Facts and Tips about Spinal Cord Injury

Reviewed by Edward C. Benzel, MD

Listed below are five little-known facts about spinal cord injury (SCI), with a focus on its fascinating history. Included is a statistical snapshot of SCI today that answers questions such as, Who are most affected by a spinal cord injury—men or women?
#1. The treatment of spinal cord injury has come a long way since about 1700 BC. An Egyptian papyrus roll from the time described two severe SCIs and suggested they were "an ailment not to be treated."

#2. In 1543, Vesalius, a physician and teacher, contributed much to our understanding of the spinal cord. He was the first to describe and illustrate this structure. In fact, Vesalius coined the names for the spinal levels (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal).

#3. In the 1920s, the use of x-rays helped physicians pinpoint the location of the spinal cord injury, making diagnosis clearer.

#4. Prior to World War II, the mortality rate for serious spinal cord injury was high. Many patients died just days following injury. A wheelchair-bound life was considered a good outcome. Medical advances in emergency medicine and rehabilitation have changed all that and have significantly improved lives.

#5. It is rare for injury to cause severing of the spinal cord. Spinal cord compression or bruising is enough to cause temporary or permanent paralysis.

2016 Statistical Facts
The 2016 stats and figures below from the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center (NSCISC) offer a snapshot of the current SCI landscape:

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