Ergonomics: Risk Factor Checklist
Ergonomics for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders: Guidelines for Retail Grocery Stores
If the answer to any of the following questions is yes, the activity should be further reviewed.
Force in Lifting
Does the lift involve pinching to hold the object?
Is heavy lifting done with one hand?
Are very heavy items lifted without the assistance of a mechanical device?
Are heavy items lifted while bending over, reaching above shoulder height, or twisting?
Are most items lifted rather than slid over the scanner?
Force in Pushing, Pulling, Carrying
Are dollies, pallet jacks, or other carts difficult to get started?
Is there debris (e.g., broken pallets) or uneven surfaces (e.g., cracks in the floor) or dock plates that could catch the wheels while pushing?
Is pulling rather than pushing routinely used to move an object?
Are heavy objects carried manually for a long distance?
Force to Use Tools
Do tools require the use of a pinch grip or single finger to operate?
Are tools too large or too small for the employee's hands?
Repetitive Tasks Are multiple scans needed?
Is a quick wrist motion used while scanning?
Do repetitive motions last for several hours without a break (e.g., slicing deli meats, scanning groceries)?
Does the job require repeated finger force (e.g., kneading bread, squeezing frosting, using pricing gun)?
Awkward and Static Postures
Is the back bent or twisted while lifting or holding heavy items?
Are objects lifted out of or put into cramped spaces?
Do routine tasks involve leaning, bending forward, kneeling or squatting?
Do routine tasks involve working with the wrists in a bent or twisted position?
Are routine tasks done with the hands below the waist or above the shoulders?
Are routine tasks done behind (e.g., pushing items to bagging) or to the sides of the body?
Does the job require standing for most of the shift without anti-fatigue mats?
Do employees work with their arms or hands in the same position for long periods of time without changing positions or resting?
Are there sharp or hard edges with which the worker may come into contact?
Do employees use their hands as a hammer (e.g., closing containers)?
Does the end of the tool/utensil (knife) handle press into the worker's palm?
Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA)
200 Constitution Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20210