Vitamin B5

The A-B-C's of Vitamin Supplements

Peer Reviewed

Vitamin B5 BlockVitamin B5, also called pantothenic acid, plays an important role in production of adrenal hormones (adrenal glands). It is required for the formation of antibodies (immune system), and helps to convert carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into energy. Vitamin B5 is a component of coenzyme A, which is needed to carry out metabolic functions. Additionally, vitamin B5 helps to produce neurotransmitters required for proper nerve and muscle performance. A deficiency of pantothenic acid may cause fatigue, psoriasis, and headache.

Vitamin B5 is needed for normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. It is used to reduce stress and enhance stamina. Vitamin B5 is often used to treat the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis; swelling, pain, and stiffness.

Dosage Guidelines
Vitamin B5 is available alone as calcium panthothenate (8% calcium, 92% pantothenic acid). However, to avoid vitamin B imbalance, take a B-complex formula that includes vitamin B5 or with other B vitamins.

  • Regular stress relief: 250-500-mg per day
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: 2,000-mg (1,000-mg twice a day)
  • Lower Cholesterol/Triglycerides: 900-mg (300-mg three times a day)

This vitamin is available in 100-mg, 250-mg, and 500-mg capsules. Vitamin B5 should be taken with water after eating.

The best dietary sources for vitamin B5 are beef, poultry, fish, brewer's yeast, whole-grain breads, whole grain cereals, legumes, avocados, nuts, cheese, potatoes, eggs, milk, and bananas.

Vitamin B5 has not known side effects or adverse interactions with other supplements or medications.

Disclaimer: Many people report feeling improvement in their condition and/or general well-being taking dietary, vitamin, mineral, and/or herbal supplements. The Editorial Board of, however, cannot endorse such products since most lack peer-reviewed scientific validation of their claims. In most cases an appropriate diet and a "multiple vitamin" will provide the necessary dietary supplements for most individuals. Prior to taking additional dietary, vitamin, mineral, and/or herbal supplements it is recommended that patients consult with their personal physician to discuss their specific supplement requirements.

Updated on: 03/08/16
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Thomas G. Lowe, MD
While some patients have reported improvement after taking this supplement, the Editorial Board is unable to endorse the supplement due to the lack of peer reviewed scientific literature indicating its efficacy for treating spinal conditions. Patients should consult their physician before starting a supplement program.
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