After graduating medical school and completing an internship, the doctor enters an orthopaedic residency program. An orthopaedic surgical residency takes 4 to 5 years to complete. The residency program is rigorous and complex covering all areas of orthopaedics and orthopaedic surgery. Upon completion of a residency program, some orthopaedic surgeons receive advanced training during a fellowship program in a particular area of study, such as the spine.
Orthopaedic surgeons and orthopaedic spine surgeons continue their medical education and training throughout their careers. There are many opportunities for specialists to stay current with orthopaedic, technical, and medical advances, such as society meetings and scientific journals.