John C. Oakley, MD's portrait
John C. Oakley, MD
Neurosurgeon/Pain Management

About John C. Oakley, MD

Dr. John Oakley passed away April 17, 2006. Of importance to Dr. Oakley was teaching. His compassion helped him become a teacher that all people could relate to and understand. Because of his skill, he was a sought after lecturer who published countless articles and textbook chapters. His death is a great loss.

Dr. John Oakley was a Board Certified Neurosurgeon and Board Certified in Pain Management. Dr. Oakley was is in private practice at Yellowstone Neurosurgical Associates in Billings, MT.

Dr. Oakley earned his Medical Degree at the University of Washington, School of Medicine. He completed his Surgical Internship at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center followed by military service in the United States Public Health Service as a Senior Assistant Neurosurgeon, Lieutenant Commander Naval Equivalent Rank. Dr. Oakley then completed his Neurosurgical Residency at the University of Washington. During his residency, Dr. Oakley received the Upjohn Award for Humanitarian Concern and Clinical Skill.

Dr. Oakley was a member of many professional organizations including the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS), Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS), AANS/CNS Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, AANS Section on Pain, American Medical Association, American Pain Society, and North American Spine Society. He was the founding member of the American Neuromodulation Society.

Dr. Oakley's principal areas of research and experience included electrophysiology of epilepsy, functional electrical stimulation of the nervous system, and etiology and control of chronic intractable pain. He had published research in many articles appearing in scientific journals, contributed chapters to medical textbooks, and lectured extensively.


1. Sypert GW, Oakley JC, Ward AA Jr: Single Unit Analysis of Propagated Seizures in Neocortex. Exp Neurol 28:308-325, 1970.


2. Oakley JC, Sypert GW, Ward AA Jr: Conductance Changes in Neocortical Propagated Seizure: Seizure Initiation. Exp Neurol 97:287-299, 1972.

3. Oakley JC, Sypert GW, Ward AA Jr: Conductance Changes in Neocortical Propagated Seizure: Seizure Termination. Exp Neurol 37:300-311, 1972.

4. Oakley JC, Laurent JP, Molinari GG: EEG Changes After Acute Cerebral Embolism. Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol 4:432-436, 1976.

5. Laurent JP, Molinari GG, Oakley JC: Primate Model of Cerebral Hematoma. J Neuropath Exp Neurol 35:560-568, 1976.

6. VanBuren JM, Wood JH, Oakley JC, Hambrecht R: Preliminary Evaluation of Cerebellar Stimulation by Double-Blind Stimulation and Biological Criteria in the Treatment of Epilepsy. J Neurosurg 48:407-416, 1978.

7. Oakley JC, Ojemann GA, Ojemann L, Cromwell L: Identifying Epileptic Foci on Contrast-Enhanced Computerized Tomographic Scans. Arch Neurol 36:669, 1979.

8. Ojemann GA, Oakley JC, Moretti-Ojemann L, Cromwell L: Identifying Epileptic Foci on Contrast-Enhanced Computer Tomographic Scans. From, Advances in Neurosurgery, Vol 7, Neurovascular Surgery - Specialized Neurosurgical Techniques, Marguth F, et al, ed. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1979.

9. Ojemann GA, Oakley JC: Effect of Stimulation of the Caudate and Ventral Anterior Thalamus on Seizure Frequency in the Chronic Primate Model of Epilepsy. From, Advances in Epileptology: The Xth Epilepsy International Symposium, Wada, Juhn A, Penry and Kiffin J, eds. Vancouver, Canada, August 1980.

10. Reynolds AR and Oakley JC: High Frequency Cervical Epidural Stimulation for Spasticity. Appl Neurophysiol 45:93-107, 1982.

11. Oakley JC, Ojemann GA, Ellsworth CA Jr: Post-Traumatic Syringomyelia; Case Report. J Neurosurg 55:276-281, 1981.

12. Oakley JC, Ojemann GA: Effects of Chronic Stimulation of the Caudate Nucleus on a Preexisting Alumina Seizure Focus. Exp Neurol 75:360-367, 1982.

13. Reynolds AF and Oakley JC: The Colchicine Experimental Epileptic Focus: An Intracellular Study. July 5, 1984. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. - Brain Research, 322 (1984) 326-328 - Elsevier.

14. Oakley JC: Electrical Stimulation of the Brain. Encyclopedia of Bioethics. Reich, Warren Thomas, Editor in Chief. Simon & Schuster, Macmillan, New York 1995. p. 657.

15. Oakley JC with Merskey H: Psychosurgery: Medical and Historical Aspects. Encyclopedia of Bioethics. Simon & Schuster, Macmillan, New York 1995. p. 2145.

16. Oakley JC with Winn R (Dallas, TX): Spinal Cord Stimulation for Relief of Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy. Paper submitted to American Neuromodulation Society Meeting. Orlando, FL 1996.

17. Burchiel KJ, Anderson VC, Brown FD, Fessler RG, Friedman WA, Pelofsky S, Weiner RL, Oakley JC, and Shatin D: Prospective, Multicenter Study of Spinal Cord Stimulation for Relief of Chronic Back and Extremity Pain. Spine Vol 21, No 23:2786-2794. December 1, 1996.

18. Oakley, JC with Weiner, R (Dallas, TX): Spinal Cord Stimulation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: Results of a Prospective Study at Two Centers. Neuromodulation. In press, 1998.

19. Oakley, JC: Spinal Cord Stimulation for the Relief of Pain: Proceedings of a Symposium during the 4th International Congress of the International Neuromodulation Society, September 16-20, 1998. Lucerne Switzerland. Neuromodulation 2:184-187.

20. Oakley, JC Bennett, DS Alo', KM, and Feler, CA: Spinal Cord Stimulation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome I (RSD): A retrospective multi-center experience from 1995 to 1998 of 101 patients. Neuromodulation 1999: 2:202-210.

21. Oakley, JC: Neurostimulation: Cervical Placement in Best T, Fluoroscopy Manual for Pain Management, Pain Management Innovations, Evergreen CO. pp 45-51 2000.

22. Oakley, JC, Baralat, G, Law, JD, North, RB, Ketcik, B, and Sharan, A: Epidural Spinal Cord Stimulation with a multiple electrode paddle lead is effective in treating intractable low back pain. Neuromodulation 2001 4:59-66.

23. Oakley, JC with Staats, Provider Solutions: Intraspinal Infusion Devices, In, Ray PP, ed. Practical Management of Pain, ed. 3 St. Louis, Mosby Yearbook 2001.

24. Oakley, JC: Spinal Cord Stimulation in Chronic Low Back Pain, Chapter 33 in Low Back Pain Diagnosis and Treatment, Manchikanti L, Slipman CW, Fellows B, ASIPP Publishing, Paducah, KY. 2002.

25. Oakley, JC, Prager, JP. Spinal Cord Stimulation: Mechanisms of Action 2002: Spine 27: 2574-2583.

26. Oakley, JC, Prager, JP. Spinal Cord Stimulation for the Treatment of Chronic Pain, Chapter 299, Volume 4, In Textbook of Neurological Surgery: Principles and Practice: Batjer HH and Loftus CM, eds. Volume 14 ed. Follett KA, Lippincott, Williams & Williams, Philadelphia, 2003.

27. Oakley, JC: A Review of the Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain. Current Review of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, In Press 2003.

28. Oakley, JC: Spinal Cord Stimulation: Patient Selection, Technique, and Outcomes. Neurosurgery Clinics of North America. In Press 2003.

29. Oakley, JC: Implantable Technology for Treatment of Spinal Pain in Image Guided Spine Interventions. Mathis JM ed. Springer-Verloz New York, In Press 2003.

30. Oakley, JC: Psychosurgery, Medical and Historical Aspects of. In Encyclopedia of Bioethics, 3rd ed. Post SG, ed. Macmillan Reference, New York, NY In Press 2003.

31. Oakley, JC Wetzel, FT, Hussenbusch, S, Willis, KD, Simpson, RK, Ross, E,: Treatment of Chronic Pain in Failed Back Surgery Patients with Spinal Cord Stimulation, a review of current literature and proposal for future investigation. SPINE.

32. Oakley, JC: Spinal Cord Stimulation in Neuropathic Pain. In.________________, Simpson B. ed. Begell House, Inc, London. In Press 2003.

Financial Disclosures

SpineUniverse, a Remedy Health Media, LLC website, is committed to ensuring that the medical information it presents is accurate, balanced, objective, and trustworthy.

To help achieve this goal, SpineUniverse requires all authors, editors, and reviewers to disclose any financial relationships or affiliations they have with companies whose products or services may be mentioned in the content they author, edit, or review.

The intent of this policy is to identify any perceived, potential, or real conflicts of interest so that readers can make their own judgments about the value of information being presented.

This author has not yet submitted a Financial and Other Disclosures form.