References: When, How, and Why to Use Epidural Corticosteroid Injections: An Overview

References

1. Boden S, Davis DO, Dina TS. Abnormal Magnetic-Resonance Scans of the Spine. In Asymptomatic Patients. J Bone Joint Surg 1990;72A:403-8.

2. Bogduk N, Christophidis N, Cheny D, et al. Epidural Steroids in the Management of Back Pain and Sciatica of Spinal Origin. Report of the Working Party on Epidural Use of Steroids in the Management of Back Pain. National Health and Medical Research Council, Canberra, Australia. 1993.

3. Bogduk N, Aprill C, Derby R. Epidural Steroid Injections. In, White AH, ed, Spine Care Diagnosis and Conservative Treatment Volume One. Missouri: Mosby, 1995:322-343.

4. Carette S, Leclaire R, Marcoux S, Morin F, Blaise GA, St-Pierre A, et al. Epidural Corticosteroid Injections for Sciatica Due To Herniated Nucleus Pulposus. N.Eng. J. Med., 1634, 1997.

5. Derby R, Bogduk N, Kine G. Precision Percutaneous Blocking Procedures For Localizing Spinal Pain. Part 2. The Lumbar Neuroaxial Compartment. Pain Digest 1993 3: 62-75.

6. Dilke TFW, Burry HC. Grahame R. Extradural Corticosteroid Injection in the Management of Lumbar Nerve Root Compression.. Br MedJ 2:635-637, 1973.

7. Dreyfuss F. Epidural Steroid Injections. A Procedure Ideally Performed Under Fluoroscopic Control and With Contrast Media. International Spinal Injection Society Newsletter 1993; 1(5).

8. El-Khoury G, Ehara S, Weinstein J, Montgomery W, Kathol M. Epidural Steroid Injection: A Procedure Ideally Performed With Fluoroscopic Control. Radiology 168 (2): 554-557. 1988.

9. Garnburd RS. The Use of Selective Injections in the Lumbar Spine. In, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America-2, 1991. p79-96.

10. Johansson A, Hao J, Sjolund B. Local Corticosteroid Application Blocks Transmission. in Normal Nociceptor C-Fibres. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand I 990:34:335-8.

11. Manger D, Thomas PB. Epidural Steroid Injections in the Treatment of Cervical and Lumbar Pain Syndromes, Regional Anesth 16:246, 1991

12. Merwin JD. Chronic Thoracic Pain. In Ramamurthy S, Rogers JN (eds). Decision Making in Pain Management. St Louis, BC Decker, 1993, 112.

13. Nelson DA: Intraspinal therapy using methylprednisolone acetate. Twenty-three years of controversy. Spine 18:278, 1993.

14. Saal JA, Saal JS. Nonoperative treatment of herniated lumbar intervertebral disc with radiculopathy. An outcome study. Spine (1989 Apr) 14(4):431-7

15. SaaI JS, Franson RC, Dobrow R, Saa1 JA, White AH, Goldthwaite N. High Levels of Inflammatory Phospholipase A2 Activity in Lumbar Disc Herniation. Spine 1990;l5:674-8.

16. Shulman M. Treatment of Neck Pain With Cervical Epidural Steroid Injection. Regional Anesth 11:92, 1986.

17. Skubic JW, Kostuik JP. Thoracic Pain Syndromes and Thoracic Disc Herniation. In, The Adult Spine: Principles and Practice. JW Fryrnoyer (ed). New York, Raven Press, 1991 p.1443-1461.

18. Weinstein SM, Herring SA, Derby R. Contemporary concepts in spine care. Epidural steroid injections. Spine (1995 Aug 15) 20(16):1842-6

19. Woodard JL, Weinstein SM. Epidural Injections for the Diagnosis and Management of Axial and Radicular Pain Syndromes. In, Injection Techniques: Principles and Practice. Stuart Weinstein, (Ed), Philadelphia, W.B.Saunders 6, 1995, 691-714.

20. Woodard J, Herring S, Windsor R, Dreyer S, Lester J, Lagattut F. Epidural Procedures in Spine Pain Management. In, Physiatric Procedures in Clinical Practice. Hanky and Belfus, Philadelphia, 1995. pp260-291.

Updated on: 09/26/12
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