Isador H. Lieberman, MD, MBA, FRCSC's portrait
Isador H. Lieberman, MD, MBA, FRCSC
Orthopaedic and Spinal Surgeon
Texas Back Institute
Plano, TX
Dr. Lieberman is a member of the SpineUniverse Editorial Board.

About Isador H. Lieberman, MD, MBA, FRCSC

Dr. Lieberman is a fellowship-trained orthopaedic and spinal surgeon who is board certified by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery. He holds specialist certification from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. He completed medical school and residency at the University of Toronto. He completed spine surgery and trauma surgery fellowships at the Toronto Hospital in Canada and at Queen's Medical Center in Nottingham, England. He held a full-time academic appointment at the University of Toronto and was on the academic staff of the Toronto Hospital up to his recruitment to the Cleveland Clinic. He obtained his master's degree in business administration from Cleveland State University.

He was appointed to the faculty of the Cleveland Clinic Ohio as a staff surgeon in 1997 and earned the rank of Professor of surgery at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine. He also was appointed Chairman, Department of Medical Intervention and Surgical Spine Care. He held the following joint appointments at Cleveland Clinic Ohio: Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Neurosurgery, Taussig Cancer Center, Women's Health Center, and Cleveland Clinic Spine Institute.

Dr. Lieberman specializes in the surgical treatment of spinal disorders. His clinical interests include: minimally invasive/endoscopic spinal surgery, adolescent and adult scoliosis, deformity reconstruction, cervical and lumbar degenerative disorders, including herniated discs and stenosis, spinal tumors, infections and trauma. Dr. Lieberman has a special interest in the treatment of osteoporotic compression fractures (using kyphoplasty) and also in the treatment of the musculoskeletal manifestations of multiple myeloma. Dr. Lieberman's research interests include: clinical outcomes in spinal surgery, biomechanics of spinal implants, robotics for spinal surgery, and disc replacement technologies. He has also conceived and developed a number of spinal surgery instruments and implants and has 12 issued and 12 pending US patents.

Dr. Lieberman is recognized nationally and internationally for his contributions to minimally invasive/endoscopic spinal surgery and for his contributions to the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. Through research, clinical trials, and surgical innovation, he has been instrumental in advancing the use of minimally invasive spinal surgery techniques to treat herniated discs, lumbar degenerative disorders, osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures and scoliosis. He has over 70 peer-reviewed publications and over 40 book chapters to his credit. He has presented over 150 invited lectures at universities, hospitals, national meetings and international meetings.

Dr. Lieberman has edited a book, Minimal Access Spinal Surgery. He was the senior editor for Advances in Osteoporotic Fracture Management, and is a member of the editorial review boards for Spine, the European Spine Society Journal, the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, and the Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques.

Dr. Lieberman is also recognized nationally and internationally for his contributions to continuing medical education, teaching of medical students and residents, and the training of clinical as well as research spinal fellows. He has chaired over 40 hands-on training courses teaching minimally invasive spinal surgical techniques to over 500 surgeons. He has chaired or co-chaired 4 CME courses for the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (over 200 participants). He was the co-chair of the Cleveland Clinic Hands on Spine Review Course and also co-chaired the first combined Turkish Spine Society Hands on Review Course. From 1994 on, he has trained 38 clinical spine fellows, 3 research post-graduate fellows, and currently is supervising one post-graduate research spine fellow and is mentoring 3 resident research projects.

In January 2005, Dr. Lieberman was elected to the Board of Governors for a 4-year term. He was the director of the Minimally Invasive Surgery Center and was the director of the newly established Center for Advanced Skills Training. He was selected to be a team leader for the World Class Service initiative. He chaired the Minimally Invasive Surgery Center operations committee, and sat on the International Center Advisory Board committee. He sat on the Board of Trustees Marketing committee, as well as the Conflict of Interest committee. He was instrumental in establishing the Combined Multiple Myeloma Clinic and the Multidisciplinary Vertebral Compression Fracture Clinic. He was also instrumental in establishing Health Link Canada, as well as the Cayman Island Referral Program. Dr. Lieberman also was Chairman of the Department of Medical, Interventional and Surgical Spine Care at Cleveland Clinic Florida.

Along with his Cleveland Clinic-related responsibilities, Dr. Lieberman was chairman of the Multidisciplinary Patient Care Committee and served as vice chairman of the Operative Coding Committee for the North American Spine Society. He sits on the Adult Spine Evaluation Subcommittee for the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, and he is the chair of the AAOS Maintenance of Certification course.  He also serves on the scientific advisory board for a variety of prominent medical device manufacturers and start up spine companies. In 2005, he founded the implant development company Merlot OrthopediX.

In early 2010, Dr. Lieberman joined the Texas Back Institute in Plano.

In addition to his local responsibilities Dr. Lieberman, along with Dr. Mark Kayanja, established the Uganda Charitable Spine Surgery Mission. The two and a team of surgeons visit Uganda each year to educate those who serve and treat the less privileged with spinal afflictions.

Publications

Peer Reviewed Journal Publications
1. Grynpas MD, Lieberman IH, et al. Subchondral Bone in Osteoarthritis. Calcified Tissue International, 49: pp 20 26, 1991.

2. Ogilvie Harris DJ, Lieberman IH. Arthroscopically Assisted Arthrodesis for Osteoarthritic Ankles. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 75A: pp 1167 1174, 1993.

3. Lieberman IH, Hastings D, Bogoch ER. Heterotopic Ossification after Primary Cemented and Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty Involving Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis. Canadian Journal of Surgery, 37(2), 1994.

4. Lieberman IH, Webb JK. Cervical Spine Injuries in the Elderly: The Last Ten Years in Nottingham. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 76B: pp 877 881. 1994.

5. Webb JK, Burwell RG, Cole AA, Lieberman IH. Posterior Instrumentation in Scoliosis. European Spine Journal, Vol 4, No 1, pp 2 5, 1995.

6. Catre M, Lieberman IH. Laterally Based Skin Flap for Below Knee Amputation. Journal of Trauma, Vol 43, No 5, pp 869-871, 1997.

7. Lieberman IH, Khazim R, Woodside T. Anterior Vertebral Body Screw Pull out Testing: A Comparison of Zielke, Kaneda, Universal Spine System, and Universal Spine System with Pull out Resistant Nut. Spine, Vol 23, No 8, pp 908-910, April 1998.

8. Lieberman IH, Salo PT. Thoracoscopic Techniques for Deformity Surgery. Seminars in Spine Surgery, Editor: Hu, Publisher: W.B.Saunders, Dec. 1998.

9. Lieberman IH, Webb JK. Occipito Cervical Fusion Using Posterior Titanium Plates. European Spine Journal, Vol 7, No 4, pp 308-312, 1998.

10. Lieberman IH, Willshir PC, Salo PT, Litwin DEM, Kraetschmer BG. Transperitoneal Laparoscopic Exposure for Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Spine, Vol 25, No 4, pp 509-514, 2000.

11. Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Orr RD, Kraetschmer BG. Prone Position Endoscopic Transthoracic Release with Simultaneous Posterior Instrumentation for Spinal Deformity; A Description of the Technique. Spine, Vol 25, No 17, pp 2251-2257, 2000.

12. McLain RF, Lieberman IH. Current Controversies, Endoscopic Approaches to Metastatic Thoracic Disease. Spine, Vol 25, No 14, pp 1855-1858, 2000.

13. Heniford T, Mathews BD, Lieberman IH. Laparoscopic Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Surgical Clinics of North America, Vol 80, No 5, pp 1487-1500, 2000.

14. Gill I, Meraney AM, Thomas JC, Sung GT, Novick AC, Lieberman IH. Thoracoscopic Transdiaphragmatic Adrenalectomy: The Initial Experience. J Urol, 165;1875-1881, Jun 2001.

15. Lieberman IH, Dudeney S, Reinhardt M-K, Bell G. Initial Outcome and Efficacy of Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Painful Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Spine, Vol 26, No 14, pp 1631-1637, 2001.

16. Lieberman IH, Kuzhupilly RR, Reinhardt M-K, Davros WJ. 3-D CT Volume Rendering Techniques in Endoscopic Thoracoplasty. The Spine Journal, Vol 1, No 6, pp 390-394, Nov/Dec 2001.

17. Phillips F, Ronjon P, Lieberman IH. Kyphoplasty for the Treatment of Osteoporotic and Osteolytic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Adv. Osteo Fracture Management, Vol 1, No 1, pp 7-11, 2001.

18. Brody F, Rosen M, Tarnoff M, Lieberman IH. Laparoscopic Lateral L4/L5 Disc Exposure. Surg Endosc, 16;650-653, 2002.

19. Dudeney S, Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK, Hussein M. Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Osteolytic Vertebral Compression Fractures as a Result of Multiple Myeloma. J Clin Oncol. 20:9, 2382-2387, May 2002.

20. Kuzhupilly R, Lieberman IH, McLain R, Valdevit A, Kambic H, Richmond BJ. In Vitro Stability of FRA Spacers with Integrated Crossed Screws for Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Spine, Vol 27, No 9, 923-928, 2002.

21. Hussein MA, Juturi JV, Lieberman IH. Multiple Myeloma: Present and Future. Curr Opin Oncol, 14(1):31-35, Jan 2002.

22. Phillips F, Wetzel T, Lieberman IH, Campbell-Hupp M. An in Vitro Comparison of the Potential for Extra-Vertebral Cement Leak after Vertebroplasty or Kyphoplasty. Spine, Vol 27, No 19, 2173-2179, 2002.

23. Togawa D, Bauer T, Lieberman IH, Lowery G, Takikawa S. Histology of Tissues Within Retrieved Human Titanium Mesh Cages. Spine, Vol 28, No 3, 246-254, 2003.

24. Lieberman IH, Reinhardt, MK. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty for Osteolytic Collapse. Clin Orthop. (415 Suppl), S176-86, Oct, 2003.

25. Coumans JV, Reinhardt MK, Lieberman IH. Treatment of Vertebral Compression Fractures with Kyphoplasty: One Year Clinical Outcomes From a Prospective Study. J of NeuroSurg, (Spine 1), 99:44-50, 2003.

26. Togawa D, Bauer T, Lieberman IH, Takikawa S. Histologic Evaluation of Human Vertebral Bodies after Vertebral Augmentation with Polymethylmethacrylate. Spine, Vol 28, No 14, 1521-1527, 2003.

27. Togawa D, Bauer T, Lieberman IH, Sakai H. Lumbar Intervertebral Body Fusion Cages: Histological Evaluation of Clinically Failed Cages Retrieved from Humans. J Bone Joint Surg, 86A: 70-79, 2004.

28. Kayanja MM, Ferrara LA, Lieberman IH. Distribution of Anterior Cortical Shear Strain after a Thoracic Wedge Compression Fracture. The Spine Journal, Vol 4, Issue 1, pp 76-87, 2004.

29. Harrop EJ, Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK. Primary and Secondary Osteoporosis; Incidence of Subsequent Vertebral Compression Fractures after Kyphoplasty. Spine, Vol 29, No 19, pp 2120-2125, 2004.

30. Lieberman IH. Disc Bulge Bubble; Spine Economics 101. The Spine Journal, 4(2004) 609-613, 2004.

31. Lieberman IH, Phillips F, Togawa D, Modic M, Masaryk T, Obuchowski N, Slipman CW. Vertebral Augmentation and the Limits of Interpreting Complications Reported in the Food and Drug Administration Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience Database. J Vasc Interv Radiol, 2004; 15: 1193-1196.

32. DalCanto RA, Lieberman IH, Inceoglu S, Kayanja MM, Ferrara LA. Biomechanical Comparison of Transarticular Facet Screws to Lateral Mass Plates in Two Level Instrumentations of the Cervical Spine. Spine, Vol 30, No 8, 897-902, 2005.

33. Togawa D, Bauer T, Reinhardt MK, Lieberman IH. Histological Evaluation of Biopsies Obtained From Vertebral Compression Fractures: Unsuspected Myeloma and Osteomalacia. Spine, Vol 30, No 7, pp781-786, 2005.

34. Keller TS, Kosmospoulos V, Lieberman IH. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty Affect Vertebral Motion Segment Stiffness and Stress Distribution: A Microstructural Finite Element Study. Spine,Vol 30, No 11, 11258-1265, 2005.

35. Kayanja MM, Togawa D, Lieberman IH. Biomechanical Changes Following the Augmentation of Experimental Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures in the Cadaveric Thoracic Spine. The Spine Journal, Vol 5;55-63,2005.

36. Lieberman IH, Talmadge K. Kyphoplasty for Women with Compression Fractures. Clin Rev Bone Min Met, Vol 3, No 2, 2005.

37. Kobayashi N, Bauer TW, Togawa D, Lieberman IH, Sakai H, Fujishiro T, Tuohy MJ, Procop GW. A Molecular Gram Stain using Broad Range PCR and Pyrosequencing Technology. Diag Mol Pathol, Jun; 14(2):83-89, 2005.

38. Lieberman IH, Kayanja MM, Togawa D. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty—Filler Materials. The Spine Journal, Vol 5, No 6S, pp 305S-316S Nov/Dec 2005.

39. Khanna AJ, Neubauer P, Togawa D, Reinhardt MK, Lieberman IH. Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty for the Treatment of Spinal Metastases. Supportive Cancer Therapy. Support Cancer Ther 3(1):21-25, 2005.

40. Kayanja M, Evans K, Milks R, Lieberman IH. The Mechanics of Polymethylmethacrylate Augmentation. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2006 Feb; 443:124-30.

41. Kayanja MM, Schlenk R, Togawa D, Ferrara L, Lieberman IH. Biomechanics of Single, Double and Triple Augmentation Patterns in the Cadaveric Thoraco-Lumbar Spine. Spine. 2006 Apr 1;31(7):769-74.

42. Lewandrowski KU, McLain RF, Lieberman I, Orr D. Cord and Cauda Equina Injury Complicating Elective Orthopedic Surgery. Spine. 2006 Apr 20;31(9):1056-9.

43. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, Khanna AJ, Reinhardt MK. Kyphoplasty in the United States: Clinical Results in the Cleveland Clinic. Rinsho Seikei GekaClinical Orthopaedic Surgery 2005; in press (Japan).

44. Togawa D, Kovacic J, Reinhardt MK, Bauer T, Brodke D, Lieberman IH. Radiographic and Histologic Findings of Vertebral Augmentation Using Polymethylmethacrylate in the Primate Spine: Percutaneous Vertebroplasty Versus Kyphoplasty. Spine, Vol 31, No 1, pp E1-E3, 2006.

45. Togawa D, Kayanja MM, Lieberman IH. Percutaneous Vertebral Augmentation for Osteoporotic and Osteolytic Compression Fractures. Int J Spine Surg. 2006, www.ispub.com/ostia/index.php?xmlFilePath=journals/ijss/vol1n2/vertebral.xml

46. Khanna AJ, Reinhardt MK, Togawa D, Lieberman IH. Functional Outcomes of Kyphoplasty for the Treatment of Osteoporotic and Osteolytic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Osteop Int. Jun;17(6):817-26. Epub Mar 4. 2006.

47. Kobayashi N, Bauer TW, Togawa D, Lieberman IH, Sakai H, Fujishiro T, Procop GW. The Use of Newly Real-Rime PCR for the Rapid Identification of Bacteria in Culture-Negative Osteomyelitis. Joint Bone Spine, 73, 745-47, 2006.

48. Berglund RK, Lyden SP, Tsai EC, Lieberman I, Klein EA. Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumor after Chemotherapy with Residual Mass Invading the Spine. Eur Urol. 2006 Aug; 50(2):372-4.

49. Berglund RK, Lyden SP, Tsai EC, Lieberman I, Klein EA. Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumor after Chemotherapy with Residual Mass Invading the Spine: Part 2. Eur Urol. 2006 Sep;50(3):607-8.

50. Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Kayanja MM, Reinhardt MK, Friedlander A, Knoller N, Benzel E. Bone-Mounted Miniature Robotic Guidance For Pedicle Screw and Translaminar Facet Screw Placement; Part I - Technical Development and a Test Case Result. NeuroSurg. Vol 59, No 3, pg 641-650, Sept 2006.

51. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, Kayanja MM, Reinhardt MK, Friedlander A, Knoller N, Shoham M, Balter A, Benzel E. Bone-Mounted Miniature Robotic Guidance For Pedicle Screw and Translaminar Facet Screw Placement; Part II - Evaluation of System's Accuracy. Neurosurgery 60(2) Operative Neurosurgery Supplement 1:129-139, February 2007.

52. Kayanja M, Evans K, Milks R, Lieberman IH. Adjacent Level Load Transfer Following Vertebral Augmentation in the Cadaveric Spine. Spine. Vol 31, No 21, E790-797, 2006.

53. Kobayashi N, Bauer TW, Tuohy MJ, Lieberman IH, Krebs V, Togawa D, Fujishiro T, Procop GW. The Comparison of Pyrosequencing Molecular Gram Stain, Culture and Conventional Gram Stain for Diagnosing Orthopaedic Infections. J Orthop Res 24:1641-1649, 2006.

54. Mroz T, Yamashita T, Davros W, Lieberman IH. Radiation Exposure to the Surgeon and the Patient During Kyphoplasty. JSDT. Vol.21, No.2, April, 2008.

55. Jones A, Butler J, Lieberman IH, Schlenk R. Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy in the Treatment of Postoperative Spinal Wound Infections: Beware of Complications Associated with the Vacuum-Assisted Closure (VAC) System. J Neurosurg Spine 6:407-411, 2007.

56. Jones A, Kayanja M, Milks R, Lieberman IH. Biomechanical Characteristics of Hybrid Hook-Screw Constructs in Short-Segment Thoracic Fixation. Spine, Vol 33, No 2, pp 173-177, 2008.

57. Shoham M, Lieberman IH, Benzel EC, Togawa D, Zehavi E, Zilberstein B, Roffman M, Bruskin A, Fridlander A, Joskowicz L, Brink-Danan S and Knoller N , Robotic Assisted Spinal Surgery—From Concept to Clinical Practice, Computer Aided Surgery, 12:2, 105 - 115, 2007.

58. Siemionow K, Lieberman IH. T1 Kyphoplasty for Myeloma, Case Report. Submitted for review, Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques, 2007.

59. Siemionow K, Lieberman IH. PMMA Acetabuloplasty for Lytic Periacetabular Lesions. Submitted for review, Journal of Orthopaedics, 2007.

60. Mroz TE, Klineberg EO, Steinmetz MP, Lieberman IH, Benzel EC, Wang JC. Cervical Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Submitted for review, JBJS, 2007.

61. Mroz TE, Joyce MJ, Steinmetz MP, Lieberman IH, Roberts M, Wang JC. Musculoskeletal Allograft Recalls in the United States. In print, JAAOS, 2008.

Books/Chapters in Books/Review Articles/Proceedings/Letters/Commentaries
1. Lieberman IH. The Effects of Leg Only Cold Water Immersion on Maximal Voluntary Leg Extensor Isometric Strength. U of T Dept. of Physiology, 1982.

2. Lieberman IH. The Intertransverse Ligament of the Lumbar Spine: A Discrete Entity of the Product of Merging Fascia? U of T Dept. of Anatomy, 1982.

3. Lieberman IH. Facial Surgery and Down's Syndrome: the Issues. Disadvantaged Patients and Their Families (Chalin CG, ed). U of T Faculty of Medicine, 1984.

4. Lieberman IH, Salo PT. Revision of Previously Operated Progressive Thoracic Kyphotic Deformities Using a Simultaneous Anterior Endoscopic and Posterior Open Technique. Revisions in Spine Surgery. Editors: Margulies, Aebi, Farcy. Publisher: Mosby, 1998.

5. Mclain R, Lieberman IH. Surgical Treatment of Adult Scoliosis. Operative Orthopaedics. Editors: Chapman, McLain, et al, Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Chap 159. 4101-4114, 2000.

6. Lieberman IH. Thoracoplasty. Tricks of the Trade in Spine Surgery. Editors: Albert, Vaccaro. Publisher: Thieme New York, 2000.

7. Dudeney S, Lieberman IH. Commentary on "Percutaneous Vertebroplasty in the Treatment of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures: An Open Prospective Study. Journal of Rheumatology, Vol 27(10), p 2526, 2000.

8. Lieberman IH. Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update (OKU) Spine 2, Editors: Fardon, Publisher: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2001.

9. Lieberman IH. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Vertebral Osteoporotic Compression Fractures. Editors: Szpalski, Gunzburg, Publisher: Lippincott Williams Wilkens. 2003.

10. Lieberman IH. The Clinical Results of Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Osteoporotic and Osteolytic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. Editors: Resnick, Barr, Garfin. Publisher: Thieme Medical Publishers & American Association of Neurological Surgeons. 2003.

11. Harrop EJ, Lieberman IH. Remote and Adjacent Fractures after Kyphoplasty. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. Editors: Resnick, Barr, Garfin. Publisher: Thieme Medical Publishers & American Association of Neurological Surgeons. 2003.

12. Coumans JV, Khanna AJ, Lieberman IH. Minimally Invasive Approaches to Spinal Metastases: Endoscopic Surgery and Vertebral Augmentation. Cancer in the Spine: Comprehensive Care. Editors: McLain RF, Markman M, Bukowski RM, Macklis R, Benzel EC, Humana Press Inc, Totowa, NJ, 2006, p 285-294.

13. Lieberman IH. Vertebral Augmentation for Osteoporotic and Osteolytic Vertebral Compression Fractures; Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. Progress in Neurological Surgery; Advances in Spinal Stabilization. Editors: Haid, Subach & Rodts. Publisher: Karger Publishing. 2002.

14. Lieberman IH. Kyphoplasty, Its Indications and Techniques. Instructional Course Lectures, Volume 52. Editor: Ferlic, Publisher: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2003.

15. Leon S, Lieberman IH. Cervical Spine Outcome Tools. The Cervical Spine 4th Edition. Editors: Clark, Benzel. Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2002.

16. Moore T, Lieberman IH. Laparoscopic Lumbar Fusions. Advanced Spinal Surgery Technologies. Editors: Connolly, Yuan & Corbin. Publisher: Quality Medical Publishing. 2002.

17. Fleming JE, Muschler GF, Boehm C, Lieberman IH, McLain RF. Intraoperative Harvest and Concentration of Human Bone Marrow Osteoprogenitors for Enhancement of Spinal Fusion. Tissue Engineering, Editors: Caplan AI, Goldberg VM, 2003.

18. Lieberman IH. Letter to Editor, Spine, Re; Verlan JJ, Van Helden WH, et al. Balloon Vertebroplasty with Calcium Phosphate Cement for Direct Restoration of Traumatic Thoraco-lumbar Vertebral Fractures. Spine 2002;27:543-548. Spine Vol 27, No 20, pp2300, 2002.

19. Lieberman IH. Commentary , Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques, Re; Treatment of Lower Lumbar Radiculopathy Caused by Osteoporotic Compression Fracture: The Role of Vertebroplasty. Jour Spine Dis & Tech, Vol 15, No 6, pp 461-468, 2002.

20. Lieberman IH. Prone Position Endoscopic Approach for Deformity Surgery. Minimal Access Spine Surgery. Editors: Regan & Lieberman. Publisher: Quality Medical Publishing. 2003.

21. Brody F, Lieberman IH. Laparoscopic L4L5 Disc Exposure. Minimal Access Spine Surgery. Editors: Regan & Lieberman. Publisher: Quality Medical Publishing. 2003.

22. An HS, Andersson G, Lieberman I, Riew D, Transfeldt E. Minimally Invasive Surgery for Lumbar Degenerative Disorders. Part I. Indications and Patient Selection; Surgical Procedures for Herniated Discs. Am J Orthop. 2000 Nov;29(11):856-62.

23. An HS, Andersson G, Lieberman I, Riew D, Transfeldt E. Minimally Invasive Surgery for Lumbar Degenerative Disorders: Part II. Degenerative Disc Disease and Lumbar Stenosis. Am J Orthop. 2000 Dec;29(12):937-42.

24. Lieberman IH, Lozado L, Mack M, Aronoff R. Anaesthetic Issues for Minimal Access Spinal Surgery. Minimal Access Spine Surgery. Editors: Regan & Lieberman. Publisher: Quality Medical Publishing. 2003.

25. Lieberman IH. Decision Making in the Treatment of Adult Scoliosis. Minimal Access Spine Surgery. Editors: Regan & Lieberman. Publisher: Quality Medical Publishing. 2003.

26. Lieberman IH, Reilly M. Minimally Invasive Vertebral Body Augmentation and Reconstruction for Osteoporotic and Osteolytic Wedge Compression Fractures. Minimal Access Spine Surgery. Editors: Regan & Lieberman. Publisher: Quality Medical Publishing. 2003.

27. Truumees E, Lieberman IH, Fessler R, Regan J. Minimally Invasive Spinal Decompression and Stabilization techniques: The Thoracic Spine. Spine Surgery II: Techniques Complications Avoidance and Management. Editor: Benzel. Publisher: Elsevier Publishing. 2004.

28. Benzel E, Lieberman IH, Ferrara L. Bone Void Fillers: Bone and Bone Substitutes. Spine Surgery II: Techniques Complications Avoidance and Management. Editor: Benzel. Publisher: Elsevier Publishing. 2004.

29. Togawa D, Lieberman IH. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. Spine Surgery II: Techniques Complications Avoidance and Management. Editor: Benzel. Publisher: Elsevier Publishing. 2004.

30. Ohaegbulam C, Trost G, Lieberman IH, Eichler M. Education and Knowledge-Base Acquisition and Retention. Spine Surgery II: Techniques Complications Avoidance and Management. Editor: Benzel. Publisher: Elsevier Publishing. 2004.

31. Togawa D, Bauer T, Eckhardt J, Ferarra L, Lieberman IH, Benzel E. Osteointegration. Spine Surgery II: Techniques Complications Avoidance and Management. Editor: Benzel. Publisher: Elsevier Publishing. 2004.

32. Togawa D, Lieberman IH. Management of Symptomatic Vertebral Compression Fractures with Kyphoplasty: Technique & Pitfalls. Spine Surgery II: Techniques Complications Avoidance and Management. Editor: Benzel. Publisher: Elsevier Publishing. 2004.

33. Prpa B, Whitfield M, Lieberman IH. Interbody Cages. Spine Surgery II: Techniques Complications Avoidance and Management. Editor: Benzel. Publisher: Elsevier Publishing. 2004.

34. Prpa B, Bridwell K, Lieberman IH. Treatment of Scheurmann's Kyphosis. Spine Surgery II: Techniques Complications Avoidance and Management. Editor: Benzel. Publisher: Elsevier Publishing. 2004.

35. Togawa D, Lieberman IH. Thoracic Kyphoplasty: Pain, Biomechanics and Technique. Non-Fusion Techniques for the Spine: Motion Preservation and Balance. Editor: Maxwell. Publisher: Quality Medical Publishing. 2006.

36. Lieberman IH. Combined Prone Position Thoracoscopic Anterior Release and Posterior Instrumentation for Deformity Surgery. Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Editor: Kim. 2004.

37. Phillips FM, Lieberman IH, Hurford RK, Lenke LG, Orr RD, Riew KD, Won DS. Selective Exposures in Orthopaedic Surgery. The Spine. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2004.

38. Togawa D, Lieberman IH. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. Decision Making in Spinal Care. Chapter 56: Editors: Vaccaro and Anderson., Publisher: Thieme Medical Publishers Inc., in press, 2005.

39. Lieberman IH, Togawa D. Vertebral Augmentation for Osteoporotic Compression Fractures. Atlas of Arthroscopic and Endoscopic Spinal Surgery. Chapter 11: Editor: Kambin, Publisher: The Humana Press, Inc., 2004.

40. Togawa D, Lieberman IH. Kyphoplasty: Indications, Contra-indications, and Evidenced Based Outcomes. Interventional Spine; an Algorithmic Approach. Chapter 45 Editors: Slipman, Derby, Simeone, and Mayer. Publisher: Elsevier, Ltd., in press, 2007.

41. Mekhail A, Lieberman IH. Thoracoscopic Surgery: Clinical Applications. Rothman & Simeone, The Spine 5th edition. Chapter 66: Editors: Herkowitz et al. Publisher Elsevier Inc, 2005.

42. Lieberman IH, Goins M, An H, Phillips F. Summary Statement: Kyphoplasty and Nucleus Pulposus Prosthesis. The Spine Journal, Vol 5, No 6S, pp 305S-316S Nov/Dec 2005.

43. Togawa D, Schlenk R, Lieberman IH. Cement Emboli in Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Jul;185(1):277.

44. Pateder D, Lieberman IH, Khanna AJ. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty for the Management of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Orth Clin N Am, Vol 38, Issue 3, pg 409-418, July, 2007.

45. Abbed K, Lieberman IH. Medical and Surgical Treatment of Cervical Radiculopathy: Pathoanatomy, Workup and When to Refer. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine. CME article. In press, 2007.

46. Diulus CA, Shedid D, Lieberman IH. Osteotomies for Correction of Pediatric Spine Deformities. Surgery of the Pediatric Spine. Editors: Kim, Betz, Huhn, Newton. Thieme Medical Publishers. 2007.

47. Pateder D, McLain R, Bell G, Lieberman IH, Brems J. Musculoskeletal Mimics of Back and Neck Pain. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine. CME article. In press, 2007.

48. Shedid D, Togawa D, Lieberman IH. Kyphoplasty; Vertebral Augmentation for Compression Fractures. Clin Geriatr Med. 22(3):535-544, Aug 2006.

49. Shedid D, Lieberman IH. Kyphoplasty. Spine Surgery, Operative Techniques. Editors: Vaccaro, Baron. Saunders Elsevier Publishers. 2007.

50. Diulis C, Lieberman IH. Thoracoplasty. Tricks of the Trade in Spine Surgery, 2nd edition. Editors: Albert, Vaccaro, Publisher: Thieme New York, 2007.

51. Siemionow K, Lieberman IH. Vertebral Augmentation in Osteoporosis and Bone Metastasis. Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care. In print, 2007.

52. Lieberman IH. Commentary on; Surgery Reduced Pain and Disability in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Better Than Nonoperative Treatment. Malmivara et al. JBJS Vol 89-A, No 8, Aug 2007, pg 1872.

53. Siemionow K, Lieberman IH. Vertebral Augmentation, the Literature in Support of Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. Evidenced Based Orthopaedics. Editors: Wright, Ahn. Publisher: Elsevier, Philadelphia, In print, 2007.

54. Lieberman I. Osteoporosis: a Bare Bones Look. Provider. 2007 Sep;33(9):51-2, 54, 56.

Abstracts
1. Lieberman IH, Bogoch ER, Grynpas MD. Morphology and Mineralization of Bone in the Femoral Heads of Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients. Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society, Ottawa, Ontario. Proceedings of the Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society, 1988.

2. Lieberman IH, Hastings D, Bogoch ER. Heterotopic Ossification after Primary Cemented and Noncemented Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients with Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. American Orthopaedic Residents Association, Ann Arbour, Michigan. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Transactions 1992: 16(2): pp 329.

3. Lieberman IH, Beaton D, Richards RR. Functional Outcome after Posterior Shoulder Repair. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, New Orleans, Louisiana. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Transactions 1994.

4. Cole AA, Kerslake D, Calthorpe I, Lieberman IH, O'Dowd J, Webb JK. A Long Term Evaluation of the Intervertebral Discs below Zielke VDS in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. British Scoliosis Society, Windermere, United Kingdom. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthop Transactions 1995: 77 B: pp 258.

5. Lieberman IH, Webb JK. Cervical Spine Injuries in the Elderly. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Orlando, Florida. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Transactions 1995.

6. O'Dowd J, Cole AA, Kerslake RW, Calthorpe D, Lieberman IH, Webb JK. A Long Term Evaluation of Clinical Outcome Following Zielke VDS in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. British Scoliosis Society, Windermere, United Kingdom. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Transactions 1995: 77 B: pp 258.

7. Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Litwin D. Endoscopic Anterior Lumbar Fusion for Degenerative Disc Disease. Technique & Preliminary Results. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Halifax, Nova Scotia. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Transactions 1995: 77 B: pp 308.

8. Lieberman IH, Webb JK. Occipito cervical Fusion Using Posterior Titanium Plates. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Halifax, Nova Scotia. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Trans 1995: 77 B: pp 309.

9. Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Deber R, Kraetschmer N. Shared Decision Making in Patients with Back Pain. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Halifax, Nova Scotia. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Transactions 1995: 77 B: pp 308.

10. Lieberman IH, Asante DK, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. A Prospective Study to Determine the Outcome of Surgery in the Treatment of Spinal Stenosis using the Oswestry Disability Index and the SF 36 Health Survey. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Quebec City, Quebec. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Transactions 1996.

11. Lieberman IH, Litwin DE, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. Anterior Interbody Fusion using the BAK Device: Pitfalls and Complications. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Quebec City, Quebec. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Transactions 1996.

12. Lieberman IH, Salo PT. Endoscopic Transthoracic Release and Bone Grafting with Simultaneous Posterior Instrumentation and Correction for Spinal Deformity. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Quebec City, Quebec. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Transactions 1996.

13. Lieberman IH, Woodside T. Anterior Vertebral Body Screw Testing: Comparison of Zielke, Kaneda, USS, and USS with Pull out Resistant Washer. Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society, Quebec City, Quebec. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Transactions 1996.

14. Backstein D, Hutchison CR, Lieberman IH. An Evaluation of a Course in Spinal Endoscopy. Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society, Hamilton. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery British, Orthopaedic Trans 1997.

15. Kiriakopoulos ET, Mikulis DJ, Lieberman IH. Dynamic 3D MRI of the Lumbar Spine, Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society, Hamilton. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Trans 1997.

16. Lewis S, Woodside T, Asante D, Lieberman IH. The Effect of Transpedicular Vertebral Body Cementing on Vertebral Body Strength. Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society, Hamilton, Ontario. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery British, Orthopaedic Transactions 1997.

17. Lieberman IH, Orr RD, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. The Results of Simultaneous Endoscopic Anterior Release and Posterior Instrumentation for Spinal Deformity. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Hamilton, Ontario. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orth Transactions Vol 80-B 1998.

18. Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. Multiple Level Endoscopic Transperitoneal Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Hamilton, Ontario. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Orthopaedic Transactions Vol 80-B 1998.

19. Lieberman IH, Bauer T, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. Histology of a Retrieved Interbody Fusion Cage. NASS. San Francisco. 1998.

20. Lieberman IH, Willsher PT, Salo PT, Litwin D. Transperitoneal Laparoscopic Exposure for Lumbar Interbody Fusion. NASS. San Francisco. 1998.

21. Lieberman IH, Dudeney S, Phillips F. Inflatable Bone Tamp Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Osteoporotic Compression Fractures. Presented at Eurospine 2000. Euro Spine Journal, Vol 9, No 4, pp 287, 2000.

22. Harrop J, Reinhardt MK, Lieberman IH, Prpa B. Steroid Induced Osteoporosis: Relationship to Subsequent Compression Fractures after Kyphoplasty. Proceedings of NASS 17th Annual Meeting. The Spine Journal, Vol 2, No 5S, 95S, 2002.

23. Harrop J, Reinhardt MK, Lieberman IH, Prpa B. Incidence of Remote and Adjacent Fractures after Kyphoplasty. Proceedings of NASS 17th Annual Meeting. The Spine Journal, Vol 2, No 5, 122S, 2002.

24. Coumans JV, Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK. A Prospective Kyphoplasty Study. Proceedings of 70th AAOS Annual Meeting. New Orleans, Feb 2003.

25. Kovacic J, Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Bauer T, Brodke D, Reinhardt MK. The Gross & Histologic Behavior of PMMA in the Primate Vertebral Column after Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty. Euro Spine J(2003) 12(Suppl.1):S1.

26. Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK, Hussein M. Clinical Outcome of Vertebral Augmentation for Osteolytic Collapse. Eur Spine J 2003)12(Suppl.1):S2.

27. Togawa D, Bauer T, Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK. Occult Osteomalacia and Myeloma in Patients with Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Euro Spine J (2003) 12 (Suppl.1): S1.

28. Kayanja M, Ferrara L, Lieberman IH. Distribution of Anterior Cortical Strain in a Simulated Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fracture. The Spine Journal, Vol 3, No 5S, pp 137, 2003.

29. Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK, Hussein M. Clinical Outcome of Vertebral Augmentation for Osteolytic Collapse. The Spine Journal,Vol 3, No 5S, pp 146, 2003.

30. Dalcanto R, Ferrara L, Inceoglu S, Kayanja M, Lieberman IH. Biomechanical Comparison of Transarticular Facet Screws to Lateral Mass Plates in Two Level Fusions of the Cervical Spine. The Spine Journal, Vol 3, No 5S, pp 168, 2003.

31. Youssef J, Brodke D, Haynesworth S, Lauryssen C, Lieberman IH, Wang J, Patel T. Selective Cell Retention Technology in Spinal Fusion. The Spine Journal, Vol 3, No 5S, pp 114, 2003.

32. Kovacic J, Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Bauer T, Brodke D, Reinhardt MK. The Gross & Histologic Behavior of PMMA in the Primate Vertebral Column after Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty. The Spine Journal, Vol 3, No 5S, pp 79, 2003.

33. Togawa D, Bauer T, Lieberman IH, Sakai H, Reinhardt MK. Unsuspected Myeloma and Low Grade Osteomalacia in Patients with Vertebral Compression Fractures. Proceedings AAOS 71st annual meeting, pp 544, 2004.

34. Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK, Hussein M. Clinical Outcome of Vertebral Augmentation for Osteolytic Collapse. Proceedings AAOS 71st annual meeting, pp 545, 2004.

35. Kovacic J, Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Bauer T, Brodke D, Reinhardt MK. The Gross & Histologic Behavior of PMMA during Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty. Proceedings AAOS 71st annual meeting, pp 545, 2004.

36. Khanna J, Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK. The Clinical and Functional Outcome of Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Proceedings Spine Week 2004, Spine Society of Europe Annual Meeting, pp 779, 2004.

37. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, Bauer TW, Reinhardt MK. A Diagnostic Biopsy Can Be Helpful for Vertebral Compression Fractures; Osteomalacia and Unsuspected Myeloma. Proceedings Spine Week 2004, Spine Society of Europe Annual Meeting, pp 846, 2004.

38. Lieberman IH, Hussein M, Reinhardt MK. Clinical Outcome of Vertebral Augmentation for Osteolytic Collapse. Proceedings Spine Week 2004, Spine Society of Europe Annual Meeting, pp 285, 2004.

39. Kovacic J, Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Bauer T, Brodke D, Reinhardt MK. The Behavior of PMMA During Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty in the Primate Spine. Proceedings Spine Week 2004, Spine Society of Europe Annual Meeting, pp 783, 2004.

40. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, McLain RF, Fleming JE, Reinhardt, MK, Boehm C, Muschler GF. Selective Stem Cell Retention for Intraoperative Preparation of Composites Enriched with Bone Marrow Aspirates for Spine Surgery. Trans. of the 11th annual meeting of International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Bermuda, 2004.

41. Khanna AJ, Togawa D, Stefancin J, Holman P, Reinhardt MK, Lieberman IH. Clinical and Functional Outcomes of Kyphoplasty for Vertebral Compression Fractures. Trans. of the 11th annual meeting of International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Bermuda, 2004.

42. Khanna AJ, Reinhardt MK, Togawa D, Stefancin J, Holman P, Lieberman IH. Functional Outcomes of Kyphoplasty for the Treatment of Spinal Metastases. Trans. of the 11th annual meeting of International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Bermuda, 2004.

43. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, McLain RF, Richmond BJ, Fleming JE, Reinhardt, MK. Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using Allograft Composites Enriched with Bone Marrow Derived Cells Prepared by Selective Stem Cell Retention. Trans. of the 11th annual meeting of International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Bermuda, 2004.

44. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, McLain RF, Fleming JE, Reinhardt MK, Boehm C, Muschler GF. Selective Stem Cell Retention for Inraoperative Preparation of Composites Enriched with Bone Marrow Aspirates for Spine Surgery. Trans. of the 39th annual meeting of Scoliosis Research Society 2004, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

45. Khanna AJ, Reinhardt MK, Togawa D, Stefancin J, Holman P, Lieberman IH. Functional Outcomes of Kyphoplasty for the Treatment of Spinal Metastases. Trans. of the 39th annual meeting of Scoliosis Research Society 2004, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

46. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, McLain RF, Fleming JE, Reinhardt, MK, Boehm C, Muschler GF. Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using Allograft Enriched with Bone Marrow Derived Cells Prepared by Selective Stem Cell Retention—Results of Clinical and Radiographic Studies and in Vitro Assay. Trans. of the 19th annual meeting of North American Spine Society, Chicago, 2004.

47. Khanna AJ, Reinhardt MK, Togawa D, Stefancin J, Holman P, Lieberman IH. Clinical and Functional Outcomes of Kyphoplasty for Vertebral Compression Fractures. Trans. of the 19th annual meeting of North American Spine Society, Chicago, 2004.

48. Kayanja MM, Togawa D, Lieberman IH. Biomechanics of Prophylactic and Post Fracture Augmentation of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures in the Thoraco-lumbar Spine. Trans. of the 19th annual meeting of North American Spine Society, Chicago, 2004.

49. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, McLain RF, Richmond BJ, Fleming JE, Reinhardt, MK. Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using Allograft Enriched with Bone Marrow Derived Cells Prepared by Selective Stem Cell Retention. Trans. of the 19th annual meeting of North American Spine Society, Chicago, 2004.

50. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, McLain RF, Fleming JE, Richmond BJ, Reinhardt MK, Boehm C, Muschler GF. Efficacy of Selective Stem Cell Retention for Bone Marrow Aspirates—Clinical and Radiographic Results of Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Trans. of Bone Summit 2004, Cleveland, 2004.

51. Wang J, Youssef J, Lieberman IH, Brodke D, Lauryssen, Haynesworth S, Muschler GF. A Prospective Multi-Center Study of Selective Osteoprogenitor Cell Retention for Enhancement of Lumbar Spinal Fusion. Trans. of the 12th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Banff, Canada, 2005.

52. Togawa D, Glaser JA, Merritt J, O'Dell J, Schlenk R, Wildstein M, Reinhardt MK, Lieberman IH. Vertebral Height Measurements Restored by Positioning, Inflation of Bone Tamp, and Cement Deposition during Kyphoplasty; Blinded Sagittal Angle and Un-blinded Index Level Measurements. Trans. of the 12th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Banff, Canada, 2005.

53. Bae H, Maurer P, Peppelman W, Beutler W, Linovitz R, Westerlund E, Peppers T, Lieberman IH, Kim C. Clinical Experience Using a Novel Bio-composite for Treating Vertebral Compression Fractures in Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty; Report on the First Forty Patients. Trans. of the 12th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Banff, Canada, 2005.

54. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, Benzel E, Kayanja M, Reinhardt MK, Zahavi E. Bone Mounted Miniature Robot for Spinal Surgery. Accurate Insertion for Pedicle Screws and Translaminar Facet Screws in Cadaveric Experiments. Trans. of the 12th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Banff, Canada, 2005.

55. Lee YP, Togawa D, Rosneck J, Lieberman IH. Efficacy of Pull-out Resistant Nuts in Preventing Screw Pullout in Anterior Spinal Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic and Adult Scoliosis. Trans. of the 12th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Banff, Canada, 2005.

56. Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Khanna AJ, Reinhardt MK, Stefancin J, Holman P: Clinical results of Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic and Osteolytic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Proceedings of World Spine III Interdisciplinary Congress on Spine Care, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 2005.

57. Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Reinhardt MK, McLain R, Richmond B, Fleming JE, Boehm C, Muschler G: Two Year Follow up for Lumbar Interbody Fusion using Allograft Composites Augmented with Osteoprogenitors Selected by Stem Cell Retention System. Proceedings of World Spine III Interdisciplinary Congress on Spine Care, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 2005.

58. Kayanja M, Evans K, Togawa D, Lieberman IH. Adjacent Vertebral Level Load Transfer Following Augmentation using the Technique of Kyphoplasty with Polymethylmethacrylate for Vertebral Compression Fractures. Proceedings of World Spine III Interdisciplinary Congress on Spine Care, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 2005.

59. Togawa D, Glaser J, Merritt J, Reinhardt MK, Schlenk R, Lieberman IH. Analysis of Postural Versus Procedural Vertebral Height Reduction during Kyphoplasty: Index Level and Blind Sagittal Angle Measurements. Proceedings of the North American Spine Society 20th Annual Meeting. The Spine Journal July/August, Vol 5, No 4S, Pg 16S.

60. Bae H, Maurer P, Peppelman W, Beutler w, Linovitz R, Westerlund E, Peppers T, Lieberman IH. Characteristics and Clinical Experience using a Novel Bioceramic for Treating Vertebral Compression Fractures in Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty: Report of the First 40 Patients. Proceedings of the North American Spine Society 20th Annual Meeting. The Spine Journal July/August, Vol 5, No 4S, Pg 18S.

61. Kayanja M, Evans K, Togawa D, Lieberman IH. Adjacent Vertebral Strain and Centrum Load Following Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Proceedings of the North American Spine Society 20th Annual Meeting. The Spine Journal July/August, Vol 5, No 4S, pp16S.

62. Togawa D, Glaser J, Merritt J, Reinhardt MK, Schlenk R, Lieberman IH. Height Restoration Analysis: Positioning Versus Procedure during Kyphoplasty. Proceeding AAOS 26th annual meeting. March 2006, Paper 345, pp 715.

63. Togawa D, Kayanja M, Benzel E,Reinhardt MK, Knoller N, Friedlander A, Lieberman IH. Bone Mounted Miniature Robotic Guidance for Pedicle and Translaminar Facet Screw Placement. Proceeding AAOS 26th annual meeting. March 2006, Poster 368, pp 721.

64. Mroz T, Yamashita T, Davros W, Lieberman IH. Radiation Exposure to the Patient and the Surgeon During Kyphoplasty. Trans. of the 13th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Athens, Greece, 2006.

65. Mroz T, Yu W, Melillo A, Lieberman IH. Difference of X-ray Versus MRI in Detecting and Quantifying Lumbar Spondylolisthesis. Trans. of the 13th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Athens, Greece, 2006.

66. Lieberman IH, Yamashita T, Tsai E, Kayanja M, Milks R. The Biomechanics of Sacral Insufficiency Fractures. Trans. of the 13th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Athens, Greece, 2006.

67. Yamashita T, Kayanja M, Milks R, Lieberman IH. Radiographic Landmarks of the Sacrum. Trans. of the 13th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Athens, Greece, 2006.

68. Shen M, Bae H, Lieberman IH, et al. Clinical Experience Using a Novel Bio-ceramic for Treating Vertebral Compression Fractures with One to Two Year Follow-up. Proceedings of the North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting. The Spine Journal Sept/Oct, Vol 6, No 5S, Pg 27S.

69. Mroz T, Lieberman IH, Yamashita T, Davros W. Radiation Exposure to the Patient and Surgeon During Kyphoplasty. Proceedings of the North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting. The Spine Journal Sept/Oct, Vol 6, No 5S, Pg 52S.

70. Kayanja M, Lieberman IH, Yamashita T, Tsai E, Milks R. The Biomechanics of Insufficiency Fractures and Augmentation of the Sacrum. Proceedings of the North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting. The Spine Journal Sept/Oct, Vol 6, No 5S, Pg 96S.

71. Mroz T, Lieberman IH, Yu W, Melillo A, Tozzi J. Difference of X-ray Versus MRI in Detecting and Quantifying Lumbar Spondylolisthesis. Proceedings of the North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting. The Spine Journal Sept/Oct, Vol 6, No 5S, Pg 151S.

72. Yamashita T, Kayanja M, Milks R, Lieberman IH. Radiographic Landmarks of the Sacrum. Proceedings of the North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting. The Spine Journal Sept/Oct, Vol 6, No 5S, Pg 152S.

73. Mroz T, Lieberman IH, Yamashita T, Davros W. Radiation Exposure to the Patient and Surgeon During Kyphoplasty. Trans. of the 41st annual meeting of Scoliosis Research Society 2006, Monterey, CA, USA.

74. Mroz T, Lieberman IH, Yamashita T, Davros W. Radiation Exposure to the Patient and Surgeon During Kyphoplasty. (Poster Presentation) AAOS annual meeting, 2007.

75. Lieberman IH, Hardenbrook M, Deitl R, et al. Experience with Miniature Robot for Spinal Surgery: 67 cases. Proceedings of World Spine IV, Istanbul, Turkey, July 2007, paper 120, pg 89.

76. Diulis C, Lee Y, Reinhardt MK, Lieberman IH. Clinical Experience with Anterior Spinal Fusion with Pullout Resistant Nuts. Proceedings of World Spine IV, Istanbul, Turkey, July 2007, poster 162, pg 158.

77. Lieberman IH, Hardenbrook M, Wang J, Guyer R, Khanna J. Radiation Exposure using Miniature Robotic Guidance for Spinal Surgery. Proceedings of the 22nd NASS annual mtg, Austin Tx, Oct 2007. T Spine J, Sep/Oct, Vol 7, No 5S, pp 152S.

78. Jones A, Kayanja M, Milks R, Lieberman IH. Biomechanics of Posterior Hybrid Constructs Using Laminar Hooks and Pedicle Screws in Short Segment Thoracic Fixation. Proceedings of the 22nd NASS annual mtg, Austin Tx, Oct 2007. T Spine J, Sep/Oct, Vol 7, No 5S, pp 155S.

79. Mroz T, Klineberg, Lieberman IH. Radiation Exposure During Percutaneous Pedicle Screw Placement. Proceedings of the 22nd NASS annual mtg, Austin Tx, Oct 2007. T Spine J, Sep/Oct, Vol 7, No 5S, pp 62S.

Books Edited
1. Minimal Access Spine Surgery, Textbook of Spinal Surgery, Publisher: Quality Medical Publishing, Editors; Regan & Lieberman, 2003.

2. Advances in Osteoporotic Fracture Management, Publisher; REMEDICA Publishers, Senior Editor; Lieberman, 2003 - 2007.

Peer Reviewed Papers Read at Scientific Meetings
1. Lieberman IH, Bogoch ER, Grynpas MD. Morphology and Mineralization of Bone in the Femoral Heads. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Ottawa, Ontario, Jun 1988.

2. Lieberman IH, Hastings D, Bogoch ER. Heterotopic Ossification after Primary Cemented and Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty Involving Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis. American Orthopaedics Residents Association, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Apr 1992.

3. Lieberman IH, Hastings D, Bogoch ER. Heterotopic Ossification after Primary Cemented and Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty Involving Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis. Canadian Orthopaedics Residents Association, Montreal, Quebec, May 1992.

4. Lieberman IH, Beaton D, Richards RR. Functional Outcome Following Posterior Shoulder Repair. Harlow Wood Hospital, Malkin Day Lectures, Division of Orthopaedics, Nottingham, United Kingdom, Apr 1993.

5. Lieberman IH, Webb JK. Occipito-cervical Fusion using Posterior Titanium Plates. British Cervical Spine Society, Glasgow, Scotland, Sep 1993.

6. Lieberman IH, Beaton D, Richards RR. Functional Outcome Following Posterior Shoulder Repair. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, New Orleans, Louisiana, Feb 1994.

7. Lieberman IH, Webb JK. Cervical Spine Injuries in the Elderly. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Orlando, Florida, Feb 1995.

8. Lieberman IH, Salo P, Litwin D. Endoscopic Anterior Lumbar Fusion for Degenerative Disc Disease: Technique and Preliminary Results. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Jun 1995.

9. Lieberman IH, Webb JK. Occipito cervical Fusion Using Titanium Plates: Indications Techniques and Examples. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Jun 1995.

10. Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Deber R, Kraetschmer N. Shared Decision making in Patients with Back Pain. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Jun 1995.

11. Asante DK, Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. A Prospective Study to Determine the Outcome of Surgery in the Treatment of Spinal Stenosis using the Oswestry Disability Index and the SF 36 Health Survey. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Quebec City, Quebec, May 1996.

12. Lieberman IH, Litwin DE, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. Anterior Interbody Fusion using the BAK Device: Pitfalls and Complications. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Quebec City, Quebec, May 1996.

13. Lieberman IH, Woodside T. Anterior Vertebral Body Screw Testing: Comparison of Zielke, Kaneda, USS, and USS with Pullout Resistant Washer. Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society, Quebec City, Quebec, May 1996.

14. Lieberman IH, Salo PT. Endoscopic Transthoracic Release and Bone Grafting with Simultaneous Posterior Instrumentation and Correction for Spinal Deformity. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Quebec City, Quebec, May 1996.

15. Lieberman IH, Asante D, Kraetschmer BG. A Prospective Outcome Study using the Oswestry Disability Index and the SF 36 Health Survey in the Treatment of Spinal Stenosis. North American Spine Society, Vancouver, British Columbia, Oct 25, 1996.

16. Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. Simultaneous Endoscopic Transthoracic Release and Posterior Instrumentation for Spinal Deformity. North American Spine Society, Vancouver, British Columbia, Oct 25, 1996.

17. Lieberman IH, Woodside T. Anterior Vertebral Screw Pull Out Testing: Comparison with a Pull Out Resistant Nut. North American Spine Society, Vancouver, British Columbia, Oct 26, 1996.

18. Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. Multiple Level Endoscopic Transperitoneal Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Hamilton, Ontario, Jun 1997.

19. Lieberman IH, Orr RD, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. The Results of Simultaneous Endoscopic Anterior Release and Posterior Instrumentation for Spinal Deformity. Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Hamilton, Ontario, Jun 1997.

20. Lieberman IH, Orr RD, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. The Results of Simultaneous Endoscopic Anterior Release and Posterior Instrumentation for Spinal Deformity. Combined Meeting of English Speaking Orthopaedic Associations. Auckland New Zealand, Feb 1998.

21. Lieberman IH, Davros W, Kuzhupilly RR. Utility of 3-D CT Volume Rendering in Endoscopic Thoracoplasty. NASS Spine Across the Sea 2000, Kamuela Hawaii, July 2000.

22. Lieberman IH, Kuzhupilly RR. Initial Stability of FRA Spacers in ALIF with Integrated Crossed Anterior Screws, an In Vitro Analysis. NASS Spine Across the Sea 2000, Kamuela Hawaii, July 2000.

23. Lieberman IH, Dudeney S, Reinhardt M-K. Early Experience with Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Painful Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. NASS Spine Across the Sea 2000, Kamuela Hawaii, July 2000.

24. Lieberman IH, Dudeney S, Phillips F. Inflatable Bone Tamp Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Osteoporotic Compression Fractures. Eurospine 2000, Antwerp Belgium, October 2000.

25. Lieberman IH, Dudeney S, Phillips F, Reinhardt M-K, Bell G. The Treatment of Kyphotic Deformity using Kyphoplasty for Vertebral Compression Fractures. SRS Annual meeting, Cairns Austrailia, October 2000.

26. Lieberman IH, Dudeney S, Phillips F, Bell G. Initial Clinical Outcome with Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. NASS Annual Meeting, New Orleans Louisiana, October 2000.

27. Lieberman IH, Dudeney S. Landmarks for Extrapedicular Cannulation of the Vertebral Body. NASS Annual Meeting, New Orleans Louisiana, October 2000.

28. Lieberman IH, Dudeney S, Reinhardt MK, Bell G. Initial Clinical Outcome and Efficacy of Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Painful Osteoporotic Compression Fractures. AAOS Annual Meeting, San Francisco California, February 2000.

29. Lieberman IH, Mitchell W, Dudeney S, Reinhardt MK. Clinical Outcome with Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. NASS Annual Meeting, Seattle Washington, October 2001.

30. Lieberman IH, Dudeney S, Hussein M, Reinhardt MK. Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Vertebral Compression Fractures Secondary to Multiple Myeloma. NASS Annual Meeting, Seattle Washington, October 2001.

31. Lieberman IH, Mitchell W, Dudeney S, Reinhardt MK. Clinical Outcome with Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. AAOS Annual Meeting, Dallas Texas, February 2002.

32. Lieberman IH, Hussein H, Reinhardt MK. Clinical Outcome of Vertebral Augmentation for Osteolytic Collapse. IMAST 10th Annual Meeting, Rome Italy, July 2003.

33. Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Bauer TW, Reinhardt MK. Unsuspected Myeloma and Low-Grade Osteomalacia Observed in Biopsies Obtained from Patients with Osteoporotic Compression Fractures During Kyphoplasty. IMAST 10th Annual Meeting, Rome Italy, July 2003.

34. Lieberman IH, Fleming JE, Reinhardt MK, Richmond B, McLain R, Muschler GF. Intraoperative Concentration of Human Bone Marrow Progenitors in Lumbar Interbody Fusion. IMAST 10th Annual Meeting, Rome Italy, July 2003.

35. Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK, Hussein M. Clinical Outcome of Vertebral Augmentation for Osteolytic Collapse. AAOS 71st annual meeting, San Francisco, March 2004.

36. Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK, Hussein M. Clinical Outcome of Vertebral Augmentation for Osteolytic Collapse. Spine Week 2004, Spine Society of Europe annual meeting, Porto Portugal, June 2004.

37. Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Khanna AJ, Reinhardt MK, Stefancin J, Holman P. Clinical Results of Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic and Osteolytic Vertebral Compression Fractures. World Spine III, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 2005.

38. Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Reinhardt MK, McLain R, Richmond B, Fleming JE, Boehm C, Muschler G. Two Year Follow up for Lumbar Interbody Fusion using Allograft Composites Augmented with Osteoprogenitors Selected by Stem Cell Retention System. World Spine III, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 2005.

Poster Presentations, Scientific Exhibits and Movie Presentations
1. Lieberman IH. Endoscopic L5 S1 BAK Spinal Fusion. (Live Surgical Demonstration) Deaconess Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Nov 24, 1995.

2. Lieberman IH. Endoscopic L5 S1 BAK Spinal Fusion. (Live Surgical Demonstration) Toronto Endoscopic Spine Surgery Symposium and Workshop, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, May 18, 1996.

3. Lieberman IH. Endoscopic L5 S1 BAK Spinal Fusion. (Live Surgical Demonstration) Toronto Endoscopic Spine Surgery Symposium and Workshop, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, May 17, 1997.

4. Lieberman IH, Asante DK, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. A Prospective Study to Determine the Outcome of Surgery in the Treatment of Spinal Stenosis using the Oswestry Disability Index and the SF 36 Health Survey. (Poster Presentation)Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Quebec City, Quebec. 1996.

5. Lieberman IH, Woodside T. Anterior Vertebral Body Screw Testing: Comparison of Zielke, Kaneda, USS, and USS with Pull out Resistant Washer. (Poster Presentation)Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society, Quebec City, Quebec. 1996.

6. Lieberman IH, Litwin DE, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. Anterior Interbody Fusion using the BAK Device: Pitfalls and Complications. (Poster Presentation)Canadian Orthopaedic Association, Quebec City, Quebec. 1996.

7. Lieberman IH, Orr RD, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. The Results of Simultaneous Endoscopic Anterior Release and Posterior Instrumentation for Spinal Deformity. (Poster Presentation) North American Spine Society, New York, 1997.

8. Lieberman IH. Endoscopic L5 S1 BAK Spinal Fusion. (Live Surgical Demonstration) Advances in Endoscopic Spine Surgery, A Symposium and Workshop, The Cleveland Clinic, May 1998.

9. Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Litwin D, Kraetschmer BG. Two Level Anterior Endoscopic Transperitoneal BAK Lumbar Fusion. (Video Demonstration) American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Mar 1998.

10. Yee A, Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Bhatia C, Kraetschmer BG. A Prospective Analysis of Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion using the Modified ODI and the SF 36 Outcome Instruments. (Poster Presentation) Combined Meeting of English Speaking Orthopaedic Associations. Auckland New Zealand, Feb 1998.

11. Lieberman IH, Asante DK, Bhatia C, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. A Prospective Study to Determine the Outcome of Surgery in the Treatment of Spinal Stenosis using the Oswestry Disability Index and the SF 36 Health Survey. (Poster Presentation). Combined Meeting of English Speaking Orthopaedic Associations. Auckland New Zealand, Feb 1998.

12. Willshir PC, Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Litwin DEM, Kraetschmer BG. Transperitoneal Laparoscopic Exposure for Lumbar Interbody Fusion. (Poster Presentation). Combined Meeting of English Speaking Orthopaedic Associations. Auckland New Zealand, Feb 1998.

13. Lieberman IH. Endoscopic L5 S1 BAK Spinal Fusion. (Live Surgical Demonstration) Sulzer Spine-Tech, New Technology Seminar. Teleconference Cleveland-San Francisco, October 1998.

14. Lieberman IH, Bauer T, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. Histology of a Retrieved Interbody Fusion Cage. (Poster Presentation). North American Spine Society. San Francisco. 1998.

15. Lieberman IH, Willsher PT, Salo PT, Litwin D. Transperitoneal Laparoscopic Exposure for Lumbar Interbody Fusion. (Poster Presentation). North American Spine Society. San Francisco. 1998.

16. Lieberman IH. Kyphoplasty. (Live Surgical Demonstration) Kyphoplasty, A Symposium & Hands On Workshop, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Dept of Orthopaedics & The Minimally Invasive Surgery Center. December 1999 & January 2000.

17. Lieberman IH, Dudeney S, Phillips F. Inflatable Bone Tamp Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Osteoporotic Compression Fractures. (Poster Presentation). Osteoporosis World Congress. Chicago Illinois, Dec 2000.

18. Lieberman IH, Dudeney S, Phillips F. Inflatable Bone Tamp Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Osteoporotic Compression Fractures. (Poster Presentation). Association Bone Mineral Research Annual Meeting, Toronto Canada, December 2000.

19. Lieberman IH, Dudeney S, Hussein M. Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Osteolytic Compression Fractures due to Myeloma.(Poster Presentation). Oncology Association Meeting. Banff Canada, April 2001.

20. Garfin S, Yuan H, Lieberman IH, Phillips F. Early Outcomes in the Minimally Invasive Reduction and Fixation of Compression Fractures. (Poster Presentation). NASS Annual Meeting, New Orleans Louisiana, October 2000.

21. Kuzhupilly RR, Lieberman IH, McLain R, Nair D, Najm I. Modified Anaesthetic Protocol for Electromyography Monitoring During Anterior Endoscopic Instrumentation. (Poster Presentation). Eurospine 2000. Antwerp Belgium, October 2000.

22. Lieberman IH, Davros W, Kuzhupilly RR. 3-D CT Volume Rendering Techniques in Endoscopic Thoracoplasty. (Poster Presentation). Eurospine 2000. Antwerp Belgium, October 2000.

23. Single D, Lieberman IH, Dudeney S, Steiner C, Reinhardt MK. The Measurement of Volume Restoration Improvement after Kyphoplasty. (Poster Presentation). NASS Annual Meeting, Seattle Washington, October 2001.

24. Dudeney S, Hussein M, Reinhardt MK, Lieberman IH. The Use of Kyphoplasty in Multiple Myeloma Patients with Vertebral Compression Fractures. (Poster Presentation). AAOS Annual Meeting, Dallas Texas, Feb 2002.

25. Leon SP, Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK. Multiple Cement Application Cavity Containment Kyphoplasty: Technique Description and Efficacy. (Poster Presentation). AAOS Annual Meeting, Dallas Texas, Feb 2002.

26. Harrop J, Reinhardt MK, Lieberman IH, Prpa B. Incidence of Remote and Adjacent Fractures after Kyphoplasty. (Poster presentation). NASS 17th Annual Meeting. Montreal Canada, Nov 2002.

27. Kayanja M, Ferrara L, Lieberman IH. Distribution of Anterior Cortical Strain in a Simulated Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fracture. (Poster presentation). NASS 18th Annual Meeting. San Diego CA, Oct 2003.

28. Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK, Hussein M. Clinical Outcome of Vertebral Augmentation for Osteolytic Collapse. (Poster Presentation). NASS 18th Annual Meeting. San Diego CA, Oct 2003.

29. Dalcanto R, Ferrara L, Inceoglu S, Kayanja M, Lieberman IH. Biomechanical Comparison of Transarticular Facet Screws to Lateral Mass Plates in Two Level Fusions of the Cervical Spine. (Poster Presentation). NASS 18th Annual Meeting. San Diego CA, Oct 2003.

30. Kovacic J, Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Bauer T, Brodke D, Reinhardt MK. The Gross & Histologic Behavior of PMMA during Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty. (Poster Presentation). AAOS 71st annual meeting, San Francisco, March 2004.

31. Stewart T, Sasso R, Lieberman IH. Translaminar Screw Fixation of the Lumbar Spine. (Video Presentation). AAOS 71st annual meeting, San Francisco, March 2004.

32. Kovacic J, Lieberman IH, Togawa D, Bauer T, Brodke D, Reinhardt MK. The Behavior of PMMA During Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty in the Primate Spine. (Poster Presentation). Spine Week 2004, Spine Society of Europe Annual Meeting, Porto, Portugal, June 2004.

33. Khanna J, Lieberman IH, Reinhardt MK. The Clinical and Functional Outcome of Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. (Poster Presentation). Spine Week 2004, Spine Society of Europe Annual Meeting, Porto, Portugal, June 2004.

34. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, Bauer TW, Reinhardt MK. A Diagnostic Biopsy can be Helpful for Vertebral Compression Fractures; Osteomalacia and Unsuspected Myeloma. (Poster Presentation). Spine Week 2004, Spine Society of Europe Annual Meeting, Porto, Portugal, June 2004.

35. Lieberman IH, Hussein M, Reinhardt MK. Clinical Outcome of Vertebral Augmentation for Osteolytic Collapse. (Poster Presentation). Spine Week 2004, Spine Society of Europe Annual Meeting, Porto, Portugal, June 2004.

36. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, Muschler G, Reinhardt MK, Richmond B, Fleming J. Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using Allograft Enriched with Bone Marrow Derived Cells Prepared by Selective Stem Cell Retention. (Electronic Poster Presentation) 11th IMAST annual meeting, Bermuda, July 2004.

37. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, McLain RF, Fleming JE, Reinhardt MK, Boehm C, Muschler GF. Selective Stem Cell Retention for Inraoperative Preparation of Composites Enriched with Bone Marrow Aspirates for Spine Surgery. (Electronic Poster Presentation). Scoliosis Research Society 39th annual meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2004.

38. Khanna AJ, Reinhardt MK, Togawa D, Stefancin J, Holman P, Lieberman IH. Functional Outcomes of Kyphoplasty for the Treatment of Spinal Metastases. (Electronic Poster Presentation). Scoliosis Research Society 39th annual meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2004.

39. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, McLain RF, Richmond BJ, Fleming JE, Reinhardt, MK. Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Lumbar Interbody Fusion using Allograft Enriched with Bone Marrow Derived Cells Prepared by Selective Stem Cell Retention. (Poster Presentation) North American Spine Society, 19th annual meeting, Chicago, 2004.

40. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, Benzel E, Kayanja M, Reinhardt MK, Zahavi E. Bone Mounted Miniature Robot for Spinal Surgery. Accurate Insertion for Pedicle Screws and Translaminar Facet Screws in Cadaveric Experiments. (Electronic Poster Presentation) 12th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Banff, Canada, 2005.

41. Lee YP, Togawa D, Rosneck J, Lieberman IH. Efficacy of Pull-out Resistant Nuts in Preventing Screw Pullout in Anterior Spinal Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic and Adult Scoliosis. (Electronic Poster Presentation) 12th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Banff, Canada, 2005.

42. Kayanja M, Evans K, Togawa D, Lieberman IH. Adjacent Vertebral Level Load Transfer Following Augmentation using the Technique of Kyphoplasty with Polymethylmethacrylate for Vertebral Compression Fractures. (Electronic Poster Presentation) World Spine III, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Aug, 2005.

43. Togawa D, Kayanja M, Benzel E, Reinhardt MK, Knoller N, Friedlander A, Lieberman IH. Bone Mounted Miniature Robotic Guidance for Pedicle and Translaminar Facet Screw Placement. (Poster presentation) AAOS 26th annual meeting. Chicago, IL. Poster 368, March 2006.

44. Mroz T, Yu W, Melillo A, Lieberman IH. Difference of X-ray Versus MRI in Detecting and Quantifying Lumbar Spondylolisthesis. (Electronic Poster Presentation) 13th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Athens, Greece, 2006.

45. Lieberman IH, Yamashita T, Tsai E, Kayanja M, Milks R. The Biomechanics of Sacral Insufficiency Fractures. (Electronic Poster Presentation) 13th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Athens, Greece, 2006.

46. Yamashita T, Kayanja M, Milks R, Lieberman IH. Radiographic Landmarks of the Sacrum. (Electronic Poster Presentation) 13th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Athens, Greece, 2006.

47. Mroz T, Lieberman IH, Yamashita T, Davros W. Radiation Exposure to the Patient and Surgeon During Kyphoplasty. (Electronic Poster Presentation) NASS 21st annual meeting, Seattle, WA, 2006.

48. Yamashita T, Kayanja M, Milks R, Lieberman IH. Radiographic Landmarks of the Sacrum. (Electronic Poster Presentation) NASS 21st annual meeting, Seattle, WA, 2006.

49. Kayanja M, Lieberman IH, Yamashita T, Tsai E, Milks R. The Biomechanics of Insufficiency Fractures and Augmentation of the Sacrum. (Electronic Poster Presentation) NASS 21st annual meeting, Seattle, WA, 2006.

50. Mroz T, Lieberman IH, Yu W, Melillo A, Tozzi J. Difference of X-ray Versus MRI in Detecting and Quantifying Lumbar Spondylolisthesis. (Electronic Poster Presentation) NASS 21st annual meeting, Seattle, WA, 2006.

51. Mroz T, Lieberman IH, Yamashita T, Davros W. Radiation Exposure to the Patient and Surgeon During Kyphoplasty. (Electronic Poster Presentation) 41st annual meeting of Scoliosis Research Society, Monterey, CA, 2006.

52. Mroz T, Lieberman IH, Yamashita T, Davros W. Radiation Exposure to the Patient and Surgeon During Kyphoplasty. (Poster Presentation) AAOS annual meeting, 2007.

53. Diulis C, Lee Y, Reinhardt MK, Lieberman IH. Clinical Experience with Anterior Spinal Fusion with Pullout Resistant Nuts. (Electronic poster presentation) World Spine IV, Istanbul, Turkey, July 2007.

54. Lieberman IH, Hardenbrook M, Wang J, Guyer R, Khanna J. Radiation Exposure using Miniature Robotic Guidance for Spinal Surgery. (Electronic poster presentation) NASS annual mtg, Austin Tx, Oct 2007.

55. Jones A, Kayanja M, Milks R, Lieberman IH. Biomechanics of Posterior Hybrid Constructs Using Laminar Hooks and Pedicle Screws in Short Segment Thoracic Fixation. (Electronic poster presentation) NASS annual mtg, Austin Tx, Oct 2007.

Videos/Movies Produced
1. Endoscopic BAK Lumbar Fusion in the Pig. Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Litwin D, Kraetschmer BG. 1996.

2. Two Level Anterior Endoscopic Transperitoneal BAK Lumbar Fusion. Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Litwin D, Kraetschmer BG. 1996.

3. Endoscopic Transthoracic Discectomy. Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. 1997.

4. Endoscopic Transthoracic Release for Spinal Deformity. Lieberman IH, Salo PT, Kraetschmer BG. 1997.

5. Translaminar Screw Fixation of the Lumbar Spine. Stewart T, Sasso R, Lieberman IH. 2003.

6. Selective Exposures in Orthopaedic Surgery; The Spine. Phillips FM, Lieberman IH, Hurford RK, Lenke LG, Orr RD, Riew KD, Won DS. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 2004.

7. Paracoccygeal L5S1 lumbar fusion, "Axialif procedure". Live video webcast, June 29, 2006. Lieberman IH.www.or-live.com/trans1/1672

8. Paracoccygeal L5S1 lumbar fusion, "Axialif procedure". Live web seminar, August 18th, 2006. Lieberman IH. http://trans1training.com/content/presentations/Lieberman/.

Articles Written by Isador H. Lieberman, MD, MBA, FRCSC

High-Dose Tranexamic Acid Reduces Blood Loss in Extensive Spine Surgery

A recent study conducted in China found that treating patients with high doses of tranexamic acid (TXA) can cut down significantly on intraoperative blood loss and reduce the amount of blood transfusion(s) needed while performing spinal deformity surgery and PVCRs.

Calcium and Vitamin D to Build Bone

Preventing osteoporosis involves getting enough calcium and vitamin D. Calcium is what helps you build new bones, and vitamin D is what helps you absorb calcium from food or supplements.

Exams and Tests for Osteoporosis

There's just one way to confirm an osteoporosis diagnosis: with a bone mineral density (BMD) test. You can also have a BMD test if you might be at risk for osteoporosis. It'll tell you how strong your bones are and your chances for a fracture.

Minimally Invasive Treatment of Vertebral Compression Fractures: Vertebral Augmentation Implant, Kyphoplasty, Vertebroplasty

Vertebroplasty and balloon kyphoplasty are minimally invasive surgical procedures performed to treat vertebral compression fractures.

Causes of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis has many causes, including family history, lifestyle factors, and certain medical conditions. How can you decrease your chance of having weak bones?

FRAX® Tool Helps Determine Who’s at Risk for Bone Fractures

FRAX is bone assessment diagnostic tool. It looks at a person’s age, bone density, and other risk factors to estimate their chance of breaking a hip or other major bone in the next decade. It is of great value to patients with osteoporosis or osteopenia.

Drugs and Medications for Osteoporosis

To help control bone mineral density loss because of osteoporosis, your doctor may recommend a medication. There are several osteoporosis treatment options, including drugs that slow down bone loss and one drug that speeds up bone formation.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is sometimes called the "silent disease" and with good reason.

Anatomy of Osteoporosis

To understand osteoporosis, you should understand how bones grow and regenerate. Then you'll know why and how this bone disease weakens your bones, especially your spine's vertebrae.

Osteoporosis Condition Center

Osteoporosis causes bones to weaken as you grow older, making them more brittle and prone to fractures. Often, you don't know that you have osteoporosis until you break something, but if you start early enough, you can prevent osteoporosis.

Uganda Spine Surgery Mission: Back to Mbarara

Dr. Isador Lieberman recalls the challenges and rewards of his his to Mbarara in Africa as part of the Uganda Spine Surgery Mission. Despite life-threatening travel hazards, power failures, sterilization issues, ward conditions, and the lack of basic supplies, it was a wonderful homecoming.

Recent blog posts from Isador H. Lieberman, MD, MBA, FRCSC

April 26, 2010

Kyphoplasty Risks

This article describes the risks and benefits of kyphoplasty, a surgical procedure that treats spinal compression fractures caused by osteoporosis. Read about the pros and cons of this procedure in this article.

November 23, 2009

Preventing Recurring Osteoporosis Fractures

One fracture is painful, but multiple fractures can be debilitating. By adopting certain lifestyle habits and learning more about surgical options, you can be proactive about managing osteoporosis and preventing spinal compression fractures.

More from Dr. Lieberman's blog "Spine Surgery Notes"

Case Studies Presented by Isador H. Lieberman, MD, MBA, FRCSC

Adult Scoliosis with a Broken Rod and Progressive Kyphosis

SpineAssist® Robotic Guidance System Precisely Solves Surgical Challenge
Presented by: I. Lieberman MD, MBA, FRCSC
The patient is a 59-year-old female who presents with mechanical back pain, radiating buttock and leg pain, and progressive spinal deformity. She has trouble lifting and carrying things, and during recreational activities. Her symptoms have persisted since a slip injury a few months ago.

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in a Young Musician

Presented by: I. Lieberman MD, MBA, FRCSC
The patient is a 16-year-old female musician who presents with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. She has received no previous scoliosis treatment or bracing.

Cervical Myelopathy with Osteomyelitis or Something Else?

Presented by: I. Lieberman MD, MBA, FRCSC

The patient is a 70-year-old male with a history of cervical pain that has increased the last two months. He is an active golfer and complains of hand grip weakness that affects his game.

Articles Reviewed by Isador H. Lieberman, MD, MBA, FRCSC

Nutritional Supplements to Build Bone and Help Prevent Osteoporosis

A lack of certain minerals and vitamins play a role in the onset of osteoporosis. Adopt a healthy lifestyle to maintain sufficient levels of calcium, magnesium, and other minerals to keep bones healthy and strong.

How to Start Your Osteoporosis Prevention Plan Today

Learn 6 important things you can do to start your osteoporosis prevention program, including exercises and tips for eating a calcium-rich diet. Even if you have osteoporosis, these steps may help you keep strong bones and prevent spinal compression fractures.

Lumbar Disc Disease and Artificial Disc Replacement

Artificial disc replacement is a significant advance in the treatment of disc degeneration and will provide an alternative surgical option in the spine armamentarium.

Smoking and Osteoporosis

That cigarette could be putting you at risk for osteoporosis. Find out how smoking affects your bones and why you should stop if you want to have healthy bones, especially if you're a woman.

Osteoporosis: Glossary of Terms

This easy to use glossary includes common terms associated with osteoporosis, its diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

Men and Osteoporosis

Many people consider osteoporosis a woman's disease, but millions of men develop the disease, too. While men don't have the biological risk factors that women have, they still age, which is one of the biggest risk factors for osteoporosis.

Vegans Match Meat Eaters in Bone Health

A 2009 study found that the bone density of vegan Buddhist nuns and non-vegetarians are identical. Though vegans typically do not consume enough calcium and protein, findings show that they are not at an increased risk for osteoporosis.

Bracing for Osteoporosis

A spinal fracture is a serious thing, and as your body heals, your doctor may recommend a back brace. It will support your spine and back muscles as the vertebrae heal.

Common Osteoporosis Questions

Many of the most common questions people ask about osteoporosis are answered here.

Physical Therapy for Osteoporosis

For osteoporosis, a physical therapy treatment plan may include weight-bearing exercises, strengthening exercises, and balance and posture work. It will help you maintain bone mass while preventing falls and possible fractures.

Vitamin D Can Reduce Back Pain

Recent research shows that patients with chronic back pain almost always have a vitamin D deficiency, too. Taking vitamin D supplements may eventually bring pain relief-- when used in conjunction with other treatments. Find out why.

Bone-building Exercise Tips for Osteoporosis

One of your best defenses against developing osteoporosis is to exercise regularly. Include weight-bearing and resistance exercises into you fitness routine.

Financial Disclosures

SpineUniverse, a Vertical Health, LLC website, is committed to ensuring that the medical information it presents is accurate, balanced, objective, and trustworthy. 

To help achieve this goal, SpineUniverse requires all authors, editors, and reviewers to disclose any financial relationships or affiliations they have with companies whose products or services may be mentioned in the content they author, edit, or review.

The intent of this policy is to identify any perceived, potential, or real conflicts of interest so that readers can make their own judgments about the value of information being presented.

Author's Statement

I, or an immediate family member, have a financial interest(s) or affiliation(s) with the following commercial companies whose products and / or services may be mentioned in the materials I have authored, edited or reviewed for presentation on Vertical Health, LLC’s websites.

Disclosed Relationships

Consultant
Merlot OrthopediX, Axiomed Spine Corp, Mazor Surgical, Crosstress Medical, PearlDiver Inc
Stock/Shareholder
Merlot OrthopediX, Axiomed Spine Corp, Mazor Surgical, Crosstress Medical, PearlDiver Inc
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