Gerard Malanga, MD's portrait
Gerard Malanga, MD
Clinical Professor, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Rutger's University-New Jersey Medical School
Newark, NJ
Dr. Malanga is a member of the SpineUniverse Editorial Board.

About Gerard Malanga, MD

Dr. Gerard Malanga is a Clinical Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Rutger's University-New Jersey Medical School. He is the Founder and Partner of the New Jersey Sports Medicine Institute and New Jersey Regenerative Institute. Furthermore, he currently serves as the Medical Director of Horizon Casualty Services. He is a board certified Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Pain Medicine, and Sports Medicine specialist who completed a sports medicine fellowship at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN.

He has expertise in the non-operative treatment of a variety of orthopaedic disorders, including neck and low back pain; shoulder, knee, and sports-related disorders; and musculoskeletal problems. He has expertise in musculoskeletal ultrasound, ultrasound-guided injections, and various biologic treatments, such as platelet-rich plasma and stem cell therapies.

Community Sports Medicine
Dr. Malanga provides sport medicine services to several local New Jersey high schools and colleges. Since 1999, he has served as the Head Team Physician of New Jersey City University. Furthermore, he serves as a consultant to the Rutgers's University Athletic Department. His practice includes treating athletes of all types from recreational to professional and Olympic levels.

Commendations and Awards
Dr. Malanga's commendations and awards include:

  • Top Doctor, New York metro area
  • Best Doctors in New Jersey from New Jersey Monthly
  • Best Doctors from Inside Jersey
  • Best Doctors from New York Magazine
  • Best Doctors in America numerous times since 2004

Lecturer, Educator, Author
Dr. Malanga has lectured throughout the country on a variety of musculoskeletal, spine, and pain management topics. He has over 80 publications, which include original research and book chapters. He is the editor of three textbooks:  Whiplash covers the diagnosis and treatment of whiplash injuries, Musculoskeletal Physical Examination (with an accompanying DVD), and the Atlas of Ultrasound-guided Musculoskeletal Injections.

Publications

Publications

 

1. Malanga GA, Weigand A: "The Bulbocavernosus Reflex in Evaluating Erectile Dysfunction in Diabetic and Non-diabetic Patients", Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 73(10): 960, l992.

2. Malanga GA, Campagnolo D: "Clarification of the 'Pronator Reflex '", Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 73(10): 969, 1992. American Journal of PM&R, Vol. 73(5); 338-340, September/October 1994.

3. Nadler S; Malanga GA, Zimmerman J: "The Utility of Continuous Passive Motion in Patients With Total Knee Arthroplasty in the Rehabilitation Setting", Annals of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 72: 162-165, 1993.

4. Malanga GA, Gangemi E: "Intracranial Venous Thrombosis in a Patient with Multiple Sclerosis: A Case Report and Review of Contraceptive Alternatives in Patients with Disabilities", American Journal of PM&R, Vol 73(4): 283-285, July/August, 1994.

5. Jenp Y, Malanga GA: "The Influence of Shoulder Position on Rotator Cuff Muscles Activities in Isometric Shoulder Torque Development", Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 11:1233, 174, 1993.

6. Malanga GA, Laskowski ER: "High School Football Coverage: Its Role in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Residency", Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 70(10): 801, 1991.

7. Malanga GA, Dubov W, Flores A: "Correlation of Energy Cost of Upper Extremity Stress Testing and Crutch Walk Ambulation", Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 73(10): 960, 1992.

8.Dubov W, Malanga GA, Flores A: "Determination of Metabolic Equivalent With Upper Extremity Stress Testing", Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 74, 11: 1275, 1993.

9. Bouvette C, Malanga GA, Cooney W, Stuart M, Miller R: "A Protective Plastizote Soft Playing Splint for Contact Sports", Journal of Sports Rehabilitation in Vol 3, No. 4, November 1994.

10. Malanga GA, Stuart MJ: "In-Line Skating Injuries", Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 1995; 70: 752-754.

1l. Malanga GA, Jenp YN, An K, Growney E: "An EMG Analysis of Shoulder Positioning in Testing and Strengthening the Supraspinatus", Med. Sci. Sports and Exercise; June, 1996.

12. Newcomer K, Malanga GA: "Back Injury - Barefoot Water Skiing", Med. Sci Sports and Exercise, Vol 27(5) 5190; May, 1995

13. Russo RB, Malanga GA: "Neck and Back Injury - Football". Med Sci Sports and Exercise, Vol 27 (5) 5193; May, 1995.

14. Jenp YN, Malanga GA, Growney E, An K: Activation of Rotator Cuff Muscles in Generating Isometric Shoulder Rotation Torque. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 1996

15. Malanga GA, Smith H: "Lower Extremity Injuries in In-line Skating". The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 36: 139-142, 1996.

16. Sirota SC, Malanga GA, Eischen JJ, Laskowski ER: "An Eccentric and Concentric Strength Profile of Shoulder External and Internal Rotator Muscles in Professional Baseball Pitchers". American Journal Sports Medicine, Vol. 25, No.1: 59-64; January, 1997.

17. Malanga GA: "The Diagnosis and Treatment of Cervical Radiculopathy," Medicine Science, Sports and Exercise, Vol. 29(7); S236-245, 1997

18. Bowen J, Malanga GA:"The Association of Arnold - Chiari Malformation, Syringomyelia, and Spondylolysis" for publication in the Journal Spine October, 1997.

19. Basford J, Malanga GA, Krause D: "Laser Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis" accepted by Archives of Phys. Med and Rehab, Oct, 1997.

20. Malanga GA, Davis BA, Feinberg JH, Nadler SF: " Foot Pain- General Medicine" A case of Lyme disease of the foot; Medicine Science, Sports and Exercise, 29(5) S233, May 1997.

21. Lee AJ, Nadler SF, Malanga GA, Feinberg JF: "Shoulder Pain-Volleyball" A case of an unicameral cyst of the humerus; Medicine Science, Sports and Exercise, 29(5) S101, May, 1997.

22. Davis BA, Feinberg JH, Malanga GA, Nadler SF: "Knee Pain-Tennis" A case of osteochondritis dissecans of the femur; Medicine Science, Sports and Exercise, 29(5) S300, May, 1997.

23. Everett CR, Smith J, Malanga GA: "Shoulder Stiffness and Scapular Winging-Ballet" A case of Acute Brachial neuritis in a ballet dancer in Medicine Science, Sports and Exercise, 29(5) S101, May, 1997.

24. Malanga GA: "Cervical Radiculopathy: Diagnosis and Treatment". Northeast Healthcare Management, pp 18-23. February, 1998.

25. Malanga GA Lipetz J: "The Use of Medications in the treatment of Acute Low back Pain". Northeast Rehab, pp 16-25. April,19989

26. Nadler SF, Wagner KL, Stitik TP, Malanga GA, Levy AS, Just N: "Improving the Workers Compensation System: case managerment perspective". Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 79:97-9, 2000.

27. Malanga GA, Bowen JE, Nadler SF, Lee A: "Non-operative Management of Shoulder Injuries". J Back Musculoskeletal Medicine, 12:179-189, 1999.

28. Malanga GA, Nadler SF: Nonopertaive Treatment of Low Back Pain. Mayo Clin Proc, 1999, 74: 1135-1148.

29. Nadler SF, Malanga GA, DePrince M, Stitik TP Feinberg JF: "The Relationship Between Lower Extremity Injury, Low Back Pain and Hip Muscle Strength in Male and Female Collegiate Athletes." Clin Jour Sport Med, 10:89-97, 2000.

30. Memmo PA, Nadler SF, Malanga GA: " Lumbar disc herniations: A review of surgical and non-surgical treatments and outcomes". J of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehab, 14: 79-88, 2000.

31. Rubbani MS, Malanga GA, Nadler SF, Bowen JE: "Back Pain in A Gymnast". Med Science Sports & Exercise, 33(5), S281, 2001.

32. Kim N, Feinberg JH, Bowen JE, Malanga GA, Nadler SF: " Back in a Soccer Player". Med Science Sports & Exercise, 33(5), S282, 2001.

33. Landes PW, Malanga GA, Nadler SF: "Lateral Heel Pain in a Runner". Med Science Sports & Exercise, 33(5), S251, 2001.

34. Prybicien MA, Nadler SF, Sicher D, MeKenna K, Malanga GA, DePrince M, Bowen, JE: "Frequency and Perceived Difficulty in Assessing the Injured Athlete: Surver Results of 905 Certified Athletic Trainers." Med Science Sports & Exercise, 33(5), S276, 2001.

35. Nadler SF, Prybicien MA, Sicher D, Malanga GA, DePrince M, Bowen, JE: Therapeutic Modality Use: Details from a National Survey of Athletic Trainers." Med Science Sports & Exercise, 33(5), S90, 2001.

36. Malanga GA, Girardi J, Nadler SF: " Spontaneous Healing of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear". Clinical Jour Sport Med, 11: 118-120, 2000.

37. Malanga GA: Physical Examination of Knee Injuries. Letter to the Editor. JAMA, 287(1), 2002.

38. Nadler SF, Malanga GA, Feinberg JH, DePrince M. Hip Muscle Imbalance and Low Back Pain in Athletes: Influence of Core Strengthening. Med Science Sports & Exercise, 43 (1):9-16, 2002.

39. Nadler S, Malanga G, Feinberg J, Rubanni M, Moley P, Foye P: " Functional Performance Deficits in Athletes with Previous Lower Extremity Injury." Clin J Sport Med, 12(2):73-78; Mar 2002.

40. Malanga GA, Andrus S, Nadler SF, Savarese R: Rehabilitation of Upper Extremity Nerve Injuries", accepted American Journal of Med and Sport; May 2002.

41. Nadler SF, Malanga GA, Prybicien MA, DePrince M: " Complications from Therapeutic Modalities: Results of a National Survey of Athletic Trainers"; accepted Archives of Phys Med and Rehab, July, 2002.

42. Malanga GA: "Aggressive Nonoperative Treatment of Sports Injuries". Advance for Directors in Rehabilitation; Part I: June 2002, pp53-56; Part II: July, 2002, pp 59- 62.

43. Roman SJ, Malanga GA, Nadler SF, McLean JP, Millis SR: "Chronic Opioid Treatments". Practical Pain Management: 14-18; Mar/Apr 2002.

44. Nadler SF, Malanga GA, Stitik TP, Keswani R, Foye PM: "The Crossed Femoral Nerve Stretch Test to Improve Diagnostic Sensitivity for the High Lumbar Radiculopathy: 2 Case Reports. Archives of Phys Med and Rehab, 82: 522-523, April, 2001.

45. Nadler SF, Malanga GA, Feinberg JH, Prybicien MA, Stitik TP, DePrince M: " Relationship Between Hip Muscle Imbalance and Occurrence of Low Back Pain in Collegiate Athletes: A Prospective Study". Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 80(8): 572-577.

46. Nadler SF,Andrus SG, Malanga GA, Stitik TP: " Misinterpretation of Regional sensory Loss in an Injured Worker: A Case Report. Archives of Phys Med and Rehab, 83:1171-1172, August, 2002..

47. Nadler SF, Moley P. Malanga GA, Rubbani M, Prybicien M, Feinberg JH: "Funcional Deficits in Athletes With a History of Low Back Pain: A Pilot Study". Archives of Phys Med and Rehab, 83:1753-1757, December, 2002.

48. Malanga GA, Gwynn MW, Smith R, Miller D: "Tizanidine is Effective in the Treatment of Myofascial Pain Syndrome". Pain Physician, Vol 5, No. 4 422-432, 2002.

49. Malanga GA, Nadler SF, Andrus SG, Savarese R: "Rehabilitation of Upper Extremity Nerve Injuries". American Journal Medicine and Sports;5:39-47, January/February 2003.

50. Malanga GA, Andrus S, Nadler SF, McLean J: "Physical Examination of the Knee: A Review of the Original Test Description and Scientific Validity of Common Orthopedic Tests". Archives of Phys Med and Rehab,Vol 84: 592-603, April, 2003.

51. Malanga GA, Landes PL, Nadler SF: "Provocative Tests in Cervical Spine Examination: Historical Basis and Scientific Analyses". Pain Physician, Vol 6, No 2: 199-205, April, 2003.

52. Nadler SF, Prybicien M, Malanga GA, Sicher D: "Complications From Therapeutic Modalities: Results of a National Survey of Athletic Trainers"; Archives of Phys Med and Rehab, 84:849-853, June, 2003.

53. Malanga GA: "Principles and Practice of Neck Pain Rehabilitation". SpineLine, pp 7-11; May/June, 2003.

54. Malanga GA, Cooke PM: "Segmental Anomoly Leading To Wrong Level Disc Surgery in Cauda Equina Syndrome"; Pain Physician, Vol &, No1: 107-110, 2004.

55. O'Donnell C, Baerga L, Malanga G: "Left Knee Injury-Basketball". MSSE, Vol 36, No 5;S11, May, 2004.

56. Baerga L, Bowen J, Feinberg J, Malanga G: "Knee Injury-Soccer". MSSE, Vol 36, No 5;S325, May, 2004.

57. Nadler SF Malanga GA, Ciccone DS: Positive Straight-Leg Raising in Lumbar Radiculopathy: Is Documentation Afected by Insurance Coverage ?" Arch Phys Med Rehabil, Vol 85:1336-1338, August, 2004.

58. Smith J, Krabal BJ, Malanga GA: " Musculoskeletal Education in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Residency Programs." Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 83:785-790, 2004.

59. Malanga GA, Dennis R: "The Use of Medications in the Treatment of Low Back Pain". J of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehab, 2005.

Book Chapters

1. Malanga GA: "The Use of Medications in the treatment of Acute Low back Pain", in Nonsurgical Management of Low Back Pain; Gonzalez E and Materson R (ed.), Demos Vermande, New York, NY; 1997.

2. Lipetz J, Malanga GA: "The Use of Medications in the treatment of Acute Low back Pain" in Occupational Medicine, State of the Art Review "Low Back Pain" ;Vol. 13, Number 1, Hanley and Belfus, Inc. January, 1998.

3. Falco F, Malanga GA: "Rehabilitation of Whiplash Injuries", in Spine, State of the Art Reviews. "Cervical Whiplash Injuries", Hanley and Belfus, Inc; June, 1998.

4. Malanga GA and DeLisa JA: "Clinical Examination of Gait" in Gait Analysis in the Science of Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, Department of Veterans Affairs. Monograph 002,1998.

5. Malanga GA: "The Use of Medications in the Treatment of Low Back Pain" in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: State of the Art Reviews, Vol. 13, No. 3, October, 1999.

6. Nadler SF, Stitik TP, Malanga GA: "Optimizing Outcome in the Injured worker with Low Back Pain". Critical reviews in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 11: 139-169. (1999).

7. Malanga GA, Nadler SF Lipetz J,: "Pharmacologic Treatment of Low back Pain" in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, State of the Art Reviews. "Low Back Pain" ,Vol. 13, Number 3, Hanley and Belfus, Inc. October, 1999/

8. Wrightson JD, Malanga GA: "Strengthening and Other Therapeutic Exercises in the Treatment of Osteoarthritis in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: State of the Art Reviews, Vol 15(1) 43-56, 2001.

9. Malanga GA, Bowen JE: "Rotator Cuff Tear" in Frontera W and Silver J, Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hanley and Belfus, 2002.

10. Bowen JE, Malanga GA: "Rotator Cuff Tendinitis" in Frontera W and Silver J, Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hanley and Belfus, 2002.

11. Malanga GA, Landis PW: "Cervical Strains" in : 5 Minute Sports Medicine. Mark D. Bracker, MD, editor. July, 2002.

12. Malanga GA, Roman S, Nadler SF: "Medications in the Treatment of Whiplash Associated Disorders" in Whiplash, edited by Gerard A. Malanga, Scott F. Nadler. Hanley and Belfus, Inc, Philadelphia, 2002, pp339-358.

13. Nadler SF, Malanga GA: "Whiplash: A continuing Dilemma in the 21st Century" in Whiplash, edited by Gerard A. Malanga, Scott F. Nadler. Hanley and Belfus, Inc, Philadelphia, 2002, pp 1-4.

14. Malanga GA, Nadler SF: "The Future of Whiplash-Associated Injuries" in Whiplash, edited by Gerard A. Malanga, Scott F. Nadler. Hanley and Belfus, Inc, Philadelphia, 2002 pp 441-443.

15. Malanga GA, Nadler SF, Agesen T: "Epidemiology" in Low Back Pain Handbook: A Guide for the Practicing Clinician, 2nd Edition, edited by Andrew Cole and Stanley Herring. Hanley and Belfus, Inc, Philadelphia, 2002.

16. Nadler SF, Sherman AL, Malanga GA: "Sport-specific Shoulder Injuries"; Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, Vol. 15, No. 3, 607-626, August, 2004.

17. Baerga-Varela L, Malanga GA: Rehabilitation after Minimally Invasive Surgery; Minimaly Invasive Total Joint Arthroplasty, Spriger Verlag, 2004.

18. Malanga GA, Nadler SF, Bowen JE, Feinberg JF, Hyman G: Sport Medicine in Principles and Practice of Physical Mdicine and Rehabilitation, J DeLisa, editor; Elsevier. 2004.

Books/Monographs

1. Whiplash, edited by Gerard A. Malanga, Scott Nadler. Hanley and Belfus, Inc, Philadelphia, 2002.

2. Occupational Medicine, State of the Art Review: Low Back Pain, Vol. 13, Number 1, edited by Gerard A. Malanga; Hanley and Belfus, Inc, Philadelphia, PA; January, 1998.

3. Spine, State of the Art Review:Cervical Whiplash Injuries, edited by Gerard A. Malanga Hanley and Belfus, Inc, Philadelphia, PA June, 1998.

4. Musculoskeletal Physical Examination: An Evidence-Based Approach, Gerad A. Malanga and Scott F. Nadler, editor, Elsevier/Mosby, Philadelphia, PA, 2006.

Contribution to other Manuscripts

1. Naggar L, Jenp Y-N, Malanga, GA, Itoi E,Morrey BF, An K: " The Importance of the Rotator Cuff in Posterior Stability of the Shoulder". poster presentation, 40th Annual Meeting, ORS. February 21-24, 1994.

2. Naggar L, Jenp Y-N, Malanga, GA, Morrey BF: "Capsuloligamentous Restraints to Posterior Instability of the Shoulder."

3. PASSOR Educational Guidelines for the Performance of Spinal Injection Procedures, 2001.

4. PASSOR Musculoskeletal Physical Examination Competencies, 2001.

5. Horizon Blue Cross and Blue Shield of NJ, Clinical Guidelines: Pain Management/ Back Pain, 2002.

6. "National Consensus Conference on Improving the Continuum of Care for Pstients with Hip Fracture"; JBJS: 84-A(4): 670-674, April, 2002.

Articles Written by Gerard Malanga, MD

Epidural Corticosteroid Injections and Low Back Pain

How will an epidural steroid injection treat your low back pain? How many will you need? A pain specialist answers these questions.

Back Pain and Stretching Exercises

Back pain exercises and stretches can help reduce your back pain and prevent future episodes of pain or injury. This article provides examples of specific back pain stretches that you can do to help you manage back pain.

Medications to Relieve Back Pain

Overview article of medications for low back pain relief. Includes links to more detailed articles. What will work for your lower back pain?

Physical Therapy: TENS, Ultrasound, Heat and Cryotherapy

Learn about common passive physical therapy treatments for back and neck pain, including transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), ultrasound, and heat and cold therapy in this article.

Cervicogenic Headaches Start in the Neck

A cervicogenic headache starts in the cervical spine—your neck. Sometimes these headaches mimic migraine headache symptoms. Initially, pain may begin intermittently, spread to one side (unilateral) of the patient's head, and become almost continuous.

Trigger Point Spinal Injections for Low Back Pain

If you have muscle-related lower back pain, your doctor may recommend a trigger point injection. How will it work? How many will you need? Find answers here.

Facet Injections for Low Back Pain

Learn the goal of facet joint injections for low back pain. When should this be recommended? Pain specialist-written article.

Conclusion: Acute Low Back Pain and Medication

Lower back pain can be treated with medications: a spine expert wrote an article on low back pain medications. Read it to learn your treatment options.

Anti-depressant Medication Used to Treat Low Back Pain

Anti-depressant medication has been found to alleviate the pain associated with various low back pain conditions. Should you talk to your doctor about taking this for your low back pain?

Colchicine in the Treatment of Acute Low Back Pain

Colchicine is normally used for gout: can it really help with acute low back pain? Learn in this pain management specialist-written article.

Corticosteroids in the Treatment of Acute Low Back Pain

Focus on corticosteroids for acute low back pain: Will they relieve your pain? Detailed article written by a doctor reviews research and side effects.

Opioids in the Treatment of Acute Low Back Pain

Should opioids be used for acute low back pain? A pain management specialist addresses this important pain question.

Muscle Relaxants in the Treatment of Acute Low Back Pain

You may have been given a muscle relaxant for your acute low back pain. Why are they used? Learn in this doctor-written article.

Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) in the Treatment of Acute Low Back Pain

Should you try NSAIDs for acute lower back pain? Article filled with medical research and written by a pain management specialist.

Acetaminophen in the Treatment of Acute Low Back Pain

For low back pain, acetaminophen can be effectively used as an analgesic (or pain killer). Doctor-written article on acetaminophen as a pain reliever for lower back pain.

Articles Reviewed by Gerard Malanga, MD

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Selective (Transforaminal) Epidural Spinal Injection

A pain management experts provides informatino about selective transforaminal epidural spinal injections.

Facet Joints of the Spine's Anatomy

A joint is where 2 or more bones are joined. Joints allow motion (articulation). The joints in the spine are commonly called facet joints, and you can learn about the anatomy of spinal joints in this article.

The Best Exercises for Low Back Pain

What exercises should you do when you have lower back pain? Tips on what to do and what to avoid from a spine specialist.

Your Healthy Spine

To understand a spinal condition, it is helpful to first understand some basics about the spine. For example: What does it do? What is it made of? What are its different parts? What does a healthy spine look like?

Cervical Epidural Injection

Learn what to expect from cervical epidural injections here. An epidural injection places anti-inflammatory medicine into the epidural space to decrease inflammation of the nerve roots, hopefully reducing the pain in the neck, shoulders, and arms.

I Still Have Back Pain! Now What?

For your back pain that won't go away, you can try a multidisciplinary approach. A combination of different treatments, such as massage, acupuncture, and core strengthening exercises, may bring relief from pain.

Lumbar Epidural Injection

A lumbar epidural injection places anti-inflammatory medicine, such as cortisone, near the nerve roots that are inflamed and causing pain. It should relieve pain in the back or legs. Read this full explanation of what happens during the procedure.

Thoracic Epidural Injection

An epidural injection places anti-inflammatory medicine into the epidural space to decrease inflammation of the nerve roots, hopefully reducing the pain in the mid back or around the rib cage.

Is Back Pain Ruining Your Golf Game?

Some of the most common golf swing faults known to cause lower back pain are presented.

Caudal Epidural Injection Information

An epidural injection places anti-inflammatory medicine into the epidural space. Read how this treatment may help to decrease nerve root inflammation and hopefully reduce back or leg pain.

Preventing Chronic Low Back Pain

The benefits of lumbar strengthening exercise is long-lasting and includes greater muscle strength, increased bone density, endurance, and flexibility.

Financial Disclosures

SpineUniverse, a Vertical Health, LLC website, is committed to ensuring that the medical information it presents is accurate, balanced, objective, and trustworthy. 

To help achieve this goal, SpineUniverse requires all authors, editors, and reviewers to disclose any financial relationships or affiliations they have with companies whose products or services may be mentioned in the content they author, edit, or review.

The intent of this policy is to identify any perceived, potential, or real conflicts of interest so that readers can make their own judgments about the value of information being presented.

Author's Statement

I, or an immediate family member, have a financial interest(s) or affiliation(s) with the following commercial companies whose products and / or services may be mentioned in the materials I have authored, edited or reviewed for presentation on Vertical Health, LLC’s websites.

Disclosed Relationships

Speakers' Bureau
Cephalon; Eli Lilly; Genzyme
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