Timothy R. Kuklo, MD, JD's portrait
Timothy R. Kuklo, MD, JD
Orthopaedic Surgeon
Colorado Comprehensive Spine Institute
Englewood, CO

About Timothy R. Kuklo, MD, JD

Timothy R. Kuklo, MD, JD, a specialist in cervical spine and spinal deformity. His clinical interests include cervical spine, pediatric and adult spinal deformity, spinal tumors and spine trauma. His research interests include spine biomechanics, bone graft substitutes (including fracture healing and spine fusion surgery), particularly recombinant human bone morphogenic proteins, spinal deformity, management of spine trauma, and radiographic process measures and digitization.

A graduate of the United State Military Academy at West Point, Dr. Kuklo earned his medical degree from the University of Connecticut followed by a law degree from Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, DC He completed a transitional internship and a residency in orthopaedic surgery at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, DC, followed by a fellowship in pediatric and adult spine surgery at Washington University School of Medicine. He then returned to Walter Reed as a staff member in orthopaedic/spine surgery and as residency director of orthopaedic surgery, where he attained the rank of Colonel, U.S. Army Medical Corps (now retired).

Publications

Journal Articles (Peer-Reviewed - published/in press/submitted)
1. Kuklo TR, Heekin RD, Temple HT, Islinger RB, Horan PJ. A Review of Total Joint Replacement in Active Duty Soldiers. Mil Med 1997;162(3):201-4.

2. Kuklo TR, Islinger RB, Shekitka KM, Temple HT. Lateral Leg Pain in a 26-year-old Woman. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1997;(340):276-80, 287-8.

3. Temple HT, Kuklo TR, Sweet DE, Gibbons CL, Murphey MD. Rectus Femoris Muscle Tear Appearing as a Pseudotumor. Am J Sports Med 1998;26(4):544-8.

4. Islinger RB, Kuklo TR, Polly DW, Jr. Spine Fractures in Active Duty Soldiers and their Return to Duty Rate. Mil Med 1998;163(8):536-9.

5. Horan PJ, Popovic NA, Islinger RB, Kuklo TR, Dick Jr. EJ, McKinney LA. Acute and Long-Term Response of the Meniscus to Partial Meniscectomy using the Holmium: YAG Laser. Arthroscopy 1999;15(2):155-64.

6. Kuklo TR, Taylor KF, Murphy KP, Islinger RB, Heekin RD, Baker Jr. CL. Arthroscopic Release for Lateral Epicondylitis: A Cadaveric Model. Arthroscopy 1999;15(3):259-64.

7. Kuklo TR, Mackenzie WG, Keeler KA. Hip Arthroscopy in Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease. Arthroscopy 1999;15(1):88-92.

8. Kuklo TR, Tis JE, Moores LK, Schaefer RA. Fatal Rhabdomyolysis with Bilateral Gluteal, Thigh, and Leg Compartment Syndrome after the Army Physical Fitness Test. A Case Report. Am J Sports Med 2000;28(1):112-6.

9. Ricca Jr. RL, Kuklo TR, Shawen SB, Vick DJ, Schaefer RA. Periosteal Chondroma of the Cuboid Presenting in a 7-year-old Boy. Foot Ankle Int 2000;21(2):145-9.

10. Kirk K, Kuklo T, Klemme KW. Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome: A Review. Orthopedics 2000;23(11):1209-17.

11. Kuklo TR, Islinger RB, Owens BD, Murphey MD, Berrey BH, Temple HT. Pseudotumors Presenting in Nonhemophiliacs. Orthopedics 2001;24(5):483-6.

12. Kuklo TR, Lenke LG. Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery: Current Indications and Techniques. Orthop Nurs 2000;19(6):15-22.

13. Islinger RB, Kuklo TR, McHale KA. A Review of Orthopedic Injuries in Three Recent United States Military Conflicts. Mil Med 2000;165(6):463-5.

14. Temple HT, Kuklo TR, Lehman RA Jr., Heekin RD, Berrey BH. Segmental Limb Reconstruction after Tumor Resection. Am J Orthop 2000;29(7):524-9.

15. Kuklo TR, Polly DW, Owens BD, Zeidman SM, Chang AS, Klemme WR. Measurement of Thoracic and Lumbar Fracture Kyphosis: Evaluation of Intraobserver, Interobserver, and Technique Variability. Spine 2001;26(1):61-5.

16. Islinger RB, Kuklo TR, Owens BD, Horan PJ, Choma TJ, Murphey MD, Temple HT. Langerhans' Cell Histiocytosis in Patients Older than 21Years. Clin Orthop & Relat Res 2000;(379):231-5.

17. Owens BD, Murphy KP, Kuklo TR. Arthroscopic Release for Lateral Epicondylitis. Arthroscopy 2001;17(6):582-7.

18. Kuklo TR, Lenke LG, Won DS, Graham EJ, Sweet FA, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Blanke KM. Spontaneous Proximal Thoracic Curve Correction after Isolated Fusion of the Main Thoracic Curve in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine 2001;26(18):1966-75.

19. Kuklo TR, Bridwell KH, Lewis SJ, Baldus C, Blanke K, Iffrig TM, Lenke LG. Minimum 2-year Analysis of Sacropelvic Fixation and L5-S1 Fusion using S1and Iliac Screws. Spine 2001;26(18):1976-83.

20. Bridwell KH, Kuklo TR, Lewis SJ, Sweet FA, Lenke LG, Baldus C. String Test Measurement to Assess the Effect of Spinal Deformity Correction on Spinal Canal Length. Spine 2001;26(18):2013-9.

21. Long J, Lewis SJ, Kuklo TR, Zhu Y, Riew KD. The Effect of Cox-2 Inhibitors on Spinal Fusion. J Bone Joint Surg-Am 2002;84(10):1763-8.

22. Graham EJ, Kuklo TR, Kyriakos M, Rubin DA, Riew KD. Invasive Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis of the Atlantoaxial Joint: A Case Report. J Bone Joint Surg-Am 2002;84(10):1856-60.

23. Lehman RA Jr., Kuklo TR, Belmont PJ Jr., Andersen RC, Polly DW Jr. Advantage of Pedicle Screw Fixation Directed into the Apex of the Sacral Promontory over Bicortical Fixation: A Biomechanical Analysis. Spine 2002;27(18):806-11.

24. Kuklo TR, Lenke LG, Graham EJ, Won DS, Sweet FA, Blanke KM, Bridwell KH. Correlation of Radiographic, Clinical, and Patient Assessment of Shoulder Balance following Fusion versus Nonfusion of the Proximal Thoracic Curve in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine 2002;27(18):2013-20.

25. Shawen SB, Belmont PJ Jr., Kuklo TR, Owens BD, Taylor KF, Kruse R, Polly DW Jr. Hemimetameric Segmental Shift: A Case Series and Review. Spine 2002;27(24):E539-44.

26. Riew KD, Long J, Rhee J, Lewis S, Kuklo T, Kim YU, Yukawa Y, Zhu Y. Time-Dependent Inhibitory Effects of Indomethacin on Spinal Fusion. J Bone Joint Surg-Am 2003;85(4):632-4.

27. Lehman RA Jr., Murphy KP, Machen MS, Kuklo TR. Modified Arthroscopic Suture Fixation of a Displaced Tibial Eminence Fracture: A Case Report. Arthroscopy 2003;19(2):E6.

28. Kirk KL, Kuklo TR, Polly DW Jr. Traction versus Side-Bending Radiographs: Is the Proximal Thoracic Curve the Stiffer Curve in Double Thoracic Curves? Am J Orthop 2003;32(6):284-8.

29. Javernick M, Kuklo TR, Polly DW Jr. Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Unilateral versus Bilateral Disk Removal: An In Vivo Study. Am J Orthop 2003;32(7):344-8.

30. Kirk KL, Kuklo TR. Back Pain in a 22-year-old Man. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2003;(415):319-28.

31. Rosner MK, Polly DW Jr., Kuklo TR, Ondra SL. Thoracic Pedicle Screw Fixation for Spinal Deformity. Neurosurg Focus 2003;14(1):e7.

32. Polly DW Jr., Cunningham BW, Kuklo TR, Lenke LG, Oda I, Schroeder TM, Klemme WR. Anterior Thoracic Scoliosis Constructs: Effect of Rod Diameter and Intervertebral Cages on Multi-Segmental Construct Stability. Spine J 2003;3(3):213-9.

33. Kuklo TR, Owens BD, Polly DW. Perioperative Blood and Blood Product Management for Spinal Deformity Surgery. Spine J 3(5):388-93, 2003.

34. Lehman RA Jr., Polly DW Jr., Kuklo TR, Cunningham B, Kirk KL, Belmont PJ Jr. Straight-Forward versus Anatomic Trajectory Technique of Thoracic Pedicle Screw Fixation: A Biomechanical Analysis. Spine 2003;28(18):2058-65.

35. Kuklo TR, Lehman RA Jr. Effect of Tapping Diameters on Insertion of Thoracic Pedicle Screws: A Biomechanical Analysis. Spine 2003;28(18):2066-71.

36. Lehman RA Jr., Kuklo TR. Use of Anatomic Trajectory for Thoracic Pedicle Screw Salvage after Failure/Violation using the Straight-Forward Technique: A Biomechanical Analysis. Spine 2003;28(18):2072-7.

37. Freedman BA, Cohen SP, Kuklo TR, Lehman RA, Larkin P, Giuliani JR. Intradiscal Electrothermal Therapy (IDET) for Chronic Low Back Pain in Active-Duty Soldiers: 2-year Follow-up. Spine J 2003;3(6):502-9 .

38. Choma TJ, Kuklo TR, Islinger RB, Murphey MD, Temple HT. Paget's Disease of Bone in Patients Younger than 40 Years. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2004;(418):202-4.

39. Lehman RA Jr., Kuklo TR, Freedman BA, Cowart J, Mense MG, Riew KD. The Effect of Alendronate Sodium of Spinal Fusion: A Rabbit Model. Spine J 2004;4(1):36-43.

40. Polly DW, Potter BK, Kuklo TR, Young JS, Johnson CE, Klemme WR. Volumetric Spinal Canal Intrusion: A Comparison between Thoracic Pedicle Screws and Thoracic Hooks. Spine 2004;l29(1):63-9.

41. Lehman RA, Potter BK, Kuklo TR, Chang AS, Polly DW, Shawen SB, Orchowski JR. Probing for Thoracic Pedicle Screw Tract Violation(s). Is it Valid? J Spinal Disord 2004;17(4):277-83.

42. Belmont Jr. PJ, Kuklo TR, Taylor KF, Freedman BA, Prahinski JR, Kruse RW. Intraspinal Anomalies Associated with an Isolated Congenital Hemivertebra: The Role of Routine Magnetic Resonance Imaging. J Bone Joint Surg-Am 2004;86(8):1704-10.

43. Potter BK, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR. Prevention and Management of the Iatrogenic Flatback Deformity. Current Concepts Review. J Bone Joint Surg-Am 2004;86(8):1793-808.

44. Sucato D, Kuklo TR, Vaccaro A, Brown C. 2003 Scoliosis Research Society European Traveling Fellowship Report to the Education Committee. Spine 2004;29(18):1966-70.

45. Potter BK, Kuklo TR. Symptomatic Degenerative Disk Disease following Posterior Spinal Fusion. Orthopedics 2004;27(11):1202-04.

46. Potter BK, Lehman RA, Kuklo TR. Anatomy and Biomechanics of Thoracic Pedicle Screw Instrumentation. Curr Opin Orthop 2004;15(3):133-44.

47. Kuklo TR, Rosner MK, Polly DW Jr. Computerized Tomography Evaluation of a Resorbable Implant after Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Neurosurg Focus 2004;16(3):E10.

48. Cox ED, Kuklo TR, Corcoran P, Mulligan C. Radical En Bloc Resection of a T4 Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Invading the Thoracic Spine. Chest 2004;126(4):961S.

49. Rosner MK, Kuklo TR, Tawk R, Moquin R, Ondra Sl. Prophylactic Placement of an Inferior Vena Cava Filter in High-Risk Patients undergoing Spinal Reconstruction. Neurosurg Focus 2004;17(4):E6.

50. Polly DW Jr., Kuklo TR, Doukas WC, Scoville C. Advanced Medical Care for Soldiers Injured in Iraq and Afghanistan. Minn Med 2004;87(11):42-4.

51. Kuklo TR, Lehman RA Jr., Lenke LG. Structures at Risk following Anterior Instrumented Spinal Fusion for Thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. J Spinal Disord 2005;18(Suppl):58-64.

52. Kuklo TR, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF, Lehman RA Jr., Polly DW Jr., Schroeder TM. Accuracy and Efficacy of Thoracic Pedicle Screws in Curves more than 90 Degrees. Spine 2005;30(2):222-6.

53. Kuklo TR, Potter BK, Polly DW, O'Brien MF, Schroeder TM, Lenke LG. Reliability Analysis for Manual Idiopathic Scoliosis Measurements. Spine 2005;30(4):444-54.

54. Potter BK, Freedman B, Andersen RA, Bojescul J, Kuklo TR, Murphy KP. Correlation of Short Form-36 and Disability Status with Outcomes of Arthroscopic Acetabular Labral Debridement. Am J Sports Med 2005;33(6):864-70.

55. Potter BK, Rosner MK, Lehman RA Jr., Polly DW Jr., Schroeder TM, Kuklo TR. Reliability of End, Neutral and Stable Vertebrae Identification in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine 2005;30(14):1658-63.

56. Potter BK, Kuklo TR, Lenke LG. Radiographic Outcomes of Anterior Spinal Fusion versus Posterior Spinal Fusion with Thoracic Pedicle Screws for Treatment of Lenke Type I Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Curves. Spine 2005;30(16):1859-66.

57. Kuklo TR, Potter BK, Polly DW, Lenke LG. Monaxial versus Multiaxial Thoracic Pedicle Screws in the Correction of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine 2005;30(18):2113-20.

58. Vaccaro AR, Lehman RA, Hurlbert RJ, Anderson PA, Harris M, Hedlund R, Harrop J, Dvorak M, Wood K, Fehlings MG, Fisher C, Zeiller SC, Anderson DG, Bono CM, Stock GH, Brown AK, Kuklo T, Oner FC. A New Classification of Thoracolumbar Injuries: The Importance of Injury Morphology, the Integrity of the Posterior Ligamentous Complex, and Neurologic Status. Spine 2005;30(20):2325-33.

59. Potter BK, Freedman BA, Lehman RA Jr., Shawen SB, Kuklo TR, Murphey MD. Solitary Epiphyseal Enchondromas. J Bone Joint Surg-Am 2005;87(7):1551-60.

60. Neal CJ, Rosner MK, Kuklo TR. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Adjacent Segments after Disc Arthroplasty. J Neurosurg Spine 2005;3(5):342-7.

61. Deviren V, Acaroglu E, Lee J, Fujita M, Hu S, Lenke LG, Polly Jr. D, Kuklo TR, O'Brien M, Brumfield D. Puttlitz CM. Pedicle Screw Fixation of the Thoracic Spine: An In Vitro Biomechanical Study on Different Configurations. Spine 2005;30(22):2530-7.

62. Lehman RA Jr., Vaccaro AR, Bertagnoli R, Kuklo TR. Standard and Minimally Invasive Approaches to the spine. Orthop Clin North Am 2005;36(3):281-92.

63. Kuklo TR, Lehman RA Jr., Gajewski, DA, Schaefer RA. Enlarging Knee Mass in a 13-year-old Girl. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2005;(433):271-6.

64. Kuklo TR, Temple HT, Owens BD, Juliano J, Islinger RB, Andejeski Y, Frassica DA, Berrey BH. Preoperative versus Postoperative Radiation Therapy for Soft-Tissue Sarcomas. Am J Orthop 2005;34(2):75-80.

65. Bojescul JA, Polly DW, Kuklo TR, Allen TW, Wieand K. Backfill for Iliac-Crest Donor Sites: A Prospective, Randomized Study of Coralline Hydroxyapatite. Am J Orthop 2005;34(8):377-82.

66. Potter BK, Groth AT, Kuklo TR. Penetrating Thoracolumbar Spine Injuries. Curr Opin Orthop 2005;16(3):158-62.

67. Kuklo TR, Potter BK, Lenke LG. Vertebral Rotation and Thoracic Torsion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: What is the Best Radiographic Correlate? J Spinal Disord 2005;18(2):139-47.

68. Freedman BA, Potter KB, Kuklo TR. Managing Neurologic Complications in Cervical Spine Surgery. Curr Opin Orthop 2005;16(3):169-77.

69. Kuklo TR, Potter BK, O'Brien MF, Schroeder TM, Lenke LG, Polly DW, The Spinal Deformity Study Group. Reliability Analysis for Digital Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Measurements. J Spinal Disord 2005;18(2):152-9.

70. Vaccaro AR, Zeiller SC, Hulbert RJ, Anderson PA, Harris M, Hedlund R, Harrop J, Dvorak M, Wood K, Fehlings MG, Fisher C, Lehman RA Jr., Anderson DG, Bono CM, Kuklo T, Oner FC. The Thoracolumbar Injury Severity Score: A Proposed Treatment Algorithm. J Spinal Disord 2005;18(3):209-15.

71. Groth AT, Kuklo TR, Klemme WR, Polly DW, Schroeder TM. Comparison of Sagittal Contour and Posterior Disc Height following Interbody Fusion: Threaded Cylindrical Cages versus Structural Allograft versus Vertical Cages. J Spinal Disord 2005;18(4):332-6.

72. Potter BK, Freedman BA, Verwiebe EG, Hall JM, Polly DW Jr., Kuklo TR. Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Clinical and Radiographic Results and Complications in 100 Consecutive Patients. J Spinal Disord 2005;18(4):337-46.

73. Ross AE, Bojescul JA, Kuklo TR. Giant Cell Tumor: A Case Report of Recurrence during Pregnancy. Spine 2005;30(12):E332-5.

74. Potter BK, Javernick M, Kuklo TR. Care and Evacuation of Spinal Cord Injuries in Wartime. Contemp Orthop Issues 2005;6(8):53-60.

75. Potter BK, Kirk KL, Shah SA, Kuklo TR. Loss of Coronal Correction following Instrumentation Removal in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine2006; 31(1):67-72.

76. Tsuchiya K, Bridwell KH, Kuklo TK, Lenke LG, Baldus C. Minimum 5-year Analysis of L5-S1 Fusion using Sacropelvic Fixation (Bilateral S1 and Iliac Screws) for Spinal Deformity. Spine 2006;31(3):303-8.

77. Kuklo TR, Potter BK, Ludwig S, Lindsey R, Anderson P, Vaccaro AR. Radiographic Measurement Techniques for Sacral Fractures. Consensus Statement of the Spine Trauma Study Group. Spine 2006;31(9):1047-55.

78. Kuklo TR, Potter BK, Schroeder TM, O'Brien MF. Comparison of Manual and Digital Measurements in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine 2006;31(11):1240-6.

79. Kuklo TR, Potter BK, Bell RS, Moquin RR, Rosner MK. Single-Stage Treatment of Pyogenic Spinal Infection with Titanium Mesh Cages. J Spinal Disord 2006;19(5):376-82.

80. Kuklo TR. Principles for Selecting Fusion Levels in Adult Spinal Deformity with Particular Attention to Lumbar Curves and Double Major Curves. Spine 2006;31(19S):S132-8.

81. Kuklo TR, O'Brien MF, Lenke LG, Polly DW, Sucato DJ, Richards BS, Lubicky J, Ibrahim K, Kawakami N, King A, The Spinal Deformity Study Group: AIS Section. Comparison of the Lowest Instrumented, Stable, and Lower End Vertebrae in "Single Overhang" Thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Anterior versus Posterior Spinal Fusion. Spine 2006;31(19):2232-6.

82. Lee SS, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR, Valente L, Bridwell KH, Sides B, Blanke KM. Comparison of Scheuermann's Kyphosis Correction by Posterior-only Thoracic Pedicle Screw Fixation vs. Combined Anterior/Posterior Fusion. Spine 2006;31(20):2316-21.

83. Rosner MK, Kuklo TR. Reconstructive Techniques for the Cervicothoracic Junction. Curr Opin Orthop 2006;17(3):245-52.

84. Dhawan A, Kuklo TR, Polly DW. Analysis of Posterior Iliac Crest Bone Graft Harvesting. Am J Orthop 2006;35(7):322-6.

85. Orchowski JR, Polly DW Jr., Kuklo TR, Klemme WR, Schroeder TM. Use of Fluoroscopy to Evaluate Iliac Screw Position. Am J Orthop 2006;35(3):144-6.

86. Freedman BA, Potter BK, Dinauer PA, Giuliani JR, Kuklo TR, Murphy KP. Prognostic Value of Magnetic Resonance Arthrography for Czerny Stage II and III Acetabular Labral Tears. Arthroscopy 2006;22(7):742-7.

87. Neal CJ, Rosner MK, Kuklo TR. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Evaluation of Adjacent Segments after Disc Arthroplasty. J Neurosurg Spine 2006;3(5):342-7.

88. Kuklo TR, Riew KD, Orchowski JR, Won DS, Schroeder TM, Gilula LA. Management of Recalcitrant Osteoarthritis of the Atlanto-Axial Joint. Orthopedics 2006;29(7):633-8.

89. Lin D, Schaefer R, Kuklo T. Myxoid Liposarcoma in Pregnancy. Am J Orthop 2006;35(7):322-6.

90. Freedman BA, Potter BK, Nesti LJ, Cho T, Kuklo TR. Missed Opportunities in Patients with Osteoporosis and Distal Radius Fractures. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2007;454:202-6.

91. Dmitriev AE, Kuklo TR, Lehman RA Jr., Rosner MK. Stabilizing Potential of Anterior, Posterior, and Circumferential Fixation for Multilevel Cervical Arthrodesis: An In Vitro Human Cadaveric Study of the Operative and Adjacent Segment Kinematics. Spine 2007;32(6):E188-96.

92. Teyhen DS, Flynn TW, Childs JD, Kuklo TR, Rosner MK, Polly DW, Abraham LD. Fluoroscopic Video to Identify Aberrant Lumbar Motion. Spine 2007;32(7):E220-9.

93. Patel AA, Vaccaro AR, Martyak GG, Harrop JS, Albert TJ, Ludwig SC, Youssef JA, Gelb DE, Mathews HH, Chapman JR, Chung EH, Grabowski G, Kuklo TR, Hilibrand AS, Anderson DG: Neurologic Deficit Following Percutaneous Vertebral Stabilization. Spine 2007;32(16):1728-1734.

94. Kuklo TR, Potter PK, Lenke LG, Polly DW, Sides B, Bridwell KH. Surgical Revision Rates of Hooks versus Hybrid versus Screws versus Combined Anterior/Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine 2007;32(20):2258-2264.

95. Sanders OJ, Harrast J, Kuklo TR, Polly DW, Bridwell KH, Diab M, Dormans JP, Drummond DS, Emans JB, Johnston CE II, Lenke LG, McCarthy RE, Newton PO, Richards BS, Sucato DJ. The Spinal Appearance Questionnaire - Results of Reliability, Validity, and Responsiveness Testing in Patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine 2007; 32(24):2719-2722.

96. Mohammad D, Smith AR, Kuklo TR. Neural Complications in the Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine 2007; 32(24):2759-2763.

97. Rampersand R, Fehlings MG, Harrop JS, Kuklo TR, Massicotte EM, Salonen D, Shaffrey CI, Vaccaro AR. Validation of Digital Radiology Measurement Tools for Quantitative Spinal Imaging. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation. Spinal Cord Medicine (In Press).

98. Dmitriev AE, Gill NW, Kuklo TR, Rosner MK. Does Multi-level Lumbar Disc Arthroplasty Preserve Operative and Adjacent Level Kinematics and Intradiscal Pressures? An In-vitro Human Cadaveric Assessment. Spine J (In Press).

99. O'Shaughnessy B, Kuklo TR, Ondra SD. Surgical Treatment of Vertebral Osteomyelitis with Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2. Spine (In Press).

100. Nesti LJ, Li WJ, Freedman B, Jiang Y, Kuklo TR, Tuan RS. Novel Tissue Engineered Intervertebral Disc Construct Supports Stem Cell Growth and Differentiation. Spine (Submitted 2006).

101. Gill NW, Kuklo TR, Hoppes CW, Rosner MK. Spinal arthroplasty: Rehabilitation following L4-L5 total disc replacement in an Air Force pilot. In Review. Spine (Submitted 2006.

) 102. Kuklo T, Dmitriev A, Neal C, Gill N, Lehman R. Can rhBMP-2 overcome the Inhibitory Effect of Alendronate Sodium on Spinal Fusion? (1st revision Submitted to JBJS).

103. Dmitriev AE, Gill NW, Kuklo TR, Rosner MK. Biomechanical Considerations of using Posterior Stabilization as an Option for Multilevel Lumbar Total Disc Replacement Revision. Spine (Submitted 2006).

104. Mulconrey DS, Kuklo TR, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cronen GA, Rose PS. Correction of Thoracic Rotation and Chest Wall Malalignment: A Comparison of Hybrid versus Pedicle Screw Constructs. Spine (Submitted 2007).

105. Kuklo TR, Dmitriev AE, Cardoso MJ, Lehman RA, Erickson M. Biomechanical Contribution of Transverse Connectors to Segmental Stability Following Long Segment Instrumentation with Thoracic Pedicle Screws. Spine (Submitted 2007).

106. Kuklo TR, Groth AT, Andersen RC, Frisch HM, Islinger RB. rhBMP-2 for Type Grade III Open Segmental Tibial Fractures from Operation Iraqi Freedom. JBJS (B) (Submitted 2007).

107. Freedman BR, Potter BK, Nesti LJ, Giuliani JR, Hampton C, Kuklo TR. Osteoporosis and Vertebral Compression Fractures - Continued Missed Opportunities. Spine J (Submitted 2007).

108. Neal CJ, Hochheimer SM, Rosner MK, Kuklo TR. Use of an Interspinous Process Spacer to Relieve Facet Pain after Disc Arthroplasty. Neurosurgery (Submitted 2007).

109. Cardoso MJ, Dmitriev AE, Helgeson M, Lehman RA, Kuklo TR, Rosner MK. Does Proximal Facet Violation with Intrapedicular Fixation or Laminectomy Destabilize the Adjacent Level? An In-Vitro Human Cadaveric Assessment. Spine (Submitted 2007).

Journal Articles (Invited, Non-Peer Reviewed)
1. Horan PJ, Popovic NA, Islinger RB, Kuklo TR, Dick EJ. Acute and Chronic Response of Meniscal Fibrocartilage to Holmium: YAG Laser Irradiation. Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems VII, Proc. SPIE 1997;2970:132-6.

2. Owens BD, Murphy KP, Kuklo TR. Lateral Epicondylitis. eMedicine Journal serial online . http://www.emedicine.com/orthoped/topic510.htm, 2001.

3. Kuklo TR, Polly D. Surgical Anatomy of the Thoracic Pedicle. Sem Spine Surg 2002;14(1):3-7.

4. Lehman RA, Kuklo TR, O'Brien MF. Biomechanics of Thoracic Pedicle Screws: Part I. Sem in Spine Surg 2002;14(1):8-15.

5. O'Brien M, Smith DAB, Kuklo TR. Biomechanics of Thoracic Fixation in Deformity: Hooks vs. Screws: Part II. Sem in Spine Surg 2002;14(1):16-34.

6. Kuklo TR, Lehman RA. Perils and Pitfalls of Thoracic Pedicle Screws. Sem in Spine Surg 2002;14(1):97-102.

7. Rosner MK, Burkhalter W, Kuklo TR, Polly DW. Posterior Instrumentation for Pediatric Spinal Deformity. Sem in Spine Surg 2003;15(3):226-35.

8. O'Brien M, Kuklo TR, Lenke LG. Sacropelvic Instrumentation: Anatomic and Biomechanical Zones of Fixation. Sam W. Wiesel, Scott D. Boden,eds. Timothy R. Kuklo and Michael F. O'Brien, guest eds. Sem in Spine Surg - Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Fixation 2004;16(2):76-90.

9. Lenke LG, Kuklo TR. Sacropelvic Fixation Techniques in the Treatment of Pediatric Spinal Deformity. Sam W. Wiesel, Scott D. Boden, eds. Timothy R. Kuklo and Michael F. O'Brien, guest eds. Sem in Spine Surg - Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Fixation 2004;16(2):114-18.

10. Potter BK, Kuklo TR, O'Brien M. Sacro-iliac Fixation for Treatment of High-Grade Spondylolisthesis. Sam W. Wiesel, Scott D. Boden, eds. Timothy R. Kuklo and Michael F. O'Brien, guest eds. Sem in Spine Surg - Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Fixation 2004;16(2):119-25.

11. O'Brien MF, Kuklo TR, Mardjetko SJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Newton PO, Carmody CN. The Sacropelvic Unit. Creative Solutions to Complex Fixation and Reconstruction Problems. Sam W. Wiesel, Scott D. Boden, eds. Timothy R. Kuklo and Michael F. O'Brien, guest eds. Sem in Spine Surg - Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Fixation 2004;16(2):134-49.

12. Bridwell KH, Kuklo TR, Edwards CC, Lenke LG, Berra A. Sacropelvic Fixation: Iliac and Sacral Screw Indications and Placement Technique. White Paper, Medtronic Sofamor Danek, 2004.

13. Tis J, Kuklo TR. Fracture Risk, Bone Densitometry and the Medical Management of Osteoporosis. Sem in Spine Surg 2005;17(3):137-43.

14. Dmitriev AD, Kuklo TR. Biomechanical Considerations of Spinal Instrumentation in the Aging Spine. Sem in Spine Surg 2005;17(3): 215-22.

15. Lee JY, Lim MR, Ludwig SC, Elias I, Kuklo TR, Vaccaro AR. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty for Vertebral Compression Fractures. Sem in Spine Surg 2005;17(3):158-64.

16. Potter BK, Kuklo TR. Evaluation and Management of Metastatic Disease of the Spine. Sem in Spine Surg 2005;17(3); 223-32.

17. Kuklo TR. Crosslink Plates in Spine Surgery: Understanding the Indications and Biomechanics. White Paper, Medtronic Sofamor Danek, 2006.

18. Lenke LG, Kuklo TR. Use of Legacy Multiaxial Reduction Screws® (MARS): Considerations in the Sagittal Plane. (White Paper, Medtronic Sofamor Danek, 2006.

19. Lenke LG, Kuklo TR. Techniques for Coronal Plane use of MARS (multiaxial reduction screws). White Paper, Medtronic Sofamor Danek, 2006.

20. Kuklo TR. Radiographic Evaluation of Spinal Deformity. Neurosurgery Clinics of North America 2007;18(2).:215-22.

21. Kuklo TR. Commentary on Reliability of Marker Placements and Optoelectronics Systems for Analyzing Spinal Movement. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation (In Press).

Books
1. O'Brien MF, Kuklo TR, Blanke KM, Lenke LG. Co-Editors-in-Chief. Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Deformity Study Group (SDSG). Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, Tennessee, 2004.

2. Kuklo TR (Editor-in-Chief). Spine Trauma Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Trauma Study Group, Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2005. Bono C, Dimar J, Rauschning W, Vaccaro A, co-eds. Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, Tennessee, 2006.

Book Chapters
1. Polly DW, Kuklo TR. Non-operative Management of Thoracolumbar Fractures. In: Tornetta, ed. Techniques in Fracture Surgery, Mosby Year-Book 2000.

2. Riew KD, Kuklo TR, Lenke LG. Halo and Cranial Traction. In: DeWald RL, ed. Spinal Deformities: The Comprehensive Text. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 2003:487-96.

3. Riew KD, Kuklo TR. Surgical approaches to the Cervical Spine. In: DeWald RL, ed. Spinal Deformities: The Comprehensive Text. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 2003:497-505.

4. Riew KD, Kuklo TR. Cervical Decompression. In: DeWald RL, ed. Spinal Deformities: The Comprehensive Text. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 2003:517-27.

5. Polly DW, Kuklo TR. Perioperative Blood and Blood Product Management for Spinal Deformity Surgery. In: DeWald RL, ed. Spinal Deformities: The Comprehensive Text. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 2003:771-6.

6. Polly DW, Kuklo TR. Placement of Thoracic Pedicle Screws. Progress in Neurosurgical Surgery Advances in Spinal Stabilization. Karger 16:1-11, 2003.

7. Nesti LJ, Kuklo TR, Caterson EJ. Cells, Signals, and Scaffolds: The Future of Spinal Fusion. In: Lewandrowski KU, Wise DL, Trantolo DJ, Yaszemski MJ, White III AA, eds. Advances in Spinal Fusion: Molecular Science, Biomechanics and Clinical Management. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2004:649-68.

8. Kuklo TR, Polly DW. Pediatric Kyphosis. In: Frymoyer JW, Wiesel SW, eds. The Adult and Pediatric Spine, 3rd Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004:391-7.

9. Kuklo TR, Lehman RA Jr., Taylor BA, Riew KD. Surgical Approaches to the Subaxial Cervical Spine. In: Frymoyer JW, Wiesel SW, eds. The Adult and Pediatric Spine, 3rd Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004:761-9.

10. Polly DW, Klemme WR, Kuklo TR, Cunningham BW. Biomechanics of Anterior Column Support. In: Lenke LG ed. Modern Anterior Spine Surgery. St. Louis, MO: Quality Medical Publishing, Inc., 2004:27-36.

11. O'Brien MF, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR, Blanke KM. Spinal Anatomy and Alignment. In: O'Brien, MF, Kuklo TR, Blanke KM, Lenke LG, eds. Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Deformity Study Group. Memphis, TN: Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2005:1-10.

12. Blanke KM, Kuklo TR, O'Brien MF, Lenke LG. Clinical Photographs and Radiographic Methodology to Evaluate Spinal Deformity. In: O'Brien, MF, Kuklo TR, Blanke KM, Lenke LG, eds. Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Deformity Study Group. Memphis, TN: Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2005:11-30.

13. Lenke LG, Blanke KM, Kuklo TR, O'Brien MF. The Lenke Classification: Technique for Analysis and Classification of Operative Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. In: O'Brien, MF, Kuklo TR, Blanke KM, Lenke LG, eds. Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Deformity Study Group. Memphis, TN: Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2005:31-46.

14. Blanke KM, Kuklo TR, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF, Polly DW Jr., Richards BS, Sanders JO. Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. In: O'Brien, MF, Kuklo TR, Blanke KM, Lenke LG, eds. Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Deformity Study Group. Memphis, TN: Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2005:47-70.

15. Bridwell KH, Hamill CL, Horton WC, Kuklo TR, O'Brien MF. Adult Deformity. In: O'Brien, MF, Kuklo TR, Blanke KM, Lenke LG, eds. Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Deformity Study Group. Memphis, TN: Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2005:71-94.

16. Berthonnaud E, Dimnet J, Labelle HB, Kuklo TR, O'Brien MF, Roussouly P. Spondylolisthesis. In: O'Brien, MF, Kuklo TR, Blanke KM, Lenke LG, eds. Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Deformity Study Group. Memphis, TN: Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2005:95-108.

17. Kuklo TR, Potter BK. Surgical Management of Flatback Syndrome. In: Kim DH, Henn JS, Vaccaro AR, Dickman CA, eds. Surgical Anatomy & Techniques to the Spine. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier, 2006:421-31.

18. Kuklo TR. Anterior Surgery for Adolescent Lumbar Scoliosis. In: Heary R, Albert T, eds. Spinal Deformities: The Essentials. New York, NY: Thieme 2006: 178-91.

19. Kuklo TR, Dimar JR II. Spinal Anatomy and Alignment. In: Kuklo TR, ed. Bono C, Dimar J, Rauschning W, Vaccaro A, co-eds. Spine Trauma Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Trauma Study Group. Memphis, TN: Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2006:8-21.

20. Kuklo TR. Radiographic Methodology to Evaluate Spinal Trauma. In: Kuklo TR, ed. Bono C, Dimar J, Rauschning W, Vaccaro A, co-eds. Spine Trauma Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Trauma Study Group. Memphis, TN: Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2006:22-43.

21. Kuklo TR, Fisher CG, Vaccaro AR, Oner FC, Dietz JW, Rampersaud YR, Bono CM, Dvorak MF, Rauschning WE. In: Kuklo TR, ed. Bono C, Dimar J, Rauschning W, Vaccaro A, co-eds. Spine Trauma Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Trauma Study Group. Memphis, TN: Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2006;88-109.

22. Kuklo TR, Dimar JR II. Lumbar Fractures (L2-L5). In: Kuklo TR, ed. Bono C, Dimar J, Rauschning W, Vaccaro A, co-eds. Spine Trauma Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Trauma Study Group. Memphis, TN: Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2006:112-22.

23. Anderson PA, Kuklo TR, Lindsey RW, Ludwig SC, Vaccaro AR. Sacral Fractures. In: Kuklo TR, ed. Bono C, Dimar J, Rauschning W, Vaccaro A, co-eds. Spine Trauma Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Trauma Study Group. Memphis, TN: Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2006:124-34.

24. Vaccaro AR, Hurlbert RJ, Anderson PA, Harris MB, Hedlund RL, Harrop JS, Dvorak MF, Wood KB, Fehlings MG, Fisher CG, Anderson DG, Bono CM, Kuklo TR, Oner FC. A New Classification of Thoracolumbar Injuries. In: Kuklo TR, ed. Bono C, Dimar J, Rauschning W, Vaccaro A, co-eds. Spine Trauma Radiographic Measurement Manual - Spinal Trauma Study Group. Memphis, TN: Medtronic Sofamor Danek USA, Inc., 2006:135-50.

25. Kuklo TR, O'Brien MF. Sacropelvic Fixation Options. In: Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Lenke LG, eds. Spinal Deformity. A Guide to Surgical Planning and Management. St. Louis, MO: Quality Medical Publishing (In Press).

26. Kuklo TR. Correction of Post-Traumatic Thoracolumbar Junction Kyphotic Deformity. In: Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Lenke LG, eds. Spinal Deformity. A Guide to Surgical Planning and Management. St. Louis, MO: Quality Medical Publishing (In Press).

27. Kuklo TR. Thoracic Pedicle Screw Placement: Anatomic, Straight Forward and In-Out-In Techniques. In: Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, eds. Spine Surgery. Tricks of the Trade - Second Edition. New York, NY: Thieme (In Press).

28. Kuklo TR. Vertebral Resection Technique. In: Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, eds. Spine Surgery. Tricks of the Trade - Second Edition. New York, NY: Thieme (In Press).

29. Tis, J, Kuklo TR. Costotransversectomy. In: Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, eds. Spine Surgery. Tricks of the Trade - Second Edition. New York, NY: Thieme (In Press).

30. Freedman BA, Kuklo TR. Anterior Surgical Approaches for Pediatric Trauma. In: Kim D, Ludwig S, Vaccaro A, eds. Pediatric and Adult Spine Trauma. (In Press).

31. Kuklo TR. Posterior Thoracic and Lumbar Fusion Techniques for Scoliosis - Lenke Classification. In: Vaccaro A, ed. Atlas of Spinal Surgery. (In Press).

32. Polly DW, Kuklo TR. General Considerations of Surgical Preparation for Adult Deformity Surgery. In: The Adult and Pediatric Spine, 3d Edition (In Press).

33. Kuklo TR, Rosner MK. Cervical Orthoses. In: Vaccaro A, ed. Cervical Spine Trauma. (In Press).

34. Kuklo TR. US Musculoskeletal Review 2007. Evidence Based Approach to Bone Grafting Option for the Lumbar Spine (In Press).

35. Kuklo TR. Spinal Cord Medicine Textbook. Scoliosis and Spinal Deformities: Avoiding and Managing Neurologic Deficits (In Press).

36. Kuklo TR, Keeler K. The Need for Pelvic Instrumentation for the Treatment of Degenerative Disorders of the Thoracolumbar Spine. In: Arthritis & Arthroplasty: The Spine (In Press).

37. Helgeson MD, Lehman RA, Kuklo TR. Subaxial Posterior Lateral Mass Fixation. In: Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Lenke LG, eds. Spinal Deformity. A Guide to Surgical Planning and Management. St. Louis, MO: Quality Medical Publishing (In Press).

Tutorials
1. Bridwell KH, Kuklo TR, Luhmann SJ. Scoliosis. Pediatric UPDATE Medtronic Sofamor Danek, 2006; 27(9)

Abstracts
1. Horan PJ, Popovic NA, Islinger RB, Kuklo TR, Dick EJ. Response of Meniscal Fibrocartilage to Holmium: YAG Laser Irradiation. Lasers in Medicine and Surg 1997;Suppl 9:21.

2. Kuklo TR, Temple HT, Juliano J, Islinger RB, Berrey BH. Comparison of Local Disease Control and Wound Complications after Preoperative and Postoperative Radiation Therapy for Soft Tissue Sarcomas. Southern Med Journal Vol. 1997;90(10):Suppl 1.

3. Choma TJ, Kuklo TR, Islinger RB, Murphey MD, Temple HT. Paget's Disease in Patients Less Than 40 Years Old: A Review at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. Orthop Trans 1997;21(1):47.

4. Kuklo TR, Heekin RD, Temple HT, Islinger RB, Horan PJ. Results of Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty in Active Duty Soldiers. Orthop Trans 1997;21(1):265.

5. Horan PJ, Popovic NA, Islinger RB, Kuklo TR, Dick EJ. Acute and Chronic Response of Meniscal Fibrocartilage to Partial Meniscectomy Using the Holmium: YAG Laser. Trans of the Ortho Research Society 1997;22:426.

6. Kuklo TR, Temple HT, Juliano J, Islinger RB, Berrey BH. Comparison of Local Disease Control and Wound Complications after Preoperative and Postoperative Radiation Therapy for Soft Tissue Sarcomas. Orthop Trans 1998;22(1):210.

7. Kuklo TR, McHale KA, Horan PJ, Islinger RB, Ranieri G. Young's Suspension for Painful Pes Planus. Orthop Trans 1998;22(4):1289.

8. Horan PJ, Heekin RD, Islinger RB, Kuklo TR, Popovic NA. Comparison of Standard Drilling to Reverse Drilling of Proximal Femurs. Orthop Trans 1998;22(4):1291-2.

9. Horan PJ, Popovic NA, Islinger RB, Kuklo TR, Dick EJ: Holmium. YAG Laser Partial Meniscectomy: Acute and Chronic Response of Meniscal Fibrocartilage. Orthop Trans 1998;22(4):1292.

10. Kuklo TR, Juliano J, Islinger RB, Frassica D, Andejeski YA, Berrey BH, Temple HT. Comparison of Wound Complications from Pre-Operative and Post-Operative Radiation Therapy for Soft Tissue Sarcomas. Orthop Trans 1998;22(4):1294-5.

11. Kuklo TR, Heekin RD, Temple HT, Islinger RB, Horan PJ. Results of Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty in Active Duty Soldiers. Orthop Trans 1998;22(4):1295.

12. Murphy KP, Kuklo TR, Baker CL. Arthroscopic Findings Associated with Lateral Epicondylitis. Orthop Trans 1998;22(4):1305.

13. Kuklo TR, Murphy KP, Taylor K, Islinger RB, Heekin RD, Baker C. A Cadaveric Model for Arthroscopic Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis. J Southern Orthop Assoc 1998;7(4):296.

14. Kuklo TR, Islinger R, Owens B, Horan P, Choma T, Temple HT. Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Presenting in Patients over 21 Years Old: A Review of Cases at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. J Southern Orthop Assoc 1998;7(4):296-7.

15. Owens BD, Islinger RB, Kuklo TR, Horan PJ, Choma T, Temple HT. Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Presenting in Patients Over 21 Years Old: A Review of Cases at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. Orthop Trans 1999.

16. Kuklo TR, Lehman RA, Lenke LG. Preoperative and Postoperative Computer Tomography Evaluation of Structures at Risk with Anterior Spinal Fusion. Spine J 2002;2(5):110S.

17. Belmont P, Taylor K, Kuklo T, Prahinski J, Kruse R. Occult Intraspinal Anomalies in Association with an Isolated Congenital Hemivertebra. Spine J 2002;2(5):111S.

18. Braun JT, Bridwell KH, Dimar JR, Dobbs MB, Glassman SD, Hedequist DJ, Hresko MT, Kuklo TR, Lenke LG, McCarthy RE. Reliability Analysis of End, Neutral, Stable, and Lowest Instrumented Vertebrae Selection in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgeon versus Digital Software Determination. Eur Spine J 2005;14(1S):24S.

19. Kuklo TR, Rosner MK, Polly DW. Maintenance of Sagittal Contour following TLIF with an Absorbable Interbody Device. Spine J 2004;4(5S):72S.

20. Kuklo TR, Rosner MK, Neal C, Evans K. Two-year Sagittal Cervical Evaluation of Static vs. Dynamic Anterior Cervical Plates. Spine J 2005;5(4S):49-50S.

21. Kuklo TR, Rosner MK, Neal CJ, Evans K. Two-year Sagittal Cervical Evaluation of Static vs. Dynamic Anterior Cervical Plates. Neurosurgery 2005;57(2):399-400.

22. Kuklo TR, Groth A, Neal C, Rosner MK. Wartime Management of Spinal Cord and Spinal Column Injuries from Iraq. Spine J 2005;5(4S):91-2S.

23. Teyhen D, Flynn T, Childs J, Kuklo TR, Rosner MK, Polly DW, Abraham L. Lumbar Spine Kinematics: A Novel Approach Using Digital Fluoroscopic Video. Spine J 2005;5(4S):140S.

24. Nesti L, Wan-Ju L, Freedman B, Jiang Y, Kuklo TR, Tuan R. Novel Nanofibrous Intervertebral Disc Construct Supports Cell Growth and Matrix Production. Spine J 2005;5(4S):181-2S.

25. Cannard KR, Tsao JW, Labutta RJ, Riechers RG, Moquin RR, Rosner MK, Kuklo TR, Spencer NA, Ling GS. Pilot Study Using Botulinum Toxin: A Pretreatment of Lumbar Spine Muscles for Relieving Postoperative Pain. J Neurological Sciences 2005;238(Suppl 1):S502.

26. Groth AT, Kuklo TR, Klemme WR, Polly DW, Schroeder TM. Comparison of Sagittal Contour and Posterior Disc Height following Interbody Fusion: Threaded Cylindrical Cages versus Structural Allograft versus Vertical Cages. Sem in Spine Surg: SPINESCOPE 2005;17(4):323.

27. Kuklo TR, Dmitriev A, Neal C, Gill NW, Brown A, Lehman R Jr. Can rhBMP-2 overcome the Inhibitory Effect of Alendronate Sodium on Spinal Fusion? Spine J 2006;6(5S):7S.

28. Kuklo TR, Bridwell KH, Cillo YA. Is there a clinically detectable response to repeat use of rhBMP-2 in the spine? Spine J 2007;7(5):6S-7S.

29. Kuklo TR, Rosner MK, Moquin R. Do preoperative steroid injections increase the risk of postoperative infection? Spine J 2007;7(5):64S.

30. Dmitriev AE, Cardoso MJ, Helgeson M, Gill NW, Kuklo TR, Rosner MK, Lehman RA. Does proximal facet violation with intrapedicular fixation or laminectomy destabilize the adjacent level? An in-vitro human cadaveric assessment. Spine J 2007;7(5):123S.

31. O'Shaughnessy B, Kuklo TR, Yang B, Koski T, Ondra S. Thoracic pedicle subtraction osteotomy for fixed sagittal deformity: Clinical and radiographic outcomes. Spine J 2007;7(5):114S.

32. Kuklo TR, Dmitriev AE, Lehman RA, Cardoso MJ, Erickson M, Gill NW. Biomechanical effect of crosslinks with long segment pedicle screw constructs. Spine J 2007;7(5):111S.

33. Patel A, Vaccaro A, Martyak G, Harrop J, Albert T, Ludwig S, Youssef JA, Gelb D, Mathews H, Chapman J, Kuklo TR, Chung E, Hilibrand A, Anderson G. Neurological deficit following percutaneous vertebral stabilization. Spine J 2007;7(5):20S-21S.

Recent blog posts from Timothy R. Kuklo, MD, JD

February 06, 2008

Spine Acts Its Age with Spondylosis

Spondylosis or spinal arthritis, is a side effect of aging that many people don't know about.

More from Dr. Kuklo's blog "How to Keep a Healthy Spine"

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