Curtis A. Dickman, MD's portrait
Curtis A. Dickman, MD
Neurosurgeon
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, AZ

About Curtis A. Dickman, MD

Dr. Dickman is the Director of Spinal Research and Associate Chief, Spine Section, Division of Neurological Surgery at the Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix, AZ. He is also Clinical Associate Professor in the Division of Neurosurgery at the University of Arizona College of Medicine and a member of the Master's and Doctoral Supervisory Committees in the Department of Chemical, Biomechanical and Materials Engineering at Arizona State University Graduate College in Tempe, AZ.

While in medical school, Dr. Dickman received the Arizona Medical Student Research Fellowship. Following his medical degree from the University of Arizona, he completed his internship at the Phoenix Integrated Surgical Residency, his residency training at the Barrow Neurological Institute and a spine fellowship at the University of Florida, Gainsville.

Dr. Dickman is a Visiting Professor in many of this country's leading medical institutions, including Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York, Emory University in Georgia, Loyola University in Illinois, University of Utah in Salt Lake City, Colorado Neurological Institute in Denver, and the University of Miami in Florida.

Certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgery and by the National Board of Medical Examiners, Dr. Dickman is also a member of numerous prominent medical societies, including the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, American Medical Association, Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Cervical Spine Research Society, Joint Section of Spinal Disorders and Peripheral Nerves, and the North American Spine Society. He has held senior leadership positions in several of these societies.

Dr. Dickman serves as Deputy Editor for the journal Spine, and he is a reviewer for the journals Neurosurgery, Surgical Neurology and Neurological Focus. He is also a member of the Editorial Board for NeuroOrthopedics and Contemporary Neurosurgery.

Scientific research is a major component of Dr. Dickman's work, and he has participated in numerous laboratory and clinical research projects, as well as contributed to various medical inventions and product development projects. He has published hundreds of scientific articles, book chapters, and abstracts and has given several hundred scientific presentations at national and international meetings.

When not helping patients or contributing to spinal research, Dr. Dickman is an accomplished triathlete.

Publications

*Refereed Journals

1. *Dickman CA, Blask DE, Stockmeier: Parathyroidectomy-Pinealectomy Induced Seizures: Effects of Intersurgical Length. Experimental Neurology 88:538-543, 1985.

2. *Hadley MN, Dickman CA, Browner CM, Sonntag VKH: Acute Traumatic Atlas Fractures: Management and Long-Term Outcome. Neurosurgery 23 (1): 31-35, 1988.

3. Dickman CA, Rekate H, Shetter A, Sidell A: Posterior Rhizotomy for the Treatment of Spasticity. BNI Quarterly 4 (2): 20-22, 1988.

4. *Dickman CA, Zabramski JM, Sonntag VKH, Coons S: Myelopathy due toEpidural Varicose Veins of the Cervicothoracic Junction: Case report. J Neurosurg 69: 940-941, 1988.

5. *Dickman CA,Sonntag VKH, Johnson PC, Medina M: Amyloidoma of the Cervical Spine: Case report. Neurosurgery 22 (2): 419-422, 1988.

6. *Sonntag VKH, Hadley MN, Dickman CA, Browner CM: Atlas Fractures: Treatment and Long-Term Results. Acta Neurochir 43: 63-68, 1988.

7. *Dickman CA, Hadley MN, Browner C, Sonntag VKH: Neurosurgical Managment of Acute Atlas-Axis Combination Fractures: A review of 25 cases. J Neurosurg 70: 45-49, 1989.

8. *Dickman CA, Rekate HL, Bird CR, Drayer BP, Medina M: Unenhanced and Gadolinium-DTPA-Enhanced MR Imaging in Postoperative Evaluation in Pediatric Brain Tumors. J Neurosurg 71; 49-53, 1989.

9. Hadley MN, Browner CM, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Compression Fractures of the Thoracolumbar Junction: A Treatment Algorithm based on 110 cases. BNI Quarterly 5 (3): 10-19, 1989.

10. *Coons S, Johnson PC, Dickman CA, Rekate H: Familial Choroid Plexus Carcinoma. A Study by Light and Electron Microscopy with Ki-67 Immunocytochemistry. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 48 (4): 483-493, 1989.

11. Dickman CA, Harrington TR, Sonntag VKH, Drayer BP, Bird CR: Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis of Disk Space Infection. BNI Quarterly 5 (2): 14-18, 1989.

12. *Hadley MN, Dickman CA, Browner CM, Sonntag VKH: Acute Axis Fractures. A review of 229 cases. J Neurosurg 71: 642-647, 1989.

13. *Dickman CA, Rekate HL, Sonntag VKH, Zabramski JM: Pediatric Spinal Trauma: Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord Injuries in Children. Review article. Pediatr Neurosci 15: 313-316, 1989.

14. *Dickman CA, Gilbertson D, Pittman H, Rekate HL, Sonntag VKH, Dailey WRJ: Tension Hydrothorax From Intrapleural Migration of a Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt. Pediatr Neurosci 15: 313-316, 1989.

15. Dickman CA, Olivero W, Manwaring K, Coons S, Johnson PC, Etzl MM Jr., Bernes SM: Primary Leptomeningeal Malignant Melanoma in a Child: Case report. BNI Quarterly 6 (1): 15-18, 1990.

16. *Dickman CA, Shedd SA, Spetzler RF, Shetter AG: Spinal Epidural Hematoma Associated with Epidural Anesthesia: Complications of Systemic Heparinization in Patients Receiving Peripheral Vascular Thrombolytic Therapy. Anesthesiology 72: 947-950, 1990.

17. *Dickman CA, Hadley MN, Pappas CTE, Sonntag VKH, Geisler F: Cruciate Paralysis: A Clinical and Radiographic Analysis of Injuries to the Cervicomedullary Junction. J Neurosurg 73: 850-858, 1990.

18. Dickman CA, Douglas R, Sonntag VKH: Occipitocervical Fusion: Posterior Stabilization of the Craniovertebral Junction and Upper Cervical Spine. BNI Quarterly 6 (2): 2-14, 1990.

19. *Carter LP, Grahm TW, Zabramski JM, Dickman CA, Lopez LJ, Tallman DH, Spetzler RF: Postoperative Monitoring of Cerebral Blood Flow in Patients Harboring Intracranial Aneurysms. Neurolog Res 12: 214-218, 1990.

20. *Papadopoulos SM, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Atlantoaxial Stabilization in Rheumatoid Arthritis. J Neurosurg 74: 1-7, 1991.

21. *Papalopoulos SM, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Rekate HL, Spetzler RF: Traumatic Atlanto-Occipital Dislocation with Survival. Neurosurgery 28 (4): 574-579, 1991.

22. *Dickman CA, Papadopoulos SM, Sonntag VKH, Hadley MN: The Interspinous Method of Posterior Atlantoaxial Arthrodesis. J Neurosurg 74: 190-198, 1991

23. *Dickman CA, Carter LP, Baldwin HZ, Harrington T, Tallman D: Continuous Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Monitoring in Acute Craniocerebral Trauma. Neurosurgery 23 (3): 467-472, 1991.

24. *Dickman CA, Zabramski JM, Hadley MN, Rekate HL, Sonntag VKH: Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiographic Abnormalitites. Report of 26 cases and review of the literature. J Spinal Disorders 3 (4): 296-305, 1991.

25. *Dickman CA, Mamourian A, Sonntag VKH, Drayer BP: Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Transverse Atlantal Ligament for the Evaluation of Atlantoaxial Instability. J Neurosurg 75: 221-227, 1991.

26. Spetzler RF, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Transoral Approach to the Anterior Cervical Spine. Contemp Neurosurg 13, (9): 221-227, 1991.

27. Herman JM, Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Fram EK: The Role of Magnetic Resonance and Conventional Angiography in the Detection of Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis: Case report. BNI Quarterly 7 (4): 2-5, 1991.

28. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Marcotte P: Techniques of Screw Fixation for the Upper Cervical Spine. BNI Quarterly 8 (2): 9-26, 1992.

29. *Dickman CA, Locantro J, Fessler RG: The Influence of Transoral Odontoid Resection on Stability of the Craniovertebral Junction. J Neurosurg 77 (5): 525-530, 1992.

30. *Dickman CA, Fessler RG, MacMillan M, Haid R: Transpedicular Screw-Rod Fixation of the Lumbar Spine. Operative Technique and Outcome Among 104 Cases. J Neurosurg 77 (6): 860-870, 1992.

31. Dickman CA: Pediatric Spinal Trauma. Neurosurgical Consultations 3 (26): 1-8, 1992.

32. *Dickman CA, Zabramski JM, Rekate HL, Sonntag VKH: Pediatric Spinal Cord Injuries Without Radiologic Abmormalities. West J Med 58(1): 158-159, January 1993.

33. *Mamourian A, Dickman CA, Drayer BP, Sonntag VKH: Spinal Epidural Abscess: Three Cases Following Spinal Epidural Injection Demonstrated with Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Anesthesiology 78 (1): 204-207, 1993.

34. Brya C, Dickman CA, Carter LP: Brown-Sequard Syndrome From an Osteochondroma of the Axis. BNI Quarterly 9 (1):18-20, 1993.

35. Pappas CTE, Dickman CA, Herman JM, White WL, Baldree M: Bipolaris Sphenoid Mucopyocele: Three cases and literature review. BNI Quarterly 9 (2): 68-72, 1993.

36. *Marcotte P, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Posterior Atlantoaxial Facet Screw Fixation. J Neurosurg 79 (2): 234-237, 1993.

37. *Dickman CA, Papadopoulos SM, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF, Rekate HR: Traumatic Occipitoatlantal Dislocation. J Spinal Disorders 6 (4):300- 313, 1993.

38. *Greene KA, Dickman CA, Smith KA, Kinder EJ, Zabramski JM: Self-Inflicted Orbital and Intracranial Injury with a Retained Foreign Body Associated with Psychomotor Depression. Surg Neurol 40: 499-503, 1993.

39. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Wire Fixation for the Cervical Spine: Biomechanical Principals and Surgical Techniques. BNI Quarterly 9 (4): 17-26, 1993.

40. Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH, Koeneman JB: In Vitro Cervical Spine Biomechanical Testing. BNI Quarterly 9(4): 17-26, 1993.

41. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Marcotte P: Techniques of Screw Fixation for the Upper Cervical Spine. BNI Quarterly 9 (4): 27-39, 1993.

42. Dickman CA, Maric Z: Biology of Bone Healing and Techniques of Spinal Fusion. BNI Quarterly 10 (1): 2-12, 1994.

43. Mamourian AC, Dickman CA, Wallace R, Drayer BP, Sonntag VKH: Magnetic Resonance Appearance of the Transverse Ligament: An In Vitro and In Vivo Anatomical and Imaging Study. BNI Quarterly 10 (1): 27-30, 1994.

44. Maric Z, Dickman CA: Instrumentation for Posterior Fixation of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. BNI Quarterly 10 (1): 18-26, 1994.

45. Marciano F. Green K, Mattingly G, Dickman CA: Halo Brace Immobilization of the Cervical Spine: A Review of Principles and Application Techniques. BNI Quarterly 10 (1): 13-17, 1994.

46. Greene KA, Dickman CA, Marciano FF, Coons SW, Rekate HL: Pathology and Management of Choroid Plexus Tumors. BNI Quarterly 10 (2):13-21, 1994.

47. *Dickman CA, Yahiro MA, Lu HTC, Melkerson MN: Surgical Treatment Alternatives for Fixation of Unstable Fractures of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine: A Meta-Analysis. Spine 19 (20s): 2266s - 2273s, 1994.

48. *Yuan HA, Garfin SR, Dickman CA,Mardjetko SM: A Historical Cohort Study of Pedicle Screw Fixation in Thoracic, Lumbar and Sacral Spinal Fusions. Spine 19 (20s): 2279s-2296s, 1994.

49. Vardiman A, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: The Modified Anterolateral Retropharyngeal Approach to the Craniovertebral Junction: Anatomic and Practical Considerations. BNI Quarterly 10 (3): 36-34, 1994.

50. *Greene K, Dickman CA, Marciano FF, Drabier J, Drayer B, Sonntag VKH: Transverse Atlantal Ligament Disruption Associated with Odontoid Fractures. Spine 19 (20): 2307-2314, 1994.

51. *Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Tominaga T, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH: Morphology and Kinematics of the Baboon Upper Cervical Spine. A model of the Atlantoaxial Complex. Spine 19 (22):2518-2523, 1994.

52. *Gofinos JG, Dickman CA, Zabramski JM, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF: Repair of Vertebral Artery Injury During Anterior Cervical Decompression. Spine 19 (22): 2552-2556, 1994.

53. *Greene K, Marciano FF, Dickman CA, Coons SW, Johnson PC, Bailes JE, Spetzler RF: Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm Paraparesis Syndrome: Clinical Manifestations and Pathological Correlates: Neurology 45:45-50, 1995.

54. *Tominaga T, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Coons S: The Comparative Anatomy of the Baboon and Human Cervical Spine. Spine 20 (2):31-137,1995.

55. *Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH: Biomechanical Effects of Transoral Odontoidetomy. Neurosurgery 36 (6):1146-1153, 1995.

56. Dickman CA, Ronderos JF, Sonntag VKH: Stabilization of the Craniovertebral Junction in Rheumatoid Arthritis. Part I: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Surgical Criteria. Contemp Neurosurg 17 (12):1-6, 1995.

57. Dickman CA, Ronderos JF, Sonntag VKH: Stabilization of the Craniovertebral Junction in Rheumatoid Arthritis. Part II: SurgicalTechniques.Contemp Neurosurg 17 (12):1-6,1995.

58. *Lawton MT, Porter R, Heiserman JE, Jacobowitz R, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Surgical Management of Spinal Epidural Hematomas: The Relationship Between Surgical Timing and Neurological Outcome. J Neurosurg 83:1-7, 1995.

59. Marciano FF, Greene K, Apostolides PJ, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Pharmacologic Managment of Spinal Cord Injury. BNI Quarterly 11 (2): 2-11, 1995.

60. *Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Surgical Management Strategies for Atlantoaxial Nonunions. J Neurosurg 83: 248-253, 1995.

61. Flores A, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Idiopathic Spinal Epidural Lipomatosis: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature. BNI Quarterly 11 (3): 22-25, 1995.

62. *Crawford NR, Brantley AGU,Dickman CA, Koeneman EJ: An Apparatus for Applying Pure Nonconstraining Moments to Spine Segments In-Vitro. Spine 20 (19): 2097-2100, 1995.

63. *Dickman CA, Foley KT, Sonntag VKH, Smith MM: Cannulated Screws for Odontoid Screw Fixation and Atlantoaxial Transarticular Screw Fixation. J Neurosurg 83: 1095-1100, 1995.

64. Dickman CA, Marciano FF: C1-C2 Wiring Techniques. Techniques in Neurosurgery 1 (2):96-101,1995.

65. *Greene KA, Karahalios D, Marciano FF, Dickman CA, Spetzler RF: Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia Associated with Vascular Compression and Choroid Plexus Papilloma. BRJ Neurosurg 9:809-814,1995.

66. *Dickman CA, Greene KA, Sonntag VKH: Injuries Involving the Transverse Atlantal Ligament: Classification and Treatment Guidelines Based Upon Experience With 39 Injuries. Neurosurgery 38(1):44-59,1996.

67. *Dickman CA, Mican CA: Multilevel Anterior Thoracic Discectomies and Anterior Interbody Fusion Using A Microsurgical Thoracoscopic Approach. J Neurosurg 84:104-109, 1996.

68. *Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Karahalios DG, Paramore CG, Mican CA, Apostolides PJ, Lorenz R, Sonntag VKH: Thoracic Vertebrectomy and Reconstruction Using a Microsurgical Thoracoscopic Approach. Neurosurgery 38(2);279-293,1996.

69. Dickman CA, Mican CA: Thoracoscopic Approaches for the Treatment of Anterior Thoracic Spinal Pathology. BNI Quarterly 12(1):4-19,1996.

70. *Paramore CG, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Radiographic and Clinical Follow-Up Review of Caspar Plates in 49 Patients. J Neurosurg 84:957-961,1996.

71. *Romanelli DA, Dickman CA, Porter RW, Haynes RJ: Comparison of Initial Injury Features In Cervical spine Trauma C3-C7: Predictive Outcome with Halo Vest Management. J Spinal Disorders 9(2):146-149,1996.

72. Apostolides PF, Vishteh G, Dickman CA, Koopot R, Sonntag VKH: Anterior Surgical Approaches to the Cervicothoracic Spine. Techniques in Neurosurgery 1(4):230-239,1996.

73. *Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Paramore CG: Biomechanical Characteristics of C1-2 Cable Fixations. J Neurosurg (85):316-322,1996.

74. *Paramore CG, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: The Anatomical Suitability of the C1-2 Complex for Transarticular Screw Fixation. J Neurosurg (85):221-224, 1996.

75. * Apostolides PJ, Dickman CA, Golfinos JG, Papadopoulos SM, Sonntag VKH: Threaded Steinmann Pin Fusion of the Craniovertebral Junction. Spine21(14):1630-1637,1996.

76. Vardiman AB, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Thoracic Spine Instrumentation. Techniques in Neurosurgery 1(4):240-256, 1996.

77. Theodore N, Dickman CA: Current Management of Thoracic Disc Herniation. Contemp Neurosurg 18(19):1-7,1996.

78. * Ronderos JF, Jacobowitz R, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Comparative Pullout Stength of Tapped and Untapped Pilot Holes for Bicortical Anterior Cervical Screws. Spine 22 (2):167-170, 1997.

79. Levi ADO, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA, Mather J, Li RH, Cordoba SC, Bichard B, Berens M: The Role of Cultured Schwann Cell Grafts in the Repair of Gaps within the Peripheral Nervous System of Primates. Experimental Neurology 143:25-36,1997.

80. *Crawford NR, Dickman CA: Construction of Local Vertebral Coordinate Systems Using a Digitizing Probe -Technical Note. Spine 22,(5):559-563,1997.

81. * Broc GG, Crawford NR, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Effects of Transthoracic Microdiscectomy. Spine 22, (6): 605-612, 1997.

82. * Dickman CA, Papadopoulos SM, Crawford NR, Brantley AGU, Gealer RL: Comparative Mechanical Properties of Spinal Cable and Wire Fixation Systems. Spine 22, (6):596-604,1997.

83. * Levi A, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Management of Postoperative Infections After Spinal Instrumentation. J Neurosurg (86):975-980,1997.

84. Konstantinov D, Levi A, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Odontoid Screw Fixation. BNI Quarterly 13(2):14-19,1997.

85. Dickman CA: Internal Fixation and Fusion of the Lumbar Spine Using Threaded Interbody Cages. BNI Quarterly 13(3):4,1997.

86. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Russell JC: The Laparoscopic Approach for Instrumentation and Fusion of the Lumbar Spine. BNI Quarterly 13(3):26,1997.

87. *Greene KA, Dickman CA, Marciano FF, Drabier JB, Hadley MN, Sonntag VKH: Acute Axis Fractures: Analysis of Management and Outcome in 340 Consecutive Cases. Spine 22 (16):1843-1852,1997.

88. *Choi WG, Vishteh AG, Baskin JJ, Marciano FF, Dickman CA: Completely Dislocated Hangman's Fracture with a Locked C2-3 Facet. J Neurosurg (87):757-760,1997.

89. *Song GS, Theodore N, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Unilateral Posterior Atlantoaxial Transarticular Screw Fixation. J Neurosurg (87):851-855,1997.

90. *Dickman CA: Laparoscopic L5-S1 Fusion. Techniques in Neurosurg Volume 3(4):270-274,1997.

91. *Dickman CA, Theodore N, Baskin JJ: Microsurgical Endoscopic Approaches for Thoracic Discectomy and Vertebrectomy. Techniques in Neurosurg Volume 3(4):289-300,1997.

92. *Dickman CA, Apfelbaum RI: Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Excision of Thoracic Schwannoma. Neurosurg Focus 4(2):1998.

93. *Dickman CA, Apfelbaum RI: Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Excision of a Thoracic Schwannoma. J Neurosurg 88:898-902,1998.

94. *Levi AD, Choi WG, Keller PJ, Heiserman JE, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: The Radiographic and Imaging Characteristics of Porous Tantalum Implants Within the Human Cervical Spine. Spine Volume 23(11):1245-1250,1998.

95. *Levi AD, Choi WG, Keller PJ, Heiserman JE, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: The Radiographic and Imaging Characteristics of Porous Tantalum Implants Within the Human Cervical Spine. Spine 23(11):1245-1251,1998.

96. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Posterior C1-2 Transarticular Screw Fixation for Atlantoaxial Arthordesis. J Neurosurg 43(2), 275-281,1998.

97. *Rosenthal D, Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Excision of Herniate Thoracic Discs. J Neurosurg 89, 224-235,1998.

98. *Vishteh AG, Sonntag VKH, Apostolides PJ, Dickman CA: Anterolateral Thoracic and Lumbar Screw Plate Fixation. Neuro-Orthopedics. Springer-Verlag, 23, 29-44,1998.

99. *Naderi S, Crawford NR, Song GS, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Comparison of C1-C2 Posterior Fixations. Spine 23(18),1946-1956,1998.

100. *Visocchi M, Masferrer R, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Approaches to the Thoracic Spine. Acta Neurochirurgica 140,737-744,1998.

101. *Crawford NR, Peles JD, Dickman CA: The Spinal Lax Zone and Neutral Zone: Measurement Techniques and Parameter Comparisons. Journal of Spinal Disorders 11(5),416-429,1998.

102. Vardiman AB, Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Heiserman JE, Thompson BG: Cervical Myelopathy from Dilated Epidural Veins: Case Report of Intracranial Outflow Obstruction Treated with a Sigmoid Sinus-to-Internal Jugular Vein Bypass. BNI Quarterly 14(3),13-17,1998.

103. Vishteh AG, Dickman CA: Bullet Extracted from the Craniovertebral Junction via a Transoral Approach. BNI Quarterly 14(3),25,1998.

104. Chen TY, Dickman CA, Eleraky M, Sonntag VKH: The Role of Decompression for Acute Incomplete Cervical Spinal Cord Injury in Cervical Spondylosis. Spine 23(22),2398-2403,1998.

105. Detweiler PW, Porter RW, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Laparoscopic Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Contemporary Neurosurgery 20(24),1-6,1998.

106. *Hurlbert RJ, Crawford NR, Choi WG, Dickman CA: A Biomechanical Evaluation of Occipitocervical Instrumentation. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine 20(1),84-90,1999.

107. *Vishteh AG, Crawford NR, Melton MS, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Stability of the Craniovertebral Junction after unilateral Occipital Condyle Resection: A Biomechanical Study. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine 20(1),91-98,1999.

108. *Crawford NR, Yamaguchi GT, Dickman CA: A New Technique for Determining 3-D Joint Angles: The Tilt/Twist Method. Clinical Biomechanics 14,153-165,1999.

109. *Vishteh AG, Beals SP, Joganic EF, Reiff JL, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF: Bilateral Sagittal Split Mandibular Osteotomies as an Adjunct to the Transoral Approach to the Anterior Craniovertebral Junction. J Neurosurg 90(4),267-270,1999.

110. *Fehlings MG, Rao SC, Tator Ch, Skaf G, Arnold P, Benzek E, Dickman CA, Cuddy B, Green B, Hitchon P, Northrup B, Sonntag VKH, Wagner F, Wilberger J: The Optimal Radiologic Method for Assessing Spinal Canal Compromise And Cord Compression in Patients with Cervical Spinal Cord Injury. Spine 24(6),605-613,1999.

111. *Rosenthal D, Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Excision of Herniated Thoracic Discs. Neurosurgical Focus 6(5),1999.

112. *Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Regan JJ: Reoperation for Herniated Thoracic Discs. Neurosurgical Focus 6(5),1999.

113. * Naderi S, Crawford NR, Melton M. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Analysis of Cranial Settling After Transoral Odontoidectomy. Neurosurgical Focus 6(6),1999.

114. Cosan TE, Coons SW, Dickman CA, Gulec S, Tel E: An Experimental Granuloma Model in Rat Spinal Cord. BNI Quarterly 15(2), 22-25,1999.

115. Naderi S, Crawford NR, Melton MS, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Analysis of Cranial Settling After Transoral Odontoidectomy. BNI Quarterly 15(3),4-10,1999.

116. *Eleraky MA, Apostolides PJ, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Herniated Thoracic Discs Mimic Cardiac Disease: Three Case Reports. Acta Neurochir 140(7),643-646,1999.

117. *Crawford NR, Hurlbert RJ, Choi WG, Dickman CA: Differential Biomechanical Effects of Injury and Wiring at C1-C2. Spine 24(18),1894-1902,1999.

118. *Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Regan JJ: Reoperation for Herniated Thoracic Discs. J Neurosurg 91(2),157-162,1999.

119. *Hann PP, Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Surgical Resection of Thoracic Neurogenic Tumors. Neurosurgical Focus 7(5),1999.

120. *Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Correction and Placement of Anterior Instrumentation for Scoliotic Deformity: Case Report. Neurosurgical Focus 7(5),1999.

121. *Dickman CA, Mican CA: Multilevel Anterior Thoracic Discectomies and Anterior Interbody Fusion by Using a Microsurgical Thoracoscopic Approach: Case Report. Neurosurgical Focus 7(5),1999.

122. *Detweiler PW, Porter RW, Crawford NR, Apostolides PJ, Dickman CA: Lumbosacral Junction Fixation and Fusion After Complete L5 Spondylectomy: Case Report. Neurosurgical Focus 7(6),1999.

123. Porter RW, Detwiler PW, Lawton MT, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Postoperative Spinal Epidural Hematomas: Longitudinal Review of 12,000 Spinal Operations. BNI Quarterly 16(1),10-17,2000.

124. Dickman CA, Das K, Kalfas I, Rodts G: Case Problems Conference: Thoracic Spinal Cord Hernia. Neurosurgery 46(6),1408-1415,2000.

125. Detwiler PW, Porter RW, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Laparoscopic Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Contemporary Spine Surgery 1(6),2000.

126. *Sawin PD, Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Melton MS, Bichard WD, Sonntag VKH: The Effects of Dexamethasone on Bone Fusion in an Experimental Model of Posterolateral Lumbar Spinal Arthrodesis. J Neurosurg: Spine 94,76-81,2001.

127. *Crawford NR, Cagli S, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanics of Grade I Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis. Part 1: In vitro model. J Neurosurg: Spine 94,45-50,2001.

128. *Cagli S, Crawford NR, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanics of Grade I Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis. Part 2: Treatment with Threaded Interbody Cages/Dowels and Pedicle Screws. J Neurosurg: Spine 94,51-60,2001.

129. *Chen TY, Crawford NR, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Effects of Progressive Anterior Cervical Decompression. Spine 26(1),6-13,2001.

130. Duggal N, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Fusion Options and Indications in the Lumbosacral Spine. Contemporary Neurosurgery 23(1),2001.

131. Bartolomei J, Henn JS, Lemole GM, Lynch J, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Application of Frameless Stereotaxy to Spinal Surgery. BNI Quarterly 17(1),35-43,2001.

132. *Vishteh AG, Dickman CA: Anterior Lumbar Microdiscectomy and Interbody Fusion for the Treatment of Recurrent Disc Herniation. Neurosurgery 48(2),334-338,2001.

133. *Lerman JA, Dickman CA, Haynes RJ: Pentration of Cranial Inner Table with Garner-Wells Tongs. Journal of Spinal Disorders 14(3),2001.

134. Adams MS, Crawford NR, Chamberlain RH, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical comparison of anterior cervical plating and combined anterior/lateral mass plating. The Spine Journal 1(3),166-170,2001.

135. *Han PP, Gottfried ON, Kenny KJ, Dickman CA: Biportal Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy: Surgical Techniques and Clinical Results for the Treatment of Hyperhidrosis. Neurosurgery 50(2)306-312,2002.

136. * Dickman CA: 2001 Chairmans Address: Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves: Embracing the Global Spine Community. Spine 27(4)341-342,2001.

137. * Han PP, Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Resection of Thoracic Neurogenic Tumors. J Neurosurg (Spine 3)96:304-308,2002.

138. Dickman CA, Gerber M,: Posterior Screw-Plate Fixation of the Cervicothoracic Junction with Cervical Lateral Mass and Thoracic Transverse Process Screws: Case Report.BNI Quarterly 18(1)20-22,2002.

139. * Crawford Neil, Duggal Neil, Chamberlain, Park Sung,SonntagVKH, Dickman CA: Unilateral Cervical Facet Dislocation: Injury Mechanism and Biomechanical Consequences. Spine 27(17)1858-1864,2002.

140. *Guest James, Eleraky Mohammed, Apostolides PJ, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Traumatic Central Cord Syndrome: Results of Surgical Management.J Neurosurg (97)25-32,2002.

141. Rogers, CL, Theodore N, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Thomas Terry, Lam Simon, Speiser BL: Surgery and Permanent 125 I Seed Paraspinal Brachytherapy for Malignant Tumors With Spinal Cord Compression. Int. J. Radiation Oncology Biol. Phys (54)2,505-513,2002.

142. *Han PP, Kenny Kathy, Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Approaches to the Thoracic Spine: Experience with 241 Surgical Procedures. Neurosurgery (51)2:88-95,2002.

143. *Burkus KJ, Gornet MF, Dickman CA, Zdeblick TA: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using rhBMP-2 with Tapered Interbody Cages. Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques (15)5, 337-349,2002.

144. *Gonzalez FL, Crawford N, Chamberlain RH, Garza LE, Preul MC, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Craniovertebral Junction Fixation with Transarticular Screws: Biomechanical Analysis of a Novel Technique. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine (98)2,202-209,2003.

145. Ames CP, Nottmeier EW, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Targeted Tissue Engineering in Spinal Surgery. The Bone Morphogenetic Proteins: Past, Present Future. BNI Quarterly (19)1, 4-16,2003.

146. Nottmeier EW, Ames CP, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA, Papadopoulos SM: The Application of Image Guidance to Challenging Spinal Surgery Cases. BNI Quarterly (19)1,17-25, 2003.



Books Edited

1. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH: Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme Medical Publishers, 1998.

2. Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Perin N: Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme Medical Publishers, 1999.

3. Dickman CA, Rosenthal D: Video Atlas of Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Theime Medical Publishers, 1997

4. Dickman CA, (Guest Editor): Spinal Endoscopy Issue, Techniques in Neurosurgery. Lippincott-Raven Press, Volume 3 (4), December 1997.

5. Dickman CA, (Associate Editor): Year Book of Neurology and Neurosurgery. Mosby, 2002


Book Chapters Published

1. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: High Cervical and Occipitocervical Stabilization. Rengachary S, Wilkins R (eds): Neurosurgical Operative Atlas. AANS, Baltimore, Maryland, Williams & Wilkins, pp 327-339, 1991.

2. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury. In Piepmeir JM (ed): Outcome Following Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury. Mount Kisco, New York, Futura Publishing Co., pp 139-171, 1992.

3. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Treatment of Upper Cervical Spine Injuries. Spinal Trauma: Current Evaluation and Management. Rea GL, Miller CA (eds): AANS Publications, pp 25-74, 1993.

4. Dickman CA, Rekate HL: Pediatric Spinal Trauma. In Eichelberger MH (ed): Pediatric Trauma, Prevention, Acute Care, Rehabilitation. Mosby Year Book, pp 362-377, 1993.

5. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: The Intensive Care Management of Spinal Cord Injury. In Andrews BT (ed): Neurosurgical Intensive Care. New York, McGraw Hill, pp 243-249, 1993.

6. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Operative Management of Occipitocervical and Atlantoaxial Instability. Holtzman RN, Farcy J, McCormick P, (eds): Spinal Instability. Springer-Verlag, pp 255-294, 1993.

7. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Craniovertebral Stabilization. Clinical Neurosurgery. Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Baltimore, Maryland, Williams and Wilkins, pp 243-272, 1993.

8. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Occipitocervical Instrumentation. Hitchon PW, Traynelis VC, Rengachery S, (eds): Techniques in Spinal Fusion and Stabilization. Thieme Medical Publishers, pp 243-272,1993.

9. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Cervical Spine Fusion. In Salcman M (ed): Annual of Neurosurgery. Philadelphia, Current Medicine, Chapter 13, 1993.

10. Haid RW, Dickman CA: Instrumentation and Fusion for Discogenic Disease of the Lumbosacral Spine. In Winn HR, Maybert MR (eds): Hadley MN, Sonntag VKH (guest eds): Neurosurgery Clinics of North America. Surgical Treatment of Discogenic Disease of the Spine. Philadelphia, PA, W. B. Saunders, 4 (1), January 1993.

11. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Surgical Techniques for the Stabilization of the Cervical Spine. Schmidek HH, Sweet WH (eds): Operative Neurosurgical Techniques. Philadelphia, PA, W.B. Saunders Co., pp 1849-1873, 1995.

12. Dickman CA: Commentary: Thoracic Discectomy and Fusion. Regan JF, McAfee PC, Mack MF, (eds): Atlas of Endoscopic Spine Surgery. St. Louis, Missouri, Quality Medical Publishing, pp 186-187,1995.

13. Ronderos JF, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Posterior Instrumentation of the Cervical Spine. Youmans JR, (ed): Youmans Neurological Surgery Fourth Edition. Philadelphia, PA, W.B. Saunders Co., vol3, pp 2297-2314,1995.

14. Dickman CA, Marciano FF: Principles and Techniques of Screw Fixation of the Cervical Spine. Menezes AH, Sonntag VKH, (eds): Principles of Spinal Surgery. New York, McGraw-Hill, pp 123-140,1996.

15. Dickman CA, Greene KA: Treatment of Atlas Fractures. Menezes AH, Sonntag VKH, (eds): Principles of Spinal Surgery. New York, McGraw-Hill, pp 855-870,1996.

16. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA, Vardiman A: Anterior Odontoid Screw Fixation. Menezes AH, Sonntag VKH, (eds): Principles of Spinal Surgery. New York, McGraw-Hill, pp 1039-1050,1996.

17. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Posterior Occipital C1-2 Instrumentation. Menezes AH, Sonntag VKH, (eds): Principles of Spinal Surgery. New York, McGraw-Hill, pp 1067-1080,1996.

18. Dickman CA, Golfinos JG: Penetrating Spinal Injury. Tindall GT, Cooper PR, Barrow DL, (eds): The Practice of Neurosurgery. Baltimore, Maryland, Williams and Wilkins, pp 1741-1756,1996.

19. Dickman CA, Marciano FF: Use of the Halo Brace for Traumatic Instability of the Cervical Spine. Al-Mefty O, Origitano TC, Harkey HL (eds): Controversies in Neurosurgery. Thieme Medical Publishers, pp294-302,1996.

20. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Odontoid Screw Fixation. Fessler RG, Haid RW, (eds): Current Techniques in Spinal Stabilization. McGraw Hill, pp 3-12,1996.

21. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Wiring Techniques for Occipitocervical and Atlantoaxial Pathology. Fessler RG, Haid RW, (eds): Current Techniques in Spinal Stabilization. McGraw Hill, pp 45-55,1996.

22. Dickman CA, Zerick W: Cervical, Thoracic, and Lumbar Orthoses. Narayan RK, Wilberger JE, Povlishock JT (eds): Neurotrauma. McGraw Hill, pp1139-1148,1996.

23. Dickman CA, Karahalios DG: Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery. Loftus CM (ed): Clinical Neurosurgery Volume43, Williams & Wilkens, pp392-422,1997.

24. Karahalios DG, Apostolides PJ, Vishteh AG, Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery. Mayberg MR, Winn HR, Vollmer DG (eds): Neurosurgery Clinics of North America Philadelphia, PA, W.B. Saunders Co., Volume 8 (4) pp555-573,1997.

25. Dickman CA: Endoscopy for Thoracic Spine Disease. King WA, Frazee JG, De Salles AAF (eds): Endoscopy of the Central and Peripheral Nervous System New York, NY, Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., pp172-197,1997.

26. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Occipitocervical and High Cervical Fusion. Wilkins RH, Rengachary SS (eds): Neurosurgery. Mc Graw Hill, Second Edition, pp 2939-2952,1996.

27. Dickman CA, Apostolides PJ, Karahalios DG: Surgical Techniques for Upper Cervical Decompression and Stabilization. Grady MS, Howard MA, Hlavin M, Osenbach RS (eds): Clinical Neurosurgery Volume 44, Williams & Wilkens, pp137-160,1997.

28. Dickman CA, Crawford NR: Biomechanics of the Craniovertebral Junction. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp 59-80,1998.

29. Dickman CA, Greene KA, Sonntag VKH: Traumatic Injuries of the Craniovertebral Junction. Dickman CA, Speztler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp175-196,1998.

30. Lawton MT, Spetzler RF, Dickman CA: Overview of Surgical Approaches to the Craniovertebral Junction. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp351-354,1998.

31. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH, Apostolides PJ: Transoral Approach to the Craniovertebral Junction. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp355-370,1998.

32. Vardiman AB, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Modified Anterolateral Retropharyngeal Approach to the Craniovertebral Junction. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp419-432,1998.

33. Dickman CA: Biology of Spinal Fusion. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (ed): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp685-698,1998.

34. Dickman CA: Techniques of Bone Graft Harvesting and Spinal Fusion. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp699-710,1998.

35. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: General Principles of Spinal Screw Fixation. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp 711-712,1998.

36. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Odontoid Screw Fixation. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp719-734,1998.

37. Apostolides PJ, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Anterior Atlantoaxial Facet Screw Fixation. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp 735-738,1998.

38. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Posterior Atlantoaxial Transarticular Screw Fixation. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of theCraniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp739-748,1998.

39. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Cannulated Screw Techniques for the Upper Cervical Spine. Dickman CA, Spetzle RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertbral Junction. Thieme, pp749-760,1998.

40. Dickman CA: Occipitocervical Screw Plates. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp761-768,1998.

41. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: General Principles of Spinal Wire and Cable Fixation. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp769-782,1998.

42. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Posterior Atlantoaxial Wiring Techniques. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp783-794,1998.

43. Apostolides PJ, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Occipitocervical Wiring Techniques. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH (eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp795-808,1998.

44. Dickman CA: Halifax Clamps. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH(eds): Surgery of the Craniovertebral Junction. Thieme, pp809-814,1998.

45. Dickman CA, Hurlbet RJ: Cannulated Screws for Odontoid and Atlantoaxial Transarticula Screw Fixation. Rengachary SS, Wilkins RH (eds): Neurosurgical Operative Atlas. The American Association for Neurological Surgeons, Volume 7, pp29-42,1998.

46. Dickman CA, Apostolides PJ, Marciano FF: Transoral Approach to the Craniovertebral Junction. Zdeblick TA (ed): Anterior Approaches to the Spine. Quality Medical Publishing, Inc., pp1-14,1998.

47. Crawford NR, Dickman CA: Cervical Spine Stability. Yoganandan N (ed): Frontiers in Head and Neck Trauma. IOS Press, pp539-567,1998.

48. Naderi S, Eichler ME, Dickman CA, Stillerman CB, Benzel EC: Spinal Instrumentation: Construct Design Strategies. Benzel EC, Stillerman CB (eds): The Thoracic Spine. Quality Medical Publishing, Inc., pp270-279,1998.

49. Yoganandan N, Dickman CA, Halliday A, Benzel E: Practical Anatomy and Fundamental Biomechanics. Benzel E, (ed): Spine Surgery. Churchhill Livingstone, pp93-118,1999.

50. Dickman CA: General Principles of Thoracoscopy. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp7-18,1999.

51. Dickman CA, Fessler RG: Education and Credentialing for Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp19-26,1999.

52. Dickman CA, Perin NI: Instrumentation and Equipment for Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp27-48,1999.

53. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ: Thoracoscopic Access Strategies: Portal Placement Techniques and Portal Selection. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp107-124,1999.

54. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI: Spinal Exposure and Pleural Dissection Techniques. Dickman CA, Rosenthal Dj, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp12-142,1999.

55. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI: Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Discectomy. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp221-244,1999.

56. Dickman CA, Apfelbaum RI: Thoracoscopic Resection of Intrathoracic Neurogenic Tumors. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp245-270,1999.

57. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ: Thoracoscopic Corpectomy. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp271-292,1999.

58. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ: Thoracoscopic Spinal Reconstruction Techniques. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp293-322,1999.

59. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI: Future Directions for Spinal Thoracoscopy. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp355-360,1999.

60. Perin NI, Dickman CA, Papadopoulos SM, Rosenthal DJ: Perioperative Management for Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp87-94,1999.

61. Rosenthal DJ, Dickman CA: Operating Room Setup and Patient Positioning. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp95-106,1999.

62. Papodopoulos SM, Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp143-160,1999.

63. Rosenthal DJ, Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Internal Fixation Techniques. Dickman CA, Rosenthal DJ, Perin NI (eds): Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Thieme, pp323-354,1999.

64. Dickman CA, Detwiler PW, Porter RW: Endoscopic Spine Surgery. Clinical Neurosurgery. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pp526-553,2000.

65. Baskin JJ, Sawin PD, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Surgical Techniques for Stabilization of the Subaxial Cervical Spine. Schmidek & Sweet (eds): Operative Neurosurgical Techniques. W.B. Saunders Company, pp2075-2104, 2000.

66. Dickman CA Detwiler PW, Porter RW: The Role of Pedicle Screw Fixation for Lumbar Spinal Stabilization and Fusion. Howard MA, Elliott JP, Haglund MM, McKhann GM (eds): Clinical Neurosurgery (47). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pp495-513, 2001.

67. Zubay GP, Dickman CA: Diagnosis and Treatment of Atlas Fractures. Batjer HH, Loftus CM (eds): Textbook of Neurological Surgery (2). Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, pp 1743-1755, 2003.

68. Gerber M, Vishteh GA, Baskin JJ, Dickman CA, Sonntag VK: Fractures of the Second Cervical Vertebra. Batjer HH, Loftus CM (eds): Textbook of Neurological Surgery (2). Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, pp 1755-1764, 2003.

69. Baskin JJ, Apostolides PJ, Dickman CA, Sonntag VK: Posterior Atlantoaxial and Occipitocervical Fixation and Fusion Techniques. Batjer HH, Loftus CM (eds): Textbook of Neurological Surgery (2). Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, pp 1743-1755, 2003.


Published Abstracts

1. Dickman CA, Harrington TR, Carter LP, Tallman D: Continuous Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Monitoring and Intracranial Pressure Monitoring in Acute Craniocerebral Trauma. Neurosurgery 26: 711, 1990.

2. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Papadopoulos SM, Hadley MN: The Interspinous Method of Posterior Atalantoaxial Arthrodesis. J Neurosurg 74: 363A, 1991.

3. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Papdoppoulos SM, Hadley MN: The Interspinouse Method of Posterior Atlantoaxial Arthrodesis. In Crowell RM (ed): Key Neurology and Neurosurgery. Chicago, IL, Mosby Year Book, 1991.

4. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Papadopoulos SM, Hadley MN: The Interspinous Method of Posterior Atlantoaxial Arthrodesis. In Crowell RM (ed): 1992 Year Book of Neurology and Neurosurgery. Chicago, IL, Mosby Year Book, pp 323-324, 1992.

5. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Papadopoulos SM, Hadley MN: The Interspinous Method of Posterior Atlantoaxial Arthrodesis. J Spinal Disorders 4 (3): 380, 1991.

6. Dickman CA, Mamourian A, Sonntag VKH, Drayer BP: Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Transverse Atlantal Ligament: Assesment of Upper Cervical Instability. J Spine Disoreders 4 (3): 391-392, 1991.

7. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Operative Managment of Occipitocervical and Atlantoaxial Instability. J Spinal Disorders 5 (1): 144-145, 1992.

8. Dickman CA, Fessler RG, MacMillan M, Haid RW Jr.: Transpedicular Screw Fixation of the Lumbar Spine. J Neurosurg 76: 371A, 1992.

9. Dickman CA, Rekate HL, et al: Unenhanced and Gadolinium-DTPA- Enhanced MR Imaging in Postoperative Evaluation Pediatric Brain Tumors. 1991 Year Book of Diagnostic Radiology. St. Louis, C.V., Mosby Year Book, 1991.

10. Dickman CA: Clinical Opinion: Lumbar Stenosis with Osteoporotic Compression Fracture and Neurogenic Claudication. J Spinal Disorders 6 (3): 272, 1993.

11. Greene KA, Marciano FF, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Drabier J: Prospective Evaluation of Stability of Traumatic Atlas Fractures. J Neurotrauma 10 (suppl): 1994.

12. Golfinos JG, Marciano FF, Greene KA, Casano S, Dickman CA: Association of Cervical Spine Fracture with Civilian Gunshot Wound of the Head: Review of 108 cases. Orthopedic Transactions 18(3): 714, 1994.

13. Dickman CA, Greene KA, Sonntag VKH: Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Transverse Atlantal Ligament in Atlas Fractures. Orthopedic Transactions 8 (3): 715, 1994.

14. Greene KA, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Odontoid Fractures Associated with Transverse Ligament Disruption. Orthopedic Transactions 18 (3): 695, 1994.

15. Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH, Tominaga T: Morphology and Kinematics of the Baboon Upper Cervical Spine: A Model of the Atlantoaxial Complex. J Neurosurg 80 (2): 403, 1994.

16. Dickman CA, Locantro J, Fessler RG: The Influence of Transoral Odontoid Resection on Stability of the Craniovertebral Junction. In Bradly WG, Crowell RM (eds): 1994 Year Book of Neurology and Neurosurgery. St. Louis, MO, Mosby Year Book, pp 336-337, 1994.

17. Dickman CA, Fessler RG, MacMillan M, Haid RW: Transpedicular Screw-Rod Fixation of the Lumbar Spine: Operative Technique and Outcome in 104 Cases. In Bradley WG, Crowell RM (eds): 1994 Year Book of Neurology and Neurosurgery. St.Louis, MO, Mosby Year Book, pp 336-337, 1994.

18. Knightly JJ, Dickman CA, Ronderos JF, Vardiman AB, Karahalios DG, Crawford N, Sonntag VKH: Bilateral Versus Unilateral Posterior Atlantoaxial Facet Screw Fixation. Neurosurgery 35 (3) 566, 1994.

19. Dickman CA, Crawford N, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH: Biomechanical Effects of Transoral Odontoidectomy. Neurosurgery 35 (3): 567, 1994.

20. Dickman CA: A report on the Historical Cohort Study of Pedicle Screw Fixation in Thoracic, Lumbar and Sacral Fusions. Neurosurgery Update 1 (3): 5, 1994.

21. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Surgical Management Strategies for Altantoaxial Nonunions. J Neurosurg 82 (2): 367A, 1995.

22. Paramore CG, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Mechanisms of Caspar Plate Failure. J Neurosurg 82 (2): 361A, 1995.

23. Dickman CA, Papadopoulos SM, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF, Rekate HL, Drabier J: Traumatic Occipitoatlantal Dislocations. In Bradley WG, Wilkins RH (eds): 1995 Year Book of Neurology and Neurosurgery. St. Louis, MO, Mosby Year Book, pp 476-477, 1995.

24. Marcotte P, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Karahalios DG, Drabier J: Posterior Atlantoaxial Facet Screw Fixation. In Bradley WG, Wilkins RH (eds): 1995 Year Book of Neurology and Neurosurgery. St. Louis, MO, Mosby Year Book, pp 508-509, 1995.

25. Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Paramore CG: Biomechanical Characteristics of C1-C2 Cable Fixation. Neurosurg 37 (3): 580-581, 1995.

26. Rosenthal D, Dickman CA, Lorenz R, Sonntag VKH: Thoracic Disc Herniation: Early Results After Surgical Treatment Using Microsurgical Endoscopy. J Neurosurg 84 (2): 334A, 1996.

27. Dickman CA, Papadopoulos SM, Brantley AGU, Gealer R: Comparative Biomechanical Properties of Cable Fixation Devices for the Cervical Spine. J Neurosurg 84 (2): 341A, 1996.

28. Dickman CA, Greene KA, Sonntag VKH: Injuries Involving the Transverse Atlantal Ligament: Classification and Treatment Guidlines Based Upon Experience With 39 Injuries. J Neurosurg 84 (2): 345A, 1996.

29. Dickman CA, Foley KT, Paramore CG, Sonntag VKH, Smith MM: Cannulated Screws for Odontoid Screw Fixation and Atlantoaxial Transarticular Screw Fixation. J Neurosurg 84 (2): 361A, 1996.

30. Dickman CA, Greene KA, Sonntag VKH: Injuries Involving the Transverse Atlantal Ligament: Classification and Treatment Guidlines Based Upon Experience With 39 Injuries. In Bradley WG, Wilkins RH (eds): 1997 Year Book of Neurology and Neurosurgery, St. Louis, MO., Mosby Year Book, pp 429-430, 1997.

31. Levi ADO, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: The Management of Postoperative Infections After Spinal Instrumentation. J Neurosurg 86 (2): 415A, 1997.

32. Naderi S, Crawford NR, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Comparison of Atlantoaxial Posterior Wire/ Graft/ Screw Combinations. J Neurosurg 86 (2): 420A, 1997.

33. Theodore N, Apostolides PJ, Karahalios DG, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Spinal Arthrodesis in a Pediatric Population. Neurosurgery 41 (3), p 749, 1997.

34. Hurlbert RJ, Crawford NR, Choi W, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Considerations in Occipito-Cervical Fixation. Neurosurgery 41 (3), p 747, 1997.

35. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Posterior C1-2 Transarticular Screw Fixation for Atlantoaxial Arthrodesis. J Neurosurg 88 (2), p384A, 1998.

36. Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Madallozo L, Sonntag VKH: Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Excision of Herniated Thoracic Discs. J Neurosurg 88 (2), p 387A, 1998.

37. Vishteh AG, Crawford NR, Melton S, Ferguson KL, Geldmacher TR, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF: Stability of the Craniovertebral Junction After Unilateral Occipital Condyle Resection: A Biomechanical Study. Neurosurgery 43(3), 675, 1998.

38. Lee TT, Dickman CA, Awad IA, Barnett GH: Report on Clinical Fellowship from the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Committee on Education. Neurosurgery 43(3), 680, 1998.

39. Rogers L, Theodore N, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA, Thomas T, Speiser B: Permanent I-125 Seed Paraspinal Brachytherapy for Malignant Tumors with Spinal Cord Compression. Radiotherapy& Oncology 55(supplement 1), 23, 2000.

40. *Dickman CA: Comparison of Giant and Non Giant Symptomatic Herniated Thoracic discs: An Analysis of 104 Consecutive Surgical Cases. The Spine Journal(2) 74S, 2002.


Book Reviews

1. Dickman CA: J Neurosurg 81 (3): p498: MRI and CT of the Spine: Review of Krishna C.V.G.R., William JP, Lee BCP, Sherman JL (eds): Baltimore, MD, Williams & Wilkins, 1994.



Editorial/Journal Commentary

1. Dickman CA, Mamourian A, Drayer BP, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF: MR Imaging of Lateral Disc Herniation. J Neurosurg 73 (4): 642-643, 1990.

2. Sonntag VKH, Pappas CTE, Gibson AR, Dickman CA: Cruciate Paralysis. J Neurosurg 77 (2); 330, 1992.

3. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Cruciate Paralysis. Spine 17 (10):1268, 1992.

4. Dickman CA, Fessler RG: To Fuse Or Not To Fuse? J Neurosurg 79 (1):153, 1993.

5. Lawton MT, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Spinal Epidural Hematomas. J Neurosurg 84 (2): 308, 1996.

6. Dickman CA: Point of View. Spine 21 (9): 1016, 1996.

7. Dickman CA, Theodore N, Hurlbert JR, Apostolides PJ, Sonntag VKH: Thoracic Disc. J Neurosurg 85 (1): 187, 1996.

8. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Injuries Involving the Transverse Atlantal Ligament: Classification and Treatment Guidelines Based upon Experience with 39 Injuries. J Neurosur 40 (4): 886-887, 1997.

9. Dickman CA: Guest Editor Commentary. Techniques in Neurosurgery Volume 3(4):336-337, 1997.

10. Dickman CA: Commentary. Complications after Endoscopic Sympathectomy. Neurosurgery, 41(1), 113-114, 1997.

11. Dickman CA: Point of View. Spine 23(11): 1236, 1998.

12. Dickman CA: Point of View, Spine 23(15): 1683, 1998.

13. Dickman CA: Point of View, Spine 23(16): 1803, 1998.

14. Dickman CA: Sonntag VKH: Posterior C1-C2 Transarticular Screw Fixation for Atlantoaxial Arthordesis. Neurosurgery 44(3): 687-689, 1999.

15. Javedan SP, Dickman CA: Commentary: Cause of Adjacent-Segment Disease after Spinal Fusion. The Lancet 354: 530-531, 1999.

16. Dickman CA: Commentary: Indications and Contraindications for Anterior Odontoid Screw Fixation. Neurosurgery 45(4): 819, 1999.

17. Dickman CA: Point of View, Spine 25(20): 2674, 2000.

18. Dickman CA: Point of View, Spine 26(4): 370, 2001.

19. Dickman CA: Osteoinductive Demineralized Bone: What's the Risk?, Spine 26(13): 1409-1410, 2001.

Presentations

1. Dickman CA, Harrington TR, Sonntag VKH: MRI Scanning in the Diagnosis of Discitis. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Third Annual Meeting, AANS/CNS, Boca Raton, Florida, February, 1987.

2. Dickman CA: Selective Posterior Rhizotomy for the Treatment of Spasticity. Neurology / Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, Barrow Neurological Institute, September, 1987.

3. Dickman CA, Hadley MN, Sonntag VKH: Neurosurgical Management of Combination Atlas/Axis Fractures. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Thirty-Seventh Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, October, 1987.

4. Dickman CA, Rekate HR, Drayer BP: Gadolinium-DTPA Enhanced MR Imaging in Determining Treatment Options Following Surgical Resection of Pediatric Brain Tumors. The Sixteenth Annual Meeting American Association of the Neurological Surgeons Meeting of the Pediatric Section, Chicago, Illinois, December, 1987.

5. Hadley MN, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Atlas Fractures: Management and Long-Term Results. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Third Annual Meeting, Boca Raton, Florida, February, 1987.

6. Dickman CA, Hadley MN, Sonntag VKH: Neurosurgical Management of Combination Atlas/Axis Fractures. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Twenty- Second Annual Meeting, Deer Valley, Utah, June, 1987.

7. Dickman CA, Hadley MN, Sonntag VKH: Neurosurgical Management of Combination Atlas/Axis Fractures. American Association of the Neurological Surgeons, Fifty-Sixth Annual Meeting, Toronto, Canada, April, 1988.

8. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Papadopoulos SM: The InterspinousMethod of Fusion of the Altas and Axis. Technical Consideration and Operative Results. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Twenty-Third Annual Meeting, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, June, 1988.

9. Dickman CA: The Neurosurgical Management of Craniocerebral Trauma. University Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona, July, 1988.

10. Dickman CA: Tumors of the Third Ventricle and Operative Approaches to the Third Ventricle. Neurology/Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, University Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona, August, 1988.

11. Dickman CA: Neurosurgical Management of Combination Atlas/Axis Fractures. University Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona, August, 1988.

12. Hadley MN, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Contemporary Management of Acute Traumatic Axis Fractures: A Review of 229 Cases. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Seattle, Washington, September, 1988.

13. Dickman CA: Gadolinium-DTPA Enhanced MR Imaging in Determining Treatment Options Following Surgical Resection of Pediatric Brain Tumors. Neurology/ Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, University Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona, September, 1988.

14. Dickman CA: Cerebral Vascular Malformations. Neurology/ Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, Universtiy Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona, October, 1988.

15. Dickman CA: Techniques of Fusion of the Atlantoaxial Complex. Interdepartmental Spine Conference, University Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona, November, 1988.

16. Dickman CA, Coons S, Rekate HR: Familial Choroid Plexus Carcinomas. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Seventeenth Annual Meeting, Pediatric Section, Scottsdale, Arizona, 1988.

17. Dickman CA: Cerebral Hemispherectomy in Sturge Weber Syndrome. Neurology/ Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, Universtiy Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona, January, 1989.

18. Dickman CA, Hadley MN, Pappas CTE, Sonntag VKH: Bell's Cruciate Paralysis: Clinical, Radiographic and Neuroanatomical, Considerations. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Fifth Annual Meeting, Cancun, Mexico, February, 1989.

19. Dickman CA, Carter LP, Harrington TR: Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Monitoring and Intracranial Pressure Monitoring in Acute Craniocerebral Trauma. Richard Lende Fifteenth Neurosurgical Conference, Snowbird, Utah, February, 1989.

20. Dickman CA: Bell's Cruciate Paralysis: Clinical, Radiographic and Neuroanatomical Considerations. Interdepartmental Conference on Disorders of the Spine, University Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona, February, 1989.

21. Dickman CA: Neurosurgical Management of Coccidioidomycosis. Neurology /Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, University Medical Center, Tucson, Arizona, February, 1989.

22. Dickman CA, Guthkelch N, Shetter A: A Phase I Trial of Scanned Focused Ultrasound Hyperthermia with Ionizing Radiation for High Grade Cerebral Astrocytomas. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Twenty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Durango, Colorado, June, 1989.

23. Dickman CA, Carter LP, Harrington TR: Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Monitoring and Intracranial Pressure Monitoring in Acute Craniocerebral Trauma. Western Neurosurgical Society Meeting, Sun Valley, Idaho, September, 1989.

24. Carter LP, Dickman CA, Tallman D, Spetzler RF: Postoperative Monitoring of Cerebral Blood Flow in Vascular and Trauma Patients. Scandinavian Neurosurgical Society, Forty-First Annual Meeting, Umea, Swedan, June, 1989.

25. Dickman CA, Carter LP, Harrington TR: Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Monitoring and Intracranial Pressure Monitoring and Intracranial Pressure Monitoring in Acute Craniocerebral Trauma. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Thirty-Ninth Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, October, 1989.

26. Dickman CA, Hadley MN, Pappas CTE, Sonntag VKH: Cruciate Paralysis: Injuries to the Upper Cervical Spine and Cervicomedullary Junction. American College of Surgeons, Tucson, Arizona, December, 1989.

27. Dickman CA, Rekate HR, Coons S, Johnson P: Choroid Plexus Tumors: Trends in Diagnosis and Management. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Eighteenth Annual Meeting of the Pediatric Section, Washington, D.C. December, 1989.

28. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF: Occipitoatlantal Dislocation Injuries: Diagnosis, Management and Outcome. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Sixth Annual Meeting, Captive Island, Florida, February, 1990.

29. Dickman CA: Neurosurgcal Management of Coccidiodomycosis. Neurology/Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, Barrow Neurological Institute, February, 1990.

30. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF: Spinal Epidural Hematomas: Clinical Manifestations and Postoperative Outcome. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Sixth Annual Meeting, Captive Island, Florida, February, 1990.

31. Herman JM, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: The Role of Enhanced MR Imaging in the Perioperative Management of Spinal Tumors. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Sixth Annual Meeting, Captiva Island, Florida, February, 1990.

32. Papadopolous SM, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Atlantoaxial Stabilization in Rheumatoid Arthritis. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Sixth Annual Meeting, Captiva Island, Florida, February, 1990.

33. Carter LP, Dickman CA: Continuous Monitoring of Cortical Blood Flow and Intracranial Pressure in Severe Cerebral Trauma. The International Workshop on Stimulated Cerebral Blood Flow, Garmisch, Germany, September 17, 1990.

34. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Occiptoatlantal Dislocation Injuries: Diagnosis, Management and Outcome. International Symposium on Process of the Cranial Midline, Vienna, Austria, May, 1990.

35. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Cruciate Paralysis: Injuries to the Upper Cervical Spine and Cervicomedullary Junction. International Symposium on Processes of the Cranial Midline, Vienna, Austria, May, 1990.

36. Dickman CA, Spetzler RF: Cerebrovascular Manifestations of Coccidioides Immitis. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Vail, Colorado, June, 1990.

37. Dickman CA: A Clinical and Radiographic Analysis of Injuries to the Cervicomedullary Junction. Neurology / Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, Barrow Neurological Institute, February, 1991.

38. Dickman CA: Transpedicular Screw-Rod Fixation of the Lumbar Spine. Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, Shands Medical Center, Gainesville, Florida, October, 1991.

39. Dickman CA, Zabramski JM, Sonntag VKH: Neurological Outcome After SCIWORA. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Nineteenth Annual Meeting, Pediatric Section, San Diego, California, December, 1991.

40. Dickman CA: Pediatric Cervical Spine Inuries. Spine Conference, Shands Medical Center, Gainesville, Florida, December, 1991.

41. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Papadopoulos SM: The Interspinous Method of Posterior Atlantoaxial Arthrodesis. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Seventh Annual Meeting, Palm Springs, California, February, 1991.

42. Dickman CA, Mamourian A, Sonntag VKH, Drayer BP: Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Transverse Altantal Ligament: Evaluation of Altlantoaxial Instability. Joint Section of Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Palm Springs, California, February, 1991.

43. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Papadopoulos SM: The Interspinous Method of Posterior Atlantoaxial Arthrodesis. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Fifty-Ninth Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, April, 1991.

44. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Drayer BP: Occipitocervical Fusion Utilizing a Contoured Threaded Pin. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Twenty-Sixth Annual Meeting, Jackson Hole, Wyoming, June, 1991.

45. Dickman CA,Mamourian A, Sonntag VKH, Drayer BP: Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Transverse Ligament. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Twenty-Sixth Annual Meeting, Jackson Hole, Wyoming, June, 1991.

46. Dickman CA, Fessler RG, MacMillan M, Haid R: Transpedicular Screw-Rod Fixation of the Lumbar Spine. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Eighth Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, 1992.

47. Locantro J, Dickman CA, Fessler RG: The Effects of Transoral Odontoid Resection on Stability of the Craniovertebral Junction. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Eighth Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, 1992.

48. Renfro M, Dickman CA, Fessler RG, MacMillan M: The Retroperitoneal Approach to the Lumbar Spine. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Eighth Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, February, 1992.

49. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Treatment Algorithms for Upper Cervical Spine Injuries. Joint Section of Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Eighth Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, February, 1992.

50. Dickman CA, Fessler RG, MacMillan, Haid R: Transpedicular Screw -Rod Fixation of the Lumbar Spine. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Sixtieth Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, April, 1992.

51. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Moody M, Drabier J: Surgical Management of Unstable Hangman's Fractures. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Twenty-Seventh Annual Meeting, Sedona, Arizona, June 17, 1992.

52. Dickman CA: Retroperitoneal Approach to the Lumbar Vertebrae. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Twenty-Seventh Annual Meeting, Sedona, Arizona, June 17, 1992.

53. Dickman CA: Pharmacologic Management of Spinal Cord Injury. Surgical Grand Rounds, Good Samaritan Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona, October, 1992.

54. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Marcotte P: Posterior Atlantoaxial Facet Screw Fixation. Arizona Neurosurgical Society, Tucson, Arizona, October, 1992.

55. Dickman CA, Locantro J, Fessler R: The Effects of Transoral Odontoid Resection on Stability of the Craniovertebral Junction. Arizona Neurosurgical Society, Tucson, Arizona, October, 1992.

56. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Craniovertebral Stabilization. Congress Of Neurological Surgeons Forty-Second Annual Meeting, Washington, D. C., November 4, 1992.

57. Dickman CA: Biomechanics of Internal Fixation in the Cervical Spine. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Ninth Annual Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, February 17-21, 1993.

58. Douglas RA, Wilberger J, McKenzie R, Kalfas I, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Drabier J: Preliminary Review of Synthes Anterior Cervical Spine Locking Place System. Joint Section of Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Ninth Annual Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, February 17-21, 1993.

59. Cherney WB, Brya CA, Dickman CA, Marciano FF: Prospective Evaluation of Stability of Traumatic Atlas Fractures. Joint Section of Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Ninth Annual Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, February 17-21, 1993.

60. Greene KA, Dickman CA, Marciano FF: Prospective Evaluation of Stability of Traumatic Atlas Fractures. Joint Section of Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Ninth Annual Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, February 17-21, 1993.

61. Karahalios DG, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Posterior Atlantoaxial Facet Screw Fixation. Joint Section of Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Ninth Annual Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, February 17-21, 1993.

62. Apostolides PJ, Golfinos J, Dickman CA, Papadopoulos SM, Sonntag VKH: Occipitocervical Fusion With a Threaded Contoured Rod. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Ninth Annual Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, February 17-21, 1993.

63. Zimmerman K, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: MR Imaging of SCIWORA. Joint Section of Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Ninth Annual Meeting, Arizona, February 17-21, 1993.

64. Dickman CA: Surgical Approaches to the Craniovertebral Junction. "Recent Advances in Neurology and Neurosurgery". Twentieth Annual BNI Symposium, Phoenix, Arizona, March 20, 1993.

65. Dickman CA: Biomechanics of Spinal Instrumentation. Neurosurgery Grand Rounds. Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York, April 20, 1993.

66. Dickman CA: Posterior Instrumentation to Stabilize the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Canadian Congress of Neurological Sciences XXVIII Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, June 17, 1993.

67. Dickman CA: Spinal Instrumentation for Neurosurgeons. Methods of Atlantoaxial Internal Fixation. Canadian Congress of Neurological Sciences XXVIII Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, June 17, 1993.

68. Greene KA, Marciano FF, Dickman CA, Coons SW, Spetzler RF: Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm Paraparesis Syndrome: Clinical Manifestations and Pathological Correlates. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Twenty-Eighth Annual Meeting, Flathead Lake Lodge, Bigfork, Montana, June 13-17, 1993.

69. Cherney WB, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: The Cost of Cervical Spine Instrumentation. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society,Twenty-Eighth Annual Meeting, Flathead Lake Lodge, Bigfork,Montana, June 13-17, 1993.

70. Greene KA, Marciano FF, Zimmerman CG, Dickman CA, Drabier J, Hadley MN, Sonntag VKH: Trends in Management of Acute Traumatic Axis Fractures: Review of 315 Cases. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Twenty-Eighth Annual Meeting, Flathead Lake Lodge, Bigfork, Montana, June 13-17, 1993.

71. Zerick WR, Zimmerman C, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Reivew of 53 Consecutive Cervical Corpectomies: Indications, Complications and Results. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Twenty-Eighth Annual Meeting, Flathead Lake Lodge, Bigfork, Montana, June 13-17, 1993.

72. Dickman CA: Techniques of Atlantoaxial and Occipitocervical Stabilization. Cervical Spine Instrumentation Practical Course, Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Vancouver, British Columbia, October 3, 1993.

73. Dickman CA: Multilevel Cervical Spondylosis and OPLL. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Vancouver, British Columbia, October 3, 1993.

74. Francis PM, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Drabier JB: Early Surgical Treatment of the Patient With Central Cord Syndrome. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Forty-Third Annual Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, October 2-7, 1993.

75. Greene KA, Marciano FF, Zimmerman CG, Dickman CA, Drabier JB, Hadley M, Sonntag VKH: Trends in Management of Acute Traumatic Axis Fractures: Review of 315 Cases. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Forty-Third Annual Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, October 2-7, 1993.

76. Dickman CA, Crawford NR MS, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH, Tominaga T: Morphology and Kinematics of the Baboon Upper Cervical Spine: A Model of the Atlantoaxial Complex. Cervical Spine Research Society Twenty-First Annual Meeting, New York, New York, December 1-4, 1993.

77. Greene KA, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Odontoid Fractures Associated with Transverse Ligament Disruption. Cervical Spine Research Society Twenty-First Annual Meeting, New York, New York, December 1-4, 1993.

78. Golfinos JG, Zabramski JM, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Repair of Vertebral Artery Injury During Anterior Cervical Decompression. Cervical Spine Research Society Twenty-First Annual Meeting, New York, New York, December 1-4, 1993.

79. Porter R, Lawton MT, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Management of Spine Epidural Hematomas. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Tenth Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 9-12, 1994.

80. Greene KA, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Odontoid Fractures Associated With Transverse Ligament Disruption. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Tenth Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 9-12, 1994.

81. Dickman CA, Crawford N, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH, Tominaga T: Morphology and Kinematics of the Baboon Upper Cervical Spine: A Model of the Atlantoaxial Complex. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Tenth Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 9-12, 1994.

82. Knightly JJ, Dickman CA, Ronderos J, Vardiman A, Karahalios D, Crawford N, Sonntag VKH: Unilateral Posterior Atlantoaxial Facet Screw Fixation. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Tenth Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 9-12, 1994.

83. Dickman CA, Crawford N, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH: Biomechanical Effects of Transoral Odontoidectomy. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Tenth Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 9-12, 1994.

84. Ronderos J, Knightly JJ, Vardiman A, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Cervical Spine Stabilization in Rheumatiod Arthritis. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Tenth Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 9-12, 1994.

85. Lawton MT, Porter R, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Spinal Epidural Hematomas After Spine Surgery. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Tenth Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 9-12, 1994.

86. Dickman CA: Thoracolumbar Instrumentation: Indications and Complications. "Recent Advances in Neurosurgery", Twenty-First Annual BNI Symposium, Phoenix, Arizona, March 18, 1994.

87. Dickman CA: Craniocervical Trauma and Its Management. Management of Craniocervical Junction Lesions. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Second Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, April 13, 1994.

88. Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH, Tominoga T: Morphology Kinematics of the Baboon Upper Cervical Spine: A Model of the Atlantoaxial Complex: American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Second Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, April 12, 1994.

89. Apostilides PJ, Karahalios G, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Anterior Surgical Arthrodesis of the Cervicothoracic Junction. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting, Aspen, Colorado, June 12-16, 1994.

90. Ronderos JF, Knightly JJ, Vardiman AB, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Screw Pullout Strength in Tapped Versus Untapped Pilot Holes in the Anterior Cervical Spine. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting, Aspen, Colorado, June 12-16, 1994.

91. Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH: Biomechanical Effects of Transoral Odontoidectomy. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting, Aspen, Colorado, June 12-16, 1994.

92. Ronderos JF, Cherney BW, Vardiman AB, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Long Term Follow-Up of Posterior Lateral Mass Plates in the Cervical Spine. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting, Aspen, Colorado, June 12-16, 1994.

93. Vardiman AB, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: A Comparison of the Transoral and Anterolateral Retropharyngeal Approaches to the Craniovertebral Junction. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Soceity, Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting, Aspen, Colorado, June 12-16, 1994.

94. Knightly JJ, Dickman CA, Vardiman AB, Ronderos JJ, Sonntag VKH: Treatment Preference for Type II Odontoid Fractures. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting, Aspen, Colorado, June 12-16, 1994.

95. Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Branley AGU, Sonntag VKH: Biomechanical Effects of Transoral Odontoidectomy. Cervical Spine Research Society, European Section, Fourth Common Meeting, Rome, Italy, June 29-July 2, 1994.

96. Dickman CA: Surgical Treatment Alternatives for Fixation of Unstable Fractures of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine: A Meta-Analysis. United States Food and Drug Administration. Orthopedic ana Rehabilitation Devices Advisory Committee Panel Meeting. Gaithersburg, Maryland, July 22, 1994.

97. Dickman CA: Biomechanics of the Craniovertebral Junction and Definitions of Spinal Instability. Practical Workshop 009/021. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fourth, Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois,October 2, 1994.

98. Dickman CA: Anterior Approaches to Spinal Tumors. Management of Spinal Column Tumors. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Forty-Fourth, Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 5, 1994.

99. Dickman CA: Pedicle Screw Update. Joint Section of Spine and Peripheral Nerve , Symposium. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Forty-Fourth, Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 3, 1994.

100. Knightly JJ, Dickman CA, Ronderos J, Vardiman A, Karahalios DG, Crawford NR, Sonntag VKH: Bilateral Versus Unilateral Posterior Atlantoaxial Facet Screw Fixation. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fourth, Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 3, 1994.

101. Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH: Biomechanical Effects of Transoral Odontoidectomy. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, October 3, 1994.

102. Dickman CA, Yahiro MA, Lu HTC, Melkerson MM: Surgical Treatment Alternatives for Fixation of Unstable Fracture of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine: A Meta-Analysis. North American Spine Society, Ninth Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, October 20, 1994.

103. Dickman CA: Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery. Neurology / Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, Barrow Neurological Institute, November 18, 1994.

104. Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH: Biomechanical Effects of Transoral Odontoidectomy. Cervical Spine Research Society, Twenty-Second Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, November 30-December 2, 1994.

105. Romanelli DA, Porter RW, Dickman CA: Comparison of Initial Injury Features in Cervical Spine Trauma C3-C7: Predictive Outcome With Halo Vest Management. Cervical Spine Research Society, Twenty-Second Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland, November 30- December 2, 1995.

106. Dickman CA, Biomechanics of the Cervical Spine. Spinal Biomechanics Workshop. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Eleventh Annual Meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, February 14-18, 1995.

107. Paramore CG, Brantley AGU, Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Sonntag VKH: Biomechanical Comparison of Titanium and Stainless Steel Caspar Plates. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Eleventh Annual Meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, February 14-18, 1995.

108. Dickman CA: Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery. Advances in Spinal Endoscopy. Internal Medicine Grand Rounds, St. Josephs Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona, March 22, 1995.

109. Paramore CG, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Mechanisms of Caspar Plate Failure. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Third Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, April 22-27, 1995.

110. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Surgical Management Strategies for Atlantoaxial Nonunions. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Third Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, April 22-27, 1995.

111. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Approaches to the Spine: Frontiers in Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery. Recent Advances in Neurology and Neurosurgery, Twenty-Second Annual BNI Symposium, Phoenix, Arizona, March 16, 1995.

112. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Vertebrectomy and Reconstruction. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Thirtieth Annual Meeting, Sun Valley, Idaho, June 17-21, 1995.

113. Karahalios DG, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Clinical Applications of Thoracoscopic Approaches for Treatment of Spine Pathology. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Thirtieth Annual Meeting, Sun Valley, Idaho, June 17-21, 1995.

114. Broc G, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA, Vishteh AG: Anterior Thoracolumbar Instrumentation. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Thirtieth Annual Meeting, Sun Valley, Idaho, June 17-21, 1995.

115. Paramore CG, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: The Anatomic Suitabilty of the C1-C2 Complex for Posterior Transarticular Screw Fixation. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Thirtieth Annual Meeting, Sun Valley, Idaho, June 17-21, 1995.

116. Dickman CA, Foley KT, Sonntag VKH, Smith MM: Cannulated Screw for Odontoid Fixation and Atlantolaxial Transarticular Screw Fixation. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Thirtieth Annual Meeting, Sun Valley, Idaho, June 17-21, 1995.

117. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Microsurgery for Treatment of Anterior Thoracic Discs. Neurology / Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, August 4, 1995.

118. Dickman CA: Thoracic Vertebrectomy and Reconstruction Using a Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Approach. Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, Navel Medical Center, San Diego, California, August 30, 1995.

119. Dickman CA, Foley KT, Sonntag VKH, Smith MM: Cannulated Screws for Odontoid Screw Fixation and Atlantoaxial Transarticular Screw Fixation. Western Neurosurgical Society, Forty-First Annual Meeting, Gleneden Beach, Oregon, September 9-12, 1995.

120. Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Karahalios DG, Paramore CG, Mican CA: Thoracic Vertebrectomy and Reconstruction Using Microsurgical Thoracoscopic Approach. Western Neurosurgical Society, Forty-First Annual Meeting, Gleneden Beach, Oregon, September 9-12, 1995.

121. Dickman CA: Tranoral Approach and Odontoid Removal. Anterior Surgical Approaches to the Spine Medical Education Research Institute Meeting, Memphis, Tennessee, September 30-October 1, 1995.

122. Dickman CA: Lateral Extracavitary Approach. Anterior Surgical Approaches to the Spine Medical Education Research Institute Meeting, Memphis, Tennesse, September 30-October 1, 1995.

123. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Approach. Anterior Surgical Approaches to the Spine. Medical Education Research Institute Meeting, Memphis, Tennesse, September 30-October 1, 1995.

124. Dickman CA: Demonstration: Thoracoscopic Approaches. Anterior Surgical Approaches to the Spine. Medical Education Research Institute Meeting, Memphis, Tennessee, September 30-October 1, 1995.

125. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery. Congress Of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fifth Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, October 14-19, 1995.

126. Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Paramore CG: Biomechanical Characteristics of C1-C2 Cable Fixation. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fifth Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, October 14-19, 1995.

127. Dickman CA: Breakthroughs in Neurosurgery. Update on the FDA Reclassification of Pedicle Screw Spinal Implants. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fifth Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, October 14-19, 1995.

128. Broc GG, Crawford NR, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Biomechanical Effects of Microsurgical Thoracic Discectomy. North American Spine Society, Tenth Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., October 18-21, 1995.

129. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Surgical Management Strategies for Altlantoaxial Nonunions. North American Spine Society, Tenth Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., October 18-21, 1995.

130. Dickman CA: Cervical Spondylosis: When to Operate and Which Approach. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fifth Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, October 14-19, 1995.

131. Dickman CA,Foley KT, Sonntag VKH, Smith MM: Cannulated Screw Fixation of the Upper Cervical Spine. Arizona Neurosurgical Society, Eighth Annual Fall Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, November 4, 1995.

132. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Approaches for Pathology of the Thoracic Spine. Arizona Neurosurgical Society, Eighth Annual Fall Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, November 4, 1995.

133. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery. Neurosurgery Grand Rounds. Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona, January 19, 1996.

134. Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Brantley AGU, Sonntag VKH: Biomechanical Effects of Transoral Odontoidectomy. Federation of Spine Associations, Ninth Annual Meeting Specialty Day, Atlanta Georgia, February 25, 1996.

135. Dickman CA, Papalopoulos SM, Crawford MS, Brantley AGU, Gealer R: Comparative Biomechanical Properties of Cable Fixation Devices for the Cervical Spine. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Twelfth Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, February 28-March 1, 1996.

136. Dickman CA: Thoracic Disc Herniation: Thoracoscopic Approach. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Twelfth Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, February 28-March 1, 1996.

137. Dickman CA, Foley KT, Sonntag VKH, Smith MM: Cannulated Screws for Odontoid Screw Fixation and Atlantoaxial Transarticular Screw Fixation. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Twelfth Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida 28-March 1, 1996.

138. Dickman CA, Foley KT, Sonntag VKH, Smith MM: Cannulated Screws for Odontoid Screw Fixation and Atlantoaxial Transarticular Screw Fixation. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Twelfth Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, February 28-March1, 1996.

139. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery. Recent Advances in Neurology and Neurosurgery, Twenty-Third Annual BNI Symposium, Phoenix, Arizona, March 7-9, 1996.

140. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery, Neurosurgery GrandRounds, Loyola University, Maywood, Illinois, March 12, 1996.

141. Dickman CA,Foley KT, Sonntag VKH, Smith MM: Cannulated Screws for Odontoid Screw Fixation and Atlantoaxial Transarticular Screw Fixation. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 27-May 2, 1996.

142. Dickman CA, Greene KA, Sonntag VKH: Injuries Involving the Transverse Atlantal Ligament: Classification and Treatment Guidelines Based Upon Experience with 39 Injuries. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 27-May 2, 1996.

143. Dickman CA, Papadopoulos SM, Crawford MS, Brantley AGU, Gealer R: Comparative Mechanical Properties of Spinal Cable and Wire Fixation Systems. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 27-May 2, 1996.

144. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery: Techniques for Thoracic Sympathectomy and Thoracic Microdiscectomy. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 27-May 2, 1996.

145. Dickman CA: Injuries of the Upper Cervical Spine and Craniovertebral Junction: Breakfast Seminar on Spinal Cord Injuries. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 27-May 2, 1996.

146. Rosenthal D, Dickman CA, Lorenz R, Sonntag VKH: Thoracic Disc Herniation: Early Results After Surgical Treatment Using Microsurgical Endoscopy. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 27-May 2, 1996.

147. Dickman CA: Anterior Endoscopic approaches to the Thoracic & Lumbar Spine: Thoracoscopy, Laparoscopy & Retroperitonealoscopy. (Luncheon Seminar). The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Sixth Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, September 28- October 3, 1996.

148. Dickman CA: Upper Cervical Spine Trauma. (General Scientific Session II). The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Sixth Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, September 28- October 3, 1996.

149. Dickman CA: Current Approaches to Spinal Injury. Cervical Spine Trauma. (Joint Spine Section Symposium). The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Sixth Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, September 28-October 3, 1996.

150. Dickman CA: C1-2 Instrumentation and Fusion. The Arizona Neurosurgical Society, Ninth Annual Fall Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, November 2, 1996.

151. Levi A, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA, Mather J, Li R, Bichard B, Berens M: The role of Cultured Schwann Cell Grafts in the Repair of Gaps within the Peripheral Nervous System of Primates. The North American Spine Society, Eleventh Annual Conference, Vancouver, B.C., Canada,October 23-26, 1996.

152. Hurlbert R, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Long-Term Follow-Up of C1-2 Transarticular Screw Fixation. The North American Spine Society, Eleventh Annual Conference, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, October 23-26, 1996.

153. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery: Background, Pitfalls and How To Avoid Them. Total Spine: Advanced Concepts and Constructs, Third Annual International Course, Cancun, Mexico, February 1-3, 1997

154. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery: Z Plate Fixation. Total Spine: Advanced Concepts and Constructs, Third Annual International Course, Cancun, Mexico, February 1-3, 1997

155. Dickman CA: Treatment of Occipto-Cervical Deformity. AANS / CNS Thirteenth Annual Meeting, Newport Beach, California, February 19-22, 1997.

156. Naderi S, Crawford NR, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Comparison of Atlantoaxial Posterior Wire / Graft / Screw Combinations. Thirteenth Annual Meeting, Newport Beach, California, February 19-22, 1997.

157. Levi A, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: The Management of Postoperative Infections After Spinal Instrumentation. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Inc., Jasper Park Lodge, Canada, June 27, 1997.

158. Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Madallozo L, Sonntag VKH: Thoracic Microsurgical Excision of Herniated Thoracic Discs. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Inc., Jasper Park Lodge, Canada, June 27, 1997.

159. Masferrer R, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Deep Vein Thrombosis as a Complication of Spinal Surgery. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Inc., Jasper Park Lodge, Canada, June 30, 1997.

160. Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Madallozo L, Sonntag VKH: Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Excision of Herniated Thoracic Discs. The Western Neurosurgical Society, Ojai, California, September 20-23, 1997.

161. Dickman CA: Thoracic Disc Herniations. Minimally Invasive Approaches Are Preferable. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, New Orleans, Louisiana, September 29, 1997.

162. Dickman CA: Thorascopic Spine Surgery. (Luncheon Seminar) Congress of Neurological Surgeons, New Orleans, Louisiana, September 30, 1997.

163. Hurlbert RJ, Crawford NR, Choi W, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Considerations in Occipito-Cervical Fixation. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, New Orleans, Louisiana, September 27-October 2, 1997.

164. Theodore N, Apostolides PJ, Karahalios DG, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Spinal Arthrodesis in a Pediatric Population. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, New Orleans, Louisiana, September 27- October 2, 1997.

165. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Posterior C1-C2 Transarticular Screw Fixation for Atlantoaxial Arthrodesis. North American Spine Society, New York, New York, October 23, 1997.

166. Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Madallozo L, Sonntag VKH: Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Excision of Herniated Thoracic Discs. NorthAmerican Spine Society, New York, New York, October 25, 1997.

167. Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Regan JJ: Reoperation for Herniated Thoracic Discs. North American Spine Society, New York, New York, October 25, 1997.

168. Hurlbert RJ, Crawford NR, Choi W, Dickman CA: A Biomechanical Evaluation of Occipito-Cervical Fixation. North American Spine Society, New York, New York, October 25, 1997.

169. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Neurosurgery Grand Rounds. University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. November 24, 1997.

170. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Posterior C1-C2 Transarticular Screw Fixation for Atlantoaxial Arthrodesis. Cervical Spine Research Society, Rancho Mirage, California. December 4-6, 1997.

171. Chen TY, Crawford NR, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Effects of Progressive Anterior Cervical Decompression. Cervical Spine Research Society, Rancho Mirage, California. December 4-6, 1997.

172. DickmanCA: Anterior cervical interbody fixation. Total Spine, Cancun, Mexico. January 30, 1998.

173. Dickman CA, Lowery, Sutterlin, Whitecloud, Zdeblick: 360 Degree Instrumentation: what are the indications in cervical trauma? Total Spine,Cancun, Mexico. January 30, 1998.

174. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopy for Spinal Disorders: Advances in Techniques and Instrumentation. Total Spine, Cancun, Mexico. January 31,1998.

175. Dickman CA, Foley, Heim, Kitchel, Sutterlin, Zdeblick: The L3-4 and L4-5 Interbody Fusion: Open vs. Minimally Invasive Techniques, Anterior vs. Posterior Techniques. Total Spine, Cancun, Mexico, January 31, 1998.

176. Dickman CA: The Case for Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Rancho Mirage, CA, February 13, 1998.

177. Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Madallozo L, Sonntag VKH: Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Excision of Herniated Thoracic Discs. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Rancho Mirage, CA, February 11-14, 1998.

178. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Posterior C1-C2 Transarticular Screw Fixation for Atlantoaxial Arthrodesis. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Rancho Mirage, CA, February 11-14, 1998.

179. Sawin PD, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF: Surgical Treatment of Intrmedullary Spinal Cord Tumors: Outcome Analysis of 152 Cases. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Rancho Mirage, CA, February 11-14, 1998.

180. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Colorado Neurological Institute, Denver, Colorado, February 23, 1998.

181. Song GS, Crawford NR, Naderi S, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical analysis of Posterior Atlantoaxial Fixation. Korean Neurosurgical Society, Seoul, South Korea, October 16-18, 1997.

182. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Posterior C1-2 Transarticular Screw Fixation for Atlantoaxial Arthordesis. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Philadelphia, PA, April 27, 1998.

183. Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Madallozo L, Sonntag VKH: Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Excision of Herniated Thoracic Discs. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Philadelphia, PA, April 27, 1998.

184. Dickman CA: Endoscopic Surgery of the Spine. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Philadelphia, PA, April 27, 1998.

185. Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA, Fessler RG, Traynelis VC, Menezes A: Management of Rheumatoid of the Craniovertebral Junction and Cervical Spine. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Philadelphia, PA, April 27, 1998.

186. Dickman CA: Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery Techniques. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Seattle, WA, October 5, 1998. (Luncheon Seminar).

187. Dickman CA: Indications for Lumbar Interbody Fusion Cages. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Seattle, WA, October 5, 1998.

188. Dickman CA: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Seattle, WA, October 6, 1998. (Luncheon Seminar).

189. Dickman CA: Endoscopic Spine Surgery. (General Scientific Session) The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Seattle, WA, October 8, 1998.

190. Vishteh AG, Crawford NR, Melton S, Ferguson KL, Geldmacher TR, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF: Stability of the Craniovertebral Junction After Unilateral Occipital Condyle Resection: A Biomechanical Study. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Seattle, WA, October 5, 1998.

191. Lee TT, Dickman CA, Awad IA, Barnett GH: Report on Clinical Fellowship from the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Committee on Education. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Seattle, WA, October 5, 1998.

192. Dickman CA: Indications for Lumbar Interbody Fusion (Spine Section Symposium). The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Seattle, WA, October 5, 1998.

193. Naderi S, Crawford NR, Melton MS, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Analysis of Cranial Settling After Transoral Odontoidectomy. Cervical Spine Research Society, Varese, Italy, September 1998.

194. Crawford NR, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanics of Lumbar Cages/Dowels and Pedicle Screws for Treating Spondylolisthesis. North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, October 29, 1998.

195. Naderi S, Crawford NR, Melton MS, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Analysis of Cranial Settling After Transoral Odontoidectomy. North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, October 30, 1998.

196. Cagli S. Crawford NR, Melton MS, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanics of Lumbar Cages/Dowels and Pedicle Screws for Treating Spondylolisthesis. North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, October 29, 1998.

197. Dickman CA: Biomechanics of Cervical Interbody Fusion Devices. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, February 10, 1999.

198. Dickman CA: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Joint Section On Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, February 10, 1999.

199. Sutterlin C, Wisneski R, Wetzek FT, Michelsen C, Dickman CA, Barrett JP, Field E, Swank M, Reed M, McAfee P: A Two Year Prosepecctive, Randomized Study of Pedicle Screw Fixation. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine And Peripheral Nerves, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, February 12, 1999.

200. Crawford NR, Eleraky M, Melton MS, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Comparison of Occipitocervical Fixation Using C1 Wiring or C1-C2 Transarticular Screws. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, February 13, 1999.

201. Vishteh AG, Crawford NR, Melton MS, Ferguson KL, Geldmacher TR, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF: Stability of the Craniovertebral Junction after Unilateral Occipital Condyle Resection: A Biomechanical Study. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, February 13, 1999.

202. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Thoracic Discectomy: How It's Done, Imaging Apprearance. 25th Annual Symposium: Neuroimaging , Phoenix, AZ, March 3, 1999.

203. Dickman CA: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Techniques. Annual Barrow Neurological Institute Symposium, Phoenix, AZ, March 4, 1999.

204. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy. Annual Barrow Neurological Institute Symposium, Phoenix, AZ, March 5, 1999.

205. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Annual Barrow Neurological Institute Symposium, Phoenix, AZ, March 6, 1999.

206. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Microdiscectomy. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, New Orleans, LA, April 26, 1999.

207. Dickman CA: Spine Surgery in the Next Millennium: The Role of Endoscopy. Mayfield Neuroscience Symposium, Cincinnati, OH, June 5, 1999.

208. Dickman CA: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Mayfield Neuroscience Symposium, Cincinnati, OH, June 5, 1999.

209. Theodore NA, Vishteh AG, Apostolides PJ, Karahalios DG, Crawford N, Chamberlain R, Dickman CA, Rekate HL, Sonntag VKH: Occipitocervical Fusion in a Pediatric Population: Long-Term Follow-Up and Detailed Osteometric Analysis. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty Ninth Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, November 2, 1999.

210. Detwiler PW, Porter RW, Stone K, Adams MS, Dickman CA: Eight and Ten Month Follow-up with Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy: In-Situ Chain Transection Versus Resection. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty Ninth Annual Meeting, Boston , MA, November 2, 1999.

211. Dickman CA: The Role of Pedicle Screw Fixation in Lumbar fusion. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty Ninth Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, November 4, 1999.

212. Dickman CA: Advances in Spinal Endoscopy and Thoroscopy. Annual Meeting Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Palm Springs, CA, February 25, 2000.

213. Han PP, Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Surgical Resection of Thoracic Neurogenic Tumors. Annual Meeting Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Palm Springs, CA, February 23-26, 2000.

214. Dickman CA: Surgical Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis Involving the Spine. BNI Twenty-Sixth Annual Symposium, Phoenix, AZ, March 4 2000.

215. Dickman CA: Complete Spondylectomy for Excision of Spinal Neoplasms. BNI Twenty-Sixth Annual Symposium, Phoenix,AZ, March 2, 2000.

216. Dickman CA: Endoscopic Surgery of the S pine. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 10, 2000.

217. Han PP, Detwiler PW, Porter RW, Dickman CA: Outcomes and Complications of 179 Thoracoscopic Approaches to the Thoracic Spine, American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 12, 2000.

218. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Microdiscectomy. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 11, 2000.

219. Theodore N, Huang W, Duggal N, Rogers CL, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Spinal Brachytherapy with I-125 for Malignant Tumors. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Alyeska, Alaska, June 25, 2000.

220. Theodore N, Gonzalez LF, Spetzler CB, Porter RW, Zubay G, Hott J, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Vertebral Coccidioidal Infection: The Barrow Neurological Institute Experience. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, Alyeska, Alaska, June 28, 2000.

221. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery. Pan American Neurosurgical Conference, Miami, Florida, July 14, 2000.

222. Dickman CA: Management of Primary Tumors of the Spine. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, September 27, 2000.

223. Theodore N, Huang W, Duggal N, Rogers L, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Spinal Brachytherapy with I-125 for Malignant Tumors. North American Spine Society Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, October 25-28, 2000.

224. Theodore N, Gonzalez LF, Spetzler CB, Porter RW, Zubay G, Hott J, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Vertebral Coccidioidal Infection: The Barrow Neurological Institute Experience. North American Spine Society Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, October 25-28, 2000.

225. Dickman CA: Chairpersons Address. 17th Annual Meeting. Section of Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Phoenix, Arizona, February 15, 2001

226. Vishteh AG, Crawford NR, Thramann JJ, Chamberlain RH, Park SC, Craigo JB, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanics of Anterior versus Posterior Threaded Lumbar Interbody Fusion Cages. 17th Annual Meeting. Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Phoenix, Arizona, February 15, 2001.

227. Duggal N, Crawford NR, Chamberlain RH, Park SC, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Effects of Unilateral Cervical Facet Lock. 17th Annual Meeting . Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Phoenix, Arizona, February 15, 2001.

228. Duggal N, DAs K, Mendiondo I, Pares H, Kenny K, Dickman CA: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Failed Back Surgery. 17th Annual Meeting. Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Phoenix, Arizona, February 17, 2001.

229. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Surgery: Long Run for a Short Slide? 17th Annual Meeting. Section of the S pine and Peripheral Nerves, Phoenix, Arizona, February 14, 2001.

230. Dickman CA: Role of Cages in Spine Surgery. Barrow Neurological Institute 27th Annual Symposia, Phoenix, Arizona, March 1-3, 2001.

231. Dickman CA: Case-Control Study Comparing the Efficacy of Surgical Techniques for C1-2 Arthrodesis. AANS Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 21, 2001.

232. Fessler RG, Rosenthal D, Martens F, Dickman CA: Endoscopic Surgery of the Spine. AANS Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 24, 2001.

233. Dickman CA, Smith MM, Haid RW, Baldwin NG: Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery: Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery. AANS Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 26, 2001.

234. Dickman CA, Gornet MF, Burkus JK, Zdeblick, TA: A Prospective Randomized Lumbar Fusion Study Comparing rhBMP-2 with Autograft for Cage ALIF. CNS 51st Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 29- October 4, 2001.

235. Dickman CA, Gornet MF, Burkus JK, Zbedlick TA: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion using Tapered Lordodic Threaded Cages: Results of Prospective Clinical Trial. CNS 51st Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 29- October 4, 2001.

236. Gornet, MF, Burkus KJ, Dickman CA, Zdeblick TA: rhBMP-2 with Tapered Cages: A Prospective, Randomized Lumbar Fusion Study. NASS 16th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, November 1, 2001.

237. Park, SC, Han Patrick, Chamberlain RH, Dickman CA, Crawford NR:Biomechanics of Lumbar Transvertebral Cage/Graft Fixation. NASS 16th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, November 3, 2001.

238. Dickman CA: Comparison of Giant and Nongiant Sympto-matic Herniated Thoracic Discs: An Analysis of 104 Consecutive Surgical Cases. AANS 18th Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, February 28, 2002.

239. Dickman CA: Comparison of Giant and Nongiant Symptomatic Herniated Thoracic Discs. An Analysis of 104 Consecutive Surgical Cases. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Meeting, 37th Annual Meeting, Santa Ana Pueblo, New Mexico, June 15-19, 2002.

240. Han Patrick, Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Surgical Resection of Thoracic Neurogenic Tumors. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Meeting, 37th Annual Meeting, Santa Ana Pueblo, New Mexico, June 15-19, 2002.

241. Dickman CA: Symposia: Controversies in Management of the Cervical Spine. North American Spine Society 17th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 2002.

242. Dickman CA: Comparison of Giant and Non-Giant Symptomatic Herniated Thoracic Discs. An Analysis of 104 Consecutive Surgical Cases. North American Spine Society 17th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 2002.

243. Dickman CA: Technique of Thoracoscopic Discectomy. Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery Practical Course. Barrow Neurological Institute, January 27-28 , 2003.

244. Dickman CA: Paraspinal Tumor Removal. Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery Practical Course. Barrow Neurological Institute, January 27-28, 2003.

245. Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Anterior Release and Screw Rod Fixation for Spinal Deformity. Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery Practical Course. Barrow Neurological Institute, January 27-28, 2003.

246. Dickman CA: Transthoracic Endoscopic Spine Surgery. Thoracoscopic Spine Surgery Practical Course. Barrow Neurological Institute, January 27-28, 2003.

247. Dickman CA: Cervical Myelopathy with Minimal Symptoms. AANS/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine & Peripheral Nerves 19th Annual Meeting, Tampa Florida, 2003.

248. Gerber MS, Chamberlain RH, Crawford NR, Dickman CA: Biomechanics of a Triangular Plate Versus Pedicle Screws / Rods for Enhancing Threaded Interbody Cage Stability at L5/S1. AANS/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine & Peripheral Nerves 19th Annual Meeting, Tampa, Florida, 2003.

249. Lekovic GP, Han PP, Kenny KJ, Dickman CA: Bone Dowels in Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. AANS/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine & Peripheral Nerves 19th Annual Meeting, Tampa, Florida, 2003.



Posters

1. Dickman CA, Guthkelch N, Carter P, et al: A Phase I Trial of focused Ultrasound Hyperthermia with Ionizing Radiation for High Grade Cerebral Astrocytomas. Presented at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Washington D.C., 1989.

2. Dickman CA, Guthkelch N, Carter P, et al: A Phase I Trial of Focused Ultrasound Hyperthermia with Ionizing Radiation for High Grade Cerebral Astrocytomas. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Atlanta, Georgia, October, 1989.

3. Masferrer R, Dickman CA, Zabramski JM, Carrion CA, Sonntag VKH: Complications of Therapeutic Spinal Manipulations. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Sixth Annual Meeting, Captiva Island, Florida, February 7-11, 1990.

4. Dickman CA, Zabramski JM, Sonntag VKH, et al: Neurological Outcome After SCIWORA. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Seventh Annual Meeting, Palm Springs, California, February, 1991.

5. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Papadopoulos SM, et al: Occipitocervical Fusion Utilizing a Contoured Threaded Pin. Joint Section of Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Seventh Annual Meeting, Palm Springs, California, February, 1991.

6. Dickman CA, Zabramski JM, Sonntag VKH, et al: Neurosurgical outcome after SCIWORA. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Fifty-Ninth Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, April, 1991.

7. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Papadopolous SM, et al: Occipitocervical Fusion Utilizing a Contoured Threaded Pin. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Fifty-Ninth, Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, April, 1991.

8. Herman JM, Dickman CA, Pappas CTE, White WL: Neurosurgical Managment of Intracranial Bipolaris Infections. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-First Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, October, 1991.

9. Locantro J, Dickman CA, Fessler RG Renfro M: Segmental Interlaminar Clamp Fixation of the Dorsal Cervical Spine. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Eight Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, February, 1992.

10. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Moody M: Surgical Management of Unstable Hangman's Fractures. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Eighth Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, February, 1992.

11. Zimmmerman CG, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiographic Abnormality. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-First Annual Meeting, Boston, Massachusettes, April 24-29, 1993.

12. Greene KA, Marciano FF, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Prospective Evaluation of stability of Traumatic Atlas Fractures. The Second International Neurotrauma Symposium, Glasgow, Scotland, July 4-9, 1993.

13. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Papadopoulos SM: Interspinous Atlantoaxial Wire Fixation: Long-Term Outcome in 74 Patients. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Third Annual Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, October 2-7, 1993.

14. Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Surgical Management of Unstable Atlas-Axis Combination Fractures. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Third Annual Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, October 2-7, 1993.

15. Greene KA, Marciano FF, Dickman CA, Coons SW, Johnson PC, Bailes JE, Spetzler RF: Anterior Communicating Artery Anuerysm Paraparesis Syndrome: Clinical Manifestations and Pathologic Correlates. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Forty-Third Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, October 2-7, 1993.

16. Golfinos JG, Marciano FF, Greene KA, Casano S, Dickman CA: Association of Cervical Spine Fracture With Civilian Gunshot Wound of the Head: Review of 108 Cases. Cervical Spine Research Society, Twenty-First Annual Meeting, New York, New York, December 1-4, 1993.

17. Dickman CA, Greene KA, Sonntag VKH: Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Transverse Atlantal Ligament in Atlas Fractures. Cervical Spine Research Society, Twenty-First Annual Meeting, New York, New York, December 1-4, 1993.

18. Knightly JJ, Dickman CA, Vardiman A, Ronderos J, Sonntag VKH: Roller Coaster Induced Hyperflexion Injury: The Domino Effect After Treatment of an Upper Cervical Kyphosis. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Tenth Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 9-12, 1994.

19. Knightly JJ, Dickman CA, Vardiman A, Ronderos J, Sonntag VKH: Treatment Enhanced for Type II Odontoid Fractures. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Tenth Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 9-12, 1994.

20. Ronderos J, Knightly JJ, Vardiman A, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Pull-out Strength of Tapped Versus Untapped Cortical Screws in the Cervical Spine. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Tenth Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 9-12, 1994.

21. Porter R, Lawton MT, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Management of Spinal Epidural Hematomas. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Second Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, April 9-14, 1994.

22. Ronderos J, Knightly JJ, Levy D, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Stabilization of Atlantoaxial Instability in Rheumatoid Arthritis. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Second Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, April 9-14, 1994.

23. Zerick WR, Zimmerman C, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanics of Odontoid Fracture Fixation: A Comparison of Cortical Versus Noncortical Bone Screw Penetration. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Second Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, April 9-14, 1994.

24. Zerick WR, Zimmerman C, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Review of 72 Consecutive Cervical Corpectomies: Indications, Complications and Results. American Associations of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Second Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, April 9-14, 1994.

25. Knightly JJ, Karahalios DG, Ronderos J, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Unilateral Posterior Atlantoaxial Facet Screw Fixation. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Second Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, April 9-14, 1994.

26. Vardiman A, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: A Comparison of the Transoral and Anterolateral Retropharyngeal Approaches to the Craniovertebral Junction. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 2, 1994.

27. Golfinos J, Zabramski JM, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Repair of Vertebral Artery Injury Caused During Anterior Cervical Decompression. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 2, 1994.

28. Apostolides PJ, Karahalios DG, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Anterior Surgical Arthrodesis of the Cervicothoracic Junction. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 2, 1994.

29. Crawford N, Dickman CA, Yamaguchi GT: Resolution of Ambiguities in the Use of the Euler Method and the Projection Method for Calculating Spinal Coupling Angles. Biomedical Engineering Society, Annual Meeting, Tempe, Arizona, October 14-16, 1994.

30. Tominaga T, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Coons S: Comparative Anatomy of the Baboon and the Human Cervical Spine. North American Spine Society, Ninth Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, October 19-22, 1994.

31. Apostilides PJ, Paramore C, Marciano FF, Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH: Symptomatic Congenital Hypertrophic Unilateral Atlantoccipital Synostisis: A Report of Three Cases. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Eleventh Annual Meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, February 14-18, 1995.

32. Khayata M, Baskin JJ, Dickman CA, Spetzler RF, Sonntag VKH: Role of Endovascular Technique in the Treatment of Spinal Vertebral Body Lesions. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Third Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, April 22, 1995.

33. Greene KA, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Acute Atlas Fractures: A Prospective Outcome Study Relating Injury Characteristics to the Incidense of Nonunion. Congress of Society, Forty-Fifth Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, October 14-19, 1995.

34. Paramore CG, Dickman CA,Sonntag VKH: The Anatomic Suitability of the C1-C2 Complex for Posterior Transarticular Screw Fixation. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fifth Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, October 14-19, 1995.

35. Broc GG, Dickman CA, Crawford NR, Sonntag VKH: Biomechanical Effects of Microsurgical Thoracic Discecotmy. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Twelfth Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, February 28-March, 1996.

36. Hurlbert RJ, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Apostolides P, Karahalios D: Long-Term Follow-Up of C1-2 Transarticular Screw Fixation. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Twelfth Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, February 28-March 1, 1996.

37. Vishteh G, Porter RW, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Anterior Thoracic Lumbar Plating. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Fourth Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 27-May 2, 1996.

38. Levi A, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA, Mather J, Li R: The Role of Cultured Schwann Cell Grafts in the Repair of Gaps Within the Peripheral Nervous System of Primates. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Sixth Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, September 28- October 3, 1996.

39. Crawford NR, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Theoretical Alternatives for Representing Translational Spinal Motion. AANS / CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Thirteenth Annual Meeting Newport Beach, California, February 19-22, 1997.

40. Crawford NR, Peles JD, Dickman CA: Quantifying the Spinal Neutral Zone: The Effects of Preload. AANS / CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Thirteenth Annual Meeting, Newport Beach, California, February 19-22, 1997.

41. Crawford NR, Yamaguchi GT, Dickman CA: Quantifying Spinal Coupling Angles: TheTilt/Twist Method. Twenty-First Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, September 24-27, 1997.

42. Apostolides PJ, Karahalios DG, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA, Spetzler RF: Complications of Transoral Odontoidectomy. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, New Orleans, Louisiana, September 27- October 2, 1997.

43. Crawford NR, Hurlbert RJ, Choi WG, Dickman CA: Differential Biomechanical Effects of Injury and Wiring at C1-C2. North American Spine Society, New York, New York, October 22-25, 1997.

44. Crawford NR, Chen TY, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Effects of Progressive Anterior Cervical Decompression. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Rancho Mirage, CA, February 11-14, 1998.

45. Crawford NR, Hurlbert RJ, Choi WG, Dickman CA: Differential Biomechanical Effects of Injury and Wiring at C1-C2. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Rancho Mirage, CA, February 11-14, 1998.

46. Dickman CA, Rosenthal D, Regan JJ: Reoperation for Herniated Thoracic Discs. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Rancho Mirage, CA, February 11-14, 1998.

47. Sawin PD, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF: Predictive Value of Intraoperative Spinal Cord Monitoring in Radical Resection of Intramedullary Spinal Cord Tumors. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Rancho Mirage, CA, February 11-14, 1998.

48. Vishteh AG, Beals S, Joganic E, Reiff J, Dickman CA: Bilateral Sagittal Split Mandibular Osteotomies as an Adjunct to the Transoral/Transpalatal Approach. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Rancho Mirage, CA, February 11-14, 1998.

49. Karahalios DG, Apostolides PJ, Geldmacher T, Ferguson K, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Comparison of 2-D Versus 3-D Methods for Analyzing the Suitability of the C1-C2 Complex for Placement of Transarticular Screws. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Rancho Mirage, CA, February 11-14, 1998.

50. Crawford NR, Hurlbert RJ, Choi WG, Dickman CA: Differential Biomechaical Effects of Injury and Wiring at C1-C2. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Philadelphia, PA, April 25-30, 1998.

51. Vishteh AG, Beals SP, Joganic EF, Reiff JL, Dickman CA: Bilateral Sagittal SplitMandibular Osteotomies as an Adjunct to the Transoral/Transpalatal Approach. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Philadelphia, PA, April 25-30, 1998.

52. Crawford NR, Chen TY, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Effects of Progressive Anterior Cervical Decompression. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Philadelphia, PA, April 25-30, 1998.

53. Fehlings MG, Rao SC, Tator CH, Skaf G, Arnold P, Benzel E, Cuddy B, Dickman CA, Green B, Hitchon P, Northrup B, Sonntag VKH, Wagner F, Wilberger J: A Multicenter Study to Define the Optimal Radiological Method of Assessing Spinal Canal Compromise and Cord Compression in Patients with Cervical Spinal Cord Injury. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Seattle, WA, October 1998.

54. Vishteh GA, Beals SP, Jganic EF, Reiff JL, Dickman CA: Bilateral Sagittal Split Mandibular Osteotomies as an Adjunct to the Transoral/ Transpalatal Approach to the Anterior Craniovertebral Junction. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Seattle, WA, October 1998.

55. Sawin PD, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF: Predictive Value of Intraoperative Spinal Cord Monitoring in Radical Resection of Intramedullary Spinal Cord Tumors. North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, October 31, 1998.

56. Sawin PD, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH, Spetzler RF: Surgical Treatment of Intramedullary Spinal Cord Tumors: Outcome Analysis of 152 Cases. North American Spine Society, San Francisco, CA, October 31, 1998.

57. Detwiler P, Porter RW, Stone K, Adams MS, Dickman CA: Preliminary Results with Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy: In situ Chain Transection Versus Resection. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, February 10-13, 1999.

58. Porter RW, Detwilrer PW, Stone K, Adams M, Gerber M, Dickman CA: Comparison of Single-Level Fusion Using Pedicle Screws or Interbody Fusion Devices. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, February 10-13, 1998.

59. Theodore N, Vishteh AG, Apstolides PJ, Karahalios DG, Crawford N, Chamberlain R, Dickman CA, Rekate HL, Sonntag VKH: Occipitocervical Fusion in A Pediatric Population: Long-Term Follow-Up and Detailed Osteometric Analysis. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty Ninth Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, October 30-November 4, 1999.

60. Detwiler PW, Porter RW, Stone K, Adams MS, Dickman CA: Eight and Ten Month Follow-Up with Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy: In Situ Chain Transection Versus Resection. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty Ninth Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, October 30-November 4, 1999.

61. Vishteh AG, Dickman CA: Anterior Lumbar Microdiscectomy in the Management of Recurrent Disc Herniation: Technical Note. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty Ninth Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, October 30-November 4, 1999.

62. Detwiler PW, Porter RW, Stone K, Han PP, Dickman CA: One Year Follow-up with Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy: In-situ Chain Transection Versus Resection. Anuual Meeting Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Palm Springs, CA, Fe3bruary 23-26, 2000.

63. Adams MS, Crawford NR, Chamberlain RH, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Biomechanical Comparison of Anterior Cervical Plating and Combined Anterior/Lateral Mass Plating. Annual Meeting Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Palm Springs, CA, February 23-26, 2000.

64. Han PP, Detwiler PW, Porter RW, Dickman CA: Outcomes and Complications of 179 Thoracoscopic Approaches to the Thoracic Spine. Annual Meeting Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Palm Springs, CA, February 23-26, 2000.

65. Theodore N, Huang WC, Duggal N, Rogers L, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Spinal Brachytherapy with I-125 for Malignant Tumors. Annual Meeting Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Palm Springs, CA, February 23-26, 2000.

66. Han PP, Dickman CA: Thoracoscopic Surgical Resection of Thoracic Neurogenic Tumors. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 8-13, 2000.

67. Theodore N, Huang W, Duggal N, Rogers L, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Spinal Brachytherapy with I-15 for Malignant Tumors. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, September 23-28, 2000.

68. Theodore N, Gonzalez LF, Spetzler CB, Porter RW, Zubay G, Hott J, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Vertebral Coccidioidal Infection: The Barrow Neurological Experience. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, September 23-28, 2000.

69. Han PP, Kenny K, Dickman CA: Barrow Neurological Institute Experience with Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy. 17th Annual Meeting. Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Phoenix, AZ February 14-17, 2001.

70. Henn, JF, Lemole GM, Cheng M, Zabramski JM, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Long-Term Survival After Occipitoatlantal Dislocation: Experience at One Institution. AANS Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 2001.

71. Gonzalez FL, Crawford NR, Chamberlain RH, Perez Garza LE, Preul MC, Nicholas T, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Craniovertebral Junction Fixation with Transarticular Screws: Biomechanical Analysis of Novel Technique. AANS 18th Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, March 1, 2002.

72. Bartolomei J, Das K, Crawford NR, Chamberlain RH, Park SC, Lynch JJ, Dickman CA, Sonntag VKH: Cervical Pedicle Screw/Plates or Lateral Mass Screws/Plates Combined with Anterior Plating: A Biomechanical In Vitro Study. AANS 18th Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, March 1, 2002.

73. Han PP, Park SC, Chamberlain, RH, Dickman CA, Crawford NR: Biomechanics of Lumbar Transvertebral Cage/Graft Fixtation. AANS 18th Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, March 2, 2002.

74. Duggal N, Crawford NR, Chamberlain RH, Park SC, Sonntag VKH, Dickman CA: Cervical Spine Facet Dislocation. AANS 18th Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, 2002.

75. Klopfenstein J, Kim L, Dickman CA: Retroperitoneal Approach for Instrumented Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Treatment of Lumbar Spondylolisthesis and Degenerative Foraminal Stenosis.Congress of Neurological Surgeons 52nd Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2002.

76. Gonzalez LF, Iman EF, Dickman CA: Occipitoatlantal Dislocation Treated with Occipital Condylar Transarticular Screw: A Novel Technique. AANS/CNS Meeting, Section on Disorders of the Spine & Peripheral Nerves, Tampa, Florida, 2003.

77. Bozkus MH, Chamberlain RH, Perez-Garza LE, Crawford NR, Dickman CA: Biomechanics of Anterolateral Plate & Pedicle Screw/ Rod Fixation for Enhancing Threaded Lumbar Interbody Fixation. AANS/CNS Meeting, Section on Disorders of the Spine & Peripheral Nerves, Tampa, Florida, 2003.

78. Lekovic GP, Han PP, Kenny KJ, Dickman CA: Bone Dowels in Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. AANS/ CNS Meeting, Section on Disorders of the Spine & Peripheral Nerves, Tampa, Florida, 2003.

Practical Cources

1. Practical Techniques in Spinal Instrumentation: TSRH Instrumentation. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Universtiy of Florida, Orlando, Florida, September 6-10, 1992.

2. Thoracolumbar Stabilization Workshop: Pedicle Screw Fixation for the Lumbar Spine. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Washington, D.C., November 1, 1992.

3. Pedicle Screw Fixation for the Thoracic-Lumbar Spine: Anterior Cevical Screw-Plate Stabilization. Barrow Neurological Institute, Fifth Annual Spine Workshop, Scottsdale, Arizona, November 15-17, 1992.

4. Cervical Spine Stabilization Course: Atlantoaxial Stabilization Techniques. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Ninth Annual Meeting, Tucson , Arizona, February 17, 1993.

5. Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Stabilization Course: TSRH Instrumentation for the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Ninth Annual Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, February 20, 1993.

6. Surgical Management of Thoracolumbar Instability: Pedicle Screw Fixation and Universal Hook-Rod Instrumentation for the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine: Practical Clinics VII and XVI. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-First Annual Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, April 24-25, 1993.

7. Thoracolumbar Spinal Instrumentation: A Hands on Approach (course IV): Posterior Operative Approaches to the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Canadian Congress of Neurological Sciences, XXVIII Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, June 16-19, 1993.

8. Practical Techniques in Spinal Instrumentation: Anterior Cervical Decompression and Reconstruction Techniques. University of Florida, August 1-5, 1993.

9. Cervical Spine Instrumentation Practical Course: Practical Techniques for C1-C2 Wiring, C1-C2 Screw Fixation and Occipitocervical Fusion. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Vancouver, British Columbia, October 3, 1993.

10. Anterior Cervical Spine Stabilization Course: Odontoid Screw Fixation. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Tenth Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 9, 1994.

11. Posterior Cervical Spine Stabilization Course: Biomechanics of Posterior Cervical Fixation Devices (Course Director). Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Tenth Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, February 9, 1994.

12. Craniocervical Junction: Approaches and Treatment (Practical Clinic IV): Odontoid Screw Fixation and Posterior Atlantoaxial Facet Screw Fixation. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Second Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, April 9-14, 1994.

13. Spine Surgery: Hands-on, a Comprehensive Approaches for Neurosurgeons: C1-2 Biomechanics, Techniques of Screws Fixation of the Cervical Spine, Occipitocervical Fixation, Posterior Cervical Wiring Fixation, Lateral Mass Fixation, Pedicle Screw Fixation. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Professional Development Course, Albuquerque, New Mexico, May 21-27, 1994.

14. Anterior Surgical Approaches to the Spine: Transoral Approaches to the Craniovertebral Junction, Lateral Extracavitary Approach to the Thoracic Spine. University of Tennessee Anatomy Lab, Memphis, Tennessee, July 30-31, 1994.

15. Practical Techniques in Spinal Instrumentation: Anatomy and Instrumentation of the Lumbar Spine. University of Florida, Orlando, Florida, August 29-September 1, 1994.

16. Stabilization of the Craniovertebral Junction, Practical Course 009 & 021: (Course Director). Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fourth Annual Meeting Chicago, Illinois, October 2, 1994.

17. Spine Workshop: Physiology of Bone Healing, Pharmacologic Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury, Anterior Screw Plate Fixation, Posterior Wiring Techniques, Posterior Lateral Mass Fixation Techniques, Odontoid Screw Fixation, Atlantoaxial Facet Screw Fixation. Post Graduate Neurosurgery Course, Sao Paolo School of Medicine, Sao Paolo, Brazil, October 27-28, 1994.

18. Sixth Annual Spine Workshop: Biomechanics of the Spine Pedicle Fixation: Anterior Cervical Screw-Plate Stabilization Thoracic-Lumbar Stabilization-Anterior. Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona, November 10-12, 1994.

19. Cervical Spine Instrumentation Workshop: Occipitocervical Fixation, Posterior Atlantoaxial Faceti Screw Fixation, Cannulated Screw Fixation for the Cervical Spine. Joint Section of Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Eleventh Annual Meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, February 17, 1995.

20. Thoracoscopic Approaches for Pathology of the Thoracic Spine: (Workshop Director) Thoracoscopic Discectomy, Vertebrectomy, Reconstruction, Fusion and Fixation. Ethicon Endo-Surgery Institute, Cincinnati, Ohio, March 1-3, 1995.

21. Craniocervical Junction: Approaches and Treatment (Practical Clinic 004). American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Sixty-Third Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, April 22-27, 1995

22. Spinal Surgery: Hands-On. A Comprehensive Approach for Neurosurgeons: Introduction to Thoracoscopy, C1-2 Biomechanics, Techniques of Screw Fixation of The Cervical Spine, Occipitocervical Fixation, Posterior Cervical Wire Fixation, Lateral Mass Fixation. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Professional Development Course, Albuquerque, New Mexico, May 21-27, 1995.

23. Thoracoscopic Approaches for the Treatment of Thoracic Spinal Pathology: (Workshop Director) Surgical Techniques: Thoracic Discectomy, Vertebrectomy and Vertebral Reconstruction. Barrow Neurological Institute, Spine Workshop, Phoenix, Arizona, June 1-3, 1995.

24. Thoracoscopic Approaches for the Treatment of Thoracic Spinal Pathology: (Workshop Director) Surgical Techniques: Thoracic Discectomy, Vertebrectomy and Vertebral Reconstruction. Barrow Neurological Institute Spine Workshop, Phoenix, Arizona, August 30-September 2, 1995.

25. Anterior Surgical Approaches to the Spine. Medical Education Research Institute, Memphis, Tennessee, September 30-October 1, 1995.

26. Cervical Spine Instrumentation I: C2-T1. (Workshop Director) Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fifth Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, October 14-19, 1995.

27. Cervical Spine Instrumentation II: Occiput-C2. (Workshop Director) Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Fifth Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, October 14-19, 1995.

28. Thoracoscopic Approaches for the Treatment of Thoracic Spinal Pathology: (Workshop Director) Surgical Techniques: Thoracic Discectomy, Vertebrectomy and Vertebral Reconstruction. Barrow Neurological Institute Spine Workshop, Phoenix, Arizona, January 4-6, 1996.

29. Cervical Stabilization: (Course Director) Joint Section on the Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Twelfth Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, February 28-March 1, 1996.

30. Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery: (Lecture): Joint Section on the Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Twelfth Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, February 28-March 1, 1996.

31. Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Workshop. (Lecture) Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery. Southern Neurosurgical Society Meeting, Miami Florida, March 31, 1996.

32. Thoracoscopic Approaches for the Treatment of Thoracic spinal Pathology: (Workshop Director) Surgical Techniques:Thoracic Discectomy, Vertebrectomy and Vertebral Reconstruction. Barrow Neurological Institute Spine Workshop, Phoenix, Arizona, June 6-8, 1996.

33. Thoracoscopy: (Course Director) Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty-Sixth Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, September 28-October 3, 1996.

34. Practical Course on Microsurgical Endoscopic Spine Approaches: Thoracic Spine. Aesculap Orthopaedics Spine Course, Tuttlingen, Germany, November 14-15, 1996.

35. Thoracoscopic Release. Total Spine: Advanced Concepts and Constructs, Third Annual International Course, Cancun, Mexico 1-3, 1997.

36. Endoscopic Discectomy. Total Spine: Advanced Concepts and Constructs, Third Annual International Course, Cancun, Mexico 1-3, 1997.

37. Special Course III - Occipito Cervical Stabilization (Course Director) AANS / CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Thirteenth Annual Meeting, Newport Beach, California, February 19-22, 1997.

38. Thoracoscopic Discectomy. Endoscopic Surgery of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine, Beth Isreal Medical Center, March 7-8, 1997.

39. Thoracoscopy. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, New Orleans, Louisiana, September 27, 1997.

40. Basics of Threaded Interbody Adjuncts for Lumbar Fusion. (Course Director) Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Rancho Mirage, California, February 11, 1998.

41. Special Course XI-Threaded Interbody Adjuncts for Lumbar Fusion Hands-On Lab. (Course Director) Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Rancho Mirage, California, February 14, 1998.

42. Lumbar Interbody Fusion and Interbody Techniques. (Course Director) The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, April 26, 1998.

43. Overview of Endoscopic Spinal Surgery. (Course Director) The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, April 30, 1998.

44. Thoracoscopic and Laparoscopic Approaches to the Thoracolumber Spine (Course Director) The Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Seattle, WA, October 3, 1998.

45. Endoscopy for the "Adult" Neurosurgeon. The American Association for Neurological Surgeons, New Orleans, LA, April 26, 1999.

46. Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery. (Course Director) Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Forty Ninth Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, October 20, 1999.

47. Thoracoscopic Discectomy. (Course Director) American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 9, 2000.

48. Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery. (Course Director) Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, September 24, 2000.

49. Spinal Endoscopic Techniques. (Faculty) AANS Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 21, 2001.

50. Transoral Approaches to the Spine. (Faculty) AANS Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, April 22, 2001.

51. Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery. (Course Director) CNS 51st Annual Meeting, San Diego California, September 30, 2001.

52. Thoracoscopic Spinal Surgery. (Course Director) Barrow Neurological Institute Phoenix, Arizona, January 27-28, 2003.

Articles Written by Curtis A. Dickman, MD

Glossary of Clinical Trial Terminology

The Clinical Trial Glossary can help you understand the terminology used in these important studies overseen by the vigilance of the US Food and Drug Administration.

Potential Benefits of Participating in a Clinical Trial

Perhaps you've thought about enrolling in a clinical trial, or you simply want to know more about them. This article explains the potential benefits of being part of a clinical trials and provides valuable questions to ask.

How Clinical Trials are Conducted

Can you participate in a clinical trial for your back pain or neck pain? Read more about how clinical trials work.

Articles Reviewed by Curtis A. Dickman, MD

Pediatric Spinal Cord Tumors

Spinal cord tumors in children are rare, but they do happen. In fact, tumors of the nervous system are the most common type of solid tumors (those not originating in the blood or bone marrow) found in children. Spinal cord tumors can be life threatening if left untreated.

Low Back and Leg Pain is Lumbar Radiculopathy

Lumbar radiculopathy refers to pain in the lower extremities in a dermatomal pattern. A dermatome is a specific area in the lower extremity that has nerves going to it from a specific lumbar nerve.

Is Your Work Space Spine-Friendly?

By avoiding excessive strain on your spine, you can leave your office feeling as refreshed as when you came to work. Learn 5 easy things you can do to make your work space more spine-friendly.

Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF)

PLIF is a spinal fusion that is performed from the back, by placing bone or cages within the disc space. Learn more about this effective surgical treatment here.

Pain Dictionary for Patients

A dictionary of terms associated with back pain for patients.

Anterior Disectomy and Fusion Using Simmons Keystone Technique: Discussion

A discussion of the two cases involving anterior discectomy and fusion using the Simmons Keystone technique.

Open Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF) - An Introduction

If a patient with serious, long-term low back pain is not helped by nonoperative programs, a surgical procedure such as anterior lumbar interbody fusion might be considered.

Spine Specialists On-Call: Paralysis - How Close Are We to Walking Again?

Medical and allied health professionals define paralysis in terms of function. Some patients have what are called incomplete spinal cord injuries.

Spinal Cord Injury: Treating Paralysis

Treatment in a rehab center is geared towards helping the patient maximize their ability to function and to prevent complications that typically occur with a spinal cord injury (SCI). Learn the typical treatments for SCI.

Treatment of Pediatric Spinal Cord Tumors

Surgery is performed to remove or reduce the size of the tumor and alleviate the pressure ont he spinal column caused by the tumor.

5 Tips to a Spine-Friendly Work Space

Five tips to help make your work space spine-friendly. Get tips on the best chair, where you should place the computer, and how to sit properly.

Financial Disclosures

SpineUniverse, a Vertical Health, LLC website, is committed to ensuring that the medical information it presents is accurate, balanced, objective, and trustworthy. 

To help achieve this goal, SpineUniverse requires all authors, editors, and reviewers to disclose any financial relationships or affiliations they have with companies whose products or services may be mentioned in the content they author, edit, or review.

The intent of this policy is to identify any perceived, potential, or real conflicts of interest so that readers can make their own judgments about the value of information being presented.

Author's Statement

I, or an immediate family member, have a financial interest(s) or affiliation(s) with the following commercial companies whose products and / or services may be mentioned in the materials I have authored, edited or reviewed for presentation on Vertical Health, LLC’s websites.

Disclosed Relationships

Stock/Shareholder
Johnson & Johnson, Medtronic, TranS1
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Medtronic, DePuy Spine, TranS1
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