Christopher M. Bono, MD's portrait
Christopher M. Bono, MD
Orthopaedic Surgeon
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, MA

About Christopher M. Bono, MD

Dr. Christopher Bono is a board-certified orthopaedic surgeon and Chief of Orthopaedic Spine Service at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in Boston, MA. Dr. Bono also is Assistant Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery at Harvard Medical School and Co-Director, Harvard MGH-BWH Combined Orthopaedic Spine Fellowship. In addition, he serves as Adjunct Staff in the Spine Research Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at the Medical College of Ohio in Cincinnati, OH.

Dr. Bono earned his medical degree at SUNY Health Science Center at Brooklyn, NY. He completed orthopaedic residency at the New Jersey Medical School, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey in Newark. Under the tutelage of Steven R. Garfin, MD, Dr. Bono completed a Spine Fellowship at the University of California, San Diego, CA.

He has received many honors including Partners in Excellence Award (Spine Instrumentation Program), Best Doctors in America, and several research awards.

Dr. Bono is an active member of prestigious medical societies including the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, American Spinal Injury Association, International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine, North American Spine Society, and Spine Arthroplasty Society. He is President of the North American Spine Society in addition to chairing multiple committees in that society.

Besides extensive involvement in spine and medical societies, Dr. Bono serves as Deputy Editor of The Spine Journal and the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. In addition, he serves as editorial and / or peer reviewer for the Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, and Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma.

Publications

Peer-reviewed
1. Li G, Passias P, Kozanek M, Shannon BD, Li G, Villamil F, Bono CM, Harris M, Wood KB. Interobserver reliability and intraobserver reproducibility of powers ratio for assessment of atlanto-occipital junction: comparison of plain radiography and computed tomography. Eur Spine J. 18: 577-82, 2009.

2. Dailey AT, Shaffrey cI, Rampersaud R, Lee j, Brodke DS, Arnold P, Nassr A, Harrop JS, Grauer J, Bono CM, Dvorak M, Vaccaro A. Utility of helical computed tomography in differentiating unilateral and bilateral facet dislocations. J Spinal Cord Med. 32: 43-8, 2009.

3. Urrutia J, Bono CM, Mery P, Rojas C, Gana N, Campos M. Chronic liver failure and concomitant distant infections are associated with high rates of neurological involvement in pyogenic spinal infections. Spine. 34: E240-4, 2009.

4. Glassman SD, Polly DW, Bono CM, Burkus K, Dimar JR. Outome of lumbar arthrodesis in patients sixty-five years of age or older. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 91: 783-90, 2009.

5. Heary RF, Bono CM, Kumar S. Bracing for scoliosis. Neurosurgery. 63: 125-30, 2008.

6. Heary RF, Kumar S, Bono CM. Decision making in adult deformity. Neurosurgery. 63: 6-77, 2008.

7. Urrutia J, Bono CM, Mery P, Rojas C. Early histologic changes following polymehtylmethacrylate injection (vertebroplasty) in rabbit lumbar vertebrae. Spine. 33: 877-82, 2008.

8. Bono CM. Point of View. Spine. 32: 294102942, 2007.

9. Patel AA, Brodke DS, Pimenta L, Bono CM, Hilibrand AS, Harrop JS, Riew KD, Youssef JA, Vaccaro AR. Revision strategies in lumbar total disc arthroplasty. Spine. 33: 1276-83, 2008.

10. Harrop JS, Youssef JA, Maltenfort M, Vorwald P, Jabbour P, Bono CM, Goldfarb N, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS. Lumbar adjacent segment degeneration and disease after arthrodesis and total disc arthroplasty. Spine. 33: 1701-7, 2008.

11. Watters WC, Baisden J, Bono CM, Heggeness MH, Resnick DK, Shaffer WO, Toton JF. Antibiotic propylaxis in spine surgery: an evidence-based clinical guideline for the use of prophylaxis antibiotics in spine surgery. Spine J. 2008.

12. Watters WC, Baisden J, Gilbert TJ, Kreiner S, Resnick DK, Bono CM, Ghiselli G, Heggenes MH, Mazanec DJ, O'Neill C, Reitman CA, Shaffer WO, summers JT, Toton JF. Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis: an evidence-based clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis. Spine J. 8: 305-10, 2008

13. Ratliff J, Anand N, Vaccaro AR, Lim MR, Lee JY, Arnold P, Harrop JS, Rampersaud R, Bono CM, Gahr RH. Regional variability in use of a novel assessment of thoracolumbar spine fractures: United States versus international surgeons. World J Emerg Surg. 2: 24, 2007.

14. Furlan JC, Fehlings MG, Massicotte EM, Aarabi B, Vaccaro AR, Bono CM, Madrazo I, Villaneuva C, Grauer JN, Mikulis D. A quantitative and reproducible method to assess cord compression and canal stenosis after cervical spine trauma: a study of interrater and intrarater reliability. Spine. 32: 2083-91, 2007.

15. Bono CM. Interspinous spacers in the lumbar spine. US Musculoskeletal Review 2007. Issue 2.

16. Bono CM, Faizan A, Vishnubhotla S, Goel VK, Garfin SR. Analysis of motion after cervical fusion: implications on interpreting flexion-extension radiographs. Spine. Submitted, 2007.

17. Glotzbecker MP, Bono CM, Wood KB, Harris MB. Thromboembolic disease in spinal surgery: a systematic review. Spine. 34: 291-303, 2009

18. Glotzbecker MP, Bono CM, Harris MB, Brick G, Heary RF, Wood KB. Surgeon practices regarding postoperative thromboembolic prophylaxis after high risk spinal surgery. Spine. 33: 2915-21, 2008.

19. Bono CM, Brick GW. Revision surgery for lumbar stenosis: techniques, results, and complications. Sem Spine Surgery. 2007.

20. Bono CM. Harrop JS, Brodke DS, Riew KD, Hilibrand A, Vaccaro AR. Surgeon preferences and concerns for lumbar total disc replacement (TDR). Am J Orthop. Submitted, 2007.

21. Bono CM, Bawa M, White KK, Mahar A, Vives M, Kauffman C, Garfin SR. Residual motion on flexion-extension radiographs after simulated lumbar arthrodesis in human cadavers. J Spinal Disord Tech. 21: 364-71, 2008..

22. Serhan H, Bono CM. New developments and the future of motion preservation. Pan Arab J Neurosurg. Submitted, 2006.

23. Bono CM, The Halo Vest. J Am Acad Orthop Surg.15: 728-37, 2007.

24. Lee JY, Vaccaro AR, et al, Bono CM, et al. Assessment of injury to the thoracolumbar posterior ligamentous complex in the setting of normal appearing plain radiography. Spine J. 7: 422-7, 2007.

25. Rao RD, Currier BL, Albert TJ, Bono CM, Marawar SV, Poelstra KA, Eck JC. Degenerative cervical spondylosis: clinical syndromes, pathogenesis, and management. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 89: 1360-78, 2007.

26. Bono CM, Vaccaro AR. Interspinous Process Devices in the Lumbar Spine. J Spinal Disord Tech. 20: 255-261, 2007.

27. Anderson PA, Moore TA, Davis K, Molinari R, Resnick DK, Vaccaro AR, Bono CM, Dimar JR, Leverson G. Quantification of stability in cervical spine injuries. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 89: 593-600, 2007.

28. Lim MR, Vaccaro AR, Lee JY, Jacoby S, SanFilippo J, Oner FC, Hulbert RJ, Fehlings MG, Arnold P, Harrop J, Bono CM, Anderson PA, Anderson DG, Baron EM. The thoracolumbar injury severity scale and score (TLISS): inter-physician and inter-disciplinary validation of a new paradigm for the treatment of thoracolumbar spine trauma. Columna J. Accepted, 2006.

29. Bono CM, Khanda A, Vadapalli S, Holekamp S, Goel VJ, Garfin SR. Residual sagittal motion after lumbar fusion: a finite element analysis with implications on radiographic flexion-extension criteria. Spine. 32: 417-422, 2007.

30. Burdi M, Bono CM, Kauffman CP, Hoyt D, Garfin SR. Delayed diagnosis of a flexion-distraction (Seatbelt-type) injury in a patient with multiple abdominal injuries: a case report. Am J Orthop. 37: 44-6, 2008.

31. Bono CM, Vaccaro AR, Fehlings M, Fisher C, Dvorak M, Ludwig S, Harrop J. Measurement techniques for upper cervical spine injuries: consensus statement of the Spine Trauma Study Group. Spine. 32:593-600, 2007.

32. Bono CM, et al. Validating a newly proposed classification system for thoracolumbar spine trauma: looking to the future of the TLICS from the Spine Trauma Study Group. J Orthop Trauma. 20: 567-2006.

33. Vaccaro AR, Lee JY, Schweitzer KM, Lim, MR, Baron EM, Oner FC, Hulbert RJ, Hedlund R, Fehlings MG, Arnold P, Harrop, Bono CM, Anderson PA, Anderson DG, Harris MB. Assessment of injury to the posterior ligamentous complex in thoracolumbar spine trauma. Spine J. 6: 524-8, 2006.

34. Bono CM, Min W. Avoiding complications in patients with ankylosing spondylitis undergoing spine surgery. Contemporary Spine Surg. 7: 2006. (Article reprinted from original publication)

35. Heary RF, Salas S, Bono CM, Kumar S. Complication avoidance: thoracolumbar and lumbar burst fractures. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 17: 377-88, 2006.

36. Heary RF, Bono CM. Pedicle subtraction osteotomy for the treatment of chronic post-traumatic kyphotic deformity: case series, technique description, and literature review. J Neurosurg Spine. 5: 1-8, 2006.

37. Fehlings MG, Furlan JC, Massicotte EM, Arnold P, Arabi B, Harrop J, Anderson DG, Bono CM, Dvorak M, Fisher C, France J, Hedlund R, Madrazo I, Nockels R, Rampersaud R, Rechtine G, Vaccaro AR, and the Spine Trauma Study Group. Interobserver and intraobserver reliability of maximum canal compromise and spinal cord compression for evaluation of acute traumatic cervical spinal cord injury. Spine. 31: 1719-1725, 2006.

38. Bono CM. The honest truth about vertebroplasty. Point of View on "Percutaneous vertebroplasty: functional improvement in patients with osteoporotic compression fractures." Spine. 31: 1119, 2006.

39. Bawa M, Schimizzi A, Kim C, Bono CM, Leek B , Massie J, Macias B, Chung C, Cornwall B, Hargens A, Garfin S. Paraspinal muscle vasculature contributes to posterolateral spinal fusion. Spine. 31: 891-896, 2006.

40. Bono CM. Spectrum of spine infections in HIV positive patients. Clin Orthop. 444: 83-91, 2006.

41. Bono CM, Bawa M, White K, Mahar A, Vives M, Kauffman C, Garfin SR. Quantifying motion of flexion-extension radiographs after simulated lumbar arthrodesis in human cadavers. J Spinal Disord Tech. Submitted, 2005.

42. Bono CM, Tornetta P. Common errors in the design of orthopaedic studies. Injury. 37: 355-60, 2006.

43. Reilly MC, Bono CM, Litkouhi B, Sirkin M, Behrens FF. The effect of sacral fracture malreduction on the safe placement of iliosacral screws. 20: S37-S43 (reprint of original publication).

44. Bono CM. Pain and disc degeneration: a possible link derived from basic science research. Point of View on "Effects of cyclic mechanical stress on the production of inflammatory agents by nucleus-pulposus- and anulus-fibrosus-derived cells in vitro." Spine. 31: 10, 2006.

45. France J, Bono CM, Vaccaro AR. Initial Radiographic Evaluation of the Spine After Trauma: When, What, Where, and How to Image the Acutely Traumatized Spine. J Orthop Trauma. 19: 640-649, 2005.

46. Vaccaro AR, Lehman RA, Hurlbert RJ, Anderson PA, Harris M, Hedlund R, Harrop J, Dvorak M, Wood K, Fehlings MG, Fisher C, Zeiller SC, Anderson DG, Bono CM, Stock GH, Brown AK, Kuklo T, Oner FC. A new classification of thoracolumbar injuries: the important of injury morphology, the integrity of the posterior ligamentous complex, and neurologic status. Spine. 30: 2325-33, 2005.

47. Lee JY, Vaccaro AR, Lim MR, Oner FC, Hulbert RJ, Hedlund R, Fehlings MG, Arnold P, Harrop J, Bono CM, Anderson PA, Anderson DG, Harris MB, Brown AK, Stock GH, Baron EM. Thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score: a new paradigm for the treatment of thoracolumbar spine trauma. J Orthop Sci. 10: 671-5, 2005.

48. Bono CM. Long-term outlook after cervical spine trauma. Sem Spine Surg. 17: 113-119, 2005.

49. Bono CM. Min W. Avoiding complications in patients with ankylosing spondylitis undergoing spine surgery. Curr Opinion Orthop. 16: 178-183, 2005.

50. Bono CM, Vaccaro AR, Fehlings M, Fisher C, Dvorak M, Ludwig S, Harrop J. Measurement techniques for lower cervical spine injuries: consensus statement of the Spine Trauma Study Group. Spine. 31: 603-609, 2006.

51. Keynan O, Fisher CG, Vaccaro A, Fehings MG, Oner FC, Dietz J, Kwon B, Rampersaud R, Bono C, France J, Dvorak M. Radiographic measurement parameters in thoracolumbar fractures: a systematic review and consensus statement of the spine trauma study group. 31: E156-E165, 2006.

52. Harrop JS, Vaccaro AR, Hurlbert RJ, Wilsey JT, Baron EM, Shaffrey CI, Fisher CG, Dvorak MF, Oner FC, Wood KB, Anand N, Anderson DG, Lim MR, Lee JY, Bono CM, Arnold PM, Rampersaud YR, Fehlings MG, Spine Trauma Study Group. Intrarater and interrater reliability and validity in the assessment of the mechanism of injury and integrity of the posterior ligamentous complex: a novel injury severity scoring system for thoracolumbar injuries. J Neurosurg Spine. 4: 118-22, 2006.

53. Medzon R, Rothenhaus T, Bono CM, Grindlinger G, Rathlev NK. Stability of cervical spine fractures after gunshot wounds to the head and neck. Spine. 30: 2274-2279.

54. Vaccaro AR, Zeiller SC, Hulbert RJ, Anderson PA, Harris M, Hedlund R, Harrop J, Dvorak M, Wood K, Felings MG, Fisher C, Lehman RA, Anderson DG, Bono CM, Kuklo T, Oner FC.. The thoracolumbar injury severity score: a proposed treatment algorithm. J Spinal Disord Tech. 18: 209-215, 2005.

55. Bibbo C, Bono CM, Lin SS. Union rates using autologous platelet concentrate alone and with bone graft in foot and ankle surgery. J Orthop Surg Adv. 14: 17-22, 2005.

56. Bono CM, Lee CK. The influence of subdiagnosis on radiographic and clinical outcomes after lumbar fusion for degenerative disc disorders: an analysis of the literature from the past two decades. Spine. 30: 227-234, 2005. (Published abstract: Spine J. 2: 100S-101S, 2002).

57. Bono CM. Case controversy 33: Cervical teardrop fracture. Opinion: posterior approach. J Orthop Trauma. 18 (9): 641-2, 2004.

58. Bono CM, Garfin SR. History and evolution of disc replacement. The Spine Journal. 4: S145-50, 2004.

59. Bono CM, Iki K, Jalota A, Dawson K, Garfin SR. Temperatures within the Lumbar Disc and Endplates during Intradiscal Electothermal Therapy (IDET): Formulation of a Predictive Temperature Map in Relation to Distance from the Catheter. Spine. 29: 1124-9.

60. Heary RF, Bono CM, Black M. Thoracic pedicle screws: postoperative computerized tomography scanning assessment. J Neurosurg Spine. 100: 325-31, 2004.

61. Grauer JN, Vaccaro AR, Beiner JM, Kown BK, Hilibrand AS, Harrop JS, Anderson G, Hurlbert J, Fehlings MG, Ludwig SC, Hedlund R, Albert TJ, Arnold PM, Bono CM, et al. Similarities and differences in the treatment of spine trauma between surgical specialties and location of practice. Spine. 29: 685-696.

62. Bono CM, Heary RF. Gunshot Wounds to the Spine. Spine J. 4: 230-240, 2004.

63. Bono CM, Lee CK. Critical analysis of trends in fusion for degenerative disc disease over the last twenty years: influence of technique on fusion rate and clinical outcome. Spine. 29: 455-463. (Published abstract: The Spine Journal. 2: 47S-48S, 2002)

64. Bono CM. Low-back pain in athletes. J Bone Joint Surgery Am. 86-A: 382-396, 2004.

65. Bono CM, Sirkin MS, Reilly MC, Sabatino CT, Tarkin I, Behrens FF. Neurovascular and tendinous damage with antero-posterior distal locking bolts in the distal tibia. J Orthop Trauma. 17: 677-82, 2003

66. Bono CM, Einhorn TA. Pathophysiology of osteoporosis and determinants of bone strength. Eur Spine J. 12 Suppl 2: S90-6, 2003.

67. Bono CM. Vertebral compression fractures: what time destroys, methylmethacrylate may mend. Cleve Clin J Med. 70: 88-90, 2003.

68. Reilly MC, Bono CM, Litkouhi B, Sirkin M, Behrens F. The effects of zone II sacral fracture malreduction on the safe placement of iliosacral screws. J Orthop Trauma. 17: 88-94, 2003.

69. Bono CM, Garfin SR. Kyphoplasty. Sem Spine Surg. 14: 320-333, 2002.

70. Heary RF, Bono CM. Conus medullaris injury after burst fractures. Top Sp Cord Rehab. 8: 21-40, 2002.

71. Heary RF, Bono CM. Circumferential fusion for lumbar spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Focus. 13: 1-12, 2002.

72. Bono CM, Garfin SR. Multi-Level Thoracic and Lumbar Kyphoplasty for Rapidly Progressing Spinal Osteoporosis in a Patient with Kyphoscoliosis. Advances in Osteoporotic Fracture Management. 1(3): 98-102, 2002.

73. Liporace FA, Bono CM, Caruso SA, Weiner B, Feldman AJ, Penny K, Grossman MG, Haher TR. The mechanical effects of suture anchor insertion angle for rotator cuff repair. Orthopedics. 25: 399-402, 2002.

74. Heary RF, Bono CM. Metastatic spine tumors. Neurosurg Focus.11: 1-9, 2001.

75. Bono CM, Renard R, Levine RG, Levy AS. Effect of greater tuberosity fracture displacement on shoulder mechanics. J Bone Joint Surg (Br). 83: 1056-62, 2001.

76. Bono CM, Berberian WS. Orthotic devices: degenerative disorders of the foot and ankle. Foot Ankle Clin. 6: 329-40, 2001.

77. Levine RG, Bono CM, Blacksin M, Hameed M, Pavlick AC, Cathcart C, Benevenia J. Ewing sarcoma in an octogenarian. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 84-A: 445-8, 2002.

78. Bono CM, Levine RG, Rao J, Behrens FF. Nonarticular proximal tibia fractures: treatment options and decision making. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 9:176-186, 2001.

79. Kauffman CP, Bono CM, Vessa PP, Swan KG. Post-operative synergistic gangrene following spinal fusion. Review Series: Infectious Diseases. 2/01: 14-16, 2001.

80. Lin SS, Bono CM, Treuting R, Shereff MJ. Limited intertarsal arthrodesis using bone grafting and wire fixation. Foot Ankle Int. 21:742-748, 2000.

81. Lin SS, Bono CM, Lee TH. Total contact casting and Keller arthroplasty for recalcitrant great toe diabetic ulcers. Foot Ankle Int. 21: 588-593, 2000.

82. Kauffman CP, Bono CM, Vessa PP, Swan KG. Postoperative synergistic gangrene after spinal fusion. Spine. 25: 1729-1732, 2000.

83. Sirkin M, Bono CM, Reilly MC, Behrens FF. Percutaneous management of tibial plateau fractures. Clin Orthop. 375: 60-68, 2000.

84. Bono CM, Grossman M, Hochwald N, Tornetta P. Radial and Axillary Nerves: Anatomical Considerations for Humeral Fixation. Clin Orthop. 373: 259-264, 2000.

85. Haher TR, Yeung AW, Caruso SA, Merola AA, Shin T, Zipnick RI, Gorup JM, Bono C. Occipital screw pullout strength: a biomechanical investigation of occipital morphology. Spine. 24: 5-9, 1999.

86. Gorup J, Merola A, Bono CM, et al. Technique for harvesting human cadaveric spines. Spine. 23:222-5, 1998.

87. Tornetta P, Hochwald N, Bono C, Grossman, C. Anatomy of the posterior interosseous nerve in relation to fixation of the radial head. Clin Orthop. 345: 215-218, 1997.

Editorship
1. Bono CM, Fisher C. Prove It! An practical evidence-based guide to spinal care. Wolters-Kluwer (LWW). In progress.

2. Lin VW, Bono CM, Cardenas DD, Cutter NC, Frost FS, Hammond MC, Lindblom LB, Perkash I, Woolsey RM. Spinal Cord Medicine: Principles and Practice, 2nd edition. Demos. In progress.

3. Tornetta P, Ricci W, Bono CM. Techniques in Fracture Surgery. Mosby. 2007. In progress.

4. Bono CM, Cannada L, spine section editor. Resident Slide Project, Orthopaedic Trauma Association. Teague D, project editor, 2007. In progress.(2nd edition)

5. Vaccaro AR, Bono CM, series editors. Minimally Invasive Orthopaedic Surgery. Informa Health Care, New York. 2007. (Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, Hand Surgery, Pain)

6. Bono CM, Vaccaro AR, editors. Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Informa Health Care, New York. 2007.

7. Bono CM, Garfin SR, editors. Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials: Spine. Tornetta P, Einhorn TA, series editors. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2004.

8. Kuklo TR, editor-in-chief, Bono CM, Dimar JR, Raschning W, Vaccaro AR, Co-editors. Spine Trauma Study Group: Radiographic Measurement Manual. Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis. 2006.

Chapters
1. Toman J, Bono CM. Spinal Nomenclature and Image Measurement Techniques Cervical Thoraco-lumbar and Sacral. In: Management of Spine and Spinal Cord Trauma: An Evidence-Based Analysis. Vaccaro, Fehlings, Dvorak. Medtronic Sofamor Danek. 2008.

2. Petfield JL, Lawrence JP, Rihn J, Harris EB, Vaccaro AR, Bono CM. The Impact of Evidence-Based Medicine in Thoracolumbar Trauma. In: Management of Spine and Spinal Cord Trauma: An Evidence-Based Analysis. Vaccaro, Fehlings, Dvorak. Medtronic Sofamor Danek. 2008.

3. Bono CM, Ogunsinde B. Post-traumatic Cervical Deformity. In: Arthritis and Arthoplasty. Ludwig S, et al, editors. Springer. 2007.

4. Toman J, Bono CM, Harris MB. Cervical Injuries: Indications and Options for Surgery. In: Spinal Cord Medicine, Yu M, Editor. Demos Publishing. 2006.

5. Heary RF, Kumar S, Bono CM. Gunshot Wounds to the Spine. Spine Trauma: Adult & Pediatric. Kim D, Ludwig S, Vaccaro A, editors. Elsevier, Philadelphia. 2006.

6. Rao R, Bono CM, Currier BL, Albert TJ. Cervical Spine: Neck Pain, Radiculopathy, and Myelopathy. Instructional Course Lecture. AAOS, Rosemont. 2007.

7. Bono CM, Bhattacharyya T. Fracture Care in the Elderly. In: Osteoporosis in Older Persons: advances in pathophysiology and therapeutic approach. Duque G, Kiel D, editors. Springer, Inc. 2006.

8. Bono CM. Cervical Corpectomy and Plate Stabilization for Subaxial Cervical Injuries. In: Techniques of Fracture Surgery. Tornetta P, Ricci W, Bono CM, editors. Mosby, Inc. 2006.

9. Bono CM. Posterior Treatment of Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures. In: Techniques of Fracture Surgery. Tornetta P, Ricci W, Bono CM, editors. Mosby, Inc. 2006.

10. Bono CM. Occipitocervical Stabilization. In: Techniques of Fracture Surgery. Tornetta P, Ricci W, Bono CM, editors. Mosby, Inc. 2006.

11. Bono CM. C1-C2 Stabilization with C1 Lateral Mass Screws. In: Techniques of Fracture Surgery. Tornetta P, Ricci W, Bono CM, editors. Mosby, Inc. 2006.

12. Bono CM. Posterior Reduction and Stabilization of Thoracolumbar Fracture-Dislocations. In: Techniques of Fracture Surgery. Tornetta P, Ricci W, Bono CM, editors. Mosby, Inc. 2006.

13. Pryor JD, Bono CM. Operative Technique: Posterior Thoracolumbar Decompression/Fusion/Instrumentation. In: Pediatric and Adult Spine Trauma. Kim DH, Ludwig SC, Vaccaro AR, editors. Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2006.

14. Bono CM, Garfin SR. Thoracic and Lumbar Kyphoplasty. In: Minimally Invasive Approaches to the Spine. Ozgur B, Garfin SR, Benzel E, editors. Springer, New York, 2006.

15. Heary RF, Kumar S, Bono CM. Gunshot wounds to the spine. In: Pediatric and Adult Spine Trauma. Kim DH, Ludwig SC, Vaccaro AR, editors. Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2006.

16. Bono CM. Adjacent level degeneration fusion techniques. In: Minimally Invasive Spinal Fusion Techniques. Lewandrowski K, editor. Summit Communications, Armonk, New York, 2006.

17. Bono CM, Toman J. Unilateral and Bilateral Facet Dislcoations. In: Challenges in Cervical Spine Surgery. Lee JY, Lim MR, Albert TJ, editors. Thieme, New York, 2006.

18. Bono CM. Spondylolysis Repair (Pars Interarticularis Repair). In: Tricks of the Trade in Spine Surgery. Vaccaro AR, Albert T, editors. Thieme, New York, 2006.

19. Bono CM, Alapatt M, Simmons C, Serhan H. Quantifying the surgical risk factors for adjacent level degeneration in the lumbar spine: a metaanalysis of the published literature. In: Innovations in Spine Reconstruction: Clinical Examples of Basic Science, Biomechanics, and Engineering. Lewandrowski K, Yaszemski MJ, Kalfas IH, Park P, McLain RF, Trantolo DJ, editors. Taylor & Francis Group, New York. 2005.

20. Bono CM, Toman J, Cabbell K, Papadopoulos SM. Cervical Whiplash. In: Cervial Spine Trauma. Vaccaro AR, Anderson PA, editors. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2005.

21. Bono CM. Prehospital Management. In: Cervial Spine Trauma. Vaccaro AR, Anderson PA, editors. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2005.

22. Bono CM. Cervical Corpectomy and Plate Stabilization for Subaxial Cervical Injuries. In: Techniques of Fracture Surgery. Tornetta P, Ricci W, Bono CM, editors. Mosby, Inc. 2006.

23. Bono CM. Posterior Treatment of Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures. In: Techniques of Fracture Surgery. Tornetta P, Ricci W, Bono CM, editors. Mosby, Inc. 2006.

24. Bono CM. Occipitocervical Stabilization. In: Techniques of Fracture Surgery. Tornetta P, Ricci W, Bono CM, editors. Mosby, Inc. 2006. 25. Bono CM. C1-C2 Stabilization with C1 Lateral Mass Screws. In: Techniques of Fracture Surgery. Tornetta P, Ricci W, Bono CM, editors. Mosby, Inc. 2006.

26. Bono CM. Posterior Reduction and Stabilization of Thoracolumbar Fracture-Dislocations. In: Techniques of Fracture Surgery. Tornetta P, Ricci W, Bono CM, editors. Mosby, Inc. 2006.

27. Bono CM, Sanfillipo J. Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic Compression Fractures. In: Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Bono CM, Vaccaro AR, editors. Marcel Dekker, New York. 2005

28. Bono CM, Pryor J. Lumbar Posterior Motion Sparing Technology: Dyanmic Rodding. In: Spinal Arthroplasty: Preservation of Motion. Vaccaro AR, editor. Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2005.

29. Bono CM, Garfin SR. Kyphoplasty. In: The Practice of Minimally Invasive Spinal Technique. Savitz MH, Chiu JC, Yeung AT, editors. AAMISMS Education, LLC, Richmond, 2005.

30. Bono CM, Agulnick MA, Grossman MG. Spinal Injuries in the Athlete. Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials: Sports Medicine. Schepsis A, editor. Lippincott Williams & Wilkiins, Philadelphia, 2005.

31. Eastlack RK, Bono CM. Fractures and Dislocation of the Thoracolumbar Spine. In: Rockwood and Green's Fractures in Adults. 6th edition. Bucholz, RW, Heckman JD, Court-Brown C, Koval K, Tornetta P, Wirth MA, editors. Lipincott Williamas & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2005.

32. Bono CM, Rinaldi M. Thoracolumbar Trauma. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Spine 3. HC Saugi, section editor. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont. 2005.

33. Bono CM. Complications of Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Spine Approaches. In: AAOS Monograph Series: Complications in Spine Surgery. Rao R, editor. AAOS, Rosemont, 2005.

34. Bono CM, Carreras E. Occipito-atlantal injuries. In: Decision Making in Spinal Care. Andergon DG, Vaccaro AR, editors. Thieme, New York. 2004.

35. Bono CM, Min W. Atlanto-axial instability. In: Decision Making in Spinal Care. Andergon DG, Vaccaro AR, editors. Thieme, New York. 2004.

36. Bono CM. Nonoperative/Bracing of Spinal Deformity. In: Spinal Deformities: The Essentials. Heary RF, Albert TJ, editors. Thieme, New York. 2004.

37. Bono CM, Accousti W. Anatomical Variants with Spinal Deformity. In: Spinal Deformities: The Essentials. Heary RF, Albert TJ, editors. Thieme, New York. 2006.

38. Bono CM. Upper Cervical Spine Trauma. In: Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials: Spine. Court-Brown C, Tornetta P, editors. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2004.

39. Bono CM. Lower Cervical Spine Trauma. In: Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials: Spine. Court-Brown C, Tornetta P, editors. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2004.

40. Bono CM, Rinaldi M. Thoracic and Lumbar Trauma. In: Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials: Spine. Court-Brown C, Tornetta P, editors. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2004.

41. Bono CM, Currier B. Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures. In: Spine Trauma. 2nd Edition. Levine AM, Eismont F, Garfin S, Zigler J, editors. Saunders, Philadelphia. 2005.

42. Bono CM. Fractures and Dislocations of the Lower Cervical Spine. In: Rockwood and Green's Fractures in Adults. 6th edition. Bucholz, RW, Heckman JD, Court-Brown C, Koval K, Tornetta P, Wirth MA, editors. Lipincott Williamas & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2005.

43. Applegate T, Bono CM. Posterior Approaches to the Sacrum. In: Surgical Anatomy and Techniques to the Spine. Kim D, Henn J, Vaccaro A, Dickman C, editors. Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia. 2004.

44. Bono CM, Parke W, Garfin SR. Vascular Anatomy of the Spine. Spine Trauma. Levine et al, editors. Saunders, Philadelphia. 2004.

45. Bono CM, Garfin SR. Non-fusion: Not Up to the Task. Non-Fusion Technologies for the Spine: Motion Preservation and Balance. Maxwell JH, editor. Quality Medical Publishing, Inc. 2004

46. Bono CM. Kyphoplasty. Best New Technologies in Spine and Pain Management from A-Z. Garfin SR, editor. SYA Press and Research, Inc.: San Diego, 2004.

47. Bono CM. Lumbar Disc Herniation. Best New Technologies in Spine and Pain Management from A-Z. Garfin SR, editor. SYA Press and Research, Inc.: San Diego, 2004.

48. Bono CM, Parke W, Garfin SR. Developmental Anatomy of the Spine. The Spine, Rothman-Simeone, Herkowitz, Garfin, Balderston, Eismont, Bell, Weisel, editors. Saunders. 2004.

49. Parke W, Bono CM, Garfin SR. Applied Anatomy of the Spine. The Spine, Rothman-Simeone, Herkowitz, Garfin, Balderston, Eismont, Bell, Weisel, editors. Saunders. 2004.

50. Bono CM, Wisneski RJ, Garfin SR. Lumbar Disc Herniations. The Spine, Rothman-Simeone, Herkowitz, Garfin, Balderston, Eismont, Bell, Weisel, editors. Saunders. 2004.

51. Bono CM, Rinaldi M. Thoracolumbar Trauma. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Trauma 3. M Baumgaertner, Tornetta P, editors. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont. 2005. Pp. 321-336.

52. Levin R, Bono CM, Garfin SR. Vertebral Discitis and Osteomyelitis. Spine: Core Knowledge in Orthopaedics. Edited by Vaccaro AR. Mosby, Philadephia, 2005. Pp. 212-225.

53. Bono CM, Garfin SR. Kyphoplasty. Endoscopic Spine Surgery and Instrumentation. Fessler R, Kim DH, editors. Thieme. 2004. Pp.

54. Heary RF, Bono CM. Lumbar stenosis. Chapter 50. Principles of Neurosurgery. Rengachary and Ellenbogen, editors. 2004. Pp.

55. Bono CM, Kauffman CP, Garfin SR. Postoperative Cervical Spine Infections. The Cervical Spine. The Cervical Spine Research Society, editorial board. Benzel E, Eismont F, Currier BL, Garfin SR, Dormans JP, Herkowtiz HN, Dvorak J, Ullrich CG, Vaccaro AR, editors. 4th Edition. 2005. Pp. 1170-78.

56. Bono CM. Cervical Approaches: Anterior and Posterior. Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials: Spine. Bono CM, Garfin SR, editors. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2004. Pp. 217-220.

57. Bono CM. Lumbar Disc Herniations, Discogenic Back Pain, and Cauda Equina Syndrome. Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials: Spine. Bono CM, Garfin SR, editors. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2004. Pp. 142-145.

58. Bono CM. Spinal Instrumentation. Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials: Spine. Bono CM, Garfin SR, editors. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2004. Pp. 252-264.

59. Lee S, Bono CM. Physical examination. Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials: Spine. Bono CM, Garfin SR, editors. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2004. Pp. 1-13.

60. Bono CM. Thoracic Spondylosis, Stenosis, and Disc Herniations. Essentials in Orthopaedics: Spine Surgery. Bono CM, Garfin SR, editors. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2004. Pp. 122-131.

61. Bono CM, Kauffman CP, Garfin SR. Surgical Options and Indications: Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty. The Lumbar Spine, 3rd Edition. HN Herkowitz, ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004. Pp. 672-682.

62. Bono CM, Kauffman CP, Eismont F, Garfin SR. Occipitocervical Fusion. Cervical Spine Research Society Atlas. 2nd Edition. H Herkowitz, editor. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004. Pp. 389-402.

63. Bono CM, Kauffman CP, Garfin SR. Posterior Approach: Occiput to T1. Cervical Spine Research Society Atlas. 2nd Edition. H Herkowitz, editor. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004. Pp. 113-120.

64. Garfin SR, Bono CM. Vertebral Body Augmentation: Kyphoplasty. Advanced Spinal Surgical Technologies. T Corbin, PJ Connoly, H Yuan, Q Bao, S Boden, editors. 2004.

65. Bono CM, Albert J, Garfin SR. Nonsurgical management of thoracolumbar fractures. In: AAOS Monograph Series: Management of Thoracolumbar Fractures. Reitman CA, editor. AAOS, Rosemont, 2004. Pp. 47-54.

66. Bono CM, Einhorn TA. Orthopaedic Complications of Osteoporosis. Primer on the Metabolic Bone Diseases and Disorders of Mineral Metabolism, 5th Edition. Published by the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 2004. Pp. 388-398.

67. Bono CM, Garfin SR. Anterior Approaches to the Cervical Spine. Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery. The Spine. DA Bradford, TA Zdeblick eds. Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins, 2004. Pp. 3-28.

68. Heary R, Bono CM. When is surgery indicated for patients with gunshot wounds to the spine? Neurotrauma: Evidence-Based Answers to Common Questions. AB Valadka, B Andrews, editors. Thieme, 2001. Chapter 42.

69. Heary R, Bono CM. Biomechanical Principles of Deformity Correction. Textbook of Neurological Surgery. H Batjer and C Loftus, editors. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2002. Chapter 175.

70. Heary R, Bono CM. Sagittal Plane Deformity of the Thoracic Spine. Textbook of Neurological Surgery. H Batjer and C Loftus, editors. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2002. Chapter 178.

71. Bono CM, Garfin SR. Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty for the Treatment of Painful Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures. Advances in Spinal Fusion. Lewandrowski KU, Wise DL, Trantolo DJ, Yaszemski MJ, White AA, editors. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York. 2004. Pp. 33-50.

72. Bono CM, Garfin SR. Spinal Osteoporosis. Orthopaedic Knowledge Online, HN Herkowitz, ed. AAOS, Rosemont. 2003.

73. Heary R, Bono CM. Gunshot Wounds to the Spine. Fractures of the Cervical, Thoracic, and Lumbar Spine. AR Vaccaro, editor. Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2002. Pp. 653-666.

74. Garfin SR, Bono CM. The Cervical Spine: Degenerative Disorders and Treatment. Save Your Aching Back and Neck. SG Eidelman, editors. SYA Press and Research, Inc.: San Diego, 2002. Pp. 81-102.

75. Heary RF, Bono CM. Surgical Indications for Whiplash Injury. Whiplash. G Malanga, S Nadler, editors. Hanley and Belfus, Phildelphia. 2002. Pp. 415-427.

76. Bono CM, Vives M, Kauffman CP. Cervical Injuries: Indications and Options for Surgery. Spinal Cord Medicine. V Lin, editor. 2002. Pp. 137-147.

77. Heary RF, Bono CM. Gunshot Wounds-Cervical Spine, Thoracic Spine, and Lumbar Spine. Master Cases: Spine Surgery. Vaccaro A, Albert T, Editors. Thieme, 2000. Pp. 286-291.

78. Cerabona FP, Caruso SA, Merola A, Bono CM, Haher TR. Biomechanics of the Anterior Column. State of the Art Reviews: Spine. Vincent J Devlin, MD, Editor. Hanley and Belfus, 1998. Pp. 755-762.

Articles Written by Christopher M. Bono, MD

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Cervical Spondylosis: Patient History and Case

Degenerative disorders of the neck are common in people age 45 plus. Bone spurs can cause a pinched spinal nerve root leading to neck, shoulder and arm pain. A patient case is presented to help you understand diagnosis and treatment.

Cervical Spinal Stenosis: Patient History and Case

Cervical stenosis means, literally, tightening or narrowing of the canal around the spinal cord. Of the degenerative disorders that can affect the spine, it is potentially the most serious. The authors present a patient case history and treatment of an active female patient in her early 60's who presents with cervical spinal stenosis.

Degenerative Cervical Spine Disorders

Neck pain can be caused by spinal degeneration (the process of aging and wear and tear). Learn which degenerative spinal conditions lead to neck pain.

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