Frank J. Schwab, MD's portrait
Frank J. Schwab, MD
Chief, Spinal Deformity Service
NYU-Hospital for Joint Diseases
New York, NY

About Frank J. Schwab, MD

Doctor Schwab is Chief of the Spinal Deformity Service at NYU-Hospital for Joint Diseases and Clinical Assistant Professor at the New York University School of Medicine. He is fully board certified and recognized for his expertise in complex pediatric and adult spinal surgery.

Dr. Schwab's clinical practice is focused on complex revision surgery (failed back, flatback), spinal deformity (scoliosis/kyphosis) and minimally invasive techniques. He is a leading member of the Spinal Deformity Study Group and sits on numerous committees of the Scoliosis Research Society.

Dr. Schwab regularly is invited to teach at surgeon's courses and presents original research at international meetings. His publications appear in the prestigious journals and textbooks of spinal surgery

Publications

1. Cohen, B., Schwab, F., Phillips, D.P., Chorney, G.C., Dick, H.M., Mow, V.C.: Microstructural tensile properties of the bovine distal femoral growth plate. Adv Bioengng, 17:9-12, 1990.

2. Schwab, F., D. Nazarian, F, Mahmud, C. Michelsen,: Effects of Instrumentation on Lumbosacral Fusion. Spine 20:2023-2028. 1995.

3. Acaraglou, F J Schwab, J-P. Farcy,: Simultaneous anterior and posterior approaches for correction of late deformity due to thoracolumbar fractures. Eur Spine J 5:56-62. 1996.

4. Farcy, J.P.C., M.D., Schwab, F., M.D. Simultaneous anterior and posterior surgical approaches for correction of the flatback deformity. Resonances Europeennes Du Rachis. No.12. October 1996.

5. Nagle, K,.M.D., Emerson, R., M.D., Adams, D., M.D., Heyer, E., M.D., Roye, D., M.D., Schwab, F., M.D., Weidenbaum, M., M.D., McCormick, P., M.D., Pile-Spellman, J., M.D., Stein, B., M.D., Farcy, J.P.C., M.D., Gallo, E., M.D., Dowling, K., M.D., Turner, C., M.D. Intraoperative monitoring of motor evoked potentials: a review of 116 cases. Neurology Vol.47: 999-1004, 1996.

6. Farcy, J.P.C., M.D., Schwab, F., M.D. Management of Flat Back and Related Kyphotic Decompensation Syndromes. Spine Vol.22, No.20: 2452-2457, 1997.

7. Schwab, F., Farcy, J-P, Roye, D.P.: Sagittal Pelvic Tilt Index as a Criteria in the Evaluation of Spondylolisthesis. Spine Vol.22, No.14: 1661-1667, 1997.

8. Pascal-Moussellard H, Klein JR, Schwab FJ, Farcy JP Simultaneous anterior and posterior approaches to the spine for revision surgery: current indications and techniques. J Spinal Disord 1999 Jun;12(3):206-13.

9. Farcy, JP.C., Schwab, F.J.: Posterior osteotomies with pedicle substraction for flatback and associated syndromes: technique and results of prospective study. Bull.Hosp Jt Dis 2000;59:11-6.

10. Schwab FJ; Smith V; Farcy JP.: Endoscopic thoracoplasty and anterior spinal release in scoliotic deformity". Bull.Hosp Jt Dis 2000;59(1):27-32.

11. Farcy, JP.C., Schwab, F.J.: Les osteotomies de correction des defauts d'alignment sagittal du rachis. Maitrise Ortho no.170:34-38. 2001.

12. Schwab, F.J.; Smith, V.;Gamez, L.; Pagala, M.; Farcy JP.C.: Adult Scoliosis: a quantitative radiographic and clinical review. Spine Vol 27, No.4: 387-392, 2002.

13. Farcy, JP; Schwab, F.J.; Benchikh, K.: Revison Surgery for Sagittal Malalignment: Treatment and a Focus on Etiopathology. European Spine Journal Vol 11 Supplement 1: S16-S17, 2002.

14. Dubey, A.; Schwab, F.J.; Benchikh, K.; Hwang, K.S.; Smith, V.; Farcy, JP: Classification of Scoliosis in the Adult Patient: A Preliminary Approach. European Spine Journal Vol 11 Supplement 1: S39-S40, 2002.

15. Schwab, F.J.; Smith, V.A.; Biserni, M.; Gamez, L.; Farcy, JP.C.; Pagla, M.; Adult Scoliosis A Quantitative Radiographic and Clinical Analysis. Spine. 27:387-392. 2002.

16. Schwab, F.J.; Dubey, A.; Pagla, M.; Gamez, L.; Farcy, JP.C.: Adult Scoliosis: A Health Assessment Analysis by SF-36. Spine 28(6): 602-606; 2003.

17. Schwab, F.J.; Benchikh, A.; Gamez, L.; Goodman, H.; Pagala, M.; Farcy, JP.: A Lumbar Classification of Scoliosis in the Adult Patient: preliminary approach. Spine. 2005 Jul 15;30(14):1670-3.

18. Schwab, F.J.; Benchikh, A.; Gamez, L.; Champaign, N.; Skalli, W.; Farcy, JP.: Center of Gravity and radiographic posture analysis: a preliminary review of adult volunteers and adult patients affected by scoliosis. Spine. 2005 Jul 1;30(13):1535-40.

19. Schwab, F.J.; Gamez, L.; Benchikh, A.; Dubey, A.; Hwang, K.; Pagala, M.; Farcy, JP.: Adult Scoliosis: prevalence, SF-36 and Nutritional Parameters in and elderly voluteer population. Spine 2005 May 1;30(9):1082-5.

20. Glassman S, Bridwell K, Berven S, Horton W, Schwab F: The Impact of Positive Sagittal Balance in Adult Spinal Deformity. Spine 2005 Sep 15;30(18):2024-9.

21. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Harrast J, Horton W. A clinical impact classification of scoliosis in the adult. Spine 2006 Aug 15;31(18):2109-14.

22. Frank Schwab, M.D., Virginie Lafage, Reid Boyce, M.D., Wafa Skalli, Jean-Pierre Farcy, M.D. Gravity Line analysis in adult volunteers: age-related correlation with spinal parameters, pelvic parameters and foot position. Spine 2006;31:E959-67.

23. Lowe T, Berven SH, Schwab FJ, et al. The SRS classification for adult spinal deformity: building on the King/Moe and Lenke classification systems. Spine 2006;31:S119-25.

24. Lafage V, Schwab F, Skalli W, et al. Standing Balance and Sagittal Plane Spinal Deformity: Analysis of spino-pelvic and gravity line parameters. Spine 2007;(in review).

25. Schwab F, Lafage V, Farcy JP, et al. Surgical rates and operative outcome analysis in thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult scoliosis: application of the new adult deformity classification. Spine 2007;(in review).

Proceedings of Meetings
1. Higgs, G., Schwab, F,. Weidenbaum, M., Farcy, J-P., Otter, M,. Ramakrishnan, H., Masiello, R.: Intraoperative determination of spine contour before and after correction of idiopathic scoliosis. American Orthopaedic Association Annual Residents Conference, Atlanta,1994.

2. Roye, D., Emerson, R.G., Gallo, E.J., Adams, D.C., Dowling, K.C., Schwab, F.J.: Monitoring of intra-operative MEPs during scoliosis and kyphosis surgery under controlled neuromuscular blockade. Presented at the 11th International G.I.C.D. Congress. Arcachon, France, May 1994.

3. Higgs, G., Schwab, F., Weidenbaum, M., Farcy, J-P.: Changes in spine contour during corrective surgery for idiopathic scoliosis. Presented at the New York Pediatric Orthopaedic Society Residents Night. 1994.

4. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Surgical correction of the flatback. Presented at the GCC annual congress, Dubai, UAE. 1994.

5. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Management of Thoracolumbar spine fractures. Presented at the GCC annual congress, Dubai, UAE. 1994.

6. Schwab, F., Nazarian, D., Mahmud, F., Higgs, G., Michelsen, C.: Effects of Instrumentation on Lumbosacral Fusion. North American Spine Society Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota. October,1994.

7. Mahmud, F., Nazarian, D., Schwab, F.: The "Cyclops" lesion as a cause of extension loss following arthroscopic ACL reconstruction. Arthroscopy Association of North America Annual Meeting, 1995, San Francisco.

8. Farcy, J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Posterior Segmental Fixation Including the Sacrum: CCD International course on Advance Spine Techniques Temple University, Scoliosis Research Society and German Society for Spine Surgery. Curacao, April 1995.

9. Schwab, F., Nazarian, D., Mahmud, F., Higgs, G., Michelsen, C.: Effects of Instrumentation on Lumbosacral Fusion. New York and New Jersey combined Orthopaedic Society annual meeting, Aruba. April, 1995.

10. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Surgical Realignment for Flatback and associated syndromes. New York and New Jersey combined Orthopaedic Society annual meeting, Aruba. April, 1995.

11. Schwab, F., Nazarian, D., Mahmud, F., Michelsen, C.: Effects of Instrumentation on Lumbosacral Fusion. American Orthopaedic Association Annual Residents conference, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 1995.

12. Mahmud, F., Nazarian, D., Schwab, F.: The "Cyclops" lesion as a cause of extension loss following arthroscopic ACL reconstruction. American Orthopaedic Association Annual Residents conference, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 1995.

13. Schwab, F., Nazarian, D., Mahmud, F., Michelsen, C.: Instrumentation in Lumbosacral Fusion. International Society for Study of the Lumbar Spine Annual Meeting, June, 1995. Helsinki, Finland.

14. Roye, D., Schwab, F., Emerson, F., Adams, D.: Monitoring of intra-operative MEPs during scoliosis and kyphosis surgery under controlled neuromuscular blockade. Annual meeting of the European Pediatric Orthopaedic Society. 1995.Brussels, Belgium.

15. Schwab, F., Mahmud, F., Weidenbaum, M.: Indication for Anterior and Posterior Spinal fusion in Scoliosis. Presented at the Scoliosis Society Meeting, June, 1995. New York.

16. Roye, D., Schwab, F., Deckey, J., Nagle, K., Emerson, F., Adams, D.: Applications of MEP in Scoliosis and Kyphosis Surgery. Presented at the 6th International Symposium on Spinal Cord Monitoring. June, 1995. New York.

17. Roye, D., Schwab, F., Emerson, R., Gallo, E., Adams, D.: Monitoring of intra-operative MEPs during scoliosis and kyphosis surgery under controlled neuromuscular blockade. Annual meeting of the North American Spine Society. October, 1995. Washington, D.C.

18. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Realignment for Flatback and associated syndromes. Annual meeting of the North American Spine Society. October,1995. Washington, D.C.

19. Mahmud, F., Nazarian, D., Schwab, F.: The "Cyclops" lesion as a cause of extension loss following arthroscopic ACL reconstruction. Annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons Annual, Atlanta, 1995.

20. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Fractures of the Spine: The management of Post-traumatic Kyphosis. The fifth BOTA Symposium, Liege, Belgium. March 30, 1996.

21. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Management of Thoracolumbar Spine Fractures. New Jersey Orthopaedic Society. Annual Spring Meeting. Nevis, West Indies. April 16, 1996.

22. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Late complications of Thoracolumbar Fractures. Fourth International congress on Spine Surgery. Izmir, Turkey. May 26, 1996.

23. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Swan neck deformity. Cervical Spine Research Society, Twelfth Annual Meeting. Nice, France. June 5, 1996.

24. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Management of Flatback and Related Kyphotic Decompensation Syndromes. Scoliosis Research Society. Thirty-first Annual Meeting. Ottowa, Ontario, Canada. September 25, 1996.

25. Schwab, F., Farcy, J-P., Roye, D.: The Sagittal Pelvic Tilt Index as a Criteria in the Evaluation of spondylolisthesis. Eleventh Annual Conference of the North American Spine Society. Vancouver, B.C. Canada. October 23, 1996.

26. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Post-traumatic kyphosis. Ideal contour of the fused Spine. Surgery in idiopathic scoliosis. Surgery of Spinal Deformity. The sagittal plane, the most important plane? Thirtieth World Congress of the International College of Surgeons. Kyoto, Japan. November 26, 1996.

27. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Realignment for Flatback and related syndromes. Presented at the Annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. February 13-16, 1997. San Francisco, California.

28. Schwab, F., Deckey, J., Roye, D., Farcy, J-P., Emmerson, R.: Intra-operative Motor-evoked Potentials during Scoliosis and Kyphosis Surgery under controlled neuromuscular blockade. February 13-16, 1997. San Francisco, California.

29. Farcy, J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Iatrogenic Disorders of the Lumbosacral Spine. 2nd International ARGOS Meeting. Paris, France. February 6, 1998.

30. Schwab, F., Klein, J., Farcy, D., Hoffman, B., Farcy, J-P., Schechter, C.: Sagittal Plane Pelvic Rotation: A compensatory mechanism in spinal deformity. Annual Meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society. September, 1999.

31. Schwab, F.J., Gamez, L., Levine, E., Farcy, J-P., Strongwater, A.: Pain Predictors in Adult Scoliosis: a quantitative radiographic and clinical analysis. Annual Meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society. San Diego. September, 1999.

32. Schwab, F.J., Gamez, L., Levine, E., Farcy, J-P., Strongwater, A.: Pain Predictors in Adult Scoliosis: a quantitative radiographic and clinical analysis. Annual Meeting of the North American Spine Society. Chicago. October, 1999.

33. Schwab, F.J., Gamez, L., Farcy, J-P.: Adult Scoliosis: an analysis by SF-36. Annual Meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society. Cleveland. October, 2001.

34. Schwab F.J., Farcy JP.C., Hwang K.: Classification of scoliosis in the adult patient: a preliminary approach. Annual meeting of the Alumni Association of NYU-Hospital for Joint Diseases Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. October, 2001.

35. Schwab, F.J.: Adult Scoliosis: classification based upon pain indicators. Annual Chicago Meeting, GICD-USA. Chicago, December, 2001.

36. Farcy, J.P., Schwab, F.J.: Revision Surgery for Sagittal Malalignment: Treatment and a Focus on Etiopathology. 9th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. Montreux, Switzerland. May 23-25, 2002.

37. Schwab, F.J., Farcy, J.P.: Unilateral approach for TLIF in the revision setting: preliminary review. 9th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. Montreux, Switzerland. May 23-25, 2000.

38. Schwab, F.J., Hoffman, B.D., Klein, J.R., Chrostowsky, L., Vigorita, V.A., Pagala, M., Farcy, J-P.C. The Turkey as an Animal Model for Osteoarthrosis of the Lumbar Spine. American Orthopaedic Association, Resident's Research Conference, St. Louis, MO, February 2000.

39. Schwab, F.J., Hoffman, B.D., Klein, J.R., Chrostowsky, L., Vigorita, V.A., Pagala, M., Farcy, J-P.C., The Turkey as an Animal Model for Osteoarthrosis of the Lumbar Spine. International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine, Kona, HI, USA. June 1999.

40. Schwab, F.J. Force Plate/Image Acquisition in Adult Scoliosis. Spinal Deformity Study Group, Spinal Deformity Study Group, Chicago, IL, USA. December 12-15, 2002.

41. Schwab, F.J. Radiographic Positioning Analysis in Adult Deformity. Spinal Deformity Study Group, Chicago, IL, USA. December 12-15, 2002.

42. Schwab F.J., Fegoun, A.; Gamez. J.; Farcy JP.C.: Classification of scoliosis in the adult patient: a preliminary approach. Worldspine II. Chicago, IL, USA. August 10-13, 2003.

43. Fegoun. A.; DePeretti, F.; Schwab, F.; Farcy, JP., Argenson. C.: Classification of lower cervical trauma: a prospective multicenter study of 284 cases. Worldspine II. Chicago, IL, USA. August 10-13, 2003.

44. Fegoun. A.; Schwab, F.; DePeretti, F.; Farcy, JP., Argenson. C.: Diagnostic delay in lower cervical trauma: a prospective multicenter study of 284 cases. Worldspine II. Chicago, IL, USA. August 10-13, 2003.

45. Schwab, F.; Dubey, A.; Fegoun, A.; Gamez, L.; Hwang, K.; Farcy, JP.: Adult scoliosis: prevalence, SF-36 and nutritional parameters in an elderly volunteer population. Worldspine II. Chicago, IL, USA. August 10-13, 2003.

46. Benchikh A.; Schwab, F.; DePeretti, F.; Farcy, JP., Argenson. C.: Diagnostic delay in lower cervical trauma: a prospective multicenter study of 284 cases. Spine across the Sea. Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 27-31, 2003.

47. Benchikh A.; Gamez, L.; Champain, N.; Schwab, F.; Skalli, W.; Farcy, J-P.: Posture Analysis and Center of Gravity Assessment: A Preliminary review of adult volunteers and adult scoliosis patient. Annual meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society. Quebec, Canada. September 11-13, 2003.

48. Schwab, F.; Benchikh A.; Farcy, J-P.: Force Plate analysis and scoliosis - importance of the gravity line. Spine Deformity Study Group. Chicago December 11-13, 2003.

49. Schwab, F.; Farcy, J-P.; Harrast, J.; Ferguson, M.: Adult Scoliosis Classification - Multicenter analysis. Spinal Deformity Study Group. Chicago December 11-13, 2003.

50. Schwab, FJ; Farcy, J-PC; Farcy, D; Gamez, L; Pagala, M; Une analyse quantitative, radiologique et clinique de la scoliose chez l'adulte avec un essai preliminaire de classification. Annual Meeting of the Groupe d'Etude sur la Scoliose. Bruxelles, March 11-13, 2004.

51. Schwab, F.; Farcy, J-P.; Harrast, J.; Ferguson, M.: Adult Scoliosis: a preliminary classification. Spinal Deformity Study Group. Miami, April 2004.

52. Schwab, F.; Romeyer C.; Benchikh A.; Farcy, J-P.: Force Plate technology: the Zebris/rotation platform system. Spinal Deformity Study Group. Miami, April 2004.

53. Benchikh El Fegoun, A; Schwab, F.; Gamez, L.; Champain, N.; Skalli, W.; Farcy, J-P.: Radiographic and Center of Gravity Analysis: Correlation with Pain and SF-36 Scores in the Setting of Adult Scoliosis. IMAST, Bermuda , June 2004.

54. Schwab, F.; Farcy, J-P.; Berven, S.; Bridwell, K.; Ferguson, M.; Glassman, S.; Harrast, J.; Horton, W.: Deformity Apex, Lordosis, Olisthesis in Adult Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Scoliosis: Correlation with Disability. A Multi-Center Radiographic and Health Status Analysis. IMAST, Bermuda , June 2004.

55. Obeidat, M.; Schwab, F.; Goodman, H.; Farcy, J-P.: TLIF in the Revision Setting: Peri-operative Safety and 2-year Outcome. IMAST, Bermuda , June 2004.

56. Horton, W.; Bridwell, K.; Glassman, S.; Berven, S.; Hu, S.; Schwab, F.; DeWald, C.; Kostuik, J.: The Morbidity of Anterior Exposure for Spinal Deformity in Adults: An Analysis of Patient-Based Outcomes and Complications in 61 Consecutive Cases. IMAST, Bermuda , June 2004.

57. Schwab, F.; Farcy, J-P.; Berven, S.; Glassman, S.; Bridwell, K.; Horton, W.; Harrast, J.; Ferguson, M.: Deformity apex, thoracolumbar alignment determine disability in adult major thoracic scoliosis: A multi-center radiographic and health status analysis. Annual Meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 2004.

58. Schwab, F.; Farcy, J-P.; Berven, S.; Bridwell, K.; Ferguson, M.; Glassman, S.; Harrast, J.; Horton, W.: Importance of deformity apex in Adult Lumbar Scoliosis: a multi-center radiographic and health status analysis. Annual Meeting of the North American Spine Society, Chicago, IL October, 2004.

59. Schwab, F.; Farcy, J-P.; Berven, S.; Bridwell, K.; Ferguson, M.; Glassman, S.; Harrast, J.; Horton, W.: A comprehensive clinical impact classification for Adult Scoliois. Spinal Deformity Study Group meeting San Diego, CA. April, 2005.

60. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Berven S, Glassman S, Bridwell K, Horton W. Deformity apex, lordosis and olisthesis in adult scoliosis: correlation with disability. A multi center radiographic and health status analysis. ISSLS 2005, May 10-14, New York.

61. El Fegoun AB, Schwab F, Boyce R, Petracchi M, Farcy JP. Radiographic and center of gravity analysis: Correlation with pain and SF-36 scores in the setting of adult scoliosis. ISSLS 2005, May 10-14, New York.

62. Schwab F, Boyce R, Romeyer C, Goodman H, Petracchi M, Farcy JP. Center of Gravity analysis in adult volunteers. Age-related correlation with spinal parameters and foot position. IMAST 2005, July 7-9, Banff, Alberta, Canada.

63. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Berven S, Glassman S, Bridwell K, Horton W. Deformity apex, lordosis and olisthesis in Adult Scoliosis: correlation with disability. A multi-center radiographic and health status analysis. World Spine 2005, July 31-August 3, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

64. Goodman H, Schwab F, Petracchi M, Obeidat M, Boyce R, Farcy JP Influence of Spacer Position on Sagital Alignment in Instrumented Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion. World Spine 2005, July 31-August 3, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

65. Goodman H, Schwab F, Petracchi M, Boyce R, Farcy JP Influence of Spacer Position on Sagital Alignment in Instrumented Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion. NASS 2005, September 28 - October 1, Philadelphia, USA.

66. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Horton W, et al. Intervertebral subluxation, lumbar lordosis but not cobb angle correlate with surgical rates in adult thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis. A multi-center analysis. NASS 2005, September 28 - October 1, Philadelphia, USA.

67. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Harrast J, et al. A clinical impact classification of scoliosis in the adult. A multi-center clinical and radiographic analysis. SRS 2005, October 27-30, Miami, Florida, USA.

68. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Harrast J, et al. Intervertebral subluxation, lumbar lordosis but not cobb angle correlate with surgical rates in adult thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis. A multi-center analysis. SRS 2005, October 27-30, Miami, Florida, USA.

69. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Harrast J, Horton W. A clinical impact classification of scoliosis in the adult. A multi-center clinical and radiographic analysis. NYU-Hospital for Joint Diseases, Alumini Association 2005 Meeting, October 20-21, New York, NY, USA.

70. Schwab F. Anterior release and posterior spinal fusion with hooks or screws placed in hook configuration. NYU-Hospital for Joint Diseases, Alumini Association 2005 Meeting, October 20-21, New York, NY, USA.

71. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, R. Boyce, F. Rubio, F. Schwab and J. P. Farcy. "Gravity line and spino-pelvic parameters: Age related changes among asymptomatic adult volunteers." Scoliosis Research Society, Monterey, CA. (2006).

72. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, R. Boyce, F. Rubio, W. Skalli and J. P. Farcy. "Gravity line and spino-pelvic parameters: Age related changes among asymptomatic adult volunteers." International Phillip Zorab Symposium, Oxford, UK. (2006).

73. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, F. Rubio and J. P. Farcy. "Ligne de gravité et déséquilibre sagittal." Societe Francaise de Chirurgie du Rachis, Dijon, France. (2006).

74. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, F. Rubio and J. P. Farcy. "Impact of sagittal plane spinal deformity on the spino-pelvic relationship and gravity line position in adults." Scoliosis Research Society, Monterey, CA. (2006).

75. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, F. Rubio and J. P. Farcy. "Impact of sagittal plane spinal deformity on the spino-pelvic relationship and gravity line position in adults." International Phillip Zorab Symposium, Oxford, UK. (2006).

76. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, F. Rubio, W. Skalli and J. P. Farcy. "Ligne de gravité et paramètres pelviens: Vieillissement du sujet asymptomatique." Societe Francaise de Chirurgie du Rachis, Dijon, France. (2006).

77. Francisco Rubio, V. Lafage, F. Schwab and J. P. Farcy. "Spinal balance and force plate analysis: Repeatability analysis in volunteers." International Phillip Zorab Symposium, Oxford, UK. (2006).

78. Frank Schwab, J.P. Farcy, K. Bridwell, S. Berven, S. Glassman, W. Horton, M. Shainline. "Surgical treatment analysis of 809 thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult deformity cases by a new adult scoliosis classification system". International Society for the study of the Lumbar Spine, Bergen, Norway. (2006).

79. Frank Schwab, J.P. Farcy, K. Bridwell, S. Berven, S. Glassman, W. Horton, . Shainline. "Surgical treatment analysis of 809 thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult deformity cases by a new adult scoliosis classification system". International Phillip Zorab Symposium, Oxford, UK. (2006).

80. Frank Schwab, J.P. Farcy, K. Bridwell, S. Berven, S. Glassman, W. Horton, . Shainline. "Surgical treatment analysis of 809 thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult deformity cases by a new adult scoliosis classification system". Scoliosis Research Society, Monterey, CA. (2006).

81. Frank Schwab, J.P. Farcy, K. Bridwell, S. Berven, S. Glassman, W. Horton, M. Shainline. "Outcomes of Surgical treatment for thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult deformity: a review of 339 cases.". International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Athens, Greece. (2006).

82. Frank Schwab, J.P. Farcy, K. Bridwell, S. Berven, S. Glassman, W. Horton, M. Shainline. "Outcomes of Surgical treatment for thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult deformity: a review of 339 cases.". International Phillip Zorab Symposium, Oxford, UK. (2006)

Reviews and Educationally Relevant Publications
1. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Post traumatic kyphosis. Proper Contour of the fused spine. The evaluation of spondylolisthesis. The sagittal plane, the most important plane? Thoracolumbar trauma, concepts of surgical management. Metastatic tumor surgery, can we justify it? Surgery in Idiopathic scoliosis. Presented at the Fourth North European Spine Course for Surgeons. Nottingham, England. September 2, 1996.

2. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Prevention and management of post-traumatic kyphosis. GICD course. Ottowa, Canada. September 25, 1996.

3. Farcy, J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Ideal Contour of the Fused Spine Backtalk, The Scoliosis Association, Inc. Vol. 20, No. 1. January/February 1997.

4. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Realignment for Flatback and Associated Syndromes. Consensus Conference, Lumbar Fusion. Group International Cotrel-Dubousset. Cortina D'Ampezzo, Italy. January 20, 1997.

5. Farcy, J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Ideal Contour of the Fused Spine. Backtalk, The Scoliosis Association, Inc. Vol. 20, No. 1. January/February 1997.

6. Farcy J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Thoracolumbar trauma: Challenge of Fixation in elderly patient. Deformities: Decompensation induced by surgery. Combined procedure: staging and timing. Degenerative lumbar spine: Sagittal balance and iatrogenic flatback. 67th AO/ASIF Advance Spine Course. Davos Platz, Switzerland. December 14, 1997.

7. Farcy J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Sagittal alignment in the management of adult scoliosis. Spinal osteotomy: closing wedge, opening wedge or pedicle subtraction? Sacral fixation: indications, techniques and results. Perspectives - L4- L5 fusions - open vs. endoscopic: Open. GICD-USA. Beaver, CO. January 18, 1998.

8. Farcy J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Consensus Conference the Revision Surgery. Revision surgery for thoraco-lumbar injuries and for lumbo-sacral degenerative spine problems. GICD. Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy. January 26, 1998.

9. Farcy, J.P.C., Schwab, F.J.: Restoration of Sagittal Alignment for Iatrogenic Flat-Back. The Alumni Association of the NYU-HJD Orthopaedic Surgery. The 1998 Alumni Scientific Meeting. October 22,23, 1998.

10. Schwab, F.J., Singh, K., Farcy, J.P.C.: Unilateral Approach to Posterior Lumbar Interbody in the Revision Setting. The Alumni Association of the NYU-HJD Orthopaedic Surgery. The 2002 Alumni Scientific Meeting. October 18, 2002.

11. Schwab, F.J.: The Transforamenal Lumbar Interbody Fusion technique: Medtronic Sofamor Danek/Spinal Associates Cadaver Spine Surgery Program. October 9, 2002.

12. Schwab F.J., Farcy J-P.C.: Revision Surgery in the setting of Adult Scoliosis. Backtalk, The Scoliosis Association, Inc.. Vol 26 (2). 2003.

13. Schwab F.J., Farcy J-P.C.: Spinal fungal osteomyelitis with kyphosis. Spinal Frontiers. Vol 1(2). June 2003.

14. Schwab F.J., Farcy J-P.C.: Spinal fungal osteomyelitis with kyphosis. Spinal Frontiers. Vol 1(2). June 2003.

15. Schwab F, Lafage V, Farcy JP: Evaluating Spinal Balance and Center of Gravity in Spinal Deformity. Spinal Deformity Study Group, Instructional course, Saint Louis 2005.

16. Schwab F, Lafage V, Farcy JP: The Kyphosing Spine:Presentation, evaluation, indications and goals of treatment Global Spine, New York, december 2005.

17. Schwab F, Farcy JP: TLIF and minimally invasive lumbar fusion options: indications, techniques, outcomes. Are these options superior to current artificial disc options. Spine Course, Beaver creek 2005.ppt.

18. Schwab F, Lafage V, Farcy JP: Sagittal plane considerations in treating pathologies of the aging spine Spinal Focus, December 8-9, 2006 - New York, NY.

19. Schwab F, Lafage V, Farcy JP: Classification of Spinal Deformity in the Adult. February 26-28, 2007 - Las Vegas.

20. Schwab F: When to operate on Adult Scoliosis patients and when to say No. SRS Course September 13-16, 2006 - Monterey, California

Books and Monographs
1. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Compact Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation, in Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Fixation. Ed. J.Y. Marguiles, Y. Floman, J-P. C. Farcy, M.G. Neuwirth. Lippincott-Raven. Philadelphia. 1996.

2. Farcy, J-P., Schwab, F.: Limits of Lumbosacral Fusion, in Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Fixation. Ed. J.Y. Marguiles, Y. Floman, J-P. C. Farcy, M.G. Neuwirth. Lippincott-Raven. Philadelphia. 1996.

3. Farcy, J.P.C., Schwab, F.: Considerations for Fusion in the Lumbosacral Spine. Philadelphia, Hanley & Belfus, Inc. Vol. 11, No.1. January 1997.

4. Pascal-Moussellard, H., Schwab, F., Farcy, J-P.: Fixed Pelvic Obliquity: A Treatment Approach. SPINE: State of the Art Reviews-Philadelphia, Hanley&Belfus, Inc.Vol. 12, No.1, January 1998.

5. Klein, J.R., Schwab, F.J., Farcy, J-P.C.: Posttraumatic Kyphosis: Rationale and experience with simultaneous anterior/posterior technique. SPINE: Start of the Art Reviews, Philadelphia, Hanley&Belfus, Inc.Vol 12 (3), Sept 1998.

6. Schwab, F.J., Klein, J.R., Farcy, J-P.C.: Simultaneous Anterior and Posterior Approaches to the spine for revision surgery: Current indications and techniques. In: J.Y. Marguiles, M. Aebi, J-P. Farcy editors: Revision Spine Surgery, St. Louis, 1999 , Mosby, pp 167-174.

7. Klein, J.R., Schwab, F.J., Farcy, J-P.C.: Revisions of Thoracolumbar fractures treated surgically: Posttraumatic Kyphosis. In: J.Y. Marguiles, M. Aebi, J-P. Farcy editors: Revision Spine Surgery, St. Louis, 1999 , Mosby, pp 330-341.

8. Schwab, F.J., Farcy, J-P.C.: Flat Back Syndrome and Related Kyphotic Decompensation Syndromes. In: J.Y. Marguiles, M. Aebi, J-P. Farcy editors: Revision Spine Surgery, St. Louis, 1999 , Mosby, pp 681-691.

9. Schwab, F.J., Farcy, J-P.C.: Rationale for Realignment surgery for the Spine. In: J.Y. Marguiles, M. Aebi, J-P. Farcy editors: Revision Spine Surgery, St. Louis, 1999 , Mosby, pp 746-751.

10. Matiyahu, A., Klein, J., Schwab, F.: Osteoporotic Fractures of the Spine. In: Vaccaro, Albert, ed. Master Cases: Spine surgery, pp262-268. New York. Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 2001.

11. Farcy, J-P.C., Hoffman, B.D., Schwab, F.: Fixed Pelvic Obliquity. In: Vaccaro, Albert, ed. Master Cases: Spine surgery, pp426-434. New York. Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 2001.

12. Schwab, F., Petracchi, M., Farcy, J-P.: Considerations for reducing complications in spinal deformity surgery. In: Errico, Moulton, Lonner, ed. Essential Concepts of Spinal Deformity Surgery. Elsevier Science. In press.

Posters
1. Schwab, F.J., Klein, J.R., Farcy, D., Hoffman, B., Farcy, J-P.C., Schechter, C.: Sagittal Plane Pelvic Rotation: A compensatory mechanism in spinal deformity. Poster Presentation. Annual Meeting of the International Society of Study of the Lumbar Spine. June, 1999.

2. Hwang, K., Schwab, F.J., Smith, V., Pagala, M., Farcy, J-P.: Classification of scoliosis in the adult patient: a preliminary approach. Poster presentation. Annual Meeting of the North American Spine Society. Seattle. November, 2001.

3. Schwab, F.J., Farcy, J-P.: Unilateral approach posterior lumbar interbody fusion in the revision setting. Worldspine II. Chicago, IL, USA. August 10-13, 2003.

4. Schwab, F.; Dubey, A.; Fegoun, A.; Gamez, L.; Hwang, K.; Farcy, JP.: Adult scoliosis: prevalence, SF-36 and nutritional parameters in an elderly volunteer population. Spine across the Sea. Maui, Hawaii, USA. July 27-31, 2003.

5. Goodman, HG.; Williams, CA.; Obeidat, M.; Benchikh, K.; Pagala, M.; Schwab, F.: Classification of implant placement following TLIF: An inter-observer and intra-observer reliability study.

6. Obeidat, M.; Schwab, F.; Goodman, H.; Farcy JP.: One to two level TLIF in the Revision setting: peri-operative safety and 2-year outcome. IMAST, Bermuda , June 2004.

7. Glassman S, Bridwell K, Berven S, Horton W, Schwab F: The Impact of Positive Sagittal Balance in Adult Spinal Deformity. North American Spine Society, Chicago, Illinois, October 27, 2004.

8. Glassman S, Bridwell K, Berven S, Horton W, Schwab F: The impact of positive sagittal balance in adult spinal deformity. Annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Washington, February 23 - 27, 2005.

9. Schwab F, Romeyer C, Boyce R, Goodman H, Petracchi M, Pagala M, et al. Center of gravity assessment on force plate demonstrates shift with increasing age. ISSLS 2005, May 10-14, New York.

10. Goodman H, Obeidat M, Petracchi M, Rodriquez G, Pagala M, Schwab F, et al. Classification of implant placement following TLIF: An inter-observer and intra-observer reliability study. ISSLS 2005, May 10-14, New York.

11. Schwab F, Goodman H, Petracchi M, Rodriquez G, Obeidat M, Boyce R, et al. TLIF in the revision setting: peri-operative safety and 2 year outcome. ISSLS 2005, May 10-14, New York.

12. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Harrast J, et al. A clinical impact classification of scoliosis in the adult. A multi-center clinical and radiographic analysis. IMAST 2005, July 7-9, Banff, Alberta, Canada.

13. Schwab F, Farcy JP, Bridwell K, Berven S, Glassman S, Harrast J, et al. Intervertebral subluxation, lumbar lordosis but not cobb angle correlate with surgical rates in adult thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis. A multi-center analysis. IMAST 2005, July 7-9, Banff, Alberta, Canada.

14. Schwab F, Boyce R, Goodman H, Petracchi M, Romeyer C, Pagala M, et al. Center of Gravity analysis in adult volunteers: age-related offsets from spinal landmarks and heel position. World Spine 2005, July 31-August 3, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

15. Goodman H, Petracchi M, Obeidat M, Rodriquez G, Boyce R, Pagala M, et al. Classification of implant placement following Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion. World Spine 2005, July 31-August 3, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

16. El Fegoun AB, Schwab F, Boyce R, Petracchi M, Farcy JP Radiographic and center of gravity analysis: Correlation with pain and SF-36 scores in the setting of adult scoliosis. World Spine 2005, July 31-August 3, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

17. Schwab F, Petracchi M, Goodman H, Boyce R, Obeidat M, Rodriquez G, et al. TLIF in the revision setting: peri-operative safety and 2-year outcome. World Spine 2005, July 31-August 3, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

18. Schwab F, Petracchi M, Goodman H, Rodriquez G, Obeidat M, Boyce R, et al. TLIF in the revision setting: peri-operative safety and 2-year outcome. NASS 2005, September 28 - October 1, Philadelphia, USA.

19. Schwab F, Boyce R, Goodman H, Petracchi M, Romeyer C, Pagala M, et al. Center of Gravity analysis in adult volunteers: age-related offsets from spinal landmarks and heel position. SRS 2005, October 27-30, Miami, Florida, USA.

20. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, R. Boyce, F. Rubio, W. Skalli and J. P. Farcy. "Gravity line and spino-pelvic parameters: Age related changes among asymptomatic adult volunteers." International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Athens, Greece. (2006).

21. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, F. Rubio and J. P. Farcy. "Impact of sagittal plane spinal deformity on the spino-pelvic relationship and gravity line position in adults." International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Athens, Greece. (2006).

22. Virginie Lafage, F. Schwab, F. Rubio, W. Skalli and J. P. Farcy. "Correlation between the gravity line and spino-pelvic parameters in asymptomatic volunteers and scoliotic patients." International Society for the study of the Lumbar Spine, Bergen, Norway. (2006).

23. Francisco Rubio, V. Lafage, F. Schwab and J. P. Farcy. "Inter- and intra-subject correlation of center of pressure measurements acquired using a force plate device." International Society for the study of the Lumbar Spine, Bergen, Norway. (2006).

24. Frank Schwab, J.P. Farcy, K. Bridwell, S. Berven, S. Glassman, W. Horton, M. Shainline. "Surgical treatment analysis of 809 thoracolumbar and lumbar major adult deformity cases by a new adult scoliosis classification system." International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), Athens, Greece. (2006).

Case Studies Presented by Frank J. Schwab, MD

Flatback following Non-instrumented Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Surgery

Presented by: F. Schwab MD

This case of a middle-aged female, who underwent non-instrumented fusion to treat scoliosis, illustrates classic flatback syndrome.

Sagittal Imbalance following Previous Surgery

Presented by: F. Schwab MD

This case illustrates the complex nature of sagittal spinal imbalance including a shift in her center sacral line secondary to multi-level degenerative lumbar discs.

Financial Disclosures

SpineUniverse, a Vertical Health, LLC website, is committed to ensuring that the medical information it presents is accurate, balanced, objective, and trustworthy. 

To help achieve this goal, SpineUniverse requires all authors, editors, and reviewers to disclose any financial relationships or affiliations they have with companies whose products or services may be mentioned in the content they author, edit, or review.

The intent of this policy is to identify any perceived, potential, or real conflicts of interest so that readers can make their own judgments about the value of information being presented.

Author's Statement

I, or an immediate family member, have a financial interest(s) or affiliation(s) with the following commercial companies whose products and / or services may be mentioned in the materials I have authored, edited or reviewed for presentation on Vertical Health, LLC’s websites.

Disclosed Relationships

Grants/Research Support
DePuy Spine, Medtronic Sofamor Danek
Consultant
DePuy Spine, Medtronic Sofamor Danek
Stock/Shareholder
Nemaris
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