Richard G. Fessler, MD, PhD's portrait
Richard G. Fessler, MD, PhD
Professor of Neurological Surgery
Northwestern University
Chicago, IL

About Richard G. Fessler, MD, PhD

Dr. Richard G. Fessler is a Professor in the Department of Neurosurgery at the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University. Prior to assuming this position, he founded and directed the Institute for Spine Care at the Chicago Institute of Neurosurgery and Neuroresearch (CINN) and was Professor of Neurological Surgery at Rush Medical College in Chicago. Formerly, he was Director of Clinical Services and Education at the University of Florida Brain Institute. Additionally, at the University of Florida, he was a Professor in the Department of Neurological Surgery. In 1994, he was appointed to the Dunspaugh-Dalton Chair of Brain and Spinal Surgery.

Dr. Fessler completed his Medical Doctorate with honors, and he did surgical and neurosurgical residencies at the University of Chicago. In addition to surgical training, Dr. Fessler completed a Doctorate of Philosophy in Pharmacology and Physiology, and a Masters of Science in Psychology. Continuing education after earning doctoral degrees, Dr. Fessler held research fellowships at the University of Chicago Medical Center in Neurological Surgery and Psychiatry. The Chicago Surgical Society honored Dr. Fessler with the Excellence in Surgical Research award.

Dr. Fessler has made significant contributions to endoscopic and microendoscopic surgical developments. The Kambin Foundation awarded Dr. Fessler the annual research award for his research in the field of minimal invasive spinal surgery.

Dr. Fessler is a member of the American Medical Association, Congress of Neurological Surgeons, American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Neurosurgical Society of America, Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, North American Skull Base Society, Joint Section on Pain, Joint Section on Trauma and Critical Care, American College of Surgeons, Society of Neurological Surgeons, Southern Neurosurgical Society, North American Spine Society, World Spine Society, and the American Academy of Neurological Surgery. He has held leadership positions for several of these professional organizations, and has been a course director or faculty member for meetings sponsored by these groups. For the Federal Government, Dr. Fessler served on the Advisory Committees for the Food and Drug Administration and the government committees of the Department of Health and Human Services and the National Head Injury Foundation. At the state-level as well, Dr. Fessler has served on several advisory councils for the state of Florida.

A prolific author, Dr. Fessler has written 13 books and contributed almost 90 book chapters to medical texts. He has published 87 articles in peer-reviewed journals and presented numerous papers at peer-reviewed symposiums. Dr. Fessler lends his expertise to the Editorial Boards of Neurosurgery and Neuro-Orthopaedics, and he is an editorial reviewer for several other professional journals. He is frequently invited for speaking engagements and visiting professorships worldwide.

This active doctor has five times been listed among the Best Doctors in America and recently in Who's Who in Medicine and Health Care. In addition to all of the above accomplishments, Dr. Fessler is a Medical Specialist and Flight Surgeon for NASA/Space Shuttle.

 

Publications

Peer-reviewed Articles
1) Beatty, W.W. and Fessler, R.G.: Ontogeny of sex differences in open-field behavior and sensitivity to electric shock in the rate. Physiology and Behavior 16:413-417, 1976.

 

2) Fessler, R.G. and Beatty, W.W.: Variations in post-weaning environment and sensitivity to electric shock in male and female rats. Behavioral Biology 16:535-538, 1976.

3) Fessler, R.G.: The possible mediation of sex differences in pain sensitivity by the neurotransmitter, 5- hydroxytryptamine. M.S. thesis North Dakota State University, 1978.

4) Beatty, W.W. and Fessler, R.G.: Gonadectomy and sensitivity to electric shock in the rat. Physiology and Behavior 19: 1-6, 1977.

5) Meltzer,H.Y., Fessler,R.G., Fang, V.S.: Perlapine: Relationship between stimulation of prolactin secretion and anti-psychotic activity. Psychopharmacology 54:39-44,1977.

6) Meltzer,H.Y., Fessler,R.G., Simonovic,M., Fang,V.S.: Lysergic acid diethylaminde: Evidence for stimulation of pituitary dopamine receptors. Psychopharmacology 54:39-44, 1977.

7) Beatty, W.W. and Fessler, R.G.: Sex differences in sensitivity to electric shock in rats and hamsters. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10:189-190, 1977.

8) Meltzer,H.Y., Fessler,R.G., Simonovic,M., Fang,V.S.: The effect of mescaline, 3,4-dimethoxyphenylethylamine, and 2, 5-dimethoxy-4 methylamphetamine on rat plasma prolactin: Evidence for serotonergic mediation. Life Sciences 23:1185-1192, 1978.

9) Meltzer,H.Y., Fessler,R.G., Simonovic,M., Fang,V.S.: Stimulation of rat prolactin secretion by indolealkylamine hallucinogens. Psychopharmacology 56:255-259, 1978.

10) Meltzer,H.Y., Miller,R.J., Fessler,R.G., Simonovic,M., Fang,V.S.: ffects of enkephalin analogues on prolactin release in the rat. Life Sciences 22:1931-1938, 1978.

11) Meltzer,H.Y., Fessler,R.G., Fang,V.S.: Effect of piperoxane on rat plasma prolactin. Communications in Psychopharmacology 2:237-242, 1978.

12) Meltzer,H.Y., Simonovic,M., Fessler,R.G., Miller,R., Fang,V.S.: Neuropharmacological studies of prolactin secretion. Psychopharmacology Bulletin 14:26-28, 1978.

13) Meltzer,H.Y., Fessler,R.G., Simonovic,M., Doherty,J., Fang,V.S.: Effect of d- and l-amphetamine on rat plasma prolactin levels. Psychopharmacology 61:63-69, 1979.

14) Fessler,R.G., Sturgeon,R.D., Meltzer,H.Y.: Phencyclidine induced ipsilateral rotation in unilateral 6-OHDA substantia nigra lesioned rats. Life Sciences 24:1281-1288, 1979.

15) Meltzer,H.Y., Fessler,R.G., Simonovic,M., Sturgeon,R.D.: Letter to the Editor. American Journal of Psychiatry 136(2):235, 1979.

16) Sturgeon,R.D., Fessler,R.G., Meltzer,H.Y.: Behavioral rating scales for assessing phencyclidine-induced locomotor activity, stereotyped behavior and ataxia in rats. European Journal of Pharmacology 59:169-179, 1979.

17) Meltzer,H.Y., Sturgeon,R.D., Simonovic,M., Fessler,R.G.: Phencyclidine as an indirect dopamine agonist. Psychopharmacology Bulletin 16:62-65, 1980.

18) Fessler, R.G.: Interaction between serotonin and dopamine in the regulation of prolactin secretion from the anterior pituitary of the rat. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Chicago, Pritzker School of Medicine, 1980.

19) Fessler,R.G., Sturgeon,R.D., Meltzer,H.Y.: Effects of phencyclidine and methylphenidate on d-amphetamine-induced behavior in reserpine and vehicle pretreated rats. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior 13:835-842, 1981.

20) Sturgeon,R.D., Fessler,R.G., London,S.F.*, Meltzer,J.Y.: A comparison of the effects of neuroleptics on phencyclidine-induced behaviors in the rat. European Journal of Pharmacology 76:37-53, 1981.

21) Fessler,R.G., Sturgeon,R.D., London,S.F.*, Meltzer,H.Y.: Lithium potentiation of phencyclidine-induced stereotypy and ataxia. Psychopharmacology 78:373-376, 1982.

22) Sturgeon,R.D., Fessler,R.G., London,S.F.*, Meltzer,H.Y.: Behavioral effects of chronic phencyclidine administration in rats. Psychopharmacology 76:52-56, 1982.

23) Arora,R.C., Fessler,R.G., Meltzer,H.Y.: Effects of lithium carbonate on serotonin uptake in rat blood platelets. Progress in Neuropsychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 7:39-45, 1983.

24) Fessler,R.G., Deyo,S.N.*, Meltzer,H.Y., Miller,R.J.: Evidence that the medial and dorsal raphe nucleus mediate serotonergically-induced increases in prolactin release from the pituitary. Brain Research 299:231-237, 1984.

25) Rachlin,J.R., Fessler,R.G., Duda,E.E., Brown,F.D., Fang,V.S., Mullan,S.: Beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity increases in human lumbar cerebrospinal fluid following routine contrast myelography. Journal of Neurosurgery 60:800-802, 1984.

26) Fang,V.S., Fessler,R.G., Rachlin,J.R., Brown,F.D.: Matrix effect of radiopaque media on beta-endorphin radioimmunoassay in cerebrospinal fluid. Clinical Chemistry 30:311-314, 1984.

27) Brown,F.D., Fessler,R.G., Rachlin,J.R.*, Mullan,J.F.: Changes in food intake with electrical stimulation of the ventromedial hypothalamus in dogs. Journal of Neurosurgery 60:1253-1257, 1984.

28) Fessler,R.G., Brown,F.D., Rachlin,J.R.*, Mullan,S., Fang,V.S.: Elevated B-endorphin in cerebrospinal fluid after electrical brain stimulation: Artifact of contrast infusion? Science 244:1017-1019, 1984.

29) Schiable,K.L.*, Smith,L.J.*, Fessler,R.G., Rachlin,J.R.*, Brown,F.D.: The safety of postoperative anticoagulation in the neurosurgical patient. Journal of Neurosurgery 63:959-962, 1985.

30) Smith,L.J.*, Schaible,K.L.*, Rachlin,J.R.*, Fessler,R.G., Brown,F.D.: Examination of the utility of the rat as an animal model for human anticoagulation. Haemostasis 17(4):206-210, 1987.

31) Fessler,R.G., Brown,F.D.: Superior Sagittal Sinus Infection with Petriellidium Boydii. Case report. Neurosurgery 24:604-607, 1989.

32) Fessler,R.G., Dietze,D.D.*, MacMillan,M., Peace,D.: Lateral Parascapular Extrapleural Approach to the Upper Thoracic Spine. Journal of Neurosurgery 75:349-355, 1991.

33) Gregg,R.*, Gravenstein,N.: Low Back Pain following Epidural Blood Patch. Comment by Fessler,R.G. Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology 4:413-418, 1992.

34) Fessler,R.G., Johnson,D.*, Brown,F.D., Erickson,R.K., Reid,S.A., Kranzler,L.: Epidural Lipomatosis in Steroid Treated Patients. Spine 17:183-188, 1992.

35) Dickman,C.A.*, Locantro,J.*, Fessler,R.G.: The influence of transoral odontoid resection on stability of the craniovertebral junction. Journal of Neurosurgery 77:525-530, 1992.

36) Dickman,C.A.*, Fessler,R.G., MacMillan,M., Haid,R.W.: Transpedicular screw rod fixation of the lumbar spine: Operative technique and outcome in 104 cases. Journal of Neurosurgery 77:860-870, 1992.

37) Fessler, R.G.: Decision making in spinal instrumentation. Clinical Proceedings of the Congress of Neurological Surgery. 40:227-242, 1992.

38) Glasser,R.R.*, Knego,R.*, Delashaw,J., Fessler,R.G.: The Peri- operative use of corticosteroids in the management of lumbar disc disease. Journal of Neurosurgery 75:383-387, 1993.

39) Fessler, R.G.: Synthes Translaminar Facet Drill Guide. Neurosurgery 33:164-165, 1993.

40) Steck, J.C.* and Fessler, R.G.: The Posterolateral Approach to Intradural Extramedullary Thoracic Tumors. Journal of Neurosurgery 81:202-205, 1994.

41) Reier,P., Anderson,D., Fessler,R.G. Workshop on Spinal Neurotransplantation. Journal of Neurotraumatology. 11:369-77, 1994.

42) Fessler, R.G.: Commentary on: Closed Head Injury and the treatment of Sequelae after a motor vehicle accident. (authors: Layon,A.J., Stachniak,J.) Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, 6:437-449, 1994.

43) Burchiel, K.M. and Fessler, R.G.: Prospective, multicenter study of spinal cord stimulation for relief of chronic back and extremity pain. Spine. 21:2786-2794, 1996.

44) Graham,A.W., MacMillan,M., Fessler,R.G.: The lateral extracavitary approach to the thoracic and thoracolumbar spine. Orthopedics. 20:605-610, 1997.

45) Dietze, D.D.,Jr. and Fessler, R.G.: Primary reconstruction for spinal infections. Journal of Neurosurgery. 86:981-989, 1997.

46) Roh,S.W., Kim,D.H., Cardoso,A.C., Fessler,R.G.: Endoscopic foraminotomy using microendoscopic discectomy (MED) system in cadaveric specimens. Neurosurgery Focus 4 (2):article 2, 1998.

47) Fessler, R.G. and Sturgill, M.: Review: Complications of Surgery for thoracic disc disease. Surgical Neurology. 49:609-618, 1998.

48) Fessler,R.G., Steck,J.C., Giovanini,M.A.: Anterior cervical corpectomy for cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Neurosurgery. 43:257-264, 1998.

49) Yachnis, A.T., Faunce,W.H., Glasser,R.S., Fessler,R.G.: Ossifying Fibromyxoid Tumor of the Dura: Case Report. Neuro-Orthopedics. 24:13-19, 1998.

50) MacMillan,M., Bhat,A.L., Gillespy,M.C., Fessler,R.G., Sherman,M.: Computer-assisted guidance (CAG) for percutaneous trans-sacral L5-S1 fusion. Neuro-orthopedics 23:53-61, 1998.

51) Guiot, B. and Fessler, R.G.: Complex Atlas-Axis Fractures. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine 91:139-143, 1999.

52) Fessler, R.G.: Clinical opinion: Treatment of subaxial cervical subluxation in rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of Spinal Disorders 12: 81-86, 1999.

53) Samudrala,S., Khoo,L.T., Rhim,S.C., Fessler,R.G. Complications during anterior surgery of the lumbar spine: an anatomically based study and review. Neurosurgical Focus 7(6): article 9, 1999.

54) Roh,S.W., Kim,D.H., Cardoso,A.C., Fessler,R.G.: Endoscopic foraminotomy using microendoscopic discectomy (MED) system in cadaveric specimens. Spine 25:260-264, 2000.

55) Guiot, B. and Fessler, R.G.: Molecular Biology of Degenerative Disc Disease. Neurosurgery. 47:1034-1040, 2000.

56) Strickland-Marmol,L.B., Fessler,R.G., Rojiani,A.M.: Necrotizing Sarcoidosis mimicking an intracranial neoplasm: Clinicopathologic features and review of the literature. MOD Pathology 13(8):909-913, 2000.

57) Wirth,E.D., Reier,P.J., Fessler,R.G., Thompson,F.J., Uthman,B., Behrman,A., Beard,J., Vierck,C.J., Anderson,D.K.: Feasibility and Safety of Neural Tissue Transplantation in Patients with Syringomyelia. Journal of Neurotrauma 18:911-930, 2001.

58) Thompson,F.J., Reier,P.J., Uthman,B., Mott,S., Fessler,R.G., Behrman, A., Trimble,M., Anderson,D.K., Wirth,E.D.: Neurophysiological Assessment of the Feasibility and Safety of Neural Tissue Transplantation in Patients with Syringomyelia. Journal of Neurotrauma 18:931-945, 2001.

59) Guiot, B.H. and Fessler, R.G.: A minimally invasive technique for decompression of the lumbar spine. Spine 27:432-438, 2002.

60) Fessler, R.G. and Khoo, L.T.: Microendoscopic Decompressive Laminotomy MEDL) for the Treatment of Lumbar Stenosis. Neurosurgery, 51(5, Supplement), 146-154, 2002.

61) Fessler, R.G. and Khoo, L.T.: Minimally Invasive Cervical Microendoscopic Foraminotomy (MEF): An Initial Clinical Experience. Neurosurgery 51(5, Supplement), 37-45, 2002.

62) Fessler, R.G. and Khoo, L.T.: Microendoscopic Decompressive Laminotomy (MEDL) for the Treatment of Lumbar Stenosis. Neurosurgery 50(12), In Press.

63) Khoo,L.T., Palmer,S., Laich,D.T., Fessler,R.G.: Minimally Invasive Percutaneous Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Neurosurgery 51(5, Supplement), 166-181, 2002.

64) Peters,K.R., Guiot,B.H., Martin,P.A., Fessler,R.G.: Vertebroplasty for Osteoporotic Compression fractures: Current Practice and Evolving Techniques. Neurosurgery 51(5 supplement), 96-103, 2002.

65) Khoo,L.T., Mikawa,K., Fessler,R.G.: A Surgical Revisitation of Pott's Distemper of the Spine. The Spine Journal, 3(2):130-145, 2003.

66) Frempong-Boadu,A.K., Faunce,W.A., Fessler,R.G.: Endoscopically Assisted Transoral-Transpharyngeal Approach to the Craniovertebral Junction. Neurosurgery. 51(5, Supplement) 60-66, 2002.

67) Klimo, P. and Fessler, R.G.: Metastatic Disease and Surgical Approaches to the Thoracic Spine. Neurosurgical Focus: submitted.

68) Tucker,L.B., Beck,A.L., Misilmeri,M.A., Fessler,R.G.: Sex differences in pain thresheld and morphine analgesia following exposure to an inescapable stressor. Submitted to Pain.

69) Misilmeri,M., Tucker,L., Meyer,M.E., Fessler,R.G., van Haaren,F.: Morphine analgesia: Hot-plate temperature and sex differences. Submitted to Pain.

70) Cardoso,A.C., Roh,S.W., Rhoton,A.L., Bianchi,J.R., Sutterlin,C.E., Fessler,R.G.: Biomechanical effects of transcondylar approach on the craniovertebral junction. Submitted to Journal of Neurosurgery.

71) Zipfel, G.J., Guiot, B.H., Fessler, R.G.: Bone Grafting. Neurosurgical Focus. 14:Article ?, 2003.

72) Sandhu, F.A., Santiago, P. Palmer, S., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive surgical Treatment of Lumbar Synovial Cysts. Neurosurgery 54:107-112, 2004.

73) Isaacs, R.E., Sandhu, F. A., Santiago, P. Podichetty, V., Aaronson, O., Kelly, K., Hrubes, M., Fessler, R.G.: Thoracic Microendoscopic Discectomy: A Human Cadaver Study. Submitted to Spine.

74) Isaacs, R.E., Santiago, P., Sandhu, F.A., Podichetty, V.K., Kelly, K., Rice, L., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Microendoscopic Assisted Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Instrumentation. Submitted to The Spine Journal.

75) Perez-Cruet, M. J., Kim, B.S., Sandhu, F., Samartzis, D., Fessler, R.G. : Thoracic Microendoscopic Discectomy. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine. 1(1):58-63, 2004.

76) Perez-Cruet, M.M., Samartzis, D., Fessler, R.G. : Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Corpectomy Operative Nuances. Submitted to Neurosurgery.

77) Le, H., Sandhu, F.A., Fessler, R.G.: Clinical Outcomes of Minimal Access Surgery for Recurrent Lumbar Disc Herniation. Neurosurgical Focus 15 (3): Article 12, 2003.

78) Isaacs, R., Santiago, P., Sandhu, F., Spears, J., Podichetty, V., Kelly, K., Rice, L., Fessler, R.: Minimally invasive microendoscopic assisted transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with instrumentation. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine Submitted.

79) Christie, S.D., Song, J.K., Fessler, R.G.: Interspinous Distraction Devices. Spine 30 (16S):1-6, 2005.

80) Sandhu, F.A., Santiago, Pl, Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Surgical Treatment of Lumbar Synoivial Cysts. Year Book Of Neurology and Neurosurgery, 331-332, 2005.

81) Lee, M.C., Want, M.Y., Fessler, R.G., Liauw, J., Kim, D.H.: Instrumentation in Patients with Spinal Infection. Neurosurgical Focus 17(6): E7, 2004.

82) Pytel, P., Wollmann, R., Montag, A., Fessler, R.: Histopathologic Changes in spine Surgery Specimens-A study of 1033 cases. Pathology, Submitted.

83) Christie, S., Song, J, Fessler, R.G..: Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty for Percutaneous Vertebral Compression Fractures. APS Bulletin. Summer:5-7, 2005.

84) Tredway, T.L., Santiago, P., Hrubes, M., Song, J., Christie, S.. Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Resection of Intradural-Extramedullary Spinal Neoplasms. Neurosurgery. Accepted.

85) Song, J., Musleh, W., Christie, S., Fessler, R.G.: Cervical Juxtafacet Cysts: Case Report and Review of the Literature. Submitted to The Spine Journal.

86) Rosen, D.S., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Resection of a Spinal Epidural Cavernous Hemangioma. Spinal Surgery. 19:39-44, 2005.

87) Pytel, Peter, Wollman, R., Fessler, R., Krausz, T., Montag, A.: Degenerative Findings in 985 Surgical Specimens. American Journal of Clinical Pathology. Submitted.

Peer-reviewed Abstracts and Posters - International
1) Meltzer,H.Y., Simonovic,M., Fessler,R.G., Fang,V.S.: Effect of Sertonin agonists, tricyclic antidepressants and related drugs on rat plasma prolactin levels. 11th Congress of International Neuropharmacology, 1978.

2) Meltzer,H.Y., Sturgeon,R.D., Simonovic,M., Fessler,R.G.: Phencyclidine as an indirect dopamine agonist. 12th Congress of International Neuropharmacology, 1979.

3) Burchiel,K.J., Brown,F.D., Erickson,R.K., Fessler,R.G., Friedman,W.A., Pelofsky,S., Weiner,R.L., Shatin,D.: Correlates of Pain Relief in Spinal cord Stimulator Recipients. 7th World Congress on Pain, Paris, France. August 22-27, 1993.

4) Wirth, E.D.,Vierck, C.J., Reier, P.J., Fessler, R.G., Anderson, D.K.:Correlation of MRI Findings with Spinal Cord Injury Pain Following Neural Tissue Grafting in Patients with Post-traumatic Syringomyelia. 3rd. IASP Research Symposium. Phoenix, AZ, April 16-18, 2001.

5) Fessler, R.G.: Microendoscopic Posterior Cervical Foraminotomy and Discectomy. 9th International Meeting on Advanced Surgical Techniques. Montreux, Switzerland, May 23-25, 2002.

6) Fessler, R.G.: Microendoscopic Decompression of Lumbar Stenosis. 9th International Meeting on Advanced Surgical Techniques. Montreux, Switzerland, May 23-25, 2002.

7) Heller, J.G., Park, A.E., Tortolani, P.J., Tang, F., Goffin, J., Sambole, Liebig, K., Coetzee, Pointillart, V., Fessler, R.G., Papadopoulos, S., Rouleau, J.P., Conta. R.L.: CT Scan assessment of anterior paravertebral bone formation after total cervical disc replacement temporal relationships and the effect of NSAID's. European Cervical Spine Research Society., Bordeaux, France, February 17-22, 2003.

8) Isaacs, R., Perez-Cruet, M.J., Kelly, Kevin, Rice, L., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Microendoscopic transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Instrumentation. World Spine II, August 10-13, 2003, Chicago, IL.

9) Perez-Cruet, MlJ., Kelly, K. Treadway, T. Zac, S., Fessler, R.G.: Accuracy and Safety of Percutaneous Lumbar Pedicle Screw Placement. World Spine II, August 10-13, 2003, Chicago, IL.

10) Khoo, L.R., Isaacs, R. Fessler, R.G.: A Comparison of Postoperative Narcotics Use in Minimally Invasive vs Open Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. World Spine II, August 10-13, 2003, Chicago, IL.

11) Isaacs, R., Aronson, O., Fessler, R.G.: Thoracic Microendoscopic Discectomy (TMED). World Spine II, August 10-13, 2003, Chicago, IL.

12) Perez-Cruet, M.J., Kelly, Kevin, Isaacs, R., Samartzis, D., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Multi-level Decompressive Cervical Laminectomy Using the MED System in Cadaveric Specimens. World Spine II, August 10-13, 2003, Chicago, IL.

13) Fessler, R.G., Perez-Cruet, M.. J., Samartzis, D.: Minimally Invasive Microendoscopic Thoracic Discectomy. World Spine II, August 10-13, 2003, Chicago, IL.

14) Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Microendoscopic decompression for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. World Spine II, August 10-13, 2003, Chicago, IL.

15) Fessler, R.G.. Tredway, T., Rice, L, Hrubes, M.: Minimally invasive unilateral TLIF: Indications, Technique, and Results. International Meeting on Advanced Surgical Techniques. Southampton, Bermuda. July 1-3, 2004.

16) Fessler, R.G.. Rouleau, J., Anderson, P.: Artificial Disc Prostheses: A comparison of simulator Tested and retrieved Devices. International Meeting on Advanced Surgical Techniques. Southampton, Bermuda. July 1-3, 2004.

Peer Reviewed Abstracts and Posters - National
1) Miller,R.J., Meltzer,H.Y., Fessler,R.G., Simonovic,M., Fang,V.S.: Effects of enkephalin analogues on prolactin release in the rat. Federation of Sciences, 1978.

2) Meltzer,H.Y., Simonovic,M., Doherty,J., Sturgeon,R.D., Fessler,R.G.: "Angel Dust" and Schizophrenia: Phencyclidine and dopamine. American Psychiatric Association, 1979.

3) Fessler,R.G., Meltzer,H.Y.: Effect of electrolytic lesions of the medial raphe nucleus on 5-HTP + LU 10-101-induced increases in serum prolactin levels in rats. Society for Neuroscience, 1979.

4) Meltzer,H.Y., Simonovic,M., Fessler,R.G., Sturgeon,R.D.: Phencyclidine: An indirect dopamine agonist. American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 1979.

5) Unberkoman-Wutta,V., Fessler,R.G., Simonovic,M., Fang,V.S., Meltzer,H.Y.: Serum TSH as an indicator of experimental stress in rats treated with serotonin agonists. Endocrine Society, 1980.

6) Fessler,R.G., Sturgeon,R.D., London,S.F., Meltzer,H.Y.: Development of tolerance to phencyclidine (PCP) induced stereotyped behavior and ataxia. Society for Neuroscience, 1980.

7) Arora,R.C., Fessler,R.G., Meltzer,H.Y.: In vitro and in vivo effect of lithium carbonate on serotonin uptake in rat blood platelet. American Society of Neurochemistry, 1981.

8) Brown,F.D., Fessler,R.G., Rachlin,J.R., Mullan,S.: Changes in food intake with electrical stimulation of the hypothalamic satiety center in dogs. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 1983.

9) Brown,F.D., Fessler,R.G., Fang,V.S., Rachlin,J.R., Mullan,S.: Beta-endorphin and monoamine levels in human CSF following periventricular grey stimulation. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 1983.

10) Fessler,R.G., Rachlin,J.R., Brown,F.D., Fang,V.S., Mullan,S.: Changes in food intake with electrical stimulation of the ventromedial hypothalamus in dogs. Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Chicago, IL, 1983.

11) Rachlin,J.R., Fessler,R.G., Brown,F.D., Johns,L., Fang,V.S., Mullan,S.: Beta-endorphin and monoamine levels following penetrating brain injury. Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Chicago, IL, 1983.

12) Fessler,R.G., Brown,F.D., Rachlin,J.R., Fang,V.S., Mullan,S.: Elevated CSF Beta-endorphin following electrical brain stimulation may be an artifact of contrast infusion. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. San Francisco, CA, 1984.

13) Yu,R.C., Perlow,M.J., Brown,F.D., Fessler,R.G., Woo,S., Wainer,B., Arnason,B.G.W.: The development and maturation of transplanted motor neurons in vivo remote from the influence of skeletal muscle. Society for Neuroscience. Anaheim, CA, 1984.

14) Fessler,R.G., Smith,L.J., Schaible,K.L., Rachlin,J.R., Brown,F.D.: Evaluation of anticoagulation therapy with heparin following experimental craniotomy. American College of Surgeons. San Francisco, CA, 1984.

15) Brown,F.D., Rachlin,J.R., Fessler,R.G., Rubin,J.R., Mullan, S.: Ultrasound guided periventricular stereotaxis. American College of Surgeons. San Francisco, CA, 1984.

16) Brown,F.D., Perlow,M.J., Steffannson,L., Fessler,R.G., Leipzig,T.J.: Transplantation of spinal cord to brain. Joint Section on Spinal Disorders of AANS and the Congress of Neurological Surgery, 1985.

17) Fessler,R.G., Johnson,D.L., Brown, F.D., Erickson,R.K., Reid,S.A.: Epidural Lipomatosis in steroid-treated patients. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 7-11, 1990.

18) Fessler,R.G., Dietze,D.D.: Lateral Parascapular Extrapleural Approach to the Thoracic Spine. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 13-17, 1991.

19) Dietze,D.D., Fessler,R.G.: Comparative Anatomic Evaluation of Surgical Approaches to the Upper Thoracic (T1-T4) Vertebrae. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 13-17, 1991.

20) Panje,W.R., Shaw,G.Y., Dohrmann,G.III, Fessler,R.G.: Modifications of Standard Approaches to the Anterior Cervical Spine. North American Skull Base Society. February 27-March 3, 1991.

21) Fessler, R.G.: Lateral Extracavitary Approach to Resection of Central Thoracic Disc Protrusion. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. April 20-25, 1991.

22) Locantro,J., Fessler,R.G., Dickman,C.A., Renfro,M.: Segmental Interlaminar clamp fixation of the dorsal cervical spine. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 5-9, 1992.

23) Delashaw,J.B., Glasser,R.R., Knego,R., Fessler,R.G.: Perioperative management of lumbar microdiscectomy patients using bupivicaine and corticosteroids. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 5-9, 1992.

24) Locantro,J., Dickman,C.A., Fessler,R.G.: The effects of transoral odontoid resection on stability of the craniovertebral junction. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 5-9, 1992.

25) Dickman,C.A., Fessler,R.G., MacMillan, M., Haid,R.: Transpedicular Screw fixation of the Lumbar Spine. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 5-9, 1992.

26) Renfro,M.B., Dickman,C.A., Fessler,R.G., MacMillan,M.: Retroperitoneal Approach to the Lumbar vertebrae. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 5-9, 1992.

27) Renfro,M.B., Dickman,C.A., Fessler,R.G., MacMillan,M.: Retroperitoneal Approaches to the Lumbar Vertebrae. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. April, 1992.

28) Thompson,F.J., Parmer,R., Graham,J., Fessler,R.G.: Is spinal cord injury induced loss of rate-sensitive depression related to GABA-B receptor dysfunction? Society for Neuroscience, October, 1992.

29) Graham,A.W., MacMillan,M., Fessler,R.G.: The Lateral Extracavitary Approach to the Thoracic and Thoracolumbar Spine. Advanced techniques in Spinal Instrumentation. First Annual Symposium, December 11-12, 1992.

30) Burchiel,K.J., Brown,F.D., Erickson,R.E., Fessler,R.G., Friedman,W.A., Pelofsky,S., Weiner,R.L., Shatin,D.: Improvement in pain levels, quality of life and psychological indicators in patients receiving implantable spinal cord stimulators. Congress of Neurological Surgery. Washington, D.C., 1992.

31) Fessler,R.G., Knego,R., Chris,T.: Cerebrospinal fluid norepinephrine elevations in a delayed hyperadrenergic state following severe closed head injury. Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Washington,D.C., 1992.

32) Glasser,R.R., Fessler,R.G.: Posterior Atlantoaxial screw fixation: Experience with ten cases. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 17-21, 1993.

33) Dietze,D.D., Fessler,R.G.: Comparative Anatomic evaluation of surgical approaches to the Upper Thoracic vertebrae (T1-T4). American Association of Neurological Surgeons. April 24-29, 1993.

34) Dietze,D.D., Fessler,R.G., Jacob,R.P.: Primary reconstruction for spinal infections. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. April 24-29, 1993.

35) Fessler,R.G., MacMillan,M.: Percutaneous lumbosacral fusion and fixation. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 9-12, 1994.

36) Steck,J., Giovanini,M., Fessler,R.G.: Cervical corpectomy: A review of 204 cases. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 9-12, 1994.

37) Fessler,R.G., Martin,P., Robinson,M.: Intrathecal morphine administration for control of pain of benign origin. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 9-12, 1994.

38) Steck,J.C., Giovaninni,M., Fessler,R.G., Jacob,R.P.: Corpectomy for Cervical Spondylitic Myelopathy: Review of 110 Cases. American Association of Neurological Surgery. April, 1994.

39) MacMillan,M., Fessler,R.G., Montgomery,W.: Anatomical and Clinical Study of Percutaneous Lumbosacral Fusion and Fixation. American Association of Neurological Surgery. April, 1994.

40) Anderson,V.C., Burchiel,K.J., Brown,F.D., Fessler,R.G., Friedman,W.A., Felofsky,S., Weiner,R.L., Oakley,J.C., Shatin,D.: Prospective multicenter studyof spinal cord stimulation for relief of chronic back and leg pain. American Pain Society, 1995.

41) Dietze, D.D. and Fessler, R.G.: Primary reconstruction for spinal infections. Congress of Neurological Surgeons. October 15-19, 1995.

42) Samudrala, S. and Fessler, R.G.: Surgical Anatomy of the Anterior Lumbar Spine. Spine and Science, November 5, 1995.

43) Mendel, E. and Fessler, R.G.: Evaluation of Complication Rate in Cervical Plated vs Non Plated Patients. Spine, Science and Management, November 15-16, 1996.

44) Herbert,A., Giovanini,M., Fessler,R.G.: Anterior Cervical Corpectomy in 220 Patients: Clinical Outcome and Complications. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 19-22, 1997.

45) Fessler, R.G. and MacMillan, M.: Endoscopically Assisted Retroperitoneal Lumbar Fusion. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February, 19-22, 1997.

46) Mendel,E., Giovanini,M., Herbert,A., Fessler,R.G.: Evaluation of Complication Rate in Plated Versus Non-Plated Patients and Collar Orthosis Versus Anterior Plate Fixation Following Anterior Cervical Corpectomy. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. February 19-22, 1997.

47) Thompson,F.J., Uthman,B., Mott,S., Remson,E.J., Wirth,E.D., Fessler, R.G., Reier,P.P., Behrman,A., Trimble,M. Anderson,D.K.: Neurophysiological Assessment of Neural Tissue Transplantation in Syringomyelia Patients. Society for Neuroscience, November 7-12, 1998.

48) Wirth,E.D., Fessler,R.G., Reier,P.J., Thompson,F.J., Uthman,B. Behrman,A., Remson,E.J., Anderson,D.K.: Feasibility and safety of neural tissue transplantation in patients with syringomyelia. Society for Neuroscience, November, 7-12, 1998.

49) Wirth,E.D., Fessler,R.G., Reier,P.J., Thompson,F.J., Uthman,B., Remson,E.J., Anderson,D.K.: Feasibility and safety of neural tissue transplantation in patients with syringomyelia. Society for Neuroscience. Los Angeles, CA, November 7 - 12, 1998.

50) Brara,H.S., Ellis,T.L., Fessler,R.G.: Microendoscopic approach to lumbar discectomy. Seventh Annual Spine: Science and Management Program. New Orleans, LA, November 19-22, 1998.

51) Guiot, B. and Fessler, R.G.: Lumbar Stenosis: A Minimally Invasive Approach. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Orlando, FL, February 10-13, 1999.

52) Kim,D., Roh,S.W., Cardoso,A.C., Fessler,R.G., Thielle,D. Posterior cervical laminoforaminotomy using microendoscopic discectomy system in live porcine animals and early clinical report of four patients. American Association of Neurological Surgery. New Orleans, LA, April 24-29, 1999.

53) Wirth,E.D., Fessler,R.G., Reier,P.J., Thompson,F.J., Uthman,B., Behrman,A., Beard,J., Anderson,D.K.: Neural tissue transplantation in patients with syringomyelia: Update on feasibility and safety. American Society of Neural Transplantation and Repair. Sixth Annual Conference. Clearwater, FL, April 29-May 2, 1999.

54) Brara, H. and Fessler, R.G.: Treatment of Lumbar radiculopathy with microendoscopic discectomy. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Boston, MA, October 30-November 4, 1999.

55) Brara, H. and Fessler, R.G.: The role of anterior lumbar interbody allograft bone dowel fusion as an adjunct to posterolateral segmental fixation. Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Boston, MA, October 30-November 4, 1999.

56) Wirth,E.D., Fessler,R.G., Reier,P.J., Thompson,F.J., Uthman,B., Behrman,A., Beard,J., Anderson,D.K.: Neural Transplantation for SCI Repair: Translation from Bench to Bedside. American Paraplegia Society. September 5-7, 2000.

57) Khoo,L.T., Laich,D., Khoo,K., Frempong-Boadu,A., Fessler,R.G.: Minimally-Invasive Microendoscopic Decompressive Laminotomy for Lumbar Stenosis. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Phoenix, AZ, February 14-17, 2001.

58) Khoo,L.T., Laich,D., Rice-Wyllie,L., Frempong-Boadu,A., Fessler,R.G.: Posterior Microendoscopic Cervical Foraminotomy for Radiculopathy. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Phoenix, AZ, February 14-17, 2001.

59) Khoo,L.T., Samudrala,S., Fessler,R.G.: Complications During Anterior Surgery of the Lumbar Spine: An Anatomic Review. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 21-26, 2001.

60) Wallace,B.A., Gainer,J.V., Fessler,R.G., Jacob,R.P.: Microendoscopic versus Open Discectomies: A cost Analysis. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 21-26, 2001.

61) Khoo,L.T., Rice-Wylie,L., Frempong,A., Kim,D.H., Fessler,R.G.: Posterior Microendoscopic Cervical Foraminotomy for Radiculopathy. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 21-26, 2001.

62) Khoo, L.T. and Fessler, R.G.: Posterior Microendoscopic Cervical Discectomy. Congress of Neurological Surgery. San Diego, CA, September 30-October 4, 2001.

63) Khoo,L.T., Khoo,C., Rice-Wylie,L., Fessler,R.G.: Microendoscopic Decompression of Lumbar Stenosis. Congress of Neurological Surgery. San Diego, CA, September 30-October 4, 2001.

64) Khoo,L.T., Simartzis,D., Fessler,R.G. Minimally Invasive Posterior Cervical Discectomy and Foraminotomy, North American Spine Society. Seattle, WA, October 30-November 3, 2001.

65) Khoo,L.T., Fessler,R.G.: Minimally-invasive cervical microendoscopic foraminotomy. Cervical Spine Research Society. Monteray, CA, November 29-December 2, 2001.

66) Khoo,L.T., Samadrala,S., Fessler,R.G.: Anterior plating for cervical trauma: An analysis of plate lordosis and subsidence. Cervical Spine Research Society. Monteray, CA, November 29-December 2, 2001.

67) Fessler, R.G. and Traynelis, V: Failure rate among multilevel anterior cervical vertebrectomies with plates. Cervical Spine Research Society. Monteray, CA, November 29-December 2, 2001.

68) Fessler,R.G., Traynelis,V. Barua,M.: Anterior Cervical Plate Stabilization Following Multilevel Corpectomy. Joint Section on Disorderd of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Orlando, FL, February 27-March 2, 2002.

69) Isaacs,R.E., Khoo,L.T., Perez-Cruet,M., Laich,D., Fessler,R.G.: Minimally-Invasive Microendoscopic Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Instrumentation. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Orlando, FL, February 27-March 2, 2002.

70) Isaacs,R.E., Khoo,L.T., Fessler,R.G.: Posterior Microendoscopic Cervical Foraminotomy in the Sitting Position. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Orlando, FL, February 27-March 2, 2002.

71) Isaacs,R.E., Perez-Cruet,M., Laich,D., Khoo,L., Fessler,R.G.: Minimally Invasive Microendoscopic Decompressive Laminotomy for Lumbar Stenosis. American Association of Neurological Surgery. April 6-11, 2002.

72) Isaacs,R.E., Khoo,L.T., Fessler,R.G.: Posterior Microendoscopic Cervical foraminotomy in the Sitting Position. American Association of Neurological Surgery. April 6-11, 2002.

73) Isaacs,R.E., Khoo,L.T., Fessler,R.G.: Microendoscopic Discectomy for Recurrent Disc Herniations. American Association of Neurological Surgery. April 6-11, 2002.

74) Isaacs,R.E., Khoo,L.T., Fessler,R.G.: Posterior Microendoscopic Cervical Foraminotomy in the Sitting Position. American Association of Neurological Surgery. Chicago, IL, April 6-11, 2002.

75) Isaacs,R.E., Khoo,L.T., Perez-Cruet,M., Laich,D., Fessler,R.G.: Minimally-Invasive Microendoscopic Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Instrumentation. American Association of Neurological Surgery. Chicago, IL, April 6-11, 2002.

76) Fessler,R.G., Traynelis,V., Barua,M.: Anterior Cervical Plate Stabilization Following Multilevel Corpectomy. American Association of Neurological Surgery. Chicago, IL, April 6-11, 2002.

77) Roedel,A.L., Zak,S.M., Fessler,R.G., Isaacs,R.E., Perez-Cruet,M.: Pedicle Screw Stimulation in Minimally Invasive Speinal Instrumentation. Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the American Society of Neurophysiological Monitoring. Lake Buena Vista, FL, May 2-5, 2002.

78) Isaacs,R.E., Khoo,L.T., Fessler,R.G.: Microendoscopic Lumbar Decompression for Stenosis. Spine+Science+Management Fellows Meeting, New Orleans, LA, 2002.

79) Sasso,R.C., Fessler,R.G., Foley, K.T., Haid,R.W., Kalfas,I.H., Papadopoulos,S.M., Rodts,G.E., Sonntag,V.K.H., Traynelis,V.C., Zdeblick,T.A.: Cervical Spine Study Group Retrospective Study of Anterior Cervical Plating Procedures and their Associated Complications. Cervical Spine Research Society, New York, NY, 2002.

80) Cruet, M.J., Isaacs, R.E., Kelly, K., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally invasive multilevel decompressive cervical laminectomy using MED system in cadaveric specimens. Congress of Neurological Surgery. Philadelphia, PA, September 22-26, 2002.

81) Cruet, M.J., Isaacs, R.E., Fessler, R.G.: Thoracic endoscopic discectomy. Congress of Neurological Surgery. Philadelphia, PA, September 22-26, 2002.

82) Cruet, M.J., Isaacs, R.E., Kelly, K., Rice-Wyllie, L., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive microendoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation. Congress of Neurological Surgery. Philadelphia, PA, September 22-26, 2002.

83) Khoo, L.T., Isaacs, R.E., Fessler, R.G.: Acomparison of postoperative narcotic use in minimally invasive vs open posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF). Congress of Neurological Surgery. Philadelphia, PA, September 22-26, 2002.

84) Khoo, L.T., Palmer, S., Laich, D.T., Fessler, R.G.: Percutaneous minimally-invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion (MI-PLIF): A cadaveric validation and initial clinical experience in 10 patients. Congress of Neurological Surgery. Philadelphia, PA, September 22-26, 2002.

85) Santiago, P., Isaacs, R.E., Sandhu, F.A., Perez-Cruet, M.J., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Thoracic Discectomy. Spine+Science+Management, New Orleans, LA, November 22-24, 2002.

86) Sandhu, F.A., Isaacs, R.E., Santiago, P., Perez-Cruet, M.J., Fessler, R.G.: Percutaneous Placement of Pedicle Screws, A Cadever Study Spine+Science+Management, New Orleans, LA, November 22-24, 2002.

87) Isaacs, R.E., Aaronson, O., Sandu, F.A., Santiago, P., Fessler, R.G. : Thoracic Microendoscopic Discectomy (TMED). Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Tampa, FL, March 6-8, 2003.

88) Perez-Cruet, M. J., Santiago, P., Sandhu, F.A., Kelly, K., Fessler, R.G.: Accuracy and Safety of Percutaneous Pedicle Screw Placement for Degenerative Lumbar Disease. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Tampa, FL, March 6-8, 2003.

89) Perez-Cruet, M.J., Sandhu, F.A., Kelly, K. Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Multi-level Decompressive Cervical Laminectomy. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Tampa, FL, March 6-8, 2003.

90) Perez-Cruet, M. J., Sandhu, F.A., Santiago, P., Isaacs, R.., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Microendoscopic Thoracic Discectomy. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Tampa, FL, March 6-8, 2003.

91) Khoo, L.T.. Fessler, R.G.: A Comparison of Post-Operative Pain and Functional Ability in Minimally-Invasive vs Open Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF). Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Tampa, FL, March 6-8, 2003.

92) Isaacs, R.E., Aaronson, Sandhu, F.A. Fessler, R.G.: Percutaneous Thoracic Pedicle Screw Placement. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Tampa, FL, March 6-8, 2003.

93) Wirth, E.D., Fessler, R.G., Reier, P.J., Thompson, F.J., Behrman, A, Beard, J., Uthman, B., Vierck, C.J., Anderson, D.J. Neural Tissue Grafting in the Injured Spinal Cord: Two Year Follow Up. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, April 26-May 1, 2003.

94) Perez-Cruet, M. J., Sandhu, F.A., Santiago, P., Isaacs, R.., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Microendoscopic Thoracic Discectomy. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, April 26-May 1, 2003.

95) Fessler, R.G., LaFuente, J.D., Casey, A.T.H., Pointillart, V., Goffin, J., Kehr, P., Logroscino, C., Liebig, K., Lind, B., Calenbergh, F., van Loon, J. Bryan Cervical Disc: Two Year follow up. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, April 26-May 1, 2003.

96) Perez-Cruet, M.J., Sandhu, F.A., Kelly, K. Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Multi-level Decompressive Cervical Laminectomy. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, April 26-May 1, 2003.

97) Perez-Cruet, M., Santiago, P., Sandhu, F.A., Kelly, K., Fessler, R.G.: Accuracy and Safety of Percutaneous Pedicle Screw Placement for Degenerative Lumbar Disease. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, April 26-May 1, 2003.

98) Isaacs, R.E., Aaronson, O., Sandu, F.A., Santiago, P., Fessler, R.G. : Thoracic Microendoscopic Discectomy (TMED). American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, April 26-May 1, 2003.

99) Khoo, L.T.. Fessler, R.G.: A Comparison of Post-Operative Pain and Functional Ability in Minimally-Invasive vs Open Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF). American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, April 26-May 1, 2003.

100) Sandhu, F.A., Santiago, P., Palmer, S., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasiver Surgical Treatment of Lumbar Synovial Cysts. Congress of Neurological Surgery, Denver, CO, October 16-21, 2003.

101) Santiago, P., Sandhu, F.A., Fessler, R.G.: Microendoscopic Technique for the Management of Cervical Spinal Canal Stenosis. Congress of Neurological Surgery, Denver, CO, October 16-21, 2003.

102) Tredway, T., Santiago, P., Kim, B., Rice, L., Fessler, R.G.: Two level minimally-invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) with three arm sextant instrumentation. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. San Diego, CA, March 17-20, 2004.

103) Tredway, T., Santiago, P., Kim, B., Rice, L., Fessler, R.G.: Removal of far lateral herniated discs via a minimally invasive technique. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. San Diego, CA, March 17-20, 2004.

104) Tredway, T., Santiago, P., Kim, B., Lee, M., Fessler, R.G.: Resection of spinal intradural neoplasms via a minimally invasive technique. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. San Diego, CA, March 17-20, 2004.

105) Fessler, R.G.: Technique review for minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. TLIF: Indications and Techniques, Memphis, TN. April 1-2, 2004.

106) Fessler, R.G., Papadopoulos, S.M., Pointillart, V., Goffin, J, Heller, J.: Prospective Randomized, Multicenter Analysis of the Efficacy of Artificial Cervical Disc Prosthesis for the Relief of Cervical Radiculopathy. American Association of Neurological Surgery. Orlando, FL. May 1-6, 2004.

107) Fessler, R.G.: Clinical outcome following transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF): One year follow-up of prospective data. American Academy of Neurological Surgery. Joint Meeting of the German Academy of Neurosurgery and the German Society of Neurosurgery. Berlin/Dresden, Germany, October 3-5, 2004.

108) Rosen, D.S., Tredway, T.L., Hrubes, M., Rice, L., Fessler, R.G.: Microendoscopic Decompression for Stenosis (MEDS) in the Octogenerian Population. Congress of Neurological Surgery. October 18-21, 2004.

109) Tredway, T.L., Hrubes, M., Rosen, D.S., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (MI-TLIF) in Patients with Grand I or II Spondylolisthesis: Indications, Technique, Complications, and Results. Congress of Neurological Surgery. October 18-21, 2004.

110) Fessler, R.: Lumbar artificial prostheses: Does the rationale match the rhetoric? 13th Annual Rachidian Society Meeting, Kona, Hawaii, February 27-March 3, 2005.

111) Sikorski, C.W., Fessler, R.G.: Location of the Cervical transverse foramen in relation to the midline and lateral central canal. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Phoenix, AZ, March 9-12, 2005.

112) Musleh, W.Y., Tredway, T. L., Fessler, R.G., Curry, D.J.: Minimally Invasive Filum sectioning in the treatment of tethered cord syndrome: resolution of symptoms and improved uordynamics. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Phoenix, AZ, March 9-12, 2005.

113) Rice, L., Christie, S.P., Barua, M., Traynelis, V. Fessler, R.G.: Hardware Competence Following Multilevel Corpectomy. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, New Orleans, LA, April 16-21, 2005.

114) Christie, S.P., Brown, F., Fessler, R.G.: The Silent Disease: Cervical Stenosis in the Presence of Lumbar Stenosis. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, New Orleans, LA, April 16-21, 2005.

Peer Reviewed Abstracts and Posters - Regional
1) Jacob,R.P., Steck,J., Fessler,R.G.: Comparison of Anterior Decompression and Fusion vs. Posterior Decompression in 100 Patients with Cervical Spondylotic Myeloradiculopathy. Southern Neurosurgical Society. April, 1994.

2) Fessler,R.G., Wirth,E., Anderson,D., Reier,P.: Current treatments for Spinal Cord Injury. First Annual Jane Carvey Symposium to Support Spinal Cord Injury Research. Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL, November 24, 2000.

3) Fessler, R.G.: Update on Spinal Cord Injury Research. Annual Medical Staff meeting, Rush Medical School, Chicago, IL, April 18, 2001.

4) Fessler, R.G.: Human Spinal Cord Transplantation as a Potential Treatment for Syringomyelia. Department of Anesthesiology, Rush Medical School, Chicago, IL, June 14, 2001.

5) Fessler, R.G.: Artificial Disc Implantation. Elmhurst Hospital Continuing Education Seminars. Elmhurst, IL, April 27, 2002.

6) Rosen, D.S., Tredway, T., Kim, B.S., Fessler, R.G.: Microendoscopic Decompression of Stenosis (MEDS): Technique and Outcome. Eleventh Annual Huggins Research Conference, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, May 15, 2004.

7) Tredway, T. Santiago, P., Kim, B.S., Rice, L., Hrubes, M., Fessler, R.G: Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (MI-TLIF): Indications, Operative Technique, and Results. Eleventh Annual Huggins Research Conference, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, May 15, 2004.

8) Fessler, R.G.: Advances in Endoscopic Surgery of the Spine. Advances In Neuroscience Nursing, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, December 13, 2004.

Non-Peer-reviewed Articles
1) Meltzer.H.Y., Simonovic,M., Fessler,R.G., Fang,V.S.: Effect of d-and l-amphetamine on rat serum prolactin levels. Neuroscience Abstracts 3:351, 1977.

2) Meltzer,H.Y., Fessler,R.G., Simonovic,M., Fang,V.S.: Effect of indole hallucinogens, mescaline, and DMPEA on rat plasma prolactin. Federation Proceedings 35:984, 1977.

3) Fessler,R.G., Brown,F.D., Rachlin,J.R.: Clinical and Experimental uses of electrical brain stimulation. Proceedings of the American College of Engineering in Medicine and Biology 38:135, 1985.

4) Fessler, R.G. and Dietze, D.D.: Lateral Parascapular Approach to the Upper Thoracic Spine. Perspectives in Neurological Surgery 3(1):85- 105, 1992.

5) Fessler, R.G.: Approach to Spinal Surgery. Comprehensive Therapy 18(4):34-37, 1992.

6) Glasser, R.R. and Fessler, R.G.: Posterior Cervical Spine Fixation. Contemporary Neurosurgery 15(12):1-8, 1993.

7) Dietze, D.D. and Fessler, R.G.: Thoracic disc herniations. Neurosurgery Clinics of North America: 4:75-90, 1993.

8) Fessler, R.G.: Decision Making in Spinal Instrumentation. Clinical Neurosurgery 40:227-242, 1993.

9) Fessler,R.G., Cahill,D.W., Maroon,J.C., Mathews,H.H., Quigley, M.R.: Microdiscectomy for the Lumbar Spine. Perspectives in Neurological Surgery 5:73-90, 1995.

10) Fessler, R.G.: Spinal Instrumentation for Degenerative Disease. Clinical Neurosurgery 43:268-274, 1995.

11) MacMillan,M., Fessler,R.G., Gillespy,M., Montgomery,W.J.: Percutaneous lumbosacral fixation and fusion: Anatomical study and two experience with a new method. Clinical Neurosurgery 43:423-436, 1995.

12) Fessler, R.G.: Lateral Extracavitary Decompression and Posterior Instrumentation for a Thoracolumbar Burst Fracture. In: Controversies in Neurosurgery. Al-Mefty,O., Origitano, T.C., Harkey, H.L. (Eds.) Thieme Publishers, New York, pp. 308 - 310, 1996.

13) Fessler, R.G.: Outcome amalysis in lumbar spine instabilities/ degenerative disease. Clinical Neurosurgery 44: 297-304, 1996.

14) Brara,H.S. and Fessler,R.G.: The role of anterior lumbar interbody allograft bone dowel fusion as an adjunct to posterior segmental lumbar fixation. Clinical Neurosurgery, 30:528-533, 2000.

15) Frempong-Boadu, A.K. and Fessler, R.G.: Surgical Exposure of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine, Part II: Posterior Approaches. Contempory Neurosurgery 22(14):1-8, 2000.

16) Frempong-Boadu, A.K. and Fessler, R.G.: Surgical Exposure of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine, Part I: Anterior Approaches. Contempory Neurosurgery 22(13):1-7, 2000.

17) Khoo,K.M., Khoo,L.T., Fessler,R.G.: Lumbar Stenosis. SpineUniverse.com, October, 2000.

18) Guiot, B. and Fessler, R.G.: Complex atlantoaxial fractures. Yearbook of Neurology and Neurosurgery. Mosby-Year Book, Inc. 2001, In press.

19) Fessler,R.G., Johnson,D.L.*, Brown,F.D., Erickson,R.K., Reid,S.A., Kranzler,L.: Epidural lipomatosis in steroid treated patients. Yearbook of Orthopaedics, Mosby-Yearbook Chicago, 8 pages, In press.

20) Jacob,R.P., Mack,C., Fessler,R.G.: Pedicle screws: Biomechanics, Uses, and Current Assessment of Outcome. Neurosurgery Quarterly, 40 pages, In press.

21) Fessler, R.G.: Ethical Concerns Relating to Human Stem Cell Research: A Regulatory, Legal, and Theological Review. SpineLine, July-August:42-47, 2002.

22) Fessler, R.G.: Posterior Cervical Foraqminotomoy. Orthopedics Today, August,(supplement) pp. 3-4, 2002.

23) Fessler, R.G., Sandhu, F.A.: Minimalism: Is less more? Clinical Neurosurgery, 50: 220-227, 2003.

24) Klimo, P. Dailey, A.T., Fessler, R.G.: Posterior Surgical Approaches and Outcomes in Metastatic Spine-Disease. Neurosurgery Clinics of North America 15 (4):425-436, 2004.

Editorials and Comments
1) Fessler, R.G.: Forward. In: Do You really Need Back Surgery? A Surgeon's Guide to Neck and Back Pain: How to Choose the Right Treatment. Filler, A.G. Oxford University Press, 2004.

Video and Other Media
1) Perez, M., Isaacs, R., Samartzis, D., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally-invasive microendoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation. Scoliosis Research Society, Seattle, WA, 2002.

2) Perez, M., Isaacs, R., Samartzis, D., Fessler, R.G. : Microendoscopic decompression of lumbar stenosis. Congress of Neurological Surgery. Philadelphia, PA, September 22-26, 2002.

3) Perez, M. Isaacs, R. Samartzis, D. Fessler, R.G. : Minimally invasive microendoscopic thoracic discectomy. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Tampa, Florida, March 3-5, 2003.

4) Perez-Cruet, M.J., Samartzis, D., Fessler, R.G. : Thoracic microendoscopic discectomy. Presented at: 38th Annual Meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society; Quebec, Ontario, Canada September 11-13, 2003,

Books
1) Fessler, R.G. and Haid, R. (Eds.) Current Techniques in Spinal Stabilization. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 1996.

2) Fessler, R.G. (Ed.) Neurosurgery Clinics of North America: Percutaneous Spine Techniques. 7(1) W.B. Saunders & Co. January, 1996.

3) Fessler, R.G.: Neurosurgery Focus 4:2, 1998. Online journal guest editor.

4) Perez-Cruet, M. and Fessler, R.G. (Eds.): Outpatient Spinal Surgery. Quality Medical Publishing, Inc., St. Louis, MO, 2002.

5) Haid,R., Fessler,R.G., Alexander,J. (Eds.): Lumbar Interbody Fusion Techniques. Quality Medical Publishing, Inc., St. Louis, MO, 2002.

6) Eidelson, S.G., Fessler, R.G., Garfin, S.R., Richeimer, S.H., Rodts, G.E., Spinasanta, S.A.: Save Your Aching Back and Neck: Second Edition. SYA Press and Research, Inc. San Diego, CA,2002.

7) Fessler, R.G.: Neurosurgery Special Edition on Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery, 50(9): 2002. Guest Editor.

8) Fessler, R.G. and Sekhar, L.N. (Eds.) Atlas of Neurosurgical Techniques. Thieme Publishing, Inc. New York, NY. Anticipated publication, Spring 2004.

9) Kim, D. and Fessler, R.G. (Eds.): Techniques of Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery. Thieme Publishing, Inc. New York, NY, 2005.

10) Kambin, P. and Fessler, R.G. (Eds.): Atlas of Arthroscopic and Endoscopic Spinal Surgery. Lippincott Publ., Inc. Anticipated publication, 2005.

11) Kim, D., Fessler, R.G., Regan, J. (Eds): Endoscopic Spine Surgery and Instrumentation. Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. New York, NY. 2005.

12) Kim, D., Fessler, R.G., Cammisa, F.P.: Dynamic Reconstruction of he Spine. Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. New York, NY. Anticipated publication, 2006.

13) Fessler, R.G., Bean, J., Jacob, R. P., Mimran, R.I., Perez-Cruet, M.J., Sandhu, F.A. (Eds): Techniques in Microendoscopic Spine Surgery. Quality Medical Publishing, Inc., St. Louis, MO. 2005.

Books Chapters
1) Meltzer,H.Y., Fang,V.S., Fessler,R.G., Simonovic,M., Stanisic,D.: Neuroleptic stimulated prolactin secretion in the rat as an animal model of biological psychiatry: I. Comparison with antipsychotic activity. In: Animal Models in Psychiatry and Neurology, I. Hanin and E. Usdin (eds.) Pergamon Press, Oxford and New York, pp. 443- 445, 1977.

2) Meltzer,H.Y., Sturgeon,R.D., Simonovic,M., Fessler,R.G.: Phencyclidine as an indirect dopamine agonist. In: Domino, E.F., (ed.), PCP (phencyclidine): Historical and Current Perspectives, pp. 207-242, NPP Books, Ann Arbor, MI, 1981.

3) Brown,F.D., Fessler,R.G., Rachlin,J.R.*: Stimulation of the ventromedial hypothalamus as a potential therapy for morbid obesity. Brain stimulation and Neuronal Plasticity; Interface of Neurophysiology and DBS Clinical Application. (Ed.), Takashi Teubakawa, Tokyo, pp. 55-64, 1985.

4) Fessler, R.G.: Pharmacologic Forms of Treatment for Pain Sensation. In: Assessing Chronic Pain: A Multi-disciplinary Approach. (Ed.) Brown, F.D., Camic, P. Springer-Verlag, pp. 115-147, 1989.

5) Fessler, R.G.: Anatomy, Pharmacology and Physiology of Pain. In: Assessing Chronic Pain: A Multidisciplinary Approach. (Ed.) Brown, F.D., Camic, P.; Springer-Verlag, pp. 5-19, 1989.

6) Fessler, R.G. and Rhoton, A.L., Jr.: Chiari Malformation and Syringomyelia in Re-operative Neurosurgery (Ed.) Little, J.R., Awad, I.A. Williams & Wilkins, pp. 113-128, 1992.

7) Rhoton, A.L., Jr. and Fessler, R.G.: Surgical treatment of Chiari Malformation and Hydromyelia in Adults, in Wilson (Ed.): Neurosurgical Procedures: Personal Approaches to Classic Operations. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, pp. 169-187, 1992.

8) Zerick,W., Fessler,R.G., Cahill,D.W.: Spine Tumors: Evaluation and treatment. In: Tumors of the Spine (Ed.) Rea, G., Williams and Wilkins, pp. 75-89, 1994.

9) Fessler, R.G.: Surgical Approaches to tumors of the thoracic spine. In: Tumor of the spine (Ed.) Rea, G., Williams and Wilkins, pp. 7-22, 1994.

10) Fessler, R.G., Masson, R.L: Management of thoracic fractures. In: Menezes, A.H., Sonntag,V.K.H. (Ed.), Principles of Spinal Surgery McGraw-Hill, Inc., pp. 899-918, 1995.

11) Fessler, R.G.: Lateral extracavitary decompression and posterior instrumentation for a thoracolumbar burst fracture. In: Al-Mefty, O., Origitano, T.C., Harkey, H.L. (Eds.) Controversies in Neurosurgery. Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., New York, NY, pp. 308 - 310, 1995.

12) Fessler, R.G.: Lateral extracavitary and lateral extrapleural approaches to the thoracic and lumbar spine. Principles of Spinal Surgery (Ed.) Menezes, A.H., Sonntag, V.K.H., McGraw-Hill, Inc. pp. 1279-1292, 1995.

13) McCormack,B., Maber,D., Fessler,R.G.: Anterior Approaches to the Lumbar Spine. Principles of Spinal Surgery (Ed.) Meneges, A.H., Sonntag, V.K.H., McGraw-Hill, Inc. pp. 1293-1306, 1995.

14) Fessler, R.G. and Sturgill, M.: Texas Scottish Rite-Hospital Universal Systems for Stabilization of the thoracic and lumbar spine. Neurosurgery Second edition. Wilkins,R.H., Rengachary, S.S. (Ed.) McGraw-Hill, Inc. pp. 3009-3117, 1995.

15) Fessler, R.G. and Mack,C.: Benign Extradural Lesions of the Dorsal Spine. In: Youmans, J.R. (Ed.) Neurological Surgery W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp. 5019-5031, 1995.

16) Fessler, R.G. and Dietze, D.D.: Surgical Approaches to the Cervicothoracic Junction. In: Operative Neurosurgical Techniques, third edition (Ed.) Schmidek, H.H. and Sweet, W.H. W.B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia, PA, pp. 1875-1886, 1995.

17) Fessler, R.G., Locantro,J.: Indications and Techniques for Stabilization in degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. In: Tindall,G., Cooper,P., Barrow,D. The Practice of Neurosurgery. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, pp. 2521-2540, 1996.

18) McCormack,B., MacMillan,M., Fessler,R.G.: Management of thoracic, lumbar and sacral injuries. In: Practice of Neurosurgery (Ed.) Tindall,G.T., Cooper,P.R., Barrow,D.L., pp. 1721-1740, 1996.

19) Fessler,R.G., Dietze,D. Peace,D.: Upper thoracic spinal exposure through a lateral parascapular extrapleural approach. In: Rengachari, S.S., Wilkins, R.H.: Neurosurgical Operative Atlas. 4:173-182, 1996.

20) MacMillan,M., Fessler,R.G., Gillespy,M., Montgomery,W.J.: Percutaneous Lumbosacral Fixation and Fusion: Anatomic study and Two-Year Experience with a New Method. Neurosurgery Clinics of North America 7:99-106, 1996.

21) Steck,J.C., Fessler,R.G., Rojiani,A.M.: Intraspinal Nerve Sheath Tumors. In: Cancer of the Nervous System. Ed. Black, P.M., Loeffler, J.S. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Cambridge, MA, pp. 423-430, 1997.

22) Fessler,R.G., Sturgill,M.: Utilization of the Texas Scottish Rite Hospital Universal System for stabilization of the thoracic and lumbar spine. In: Fessler, R.G. and Haid, R. (Eds) Techniques of Spinal Stabilization. McGraw-Hill, pp. 273-288, 1996.

23) Papadopoulus, S. and Fessler, R.G.: The Thoracic Spine. In: Benzel,E. (Ed.), Spine Surgery: Techniques and Complication Avoidance and Management. Churchill Livingston, pp. 157-168, 1999.

24) Sturgill,M., Woodard,E., Fessler,R.G.: The Lumbar and Sacral Spine. In: Benzel,E. (Ed.), Spine Surgery: Techniques and Complication Avoidance and Management. Churchill Livingston, pp. 169-192, 1999.

25) Greenwald, D. and Fessler, R.G.: Surgical Approaches to the cervicothoracic junction and upper thoracic spine. In: Benzel, E.C. (Ed.) The Thoracic Spine. Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, MO, pp. 197-207, 1999.

26) Fessler, R.G. and Mericle, R.A. Lateral Extracavitary Approach to the Thoracolumbar Spine. In: Anterior Approaches in Spine Surgery. Zdeblick, T. (Ed.). Quality Medical Publishing, Inc. pp. 171-192, 1999.

27) Dickman, C.A. and Fessler, R.G.: Education and Credentialing for Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery. In: Thoracic Endoscopic Surgery Dickman, C.A. Rosenthal, D. (Eds). Thieme, Inc., New York, NY, pp. 19-27, 1999.

28) Guiot, B. and Fessler, R.G.: Endoscopic Discectomy. In: Operative Neurosurgery. Kaye, A.H. and McL.Black, P. (Eds.) Harcourt Brace, London, pp. 1093-1119, 1999.

29) Guiot, B. and Fessler, R.G.: Lumbar Endoscopic Discectomy. In: Advances in Clinical Neurosciences. Sinha, K.K., Chandra,P. (Eds.) Association of Neuroscientists of Eastern India, The Catholic Press. Rancii-834001, pp. 111-123, 1999.

30) Brara, S.S. and Fessler, R.G.: Basilar Invagination in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Use of Transoral Odontoidectomy. In: Controversies in Spine Surgery Benzel, E.C., Zdeblick, T.A., Stillerman, C.B. (Eds.) Quality Medical Publishing Company. pp.289-297, 1999.

31) Fessler, R.G.: Forward. Thoracic Endoscopic Surgery. Dickman, C., Rosenthal, D. (Eds.). Thieme, Inc. New York, NY, pp. ix-x, 1999.

32) Dietze, D.D. and Fessler, R.G.: Primary Reconstruction for Spinal Infections. In: Operative Neurosurgical Techniques. Schmidek H.H. (Ed.) W.B. Saunders Company, Orlando, FL, 2000.

33) Kim,D.H., Fessler,R.G., Dietze,D.D.: Surgical Approaches to the Cervicothoracic Junction. In: Operative Neurosurgical Techniques. Schmidek, H.H. (Ed.) W.B. Saunders Company, Orlando, FL, pp. 2017-2021, 2000.

34) Reier,P.J., Thompson,R.J., Fessler,R.G., Anderson,D.K., Wirth,E.D.: Spinal Cord Kinury and Fetal CNS Tissue Transplantation: An Initial Bench-to-Bedside Translational Research Experience. In: Nerve Regeneration Ingoglia, N., Murray M. (Eds.), Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York, NY, pp. 603-647, 2000.

35) Kim,D.H., Guiot,B., Fessler,R.G.: Principles of Spinal Fixation, Fusion, and Motion Segment Preservation. In: Neurosurgery: The Scientific Basis of Clinical Practice. Crockard, A., Hayward R., Hoff, J. (Eds.) Blackwell Science, Inc. London. pp. 1093-1119, 2000.

36) Ellis, T.L. and Fessler, R.G.: Evaluation, Management and Surgical Repair of thoracolumbar Spinal Column Trauma. In: Principles of Neurosurgery (Second edition). Grossman, R.G. and Loftus, C.M. (Eds). Lippincott-Raven Publishers. Philadelphia. In Press.

37) Mendel, E. and Fessler, R.G.: Transpedicular decompression for thoracic disc herniation. In: Controversies in Spine Surgery. Zdeblick,T., Benzel,E., Stillerman, C. Anderson, P. (Eds). Quality Medical Publishing, Inc. In Press.

38) Burchiel, K.J., Anderson, V.C., Wilson, B.J., Brown, F.D., Erickson, R.K., Fessler, R.G., Friedman, W.A., Pelofsky, S.,Weiner, R.L., Shatin, D.: Outcome measures of pain relief in spinal cord stimulation recipients. In Press.

39) Zipfel, G.J., Guiot, B.H., Fessler, R.G.: Bone Grafting. Neurosurgical Focus. Submitted.

40) Fessler, R.G.: Posterior Cervical Approaches: Arthrodesis/Instrumentation, Occipital Wire Placement. Tricks of the Trade In Spine Surgery. (Vaccaro, A.R. and Albert, T.J., Eds.) Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. N.Y., N.Y. In Press.

41) Fessler, R.G.: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Alograft Bone Dowel Fusion: History and Overview. In: Lumbar Interbody Fusion Techniques: Cages, Dowels, and Grafts. Haid, R., Fessler, R.G., (Eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, Inc. St. Louis, Mo. Pp. 81-86, 2002.

42) Tolentino, P. and Fessler, R.G.: Posterior Lumbar Instrumentation. In: Youman's Neurological Surgery, 5th edition, Winn, H.R. (Ed.) W.B. Saunders, Inc. Philadelphia, PA, pp 4731-4742, 2004.

43) Fine, A.D., Shafron, D., Fessler, R.G.: Benign lesions of the dorsal spine. In: Youman's Neurological Surgery, 5th edition, Winn, H.R. (Ed.) W.B. Saunders, Inc. Philadelphia, PA, pp. 4491-4506, 2004.

44) Khoo, L.T., Laich, D.T., Fessler, R.G.: Posterior Cervical Microendoscopic Foraminotomy (MEF). In: Perez-Cruet, M., Fessler, R.G. (Eds.) Outpatient Spinal Surgery. Quality Medical Publishing, Inc. pp. 71-94, 2002.

45) Khoo, L.T., Khoo, K.M., Fessler, R.G.: Endoscopic Lumbar Saminotomy for Stenosis. In: Perez-Cruet, M., Fessler, R.G. (Eds.) Outpatient Spinal Surgery. Quality Medical Publishing, Inc. pp. 197-216, 2002.

46) Khoo, L.T. and Fessler, R.G.: Cervical Endoscopic Foraminotomy. In: Fessler, R.G., Sekhar, L.N. (Eds.) Atlas of Neurosurgical Techniques. Thieme Publishers Inc. In Press.

47) Khoo, L.T., Kim, A.K., Fessler, R.G.: Posterior Fixation of the Cervicothoracic Junction. In: Papadopoulos, S. (Ed.) Fixation of the Cervical Spine. Cervical Spine Study Group., In Press.

48) McCafferty, R., Leonard, M.A., Fessler, R.G., Perez-Cruet, M.J.: Single level Anterior Cervical Microdiscectomy. (In) Perez-Cruet, M., Fessler, R.G. (Eds.) Outpatient Spinal Surgery. Quality Medical Publishing, Inc. pp. 107-122, 2002.

49) Khoo, L.T., Samartzis, D., Fessler, R.G.: Percutaneous Vertebroplasty In: Neurosurgery Third edition. Wilkins,R.H., Rengachary, S.S. (Ed.) McGraw-Hill, Inc. In Press.

50) Isaacs, R.E. and Fessler, R.G.: The Lumbar and Sacral Spine. In: Spinal Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management, Second Edition. Benzel, E. C. (Ed.). Harcourt, Inc. Orlando, FL, In Press.

51) Isaacs, R.E. and Fessler, R.G.: Microendoscopic Discectomy. In Atlas of Endoscopic Spine Surgery, Second Edition. Regan, J. and Lieberman, I. (Eds.) Quality Medical Publishing, Inc. St. Louis, MO, In Press.

52) Isaacs, R.E., Rice-Wyllie, L., Fessler, R.G.: Lumbar Microendoscopic Discectomy. In: Spine and Spinal Cord Surgery, Zileli, M., Ozer, A. F. (Eds.). Basim Yeri Meta Basim Matbaacilik Hizmetleri, Bornova, Izmir, 2002.

53) Isaacs, R.E., Rice-Wyllie, L., Fessler, R.G.: Microendoscopic Discectomy. In: Save Your Aching Back: A Patients Guide. Eidelson, S. (Ed.). SMA Publishers, Boca Raton, FL. 2002, pp 103-114.

54) Fessler, R.G.: Occipital Wire Placement. In: Spine Surgery: Tricks of the Trade. Vaccaro, A. and Albert, T. (Eds.). Thieme Publishers, Inc. New York, NY. In Press.

55) Kim, D.H. and Fessler, R.G.: Instrumentation for Spinal Procedures. In: Textbook of Neurologicqal Surgery, Batjer, H., Loftus, C. (Eds.) Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, PA. pp.825-839, 2003.

56) Kim, D., Beck, C.E., Dietze, D.D., Fessler, R.G.: Surgical Approaches to the Cervicothoracic Junction. In: Operative Neurosurgical Techniques, Volume 4., Schmidek, H. (Ed.). W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, PA. Pp. 2107-2121,2000.

57) Fessler, R.G.: Intrathecal Opoids III: Intrathecal Drug Delivery Systems. In: Pain Surgery Burchiel, K (Ed.) Thieme Inc. New York, NY. In Press.

58) Chang, S.D., Kim, D.H., Roh, S.W., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Surgery in the Cervical Spine: Posterior cervical microendoscopic laminoforaminotomy for decompression or discectomy. In: Textbook of Neurological Surgery. Batjer, H.H. and Loftus, C.M. (Eds.) Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, pp. 2177-2180, 2003.

59) Kim, D.H., Oyelese, A.A., Fessler, R.G.: Lateral Extracavitary Approaches to the Thoracolumbar Spine. In: Textbook of Neurological Surgery. Batjer, H.H. and Loftus, C.M. (Eds.) Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, pp. 2038-2045, 2003.

60) Oyelese, A.A., Kim, D.H., Fessler, R.G.: Posterior Approaches to the Thoracic Spine. In: Textbook of Neurological Surgery. Batjer, H.H. and Loftus, C.M. (Eds.) Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2028-2037, 2003.

61) Glasser, R.S. and Fessler, R.G., Biomechanics of Cervical Trauma. In: Neurotrauma (Eds.) Narayan, R.K. Wilberger, J.E., Povlisbock, J.T. McGraw-Hill, Inc. pp. 1095-1112,1996.

62) Tredway, T.L., Munoz, L.F., Wellington, R.L., Fessler, R.G.: Spinal Neurosurgery. In: Textbook of Neurointensive Care, Layon, J., Gabrielli, A., Friedman, W. (Eds.) W.B. Saunders, Inc. pp. 235-268, 2004.

63) Perez-Cruet, M., Fessler, R.G.: Endoscopic Cervical Foraminotomy and Discectomy. In: Progress in Neurological Surgery: Advances in Spinal Stabiliation, Haid, R.W., Subach, B.R., Rodts, G.E. (Eds.). In Press.

64) Fessler,R.G., Woodard,E., Dawson, E.: The Lumbar and Sacral Spine. In: Benzel,E. (Ed.), Spine Surgery: Techniques and ComplicationAvoidance and Management 2nd. Edition. Churchill Livingston, In Press.

65) Sandhu, F.A., Thompson, G., Perez-Cruet, M.J., Fessler, R.G.: Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty: An Overview. In: Resnick, D., Barr, J. Garfin, S. (Eds.), Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty, Thieme, New York, NY. PP 1-10, 2005.

66) Sandhu, F.A., Fessler, R.G.: Update of Minimally Invasive Techniques for Cervical Spine Surgery. In: Haid, R., Subach, B., Rodts, G. (Eds.) Progress in Neurological Surgery: Advances in Spinal Stabilization. Karger Publ., New York, NY. In Press.

67) Isaacs, R.E., Perez-Cruet, M., Fessler, R.G.: Complications of Treatments for L1 Burst Fractures. In: Techniques in Neurosurgery: Thoracolumbar Trauma, Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. In Press.

68) Isaacs, R.E., Fessler, R.G., Woodard, E.J., Dawson, E.: The Lumbar and Sacral Spine. In: Benzel, E.C. (Ed.) Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Churchill-Livingston, Inc. In Press.

69) Papadopoulos, S. Fessler, R.G., Dekutosski, M.: The Thoracic Spine & Thoracolumbar Junction. In: Benzel, E.C. (Ed.) Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Churchill-Livingston, Inc. In Press.

70) Lieberman, I., Fessler, R.G., Facziewski, T.: Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty. In: Benzel, E.C. (Ed.) Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Churchill-Livingston, Inc. In Press.

71) Lieberman, Il Fessler, R.G., Regan, J.: Minimally Invasive Spinal Decompression and Stabilization Techniques: The Thoracic Spine. In: Benzel, E.C. (Ed.) Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Churchill-Livingston, Inc. In Press.

72) Isaacs, R.E., Perez-Cruet, M.J., Fischer, B.A., Moretti, T., Fessler, R.G.: Thoracoscopic Biopsy of Spinal and Paraspinal Lesions. In: Spinal Cord and Spinal Column Tumors: Principles and Practice. Dickman, C., Fehlings, M., Gokaslan, Z. (Eds.). Thieme, Inc. New York, NY, In Press.

73) Klimo, P., Schmidt, M.H., Fessler, R.G.: Nerve Sheath Tumors of the Spine. In: Cancer of the Nervous System, Second Edition. McL. Black, P., Loeffler, J.S. (Eds.) Lipincott, Williams, ad Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. pp. 453-464, 2005.

74) Sandhu, F.A., Fessler, R.G.: Endoscopic Posterior Cervical Foraminotomy and Discectomy. In An Anatomical Approach to Minimal Access Spinal Surgery Perez-Cruet, M.J., Khoo, L.T., Fessler, R.G. (Eds.) Quality Medical Publishers, St. Louis, MO. In Press.

75) Sandhu, F.A., Isaacs, R.E., Fessler, R.G.: Posterior Cervical Microendoscopic discectomy/Foraminotomy. In. Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery: The Spine. Bradford, D.S., Zdeblick, T.A., (Eds.). Lippincott Williams, and Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA, pp 101-110, 2004.

76) Santiago, P., Fessler, R.G.: Spinal Cord Trauma. In: Neurology in Clinical Practice, 4th Edition. Bradley, W.G.,Daroff, R.B., Fenichel,G.M.., Jankovic, J. (Eds.), Elsevier Science, Philadelphia, PA. pp. 1149-1178, 2004.

77) Sandhu, F.A., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion. In: Endoscopic Spine Surgery and Instrumentation. Kim, D.H., Fessler, R.G., Regan, J. (Eds.), Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., New York, NY. Pp 265-280, 2004

78) Sandhu, F.A., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery. In: Best New Technologies in Spine and Pain Management from A to Z. Eidelson, S.G. (Ed). Reliable Informative Medical Publications. San Diego, CA, 2004.

79) Isaacs, R.E., Perez-Cruet, M.., Fessler, R.G.: Posterior Thoracolumbar Stabilization. In: Spine and Spinal Cord Surgery, Zileli, M., Ozer, A. F. (Eds.). Basim Yeri Meta Basim Matbaacilik Hizmetleri, Bornova, Izmir, 2002.

80) Refai, D., Sandhu, F., Frempong-Boadu, A., Fessler, R.G.: Endoscopic-Assisted Transoral Odontoidectomy. In: Endoscopic Spine Surgery and Instrumentation. Kim, D.H., Fessler, R.G., Regan, J. (Eds.) Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. New York, NY. Pp 41-47, 2004.

81) Santiago, P., Fessler, R.G.: Lumbar Microendoscopic Laminoforaminotomy and Discectomy. In: Endoscopic Spine Surgery and Instrumentation. Kim, D.H., Fessler, R.G., Regan, J. (Eds.) Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. New York, NY. Pp 230-240, 2004.

82) Tredway, T.L., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (MI-TLIF) and Lateral Mass Fusion with MetRx System. In: Surgical Techniques in Spinal Instrumentation. Kim, D.H., Vaccaro, A., Fessler, R.G. (Eds.) Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. New York, NY. Pp. 1024-1037, 2005.

83) Lee, M.C., Mislow, J., Fessler, R.G.: Primary Reconstruction for Spinal Infections. In: Operative Neurosurgical Techniques, 5th Edition, Schmidek, H. (Ed.). Saunders Company, Philadelphis, PA, In Press.

84) Tredway, T.L., Rosen, D.S., Fessler, R.G.: The Codman Anterior Cervical Plate (ACP) System. In: Surgical Techniques of Spinal Instrumentation, Kim, D.H., Vaccaro, A.R., Fessler, R.G. (Eds). Thieme Publishers, Inc. New York, NY. Pp. 90-98, 2005.

85) Samartzis, D., Perez-Cruet, M. Fessler, R.G : Microendoscopic Cervical Laminectomy. In : Perez-Cruet, M.J., Khoo, L.T., Fessler, R.G. (Eds.) An Anatomical Approach to Minimal Access Spinal Surgery. Quality Medical Publishing, Inc. St. Louis, MO. In Press.

86) Sandhu, F.A., Christie, S., Song, J., Khoo, L.T., Laich, D., Fessler, R.G.: Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Interbody Fusion. In: Spinal Enstrumantasyon, S. Naderi (Ed.) META Basim Matbaacilik Hizmetleri, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey. Pp. 293-307, 2004.

87) Fessler, R.: Vertebroplasty vs Kyphoplasty. In: Spinal Enstrumantasyon, S. Naderi (Ed.) META Basim Matbaacilik Hizmetleri, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey. Pp. 277-292, 2004.

88) Tredway, T.L., Fessler R.G.: Lumbar Microendoscopic Discectomy. In: Arthroscopic and Endoscopic Spinal Surgery: Text and Atlas. P. Kambin (Ed). Humana Press, Inc. Totowa, NJ Pp 359-376, 2005.

89) Song, J., Christie, S., Fessler, R.G.: Lateral parascapular approach to the upper thoracic spine. In: Neurosurgical Operative Atlas 2E: Spine and Peripheral Nerves Woffla, C. and Resnick, D. (Eds.). Thieme, Inc. New York, NY. In Press.

Articles Written by Richard G. Fessler, MD, PhD

Video: Microendoscopic Spinal Surgery

Dr. Richard Fessler, a pioneer in minimally invasive spine surgery, explains the various techniques. He discusses microendoscopic spinal surgery in this video.

Pre-operative Steps to Spinal Surgery

Most patients who undergo spinal surgery have weeks or months to prepare for their procedure. It's important to learn as much as you can about your spine surgery. In this article, you will learn about the pre-operative steps to help you prepare for your procedure.

Lumbar Discectomy: Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

This article gives a step-by-step overview of what happens during lumbar microdiscectomy surgery, which is a minimally-invasive surgical procedure used to treat herniated discs.

Lower Back Pain Treatments

Lower back pain treatments overview from a spine specialist: medications, physical therapy, and spine surgery. What will help with your low back pain?

Low Back Pain Diagnosis

5 steps to a lower back pain diagnosis: What will the doctor do to find out what's causing your pain? Article written and reviewed by spine surgeons.

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Treated Using Minimally Invasive Microsurgical Techniques

Read this article from spine surgeons on microendoscopic laminectomy, a minimally invasive spine surgery option for spinal stenosis. Should you have it, or open spine surgery?

Lumbar Discectomy: Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Back pain and sciatica may result from a herniated disc. Learn what happens when a disc ruptures and what non-surgical and surgical treatments are available.

Vertebroplasty: A Case Study

Compression fractures (osteoporosis) may be treated using a procedure called vertebroplasty. This article helps patients to know what to expect and includes a case study.

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery: Lumbar Discectomy

Post operative care and what to expect at home following a Micro Endoscopic Discectomy (MED) procedure for treatment of a herniated disc.

Case Studies Presented by Richard G. Fessler, MD, PhD

Severe Back Pain with Radiation Around Right Abdomen

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD
Spine case from Richard G. Fessler, MD, PhD, a neurosurgeon: The patient is a 39-year-old male who presents with severe back pain that radiates around right abdomen to just below the navel.

Left C5-C6 Foraminal Disc Herniation

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD
The patient is a male over 60 years of age, who reports that he had an episode of extremely severe right arm and hand pain beginning approximately 3 months ago. That pain was initially treated with a collar and pain medication but, with no relief. Epidural injections were then attempted and did provide temporary pain relief.

Neck Pain with Radiation into Right Radial Arm

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD

How would you treat this? The patient is a 43-year-old female with neck pain with radiation into the right radial arm, thumb and first finger, and ulnar forearm into small and ring finger. Richard G. Fessler, MD, PhD, presents this spine surgery case.

Foreign Diplomat with Neck Pain and Right C6 and C7 Radiculopathies

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD

A 59-year-old male who is a foreign diplomat presents with neck pain and right C6 and C7 radiculopathies.

T5 Burst Fracture from MVA

Can the patient ever return to farming?
Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD

The patient is a 52-year-old female. Six months before presenting in the clinic, she was involved in a motor vehicle accident (MVA). She now can’t work her farm because of her back pain.

Lumbar Degenerative Scoliosis in a 69-year-old Female

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD

The patient is a 69-year-old Asian female who presents with progressively more severe low back pain.

Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease in a Basketball Player

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD

This young man's chances for a professional career as a basketball player is jeopardized by low back pain.

Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease in a 37-year-old Male

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD

The patient previously underwent lumbar microendoscopic discectomy two years ago and was doing very well until he fell down a flight of stairs.

Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease: History of Low Back Pain

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD

The patient is a 62-year-old make with a three year history of low back pain that prevents normal activities. Although leg pain is minimal, it is increased with activity and decreases when lying down

Constant, Nonradiating Low Back Pain

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD

Although the patient has reported intermittent low back pain during years past, now her pain has become constant but does not radiate.

Competitive Equestrienne: Incapacitating Low Back Pain

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD

Case about a 32-year-old female equestrienne with incapacitating low back pain unresponsive to non-surgical care.

Cervical Radiculopathy: Classic Case?

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD

The patient is a 45-year-old male with a 3-month history of neck, shoulder and arm pain.

Cervical Degenerative Disease

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD

This 67-year-old male presented with neck pain with mild radiation into both shoulders. He had slight difficulty with tandem gait.

Gait and Balance Difficulties in a 76-Year-old Male

Presented by: R. Fessler MD, PhD

The patient is a 76-year-old male whose gait is broad-based and unsteady; he cannot tandem walk.

Articles Reviewed by Richard G. Fessler, MD, PhD

CHARITÉ? Artificial Disc and Degenerative Disc Disease

Although conventional treatment for a severely degenerated disc is spinal fusion, artificial disc replacement is becoming an alternative option.

Chamomile: German and Roman (English)

Chamomile is an extremely versatile herbal remedy. Treatments include; common cold, slow-healing wounds, psoriasis, eczema, diaper rash, chickenpox, and burns from cancer radiation therapy.

Slideshow Herniated Disc Slideshow

Facts about a Common Spinal Disorder

This slideshow provides quick facts and useful information about herniated discs. Learn the stages of disc herniation, along with some of the unlikely causes and effective treatments for this common spinal disorder.

Alpha-Linolenic Acid (ALA)

Alpha-linolenic acid is the parent substance of omega-3 fatty acids which regulate blood pressure, blood clotting, heart rate, blood vessel dilation, the immune response, and the break down of fats.

5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP)

5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) is an amino acid that is beneficial in treating depression, obesity, insomnia, fibromyalgia, migraines, and headaches.

Tyrosine

Tyrosine aids in the function of the adrenal, thyroid, and pituitary glands. A deficiency of tyrosine can result in depression, hypothyroidism, low blood pressure, low body temperature, and restless leg syndrome.

Stinging Nettle

Stinging Nettle is an herbal remedy used to treat eczema, gout, anemia, arthritis, and rheumatism.

Milk Thistle

Milk Thistle is an herb that can be used to treat liver disorders (hepatitis, cirrhosis). This herb stimulates production of new liver cells, benefits adrenal disorders and inflammatory bowel syndrome.

Bilberry

Bilberry is an herbal remedy that can be used to improve circulation,treat hemmorroids and varicose veins and can help control blood clots.

Blackcohosh

Black Cohosh is an herbal remedy that can help in lowering blood pressure and cholesterol and is helpful for circulatory and women's health.

Comfrey

Comfrey is an herbal remedy that can be used to help with bedsores, stings, bruises, burns, dry skin, dermatitis, leg ulcers, rashes, and sunburn.

Feverfew

Feverfew is an herbal remedy that can help alleviate migraine, stimulate appetite,increase the fluidity of lung and bronchial mucus, pain, muscle tension, menstrual difficulties, and rheumatic diseases.

Grape Seed Extract

Grape Seed Extract is an herbal remedy known to reduce swelling, improve blood circulation, protect the body physically and mentally.

Goldenseal

Goldenseal as an herbal remedy cleanses the body, counters infection, and strengthens the immune system.

Licorice

Licorice is an herbal remedy known to cleanse the colon, relieve bronchitis (increase fluidity of mucus), kill staph and strep infections, control Candida, relieve rheumatism and arthritis (inflammatory disorders), and promote adrenal gland function.

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SpineUniverse, a Vertical Health, LLC website, is committed to ensuring that the medical information it presents is accurate, balanced, objective, and trustworthy. 

To help achieve this goal, SpineUniverse requires all authors, editors, and reviewers to disclose any financial relationships or affiliations they have with companies whose products or services may be mentioned in the content they author, edit, or review.

The intent of this policy is to identify any perceived, potential, or real conflicts of interest so that readers can make their own judgments about the value of information being presented.

Author's Statement

I, or an immediate family member, have a financial interest(s) or affiliation(s) with the following commercial companies whose products and / or services may be mentioned in the materials I have authored, edited or reviewed for presentation on Vertical Health, LLC’s websites.

Disclosed Relationships

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Medtronic
Consultant
Medtronic, Stryker
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