Harvinder S. Sandhu, MD's portrait
Harvinder S. Sandhu, MD
Associate Professor
Weill Medical College, Cornell University
New York, NY

About Harvinder S. Sandhu, MD

Dr. Sandhu is an Attending Spine Surgeon at the Hospital for Special Surgery and Cornell Medical Center in New York. He specializes in the surgical treatment of cervical, thoracic, and lumbar disorders and is also an active scientist in the Clinical Research division of the institution. Prior to arriving to Hospital for Special Surgery, Dr. Sandhu was chief of the Spine Surgery section of the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Dr. Sandhu completed his residency at the State University of New York and fellowship training in spinal surgery at UCLA. He is certified by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery and the American Board of Spine Surgery. He is also a member of several professional and academic societies including the Orthopaedic Research Society, the Scoliosis Research Society, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, and the Medical Society of the State of New York. His current teaching responsibilities include educating medical students, residents, and fellows on state-of-the-art techniques in spinal surgery.

As a scientist, Dr. Sandhu has written numerous papers in the area of bone biology and spinal fusion with an emphasis on novel methods of stimulating successful spinal fusion. He has received research awards from the North American Spine Society, the Orthopaedic Research Society, and the International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine. He is also the principle investigator for the Hospital for Special Surgery site for the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT), the largest clinical trial ever funded by the National Institutes for Health (NIH) in the area of musculoskeletal disease. Dr. Sandhu also lectures frequently at national and international symposia and is an advisor and consultant for medical device manufacturers.


Scientific Articles
1. Lane, J.M., Sandhu, H.S. (1987) Current Approaches to Experimental Bone Grafting, Ortho Clin North Am 18:213-225.

2. Bergman, M., Tornetta, P., Kerina, M., Sandhu, H.S., Simon, G., Deysine, G., Alcindor, F. (1993) Femoral Fractures Caused by Gunshot Wounds: Treatment by Immediate Reamed Intramedullary Nailing. Journal of Trauma 34(6):783-5.

3. Sandhu, H.S., Kanim, L.E.A., Kabo, J.M., Toth J.M., Zeegan, E., Liu D, Seeger, L., Dawson, E.G. (1995) Evaluation of rhBMP-2 with an OPLA Carrier in a Canine Posterolateral (Transverse Process) Spinal Fusion Model. Spine 20(24), 2669-2682.

4. Sandhu, H.S., Turner S., Kabo, J.M., Kanim, L.E.A., Liu D, Nourparvar A., Delamarter R. B., Dawson, E.G. (1996) Distractive Properties of a Threaded Interbody Fusion Device. Spine 21(10): 1201-1210.

5. Sandhu, H.S., Luppen, C.A., Kanim, L.E.A. (1996) Spinal Applications for Recombinant Bone Morphogenetic Protein. Spine: State of the Art 10(2): 255-268.

6. Sandhu, H.S., Kanim, L.E.A., Kabo J.M., Toth, J.M., Zeegen E.N., Liu, D. Delamarter, R.B., Dawson, E.G. (1996) Effective Doses of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 in Experimental Spinal Fusion. Spine 21(18):2115-2122.

7. Wang, J.C., Sandhu, H.S., Yu, W.D., Minchew, J.T., Delamarter, R.D. (1997) MRI Parameters for Imaging Titanium Spinal Instrumentation. Journal of Spinal Disorders 10(1):27-52.

8. Sandhu, H.S., Kanim, L.E.A., Toth J.M., Kabo, J.M., Liu, D., Delamarter, R.B., Dawson, E.G. (1997) Experimental Spinal Fusions with Recombinant BMP-2 Without Decortication of Osseous Elements. Spine 22 (11):1171-1180.

9. Boden S.D., Martin G.J. Jr, Horton W.C., Truss T.L., Sandhu, H.S. (1998) Laparoscopic anterior spinal arthrodesis with rhBMP-2 in a titanium interbody threaded cage. Journal of Spinal Disorders 11(2):95-101.

10. Wang J.C., Yu W.D., Sandhu, H.S., Tam V., Delamarter R.B. (1998) A comparison of magnetic resonance and computed tomographic image quality after the implantation of tantalum and titanium spinal instrumentation. Spine 23(15):1684-1688.

11. Sandhu, H.S., Boden S.D. (1998) Biologic Enhancement of Spinal Fusion. Orthop Clin North Am 29(4):621-31.

12. Girardi, F.P., Cammisa, F.P., Alvarez, L., Sandhu, H.S. (1998) Stereotactic Image Guidance Assisted Surgery of the Lumbar Spine. Congress of the International College of Surgeons 21:333-336, 1998

13. Girardi, F.P., Cammisa, F.P., Antonacci, A., Sandhu, H.S. (1998) Laparoscopic Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Threaded Allograft Bone Dowels. Congress of the International College of Surgeons 21:101-104.

14. Fineman, I., Johnson, J.P., Di-Patre, P-L, Sandhu, H.S. (1999) Chronic Renal Failure Causing Brown Tumors and Myelopathy. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine 90:242-246.

15. Meyer, R. A., Gruber, H.E., Howard, B.A., Tabor, O.B., Murakami, T., Kwiatkowski, T.C., Wozney, J.M., Hanley, E.N., Lane, J.M., Sandhu, H.S. (1999) Safety of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 After Spinal Laminectomy in the Dog Spine 24(8):747 - 754.

16. Wang, J.C., Yu, W.D., Sandhu, H.S., Betts, F., Bhuta, S., Delamarter, R.B. (1999) Metal Debris from Titanium Spinal Implants. Spine 24(9):899-903.

17. Duerinckx, A.J., Yu, W.D., El-Saden, S., Kim, D., Wang, J.C., Sandhu, H.S. (1999) MR Imaging of Cervical Spine Motion with HASTE. Magnetic Resonance Imaging,17(3):371-381.

18. Girardi, F.P., Cammisa, F.P., Sandhu, H.S., Tyndall, D. (1999) Posterior Decompression and Fusion with Lateral Mass Plate Fixation for the treatment of Cervical Stenosis Multilevel Myeloradiculopathy. Journal Of Spinal Cord Medicine 22:33.

19. Girardi F.P., Cammisa F.P. Jr, Sandhu, H.S., Alvarez L. (1999) The placement of lumbar pedicle screws using computerised stereotactic guidance. J Bone Joint Surg Br 81(5):825-9.

20. Sandhu, H.S., Grewal H.S., Parvataneni H. (1999) Bone Grafting for Spinal Fusion. Orthop Clin North Am 30(4):685-698.

21. Wang, J.C., Hatch, J.D., Sandhu, H.S., Delamarter, R.B. (1999) Emergent Flexion and Extension Radiographs in Acutely Injured Patients. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 365: 111-116.

22. Boden, S.D., Zdeblick, T.A., Sandhu, H.S., Heim, S. (2000) The Use of rhBMP-2 in Interbody Fusion Cages: Definitive Evidence of Osteoinduction in Humans. Spine 25(3):376-381.

23. Sandhu, H.S. (2000) Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Osteoinductive Growth Factors. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 371:56-60.

24. Khan, S.N., Sandhu, H.S., Parvataneni, H.K., Girardi, F.P., Cammisa, F.P. (2000) Bone graft substitutes in spine surgery. Bull Hosp Jt Dis 59(1):5-10.

25. Cammisa, F.P., Parvataneni, H.K., Girardi, F.P., Khan, S.N., Sandhu, H.S. (2000) Computerized frameless stereotactic image-guided spinal surgery. Bull Hosp Jt Dis 59(1):17-26.

26. Diwan, A.D., Parvataneni, H.K., Khan, S.N., Sandhu, H.S., Girardi, F.P., Cammisa, F.P. (2000) Current Concepts in Intervertebral Disc Restoration. Orthop Clin North Am 31(3):453-464.

27. Khan, S.N., Hidaka, C., Sandhu, H.S., Girardi, F.P., Cammisa, F.P., Diwan, A.D. (2000) Gene Therapy for Spine Fusion. Orthop Clin North Am 31(3):473-484.

28. Sandhu, H.S., Sanchez-Caso, L.P., Parvataneni, H.K., Cammisa, F.P., Girardi, F.P., Ghelman, B. (2000) Association Between Findings of Provocative Discography and Vertebral Endplate Signal Changes As Seen on MRI. Journal of Spinal Disorders 13(5): 438-443.

29. Cammisa, F.P., Girardi, F.P., Sangani, P.K., Parvataneni, H.K., Cadag, S., Sandhu, H.S. (2000) Incidental durotomy in spine surgery. Spine 25(20):2663-2667.

30. Cammisa, F.P., Girardi, F.P., Antonacci, A., Sandhu, H.S., Parvateneni, H.K., (2001) Laparoscopic transperitoneal anterior lumbar interbody fusion with cylindrical threaded cortical allograft bone dowels. Orthopaedics 24(3): 235-239.

31. Bostrom M.P., Yang X., Kennan M., Sandhu H., Dicarlo E., Lane J.M.. (2001) An unexpected outcome during testing of commercially available demineralized bone graft materials: how safe are the nonallograft components? Spine 26(13):1425-8.

32. Girardi, F.P., Cammisa, F.P., Sangani, P.K., Parvateneni, H.K., Khan, S.N., Grewal, H., Sandhu, H.S. (2001) Sudden sensorineural hearing loss after spinal surgery under general anesthesia. J Spinal Disord 14(2): 180-183

33. Girardi F.P., Parvataneni H.K., Sandhu H.S., Cammisa F.P. Jr, Grewal H., Schneider R., Lane J.M. (2001) Correlation between vertebral body rotation and two-dimensional vertebral bone density measurement.. Osteoporos Int. 12(9):738-40.

34. Sandhu, H.S., Khan, S.N., Suh, D., Boden, S.D. (2001) Demineralized bone matrix, bone morphogenetic proteins, and animal models of spine fusion. Eur Spine J. 10 Suppl 2:S122-31.

35. Khan, S.N., Sama, A., Sandhu, H.S. (2001) Bone graft substitutes in spine surgery. Curr Opinion in Orthopaedics, 12(3): 216-222.

36. Zheng F., Sandhu H.S., Cammisa F.P. Jr, Girardi F.P., Khan S.N. (2001) Predictors of functional outcome in elderly patients undergoing posterior lumbar spine surgery. J Spinal Disord. 14(6):518-21.

37. Sandhu H.S., Toth J.M., Diwan A.D., Seim H.B. 3rd, Kanim L.E., Kabo J.M., Turner A.S. (2002): Histologic evaluation of the efficacy of rhBMP-2 compared with autograft bone in sheep spinal anterior interbody fusion. Spine. 27(6):567-75.

38. Fraser J., Diwan A.D., Petersen M., O'Brien M.F., Mintz D., Khan S.N., Sandhu H.S. (2002); Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging screening for a surgical decision regarding the approach for anterior spine fusion at the cervicothoracic junction. Spine 27(7):675-81.

39. Zheng F., Cammisa F.P. Jr, Sandhu H.S., Girardi F.P., Khan S.N. (2002): Factors Predicting Hospital Stay, Operative Time, Blood Loss, and Transfusion in Patients Undergoing Revision Posterior Lumbar Spine Decompression, Fusion, and Segmental Instrumentation. Spine 27(8):818-824.

40. Dawson, E.G., Kanim, L.E., Sra, P., Dorey, F.J., Goldstein, T.B., Delamarter, R.B., Sandhu, H.S. (2002): Low back recollection versus concurrent accounts: outcomes analysis. Spine 27(9): 984-93.

41. Hidaka, C., Khan, S.N., Farmer, J.C., Sandhu, H.S. (2002): Gene Therapy for Spinal Applications. Orthop Clin of North Am 33(2): 439-446.

42. Khan, S.N., Sandhu, H.S., Lane, J.M., Cammisa, F.P., Girardi, F.P. (2002): Bone Morphogenetic Proteins: Biology and relevance in spine surgery. Orthop Clin of North Am 33(2): 447-463.

43. Sandhu H.S., Anderson D.G., Andersson G.B., Boden S.D., Damien C., Ebara S., Helm G., Lane J.M., McKay B., Seeherman H., Wozney J. (2002): Summary Statement: Alternative Delivery by Gene Therapy and Cost Justification of Bone Morphogenetic Proteins for Spine Fusion. Spine. 27(16 Suppl 1):S86.

44. McKay B., Sandhu H.S. (2002): Use of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 in Spinal Fusion Applications. Spine 27(16 Suppl 1):S66-S85.

45. Anderson D.G., Andersson G.B., Boden S.D., Damien C., Ebara S., Helm G., Lane J.M., McKay B., Sandhu H.S., Seeherman H., Wozney J. (2002): Clinical BMP Programs. Spine 27(16 Suppl 1):S49.

46. Sandhu H.S., Anderson D.G., Andersson G.B., Boden S.D., Damien C., Ebara S., Helm G., Lane J.M., McKay B., Seeherman H., Wozney J. (2002) Safety of Bone Morphogenetic Proteins for Spine Fusion. Spine 27(16 Suppl 1):S39.

47. Sandhu H.S., Khan S.N. (2002) Animal Models for Preclinical Assessment of Bone Morphogenetic Proteins in the Spine. Spine 27(16 Suppl 1):S32-S38.

48. Seeherman H., Anderson D.G., Andersson G.B., Boden S.D., Damien C., Ebara S., Helm G., Lane J.M., McKay B., Sandhu H.S., Wozney J. (2002) Biology of Spine Fusion, Bone Graft Substitutes, and the Burden of Proof. Spine 27(16 Suppl 1):S24-S25.

49. Helm G., Anderson D.G., Andersson G.B., Boden S.D., Damien C., Ebara S., Lane J.M., McKay B., Sandhu H.S., Seeherman H., Wozney J. (2002) Bone Morphogenetic Proteins: Basic Science. Spine 27(16 Suppl 1):S9.

50. Boden S.D., Andersson G.B., Anderson D.G., Damien C., Ebara S., Helm G., Lane J.M., McKay B., Sandhu H.S., Seeherman H., Wozney J. (2002) Overview of Bone Morphogenetic Proteins for Spine Fusion. Spine 27(16 Suppl 1):S1.

51. Kloen P., Khan, S.N., Farmer, J.C., Sandhu, H.S. Lane, J.M. (2002) Growth factors in bone healing. Semin Arthroplasty 13(3): 158-169.

52. Abjornson, C., Khan, S.N., Sandhu, H.S., Lane J.M. (2002) Demineralized bone matrices. Semin Arthroplasty 13(3): 175-180.

53. Boden S.D., Kang J., Sandhu H.S., Heller J.G. (2002) Use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 to achieve posterolateral lumbar spine fusion in humans: a prospective, randomized clinical pilot trial:2002 Volvo Award in Clinical Studies. Spine Dec 1;27(23):2662-73

54. Khan, S.N., Cammisa, F.P., Sandhu, H.S., Diwan. A.D., Girardi F.P., Lane, J.M. (2003) The biology of bone grafting. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. In press

55. Khan, S.N., Fraser. J., Sandhu, H.S., Cammisa, F.P., Girardi F.P., Lane, J.M. (2003) Use of osteoinductive growth factors, demineralized bone matrices and ceramics for the enhancement of spinal fusion. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. In press

56. Nord R., Sandhu. H.S., Khan, S.N., Diwan. A.D., (2003) Threaded cortical dowels in lumbosacral arthrodesis. Clin Ortho Rel Res. In press

57. Sandhu H.S., Khan, S.N. (2003) The use of rhBMP-2 in spinal fusion applications. J Bone and Joint Surg (A). In press.

Book Chapters
1. Muschler, G.F., Lane, J.M., Werntz, J., Gebhardt, M., Sandhu, H.S., Piergentili, C., Nottebaert, M., Baker, C., Burstein, A. (1989) Segmental Femoral Defect Model in the Rat, in Aebi, M. and Regazzoni, P. (ed.): Bone Transplantation, New York, Spinger.

2. Lane, J.M., Cornell, C.N., Werntz, J.R., Sandhu, H.S. (1991) Clinical Applications of Biosynthetics in Friedlaender, G.E. (ed): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Bone and Cartilage Allografts, Park Ridge, A.A.O.S.

3. Lane, J.M., Sandhu, H.S. (1996) Osteoporosis of the Spine in Garfin, S.R., and Vaccaro, A.R. (eds): Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Spine, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

4. Sandhu, H.S., Kanim, L.E.A., Girardi, F.P., Cammisa, F.P., Dawson, E.G. (1999) Animal Models of Spinal Instability and Spinal Fusion in An, Y.H. and Friedman, R.J. (ed): Animal Models in Orthopaedic Research, New York, CRC Press.

5. Sandhu, H.S., (2002) Anterior Cervical Corpectomy in Vacarro, A (ed): Spine Surgery: Tricks of the Trade, New York, Thieme Medical Publishers

Articles Written by Harvinder S. Sandhu, MD

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