All Spinal Anatomy Articles

Spinal Cord - Ligaments - Muscles - Blood Supply

Learn about the spinal cord, nerve roots, cord membranes, ligaments and other spinal structures.

Spinal Anatomy Animation

Spinal anatomy video animation explains the spine’s complexities to help you understand back pain, neck pain, causes, and your diagnosis.

Cervical Spine Anatomy Animation

Cervical spine anatomy video animation explains the structures in your neck, including the vertebrae, intervertebral discs and ligaments.

Facet Joints of the Spine's Anatomy

A joint is where 2 or more bones are joined. Joints allow motion (articulation). The joints in the spine are commonly called facet joints, and you can learn about the anatomy of spinal joints in this article.

Vertebral Column

Get an expert-written spinal anatomy lesson on the vertebral column (your spine) by reading this article.

Spinal Muscles: A Comprehensive Guide

Muscles are named according to their shape, location, or a combination. They are further categorized according function such as flexion, extension, or rotation.

Cervical Spine Anatomy (Neck)

Detailed description of cervical spine anatomy: includes image of cervical vertebra and list of parts of the body controlled by the cervical spinal nerves.

Spinal Curves

Spinal curves are either kyphotic or lordotic. In a normal spine there are four types of spinal curvatures important to balance, flexibility, and stress absorption and distribution.

Intervertebral Discs

The intervertebral discs are fibrocartilaginous cushions serving as the spine's shock absorbing system, which protect the vertebrae, brain, and other structures.

Thoracic Spine

The thoracic spine is your upper back, and it has 12 vertebrae. Learn more about this spinal region. Includes helpful illustrations.


Read this article to get a basic anatomy lesson about ligaments, which are fibrous bands or sheets of connective tissue linking 2 or more structures together.

Glossary of Spinal Terms

An "A to Z" dictionary of spine terms translated into patient-friendly language.

Bone Basics and Your Spine

The bones of the spine, called vertebrae, are like cylindrical building blocks. They stack on top of each other like small cans separated by little cushions called discs. Learn more about the spinal column.

Your Healthy Spine

To understand a spinal condition, it is helpful to first understand some basics about the spine.

The Sacrum and Coccyx

The sacrum and coccyx are part of the vertebral spinal column; the anatomy of the sacral spine and tailbone is explained.