All Spinal Anatomy Articles

Your Healthy Spine

Overview of spinal anatomy explains and illustrates key structures of the spine, such as the discs, joints and nerve roots that may cause neck and back pain.

Use Good Body Mechanics to Help Keep Your Spine Safe

Correct body mechanics, can help minimize the risk of injury to your spine.

Anatomical Planes of the Body

Medical professionals often refer to sections of the body in terms of anatomical planes (flat surfaces). These planes are imaginary lines ? vertical or horizontal ? drawn through an upright body.

Muscles Move and Support the Spine

Patient-friendly article about the voluntary muscles that move and support the spine. Lack of muscle strength and flexibility is a common reason for back pain.

Spinal Cord - Ligaments - Muscles - Blood Supply

Learn about the spinal cord, nerve roots, cord membranes, ligaments and other spinal structures.

Spinal Anatomy Animation

Spinal anatomy video animation explains the spine’s complexities to help you understand back pain, neck pain, causes, and your diagnosis.

Cervical Spine Anatomy Animation

Cervical spine anatomy video animation explains the structures in your neck, including the vertebrae, intervertebral discs and ligaments.

Facet Joints of the Spine's Anatomy

A joint is where 2 or more bones are joined. Joints allow motion (articulation). The joints in the spine are commonly called facet joints, and you can learn about the anatomy of spinal joints in this article.

Vertebral Column

Get an expert-written spinal anatomy lesson on the vertebral column (your spine) by reading this article.

Spinal Muscles: A Comprehensive Guide

Muscles are named according to their shape, location, or a combination. They are further categorized according function such as flexion, extension, or rotation.

Cervical Spine Anatomy (Neck)

Detailed description of cervical spine anatomy: includes image of cervical vertebra and list of parts of the body controlled by the cervical spinal nerves.

Spinal Curves

Spinal curves are either kyphotic or lordotic. In a normal spine there are four types of spinal curvatures important to balance, flexibility, and stress absorption and distribution.

Intervertebral Discs

The intervertebral discs are fibrocartilaginous cushions serving as the spine's shock absorbing system, which protect the vertebrae, brain, and other structures.

Thoracic Spine

The thoracic spine is your upper back, and it has 12 vertebrae. Learn more about this spinal region. Includes helpful illustrations.

Ligaments

Read this article to get a basic anatomy lesson about ligaments, which are fibrous bands or sheets of connective tissue linking 2 or more structures together.
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