Steven R. Garfin, MD's portrait
Steven R. Garfin, MD
Professor and Chair, Department of Orthopaedics
University of California, San Diego
San Diego, CA
Dr. Garfin is a member of the SpineUniverse Editorial Board.

About Steven R. Garfin, MD

Steven R. Garfin, MD is Professor and Chairman of the Department of Orthopaedics at the University of California. Additionally, Dr. Garfin holds hospital positions at the University of California, San Diego Medical Center, and the La Jolla Veterans Administration Hospital.

At the University of Minnesota, Dr. Garfin earned a Medical Degree and was honored with the Alpha Omega Alpha Society award. Dr. Garfin's internship in surgery was at the University of California, San Diego as was his orthopaedic surgery residency. As an orthopaedic resident, he received the Zimmer-McCoy Residency Award and the Alfred V. Bateman Resident Anatomy Award. Dr. Garfin's fellowship in disorders of the spine was at Pennsylvania Hospital under Drs. R. H. Rothman and F. A. Simeone.

Since his Fellowship, Dr. Garfin has been recognized for numerous awards including: Volvo Award for Research from ISSLS (x2), AcroMed Research Award of the North American Spine Society (x2), the Cervical Spine Research Society Research Award (x2), and the Orthopaedic Research Society New Investigator Recognition Award. More recently, the North American Spine Society awarded Dr. Garfin the Wiltse Award for Leadership in the Field of Spine, and the Selby Award for contributions to NASS. Also, Dr. Garfin's research interests have earned many grants by leading medical research institutes, societies, and companies.

Dr. Garfin is a member of the following professional societies: the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, American Orthopaedic Association, Cervical Spine Research Society, International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine, North American Spine Society, the Orthopaedic Research Society, and the Spinal Arthroplasty Society. For several of these societies Dr. Garfin has played active roles as society President, Board Member, and Program Chairman.

Dr. Garfin's impressive published research and writing include: author of nine books, 123 book chapters, 255 peer-reviewed journal articles, and 132 abstracts. Additionally, Dr. Garfin has written five reviews, one magazine article, and was editor of eight focus journals. Currently, Dr. Garfin is Deputy Editor of Spine and is a Reviewer for the Journal of Orthopaedic Research, Journal of American Medical Association, Spine, and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. This very active and prolific doctor is also committed to education; he has presented over 450 lectures and over 80 exhibits at professional medical meetings.

Publications

Peer-reviewed Publications:

Editorship:

Books:

1. Complications of Spine Surgery, (Steven R. Garfin, Editor). Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, Maryland, 1989. Invited, part of monograph series on complications of orthopedic surgery.

2. Disorders of the Spine: A Coding System for Diagnoses, (Balderson, R. A., Fardon, D. F., Garfin, S. R., Nasca, R. J., Pinkerton, S., Salib, R. M., Eds.). North American Spine Society. Hanley & Belfus, Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1991.

3. Rothman and Simeone's The Spine, 3rd Ed., (Garfin, Steven R., Editor). W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1992.

4. Surgery for Spinal Cord Injuries, (Steven R. Garfin and Bruce E. Northrup, Editors), Raven Press, New York, NY, 1993.

5. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update V, (Steven R. Garfin, Editor Spine Section) American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Illinois, 1996

6. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Spine, (Steven R. Garfin and Alexander R. Vaccaro Editors), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Illinois, 1997

7. Spine Trauma, (Alan M. Levine, Jack Zigler, Steven R. Garfin, and Frank J. Eismont, Editors). W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1998

8. The Cervical Spine, 3rd Ed., (Steven R. Garfin, Section Editor), J.B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1998

9. Rothman and Simeone's The Spine, 4th Ed., (Steven R. Garfin, Editor), W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1998.

10. Spine Trauma II (Levine, Eismont, Garfin, Zigler) Elsevier Science, Philadelphia, PA in press.

Journals:

11. Traumatic and Degenerative Lesions of the Cervical Spine, (Steven R. Garfin and J. William Fielding, Guest Editors), Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 239, Lippincott Company, Feb. 1989.

12. Tumors of the Spine, Seminars in Spine Surgery (Steven R. Garfin, Guest Editor), W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 1990. Infections of the Spine, Seminars in Spine Surgery (Steven R. Garfin, Guest Editor), W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, December 1990.

13. Avoidance of Complications in Spine Surgery, (Steven R. Garfin and J. William Fielding, Guest Editors), Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 284, Nov. 1992.

14. The Orthopedic Clinics of North America. The Degenerative Neck, (Garfin, Steven R., Herkowitz, Harry N. Guest Eds.). Vol. 23(3). W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1992.

15. Spondylolisthesis, Part II, (Steven R. Garfin, Guest Editor), Seminars in Spine Surgery, December 1993.

16. Spine, Current Opinion in Orthopaedics, (Steven R. Garfin, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Gaetano J. Scuderi, Editors). April, 1994.

17. Infections of the Spine, Seminars in Spine Surgery, (Steven R. Garfin, Guest Editor), W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June, 1996.

18. Infections of the Spine, (Steven R. Garfin, Guest Editor), Spine Surgery, December 2000.

Invited Letters:

1. Garfin, S.R.: Chronic Back Pain. "Questions and Answers" J.A.M.A. 252:428, l984.

2. Garfin, S.R.: Colchicine Use in Painful Diskal (and other) Spinal Disorders. "Questions and Answers" J.A.M.A. 254(17):2474, Nov., l985.

3. Garfin, S.R.: Etiology and Treatment of Pars Interarticularis Defects. "Questions and Answers" J.A.M.A. 259(6):908, Feb., 1988.

4. Garfin, S.R. and Evans, B.: Lateral Epicondylitis: Occupational Hazard of Performing Spine Surgery. "Questions and Answers" J.A.M.A. 259(16):2468, April, 1988.

5. Garfin, S.R.: Athletic Injury: The Association With Spondylolysis: "Questions and Answers" J.A.M.A. 261(13):1958, April, 1989.

6. Garfin, S.R.: Discussion on Extreme Lateral Lumbar Disc Herniation. "Clinical Opinion" J. Spinal Disorders 2(2):139-140, 1989.

7. Garfin, S.R., Leary, G.: Therapeutic Ultrasound: Okay for Patients with Cancer? "Questions and Answers" J.A.M.A. 263(14):1991, April, 1991.

8. Garfin, S.R.: Thoracolumbar Burst Fracture. "Clinical Opinion" J. Spinal Disorders 4(2):248-249, 1991.

9. Garfin, S.R., Cohen, M.S.: Scapulothoracic Pain. "Questions and Answers" J.A.M.A. 270(15):1867, October, 1993.

10. Garfin, S.R.: Which x-ray views are needed for neck injuries in the ER?. "Musculoskeletal Q & A" The Journal of Musculoskeletal Medicine 10(10):11, 1993.


11. Garfin, S.R.: Conservative management for spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis. "Musculoskeletal Q & A" The Journal of Musculoskeletal Medicine 13(6):11-12, 1996.

12. Garfin, S.R.: COSS, NASS take stance against spine surgery certification. Orthopaedics Today, 18(8), 7, 1998.

Reviews:

1. Garfin, S.R., and Mubarak, S.: Letter to the Editor: Treatment of Rattlesnake Bites. J. Hand Surg.5:619-621, 1980.

2. Garfin, S.R., Mubarak, S.J., and Hargens, A.R.: Review of Article "The Management of Upper Extremity Pit Viper Wounds". J. Hand Surg. 5:168, 1980, Published in Toxicon Vol. 19, Pergamon Press Ltd., Great Britain, 193-196, 198l.

3. Garfin, S.R.: Book review Symposium on Idiopathic Low Back Pain, by A. A. White, M.D. and S. L. Gordon, Ph.D. C. V. Mosby Company, St. Louis, 492 pages, 1982, Published in Arthritis Rheum., Vol. 26, No. 2, February 1984.

4. Garfin, S.R.: Stabilizing Properties of the Halo Apparatus. "Point of View." Spine 22(7):733, 1997.

5. Garfin, S.R.: Cervical Spondylitic Myelopathy: Plates in Anterior Recompression and Reconstruction. Clinical Opinion, J Spinal Disorders 11(3):271-272, 1998.

Magazine Articles:

1. Musculoskeletal experts appeal to United Nations to recognize the "Decade of the Bone and Joint." International Edition Orthopaedics Today, 1(4), 1998.

Book Chapters:

1. Akeson, W.H., Hargens, A.R., Garfin, S.R., and Mubarak, S.J.: Muscle Compartment Syndromes and Snake Bites IN: Tissue Fluid Pressure and Composition. (Ed. Hargens, A.R.). Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 198l, pp. 215-226.

2. Garfin, S.R.: Historical Review IN: Compartment Syndromes and Volkmann's Contracture. (Ed. Mubarak, S.J., and Hargens, A.R.). W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 198l, pp. 6-16.

3. Garfin, S.R.: Anatomy of the Extremity Compartments IN: Compartment Syndromes and Volkmann's Contracture.(Ed. Mubarak, S.J., and Hargens, A.R.). W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 198l, pp. 17-

4. Amiel, D., Akeson, W.H., Harwood, F.L., Garfin, S.R., and Mechanic, G.L.: Stable Reducible Collagen Cross-link Formation in Periarticular Connective Tissue of Immobilized Rabbit Knee. Symposium on Heritable Disorders of Connective Tissue. C.V. Mosby, Co. St. Louis, 1982, pp. 156-161.

5. Garfin, S.R. and Rothman, R.H.: Traumatic Spondylolisthesis of the Axis. (Hangman's Fracture) IN: The Cervical Spine Research Society, J. B. Lippincott Co., l983, pp. 223-232.

6. Hargens, A. R., Akeson, W. H., Garfin, S. R., Gelberman, R. H. and Gershuni, D. H.: Compartment Syndromes IN: Practice of Surgery, J.B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia, PA, l984.

7. Garfin, S.R. and Katz, M.M.: The Vertebral Column: Clinical Aspects IN: The Biomechanics of Trauma. (Ed. Nahum, A. and Melvin, J.), Appleton-Century-Crofts, East Norwalk, Connecticut, 1985, pp. 301-340.

8. Garfin, S.R., Katz, M.M., Marshall, L.F.: Spinal Cord IN: Trauma Care Systems. (Ed. Cales, R.H. and Heelig, R.W., Jr.) Aspen Systems, Inc., Rockville, Maryland, August, l986.

9. Garfin, S.R.: Spinal Stenosis-Pathomechanics and Pathophysiology IN: Lumbalgias - XII Symposium Internacional de Traumatologia MAPFRE. (Ed. G. Garcia) Madrid, Spain, 1986.

10. Garfin, S.R.: The Intervertebral Disc. The Natural History of Degenerative Changes and Low Back Pain IN: Lumbalgias - XII Symposium Internacional de Traumatologia MAPFRE. (Ed. G. Garcia) Madrid, Spain, 1986.

11. Garfin, S.R.: Comparison of CT Scans and Myelography in the Evaluation of Patients with Herniated Lumbar Disc IN: Lumbalgias - XII Symposium Internacional de Traumatologia MAPFRE. (Ed. G. Garcia) Madrid, Spain, 1986.

12. Akeson, W. H., Amiel, D., Woo, S. L.-Y., and Garfin, S. R.: Immobilization Versus Continuous Passive Motion. Bristol- Myers/Zimmer Fracture Symposium "Fracture Repair: Conflicts and Consensus". Churchill- Livingstone, Inc., New York, New York, 1987, pp. 61-71.

13. Amundson, G. and Garfin, S.R.: Minimizing Blood Loss during Spine Surgery IN: Complications ofSpine Surgery (Ed. Garfin, S. R.), Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Maryland, 1989, pp. 29-52.

14. Kurz, L., Garfin, S.R., and Booth, R.E.: Iliac Bone Grafting: Techniques and Complications of harvesting IN: Complications of Spine Surgery (Ed. Garfin, S. R.), Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Maryland, 1989, pp. 323-341.

15. Garfin, S. R.: Injuries to the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine IN: Rob & Smith's Operative Surgery, Fourth Edition, (Ed. Dudley, H., Carter, D., and Russell, R.C.G.), Buttersworth and Co., London, 1989.

16. Ballock, R.T., Botte, M.J., and Garfin, S.R.: Complications of Halo Immobilization IN: Complications of Spine Surgery, (Ed. Garfin, S.R.), Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Maryland, 1989, 376-388.
17. Rydevik, B. and Garfin, S.R.: Spinal Nerve Root Compression IN: Nerve Compression Syndromes - Diagnosis and Treatment. (Ed. R.M. Szabo). SLACK Inc., Thorofare, NJ, 1989.

18. Georgis, T., Rydevik, B., Weinstein, J., and Garfin, S.R.: Complications of Pedicle Screw Fixation IN: Complications of Spine Surgery, (Ed. Garfin, S.R.), Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Maryland, 1989.

19. Garfin, S.R. and Herkowitz, H.N.: Disc Disease, Does It Exist? IN: The Lumbar Spine. (Eds. J. Weinstein and S. Wiesel), W. B. Saunders Co., Orlando, FL, 1990, pp. 369-380, pp. 369-380.

20. Garfin, S.R.: Thoracolumbar Spine: Trauma IN: Orthopaedic Knowledge Update III. Amer. Acad. Of Orthop. Surg., Park Ridge, IL, 1990, pp. 425-440.

21. Garfin, S.R. and Herkowitz, H.N.: Surgical Management of Low Back Pain Disorders IN: Contemporary Conservative Care For Painful Spinal Disorders. (Eds. T.G. Mayer, V. Mooney, R. Gatchel), Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, PA, 1991, pp. 383-402.

22. Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D., Woo, S.L-Y., Abitbol, J.-J., and Garfin, S.R.: Concepts of Soft Tissue Hemostasis and Healing IN: Contemporary Conservative Care For Painful Spine Disorders. (Eds. T.G. Mayer, V. Mooney, R. Gatchel), Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, PA, 1991, pp. 84-101.

23. Chesnut, R.M., and Garfin, S.R.: Traumatic Cervical Instability Treated with Roy-Camille Plating: Case Report of Technique and Criteria for Application IN: Spine: State of the Art Reviews. (Ed. J.J. Regan), Hanley & Belfus, Inc., Philadelphia, PA, 1991.

24. Marshall, L.F. and Garfin, S.: Incidence and Causes of Neurological Deterioration Following Spinal Cord Injury IN: The Outcome Following Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury. (Ed. JM Piepmeier), Futura Publishing Co., Inc., Mount Kisco, NY, 1992.

25. Eismont, F.J., Garfin, S.R., and Abitbol, J.J.: Thoracic and Upper Lumbar Spine Injuries IN: Skeletal Trauma. (Eds. B.D. Browner, J.B. Jupiter, A.M. Levine, P.G. Trafton), W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1992, pp. 729-803.

26. Heller, J.G., Whitecloud, T.S., Butler, J.C., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R., Wilkinson, H.A., Stambough, J.L., Simeone, F.A., Marshall, L.F.: Complications of Spinal Surgery IN: Rothman and Simeone's, The Spine, W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1992, pp. 1817-1871.

27. Garfin, S.R. and Ozanne, S.: Spinal Pedicle Fixation IN: Clinical Efficacy and Outcome in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain. (Ed. J.N. Weinstein), Raven Press, Ltd., New York, NY, 1992, pp. 137-174.

28. Weinstein, J.N., Garfin, S.R., and Kane, W.J.: Discussion of Pedicle Fixation IN: Clinical Efficacy and Outcome in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain. (Ed. J.N. Weinstein), Raven Press, Ltd., New York, NY, 1992, pp. 203-204.

29. Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D., Kwan, M., Abitbol, J.J., and Garfin, S.R.: Stress Dependence of Synovial Joints IN: Bone, Volume 5: Fracture Repair and Regeneration. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1992, pp. 33-60.

30. Cohen, M.S., Wall, E.J., Olmarker, K., Rydevik, B.L., and Garfin, S.R.: Anatomy of the Spinal Nerve Roots in the Lumbar and Lower Thoracic Spine IN: Rothman & Simeone's, The Spine. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1992, pp. 99-106.

31. Wisneski, R.J., Garfin, S.R., and Rothman, R.H.: Lumbar Disc Disease IN: Rothman & Simeone's, The Spine. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1992, pp. 671-746.

32. Garfin, S.R., Rydevik, B.L., and Lipson, S.J.: Spinal Stenosis: Pathophysiology IN: Rothman & Simeone's, The Spine. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1992, pp. 791-826.

33. Amundson, G., Edwards, C.C., and Garfin, S.R.: Spondylolisthesis IN: Rothman & Simeone's, The Spine. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1992, pp. 913-969.

34. Lavernia, C.J., Botte, M.J., and Garfin, S.R.: Spinal Orthoses for Traumatic and Degenerative Disease IN: Rothman & Simeone's, The Spine. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1992, pp. 1197-1224.

35. Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D., Abitbol, J.J., and Garfin, S.R.: The Biological Basis of Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation IN: Orthopaedic Rehabilitation, 2nd ed. (Eds. V. L. Nickel & M. J. Botte), Churchill Livingstone, New York, 1992, pp. 277-293.

36. Botte, M.J., Byrne, T.P., Berchuck, M., and Garfin, S.R.: Application and Maintenance of the Halo Skeletal Fixator IN: Orthopaedic Rehabilitation, 2nd ed. (Eds. V. L. Nickel & M. J. Botte), Churchill Livingstone, New York, 1992, pp. 899-902.

37. Mirkovic, S., Garfin, S.R., Rydevik, B., Lipson, S.J.: Pathophysiology of Spinal Stenosis IN: Instructional Course Lectures, Vol. XLI. (Ed. Eilbert, R. E.), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Park Ridge, Illinois, 1992, pp. 165-177.

38. Chesnut, R.M., Abitbol, J.J., and Garfin, S.R.: Surgical Management of Cervical Radiculopathy IN: The Orthopedic Clinics of North America. The Degenerative Neck, Vol. 23(3). (Guest Eds. S.R. Garfin and H.N. Herkowitz), W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1992, pp. 461-474.

39. Wall, E.J. and Garfin, S.R.: Neural Tissue : Spinal Cord, Conus Medullaris, Cauda Equina Nerve Root IN: Rehabilitation of the Spine: Science and Practice. (Eds. S.H. Hochschuler, H.B. Cotler, and R.D. Guyer), Mosby-Year Book, Inc., St. Louis, Missouri, 1993, pp. 285-290

40. Green, D.A., Garfin, S.R.: Tumors of the Cervical Spine IN: Surgery of the Cervical Spine. Martin Dunitz, United Kingdom, 1994.

41. Ozanne, S., Abitbol, J.J., Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., Kurz, L.T., Schwartz, A.M.: Edwards' Modular Spinal System IN: Spinal Instrumentation. Hanley & Belfus, Inc., Phladelphia, PA, May 1994.

42. Garfin, S.R., Mirkovic, S, Herkowitz, H.N.: Spinal Stenosis: Indications for Laminectomy IN: AAOS Instructional Course Lectures. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL, 1994, pp. 411-414.

43. Mirkovic, S., Garfin, S.R.: Spinal Stenosis: History and Physical Examination IN: AAOS Instructional Course Lectures. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL, 1994, 435-440.

44. Pathria, M.N., Garfin, S.R.: Imaging After Spine Surgery IN: Diagnosis of Bone and Joint Disorders. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 1995.

45. Klein, J.D., Garfin, S.R.: History and Physical Examination IN: Essentials of the Spine. Raven Press, New York, NY, 1995.

46. Garfin, S.R., Herkowitz, H.N.: Lumbar Disc Degneration: Normal Aging or a Disease Process? IN: The Lumbar Spine, 2nd ed. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA,1996.

47. Garfin, S.R., Gertzbein, S., Eismont, F.J.: Fractures of the Lumbar Spine: Evaluation, Classification, and Treatment IN: The Lumbar Spine, 2nd ed. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA,1996.
48. Klein, J.D., Garfin, S.R.: Joint Systems: Cervical Spine IN: Disability Evaluation. Mosby, St. Louis, Missouri, 1996.

49. Ahlgren, B.D., Morris, G.F., Garfin, S.R.: Cervical Spine Tumors IN: Spine: State of the Art Reviews (ed. Akbarnia, B.A.) Hanley and Befus Publishers, 1996, pp. 123-144.

50. Vaccaro, A.R., Mirkovic, S., Bauer, R.D., Garfin, S.R.: Revision Lumbar and Cervical Degenerative Spine Surgery - Indications and Techniques IN: The Textbook of Spinal Surgery, 2nd edition (ed. Bridwell, K.H. and DeWald, R.L.) Lippincott-Raven Publishers, 1997, pp. 1457-1494.

51. Scuderi, G.J., Garfin, S.R.: Anterior Approaches To The Cervical Spine IN: Master Techniques in Orthopaedics: The Spine. (ed. Bradford, D.S.) Raven Press, New York, NY, 1997, pp. 3-42.

52. Garfin, S.R., Vaccaro, A.R.: Degenerative Spondylolisthesis: Fusion With and Without Instrumentation IN: Low Back Pain. (ed. Weinstein, J.N., Gardon, S.L.) American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL, 1997, pp. 677-687.

53. Garfin, S.R.: Spine Reconstruction, Stabilization, and Fusion IN: Osseointegration in Skeletal Reconstruction and Joint Replacement. (eds. Branemark, P.I., Rydevik, B.L., Skalak, R.) Quintessence Publishing Co., Inc., Chicago, IL, 1997, pp. 143-156.

54. Mirkovic, S, Garfin, S: Wiltse Paravertebral Muscle Posterolateral Exposures IN: Surgical Approaches to the Spine. (eds. Albert, T.J., Balderston, R.A. Northrup, B.E.) WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1997, pp. 193-200.

55. Yu, C.S., Garfin, S.R.: Lumbar Spondylolisthesis IN: Principles and Techniques of Spine Surgery. (ed. An, H.S.) Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 249-266.

56. Vaccaro, A., Botte, M.J., Lind, B., Garfin, S.R.: Cervical Orthotics Including Traction and Halo Devices IN: The Cervical Spine, 3rd Ed. (eds. Clark, C.C., Ducker, T.B., Dvorak, J., Garfin, S.R., Herkowitz, H.N., Levine, A.M., Pizzutillo, P.D., Sherk, H.H., Ullrich, C.G., Zeidman, S.M.) Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp.113-140.

57. Garfin, S.R., Blair, B., Eismont, F.J., Abitbol, J.J.: Thoracic and Upper Lumbar Spine Injuries IN: Skeletal Trauma, 2nd ed. (eds. Browner, B.D., Jupiter, J.B., Levine, A.m., Trafton, P.G.) W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 947-1034.

58. Green, D.A., Garfin, S.R.: Complex Instability of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine IN: Spine Trauma. (eds. Levine, A.M., Eismont, F.J., Garfin, S.R., Zigler, J.E.) W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 496-505.

59. Benz, B., Abitbol, J.J., Ozane, S., Garfin, S.R.: Cervical Burst Fractures IN: Spine Trauma. (eds. Levine, A.M., Eismont, F.J., Garfin, S.R., Zigler, J.E.) W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 300-315.

60. Carlson, G.D., Heller, J.G., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.: Odontoid Fractures IN: Spine Trauma. (eds. Levine, A.M., Eismont, F.J., Garfin, S.R., Zigler, J.E.) W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp.227-248.

61. Vaccaro, A.R., Lavernia, C.J., Botte, M., Bergmann, K., Garfin, S.R.: Spinal Orthoses in the Mangement of Spine Trauma IN: Spine Trauma. (eds. Levine, A.M., Eismont, F.J., Garfin, S.R., Zigler, J.E.) W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 171-194.

62. Vaccaro, A.R., Ahmad, S.S., Rauschning, W., Garfin, S.R.: Anatomy and Pathophysiology of Spinal Cord Injury IN: Spine Trauma. (eds. Levine, A.M., Eismont, F.J., Garfin, S.R., Zigler, J.E.) W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 75-86.

63. Amundson, G., Garfin, S.R., Parke, W.W.: Vascular Anatomy of the Spine IN: Spine Trauma. (eds. Levine, A.M., Eismont, F.J., Garfin, S.R., Zigler, J.E.) W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 61-74.

64. Ibrahim, Z.G., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.: Teardrop Fractures of the Cervical Spine IN: Spine Trauma. (eds. Levine, A.M., Eismont, F.J., Garfin, S.R., Zigler, J.E.) W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 317-401.

65. An, H.S., Botte, M.J., Byrne, T., Garfin, S.R.: Patient Positioning and Application of Tongs and Halo IN: An Atlas of Surgery of the Spine (eds. An, H.S., Riley, L.H., Hilmer, C.R.) Martin Dunitz Ltd, London, 1998, pp. 1-12.

66. Cohen, M.S., Wall, E.J., Olmarker, K., Rydevik, B.L., Garfin, S.R.: Anatomy of the spinal nerve roots in the lumbar and lower thoracic spine IN: The Spine, fourth edition. (eds. Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., Balderston, R.A., Eismont, F.J., Bell, G.R., Wiesel, S.W.) WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 83-88.

67. Wisneski, R.J., Garfin, S.R., Rothman, R.H., Lutz, G.E.: Lumbar Disc Disease IN: The Spine, fourth edition. (eds. Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., Balderston, R.A., Eismont, F.J., Bell, G.R., Wiesel, S.W.) WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 613-679.

68. Garfin, S.R., Rydevik, B.L, Lipson, S.J., Herkowitz, H.: Spinal Stenosis IN: The Spine, fourth edition. (eds. Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., Balderston, R.A., Eismont, F.J., Bell, G.R., Wiesel, S.W.) WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 779-796.

69. Mirkovic, S., Cybulski, G., Montgomery, D.M., Wang, A., Wesolowski, D.P., Garfin, S.R.: IN: The Spine, fourth edition. (eds. Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., Balderston, R.A., Eismont, F.J., Bell, G.R., Wiesel, S.W.) WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 796-806.

70. Herkowitz, H., Garfin, S.R.: Part II: Indications and Surgical Results of Arthrodesis Following Spinal Stenosis Decompression IN: The Spine, fourth edition. (eds. Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., Balderston, R.A., Eismont, F.J., Bell, G.R., Wiesel, S.W.) WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 806M-806T.

71. Amundson, G., Edwards, C.C., Garfin, S.R.: Spondylolisthesis IN: The Spine, fourth edition. (eds. Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., Balderston, R.A., Eismont, F.J., Bell, G.R., Wiesel, S.W.) WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 835-885.

72. Botte, M.J., Garfin, S.R., Bergmann, K., Byrne, T.P., Vaccaro, A.R.: Spinal Orthoses for Traumatic and Degenerative Disease IN: The Spine, fourth edition. (eds. Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., Balderston, R.A., Eismont, F.J., Bell, G.R., Wiesel, S.W.) WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 1097-1124.

73. Osipoff, M., Abitbol, J.J., Mermelstein, L.E., Garfin, S.R., Akeson, W. H.: Postlaminectomy Scar Formation IN: Revision Spine Surgery. (eds. Margulies, J.Y., Aebi, M., Farcy, J.P.C) Mosby, Philadelphia, PA, 1998, pp. 725-743.

74. Garfin, S.R., Kauffman, C.: Spinal Stenosis: Pathophysiology and Symptom Complex Update 1999, Seminars in Spine Surgery, 11(3):209-214, September 1999.

75. Selz, T., Ibrahim, Z.G., Garfin, S.R.: Posterior Rod Hook Sleeve Instrumentation IN: Controversies in Spine Surgery: Surgical Techniques and Medical Treatment (eds. Zdbelick, T.A., Benzel, E.C., Anderson, P.K., Stillerman, C.B.) Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, MO, 1999, pp. 148-168.

76. Garfin, S.R.: Cervical Degenerative Disorders: Etiology, Presentation, and Imaging Studies IN: Instructional Course Lectures, Vol. 49. (Ed. Price, C.T. , American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Illinois, 2000, pp.335-338.

77. Herkowitz, H.N., Mirkovic, S., Garfin, S.R.: Spinal Stenosis. Instructional Course Lect. 2000;49:361-74.

78. Boretz, R.S., Lonner, B., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.: Neck Pain IN Treatment of the Rheumatic Diseases. 2000, 5:51-64.

79. Kim, C., Klein, J., Garfin, S.: Joint Systems: Cervical Spine IN Disability Evaluation. 2000 24:261-275.

80. Garfin, S., Rauschning, W.: Spinal Stenosis IN Instructional Course Lectures, Vol 50. (Ed. Sim, F.) American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Illinois, 2001, pp. 145-153.

81. Herkowitz, H., Garfin, S., Eismont, F., Bell, G., Wiesel, S.: Columna Vertebral, 4th Ed., Interamericana, 2001.

82. Pathria,M., Garfin, S.: Imaging after Spine Surgery IN Diagnosis of Bone and Joint Disorders, 4th Ed., Vol. 1,W.B. Saunders Company, 2002, pp. 521-556.

83. Garfin, S.: C1-C2 Submlaminar Wire Replacement IN Spine Surgery: Tricks of the Trade Thieme Publishers, 2002, pp. 24-25.

84. Williams, S, Kauffman, C, Stimson, L, and Garfin, S: Tuberculous Infections of the Spine IN Principles and Practices of Spine Surgery, Mosby, 2002, pp. 175 - 186.

85. Garfin, S.R., Bono, C.M. The Cervical Spine: Degenerative Disorders and Treatment. Save Your Aching Back and Neck (Eidelson), SYA Press and Research, Inc., San Diego, 2002.

86. Prevost, M., McGuire, R., Eismont, F. and Garfin, S.: Thoracic and Upper Lumbar Spie Injuries IN Skeletal Trauma 3rd edition (eds. Browner, B.D., Jupiter, J.B., Levine, A.m., Trafton, P.G.) W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, 2003, pp. 875 - 943.

87. Kim, C., Klein, J., Garfin, S.: Cervical Spine IN Disability Evaluation 2nd edition (eds. Demster, S.L., Anderson, G.) Mosby, St. Louis, MO, 2003, pp. 261-275.

88. Lane, J., Garfin, S., Sherman, P., Poynton, A.,: Medical Managaement of Osteoporosis IN: Instructional Course Lectures, Vol. 52. (Ed.Ferlic, D.C.), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Park Ridge, Illinois, 2003, pp. 785-789.

89. Bono, C.M., Garfin, S.R. Spinal Osteoporosis. Orthopaedic Knowledge Online (Herkowitz) AAOS, Rosemont, 2003.

90. Garfin, S., Vives, M.: Low Back Pain IN Conn's Current Therapy 2004 (eds. Rakel & Bope) Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, 2004, pp. 41-43.

91. Bono, C., Garfin, S.: Anterior Cervical Approach IN The Spine (eds. Bradford, D.S., Zdeblick, T.A.) Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Philadelphia, PA 2004 pp. 3-28.

92. Bono, C., Alberts, J., Garfin, S.: Nonsurgical Treatment of Thoracolumbar Fractures IN Management of Thoracolumbar Fractures (ed. Reitman, C), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, IL, 2004, pp. 47-53.

93. Bono, C., Garfin, S.: Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty for the Treatment of Painful Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures IN Advance in Spinal Fusion - Molecular Science, Biomechanics and Clinical Management, Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2004, pp. 33-49.

94. Lewis, J., Hansen, H., Gross, J., Garfin, S.: Legal Complications and Strategies for Managing Complications in Spinal Surgery IN Complications of Pediatric and Adult Spinal Surgery (ed. Vaccaro, A, et al), Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, NY, 2004, Chapter 47 pp. 759-772.

95. Bono, C.M., Kauffman, C.P., Eismont, F, Garfin, S.R. Occipitocervical Fusion. Cervical Spine Research Society Atlas 2nd Edition (Herkowitz) Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004.

96. Bono, C.M., Kauffman, C.P., Garfin, S.R. Posterior Approach: Occiput to T1. Cervical Spine Research Society Atlas 2nd Edition H Herkowitz, editor. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pp. 113-120 2004.

97. Lee, S., Bono, CM, Garfin S.: Physical Examination of the Spine IN Spine: Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA Maryland, Chapter 1 pp 1-13 2004.

98. Bono, CM, Kauffman, CP and Garfin, S.: Vertebral Body Augmentation: Kyphoplasty IN Advanced Spinal Surgical Technologies.

99. Bono, CM, Kauffman, CP and Garfin, S.: Surgical Options and Indications: Kyphoplasty IN The Lumbar Spine (Herkowitz) Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, New York, New York, Chapter 72 (2004).

100. Bono, CM, Garfin, S.: Non- Fusion: Not up to the Task IN Non-Fusion Techniques for the Spine: Motion Preservation and Balance (Maxwell) Quality Medical Publishing, Inc. St. Louis, MO (2004).

101. Bono, C.M., Garfin, S.R. Kyphoplasty Endoscopic Spine Surgery and Instrumentation (Fessler, Kim), Thieme, 2004.

102. Bono, C.M., Garfin, S.R. Anterior Cervical Approach. Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery, 2nd Edition (Bradford, Zdeblick), Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Chapter 1, pp. 3-28, 2004.

103. Bono, C.M., Garfin, S.R. Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty for the Treatment of Painful Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Advances in Spinal Fusion (Lewandrowski, Wise, Trantolo, Yaszemski, White), Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, Chapter 4, pp. 33-49, 2004.

104. Alberts, JR, Garfin, S.: Lumbar Disc Herniation IN Best New Technologies in Spine and Pain Management from A-Z Garfin SR, editor. SYA Press and Research, Inc.: San Diego, 2005.

105. Bono, CM, Garfin, S.: Kyphoplasty IN Best New Technologies in Spine and Pain Management from A-Z Garfin SR, editor. SYA Press and Research, Inc.: San Diego, 2005.

106. Alberts, JR, Bono, CM, Garfin, S.: Nonoperative Treatment of Thoracolumbar Fractures IN Evaluation and Management of Thoracolumbar Fractures (Reitman) Elsevier.

107. Bono, C.M., Garfin, S.R. Kyphoplasty. The Practice of Minimally Invasive Spine Technique (Savitz, Chiu, Yeung) AAMISMS Education, LLC, Richmond, 2005.

108. Bono, CM, Garfin, S.: Vertebral Discitis & Osteomyelitis IN A Residents' Guide to the Fundamentals of Spine Surgery (Vaccaro) Mosby Publishing Company, 2005.

109. Truumees, E., Garfin, S.. Patient Selection in the Treatment of Pathologic Compression Fractures. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty (ed. Resnick and Garfin), Theime Medical Publishers, Inc., New York, NY, Chapter 7, pp. 48-61, 2005.

110. Vives, M.J., Garfin, S.R.: Flexion Injuries IN The Cervical Spine, 4th Edition (ed. Clark et al.), Lippencott-Raven, Inc., Philadelphia, PA Chapter 48 pp. 660-670 2005.

111. Vives, M. Garfin, S.: Extension Injuries IN The Cervical Spine, 4th Edition (ed. Clark et al), Lippencott-Raven, Inc., Philadephia, PA, Chapter 49 pp. 671-682 2005.

112. Bono, CM., Garfin, S.: Postoperative Infection IN The Cervical Spine, 4th Edition (ed. Clark et al), Lippencott-Raven, Inc., Philadephia, PA, Chapter 84 pp. 1170-1178 2005.

113. Bono, C.M., Kauffman, C.P., Garfin, S.R. Vertebral body Augmentation: Kyphoplasty. Emerging Spine Surgery Technologies (Corbin, Connolly, Yuan, Bao, Boden), Quality Medical Publishing, Inc., St. Louis, MO, Chapter 24, 2006.

114. Bono, C.M., Parke, W.W., Garfin, S.R. Development of the Spine. Rothman-Simeone The Spine, 5th Edition (Herkowitz, Garfin, Eismont, Bell, Balderston), Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, PA, Chapter 1, pp. 3-15, 2006.

115. Parke, W.W., Bono, C.M., Garfin, S.R. Applied Anatomy of the Spine. Rothman-Simeone The Spine, 5th Edition (Herkowitz, Garfin, Eismont, Bell, Balderston), Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, PA, Chapter 2, pp. 16-54, 2006.

116. Bono, C.M., Wisneski, R., Garfin, S.R. Lumbar Disc Herniations. Rothman-Simeone The Spine, 5th Edition (Herkowitz, Garfin, Eismont, Bell, Balderston), Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, PA, Chapter 59, pp. 967-991, 2006.

117. Vives, M.J., Garfin, S.R. Spinal Orthoses for Traumatic and Degerative Diseases. Rothman-Simeone The Spine, 5th Edition (Herkowitz, Garfin, Eismont, Bell, Balderston), Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, PA, Chapter 74, pp. 1203-1219, 2006.

118. Bono, C.M., Garfin, S.R. Thoracic and Lumbar Kyphoplasty. Minimally Invasive Approaches to the Spine (Ozgur, Garfin, Benzel), Springer, New York, 2006.

119. Kim, Choll, Garfin, S.,: Fusion Surgery IN Interventional Spine: An Algorithmic Approach (Slipman, Derbry, Simeone, Mayer) Elsevier Limited, London Chapter 103 in press.

120. Bono, CM, Parke, WW, Garfin, S.: Vascular Anatomy of the Spinal Cord IN Spine Trama 2nd Ed. (Levine, Eismont, Garfin, Zigler) Elsevier Science, Philadelphia, PA, Chapter 9, in press.

121. Lee, Y.P., Kim, C.W., Garfin, S.R.: Cervical Lateral Mass Screw Placement (C3-C7) IN Spine Surgery: Tricks of the Trade (2nd Edition). (Vacarro, Albert), Thieme, New York, NY, Chapter 11, in press.

122. Kim, C.W., Garfin, S.R.: Percutaneous Cement Augmentation Techniques (Vertebroplasty, Kyphoplasty) IN Spine Surgery: Tricks of the Trade (2nd Edition). (Vacarro, Albert), Thieme, New York, NY, Capter 66, in press.

123. Chang, D.G., Kim, C.W., Garfin, S.R., Patria, M.: The Spine in Sports IN MRI in Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. (Pedowitz, Resnick, Chung), Springer, New York, NY, Chapter 4, in press.

Articles:

1. Garfin, S.R., Indeglia, R., Shea, M.A., and Bernstein, E.F.: Effect of Albumin Coated Surfaces on Erythrocyte Mechanical Destruction. Surg. Forum XIX:l35, l968.

2. Garfin, S.R., Shea, M.A., and Bernstein, E.F.: Effect of Lysolecithin on Bovine Erythrocyte Osmotic Fragility. Acta Hematol. (Basel) 42:106, 1969.

3. Garfin, S.R., Mubarak, S.J., Owen, C.A.: Exertional Anterolateral-Compartment Syndrome. Case Report with Fascial Defect, Muscle Herniation and Superficial Peroneal-Nerve Entrapment Syndrome. J. Bone Joint Surg. 59-A:404, 1977.

4. Mubarak, S.J., Owen, C.A., Garfin, S.R., and Hargens, A.R.: Acute Exertional Superficial Posterior Compartment Syndrome. Am. J. Sports Med. 6:287, 1978.

5. Garfin, S.R., Mubarak, S.J., and Davidson, T.M.: Rattlesnake Bites - Current Concepts. Clin. Orthop. l40:50, 1979.

6. Garfin, S.R., Castilonia, R.R., Mubarak, S.J., Hargens, A.R., Akeson, W.H., and Russell, F. E.: Role of Surgical Decompression in Treatment of Rattlesnake Bites. Surg. Forum XXX:502, 1979.

7. Garfin, S.R., Pye, S.A., Hargens, A.R., and Akeson, W.H.: Surface Pressure Distribution of the Human Body in the Recumbent Position. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 61:409-413, 1980.

8. Woo, S.L-Y., Ritter, M.A., Amiel, D., Sanders, T.M., Gomez, M.A., Kuei, S.C., Garfin, S.R., and Akeson, W.H.: The Biomechanical and Biochemical Properties of Swine Tendons - Long Term Effects of Exercise on the Digital Extensors. Connective Tissue Res. 7:177, 1980.

9. Hargens, A.R., Schmidt, D.A., Evans, K.L., Gonsalves, M.R., Cologne, J.B., Garfin, S.R., Mubarak, S.J., Hagan, P.L., and Akeson, W.H.: Quantitation of Skeletal-Muscle Necrosis in a Model Compartment Syndrome. J. Bone Joint Surg. 63A:631-636, 198l.

10. Gelberman, R.H., Garfin, S.R., Hergenroeder, P.T., Mubarak, S.J., and Menon, J.: Compartment Syndromes of the Forearm: Diagnosis and Treatment. Clin. Orthop. 161:252-261, 198l.

11. Bauman, T.A., Gelberman, R.H., Mubarak, S.J., and Garfin, S.R.: The Acute Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Clin. Orthop. 156:151-156, 198l.

12. Garfin, S.R., and Pye, S.A.: Bed Design and Its Effect on Chronic Low Back Pain - A Limited Controlled Trial. Pain. 10:87-9l, l98l.

13. Garfin, S.R., Mubarak, S.J., Evans, K.L., Hargens, A.R., and Akeson, W.H.: Quantification of Intracompartmental Pressure and Volume Under Plaster Casts. J. Bone Joint Surg. 63A:449-453, 198l.

14. Garfin, S.R., Tipton, C.M., Mubarak, S.J., Woo, S.L-Y., Hargens, A.R., and Akeson, W. H.: Role of Fascia in Maintenance of Muscle Tension and Pressure. J. Applied Physiology. 51:317-321, 198l.

15. Hargens, A.R., Garfin, S.R., Mubarak, S.J., Castilonia, R.R., and Russell, F.E.: Edema Associated with Venomous Snake Bites. Bibliotheca Anatomica, No. 20.:267-268, Karger, Basel, 198l.

16. Mubarak, S.J., Garfin, S.R., Vance, R., McKinnon, B., and Sutherland, D.: Pitfalls in the use of the Pavlik Harness for Treatment of Congenital Dysplasia, Subluxation, and Dislocation of the Hip. J. Bone Joint Surg. 63A:1239-1248, 198l.

17. Garfin, S. R., Rothman, R.H.: Pathogenesis and Pathomechanics of Spinal Stenosis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Resources for Basic Science Educators, San Diego Seminar, AAOS, 399-40l, l98l.

18. Garfin, S.R.: Rattlesnake Bites: Current Hospital Therapy. The Western Journal of Medicine, 411-412, 1982.

19. Garfin, S.R.: Role of Tissue Pressure Measurements in the Treatment of Rattlesnake Bites. Proc. of the XI International Congress for Tropical Medicine and Malaria, Calgary, 1984, Uniscience Series CRC.

20. Yu, E.C., and Garfin, S.R.: Closed Dorsal Dislocation of the Metatarsophalangeal Joint of the Great Toe - A Surgical Approach and Case Report. Clin. Orthop. l85:237-240, l984.

21. Garfin, S.R., Castilonia, R.R., Mubarak, S.J., Hargens, A.R., Russell, F.E., and Akeson, W.H.: Rattlesnake Bites and Surgical Decompression: Results Using a Laboratory Model. Toxicon 22: l77-l82, l984.

22. Bell, G. R., Rothman, R. H., Booth, R. E., Cuckler, J. M., Garfin, S. R., Herkowitz, H., Simeone, F. A., Dolinskas, C. and Han, S. S: A Study of Computer Assisted Tomography. Part II: Comparison of Metrizamide Myelography and Computed Tomography in the Diagnosis of Herniated Lumbar Disc and Spinal Stenosis. Spine 9: 552-556, 1984. (Volvo Award for clinical research)

23. Guerra, J., Garfin, S.R., Resnick, D.: Vertebral Burst Fractures: CT Analysis of the Retropulsed Fragment. Radiology 153:766-772, 1984.

24. Mortensen, W. W., Hargens, A. R., Gershuni, D. H., Crenshaw, A. G., Garfin, S. R., and Akeson, W. H.: Long-term Myoneural Function after an Induced Compartment Syndrome in the Canine Hindlimb. Clin. Orthop. 195:15-19, 1985.

25. Mowery, C., Garfin, S. R., Booth, R. E., Rothman, R. H.: Recurrent Posterior Dislocation of the Shoulder--Treatment with a Bone Block Technique. J. of Bone Joint Surg. 67A: 777- 781, l985.

26. Garfin, S. R., Botte, M., Dungan, D., Woo, S. L.-Y., Nickel, V. L.: Reliability After Repeated Use of a Torque Screwdriver Employed For Halo Pin Fixation. J. of Ortho. Res. 3(1): 121-123, 1985.

27. Kurz, L., Garfin, S. R., Unger, I. R., Thorne, R. and Rothman, R. H.: Intraspinal Synovial Cyst Causing Sciatica. J. Bone Joint Surg. 67A:865-871, 1985.

28. Weise, M., Garfin, S. R., Gelberman, R. H., Thorne, R. and Katz, M.: Lower Extremity Sensibility Testing in Patients with Herniated Lumbar Intervertebral Discs. J. Bone Joint Surg. 67:1219-1224, 1985.

29. Atkinson, J. H., Kremer, E. F. and Garfin, S. R.: Psychopharmacological Agents in the Treatment of Pain. J. Bone Joint Surg. 67A: 337-342, 1985.

30. Garfin, S. R., Castilonia, R. R., Hargens, A. R., Mubarak, S. J., Akeson, W. H., and Russell, F. E.: The Effect of Antivenin on Intramuscular Pressure Elevations. Toxicon 23(4):667-680, l985.

31. Garfin, S.R., Mowery, C.A., Guerra, J. and Marshall, L. F.: Confirmation of the Posterolateral Technique to Decompress and Fuse Thoracolumbar Spine Burst Fractures. Spine 10(3): 218-223, 1985.

32. Garfin, S. R., Botte, M.J., Centeno, R.S., Nickel, V.L.: Osteology of the Skull as it Affects Halo Pin Placement. Spine 10(8): 696-698, 1985.

33. Garfin, S.R., Roux, R., Botte, M.J., Centeno, R., Woo, S.L-Y: Skull Osteology as it Affects Halo Pin Placement in Children. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics 6(4):434-436, 1986.

34. Garfin, S.R., and Amundson, G.M.: Spondylolisthesis. Update on Spinal Disorders. 1(1):3-5,8-9, 1986.

35. Katz, M., Hargens, A. R., and Garfin, S. R.: Intervertebral Disc Nutrition. Clin. Ortho. 210:243-245, Sept. 1986.

36. Centeno, R.S., Sovak, M., Hackney, D.B., Garfin, S.R.: Brain Changes on Computed Tomography Following Metrizamide Myelography--Significance and Therapeutic Implications. Spine 11(6):509-512, 1986.

37. Garfin, S.R. and Rothman, R.H.: Fibrous Dysplasia of the Cervical Spine (A Case Report). Skeletal Radiology 15(1):72-76, 1986.

38. Garfin, S.R., Botte, M.J., Waters, R.L., Nickel, V.L.: Complications In The Use Of The Halo Fixation Device. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 68-A(3):319-325, March 1986.

39. Garfin, S.R., Lee, T.Q., Roux, R.D., Silva, F.W., Ballock, R.T., Botte, M.J., Katz, M.M., Woo, S.L-Y.: Structural Behavior of the Halo Orthosis Pin-Bone Interface: Biomechanical Evaluation of Standard and Newly Designed Stainless Steel Halo Fixation Pins. Spine, 11(10):977-991, 1986.

40. Garfin, S.R.: Acquired Spinal Stenosis: Making the Diagnosis. J. J. Musculoskeletal Med.:61-69, Jan. 1987.

41. Herkowitz, H.N, Garfin, S.R., Gordon, R.B., Boumphrey, F., and Rothman, R.H.: The Use of Computerized Tomography in Evaluating Non-Visualized Vertebral Levels Caudad to a Complete Block on a Lumbar Myelogram. J. Bone Joint Surg. 69-A(2):218-224, February 1987.

42. Garfin, S.R., Katz, M.M., and Marshall, L.F.: Prehospital Care of Spinal Cord Injuries. Topics in Emergency Medicine: Prehospital Care Update, 9(1):37-49, April 1987.

43. Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D., Abel, M.F., Garfin, S.R., and Woo, S.L-Y.: Effects of Immobilization on Joints. Clinical Orthop. 219:28-37, June 1987.

44. Fronek, J., Mubarak, S.J., Hargens, A.R., Lee, Y.F., Gershuni, D.H., Garfin, S.R., Akeson, W.H.: Management of Chronic Exertional Anterior Compartmental Syndrome of the Lower Extremity. Clin. Ortho. & Related Res., 220:217-227, July 1987.

45. Botte, M.J., Byrne, T., Garfin, S.R.: Application of the Halo Cervical Immobilizer Utilizing an Increased Torque Pressure. J. Bone Joint Surg. 69-A:750-753, 1987.

46. Bjorkengren, A.G., Kurz, L.T., Resnick, D., Sartoris, D.J., and Garfin, S.R.: Symptomatic Intraspinal Synovial Cysts: Opacification and Treatment by Percutaneous Injection. AJR 149:105-107, July 1987.

47. Garfin, S.R., Botte, M.J., Byrne, T.P, and Woo, S.L-Y.: Application and Maintenance of the Halo Skeletal Fixator. Update on Spinal Disorders 2:1,3-8, 1987.

48. Schubert, A., Drummond, J.C., and Garfin, S.R.: The Influence of Stimulus Presentation Rate on the Cortical Amplitude and Latency of Intraoperative Somatosensory-Evoked Potential Recordings in Patients with Varying Degrees of Spinal Cord injury. Spine 12:969-973, 1987.

49. Garfin, S.R., Moore, M. and Hargens, A.H.: Compartment Syndrome of the Thigh Complicating Surgical Treatment of Ipsilateral Femur and Ankle Fractures, A Case Report. J. Ortho. Trauma 1(1):71-73, 1987.

50. Marshall, L.F., Knowlton, S., Garfin, S.R., Klauber, M.R., Eisenberg, H.M., Kopaniky, D., Miner, M.E., Tabbador, K., Clifton, G.L.:Deterioration following spinal cord injury. A Multicenter study. J Neurosurg 66(3):400-404, 1987.

51. Moore, M.R., Garfin, S.R., and Hargens, A.R.: Wide Tourniquets Eliminate Blood Flow at Low Inflation Pressures. J. Hand Surg. 12(6):1006-1011, Nov. 1987.

52. Bracker, M.D., Garfin, S.R., and Singer, S.A.: A Case Conference: Low Back Pain in a Tennis Player. The Phys. & Sport Med. 16(4):75-82, April 1988.

53. Garfin, S.R., Moore, M.R., and Marshall, L.F.: A Modified Technique for Cervical Facet Fusions. Clin. Orthop. & Related Res. 230:149-153, May 1988.

54. Pedowitz, R.A., Garfin, S.R., Roberts, W.A., and White, A.A.: Evaluating the Causes of Neck, Shoulder, and Arm Pain. J. Musculoskeletal Med. 5(6):61-74, June 1988.

55. Triggs, K.J., Garfin, S.R., Marshall, L.F., and Nickel, V.L.: Spinal Cord Injury: Advanced Treatment Concepts. Surgical Rounds 11(7):39-49, July 1988.

56. Garfin, S.R, Glover, M., Booth, R.E., Simeone, F., and Rothman, R.H.: Laminectomy--A Review of the Pennsylvania Hospital Experience. J. Spinal Disorders 1(2):116-133, 1988.

57. Garfin, S.R., Botte, M.J., Triggs, K.J., Nickel, V.L.: Subdural Abscess Associated with Halo Pin Traction. J. Bone Joint Surg. 70-A:1338-1340, Oct. 1988.

58. MacKersie, R.C. and Garfin, S.R.: Major Skeletal Injuries in the Obtunded Blunt Trauma Patient: A Case for Routine Radiologic Surgery. J. Trauma 28(10):1450-1454, Oct. 1988.

59. Garfin, S.R., Kurz, L.T., Harlow, S.J., Katz, M.M., Weisman, M.: The Effectiveness of a Nurse Practitioner in Screening Patients in a Spinal Disorders Clinic. Spine 13(1):121-123, Jan. 1988.

60. Garfin, S.R., Leach, J., Schultz, P., Mubarak, S.J.: Experiential Approach--and Literature Review--of Spinal Care in Adults with a Neuromuscular Disorder. J. Spinal Disord. 1(3):202-205, 1988.

61. Atkinson, J.H., Slater, M.A., Grant, I., Patterson, T.L., Garfin, S.R.: Depression and stressful life events in chronic pain. Psychosomatic Medicine, 50:207-208, 1988.

62. Atkinson, J.H., Slater, M.A., Grant, I, Garfin, S.R.: Chronic pain and lifetime psychiatric disorder: A controlled study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 50:206-207, 1988.

63. Atkinson, J.H., Ancoli-Israel, S., Slater, M.A., Garfin, S.R., and Gillin, J.C.: Subjective Sleep Disturbance in Chronic Back Pain. Sleep Research, 16:463, 1988.

64. Atkinson, J.H., Slater, M.A, Grant, I., Patterson, T.L., Garfin, S.R.: Depressed Mood in Chronic Low Back Pain: Relationship with Stressful Life Events. Pain, 35:49-55, 1988.

65. Kurz, L.T., Garfin, S.R., and Fielding, J.W.: The Rheumatoid Cervical Spine. J. Orthop. Rheum. 1:71-78, 1988.

66. Atkinson, J.H., Ancoli-Israel, S., Slater, M.A., Garfin, S.R., and Gillin, J.C.: Subjective Sleep Disturbance in Chronic Back Pain. Clin. J. Pain 4(4):225-232, 1988.

67. Garfin, S.R., Shackford, S.R., Marshall, L.F., and Drummond, J.C.: Care of Multiply Injured Patient With Cervical Spine Injury. Clin. Orthop. and Rel. Res. 239:19-29, Feb. 1989.

68. Ballock, R.T., Hajek, P.C., Byrne, T.P., Garfin, S.R.: The Quality of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, As Affected by the Composition of the Halo Orthosis. JBJS 71-A(3):431-434, March 1989.

69. Garfin, S.R. and Fielding, J. W.: Editorial Comment for Traumatic and Degenerative Lesions of the Cervical Spine. Clin. Orthop. 239:2-3, Feb. 1989.

70. Botte, M.J., Garfin, S.R., Byrne, T.P., Woo, S. L.-Y., and Nickel, V.L.: The Halo Skeletal Fixator: Principles of Application and Maintenance. Clin. Orthop. 239:12-18, Feb. 1989.

71. Akeson, W.H., Garfin, S.R., Amiel, D., and Woo, S.L-Y.: Para-articular Connective Tissue in Osteoarthritis. Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism 18:4(2):41-50, 1989.

72. Herkowitz, H.N. and Garfin, S.R.: Decompressive Surgery For Spinal Stenosis. Seminars in Spine Surgery 1(3):163-167, 1989.

73. Kurz, L.T., Centeno, R.S., Alksne, J.F., and Garfin, S.R.: Perineural Cysts of the Sacral Nerve Roots. Neuro-Orthopedics 7:24-31, 1989.

74. Botte, M.J., Bryne, T.P., and Garfin, S.R.: Use of Skin Incisions in the Application of Halo Skeletal Fixator Pins. Clin. Orthop. 246:100-101, 1989.

75. Triggs, K.J., Ballock, R.T., Lee, T., Woo, S-Y., Garfin, S.R.: The Effect of Angled Insertion on Halo Pin Fixation. Spine 14(8):781-783, 1989.

76. Garfin, S.R., Heller, J.R.: The Operative Reduction of Spondylolisthesis: Indications, Techniques, Results, Complications. Seminars in Spine Surgery 1(2):125-132, 1989.

77. Rydevik, B.L., Hansson, T.H., and Garfin, S.R.: Pathophysiology of Cauda Equina Compression. Seminars in Spine Surgery 1(3):139-143, 1989.

78. Abitbol, J.J., Botte, M.J., Garfin, S.R., and Akeson, W.H.: The Treatment of Multiple Myeloma of the Cervical Spine With a Halo Vest. J. Spinal Disorders 2(4):263-267, Dec. 1989.

79. Mubarak, S.J., Camp, J.F., Vuletich, W., Wenger, D.R., Garfin, S.R.: Halo Application in the Infant. J. Ped. Orthop. 9:612-614, 1989.

80. Hargens, A.R., Akeson, W.H., Mubarak, S.J., Owen, C.A., Gershuni, D.H., Garfin, S.R., Lieber, R.L., Danzig, L.A., Botte, M.J., and Gelberman, R.H.: Tissue Fluid Pressures: From Basic Research Tools to Clinical Applications. J. Orthop. Res. 7:902-909, 1989. (Kappa Delta Award Paper)

81. Kurz, L.T., Garfin, S.R., Booth, R.E.: Harvesting Autogenous Iliac Bone Grafts: A Review of Complications and Techniques. Spine 14(12):1324-1331, 1989.

82. Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.: Surgical Management of Cervical Disc Disease: Anterior Cervical Fusion. Seminars in Spine Surgery 1(4):233-238, 1989.

83. Ducker, T.B., Garfin, S.R., Clark, C.R.: Cervical Spine Research Society - 16th Annual Meeting Key Biscayne, Florida November 30 - December 3, 1988. Spine 14(10):1039, 1989

84. Abitbol, J.J. and Garfin, S.R.: Posterolateral Spinal Canal Decompression for Traumatic Injuries. Seminars in Spine Surgery 2(1):35-40, 1990.

85. Steinmann, J.C., Mirkovic, S., Abitbol, J.J., Massie, J., Subbaiah, P., and Garfin, S.R.: Radiographic Assessment of Sacral Screw Placement. J. Spinal Disorders 3(3):232-237, 1990.

86. Ingram, R.E., Atkinson, J.H., Slater, M.A., Saccuzzo, D.P., Garfin, S.R.: Negative and Positive Cognition in Depressed and Nondepressed Chronic-Pain Patients. Health Psychology 9(3):300-314, 1990.

87. Garfin, S.R., Cohen, M.S., Massie, J.B., Abitbol, J.J., Swenson, M.R., Myers, R.R., Rydevik, B.L.: Nerve-Roots of the Cauda Equina: The Effect of Hypotension and Acute Graded Compression on Function. J. Bone Joint Surg. 72-A(8):1185-1192, 1990.

88. Chamberlain, M.C., Abitbol, J.J., and Garfin, S.R.: Epidural Spinal Cord Compression: Treatment Options. Seminars in Spine Surgery 2(3):203-209, 1990.

89. Rydevik, B.L., Kwan, M.K., Myers, R.R., Brown, R.A., Triggs, K.J., Woo, S.L-Y., Garfin, S.R.: An In Vitro Mechanical and Histological Study of Acute Stretching on the Rabbit Tibial Nerve. J. Orthop. Res. 8:694-701, 1990.

90. Ballock, R.T., Lee, T.Q., Triggs, K.J., Woo, S.L-Y., and Garfin, S.R.: The Effect of Pin Location on the Rigidity of the Halo Pin-Bone Interface. Neurosurgery 26(2):238-241, 1990.

91. Wall, E.J., Cohen, M.S., Abitbol, J.J., and Garfin, S.R.: Organization of Intrathecal Nerve Roots at the Level of the Conus Medullaris. J. Bone Joint Surg. 72-A(10):1495-1499, 1990.

92. Wall, E.J., Cohen, M.S., Massie, J.B., Rydevik, B., and Garfin, S.R.: Cauda Equina Anatomy I: Intrathecal Nerve Root Organization. Spine 15(12):1244-1247, 1990.

93. Cohen, M.S., Wall, E.J., Brown, JR.A., Rydevik, B., and Garfin, S.R.: Cauda Equina Anatomy II: Extrathecal Nerve Roots and Dorsla Root Ganglia. Spine 15(12):1248-1251, 1990.

94. Heller, J.G. and Garfin, S.R.: Postoperative Infection of the Spine. Sem. Spine Surg. 2(4):268-282, 1990.

95. Atkinson, J.H., Slater, M.A., Grant, I., Patterson, T.L., Garfin, S.R.: Psychopathology and pain onset. Psychosomatic Medicine, 52:238, 1990.

96. Weickgenant, A., Slater, M.A., Atkinson, J.H., Patterson, T.L., Grant, I., Garfin, S.R.: Consistency of Coping: Managing symptoms versus General Stressors. Psychosomatic Medicine, 52:238, 1990.

97. Glover, M., Hargens, A.R., Mahmood, M.M., Gott, S., Garfin, S.R.: A New Technique for In Vitro Measurement of Nucleus Pulposus Swelling Pressure. J. Orthop. Res. 9:61-67, 1991.

98. Berchuck, M., Garfin, S.R., Abitbol, J.J., and Wilber, R.G.: Vertebrectomy for Tumors and Infections in the Lumbar Spine. Oper. Tech. Orthop. 1(1):97-150, 1991.

99. Drummond, J.C., Abitbol, J.J., Sanford, T.J., and Garfin, S.R.: Transient Paraplegia During Posterior Cervical Osteotomy. Anesthesiology 74:628-630, 1991.

100. Cohen, M.S., Wall, E.J., Kerber, C.W., Abitbol, J.J., and Garfin, S.R.: The Anatomy of the Cauda Equina on CT Scans and MRI. J. Bone Joint Surg. 73-B(3):381-384, 1991.

101. Rydevik, B.L., Pedowitz, R.A., Hargens, A.R., Swenson, M.R., Myers, R.R., Garfin, S.R.: Effects of Acute, Graded Compression on Spinal Nerve Root Function and Structure. An Experimental Study of the Pig Cauda Equina. Spine 16(5):487-493, 1991.

102. Carlson, G., Abitbol, J.J., and Garfin, S.R.: Prevention of Complications in Surgical Management of Back Pain and Sciatica. Orthop. Clin. N. Amer. 22(2):345-351, 1991.

103. Garfin, S.R., Rydevik, B.L., Brown, R.A., Sartoris, D.J.: Compressive Neuropathy of Spinal Nerve Roots--A Mechanical or Biological Problem? Spine 16:162, 1991.

104. Cohen, M., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.: Principles of Spine Trauma Management. Adv. in Orthop. Surg. 14(6):311-317, 1991.

105. Cohen, M.S., Garfin, S.R., Hargens, A.R., Mubarak, S.J.: Acute Compartment Syndrome: Effect of Dermotomy on Fascial Decompression in the Leg. J. Bone Joint Surg. [Br] 73-B:287-90, 1991.

106. Slater, M.A., Hall, H.F., Atkinson, J.H., and Garfin, S.R.: Pain and Impairment Beliefs in Chronic Low Back Pain: Validation of the Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale (PAIRS). Pain 44:51-56, 1991.

107. White, A.A., Garfin, S.R., Nachemson, A., Onik, G., Spengler, D.M.: Symposium: Current Concepts in the Management of Herniated Disc. Contemp. Orthop. 22(3):339-364, 1991.

108. Mirkovic, S. and Garfin, S.R.: "Segmental" Spinal Instability as Related to the Degenerative Disc. Sem. Spine Surg. 3(2):1991-123, 1991.

109. Mirkovic, S., Abitbol, J.J., Steinman, J., Edwards, C.C., Schaffler, M., Massie, J., and Garfin, S.R.: Anatomic Consideration for Sacral Screw Placement. Spine 16(6):S289-S294, 1991.

110. Atkinson, J.H., Slater, M.A., Patterson, T.L., Grant, I., and Garfin, S.R.: Prevalence, Onset, and Risk of Psychiatric Disorders in Men with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Controlled Study. Pain 45:111-121, 1991.

111. Heller, J.G., Carlson, G.D., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.: Anatomic Comparison of the Roy-Camille and Magerl Techniques for Screw Placement in the Lower Cervical Spine. Spine 16(10S):S552-S557, 1991. (Award for Outstanding Cervical Spine Research)

112. Cornacchia, L., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R., Heller, J.G., Marshall, L.: Blunt Injuries to the Extracranial Cerebral Vessels Associated with Spine Fractures. Spine 16(10S):S506-S510, 1991.

113. Lee, C.K., Garfin, S., Guyer, R., LaRocca, S.H., Mayer, T., Saal, J.A., Gaines, R., Hall, H., Hochschuler, S., Weinstein, J.: Common Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures of the Lumbosacral Spine. Spine 16(10):1161-1167, 1991.

114. Wall, E.J., Kwan, M.K., Rydevik, B.L., Woo, S.L.-Y., and Garfin, S.R.: Stress Relaxation of a Peripheral Nerve. J. Hand Surg. 16A(5):859-863, 1991.

115. Schwartz, L., Slater, M.A., Birchler, G.R., Atkinson, J.H., Garfin S.R.: Depression in Spouses of Chronic Pain Patients: The Role of Patient, Pain and Anger, and Marital Satisfaction. Pain, 44:61-67, 1991.

116. Slater, M.A., Hall, H.F., Atkinson, J.H., Garfin, S.R.: Pain and Impairment Beliefs in Chronic Low Back Pain: Validation of the Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale (PAIRS). Pain, 44:51-56, 1991.

117. Ballock, R.T., Mackersie, R., Abitbol, J.J., Cervilla, V., Resnick, D., Garfin, S.R.: Can Burst Fractures Be Predicted From Plain Radiographs? Brit. J. Bone Joint Surg. 74-B(1):147-153, 1992.

118. Pedowitz, R.A., Garfin, S.R., Massie, J.B., Hargens, A.R., Swenson, M.R., Myers, R.R., Rydevik, B.L.: Effects of Magnitude and Duration of Compression on Spinal Nerve Root Conduction. Spine 17(2):194-199, 1992.

119. Wall, E.J., Massie, J.B., Kwan, M.K., Rydevik, B.L., Myers, R.R., and Garfin, S.R.: Experimental Stretch Neuropathy. J. Bone Joint Surg. [Br] 74-B:126-129, 1992.

120. Carlson, G.D., Abitbol, J.J., Anderson, D.R., Krag, M.H., Kostuik, J.P., Woo, S.L-Y., and Garfin, S.R.: Screw Fixation in the Human Sacrum: An In Vitro Study of the Biomechanics of Fixation. Spine 17(6S):S196-S203, 1992.

121. Ozanne, S., Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., Abitbol, J.-J., and Kurz, L.T.: Edwards' Modular Spinal System: Design and Use in Traumatic and Reconstructive Spine Surgery. Sem. Spine Surg. 4(3):152-174, 1992.

122. Schaffler, M.B., Alson, M.D., Heller, J.G., and Garfin, S.R.: Morphology of the Dens: A Quantitative Study. Spine 17(7):738-743, 1992.

123. Kwan, M.K., Wall, E.J., Massie, J., and Garfin, S.R.: Strain, Stress, and Stretch of Peripheral Nerve. Acta. Orthop. Scand. 63(3):267-272, 1992.

124. Berchuck, M., Garfin, S.R., Bauman, T., and Abitbol, J.J.: Complications of Anterior Intervertebral Grafting. Clin. Orthop. 284:54-62, 1992.

125. Heller, J.G., Garfin, S.R., and Abitbol, J.-J.: Disk Herniations Associated With Compression Instrumentation of Lumbar Flexion-Distraction Injuries. Clin. Orthop. 284:91-98, 1992.

126. Massie, J.B., Heller, J.G., Abitbol, J.-J., McPherson, D., and Garfin, S.R.: Postoperative Posterior Spinal Wound Infections. Clin. Orthop. 284:99-108, 1992.

127. Garfin, S.R. and Fielding, J.W.: Avoidance of Complications in Spine Surgery - Editorial Comment. Clin. Orthop. 284:2, 1992.

128. Heller, J.G., Alson, M.D., Schaffler, M.B., Garfin, S.R.: Quantitative Internal Dens Morphology. Spine 17:861-866, 1992.

129. Pedowitz, R.A., Gershuni, D.H., Friden, J., Garfin, S.G., Rydevik, B.L., Hargens, A.R.: Effects of reperfusion intervals on skeletal muscle injury beneath and distal to a pneumatic tournequet. J Hand Surg Am 17(2): 244-245, 1992.

130. Chesnut, R.M., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.:Surgical management of cervical radiculopathy. Indication, techniques, and results. Orthop Clin North Am 23(3):461-74, 1992.

131. Mirkovic, S., Garfin, S.R., Rydevik, B., Lipson, S.J.: Pathophysiology of spinal stenosis. Inst Course Lect 41:165-177, 1992.

132. Jaurequi, N., Lincoln, T., Mubarak, S., Garfin, S.: Surgically Related Upper Cervical Spine Canal Anatomy in Children. Spine 18:1939-1944, 1993.

133. Green, D., Bauer, R.D., Garfin, S.R.: Principles Pertaining to Newer Instrumentation Techniques for Management of Cervical Spine Trauma. Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine 1:208-220, 1993.

134. Fardon, D., Pinkerton, S., Balderston, R., Garfin, S., Nasca, R., Salib, R.: Terms used for diagnosis by English speaking spine surgeons, Spine 18:274, 1993.

135. Zdeblick, T.A., Abitbol, J-J, Kunz, D.N., McCabe, R.P., Garfin, S.R.: Cervical stability after sequential capsule resection. Spine 18:2005, 1993.

136. Lind, B., Massie, J.B., Lincoln, T., Myers, R.R., Swenson, M.R., Garfin, S.R.: The Effects of Induced Hypertension and Acute Graded Compression on impulse propagation in the Spinal Nerve Roots of the Pig, Spine 18:1550, 1993.

137. Smith, S.A., Abitbol, J-J, Carlson, G.D., Anderson, D.R., Taggart, K.W., Garfin, S.R.: The Effects of Depth of Screw Penetration, Screw Orientation, and Bone Density on Sacral Screw Fixation. Spine 18:1006, 1993.

138. Smith, S.A., Massie, J.B., Chesnut, R., Garfin, S.R.: Straight Leg Raising: Anatomical Effects on the Spinal Nerve Root Without and With Fusion. Spine 18:992, 1993.

139. Klapow, J.C., Slater, M.A., Patterson, T.L., Doctor, J.N., Atkinson, J.H., and Garfin, S.R.: An Empirical Evaluation of Multidimensional Clinical Outcome in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients. Pain 55:107-118, 1993.

140. Weickgenant, A.L., Slater, M.A., Patterson, T.L., Atkinson, J.H., Grant, I., and Garfin, S.R.: Coping Activities in Chronic Low Back Pain: Relationship with Depression. Pain 53(1):95-103, 1993.

141. Triggs, K.J., Ballock, R.T., Byrne, T., and Garfin, S.R.: Length Dependence of a Halo Orthosis on Cervical Immobilization. J. Spinal Disorders 6(1):34-37, 1993.

142. Albert, T.J., Balderston, R.A., Heller, J.G., Herkowitz, H.N., Tomany, K., An, H.S., Simeone, F.A., Garfin, S.R.: Upper Lumbar Disc Herniations. J. Spinal Disorders, 6(4):351-359, 1993.

143. Bauer, David J., Garfin, S.R.: Complications of Surgery for Lumbar Stenosis. Seminars in Spine Surgery, 5:123-127, 1993.

144. Garfin, S.R., Cohen, M.S.: Scapulothoracic Pain. JAMA, 270(15):1867, 1993.

145. Brown, R., Pedowitz R., Rydevik B., Woo, S., Hargens, A., Massie, J., Kwan, M., Garfin, S.R.: Effects of acute graded strain on efferent conduction properties in the rabbit tibial nerve. Clin Orthop 296:288-294, 1993.

146. Heller, J.G., Schimandle, J.H., Garfin, S.R.: The Operative Reduction of Spondylolisthesis: Indications, Results, Complications. Seminars in Spine Surgery 6(1):22-33, 1994.

147. Edwards, C.C., Garfin, S.R., Melkerson, M.N., Mishra, N.K., Winter, R.B., Yuan, H.A.: Symposium: lumbar spine fixation -- the pedicle screw controversy. Contemporary Ortho 29(6):439-454, 1994.

148. Garfin, S.R.: Point of View. Editorial. Spine, 19(11):1280, 1994.

149. Bacon, N.M.K., Bacon, S.F., Atkinson, J.H., Slater, M.A., Patterson, T.L., Grant, I., Garfin, S.R.: Somatization Symptoms in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 56:118-127, 1994.

150. Garfin, S.R., Vaccaro, A.R., Scuderi, G.J.: Spine: Commentary. Current Opinion in Orthopedics, 5(II):1-2, 1994.

151. Ring, D., Vaccaro, A.R., Scuderi, G., Pathria, M.N., Garfin, S.R.: Acute Calcific Retropharyngeal Tendinitis. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 76-A(11):1636-1642, November 1994.

152. Abitbol, J.J., Lincoln, T.L., Lind B.I., Amiel, D., Akeson, W.H., Garfin, S.R.: Preventing Postlaminectomy Adhesion. Spine 19(16):1809-1814,1994.

153. Vaccaro, A.R., Ring, D., Scuderi, G., Garfin, S.R.: Vertebral Artery Location in Relation to the Vertebral Body As Determined by Two-Dimensional Computed Tomography Evaluation. Spine 19(23):2637-2641, 1994.

154. Lind, B.I., Rydevik, B.L., Garfin, S.R.: Cauda Equina Compression and Spinal Stenosis: Pathophysiological Aspects. Seminars in Spine Surgery, 6(2):78-83, 1994.

155. Vaccaro, A.R., Chesnut, R.M., Scuderi G., Healy, J.F., Massie, J.B., Garfin, S.R.: Metallic Spinal Artifacts in Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Spine 19(11):1237-1242, 1994.

156. Yu, C.S., Garfin, S.R.: Recognizing and managing lumbar spondylolisthesis. The Journal of Musculoskeletal Medicine 11(11):55-64, November 1994.

157. Garfin, S.R.: Spinal Fusion - The Use of Bone Screws in the Vertebral Pedicles. Editorial. Spine 19(20S):2254S-2255S, October 1994.

158. Garfin, S.R.: Spinal Fusion - The Use of Bone Screws in The Vertebral Pedicles. Summation. Spine 19(20S):2300S-2305S, October 1994.

159. Yuan, H.A., Garfin, S.R., Dickman, C.A., Mardjetko, S.M.: A Historical Cohort Study of Pedicle Screw Fixation in Thoracic, Lumbar, and Sacral Spinal Fusions. Spine 19(20S):2279S-2296S, 1994.

160. Edwards, C.C., Garfin, S.R., Melkerson, M.N., Mishra, Winter, R.B., Yuan, H.A.: Symposium: Lumbar Spine Fixation - The Pedicle Screw Controversy. Contemporary Ortho 29(6):439-454, 1994.

161. Garfin, S.R., Ahlgren, B.D.: Current management of cervical spine instability. Current Opinion in Rheumatology 7(2):114-119,1995.

162. Botte, M.J., Byrne, T.P., Abrams, R.A., Garfin, S.R.: The halo skeletal fixator pin site selection and Techniques of application. OnLine 2(2):14-22, 1994/95.

163. Blair, J., Garfin, S.R.: Complications of cervical laminectomy in degenerative disorders of the Cervical spine. Seminars in Spine Surgery 7(1):52-56, 1995.

164. Grimes, P.F., Vaccaro, A.R., Garfin, S.R.: Treatment complications of thoracolumbar spine Trauma. Seminars in Spine Surgery 7(2):141-151, 1995.

165. Garfin, S.R., Rydevik, B., Lind, B, Massie, J: Spinal nerve root compression. Spine 20(16):1810- 1821, 1995.

166. Vaccaro, A.R., Rizzolo, S.J., Balderston, R.A., Allardyce, T.J., Garfin,S.R., Dolinskas, C., An, H.S.: Placement of pedicle screws in the thoracic spine. Part ii: An anatomical and radiographic Assessment. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 77A(8):1200-1209,1995

167. Vaccaro, A.R., Garfin, S.R.: Pedicle-screw fixation in the lumbar spine. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 3(5):263-274,1995.

168. Klapow, J.C., Slater, M.A., Patterson, T.L., Atkinson, J.H., Weickgenant, A.L., Grant, I., Garfin, S.R.: Psychosocial factors discriminate multidimensional groups of chronic low back pain patients. Pain 62(3):349-355, 1995.

169. Garfin, S.R.: A 50-year-old woman with disabling spinal stenosis. JAMA 274(24):1949-1954, 1995.

170. Vaccaro, A.R., Garfin, S.R.: Internal Fixation (Pedicle Screw Fixation) for Fusions of the Lumbar Spine. Spine 20(24S)157S-165S, 1995.

171. Garfin, S.R., Spratt, K.F., Andersson, G.B.J., Boden, S.D., Fraser, R.D., Goel, V.K., Hanley, E.N., Katz, J.N., Pope, M.H., Sonntag, V.K., Sumner, D.R., Zdeblick, T.A.: Use of internal fixation Instrumentation introduction - 1995 focus issue meeting on fusion. Spine 20(24S)154S-156S, 1995.

172. Zdeblick, T.A., Hanley,E.N., Sonntag, V.K., Andersson, G.B., Boden, S.D., Fraser, R.D., Garfin, S.R., Goel, V.K., Katz, J.N., Pope, M.H., Spratt, K.F., Sumner, D.R.: Indications for lumbar spinal fusion Introduction - 1995 focus issue meeting on fusion. Spine 20(24S)124S-125S, 1995.

173. Boden, S.D., Sumner, D.R., Andersson, G.B., Fraser, R.D., Garfin, S.R., Goel, V.K., Hanley, E.N., Katz, J.N., Pope, M.H., Sonntag, V.K., Spratt, K.F., Zdeblick, T.A.: Biologic issues in lumbar spinal Fusion introduction - 1995 focus issue meeting on fusion. Spine 20 (24S)100S-101S, 1995.

174. Pope, M.H., Goel, V.K., Sumner, D.R., Andersson, G.B., Boden, S.D., Fraser, R.D., Garfin, S.R., Hanley, E.N., Katz, J.N., Sonntag, V.K., Spratt, K.F., Zdeblick, T.A.: Biomechanics introduction - 1995 focus issue meeting on fusion. Spine 20(24S)84S, 1995.

175. Katz, J.N., Spratt, K.F., Andersson, G.B., Boden, S.D., Fraser, R.D., Garfin, S.R., Goel, V.K., Hanley, E.N., Pope, M.H., Sonntag, V.K., Sumner, D.R., Zdeblick, T.A.: Epidemiology introduction - 1995 Focus issue meeting on fusion. Spine 20(24S)76S-77S, 1995.

176. Boden, S.D., Andersson, G.B., Fraser, R.D., Garfin, S.R., Goel, V.K., Hanley, E.N., Katz, J.N., Pope, M.H., Sonntag, V.K., Spratt, K.F., Sumner, D.R., Zdeblick, T.A.: Selection of the optimal Procedure to achieve lumbar spinal fusion introduction - 1995 focus issue meeting on fusion. Spine 20(24S)166S, 1995.

177. Garfin, S.R.: Surgical indications for spinal instrumentation in degenerative diseases. Western J Med 163(6):571, 1995.

178. Hurley, M.E., Vaccaro, A.R., Scuderi, G.J., Garfin, S.R.: External fixation in patients with Panvertebral osteomyelitis and paraplegia. Paraplegia 34:113-115,1996

179. Botte, M.J., Byrne, T.P, Abrams, R.A., Garfin, S.R.: Halo Skeletal Fixation: Techniques of Application and prevention of complications. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 4(1)44-53, 1996

180. Krueger, M.A., Green, D.A., Hoyt, D., Garfin, S.R.: Overlooked spine injuries associated with Lumbar transverse process fractures. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 327:191-195, 1996.

181. Ahlgren, B.D., Garfin, S.R.: Cervical radiculopathy. The Orthopedic Clinics of North America 27(2)253-263, 1996.

182. Klein, J.D., Hey, L.A., Yu, C.S., Klein, B.B., Coufal, F.J., Young, E.P., Marshall, L.F., Garfin, S.R.: Perioperative nutrition and postoperative complications in patients undergoing spinal surgery. Spine 21(22)2676-2682, 1996

183. Klein, J.D., Garfin, S.R.: Nutritional status in the patient with spinal infection. Orthopaedic Clinics of North America 27(1): 33-36, 1996

184. Lang, E.W., Beutler, A.S., Chesnut, R.M., Patel, P.M., Kennelly, N.A., Kalkman, C.J., Drummond, J.C., Garfin, S.R.: Myogenic motor-evoked potential monitoring using partial neuromuscular Blockade in surgery of the spine. Spine 21(14):1676-1686, 1996.

185. Garfin, S.R., Yuan, H.A.: Food and drug administration regulation of spinal implant fixation Devices. CORR 335:32-38, 1997

186. Blair, B., Garfin, S.R.: Microlumbar diskectomy using loupes and headlights. Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics 7(1):9-18, 1997.

187. Garfin, S.R., Ibrahim, Z.G.: Cervical spine immobilization using the halo vest. Current Opinion in Orthopedics 8(2):21-27, 1997.

188. Ring, D., Vaccaro, A.R., Scuderi, G., Klein, G., Green, D., Garfin, S.R.: An association between the Flat back and postpolio syndromes: A report of three cases. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 78(3):324-326, 1997.

189. Vaccaro, A.R., Ring, D., Scuderi, G., Cohen, D.S., Garfin, S.R.: Predictors of outcome in patients with chronic back pain and low grade spondylolisthesis. Spine 22(17):2030-2035, 1997.

190. Vaccaro, A.R., Garfin, S.R.: Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis, a prospective study comparing decompression with decompression and intertransverse process arthrodesis: a critical analysis. Spine 22(4):368-369, 1997.

191. Jacobson, J.A., Starok M., Pathria, M.N., Garfin, S.R.: Pseudarthrosis: US evaluation after posterolateral spinal fusion. Radiology 204:853-858, 1997.

192. Amundson, G.M., Garfin, S.R.: Posterior Spinal Instrumentation for Thoracolumbar Tumor and Trauma Reconstruction. Seminars in Spine Surgery 9(3):260-277, 1997.

193. Atkinson, J.H., Slater, M.A., Williams, R.A., Zisook, S., Patterson, T.L., Grant, I., Wahlgren, D.R., Abramson, I., Garfin, S.R.: A placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial of nortriptyline for chronic low back pain. Pain 8:1-10,1998.

194. Garfin, S.R., Degenerative conditions of the spine: Current diagnostic procedures and treatment modalities. Acta orthopaedica, Suppl 281:38-46, 1998.

195. Vaccaro, A.R., Flatyn, S.P., Scuderi, G.J., Eismont, F.J., McGuire, R.A., Singh, D., Garfin, S.R.: Early failure of long segment anterior cervical plate fixation. Journal of Spinal Disorders 11(5):410-415, 1998

196. McCullen, G., Vaccaro, A.R., Garfin, S.R.: Thoracic and lumbar trauma: Rationale for selecting the appropriate fusion technique. Orthopedic Clinics of North America 29(4):813-828, 1999

197. Garfin, S.R., Editorial - Spine Focus - Cervical Spine. Spine 23(24):2661-2662.

198. Garfin, S.R., Herkowitz, H.N., Mirkovic, S.: Spinal Stenosis, Instruction Course Lecture, AAOS, The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 81-A(4):572-586, April 1999.

199. Garfin, S.R., Evaluation of the low back pain patient - An algorithm approach. "BackTalk", The Scoliosis Association, Inc., 22(3):1,3, Septemer-October 1999.

200. Garfin, S.R., North American Spine Society Presidential Speech, 1998. Spine 24(20):2120-2126, October 15, 1999.

201. Vaccaro, A.R., Lehman, A.P., Ahlgren, B.D., Garfin, S.R.: Anterior C1-C2 Screw Fixation and Bony Fusion Through an Anterior Retropharyngeal Approach. Orthopaedics 22(12):1165-1173, 1999.

202. Isomi, T., Panjabi, M.M., Wang, J.L., Vaccaro, A.R., Garfin, S.R., Patel, T.: Stabilizing Potential of Anterior Cervical Plates in Multilevel Corpectomies. Spine 1;24(21):2219-23, 1999.

203. Atkinson, J.H., Slater, M.A., Wahlgren, D.R., Williams, D.R., Williams, R.A., Zisook S., Pruitt, S.D., Epping, J.E., Patterson, T.L., Grant, I., Abramson, I., Garfin, S.R.: Effects of Noradrenergic and Serotonergic Antidepressants on Chronic Low Back Pain Intensity. Pain 83(2):137-45, 1999.

204. Garfin, S.R., Andersson, G., Gronblad, M., Rydevic, B.: The Bone and Joint Decade, 2000-2010, for Prevention and Treatment of Musculoskeletal Disorders. Spine 1;24(11):1055-7, 1999.

205. Dounchis, J.S., Pedowitz, R.A., Garfin, S.R.: Symptomatic Pseudarthrosis of the Acromion: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature. J. Orthop Trauma 13(1):63-66, 1999.

206. Mc Cullen, G.M., Garfin, S.R.: Spine Update: Cervical Spine Fixation Using Screws and Screw Plate Constructs. Spine 25 (5): 643-652, 2000.

207. Grimes, P.F., Massie, J.B., Garfin, S.R.: Anatomic and Biomechanical Analysis of the Lower Lumbar Foraminal Ligaments. Spine 25 (16): 2009-2014, 2000.

208. Garfin, S.R.: Editorial on Residencies and Fellowships. Spine 25 (20):2700-2702, 2000.

209. Wong, W., Reiley, M.A., Garfin, S.R.: Vertebroplasty/Kyphoplasty. Journal of Women's Imaging 2 (3): 117-124, 2000.

210. Kauffman, C.P., Williams, S.K., Stimson, E.O., Garfin, S.R.: Spinal Granulomatous Infection. Seminars in Spine Surgery 12(4): 192-202, 2000.

211. Gerling, M.C., Davis, D.P., Hamilton, R.S., Morris, G.F., Vilke, G.M., Garfin, S.R., Hayden, S.R.: Effects of Cervical Spine Immobiliazation Technique and Laryngoscope Blade Selecetion on an Unstable, Cervical Spine in a Cadaver Model of Intubation. Annuls of Emergency Medicine 36 (4): 351-353, 2000.

212. Vaccaro, A.R., Nachwalter, R.S., Klein, G.R., Sewards, J.M., Albert, T.J., T, Garfin, S.R.: The Significance of Thoracolumbar Spinal Canal Size in Spinal Cord Injury Patients. Spine 26(4): 371-376, 2001.

213. Fardon, D., Milette, P., Faciszewski, T., Garfin, S., Haldeman, S., Kahanovitz, N., Sonntag, V.: Nomenclature and Classification of Lumbar Disc Pathology. Spine 26(5), E93-E113, 2001.

214. Garfin, S.R., Yuan, H.A., Reiley, M.A.: Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty for the Treatment of Painful Osteoporotic Compression Fractures. Spine 26(14):1511-1515, 2001.

215. Choll, C.W., Abrams, R., Lee, G., Hoyt, D, Garfin, S.R.: Use of Vascularized Fibular Grafts as a Salvage Procedure for Previously Failed Spinal Arthrodesis. Spine 26(19): 2171-2175, 2001.

216. Benz, R.J., Garfin, S.R.: Current Techniques of Decompression of the Lumbar Spine. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 384: 75-81, 2001.

217. Benz, R., Ibrahim, Z., Afshar, P., Garfin, S.R.: Predicting Complications in Elderly Patients Undergoing Lumbar Decompression. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 384:116-121, 2001.

218. Gerling, M.C., Davis, D.P., Hamilton, R., Morris, G.,F., Vilke, G.M., Garfin. S.R., Hayden, S.R.: Effect of Surgical Cricothyrotomy on the Unstable Cerivical Spine in a Cadaver Model of Intubation. Journal of Emergency Medicine Vol. 20, No. 1: 1-5, 2001.

219. Vives, M.J., Garfin, S.R.: Managing Osteoporotic Compression Fractures of the Thoracolumbar Spine. Women's Health, Orthopaedic Edition 5 (1): 11-17, 2002.

220. Garfin, S.R., Fardon, D.F.: Emerging technologies in spine surgery. The Spine Journal 2(1):1-4, 2002.

221. Garfin, S.R., Reilley, M.A.: Minimally invasive treatment of osteoporotic vertebral body compression fractures. The Spine Journal 2(1):76-80, 2002.

222. Garfin, J.M., Garfin, S.R.: Low Back Pain: A Quick Guide to Exercise as Acute Therapy. Consultations in Primary Care. Consultants 42(3):348j-361, 2002.

223. Theodorou, D.J., Theodorou, S.J., Duncan, T.D., Garfin, S.R., Wong, W.H.: Percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty for the correction of spinal deformity in painful vertebral body compression fractures. Journal of Clinical Imaging 26:1-5. 2002.

224. Bono, C., Garfin, S.: Multi-Level Thoracic and Lumbar Kyphoplasty for Rapidly Progressing Spinal Osteoporosis in a Patient with Kyphoscoliosis. Advances in Osteoporotic Fracture Management 1:3, 2002.

225. Linovitz, R.J., Pathria, M., Bernhardt, M., Green, D., Law, M., McGuire, R.A., Montesano, P., Rechtine, G., Salib, R., Ryaby, J., Faden, J.S., Ponder, R., Muenz, L., Magee, F., Garfin, S.: Combined Magenetic Fields Accelerate and Increase Spine Fusion: A Double-Blind Randomized Placebo Controlled Study. Spine 27(13):1383-9; discussion 1389 July 2002.

226. Bono, C.M., Kauffman, C.P., Garfin, S.R.: Kyphoplasty. Seminars in Spine Surgery 14 (4): 320-333, 2002.

227. Vaccarro, A., Singh, K., Haid, R., Kitchel, S., Wuisman, P., Taylor, W., Branch, C., Garfin, S.: The use of bioabsorbable implants in the spine. The Spine Journal 3(3);227-237, May 2003.

228. Cammisa Jr, F., Lowery, G., Garfin, S., Geisler, F., Klara, P., McGuire, R., Sassard, W., Stubbs, H., Block, J.: Two-Year Fusion Rate Equivalency Between Grafton® DBM Gel and Autograft in Posterolateral Spine Fusion. Spine 29(6):660-6, Mar 15, 2004.

229. Bono, C.M., Iki, K., Jalota, A., Dawson, K., Garfin, S.R. Temperatures within the lumbar disc and endplates during intradiscal electrothermal therapy: formulation of a predictive temperature map in relation to distance from the catheter. Spine May 15, 2004;29(10):1124-1129.

230. Kaw, Jr., Leoncio, Coimbra, R., Potenza, B., Garfin, S., Hoyt, D., The Use of Recombinat Factor VIIa for Severe Intractable Bleeding During Spine Surgery. Spine 2004 June 15;29(12):1384-1388.

231. Kim, C.W., Garfin, S.R. The Management of Cervical and Thoracic Epidural Abscess in the Neurologically Asymptomatic Patient. Seminars in Spine Surgery 2004; 16(2):188-194.

232. Kim CW, Garfin, SR. Minimally Invasive Treatments for Spinal Metastases: Vertebroplasty, Kyphoplasty, and Radiofrequency Ablation. Peer Viewpoint. J Support Oncology 2(4);352-355 July-Aug 2004.

233. Bono, C, Khanda, A, Vadapalli, S, Holekamp, S., Goel, J.J., Garfin, S.R. Residual angualr motion after simulated solid lumbar fusion - a finine element analysis wih implications on interpreting fexion-esxtension radiographs. Spine J 5(4S):23S July/Aug 2004.

234. Massie, J.B., Huang, B., Malkmus S, Yahsh T.L., Kim, C.W., Garfin, S.R., Akeson W.H. A Preclinical Post Laminectomy Rat Model Mimics the Human Post Laminectomy Syndrome. J Neuroscience Methods Aug 2004; 137(2):283-289.

235. Bono, C., Garfin, S. History and Evolution of Disc Replacement. The Spine Journal 4, #6S, 145S - 150S. Nov/Dec, 2004.

236. Kim, C.W., Minocha, J., Wahl, C.E., Garfin, S.R. Response of Fractured Osteoporotic Bone to Polymethylmethacrylate After Vertebroplasty. Spine J Nov-Dec 2004; 4(6):709-712.

237. Bono, C.M., Garfin, S.R. History and evolution of disc replacement. Spine J 2004 Nov-Dec;4(6 Suppl):145S-150S.

238. Kimura, S., Hesselink, JR., Garfin, SR., Kawaji, Y., Hasegawa, K., Hargens, AR. Axial load-dependent cervical spinal alterations during simulated upright posture: a comparison of healthy controls and patients with cervical degenerative disease. J Neurosurg Spine. 2005 Feb; 2 (2): 137 - 144.

239. Kim, C., Perry, A., Garfin, S. Spinal Instability: The Orthopaedic Approach. Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology. March 2005; 9(1):77-87.

240. Akeson WH, Massie, JB, Huang, B, Giurea A, Sah, R, Garfin, SR, Kim CW. Topical high-molecular-weight hyaluronan and a roofing barrier sheet equally inhibit postlaminectory fibrosis. Spine J 2005 Mar/Apr;5(2):180-90.

241. White, K.K., Bawa, M., Ahn, J.S., Farnsworth, C.L., Faro, F.D., Mahar, A.T., Wedemeyer, M., Garfin, S.R., Newton, P.O. Strut Allograft Union and Remodeling Using rhBMP-2 in a Spinal Corpectomy Model. Spine 2005 June 15;30(12): 1386-1395.

242. Garfin, S.R., Mahar, A.S. Point of View. Spine Journal. 2005 Jun; 30(11): 1273 - 1274.

243. Kim, C., Pery, A., Mahar, A., Lu, L., Yaszemski, M., Massie, J., Garfin, S.R. Biomechanical evaluation of an injectable radiopague polypropylene fumarate bone cement for kyphoplasty. Spine J 5(4S):113S July/Aug 2005.

244. Phillips, FM, Garfin, SR. Cervical disc replacement. Review. Spine 2005 Sept 1;30(17 Suppl):S27-33.

245. Perry, A., Mahar, A., Massie J., Arrieta, N., Garfin, S., Kim, C. Biomechanical evaluation of kyphoplasty with calcium sulfate cement in a cadaveric osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture model. Spine J 2005 Sept/Oct; 5(5):489-493.

246. Massie JB, Schimizzi, AL, Huang, B, Kim, CW, Garfin SR, Akeson WH. Topical high molecular weight hyaluronan reduces radicular pain post laminectomy in a rat model. Spine J 2005 Sept/Oct; 5(5):494-502.

247. Kim, CW, Perry, A, Currier, B, Yaszemski, M, Garfin, SR Fungal Infections of the Spine. Clinical Orthop Rel Res 2006 Mar; 444:92-99.

248. Bawa, M., Schimizzi, A.L., Leek, B., Bono, C.M., Massie, J.B., Macias, B., Chung, C.B., Hargens, A.R., Garfin, S.R., Kim, C.W. Paraspinal Muscle Vasculature Contributes to Posterolateral Spinal Fusion. Spine. 2006 April;31(8):891-896.

249. White, K.K., Oka R., Mahar, A.T., Lowry, A., Garfin, S.R. Pullout Strength of Thoracic Pedicle Screw Instrumentaiton: Comparison of the Transpedicular and Extrapedicular Techniques. Spine. 2006 May 20;31(12):e355-358.

250. Kim, C.W., Perry, A., Batres, Y., Massie, J., Lu, L., Yaszemski, M.J., Currier, B., Mahar, A., Garfin, S.R. Biomedical Evaluation of an injectiable radiopaque polypropylene cement for Kyphoplasty in a Cadaveric Osteoporotic Vertegral Compression Fracture Model. Spine, Submitted for Publication 2005.

251. Perry, A., Mahar, A, Massie, J, Oka R, Lu, L., Yaszemski, J.J., Garfin, S.R., Kim, C.W. The effect of Barium Sulfate on the Biomechanical Properties of an Injectable Polypropylene Fumarate Cement for use in Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. Biomaterials, Submitted for Publication 2005.

252. Kim, C.W., Perry A., Shahbaz, R., Herndier, B., Garfin, S.R. Cement Fragmentation after Vertebral Augmentation using Calcium Phosphate Cement. J Spinal Disorcers and Techniques. Submitted for Publication 2005.

253. Bono, C.M., Bawa, M., White, K., Mahar, A., Vives, M., Kauffman, C., Garfin, S.R. Quantifying motion of flexion-extension radiographs after simulated lumbar arthrodesis in human cadavers. J Spinal Disord Tech. Submitted for publication 2005.

254. Bono, C.M., Khanda, A., Vadapalli, S., Holekamp, S., Goel, J.J., Garfin, S.R. Residual sagittal motion after lumbar fusion: a finite element analysis with iimplications on radiographic flexion-extension criteria. Spine Journal. IN PRESS

255. Garfin, S.R., Buckley, R. A., Ledlie, J. Balloon Kyphoplasty for Symptomatic Vertebral Body Compression Fractures Results in Rapid, Significant, and sustained Improvements in Back Pain, Function, and Quality of Life for Elderly Patients. Spine, 2006 Sept 1; 31(19):2213-2220.

Abstracts:

1. Garfin, S.R., Mubarak, S.J., and Owen, C.A.: Exertional Anterolateral Compartment Syndrome, Fascial Defect and Superficial Peroneal Nerve Entrapment Syndrome -- A Surgical Approach. Ortho. Trans., 2:25, 1978.

2. Garfin, S.R., Tipton, C.M., Mubarak, S.J., Woo, S. L-Y., and Hargens, A.R.: Effect of Fascia on Muscle Tension and Pressure. Trans. Ortho. Res. Soc. 4:13, 1979.

3. Garfin, S.R., Tipton, C.M., Mubarak, S.J., Woo, S. L-Y., and Hargens, A.R.: Effect of Fascia on Muscle Tension and Pressure. Ortho. Trans. 3:134, 1979.

4. Woo, S. L-Y., Ritter, M.A., Sanders, T.M., Gomez, M.A., Garfin, S.R., and Akeson, W.H.: Long-term Exercise Effects on the Biomechanical and Structural Properties of Swine Tendon. Trans. Ortho. Res. Soc. 4:23, 1979.

5. Woo. S. L-Y., Ritter, M.A., Sanders, T.M., Gomez, M.A., Garfin, S.R., and Akeson, W.H.: Long-term Exercise Effects on the Biomechanical and Structural Properties of Swine Tendons. Ortho. Trans. 3:141, 1979.

6. Amiel, D., Akeson, W.H., Mechanic, G.L., Harwood, F.L., and Garfin, S.R.: Stable Reducible Cross-link Formation in Periarticular Connective Tissue of the Rabbit Knee after Nine Weeks of Immobilization. Trans. Ortho. Res. Soc. 4:179, 1979.

7. Amiel, D., Akeson, W.H., Mechanic, G.L., Harwood, F.L., and Garfin, S.R.: Stable Reducible Cross-link Formation in Periarticular Connective Tissue of the Rabbit Knee after Nine Weeks of Immobilization. Ortho. Trans. 3:240, 1979.

8. Amiel, D., Woo, S. L-Y., Akeson, W.H., Mechanic, G.L., Harwood, F.L., and Garfin, S.R.: Joint Contractures: Biomechanical- chemical Correlates. Trans. Ortho. Res. Soc. 4:246, 1979.

9. Mubarak, S.J., Hargens, A.R., Garfin, S.R., Akeson, W.H., and Evans, K.L.: Loss of Nerve Function in Compartment Syndromes: Pressure Versus Ischemia? Trans. Ortho. Res. Soc. 4:275, 1979.

10. Woo, S. L-Y., Kuei, S. C., Gomez, M.A., Amiel, D., Pardee, P.J., Akeson, W.H., and Garfin, S.R.: The Study of Strength Characteristics of Bone-Ligament-Bone Complex and Isolated Ligaments -- A New Methodology. Trans. Ortho. Res. Soc. 4:279, 1979.

11. Garfin, S.R., Mubarak, S.J., Evans, K.L., Hargens, A.R., and Akeson, W.H.: Quantification of Intracompartment Pressure and Volume Under Plaster Casts. Ortho. Trans. 3:17, 1979.

12. Garfin, S.R., Castilonia, R.R., Mubarak, S.J., Hargens, A.R., Russell, F.E., and Akeson, W.H.: Rattlesnake Bites--The Efficacy of Fasciotomy. Orthop. Trans. 4:103, 1980. Ortho. Trans. 4:103, 1980.

13. Banta, J.V., and Garfin, S.R.: Extreme Varus Osteotomy for the Dysplastic Hip in Myelomeningocele. Orthop. Trans. 4:107, l980.

14. Smith, R.K., Tipton, C.M., Hargens, A.R., Evans, K.L., Zweifach, S.S., Gomez, M.A., Garfin, S.R., Mubarak, S.J., and Akeson, W.H.: Evaluation of Long Term Function in Skeletal Muscle. Orthop. Trans. 4:189, 1980.

15. Hergenroeder, P., Gelberman, R.H., Garfin, S.R., and Mubarak, S.J.: Wick Pressure Measurements in Forearm Compartment Syndromes. Orthop. Trans. 4:369, l980.

16. Mubarak, S.J., Garfin, S.R., Vance, R., McKinnon, B., and Sutherland, D.H.: Pitfalls in the Use of the Pavlik Harness for Congenital Dislocation of the Hip. Orthop. Trans. 5:77, l98l.

17. Gelberman, R.H., Garfin, S.R., Hergenroeder, P.T., Mubarak, S.J., and Vandell, R.F.: Compartment Syndromes of the Forearm. Orthop. Trans. 5:85, 198l.

18. Hergenroeder, P.T., Gelberman, R.H., Garfin, S.R., Mubarak, S.J.: Compartment Syndromes of the Forearm. Orthop. Trans. 5:432, 1981.

19. Garfin, S.R.: Thoraco-lumbar Fractures. Trauma Update, Dec., 1981.

20. Garfin, S.R., Tipton, C.M., Mubarak, S.J., Woo. S. L-Y., Hargens, and Akeson, W.H.: Role of Fascia in Maintenance of Muscle Tension and Pressure. Orthop. Trans. 1981.

21. Moitoza, J., Mubarak, S.J., Garfin, S.R., Alazraki, N., and Taylor, A.: Effects of Diagnostic Aspiration on Bone Scintigraphy. Orthop. Trans. 7: 437, l983.

22. Garfin, S.R., Botte, M.J., Nickel, V.L., and Waters, R.L.: Complications following the Application of Halo Skeletal Fixation Devices. Orthop. Trans. l:8, l984.

23. Garfin, S.R., Botte, M.J., Centeno, R., and Nickel, V.L.: Osteology of the Skull as it Affects Halo Pin Placement. Orthop. Trans. 8:8, l984.

24. Garfin, S.R., Mowery, C.A., Guerra, J., and Marshall, L.F.: Confirmation of the posterolateral technique to decompress and fuse thoracolumbar spine burst fractures. Orthop. Trans. 8:l58, l984.

25. Hargens, A.R., Gershuni, D.H., Mubarak, S.J., Garfin, S.R., Lian, G., Fronek, J., Yaru, N.C., and Akeson, W.H.: Differential Diagnosis of chronic exertional leg pain. Ortho. Res. Soc. Trans. 9: 33l, l984.

26. Garfin, S.R., Gelberman, R. H., Weise, M., Valencia, F. G., Katz, M. M. and Amiel, D.: Lower Extremity Sensibility in Patients with Herniated Discs. The International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine. Annual Meeting, Sydney, Australia, April, 1985.

27. Botte, M.J., Garfin, S.R., Nickel, V.L., and Waters, R.J.: Complications Following the Application of Halo Skeletal Fixation Devices. Orthop. Trans. 9:34, 1985.

28. Garfin, S.R., Gelberman, R.H., Weise, M., Valencia, F.G., Katz, M.M., Amiel, D.: Lower Extremity Sensibility in Normal Subjects and Patients with Herniated Lumbar Discs. Orthop. Trans. 9 (2):289, 1985.

29. Botte, M.J., Garfin, S.R., Waters, R.J.: Complications Following the Application of Halo Skeletal Fixation Devices. Orthop. Trans. 9(3):480, l985.

30. Garfin, S.R., Lee, T.Q., Roux, R.D., Botte, M.J., Katz, M.M. and Woo, S. L-Y.: Biomechanical Characterization of the Pin-Bone Interface for Halo Cervical Spine Fixation. Orthop. Trans. l0(l):7l, Spring l986.

31. Kurz, L.T., Garfin, S.R., Bjorkengren, A.G., Resnick, D.: Intraspinal Synovial Cysts: Radiologic Documentation of Their Facet Communication. The International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine, Dallas, May 29-30, 1986.

32. Lee, T.Q., Garfin, S.R., Roux, R.D., Silva, F.W., Botte, M.J. and Woo, S.L-Y.: Cervical Spine Immobilization: Biomechanical Characterization of "Halo Fixation Pin-Bone" Interface. Orthop. Trans. 10(2):412-13, Summer 1986.

33. Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., Boumphrey, F., and Rothman, R.H.: The Value of CT Scanning Below A Complete Lumbar Myelographic Block: A Review of 32 Cases. Orthop. Trans. 10(3)621, Fall 1986.

34. Kurz, L.T., Garfin, S.R., Bjorkengren, A.G., Resnick, D. Intraspinal Synovial Cysts: Radiologic Documentation of Their Facet Communication. Orthop. Trans. 10(3)510, Fall 1986.

35. Ballock, R.T., Lee, T.Q., Silva, F.W., Garfin, S.R., and Woo, S.L-Y.: The Effect of Pin Location on the Stiffness of the Halo Pin-Bone Interface. Orthop Trans. 10(3)602-3, Fall 1986.

36. Glover, M.G., Hargens, A.R., Garfin, S.R., Brown, M.D., Akeson, W.H.: New Osmometer for Rapid, Equilibrium Measurement of Swelling Pressure of Nucleus Pulposus. Transactions of the Orthopaedic Society 12:369, 1987.

37. Olmarker, K., Rydevik, B., Holm, S., Bagge, U., Hargens, A., Garfin, S., Glover, M., Moore, M., Swenson, M.: Graded Compression of the Porcine Cauda Equina Modifies Nerve Root Nutrition, Blood Flow and Impulse Conduction. Transactions of the Orthopaedic Research Society 12:427, 1987.

38. Garfin, S.R., Marshall, L.F., Eisenberg, H.M., Kopaniky, D., Tabaddor, K.: Spinal Cord Injury in Three Regions in the United States. Thirteenth Annual Scientific Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, March 1987.

39. Garfin, S.R.: Effectiveness of Pain Drawings in the Diagnosis of Psychological Involvement in the Presence of Low Back Pain. 8th Annual Western USA Pain Society Meeting, Palm Springs, California, April 30 - May 2, 1987.

40. Triggs, K., Ballock, R.T., Byrne, T., Georgis, T., Woo, S.L-Y., and Garfin, S.R.: Cervical Spine Immobilization in Various Length Halo Jackets. Orthopaedic Transactions, 11(1):10, Spring 1987.

41. Ballock, R.T., Hajak, R., Byrne, T.P., Lee, T.Q., Wood, S.L-Y., and Garfin, S.R.: Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Cervical Spine in Subjects Immobilized in a Halo Orthosis. Orthopaedic Transactions, 11(1):11, Spring 1987.

42. Kurz, L.T., Garfin, S.R., Bjorkengren, A.G., and Resnick, D.: Intraspinal Synovial Cysts: Radiologic Documentation of Their Facet Communication. Orthopaedic Transactions, 11(1):23, Spring 1987.

43. Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., Bell, G.R., Boumphrey, F., and Rothman, R.H.: The Use of Computerized Tomography in Evaluating Non-Visualized Vertebral Levels Distal to a Complete Lumbar Myelographic Block - A Review of Thirty Two Cases. Orthopaedic Transactions, 11(1):56, Spring 1987.

44. Atkinson, J.H., Ancoli-Israel, S., Slater, M.A., Garfin, S.R., and Gillin, J.C.: Subjective Sleep Disturbance in Chronic Back Pain. Sleep Research 16:463, 1987.

45. Slater, M.A., Atkinson, J.H., Grant, I., Ingram, R.E., and Garfin, S.R.: Pain and Impairment Beliefs in Chronic Low Back Pain: Validation of the Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale. 21st Annual AABT Convention. Boston, Massachusetts, November 12-15, 1987.

46. Gott, S.A., Hargens, A.R., Garfin, S.R., Rydevik, B.L., and Brown, M.D.: Swelling Pressure of Nucleus Pulposus From Herniated and Intact Human Intervertebral Discs. Transactions of 34th Annual Meeting, Orthopaedic Research Society. Atlanta, Georgia, February 1-4, 1988.

47. Pedowitz, R.A., Hargens, A.R., Rydevik, B.L., Gershuni, D.H., Garfin, S.R., Crenshaw, A.G., Petras, S., Akeson, W.H.: Tourniquet Design Affects Arterial Occlusion Pressure. Transactions of 34th Annual Meeting, Orthopaedic Research Society. Atlanta, Georgia, February 1-4, 1988.

48. Pedowitz, R.A., Rydevik, B.L., Hargens, A.R., Swenson, M.R., Myers, R.R., Garfin, S.R.: Motor and Sensory Nerve Root Conduction Deficit Induced By Acute Graded Compression of the Pig Cauda Equina. Transactions of 34th Annual Meeting, Orthopaedic Research Society. Atlanta, Georgia, February 1-4, 1988.

49. Lavernia, C.J., Bhasin, S., Sartoris, D., Resnick. D., Reindel, E., Hollis, J.M., Garfin, S.R., Lambiasi, R., Woo, S.L-Y., and Convery, F.R.: Assessment of Fracture Risk in Osteoporosis With Three Dimensional and Single Slice Computed Tomography - A Biomechanical Correlation. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 55th Annual Meeting. Atlanta, Georgia, February 4-9, 1988.

50. Atkinson, J.H., Slater, M.A., Grant, I., Garfin, S.R.: Chronic Back Pain and Lifetime Psychiatric Disorder: A Controlled Study. Psychosomatic Medicine 50:207-208, 1988.

51. Atkinson, J.H., Slater, M.A., Grant, I., Patterson, T.L., Garfin, S.R.: Depression and Stressful Life Events in Chronic Pain. Psychosomatic Medicine 50:206-207, 1988.

52. Lavernia, C.J., Bhasin, S., Sartoris, D., Resnick, D., Reindel, D., Hollis, J.M., Garfin, S., Lambiasi, R., Woo, S.L-Y., and Convery, F.R.: Assessment of Fracture Risk in Osteoporosis With Computed Tomography. Orthopaedic Transactions 12(1):152, Spring 1988.

53. Triggs, K.J., Ballock, R.T., Byrne, T., Georgis, T., Woo, S.L-Y., Garfin, S.: Cervical Spine Immobilization in Various Length Halo Jackets. Orthopaedic Transactions 12(1):153, Spring 1988.

54. Kwan, M., Rydevik, B., Brown, R., Triggs, K., Myers, R., Woo, S., and Garfin, S.: Selected Biomechanical Assessment of Lumbosacral Spinal Nerve Roots. Orthopaedic Transactions 12(1):611, Spring 1988.

55. Garfin, S.R., Botte, M.J., Waters, R.L. and Nickel, V.L.: Complications in the Use of the Halo Fixation Device. To appear in Current Surgery.

56. Weise, M., Garfin, S.R., Gelberman, R.H., Thorne, R. and Katz, M.: Lower Extremity Sensibility Testing in Patients with Herniated Lumbar Intervertebral Discs. To appear in Current Surgery.

57. Pedowitz, R.A., Hargens, A.R., Swenson, M.R., Myers, R.R., Garfin, S.R.: Motor and Sensory Nerve Root Conduction Deficit Induced By Acute, Graded Compression of the Pig Cauda Equina. Orthopaedic Transactions 12(2):357, Summer 1988.

58. Pedowitz, R.A., Hargens, A.R., Rydevik, B.L., Gershuni, D.H., Garfin, S.R., Crenshaw, A.G., Petras, S., Akeson, W.H.: Tourniquet Design Affects Arterial Occlusion Pressure. Orthopaedic Transactions 12(2):439, Summer 1988.

59. Gott, S.A., Hargens, A.R., Garfin, S.R., Rydevik, B.L., and Brown, M.D.: Swelling Pressure of Nucleus Pulposus From Herniated and Intact Human Intervertebral Discs. Orthopaedic Transactions 12(2):473, Summer 1988.

60. Kwan, M.K., Rydevik, B.L., Myers, R.R., Garfin, S.R., Triggs, K., and Woo, S.L-Y.: Stretch Injury of Rabbit Peripheral Nerve; A Biomechanical and Histological Study. Orthopaedic Transactions 12(2):493, Summer 1988.

61. Brown, R.A., Pedowitz, R.A., Kwan, M.K., Rydevik, B.L., Lee, S.U., Massie, J., Woo, S.L-Y., Hargens, A.R., Garfin, S.R.: The Effects of Acute Stretch Upon Conduction Properties in the Rabbit Tibial Nerve. Transactions of the Orthopaedic Research Society 14:24, 1989.

62. Pedowitz, R.A., Gershuni, D.H., Rydevik, B.L., Garfin, S.R., Schmidt, A.H., Petras, S.L., Tangen, T., Hargens, A.R.: A Ten Minute Re-Perfusion Interval May Increase Skeletal Muscle Injury During Extended Application of the Pneumatic Tourniquet. Transactions of the Orthopaedic Research Society 14:343, 1989.

63. Pedowitz, R.A., Rydevik, B.L., Hargens, A.R., Swenson, M.R., Massie, J., Lee, S., Myers, R.R., Garfin, S.R.: The Effects of Magnitude and Duration of Acute Compression Upon Impulse Conduction in the Pig Cauda Equina: Differential Recovery of Sensory and Motor Nerve Roots. Transactions of the Orthopaedic Research Society 14:428, 1989.

64. Kwan, M.K., Rydevik, B., Myers, R.R., Triggs, K., Woo, S.L-Y., and Garfin, S.R.: Biomechanical and Histological Assessment of Human Lumbosacral Spinal Nerve Roots. Transactions of the Orthopaedic Research Society 14:348, 1989.

65. Rydevik, B.L., Crenshaw, A.G., Hargens, A.R., Pedowitz, R.A., Gershuni, D.H., and Garfin, S.R.: Optimizing Tourniquet Design for Orthopedic Surgery in Bloodless Field. Acta. Orthop. Scand. 59(5):622, 1988.

66. Pedowitz, R.A., Gershuni, D.H., Rydevik B.L., Garfin, S.R., Schmidt, A.H., Ahn, D., Petras, S.L., Tangen, T., Hargens, A.R. Skeletal Muscle Injury Induced by an Extended Period of Pneumatic Tourniquet Compression: Effects of Reperfusion Intervals and Cuff Pressure. Orthop. Trans. 2:368, 1989.

67. Heller, J.G., Carlson, G.D., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.: Anatomical Comparison of the Roy-Camille and Magerl Techniques for Screw Fixation of the Lower Cervical Spine. Orthop. Trans. 14(3):695, Fall 1990.

68. Pedowitz, R.A., Rydevik, B.L., Swenson, M.R., Hargens, A.R., Massie, J., Myers, R.R., Garfin, S.R.: Graded Compression of the Pig Cauda Equina: Differential Recovery of Efferent and Afferent Spinal Nerve Root Conduction. Orthopaedic Transactions 14(1):10, Spring 1990.

69. Cohen, M.S., Wall, E.J., Brown, R.B., Rydevik, B., Garfin, S.R.: Cauda Equina Anatomy: Extrathecal Nerve Roots and Dorsal Root Ganglia. Orthopaedic Transactions 14(1):14, Spring 1990.

70. Wall, E.J., Cohen, M.S., Massie, J.M., Rydevik, B., Garfin, S.R.: Cauda Equina Anatomy: Intrathecal Nerve Root Organization. Orthopaedic Transactions 14(1):14-15, Spring 1990.

71. Pedowitz, R.A., Rydevik, B.L., Swenson, M.R., Hargens, A.R., Massie, J., Myers, R.R., Garfin, S.R.: Differential Recovery of Motor and Sensory Nerve Root Conduction Following 2 or 4 Hours of Graded Compression of the Pig Cauda Equina. Orthopaedic Transactions 14(1):45, Spring 1990.

72. Wall, E.J., Cohen, M.S., Massie, J.M., Rydevik, B., Garfin, S.R.: Cauda Equina Anatomy: Intrathecal and Extrathecal Nerve Root Organization, Part I. Orthopaedic Transactions 14(1):67, Spring 1990.

73. Cohen, M.S., Wall, E.J., Brown, R.B., Rydevik, B., Garfin, S.R.: Cauda Equina Anatomy: Intrathecal and Extrathecal Nerve Root Organization, Part II. Orthopaedic Transactions 14(1):68, Spring 1990.

74. Levine, A., McCutcheon, M., Garfin, S., Edwards, C.: Management of Burst Fractures of the Low Lumbar Spine. Orthopaedic Transactions 14(3):818, Fall 1990.

75. Heller, J.G., Alson, M.D., Schaffler, M.B., Brahme, S.K., Miller, C.W., Garfin, S.R.: Quantitative Dens Morphology. Orthopaedic Transactions 14(3):693, Fall 1990.

76. Heller, J.G., Carlson, G.D., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.: Anatomical Comparison of the Roy-Camille and Magerl Techniques for Screw Fixation of the Lower Cervical Spine. Orthopaedic Transactions 14(3):695, Fall 1990.

77. Cohen, M.S., Garfin, S.R., Hargens, A.R., Mubarak, S.J.: Acute Compartment Syndrome: Effect of Dermotomy on Fascial Decompression in the Leg. Orthopaedic Transactions 14(3):716, Fall 1990.

78. Carlson, G.D., Anderson, D.R., Abitbol, J.J., Krag, M.H., Kostuik, J.P., Garfin, S.R., Woo, SL.-Y.: The Effects of Screw Orientation, Linkage and Bone Density on Sacral Screw Fixation. Trans. Orthop. Res. Soc. 16(1):22, 1991.

79. Carlson, G.D., Massie, J.B., Abitbol, J.J., Swenson, M.R., Myers, R.R., Rydevik, B.L., Garfin, S.R.: The Effects of Hypotension of Nerve Root Recovery Following Acute Graded Compression. Trans. Orthop. Res. Soc. 16(2):685, 1991.

80. Kwan, M.K., Massie, J.B., and Garfin, S.R.: Effects of Stress on Conduction Characteristics of Peripheral Nerve. Trans. Orthop. Res. Soc. 16(1):86, 1991.

81. Abitbol, J.J., Steinmann, J., Edwards, C.C., Garfin, S.R.: Anatomic Considerations for Sacral Screw Placement. J. Bone Joint Surg. 73-B:108 (Supp II), 1991.

82. Abitbol, J.J., Mirkovic, S., Steinmann, J. , Edwards, C.C., Garfin, S.R.: Anatomic Considerations for Scral Screw Placement. Orthop. Trans. 15(1):42, Spring 1991.

83. Botte, M.J., von Schroeder, H.P., Mijyoshi-Ma, K., Garfin, S.R., and Akeson, W.H.: Sensibility of the Normal Adult Foot. Orthop. Trans. 15(1):167, Spring 1991.

84. Garfin, S.R., Cohen, M.S., Massie, J.B., Abitbol, J.J., Swenson, M.R., Myers, R.R., Rydevik, B.L.: The Effect of Hypotension and Acute Graded Compression on Cauda Equina Nerve Root Function. Orthop. Trans. 15(1):225, Spring 1991.

85. Wall, E.J., Cohen, M.S., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.: Intrathecal Nerve Root Organization at the Level of the Conus Medullaris. Orthop Trans. 15(1):233, Spring 1991.

86. Cohen, M.S., Wall, E.J., Kerber, C.W., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.: Computerized Tomographic and Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Intrathecal Cauda Equina Nerve Roots. Orthop Trans. 15(1):234, Spring 1991.

87. Mirkovic, S., Abitbol, J.J., Steinmann, J., Edwards, C.C., Garfin, S.R.: Anatomic Considerations for Sacral Screw Placement. Orthop. Trans. 15(1):235, Spring 1991.

88. Albert, T.J., Balderston, R.A., Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., An, H.S., and Simeone, F.A.: Upper Lumbar Disk Herniations. Orthop. Trans. 15(1):241, Spring 1991.

89. Cohen, M.S., Wall, E.J., Kerber, C.W., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.: Computerized Tomographic and Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Intrathecal Cauda Equina Nerve Roots. Orthop. Trans. 15(2):300-301, Summer 1991.

90. Abitbol, J.J., Mirkovic, S., Steinmann, J., Edwards, C.C., Schaffler, M., Garfin, S.R.: Anatomic Considerations for Sacral Screw Placement. Orthop Trans. 15(2):306-307, Summer 1991.

91. Garfin, S.R., Cohen, M.S., Massie, J.B., Abitbol, J.J., Swenson, M.R., Myers, R.R., Rydevik, B.L.: The Effect of Hypotension and Acute Graded Compression on Cauda Equina Nerve Root Function. Orthop. Trans. 15(2):310-311, Summer 1991.

92. Wall, E.J., Cohen, M.S., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R.: Intrathecal Nerve Root Organization at the Level of the Conus Medullaris. Orthop. Trans. 15(2):314-315, Summer 1991.

93. Carlson, G.D., Abitbol, J.J., Anderson, D.R., Krag, M.H., Kostuik, J.P., Woo, S.L-Y., Garfin, S.R.: Screw Fixation in the Human Sacrum: An In Vitro Study of the Biomechanics of Fixation. Orthop. Trans. 15(2):370, Summer 1991.

94. Carlson, G.D., Massie, J.B., Abitbol, J.J., Swenson, M.R., Myers, R.R., Rydevik, B.L., Garfin, S.R.: The Effects of Hypotension on Nerve Root Recovery Following Acute Graded Compression. Orthop. Trans. 15(2):578-579, Summer 1991.

95. Abitbol, J.J., Cornacchia, L., Heller, J., Schniderman, G., Jones, D., Garfin, S.R., Marshall, L.: Cerebrovascular Pathology Related to Blunt Head or Neck Trauma With Associated Spine Fractures. Orthop. Trans. 15(3):690, Fall 1991.

96. Carlson, G.D., Heller, J.G., Garfin, S.R., Abitbol, J.J.: Anatomical Comparison of the Roy-Camille and Mageral Techniques for Screw Fixation of the Lower Cervical Spine. Orthop. Trans. 15(3):813, Fall 1991.

97. Heller, J.G., Alson, M.D., Schaffler, M.B., Brahme, S.K., Miller, C.W., Garfin, S.R.: Quantitative Dens Morphology. Orthop. Trans. 15(3):814, Fall 1991.

98. Smith, S.A., Abitbol, J.J., Anderson, D.R., Carlson, G.D., Taggart, K.W., Garfin, S.R.: The Effects of Depth of Penetration, Screw Orientation, and Bone Density on Sacral Screw Fixation. Trans. Orthop. Res. Soc. (submitted)

99. Abitbol, J.J., Smith, S.A., Massie, J.B., Carlson, G.D., Amiel, D., Akeson, W., Garfin, S.R.: Hyaluronan in the Prevention of Postlaminectomy Peridural Adhesion Formation. Trans. Orthop. Res. Soc. (submitted)

100. Carlson, G.D., Abitbol, J.J., Anderson, D.R., Krag, M.H., Kostuik, J.P., Woo, S.L.-Y., Garfin, S.R.: Screw Fixation in the Human Sacrum: An In Vitro Study of the Biomechanics of Fixation. Orthop. Trans. 16(1):269, Spring 1992.

101. Albert, T.J., Balderston, R.A.,Heller, J.G., Herkowitz, H.N., Garfin, S.R., Tomany, K., An, H.S., Simeone, F.A.: Upper Lumbar Disc Herniations. Orthop. Trans. 17(2):274, 1993.

102. Meyers, R., Saal, J.S., Franson, R., Garfin, S.R.: Human Disc PLA2 Induces Neural Injury: A Histomorphometric Study. Orthop Trans. 17(2):291-292, 1993.

103. Smith, S.A., Abitbol, J.J., Anderson, D.R., Carlson, G.D., Taggart, K.W., Garfin, S.R.: The Effects of Depth of Penetration, Screw Orientation, and Bone Density on Sacral Screw Fixation. Orthop. Trans. 17(2):322-323, 1993.

104. Atkinson, J.H., Slater, M.A., Williams, R.A., Patterson, T.L., Grant, I., Chandler, J., Webster, J., Garfin, S.R.: Psychiatric Disorder in Acute Back Pain. Psychosomatic Medicine 56:164, 1994.

105. Williams, R.A., Doctor, J.N., Slater, M.A., Garfin, S.R., Webster, J., Chandler, J., Atkinson, J.H.: Predicting Low Back Pain from Pre-Injury Job Satisfaction. Psychosomatic Medicine 56:167, 1994.

106. Klapow, J.C., Slater, M.A., Atkinson, J.H., Garfin, S.R., Webster, J., Chandler J.: Identifying Acute Low Back Pain Patients at Risk for Chronicity. Psychosomatic Medicine

107. Garfin, S.R., Vaccaro, A.R., Scuderi, G., Chesnut R.: Metallic Spinal Artifacts in MR Imaging. Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons, 46th Annual Meeting Transactions, 61-62, 1994.

108. Zdeblick, T.A., Abitbol, J.J., Garfin, S.R., Kunz, D.N. Eng., M., McCabe, R., B.S., Cooke, M.E., M.S.: Cervical Stabiltiy Following Sequential Capsule Resection. Ortho Trans 18(2):357, 1994.

109. Jauregui, N., Lincoln, T., Mubarak, S., Garfin, S.: Surgically Related Upper Cervical Spine Canal Anatomy. Ortho Trans 18(2):365, 1994.

110. Scuderi, G.J., Vaccaro, A.J., Garfin, S.R.: The Effect Of A Postoperative Spinal Wound Infecton On Spinal Arthrodesis. Ortho Trans 18(4):1098, 1994-1995.

111. Scuderi, G.J., Vacarro, A.J., Maguire, M., Garfin, S.R.: Is Fusion Necessary In The Surgical Management Of Adult Low-Grade Spondylolisthesis? Ortho Trans 18(4):1103, 1994-1995.

112. Grimes, P.F., Massie, J.B., Garfin, S.: Anatomic and Biomechanical Study of Foraminal Ligaments. Ortho Trans 19(1):49, 1995.

113. Klein, J.D., Young, E.P., Klein, B.B., Garfin, S.R.: Perioperative Nutritional Status and Postoperative Complications in the Surgical Treatment of Vertebral Osteomyelitis. Ortho Trans 20(2):384, 1996.

114. Klein, J.D., Hey, L.A., Yu, C.S., Klein, B.B., Coufal, F.J., Young, E.P., Marshall, L.F., Garfin, S.R.: Perioperative Nutrition and Post-operative Complications in Patients Undergoing Spinal Surgery. Ortho Trans 20(4):1046, 1996-1997.

115. Klein, J.D., Hey, L.A., Yu, C.S., Klein, B.B., Coufal, F.J., Young, E.P., Marshall, L.F., Garfin, S.R.: Perioperative Nutrition and Post-operative Complications in Patients Undergoing Spinal Surgery. Ortho Trans 20(4):1046, 1996-1997.

116. Vaccaro, A.R., Abraham, D., Cotler, J., Scuderi, G., Eismont, F.J., Garfin, S.R.: Failure of Multilevel Anterior Unicortical Cervical Plate Instrumentation. Ortho Trans 21(1):267, 1997. 29.

117. Garfin, S.R. Herkowitz, H.N., Mirkovic, S.: Spinal Stenosis, Instruction Course Lecture, AAOS, The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 81-A(4):572-586, April 1999.

118. White, K.K., Bawa, M., Ahn, JS, Farnsworth, C.L., Faro, D.F, Mahar, A.T., Wedemeyer, B.S. Garfin, S.R.: Strut Allograft Union and Remodeling Using rhBMP-2 in a Spinal Corpectomy Model. Spine 20 (12):1386 2005.

119. Kimura, S., Hesselink, J.R. Garfin, S.R.: Axial Load - Dependent Cervical Spinal Alterations During Simulated Upright Posture: A Comparison of Healthy Controls and Patients With Cervical Degenerative Disease. J Neurosurg Spine 2:137-144, 2005.

120. Garfin, S.R., Yuan, H.A., Lieberman, I.: Early Outcomes in the Minimally Invasive Reduction and Fixation of Compression Fractures" North American Spine Society, New Orleans, LA, October 24-28, 2000.

121. Theodorou, D., Wong, W., Duncan, T., Garfin, S., Theodorou, S., Stoll, T.: Percutaneous Balloon Kyphoplasty: Initial Experience with the Application of a Novel Procedure for the Correction of Spinal Deformity Associated with Vertebral Compression Fractures. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, San Francisco, CA, February 28-March 4, 2001.

122. Lane, J, Girardi, F, Khan, S, Parvataneeni, H, Reiley, M, Lieberman, I, Phillips, F, Yuan, H, Garfin, S.: Preliminary Outcomes of the First 311 consecutive Kyphoplasties for the Fixation of Painful Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. American Orthopaedic Association, June 21-22, 2001.

123. Garfin, S.R., Yuan, H.A., Reiley, M.A.: Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty for the Treatment of Painful Osteoporotic Compression Fractures. AnalgesiaFile, 2001.

124. Lane, J.M., Girardi, F., Khan, S.N., Parvataneni, H., Reiley, M.A., Lieberman, I.H., Garfin, S.R., Phillips, F., Yuan, H.A.: Preliminary Outcomes of the First 311 Consecutive Kyphoplasties for the Fixation of Painful Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine 28th Annual Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland, June 19-23, 2001.

125. Kim, C., Abrams, R., Lee, G., Hoyt, D., Garfin, S.: Use of Vascularized Fibular Grafts as a Salvage.

126. Procedure for Previously Failed Spinal Arthordesis. International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine 28th Annual Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland, June 19-23, 2001.

127. Kimura, S., Garfin, S., Steinbach, G., Hesselink, J., Hargens, A.: Axial harness loads of the cervical spine in supine posture simulates the upright loads. North American Spine Society, 17th Annual Meeting, Toronto, Canda, October 29-November 2, 2002.

128. Chau, D., Lin, G., Jolivette, D., Deftos, L., Garfin, S. Demographics of Patients Seeking Kyphoplasty for Compression Fractures. American Geriatrics Society 2002 Annual Scientific Meeting, Washington, DC, May 8-12, 2002.

129. Bono, C., Khanda, A., Vadapalli, S., Holekamp, S., Goel, V., Garfin, S. Residual Angular Mortion After Simulated Solid Lumbar Fusion - A Finite Elemen t Analysis with Implications on Interpreting Flexion-Extension Radiographs. Proceedings of the 20th Annual Meeting of the North Americaqn Spine Society, Philadelphia, PA, Sept 28 - Oct 1, 2005.

130. Mahar, A., Wedemeyer, M., Kim, D., Odell, T., PerryA., Mitsunaga, L., Garfin, S. Short Segment Fixation of Lumbar Burst Fractures Using Pedicle Fixation at he Level of the Fracture. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, March 22-26, 2006.

131. White, K., Oka, R., Mahar, A., Lowry, A., Garfin, S. Biomechanical Comparison of the Transpedicular and Extrapedicular Screw Techniques. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, March 22-26, 2006.

132. Mahar, A., Oka, R., Odell, T., Perry, A., Garfin, S., Kim, C. Biomechanical Comparison of a Novel Transfacet Screw to Pedicle Screws for Single Level Spinal Fusion. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, March 22-26, 2006.

Articles Written by Steven R. Garfin, MD

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