug 2003.
  83. Kim CK and Garfin SR. Commentary and Perspective on A Comprehensive Study of Patients with Surgically Treated Lumbar Spinal Stenosis with Neurogenic Claudication. JBJS Web Commentary, 2002.
  84. Kim CK. The Curse of Low Back Pain. Oral presentation at the SDSU Extended Studies Conference on Pain Management and End of Life Issues. San Diego, CA, 2002.
  85. Kim CK. Evaluation and Treatment of Osteoporosis Vertebral Compression Fractures. Oral presentation at the SICOT Annual Meeting. San Diego, CA., 2002.
  86. Kim CK. Lumbar Stenosis. Oral presentation at the SICOT Annual Meeting. San Diego, CA, 2002.
  87. Kim CK. Strategies for the Local Treatment of Osteoporosis using Bioabsorbable, Bioactive Bone Cements. Oral presentation at the Department of Bioengineering and the Whitaker Institute of Biomedical Engineering research conference. San Diego, CA, 2002.
  88. Massie JB, Huang B, Giurea A, Kim CK, Sah R, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. Prevention of Epidural Fibrosis Post-Laminentomy: 3 Weeks and 8 Weeks Study Using a Barrier Sheet and Hyaluronan Gel. Poster presentation at the 17th Annual Meeting of the North American Spine Society. Montreal, Canada, 2002.
  89. Massie JB, Huang B, Kim CK, Sah R, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. A Post-Laminectomy Rat Model MimiCK the Chung Tactile Allodynia Model. Poster presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, New Orleans, LA, 2002.
  90. Yaszemski MJ, Kim CK, Talac R, Currier BL. Metastatic Disease of the Spine: Evaluation and Treatment. Instructional Course Lecture #270. Annual Meeting of the AAOS, Dallas, Texas, 2002.
  91. Aslam MA, Kim CK, Murikipudi S, Chu PW, Currier BL, Lu L, Yaszemski MJ. Fabrication and Characterization of Porous, Injectable Poly(propylene fumarate)-based Scaffolds via a Foaming Method. Abstract submitted; 28th Annual Mtg of the Society for Biomaterials, Tampa, FL, 2001.
  92. Yaszemski MJ, Kim CK, Talac R, Currier BL. Flatback Syndrome: Evaluation, Indications, Techniques, and Complications. AAOS Advanced Spine Course. Chicago, IL, 2001.
  93. Kim CK, Lee G, Abrams R, Hoyt D, and Garfin SR. Use of Vascularized Fibular Grafts for the Treatment of Failed Spinal Fusions. Presented at the VII Congress of the Brazilian Spine Society, Bahia, Brazil, September 22-25, 1999.
  94. Kim CK, Lee A, Hoyt D, Kennedy F, Smith J, and Meyer RS. Personal Watercraft Injuries in San Diego County. Poster presentation at the 15th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Trauma Association, October 22-24, 1999. Charlotte, NC.
  95. Kim CK, Jamali A, Convery FR, and Bugbee W. Treatment of Post-traumatic Ankle Arthritis using Bipolar Tibiotalar Osteochondral Allografts. Oral presentation at the AAOS Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA, 1999.
  96. Kim CK, Goldberger O, Gallo RL, Bernfield M. Members of the Syndecan Family of Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans Show Cell- and Tissue-Specific Expression. Poster presentation at the American Society of Cell Biology, New Orleans, LA, 1993.

Media Features

  1. Dr. Kim. UCSD MDTV Feature on Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery at UCSD. August, 2008, San Diego, CA.
  2. Dr. Kim. Invited in-studio guest by Executive Producer on San Diego's morning show on KUSI, Channel 9/51 to discuss Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery at UCSD. May 9, 2007, San Diego, CA.
  3. Dr. Kim. The Society for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery, feature article in Orthopedics This Week, May 22, 2007.

Articles Written by Choll W. Kim, MD, PhD

Confusion About Spinal Fusion

The purpose of fusion surgery is to realign a spinal deformity and/or stabilize a segment of the spine to prevent painful motion (or micro-motion).

Case Studies Presented by Choll W. Kim, MD, PhD

Sudden Right Foot Drop after Skiing

Presented by: C. Kim MD, PhD
An avid skier and mountain biker presents with a sudden right foot drop after skiing. She has a transient left leg radiculopathy that improved with a bilateral L4-L5, L5-S1 transforaminal epidural steroid injection. However, persistent weakness in right ankle dorsiflexion has prevented her from returning to her activities.

Discitis and Osteomyelitis in a 63-Year-old Male

Presented by: C. Kim MD, PhD
During the course of treatment, this 63-year-old man developed severe low back pain, recurrent fevers, and intermittent bacteremia.

Novel Treatment of Neck and Arm Pain

Presented by: C. Kim MD, PhD

The patient, a 59-year-old female, presents with neck and arm pain that was not effectively relieved by interlaminar epidural steroid injections and physical therapy.

Financial Disclosures

SpineUniverse, a Vertical Health, LLC website, is committed to ensuring that the medical information it presents is accurate, balanced, objective, and trustworthy. 

To help achieve this goal, SpineUniverse requires all authors, editors, and reviewers to disclose any financial relationships or affiliations they have with companies whose products or services may be mentioned in the content they author, edit, or review.

The intent of this policy is to identify any perceived, potential, or real conflicts of interest so that readers can make their own judgments about the value of information being presented.

Author's Statement

I, or an immediate family member, have a financial interest(s) or affiliation(s) with the following commercial companies whose products and / or services may be mentioned in the materials I have authored, edited or reviewed for presentation on Vertical Health, LLC’s websites.

Disclosed Relationships

Grants/Research Support
Globus Medical
Consultant
Globus Medical; Biomet, Inc.; K2M, Inc.
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