Edward C. Benzel, MD's portrait
Edward C. Benzel, MD
Chairman
Cleveland Clinic Spine Institute
Cleveland, OH

About Edward C. Benzel, MD

At the Cleveland Clinic, Dr. Edward Benzel is Chairman of the Cleveland Clinic Spine Institute with Joint Appointments in the Departments of Neurosurgery and Orthopaedic Surgery. He is also Vice Chairman of the Department of Neurosurgery and Program Director for the Neurosurgery Residency Training Program. In 2001 and 2002, Dr. Benzel received the Teacher of Year award. Previous appointments included Professor and Chief of the Division of Neurosurgery at the University of New Mexico. While in New Mexico, he trained many neurosurgery residents and research fellows, as well as postgraduate clinical fellows and postgraduate spine research fellows. During this time, Dr. Benzel received the award for Faculty Excellence in Post-Graduate Clinical (Resident) Teaching.

Dr. Benzel earned a Medical Degree at the Medical College of Wisconsin, and received the Millman Award as the student who best exemplifies the characteristics of an ideal physician. He continued his medical training at the Medical College of Wisconsin with an internship and residency in Neurosurgery and a fellowship in Spine Surgery and Spinal Cord Injury.

Dr. Benzel is an active member and leader within many professional organizations including: American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS), Congress of Neurological Surgery (CNS), Cervical Spine Research Society (CSRS), North American Spine Society (NASS), American Syringomyelia Alliance Project (ASAP), and Society of Neurological Surgeons (SNS).

Dr. Benzel was Meeting Chair for the World Spine II (WSII) Meeting convening in Chicago, Illinois, August 10-13, 2003. The WSII meeting, which is predominantly an initiative of NASS and AANS/CNS Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerve, directly addressed the issues of world spine health. Speakers from the World Health Organization, American Medical Association, and a variety of Western and third-world Countries provided a much needed insight into world spine health.

Dr. Benzel has seven US Patents in the area of spine surgery. Dr. Benzel is on the Editorial Review Board of numerous scientific journals in the field of spine and neurosurgery. A prolific author of scientific research, Dr. Benzel has authored six books. In addition to writing full books, he has contributed 109 chapters to medical texts and edited 13 books. Dr. Benzel also writes commentaries, letters, and reviews for various professional spine journals. Articles written by Dr. Benzel for peer-reviewed journals amount to 127. His research is published in over 272 abstracts. Besides publishing research, Dr. Benzel is frequently invited as a visiting professor, speaker and instructor at hospitals, universities and major medical meetings.

In 1996, the American Academy of Neurological and Orthopedic Surgeons awarded Dr. Benzel the Lifetime Achievement Award.

Publications

Publications
l. Benzel EC, Larson SJ: Operative Stabilization of the Post-Traumatic Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Surgical Forum 33:507-509, 1982

2. Sanger J, Maiman D, Matloub H, Benzel E, Gingrass R: Management of Chronic Osteomyelitis of the Skull Using a Vascularized Omental Transfer. Surg Neurol 18:267-270, 1982

3. Barolat-Romana G, Benzel EC: Spinal Intradural Extra-Arachnoid Metastasis. Surg Neurol 19:137-143, 1983

4. Gerlock AJ, Mirfakhraee M, Benzel EC: Computed Tomography of Traumatic Atlantooccipital Dislocation. Neurosurgery 13:316-319, 1983

5. Maiman D, Larson SJ, Benzel EC: Neurological Improvement Associated with Late Decompression of the Thoracolumbar Spinal Cord. Neurosurgery l4:302-307, 1984

6. LeBlanc KA, Benzel EC: Trauma to the High Cervical Carotid Artery. J of Trauma 24:992-996, 1984

7. Mirfakhraee M, Benzel EC, Crofford MJ, Guinto FC, Giyanani VL, Gerlock AJ, Sadree A: External Carotid Artery Angioplasty in Cerebrovascular Insufficiency. Radiographics 4:423-441, 1984

8. Mirfakhraee M, Benzel EC, Crofford MJ, et al: Metrizamide CT Shuntography for Evaluation of Shunt Malfunction in Hydrocephalus. Am J Neuro Radiology 6:815-822, 1985

9. Benzel EC, Kessler C: The Correlation of Early Postoperative Angiographic Flow with Neurologic Outcome Following Elective STA-MCA Bypass Surgery for Atherosclerotic Cerebrovascular Insufficiency. Schumpert Medical Quarterly 4:119-127, 1985

10. Benzel EC, Shockley W, Giyanani VL, Husbands HS: Primary Pituitary Abscess. Surg Neurol 25:571-574, 1986

11. Benzel EC, King JW, Mirfakhraee M, West BC, Misra RP, Hadden TA: Blastomycotic Meningitis. Surg Neurol 26:192-196, 1986

12. Benzel EC, Larson SJ: Operative Stabilization of the Posttraumatic Thoracic and Lumbar Spine: A Comparative Analysis of the Harrington Distraction Rod and the Modified Weiss Spring. Neurosurgery 19:378-385, 1986

13. Benzel EC, Sittig KM, Mirfakhraee M: Internal Carotid Artery Stump Angioplasty for the Treatment of Cerebrovascular Occlusive Disease. J Neurosurg 65:461-464, 1986

14. Coleman JE, Benzel EC, Hadden TA: Gunshot Wounds to the Spinal Cord and Cauda Equina in Civilians. Surg Forum 37:496-498, 1986

15. Benzel EC, Larson SJ: Functional Recovery After Decompressive Operation for Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Fractures. Neurosurgery 19:772-778, 1986

16. Benzel EC, Larson SJ: Recovery of Nerve Root Function After Complete Quadriplegia From Cervical Spine Fractures. Neurosurgery 19:809-812, 1986

17. Benzel EC, Chesson AL: Computed Tomography Number Correlations for Metrizamide Computed Tomographic Ventriculography. Surg Neurol 27:126-130, 1987

18. Benzel EC, Hadden TA, Coleman JA: Civilian Gunshot Wounds to the Spinal Cord and Cauda Equina. Neurosurgery 20:281-285, 1987

19. Benzel EC, Mirfarkhraee M: Complete Homonymous Hemianopsia: Reversal with Arterial Bypass. So Med Jour 80:249-253, 1987

20. Benzel EC, LeBlanc KA, Hadden TA, Willis BK: Management of a Large Skull Defect Utilizing a Vascularized Free Omental Transfer. Surg Neurol 27:223-227, 1987

21. Benzel EC, Kessler CW: Angiography Following Extracranial-Intra-Cranial Bypass Surgery. Surg Neurol 27:585-586, 1987

22. Benzel EC, Larson SJ: Functional Recovery After Decompressive Spine Operation for Cervical Spine Fractures. Neurosurgery 20:742-746, 1987

23. Mirfakhraee M, Benzel EC, Crofford MJ, Giyanani VL, Gerlock AJ, Guinto FC: Combined CT Metrizamide Syringography and Needle Aspiration of Cystic Intramedullary Spinal Cord Lesions. Spine 12:214-221, 1987

24. Benzel EC, Mirfarkhraee, M, Hadden TA, Fowler M: Holocord Astrocytoma: A Two-Stage Operative Approach. Spine 12:746-749, 1987

25. Levine SN, Benzel EC, Fowler MR, Shroyer JV, Mirfakhraee M: Lymphocytic Adenohypophysitis: Clinical, Radiological, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Characterization. Neurosurgery 22:937-941, 1988

26. Benzel EC, Kesterson L: Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass Surgery for the Management of Vasospasm After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Surg Neurol 30:231-234, 1988

27. Benzel EC, Gelder FB: Correlation Between Sex Hormone Binding and Peritumoral Edema in Intracranial Meningiomas. Neurosurgery 23:169-174, 1988

28. Benzel EC, Morris DM, Fowler MR: Nerve Sheath Tumors of the Sciatic Nerve and Sacral Plexus. J Surg Oncol 39:8-16, 1988

29. Benzel EC, Barolat-Romana G, Larson SJ: Femoral Obturator and Sciatic Neurectomy with Iliacus and Psoas Muscle Section for Spasticity Following Spinal Cord Injury. Spine 13:905-908, 1988

30. Benzel EC, Megison DP: Ventriculo-Pleural Shunting for Adult Hydrocephalus. B J Neurosurg 2:503-505, 1988

31. Benzel EC, Hadden TA, Saulsbery CM: A Comparison of the Minerva and Halo Jackets for Stabilization of the Cervical Spine. J Neurosurg 70:411-414, 1989

32. Benzel EC, Prejean CA, Hadden TA: Pulsatile Dysesthesia and an Axillary Artery Pseudoaneurysm Associated with a Penetrating Axillary Artery Injury. Surg Neurol 31:400-401, 1989

33. Benzel EC, Larson SJ: Postoperative Stabilization of the Posttraumatic Thoracic and Lumbar Spine: A Review of Concepts and Orthotic Techniques. J Spinal Disord 2:47-51, 1989

34. Benzel EC, Musgrove CC, Kesterson L: Naloxone and Mortality in the Gerbil Stroke Model. South Med J 82:555-557, 1989

35. Benzel EC, Kesterson L: Posterior Cervical Interspinous Compression Wiring and Fusion for Mid to Low Cervical Spinal Injuries. J Neurosurg 70:893-899, 1989

36. Benzel EC, Gross CD, Hadden TA, Kesterson L, Landreneau MD: The Apnea Test for the Determination of Brain Death. J Neurosurg 71:191-194, 1989

37. Benzel EC, Hadden TA: Neurologic Manifestations of Child Abuse. South Med J 82:1347-1351, 1989

38. Benzel EC: The Lateral Extracavitary Approach to the Spine Using the Three-Quarter Prone Position. J Neurosurg 71:837-841, 1989

39. Benzel EC, Hadden TA, Nossaman BD, Lancon J, Kesterson L: Does Sufentanil Exacerbate Marginal Neurological Dysfunction? J Neurosurg Anesth 2:50-52, 1990

40. Brown MF, Benzel EC: Morbidity and Mortality Associated with Rapid Control of Systemic Hypertension in Patients with Intracranial Hemorrhages. J Neurosurg Anesth 2: 53-55, 1990

41. Benzel EC: Current Management of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus. Contemporary Neurosurgery 12 (25), 199

42. Benzel EC, Pelletier AL, Levy PG: Communicating Hydrocephalus in Adults: Prediction of Outcome After Ventricular Shunting Procedures. Neurosurgery 26:655-660, 1990

43. Benzel EC, Thammavaram K, Kesterson L: The Diagnosis of Infections Associated with Acrylic Cranioplasties. Neuroradiology 32:151-153, 1990

44. Thammavaram KV, Benzel EC, Kesterson L: Fascia Lata Graft as a Dural Substitute in Neurosurgery. South Med J 83:634-636, 1990

45. Benzel EC, Lancon JA, Bairnsfather S, Kesterson L: Effect of Dosage and Timing of Administration of Naloxone on Outcome in the Rat Ventral Compression Model of Spinal Cord Injury. Neurosurgery 27:597-601, 1990

46. Benzel EC, Lancon JA, Thomas MM, Beal JA, Hoffpauir GM, Kesterson L: A New Rat Spinal Cord Injury Model: A Ventral Compression Technique. J Spinal Disord 3:334-338, 1990

47. Benzel EC, Hoffpauir GM, Thomas MM, Beal JA, Lancon JA, Kesterson L: Dose-Dependent Effects of Naloxone and Methylprednisolone in the Ventral Compression Model of Spinal Cord Injury. J Spinal Disord 3:339-344, 1990

48. Benzel EC, Thammavaram K, Kesterson L, Nachbar JM: A New Method of Methylmethacrylate Fixation in Skull Reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg 87:153-156, 1991

49. Benzel EC, Mirfakhraee M, Hadden TA: Evaluation of CSF Shunt Function: Value of Functional Examination with Contrast Material. AJNR 12:143-147, 1991 49b. Benzel EC, Mirfakhraee M, Hadden TA: Evaluation of CSF Shunt Function: Value of Functional Examination with Contrast Material. AJR 156: April, 1991

50. Benzel EC, Day WT, Kesterson L, Willis BK, Kessler CW, Modling D, Hadden TA: Civilian Craniocerebral Gunshot Wounds. Neurosurgery 29:67-72, 1991

51. Kesterson L, Benzel E, Orrison W, Coleman J: Evaluation and Treatment of Atlas Burst Fractures (Jefferson Fractures). J Neurosurg 75:213-220, 1991

52. Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Marchand EP: Texas Scottish Rite Hospital Rod Instrumentation for Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Trauma. J Neurosurg 75:382-387, 1991

53. Benzel EC, Lancon J, Kesterson L, Hadden T: Cervical Laminectomy and Dentate Ligament Section for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy. J Spinal Disord 4:286-295, 1991

54. Benzel EC: Euthanasia, the "Good Death"!. Surg Neurol 36:423-425, 1991

55. Benzel EC, Hoppens KD: Factors Associated with Postoperative Hypertension Complicating Carotid Endarterectomy. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 112:8-12, 1991

56. Benzel EC, Khare V, Fowler MR: Effects of Naloxone and Nalmefene in Rat Spinal Cord Injury Induced by the Ventral Compression Technique. J Spinal Disord 5:75-77, 1992

57. Boyd SW, Benzel EC: The Role of Early Tracheotomy in the Management of the Neurosurgical Patient. Laryngoscope 102:559-562, 1992

58. Benzel EC, Mashburn JP, Conrad S, Modling D: Apnea Testing for the Determination of Brain Death: A Modified Protocol. J Neurosurg 76:1029-1031, 1992

59. Benzel EC, McMillan R, Fowler MR, Landreneau MD, Kesterson L, Payne DL: Histological Comparison of Autogenous Canine Fascia Lata, Gore-Tex, Lyophilized Human Fascia Lata, and Autogenous Canine Vein for Vascular Patch Graft Material in a Canine Arteriotomy Model. Neurosurgery 31:108-113, 1992

60. Benzel EC, Reeves JD, Kesterson L, Hadden TA: Slit Ventricle Syndrome in Children: Clinical Presentation and Treatment. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 117:7-14, 1992

61. Benzel EC, Larson SJ, Kerk JJ, Millington PJ, Novak SM, Falkner RH, Wenninger WJ: The Thermoplastic Minerva Body Jacket: A Clinical Comparison with Other Cervical Spine Splinting Techniques. J Spinal Disord 5:311-319, 1992

62. Owen PG, Willis BK, Benzel EC: Torulopsis Glabrata Vertebral Osteomyelitis. J Spinal Disord 5:370- 373, 1992

63. Vining DJ, Benzel EC, Orrison W: Childhood Odontoid Fractures Evaluated with Computerized Tomography. J Neurosurg 77:795-798, 1992

64. Benzel EC, Lewine JD, Bucholz RD, Orrison WW: Magnetic Source Imaging: A Review of the Magnes System of Biomagnetic Technologies Incorporated. Neurosurgery 33:252-259, 1993

65. Benzel EC: Short-Segment Compression Instrumentation for Selected Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Fractures: The Short-Rod/Two-Claw Technique. J Neurosurg 79:335-340, 1993

66. Benzel EC, Reeves JP, Nguyen PK, Hadden TA: The Treatment of Hydrocephalus in Preterm Infants with Intraventricular Hemorrhage. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 122:200-203, 1993

67. Benzel EC, Ball PA, Baldwin NG, Marchand EP: The Sequential Hook Insertion Technique for Universal Spine Instrumentation Application. J Neurosurg 79:608-611, 1993

68. Benzel EC: Spine Surgery and the Neurosurgeon. Surg Neurol 40:347-348, 1993

69. Champlin AM, Rael J, Benzel EC, Kesterson L, King JN, Orrison WW, Mirfakhraee M: Preoperative Spinal Angiography for Lateral Extracavitary Approach to Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. AJNR 15:73- 74, 1994

70. Benzel EC, Bridges RM, Hadden TA, Orrison WW: The Single Burr Hole Technique for the Evacuation of Non-Acute Subdural Hematomas. J Trauma 36:190-194, 1994

71. Willis BK, Greiner F, Orrison WW, Benzel EC: The Incidence of Vertebral Artery Injury After Midcervical Spine Fracture or Subluxation. Neurosurgery 34:435-442, 1994

72. Ball PA, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG: A Simple Method to Ensure Proper Screw Position and Plate Size Selection Using the Morscher Cervical Spine Locking Plate. Technical note. J Neurosurg 80:748-749, 1994

73. Benzel EC, Hart BL, Ball PA, Baldwin NG, Orrison WW, Espinosa M: Fractures of the C2 Vertebral Body. J Neurosurg 81:206-212, 1994

74. Baldwin NG, Benzel EC: Sacral Fixation Using Iliac Instrumentation and a Variable-Angle Screw Device. J Neurosurg 81:313-316, 1994

75. Sutton RL, Hovda DA, Adelson PD, Benzel EC, Becker DP: Metabolic Changes Following Cortical Contusion: Relationships to Edema and Morphological Changes. Acta Neurochir (Suppl) 60:446-448, 1994

76. Benzel EC, Baldwin NG: Crossed-Screw Fixation of the Unstable Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. J Neurosurg 83:11-16, 1995

77. Orrison WW, Benzel EC, Willis BK, Hart BL, Espinosa MC: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Evaluation of Acute Spine Trauma. Emergency Radiology 2:1-9, 1995

78. McCormack BM, Benzel EC, Adams MS, Baldwin NG, Rupp FW, Maher DJ: Anatomy of the Thoracic Pedicle. Neurosurgery 37:303-308, 1995

79. Mirfakhraee M, Benzel EC, Guinto FC, Crofford MJ, Binet EF: Unusual Subclavian Steal: Bidirectional and Antegrade Blood Flow in the Vertebral Artery. Neuroradiology 37:503-511,1995

80. Baldwin NG, Hartman GP, Weiser MW, Benzel EC: Failure of a Titanium Anterior Cervical Plate Implant: Microstructural Analysis of Failure. J Neurosurg 83:741-743, 1995

81. Benzel EC, Rupp FW, McCormack BM, Baldwin NG, Anson JA, Adams MS: A Comparison of Fluoroscopy and Computed Tomography-Derived Volumetric Multiple Exposure Transmission Holography for the Guidance of Lumbar Pedicle Screw Insertion. Neurosurgery 37:711-716, 1995

82. Orrison WW, Benzel EC, Willis BK, Hart BL, Espinsoa MC: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Evaluation of Acute Spine Trauma. Emergency Radiology. May/June: 120128,1995

83. Schob OM, Allen DC, Benzel EC, Curet MJ, Adams MS, Baldwin NG, Largiader F, Zucker KA: A Comparison of the Pathophysiologic Effects of Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide, and Helium Pneumoperitoneum on Intracranial Pressure. Am J Surg 172:248-253, 1996

84. Benzel EC, Parisi BS: Surgical Needle Design: Torsion Resistance. Neurosurgery 39:867-70, 1996

85. Benzel EC, Hart BL, Ball PA, Baldwin NG, Orrison WW, Espinosa MC: Magnetic Resonance Imaging for the Evaluation of Patients with Occult Cervical Spine Injury. J Neurosurg 85:824-829, 1996

86. Naderi S, Benzel EC, Baldwin: Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Surgical Decision Making. Neurosurgical Focus 1 (December; 6), 14 pps, 1996 (www.aans.org/journals/online_j/dec96/1-6-1.html)

87. Naderi S, Alberstone CD, Rupp FW, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG: Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Treated with Corpectomy: Technique and Results in 44 Patients. Neurosurgical Focus 1 (December; 6), 9 pps, 1996 (www.aans.org/journals/online_j/dec96/1-6-5.html)

88. Rodriguez DJ, Benzel EC, Clevenger FW: The Metabolic Response to Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord 35:599-604, 1997

89. Benzel EC: Biomechanics of Cervical Spine Surgery for Tumor and Degenerative Diseases. Neurol Med Chir 37(8):583-593, 1997

90. Halliday AL, Henderson BR, Hart BL, Benzel EC: The Management of Unilateral Lateral Mass/Facet Fractures of the Subaxial Cervical Spine: The Use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Predict Instability. Spine 22:2614-2621, 1997

91. Alberstone CD, Benzel EC: The Control of Blood Loss During Spinal Surgery: Hemostasis and the Lateral Extracavitary Approach. Contemporary Surgery 5:5-12, 1997

92. Benzel EC: Biomechanics of Cervical Spine Surgery for Tumor and Degenerative Diseases. Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica (Tokyo) 37: 583-593, 1997

93. Alberstone CD, Benzel EC, Garcia D: Neurosurgery in the Marketplace. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Bulletin (Spring): 13, 1998

94. Benzel EC: Redefining Neurosurgery to Meet New Market Demands. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Bulletin (Spring): 15-2, 1998

95. Alberstone CD, Benzel EC, Rupp FW: Holographic Imaging in Spine Surgery: Overview and Clinical Applications. Medscape Orthopedics and Sports Medicine 2(2), 1998

96. Resnick DK, Benzel EC: Lateral Extracavitary Approach for Thoracic and Thoracolumbar Spine Trauma: Operative Complications. Neurosurgery 43:796- 803,1998

97. Barnett HJM, Taylor DW, Eliasziw M, et al ( including participants in NASCET): Benefit of Carotid Endarterectomy in Patients with Symptomatic Moderate or Severe Stenosis. NEJM 339:1415-1425 (November 12),1998

98. Lesnik PG, Cieslielski KT, Hart BL, Benzel EC, Sanders JA: Evidence for Cerebellar-Frontal Subsystem Changes in Children Treated with Intrathecal Chemotherapy for Leukemia. Arch Neurol 55:1561-1568,1998

99. Fehlings MG, Rao SC, Tator CH, Skaf G, Arnold P, Benzel EC, Dickman C, Cuddy B, Green B, Hitchon P, Northrup B, Sonntag V, Wagner F, Wilberger J: The Optimal Radiologic Method for Assessing Spinal Canal Compromise and Cord Compression in Patients with Cervical Spinal Cord Injury. Part II: Results of a Multicenter Study. Spine 24:605-613,1999

100. Ciesielski KT, Lesnik PG, Benzel EC, Hart BL, Sanders JA: MRI Morphometry of Mamillary Bodies, Caudate Nuclei, and Prefontal Cortices after Chemotherapy for Childhood Leukemia: Multivariate Models of Early and Late Developing Memory Subsystems. Behavioral Neuroscience 11(3):1-12,1999

101. D’Alise MD, Benzel EC, Hart BL: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Evaluation of the Cervical Spine in the Comatose or Obtunded Trauma Patient. J Neurosurgery (Spine) 91:54-59,1999

102. Alberstone CA, Skirboll SL, Benzel EC, Sanders JA, Hart BL, Baldwin NG, Tessman CL, Davis JT, Lee RR: Magnetic Source Imaging and Brain Surgery: Presurgical and Intraoperative Planning in 26 Patients. J Neurosurg 92:79-90, 2000

103. Ordonez BJ, Benzel EC, Naderi S, Weller SJ: Cervical Facet Dislocation: Techniques for Ventral Reduction and Stabilization. J Neurosurg (Spine) 92:18-23, 2000

104. Alberstone CD, Benzel EC: Cervical Spine Complications in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients. Postgraduate Medicine 107:199-208, 2000

105. Benzel EC, Ball PA: Management of Low Lumbar Fractures by Dorsal Decompression, Fusion, and Lumbosacral Laminar Distraction Fixation. J Neurosurg (Spine) 92:142-148, 2000

106. Coleman WP, Benzel E, Cahil DW, Ducker T, Geisler F, Green B, Gropper MR, Goffin J, Madsen PW, Maiman DJ, Ondra SL, Rosner M, Sasso RC, Trost GR, Zeidman S: A Critical Appraisal of the Reporting of the National Acute Spinal Cord Injury Studies (II and III) of Methylprednisolone in Acute Spinal Cord Injury. Journal of Spinal Disorders 13(3):185-199, 2000

107. McCormick WE, Will SF, Benzel EC. Surgery for thoracic disc disease. Complication avoidance: Overview and Management. Neurosurgery Focus 9(4):Article 13, 2000

108. Oktenoglu BT, Ferrara LA, Andalkar N, Ozer AF, Sarioglu AC, Benzel EC. The Effect of Hole Preparation on Screw Pullout Resistance and Insertional Torque: A Biomechanical Study. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, 94:91-96, 2001

109. Oktenoglu BT, Ozer AF, Ferrara LA, Andalkar N, Sarioglu AC, Benzel EC. The Effect of Cervical Spine Posture on Axial Load Bearing Ability: A Biomechanical Study. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, 94:108-114, 2001

110. Doh JW, Halliday AL, Baldwin NG, Benzel EC. Spinal Stabilization by using crossed-screw anteriorposterior fixation after multisegmental total spondylectomy for thoracic chondrosarcoma. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, 94:279-283, 2001

111. Benzel EC, Leon SP. Orthopaedics Surgical Management – Enhancing Cervical Spine Fusion. Surgical Module – Medscape Orthopaedics Surgical Management Website – valid for 1 hour of AMA category 1 credit, April 2001

112. Ferrara LA, Benzel EC: Biomechanics of Interbody Fusion. Techniques in Neurosurgery, Vol 7: (2): 100-109, 2001

113. Benzel EC, Ferrara LA, Kowalski R. Biomechanics of Bone Fusion. Neurosurgery Focus 10(4):Article 2, April 2001. (http://www.neurosurgery.org/focus/apr01/10-4-2.pdf)

114. Albrecht RM, Kingsley D, Schermer CR, Demarest GB, Benzel EC, Hart BL. Evaluation of Cervical Spine in Intensive Care Patients following Blunt Trauma. World J Surg 25:1089-1096, 2001

115. Roy S, Ferrara L, Fleischman A, Benzel EC. Microelectromechanical Systems and Neurosurgery: A New Era in a New Millennium. Neurosurgery, 49(4):779-798, 2001

116. Wakefield AE, Steinmetz MP, Benzel EC. Biomechanics of Thoracic Discectomy. Neurosurgery Focus 11(3):1-5, September 2001. (http://www.neurosurgery.org/focus/sep01/11-3-6.pdf)

117. Geisler FH, Coleman WP, Grieco G, Poonian D, the Sygenâ Study Group (Benzel EC). Recruitment and Early Treatment in a Multicenter Study of Acute Spinal Cord Injury. Spine 26(24S):S58-S67, December 15, 2001

118. Geisler FH, Coleman WP, Grieco G, Poonian D, the Sygenâ Study Group (Benzel EC). Measurements and Recovery Patterns in a Multicenter Study of Acute Spinal Cord Injury. Spine 26(24S):S68-S86, December 15, 2001.

119. Geisler FH, Coleman WP, Grieco G, Poonian D, the Sygenâ Study Group (Benzel EC). The Sygenâ Multicenter Acute Spinal Cord Injury Study. Spine 26(24S):S87-S98, December 15, 2001.

120. Steinmetz MP, Mekhail A, Benzel EC. Management of Metastatic Tumors of the Spine: Strategies and Operative Indications. Neurosurgery Focus 1196:Article 2, December 2001. (http://www.neurosurgery.org/focus/dec01/11-6-2.pdf)

121. Geisler FH, Coleman WP, Benzel EC, Ducker T, Hurlbert RJ. Spinal Cord Injury. Lancet Dec 7;360(9348):1883, 2002

122. Morlock RJ, Ward RE, Nerenz DR, The Score Consortium (Benzel EC). Spine Surgeons Accurately Estimate the Probability of Favorable One-Year Postoperative Lumbar Surgery Outcomes. Disease Management 5(1):51-59, 2002

123. Resnick DK, Benzel EC. C1-C2 Pedicle Screw Fixation with Rigid Cantilever Beam Construct: Case Report and Technical Note. Neurosurgery 50(2):426-428, 2002

124. Dwyer, AP, Herkowitz HN, Benzel EC: Controveries in Spine – Should There be Subspecialty Certification in Spine Surgery. Spine 27(13):1478-1483, 2002

125. Schlenk RP, Kowalski RJ, Benzel EC. Biomechanics of Spinal Deformity. Neurosurgery Focus 14(1):Article 2:1-15, 2003

126. Steinmetz MP, Kager CD, Benzel EC. Ventral Correction of Postsurgical Cervical Kyphosis. Journal of Neurosurgery (Spine 2) 98:1-7, 2003

127. Sandhu FA, Pait TG, Benzel EC, Henderson FC: Occipitocervical Fusion in Rheumatoid Arthritis Using the Inside-Outside Stabilization Technique. Spine 28(4):414-419, February 15, 2003

128. Ferrara LA, Fleischman JA, Benzel EC, and Roy S, “Silicon Dermabrasion Tools for Skin Resurfacing Applications”, Medical Engineering and Physics, 2003;25(6):483-490

129. Ferrara LA, Secor JL, Jin BH, Wakefield A, Inceoglu S, Benzel EC A Biomechanical Comparison of Facet Screw Fixation: Effects of Short-Term and Long Term Repetitive Cycling, Spine, Vol. 28 (12), 1226-1234 June 2003

130. Benzel EC: Illustrative Case. Technqiues in Neurosurgery 2003 June;8(2):780-82. 131. Steinmetz MP, Benzel EC. Surgical Management of Chiari Malformation. Neurosurgery Quarterly 13(2):105-112, 2003

132. Schlenk RP, Stewart T, Benzel EC: The Biomechanics of Iatrogenic Spinal Destabilization and Implant Failure. Neurosurgery Focus 15(3):Article 2:1-11, 2003. (http://www.neurosurgery.org/focus/sep03/15-3-2.pdf)

133. Benzel EC, Togawa D, Bauer T, Lieberman I: Histological Evaluation of Clinically Failed Human Interbody Cages. Orthopaedic Insights (CCF Newsletter) Fall 2003;4.

134. McCormick WE, Steinmetz MP, Benzel EC: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy: Make the difficult diagnosis then refer for surgery. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine 70(10):899-904, October 2003

135. Ferrara LA, Fleischman AJ, Togawa D, Bauer TW, Benzel EC, Roy S: An in vivo Biocompatibility Assessment of MEMS Materials for Spinal Fusion Monitoring. Biomedical Microdevices 5:297-302, 2003

136. Kim DH, Vaccaro AR, Henderson FC, Benzel EC: Molecular Biology of Cervical Myelopathy and Spinal Cord Injury: Role of Oligodendrocyte apoptosis. The Spinal Journal 3(6):510-519, 2003

137. Benzel EC: Training Programs Need Enriched Environment. AANS Bulletin (Winter 2003) 12(4);13 & 18, 2003

138. Benzel EC: Teaching, Learning, Leadership Survival in the New Order. Spine 29(6):607-614, 2004

139. Benzel EC, Ferrara L, Roy S, Fleishman A: Micromachines in Spine Surgery. Spine 29(6):601-606, 2004

140. Steinmetz MP, Chow MM, Krishnaney AA, Andrews-Hinders D, Benzel EC, Masaryk TJ, Mayberg MR, Rasmussen PA. Outcome following the treatment of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae: a contemporary single institution series and meta-analysis. Neurosurgery 2004;55(1):77-87

141. Ghogawala Z, Benzel EC, Amin-Hanjani S, Barker FG, Harrington JF, Magge SN, Strugar J, Coumans JV, Borges LF. Prospective Outcomes Evaluationi of Decompression with or without Instrumented Fusion for Lumbar Stenosis with Degenerative Grade I Spondylolisthesis. Journal of Neurosurgery (Spine 1) 3:267-272, 2004

142. Benzel EC: Neurosurgery Resident Education: Impact of the 80 Hour Work Week. CNS website, 2004

143. Benzel EC, Mroz TE, Schlenk R: Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Requires Prompt Surgery. Cleveland Clinic J of Medicine 70:899-904, 2004

144. Shedid D, Benzel EC: Clinical Presentation of Spine Tumors. Neurosurgery Quarterly 14(4):224-228, 2004

145. Stewart T, Steinmetz M, Benzel EC. Techniques for the ventral correction of post-surgical cervical kyphotic deformity. Techniques for the ventral correction of post-surgical cervical kyphotic deformity. Neurosurgery (Operative Nuances) 56(1 Suppl):191-5, 2005

146. German JW, Hart BL, Benzel EC: Nonoperative Management of Vertical C2 Body Fractures. Neurosurgery 56(3):516-521, 2005

147. Kowalski RJ, Ferrara LA, Benzel EC: Biomechanics of the Spine. Neurosurgery Quarterly 15(1):42- 59, 2005

148. Henderson F, Benzel EC, Vaccaro AR: Stretch-Related Myelopathy. Seminars in Spine Surgery 17(1):2-7, 2005

149. Lu JJ, Benzel EC: Biomechanics of the Spinal Cord. Seminars in Spine Surgery 17(1):13-18, 2005

150. Henderson FC, Geddes JF, Vaccaro AR, Woodard E, Berry KJ, Benzel EC: Stretch-Associated Injury in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: New Concept and Review. Neurosurgery 56(5):1101-1113, 2005

151. Benzel EC: Opinion regarding rtificial disc replacement and the FDA’s approval of the CHARITE artificial disc. Patient article developed by SpineUniverse.com (many surgeon’s contributed their opinion), June 2005

152. Kilincer C, Steinmetz MP, Sohn MJ, Benzel EC, Bingaman WE: Effects of age on the perioperative characteristics and short-term outcome of posterior lumbar fusion surgery. J Neurosurgery: Spine 3:34- 39, 2005

153. Akbay A, Inceoglu S, Milks R, Schlenk R, Palaoglu S, Benzel EC: Thoracic transfacet pedicle screw fixation: A New Instrumentation Technique. J. Neurosurg: Spine 3:225-229, 2005

154. Steinmetz MP, Claybrooks R, Krishnaney R, Prayson RA, Benzel EC: Surgical Management of Osseous Hemangioblastoma of the Thoracic Spine: Technical Case Report. Neurosurgery 57(4):ONS405-406, 2005

155. Gonugunta V, Krishnaney AA, Benzel EC: Anterior Cervical Plating. Neurology India 53(4):424-432, Dec 2005

156. Sohn MJ, Kayanja MM, Kilincer C, Ferrara LA, Benzel EC: Biomechanical evaluation of the ventral and lateral surface shear strain distribution in central compared with dorsolateral placement of cages for lumbar interbody fusion. J Neurosurg: Spine 4:219-224, 2006

157. Chen TJ, Benzel EC: Primary Tumors of the Spine. Contemporary Neurosurgery 28(6):1-8, 2006

158. Steinmetz MP, Miller J, Warbel A, Krishnaney AA, Bingaman W, Benzel EC: Regional Instability Following Cervicothoracic Junction Surgery. J Neurosurg: Spine 4:278-284, 2006

Abstracts
1. Surgical Treatment for Cervical Fractures. Presented at the Cervical Spine Research Society Annual Meeting. New York, NY, December 1982. Larson SJ, Benzel EC

2. Functional Recovery Following Decompressive Surgery for Cervical Spine Fractures. Presented at the Poster Session of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. October 1983. Benzel EC, Larson SJ

3. External Carotid Artery Angioplasty in Cerebral Vascular Insufficiency. Presented at the Poster Session of the Radiologic Society of North America. Chicago, IL, November 1983. Mirfarkhraee M, Gerlock AJ, Benzel EC, et al.

4. Metrizamide CT Shuntography for Evaluation of Shunt Malfunction in Hydrocephalus. Presented at the Poster Session of the Radiological Society of North America. Chicago, IL, November 1983. Mirfarkhraee M, Benzel EC, Giyanani VL

5. Operative Stabilization of Thoraco-Lumbar Spine Fractures. Presented at the Louisiana State Neurosurgical Society Meeting. Shreveport, LA, January 1984. Benzel EC

6. Functional Recovery Following Decompressive Surgery for Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Presented at the Poster Session of American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA, May 1984. Benzel EC, Larson SJ

7. External Splinting of the Fractured Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Presented at the Poster Session of American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA, May 1984. Benzel EC, Larson SJ

8. Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Trauma - Failure of Non-Operative Treatment and Posterior Spinal Procedures. Presented at the Poster Session of American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA, May 1984. Benzel EC, Larson SJ

9. Operative Stabilization of the Post-Traumatic Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Presented at the Poster Session of American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. San Francisco, CA, May 1984. Benzel EC, Larson SJ

10. External Carotid Artery Angioplasty in Cerebral Vascular Insufficiency. Presented at the Poster Session of American Roentgen Ray Society Meeting. Las Vegas, NV, April 1984. Mirfarkhraee M, Gerlock AJ, Benzel EC, et al

11. External Carotid Artery Angioplasty in Cerebral Vascular Insufficiency. Presented at the Poster Session of American Society of Neuroradiology. Boston, MA, June 1984. Mirfarkhraee M, Gerlock AJ, Benzel EC

12. Metrizamide CT Shuntography for Evaluation of Shunt Malfunction in Hydrocephalus. Presented at the Poster Session of American Society of Neuroradiology. Boston, MA, June 1984. Mirfarkhraee M, Benzel EC, Giyanani VL

13. Nerve Sheath Tumors of the Sciatic Nerve and Sacral Plexus. Presented at the Louisiana State Surgical Society Annual Meeting. New Orleans, LA, November 1984. Benzel EC, Morris D, Fowler MR

14. Combined CT Metrizamide Syringography (CTMS) and Skinny Needle Aspiration of Cystic Intramedullary Spinal Cord Lesions. Presented at the Poster Session of Radiological Society of North America. Washington DC, November 1984. Mirfarkhraee M, Benzel EC, Guinto FC, et al.

15. Operative Stabilization of the Post-Traumatic Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Presented at the Joint Section on Spinal Disorders of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons and the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Grenelefe, February 1985. Benzel EC, Larson SJ

16. Combined CT Metrizamide Syringography (CTMS) and Skinny Needle Aspiration of Cystic Intramedullary Spinal Cord Lesion. Presented at The Poster Session of the American Society of Neuroradiology. New Orleans, LA, February 1985. Mirfarkhraee M, Benzel, EC, Guinto FC, et al

17. Effect of Naloxone on Spinal Compression Fracture. Presented at The Poster Session of the Federation of the American Society for Experimental Biology. Anaheim, CA, April 1985. Thomas MM, Benzel EC

18. Nerve Sheath Tumors of the Sciatic Nerve and Sacral Plexus. Presented at The Meacham Neurosurgical Society Annual Meeting. Shreveport, LA, May 1985. Benzel EC, Morris D, Fowler M

19. Ventriculo-Pleural Shunting for Hydrocephalus. Presented at the Poster Session of the International Congress of Neurological Surgery. Toronto, Canada, July 1985. Megison DP, Benzel EC

20. Nerve Sheath Tumors of the Sciatic Nerve and Sacral Plexus. Presented at The International Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Toronto, Canada, July 1985. Benzel EC, Morris D, Fowler M

21. The Modified Vascular Clamp Technique: A New Experimental Model for Spinal Cord Injury. Presented as a Poster at the Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting. Dallas, TX, October 1985. Benzel EC, Thomas MM

22. Management of Depressed Skull Fractures. Presented in the Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society. 1985. p. 43. Baker JW, Benzel EC

23. The Operative Management of Spontaneous Supratentorial Non-Aneurysmal Intracerebral Hemorrhages. Presented in the Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society. 1985. p. 44. Bridges RM, Benzel EC

24. Ventriculo-Pleural Shunting for Hydrocephalus. Presented in the Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society. 1985. p. 44. Megison DP, Benzel EC

25. Penetrating Injuries of the Peripheral Nervous system. Present in the Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society. May 1985.p.46. Price J, Benzel EC

26. The Value of Postoperative Angiography in Assessing Functional Outcome in EC/IC Patients. Presented in the Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society. 1985. p. 50. Kessler C, Benzel EC

27. Differentiation of Syringomyelia from Cystic Spinal Cord Tumor in Dogs on MR Imaging. Presented at the Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting. Chicago, IL, November 1985. Mirfarkhraee M, Crofford MJ, Amparo BG, Guinto FC, McArdle C, Benzel EC

28. MR Imaging of Periventricular Edema in an Animal Model. Presented at the Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting. Chicago, IL, November 1985. Mirfarkhraee M, Crofford M, Amparo, BG, McArdle C, Guinto FC, Benzel EC

29. Management of a Large Complicated Skull Defect Utilizing a Complete Repair Including A Vascularized Free Omental Transfer. Presented at The Louisiana State Neurosurgical Surgical Society Meeting. Lafayette, LA, January 1986. Benzel EC

30. Civilian Gunshot Wounds to the Spinal Cord and Cauda Equina. Presented at the Poster Session of the Joint Section of Spinal Disorders. San Diego, CA, February 1986. Coleman JE, Benzel EC

31. The Modified Vascular Clamp Rat Model of Spinal Cord Injury: Laboratory Applications and Results. Presented at the Poster Session of the Joint Section of Spinal Disorders. San Diego, CA, February 1986. Benzel EC, Thomas MM, Hadden TA

32. Internal Carotid Artery Stump Angioplasty. Treatment of Cerebrovascular Occlusive Disease. Presented at the Poster Session of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Meeting. Denver, CO, April 1986. Sittig KM, Benzel EC, Mirfarkhraee M, Hadden TA

33. Hypertension Following Carotid Endarterectomy. Presented in the Journal of The Louisiana State Medical Society 138(8) pp. 59-60, 1986. Hoppens K, Benzel EC

34. Internal Carotid Artery Stump Angioplasty. Presented in the Journal of Louisiana State Medical Society 138(8), p. 60, 1986. Bridges KM, Benzel EC

35. Single Burr Hole Drainage of Non-Acute Subdural Hematomas. Presented in the Journal of Louisiana State Medical Society 138(10) p. 47-48, 1986. Bridges KM, Benzel EC

36. Ventricular Coaptation Following CSF Shunting Procedures. Presented in the Journal of Louisiana State Medical Society 138(10) p. 49, 1986. Reeves JD, Benzel EC

37. Predictors of Outcome in Adult Hydrocephalus. Presented in the Journal of Louisiana State Medical Society 138(10) p. 49, 1986. Pelletier A, Benzel EC

38. Pansinusitis Complicated by Osteomyelitis Requiring Massive Craniectomy in a Pediatric Patient. Presented at the American Academy of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. San Antonio, TX, September 1986. Dugas DR, Shockley WW, Benzel EC

39. Stereotaxis: A New Approach to an Old Problem. Presented at the American Association of Neurosurgical Nurses Annual Meeting. New Orleans, LA, September 1986. Hadden TA, Strain TA, Benzel EC

40. The Treatment of Hydrocephalus in Preterm Infants with Intraventricular Hemorrhage. Presented at the Pediatric Section of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Pittsburgh, PA, December 1986. Reeves JD, Benzel EC, Hadden TA

41. Neurologic Injuries from Civilian Gunshot Wounds to the Spine. Presented in the Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society 138(11) p 58, 1986. Coleman JE, Benzel EC

42. Progesterone Receptors and Cerebral Edema in Patients with Meningioma. Presented at the Louisiana Neurosurgical Society Annual Meeting. New Orleans, LA, January 1987. Benzel EC

43. Neurosurgical Manifestations of Child Abuse. Presented at the Poster Session of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. Dallas, TX, May 1987. Benzel EC, Hadden, TA

44. Burr Hole Evacuation of Non-Acute Subdural Hematomas. Presented at the Poster Session of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. Dallas, TX, May 1987. Bridges RM, Benzel EC, Hadden TA

45. Slit Ventricle Syndrome: Risk Factors and Identification. Presented at the Poster Session of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses Annual Meeting. Dallas, TX, May 1987. Hadden TA, Strain TA, Benzel EC, Reeves JA

46. A Correlation Between Sex Hormone Binding and Peritumoral Edema. Presented at the Plenary Session of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Dallas, TX, May 1987. Benzel EC, Gelder FB

47. Child Abuse: Neurologic Sequelae and Nursing Responsibilities. Presented at the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses Annual Meeting. Dallas, TX, May 1987. Hadden TA, McGowen KJ, Benzel EC

48. Ventriculo-Pleural Shunting for Adult Hydrocephalus. Presented at the Poster Session of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Dallas, TX, May 1987. Megison DP, Benzel EC

49. Hypertension Following Carotid Endarterectomy. Presented at the International Symposium on Surgery for Cerebral Stroke. Sendai, Japan, May 1987. Benzel EC, Hoppens KC

50. Internal Carotid Artery Stump Angioplasty. Presented at the International Symposium on Surgery for Cerebral Stroke. Sendai, Japan, May 1987. Benzel EC

51. The Correlation of Early Postoperative Angiographic Flow with Neurological Outcome Following Elective STA-MCA Bypass Surgery for Atherosclerotic Cerebrovascular Insufficiency. Presented at the International Symposium on Surgery for Cerebral Stroke. Sendai, Japan, May 1987. Benzel EC, Kessler CC

52. Naloxone and Mortality in the Gerbil Stroke Model. Presented at the Poster Session of the Annual Meeting Society for Neuroscience. New Orleans, LA, November 1987. Benzel EC, Musgrove CC

53. Posterior Cervical Interspinous Compression Wiring and Fusion for Mid to Low Cervical Spinal Injuries. Presented at the Fourteenth Annual Richard Lende Winter Neurosurgery Conference. Salt Lake City, Utah, January 1988. Benzel, EC

54. The Modified Vascular Clamp Technique: A New Experimental Model for Spinal Cord Injury. Presented at the International Symposium on Cellular and Molecular Correlates of Central Nervous System Trauma. Denton, TX, April 1988. Benzel, EC

55. The Correlation of Preoperative Angiographic Donor Vessel Diameter and Postoperative Angiographic Grade with Neurologic Outcome Following Elective Superficial Temporal Artery to Middle Cerebral Artery Bypass Surgery for Atherosclerotic Cerebral Vascular Occlusive Disease. Presented at the Microsurgery for Cerebral Ischemia Ninth International Symposium. Dearborn, MI, July 1988. Benzel EC, McMillan RW

56. Cervical Laminectomy and Dentate Ligament Section for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy. Presented at the 82nd Annual Scientific Assembly of the Southern Medical Association. New Orleans, LA, November 1988. Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Hadden TA

57. The Slit Ventricle Syndrome: Risk Factors and Management Options. Presented at the 82nd Annual Scientific Assembly of the Southern Medical Southern Medical Association. New Orleans, LA, November 1988. Benzel EC, Reeves J, Hadden TA, Kesterson L

58. The Treatment of Hydrocephalus in Preterm Infants with Intraventricular Hemorrhage. Presented at the 82nd Annual Scientific Assembly of the Southern Medical Association. New Orleans, LA, November 1988. Benzel EC, Reeves J, Hadden TA, Kesterson L

59. Conventional and Functional Shuntography for the Evaluation of Suspected Shunt Malfunction. Presented at the 82nd Annual Scientific Assembly of the Southern Medical Association. New Orleans, LA, November 1988. Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Hadden TA, Mirfakhraee M

60. Ventriculo-Pleural Shunting for Adult Hydrocephalus. Presented at the 82nd Annual Scientific Assembly of the Southern Medical Association. New Orleans, LA, November 1988. Megison DP, Benzel EC

61. Neurosurgical Manifestations of Child Abuse. Presented at the 82nd Annual Scientific Assembly of the Southern Medical Association. New Orleans, LA, November 1988. Benzel EC, Hadden TA

62. Histological Changes in the Naloxone Treated Gerbil Stroke Model. Presented as a Poster at the 6th Annual Neurotrauma Symposium. Abstract 28 (J Neurotrauma 6: 67, 1989). Toronto, Canada, November 1988. Wilcoxson E, Benzel, EC

63. The Effect of Dosage and Timing of Administration of Naloxone on Neurologic Outcome in the Rat Ventral Compression Model of Spinal Cord Injury. Presented as a Poster at the 18th Annual Meeting Society for Neuroscience. Toronto, Canada, November 1988. Benzel EC, Lancon J

64. A Comparison of Motion in the Halo and the Thermoplastic Minerva Body Jacket. Presented at the 16th Annual Meeting of the Cervical Spine Research Society. Abstract 16. Key Biscayne, FL, December 1988. Benzel EC

65. A Comparison of Motion in the Halo and Thermoplastic Minerva Body Jacket. Presented at the 5th Annual Meeting Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Cancun, Mexico, February 1988. Benzel EC, Hadden TA, Saulsberry K

66. Jefferson Fracture. Presented as a Poster at The 5th Annual Meeting Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Cancun, Mexico, February 1989. Kesterson L, Benzel EC

67. Posterior Cervical Interspinous Wand Fusion. Presented as a Poster at the 5th Annual Meeting Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Cancun, Mexico, February 1989. Benzel EC, Kesterson L

68. External Splinting of the Cervical Spine Part III; A Comparison of the Thermoplastic Minerva Body Jacket and the Halo Jacket. Presented at the 15th Annual Richard Lende Winter Neurosurgery Conference. Snowbird, UT, February 1989. Benzel EC, Hadden TA, Saulsberry CM

69. Cervical Laminectomy and Dentate Ligament Section for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy. Presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Washington, DC, April 1989. Benzel EC, Lancon J, Kesterson L, Hadden TA

70. Posterior Cervical Interspinous Compression Wiring and Fusion. Presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Washington, DC, April 1989. Benzel EC, Kesterson L

71. A Comparison of Motion in the Halo and Thermoplastic Minerva Body Jacket. Presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Washington, DC, April 1989. Benzel EC, Hadden TA, Saulsberry K

72. Jefferson Fracture. Presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Washington, DC, April 1989. Kesterson L, Benzel EC

73. Thermoplastic Minerva Body Jacket. Presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Washington, DC, April 1989. Benzel EC, Larson SJ

74. Functional Shuntography. Presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Washington, DC, April 1989. Benzel EC, Mirfakharee M, Hadden TA

75. A Comparison of the Minerva and Halo Jackets for Stabilization of the Cervical Spine. Current Surgery. 1989. Benzel EC, Hadden TA, Saulsbery CM

76. The Apnea Test for the Determination of Brain Death. Current Surgery. 1989. Benzel EC, Gross CD, Hadden TA, Kesterson L, Landreneau MD

77. Craniocerebral Gunshot Wounds. Presented as a Poster (#78) at the 39th Annual Meeting of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Atlanta, GA, October 1989. Day W, Benzel EC, Hadden TA

78. Apnea Testing for Brain Death Determination in Neurosurgical Patients. Presented as a Poster (#80) at the 39th Annual Meeting of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Atlanta, GA, October 1989. Gross CD, Benzel EC, Hadden TA, Kesterson L, Landreneau MD

79. Apnea Testing for Brain Death Determination in Neurosurgical Patients. Presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the Southern Medical Association. Washington DC, November 1989. Benzel EC, Hadden TA, Kesterson L, Landreneau MD

80. Morbidity and Mortality Associated with Rapid Control of Systemic Hypertension in Patients with Intracranial Hemorrhages. Presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the Southern Medical Association. Washington DC, November 1989. Brown MF, Benzel EC

81. Single Burr Hole Drainage of Non-Acute Subdural Hematomas. Presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the Southern Medical Association. Washington DC, November 1989. Bridges M, Benzel EC

82. Posterior Cervical Interspinous Compression Wiring and Fusion for Mid to Low Cervical Spinal Injuries. Presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the Southern Medical Association. Washington DC, November 1989. Benzel EC, Kesterson L

83. A Comparison of Motion in the Halo and the Thermoplastic Minerva Body Jacket. Presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the Southern Medical Association. Washington DC, November 1989. Benzel EC, Hadden TA, Saulsbery CM

84. The Three-Quarter Prone Position and the Lateral Extracavitary Surgical Approach to the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the Meeting of the Southern Medical Association. Washington DC, November 1989. Benzel EC

85. Tracheotomy or Prolonged Intubation in the Neurosurgery Patient. Presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the Southern Medical Association. Washington DC, November 1989. Webb S, Benzel EC

86. The Lack of Efficacy of a 21 - Aminosteroid in the Rat Ventral SCI Model. Presented as a Poster (EE-4, session:56.10; title: trauma 1) at the Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting. Phoenix, AZ, October 1989. Wilcoxson E, Benzel EC, Woods T, Fowler M, Lancon J, Kesterson L, Hadden TA

87. The Apnea Test for the Determination of Brain Death. Abstract in Stroke 20:1762, 1989. Benzel EC, Gross CD, Hadden TA, Kesterson L, Landreneau MD

88. The Surgical Treatment of Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Trauma. Presented at the 16th Annual Lende Conference. Snowbird UT, February 1990. Benzel EC

89. The Use of Spinal Angiography in the Preoperative Evaluation for the Lateral Extracavitary Approach to the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Presented as a Poster (#23) at the 6th Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Captiva Island, February 1990. Kesterson L, Rael J, Benzel EC, Orrison W, Mirfakhraee M

90. Texas Scottish Rite Hospital Rod Instrumentation for the Treatment of Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Trauma. Presented as a Poster (#26) at the 6th Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Captiva Island, February 1990. Benzel EC, Kesterson L

91. The Minerva Body Jacket: Fabrication Techniques and Clinical Applications. Presented as a Poster (#25) at the 6th Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Captiva Island, February 1990. Benzel EC, Kerk J, Hadden TA, Kesterson L

92. Fascia Lata for Dura Mater Grafting. Presented as a Poster (P-63) at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. Nashville, TN, April 1990. Benzel EC, Thammavaram KV, Kesterson L, Willis BK

93. The Three-Quarter Prone Position and the Lateral Extracavitary Surgical Approach to the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Presented as a Poster (E-359) at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons annual meeting. Nashville, TN, April 1990. Benzel EC

94. Morbidity and Mortality Associated with Rapid Control of Systemic Hypertension in Patients with Intracerebral Hemorrhages. Presented as a Poster (E-354) at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. Nashville, TN, April 1990. Brown MF, Benzel EC, Kesterson L

95. The Histological Comparison of Canine Fascia Lata, Gortex, Human Fascia Lata and Canine Vein for Vascular Patch Graft Material in the Canine Arteriotomy Model. Presented as a Poster (E-373) at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. Nashville, TN, April 1990. McMillan R, Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Landreneau M

96. MRI and Acute Spine Trauma. Presented as a Ooster (E-368) at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. Nashville, TN, April 1990. Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Marchand E, Willis BK, Orrison W

97. Cranial Emergency Room Ultra Low-Field MRI. Presented as a Poster (E-372) at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. Nashville, TN, April 1990. Kesterson L, Benzel EC, Marchand E, Willis BK, Orrison W

98. Obligatory Negative Nitrogen Balance Following Spinal Cord Injury. Presented as a Poster (E-360) at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. Nashville, TN, April 1990. Clevenger FW, Rodriguez DJ, Fry DE, Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Marchand E, Willis BK

99. Correlation of Magnetoencephalography with 3-D Acquisition and Display MRI. Presented as a Poster (E-370) at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. Nashville, TN, April 1990. Orrison W, Marchand E, Kesterson L, Willis BK, Benzel EC

100. Neurologic Manifestations of Child Abuse. Psychiatry Digest. Benzel EC, Hadden TA

101. Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Acute Cranial and Cervical Spine Trauma. Presented at the Southern Neurosurgical Society Annual Meeting. (Neurosurgery 26:1073, 1990) Key West, FL, March 1990. Kesterson L, Benzel EC, Marchand E, Willis BK, Orrison WW

102. The Effect of the Dosage and Timing of Administration of Naloxone in the Ventral Rat Spinal Cord Injury Model. Presented at the Southern Neurosurgical Society Annual Meeting. (Neurosurgery 26:1078, 1990) Key West, FL, March 1990. Benzel EC, Lancon J, Fowler M, Kesterson L

103. Obligatory Negative Nitrogen Balance Following Spinal Cord Injury. Presented at the Southern Neurosurgical Society Annual Meeting. (Neurosurgery 26:1079, 1990) Key West, FL, March 1990. Clevenger FW, Rodriguez DJ, Fry DE, Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Marchand E, Willis BK

104. MRI and Acute Spine Trauma. Presented at the American Paraplegia Society Annual Meeting. Las Vegas, NV, September 1990. Kesterson L, Benzel EC, Marchand E, Willis BK, Orrison WW

105. Obligatory Negative Nitrogen Balance Following Spinal Cord Injury. Presented at the American Paraplegia Society Annual Meeting. Las Vegas, NV, September 1990. Clevenger F, Rodriguez DJ, Fry D, Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Marchand EP, Willis BK

106. The Effects of Naloxone and Nalmefene on the Outcome of SCI Induced by the Ventral Compression Method. Presented as a Poster (# 5) at the American Paraplegia Society Annual Meeting. Las Vegas, NV, September 1990. Benzel EC, Khare V, Kesterson L

107. The Effect of the Dosage and the Timing of Administration of Naloxone on the Outcome in Rat Ventral Compression Model of Spinal Cord Injury. Presented as a Poster (# 6) at the American Paraplegia Society Annual Meeting. Las Vegas, NV, September 1990. Benzel EC, Lancon J, Fowler M, Kesterson L

108. Minerva Body Jacket: Fabrication Techniques and Clinical Applications. Presented as a Poster (#7) at the American Paraplegia Society Annual Meeting. Las Vegas, NV, September 1990. Benzel EC, Hadden T, Kesterson L

109. The Histologic Comparison of Canine Fascia Lata, Gortex, Human Fascia Lata, and Canine Vein for Vascular Patch Graft Material in the Canine. Presented as a Poster (#54) at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. Los Angeles, CA, October 1990. McMillan R, Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Landreneau M

110. Correlation of Magnetoencephalography with 3-D Acquisition and Display MRI. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting. Los Angles, CA, October 1990. Orrison WW, Benzel EC, Davis L, George J

111. Determination of DNA Ploidy and S-Phase Fraction Using Archival Paraffin Acoustic Neuroma: A Brief Report. Presented at the Western Section of the Triologic Society Annual Meeting. Santa Barbara, CA, January 1991. Kesterson L, Shelton C, Dressler L, Seamer L, Berliner K, Benzel EC

112. The Dose Dependent Effects of Naloxone and Methylprednisolone in the Ventral Compression Model of Spinal Cord Injury. Presented at the Cervical Spine Research Society Annual Meeting. San Antonio, TX, December 1990. Benzel EC, Hoffpauir G, Thomas MM, Beal J, Lancon JA, Kesterson L

113. Texas Scottish Rite Hospital Spine Instrumentation for the Treatment of Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Trauma. Presented at the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine Annual Meeting. February 1991. Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Marchand E

114. The Dose Dependent Effects of Naloxone and Methylprednisolone in the Ventral Compression Model of Spinal Cord Injury. Presented as a Poster at the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine Annual Meeting. February 1991. Benzel EC, Hoffpauir G, Thomas MM, Beal J, Lancon JA, Kesterson L

115. A New Rat Spinal Cord Injury Model: A Ventral Compression Technique. Presented as a Poster at the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine Annual Meeting. February 1991. Benzel EC, Lancon JA, Thomas MM, Kesterson L

116. TSRH Rod Instrumentation for Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Trauma. Presented at the 17th Annual Richard Lende Neurosurgical Winter Conference. February 1991. Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Marchand E

117. Flow Cytometric DNA Ploidy and S-Phase Fraction Analysis of Archival Paraffin Block Acoustic Neuromas. Presented as a Poster at the North American Skull Base Society Second Annual Meeting. March 1991. Kesterson L, Shelton C, Dressler L, Seamer L, Berliner K, Benzel EC

118. The Dose-Dependent Effects of Naloxone and Methylprednisolone in the Ventral Compression Model of Spinal Cord Injury. Presented as a Poster at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons 59th Annual Meeting (poster 1249). New Orleans, LA, April 1991. Benzel EC, Hoffpauir GM, Thomas MM, Beal JA, Lancon JA, Kesterson L

119. The Effects of Naloxone and Nalmefene in Rat Spinal Cord Injury Induced by the Ventral Compression Technique. Presented as a Poster at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons 59th Annual Meeting (poster # 1250). New Orleans, LA, April 1991. Benzel EC, Khare V, Fowler M

120. The Incidence of Vertebral Artery Injury Following Mid-Cervical Spine Subluxation and Foramen Transversarium Fractures. Presented as a Poster at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons 59th Annual Meeting (poster # 1276). New Orleans, LA, April 1991. Willis BK, Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Marchand EP

121. Vertebral Artery Injury Associated with Cervical Spine Fractures. Presented at the ASNR. June 1991. Greiner FG, Orrison WW, King JN, Willis BK, Kesterson L, Benzel EC

122. Transverse Ligament Rupture without Neurologic Manifestation: MR and CT Appearance. Presented at the ASNR. June 1991. Garcia EM, Hart BL, Benzel EC, Orrison WW

123. Atlanto-Occipital Dislocation: Case Report of a Long Term Survivor. Presented at the ASNR. June 1991. Greiner FG, Orrison WW, Benzel EC, Stewart M

124. Correlation of Magnetoencephalography with 3-D Acquisition and Display MRI. Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Advances in Mid and Low Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging. September, 1991. Orrison WW, Benzel EC, Davis L, George J

125. Preoperative Functional Brain Mapping. Radiology 181, 1991. Orrison WW, Hardy T, Sanders JA, Benzel EC, Marchand EP Brynildson L

126. Pre-Operative Functional Brain Mapping with MEG and MR Imaging. Presented at RSNA '91. Chicago, IL, December, 1991. Orrison WW, Hardy T, Sanders J, Benzel EC, Marchand E, Brynildson L

127. The Metabolic Response to Spinal Cord Injury. Presented as a Poster at the Neurotrauma Society Annual Meeting. New Orleans, LA, October, 1991. Benzel EC, Rodriguez DJ, Clevenger F

128. Canine Vein for Vascular Patch Graft. Presented as a Poster at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 115). Orlando, FL, October 1991. Benzel EC, McMillan R, Fowler M, Kesterson L

129. The Thermoplastic Minerva Jacket. Presented as a Poster at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 65). Orlando, FL, October 1991. Benzel EC

130. Correlation of Magnetoencephalography with 3-D Acquisition and Display MRI. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (paper 365). Orlando, FL, October 1991. Orrison WW, Benzel EC, Davis L, George J

131. MRI, CT and Plain Film Comparison in Acute Cervical Spine Trauma. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 26). Orlando, FL, October 1991. Benzel EC Kesterson L, Willis BK, Orrison WW, Espinosa MC

132. The Incidence of Vertebral Artery Injury Following Midcervical Spine Subluxation and Foramen Transversarium Fractures. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 373). Orlando, FL, October 1991, Willis BK, Benzel EC, Orrison WW

133. The Metabolic Response to Spinal Cord Injury. Presented at the Neurotrauma Society Annual Meeting (poster 3). New Orleans, LA, November 1991 (abstract also published in J Neurotrauma 9:56,1992), Benzel EC, Rodriguez DJ, Clevenger FW

134. The Metabolic Response to Spinal Cord Injury. Presented at the Cervical Spine Research Society Annual Meeting (paper 42). Philadelphia, PA, December 1991, Benzel EC, Rodriguez DJ, Clevenger F

135. Vertebral Artery Injury Following Mid-Cervical Spine Subluxation and Foramen Transversarium Fractures. Presented at the Cervical Spine Research Society Annual Meeting (paper 50). Philadelphia, PA, December 1991, Benzel EC, Willis BK, Orrison WW

136. Contoured Rod Multisegmental Distraction Fixation for the Treatment of Low Lumbar Burst Fractures. Presented at the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting (poster 2). Miami, FL, February, 1991. Ball PA, Benzel EC

137. The Metabolic Response to Spinal Cord Injury. Presented at the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting (poster 4). Miami, FL, February, 1991. Benzel EC, Rodriguez DJ, Clevenger FW

138. The Metabolic Response to Spinal Cord Injury. Presented at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1255). San Francisco, CA, April 1992. Benzel EC, Rodriguez DJ, Clevenger FW

139. Contoured Rod Multisegmental Distraction Fixation for the Treatment of Low-Lumbar Burst Fractures. Presented at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1287). San Francisco, CA, April 1992. Ball PA, Benzel EC

140. Spinal Angiography in Preoperative Evaluation for Lateral Extracavitary Approach to Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Pathology. Presented at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1306). San Francisco, CA, April 1992. Champlin A, Kesterson OL, King JN, Rael J, Benzel EC

141. The Single Burr Hole Technique for Evacuation of Nonacute Subdural Hematomas. Presented at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1284). San Francisco, CA, April 1992. Benzel EC, Bridges M, Hadden TA

142. The Role of Early Tracheotomy in the Management of the Neurosurgical Patient. Presented at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1274). San Francisco, CA, April 1992. Boyd SW, Benzel EC

143. Factors Associated with Postoperative Complicating Carotid Endarterectomy. Presented at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1022). San Francisco, CA, April 1992. Benzel EC, Hoppens KD

144. Lumboperitoneal Shunting for Syringomyelia. Presented at the Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Annual Meeting. Sedona, AZ, June 1992. Ball PA, Benzel EC, Willis BK

145. The Effects of Nalmefene on Neurobehavioral and Anatomical Outcome after Sensorimotor Cortex Contusion in the Rat. Presented at the Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting. New Orleans, LA, October 1992. Sutton RL, Benzel EC, Feeney DM

146. Stereotactic Pre-Operative Functional Brain Mapping by Magnetic Source Imaging. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster B48). Washington DC, November 1992. Orrison WW, Hardy TL, Sanders JA, Benzel EC, Marchand EP, Bryndilson L

147. The Definition of Soft Tissue Injury Associated with Acute Cervical Spine Trauma by MRI. Presented at the Cervical Spine Research Society Annual Meeting (Paper 6). Palm Springs, CA, December 1992. Benzel EC, Hart BL, Ball PA, Orrison WW, Espinosa M

148. Lateral Displacement of the Dens. Presented at the Cervical Spine Research Society Annual Meeting (Poster 11). Palm Springs, CA, December 1992. Ball PA, Hart BL, Rupp FW, Benzel EC, Orrison WW

149. The Definition of Soft Tissue Injury Associated with Acute Cervical Spine Trauma by MRI. Presented at the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine Annual Meeting (Paper 28). Tucson, AZ, February 1993. Benzel EC, Hart BA, Ball PA, Baldwin NG, Orrison WW

150. A Biomechanically Improved Method of Sacral Fixation Utilizing Iliac Instrumentation and a New Variable Angle Screw Device. Presented at the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine Annual Meeting (Paper 49). Tucson, AZ, February 1993. Baldwin NG, Benzel EC

151. Selective L1 Dorsal Rhizotomy for Ilioinguinal Neuralgia. Presented at the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine Annual Meeting (Poster 24; session 1). Tucson, AZ, February 1993. Ball PA, Benzel EC, Orrison WW

152. The Sequential Hook Insertion (SHI) Technique for Universal Spinal Instrumentation Application. Presented at the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine Annual Meeting (Poster 30; session 1). Tucson, AZ, February 1993. Benzel EC, Ball PA, Baldwin NG, Marchand EP

153. The Spectrum of C2 Body Fractures. Presented at the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine Annual Meeting (Poster 2; session 2). Tucson, AZ, February 1993. Benzel EC, Ball PA, Hart BL, Baldwin NG, Orrison WW

154. Lateral Displacement of the Dens. Presented at the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine Annual Meeting (Poster 11; session 2). Tucson, AZ, February 1993. Ball PA, Hart BL, Rupp FW, Benzel EC, Orrison WW

155. The Spectrum of C2 Body Fractures. Presented at the Rachidian Society Meeting (First Annual). Kona, HI, March 1993. Benzel EC

156. Short Segment Fixation for Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Trauma. Presented at the Rachidian Society Meeting (First Annual). Kona, HI, March 1993. Benzel EC

157. The Definition by MRI of Soft-Tissue Injury Associated with Acute Cervical Spine Trauma. Presented at American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (paper 751). Boston, MA, April 1993. Benzel EC, Hart BL, Ball PA, Orrison WH, Espinosa M

158. Clinical Applications of Magnetic Source Imaging. Presented at American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1206). Boston, MA, April 1993. Orrison WW, Baldwin NG, Lewine D, Marchand EP, Benzel EC

159. Conservative Management of Large Epidural Hematomas. Presented at American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1233). Boston, MA, April 1993. Lerner BR, Ball PA, Marchand EP, Maher D, Benzel EC

160. The Effects of Nalmefene on Neurobehavioral and Anatomical Outcome after Sensorimotor Cortex Contusion in the Rat. Presented at American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1259). Boston, MA, April 1993. Benzel EC, Sutton RL, Feeney DM

161. C2 Body Fractures. Presented at American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1282). Boston, MA, April 1993. Benzel EC, Ball PA, Hart BL, Orrison WW

162. Clinical Applications of Magnetic Source Imaging. Presented at American Society of Neuroradiology Annual Meeting. Vancouver, May 1993. Orrison WW, Lewine JD, Sanders JA, Hart BL, Wood CC

163. Cerebrospinal Fluid Fistula Secondary to Basilar Skull Fracture. Presented at American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1234). Boston, MA, April 1993. Benzel EC, Loeffler P, Maher D, Hadden TA

164. The Definition of Soft Tissue Injury Associated with Acute Cervical Spine Trauma by MRI. Presented at the American Paraplegia Society 39th Annual Conference (paper # 40). Las Vegas, NV, September, 1993. Benzel EC, Ball PA, Hart BL, Baldwin NG, Orrison WW, Espinosa M

165. C2 Body Fractures. Presented at the American Paraplegia Society 39th Annual Conference (paper #42). Las Vegas, NV, September, 1993. Benzel EC, Hart BL, Ball PA, Baldwin NG, Orrison WW, Espinosa M

166. The Sequential Hook Insertion Technique for Universal Spinal Instrumentation Application. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 715). Vancouver, October, 1993. Baldwin NG, Benzel EC, Ball PA, Hart BL, Orrison WO, Espinosa M

167. The Definition of Soft Tissue Injury Associated with Acute Cervical Spine Trauma by MRI. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 721). Vancouver, October, 1993. Benzel EC, Ball PA, Hart BL, Baldwin NG, Orrison WO, Espinosa M

168. Clinical Applications of Magnetic Source Imaging. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 818). Vancouver, October, 1993. Orrison WW, Baldwin NG, Lewine JD, Marchand EP, Benzel EC

169. Radiographic Spectrum of C2 Fractures: Imaging Appearance and Mechanisms of Injury. Presented at Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting. Chicago, IL, November, 1993. Hart BL, Benzel EC, Orrison WW, Baldwin NG, Espinosa MC

170. Vertical C2 Body Fractures. Presented at the Cervical Spine Research Society Annual Meeting (Poster). New York, NY, December, 1993. Benzel EC, Hart BL, Ball PA, Baldwin NG, Orrison WW, Espinosa M

171. Vertical C2 Body Fractures. Presented at the 10th Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves AANS/CNS. Ft. Lauderdale, FL, February 1994. Benzel EC, Hart BL, Ball PA, Baldwin NG, Orrison WW, Espinosa M

172. Crossed-Screw Fixation of the Unstable Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Presented at the 10th Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves AANS/CNS. Ft. Lauderdale, FL, February 1994. Benzel EC, Baldwin NG

173. Rigidity Enhancement in Occipto-Axial Fusion Using Transarticular C1-2 Screws. Presented at the 10th Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves AANS/CNS. Ft. Lauderdale, FL, February 1994. Baldwin NG, Anson J, Benzel EC

174. Traumatic Cervical Disc Herniation. Presented at the 10th Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves AANS/CNS. Ft. Lauderdale, FL, February 1994. Benzel EC, Hart BL, Baldwin NG, Anson J, Orrison WW, Espinosa M

175. Sacral Fixation Using Iliac Instrumentation and a Variable Angle Screw Device. Presented at the 2nd Annual Meeting of the Rachidian Society. Kona, HI, March 1994. Baldwin NG, Benzel EC

176. A Comparison of Fluoroscopy and CT-Derived Holography for Guidance of Lumbar Pedicle Screw Insertion. Presented at the 2nd Annual Meeting of the Rachidian Society. Kona, HI, March 1994. Benzel EC, Rupp FW, McCormack BM, Baldwin NG, Anson JA

177. Traumatic Cervical Disc Herniation. Presented at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (poster 1362). San Diego, CA, April 1994. Benzel EC, Hart BL, Baldwin NG, Anson JA, Orrison WW, Espinosa M

178. Vertical C2 Body Fractures. Presented at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (poster 1368). San Diego, CA, April 1994. Benzel EC, Hart BL, Ball PA, Baldwin NG, Orrison WW, Espinosa M

179. Holography of Complex Spinal Fractures. Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Neuroradiology. Nashville, TN, May 1994. Rupp FW, Benzel EC, Hart BL, Sanders JA, Orrison WW

180. Posttraumatic Syndromes Evaluated by Magnetic Source Imaging. Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Neuroradiology. Nashville, TN, May 1994. Orrison WW, Hart BL, Lewine JD, Spar J, Sanders JA, Benzel EC, Rael JR

181. A Comparison of Fluoroscopy and CT-Derived Holography for the Guidance of Lumbar Pedicle Screw Insertion. Presented at Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (Open Scientific Session; Joint Section on Spine). Chicago, IL, October 1994. Benzel EC, Rupp FW, McCormack BM, Baldwin NG, Anson JA

182. Crossed-Screw Fixation of the Unstable Thoracolumbar Spine. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 89). Chicago, IL, October 1994. Benzel EC, Baldwin NG

183. Rigidity Enhancement in Occipitoaxial Fusion using Transarticular C1-2 Screws. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 108). Chicago, IL, October 1994. Baldwin NG, Anson JA, Benzel EC

184. Anatomy of the Thoracic Pedicle. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 112). Chicago, IL, October 1994. McCormack BM, Benzel EC, Adams MS, Baldwin NG, Rupp FW

185. Intrinsic Implant Bending Moment Application via Pedicle Fixation for Degenerative Lumbar Rotatory Scoliosis Management. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 115). Chicago, IL, October 1994. Halliday AL, Baldwin NG, Benzel EC

186. Fluoroscopy and CT-Derived Holography Comparison of the Guidance of Lumbar Pedicle Screw Placement. Presented at the 9th Annual Meeting of the North American Spine Society (paper 99). Minneapolis, MN, October 1994. Benzel EC, Rupp FW, McCormack BM, Baldwin NG, Anson JA

187. Holography of Complex Spinal Fractures. Presented at the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) 80th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting. November,1994. Rupp FW, Benzel EC, Hart BL, Sanders JA, Orrison WW

188. Incidence of the Artery of Adamkiewicz by Spinal Angiography. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves (paper 12). Phoenix, AZ, February 1995. Adams MS, Rael JR, Benzel EC, Champlin A

189. Anatomy of the Thoracic Pedicle. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves (paper 15). Phoenix, AZ, February 1995. McCormack BM, Benzel EC, Adams MS, Baldwin NG, Rupp FW

190. Imaging of the Cervical Spine in the Acute Setting: A Survey of Neurosurgeons and Neuroradiologists. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves (poster 16A). Phoenix, AZ, February 1995. Boutin RD, Benzel EC, Hart BL, Orrison WW

191. Evaluation of Occipital Condyle Fractures in Patients with Craniocervical Trauma. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves (poster 17A). Phoenix, AZ, February 1995. Adams MS, Rael JR, Rupp FW, Hart BL, Benzel EC

192. Traumatic Cervical Disc Herniation. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves (Poster 18A). Phoenix, AZ. February 1995. Benzel EC, Hart BL, Baldwin NG, Anson JA, Orrison WW, Espinosa M

193. Anatomic Considerations Regarding the Dentate Ligament: A Cadaver Study. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves (poster 16B). Phoenix, AZ, February 1995. Adams MS, Benzel EC, McCormack BM, Baldwin NG, Maher DJ

194. An Anatomic Study of Peripheral Nerve Entrapment Sites of the Upper Extremity. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves (poster 17B). Phoenix, AZ, February 1995. Castle MA, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG

195. An Anatomic Study of Peripheral Nerve Entrapment Sites of the Lower Extremity. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves (poster 25B). Phoenix, AZ, February 1995. Castillo MA, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG

196. Incidence of Occurrence of the Artery of Adamkiewicz by Spinal Angiography. Presented at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (Paper 774). Orlando, FL, April 1995. Adams MS, Rael JR, Benzel EC, Champlin A

197. Anatomy of the Thoracic Pedicle. Presented at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (Poster 1326). Orlando, FL, April 1995. McCormack BM, Benzel EC, Adams MS, Baldwin NG, Rupp FW

198. Intrinsic Implant Bending Moment Application via Pedicle Fixation: Degenerative Lumbar Rotatory Scoliosis Management. Presented at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (Poster 1362). Orlando, FL, April 1995. Halliday AL, Baldwin NG, Benzel EC

199. Holographic Definition of Pathological Spinal Anatomy: A Case Report. Presented at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (Poster 1368). Orlando, FL, April 1995. Benzel EC, Rupp FW, McCormack BM, Baldwin NG, Anson JA

200. Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Trauma: A Five Year Experience. Presented at the 30th Annual Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Meeting. Sun Valley, June 1995. Adams MS, Benzel EC, Robinson AM

201. MRI Patterns of Soft Tissue Injury Accompanying Major Cervical Spine Fractures. Presented at the 30th Annual Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Meeting. Sun Valley, June 1995. Hart BL, Adams MS, Gledhill KM, Benzel EC, Orrison WW

202. Arteriovenous Difference as a Management Guide in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. Presented at the 30th Annual Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Meeting. Sun Valley, June 1995. Kern MB, Halliday AL, Baldwin NG, Benzel EC

203. A Comprehensive Back Pain Management Program. Presented at the 30th Annual Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Meeting. Sun Valley, June 1995. Benzel EC

204. The Outrigger Attachment for Vertebrectomy with Posterior Instrumentation. Presented at the 30th Annual Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society Meeting. Sun Valley, June 1995. Malone DG, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG, Adams MS, McCormack BM, Caruso JR

205. Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Trauma: A Five Year Experience. Presented at the 41st Annual American Paraplegia Society Annual Meeting. Las Vegas, NV, September 1995. Adams MS, Benzel EC, Robinson AM

206. Incidence of the Artery of Adamkiewicz by Spinal Angiography (poster 132). Presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. San Francisco, CA, October 1995. Adams MS, Rael J, Benzel EC, Champlin A

207. Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Trauma: A Five Year Experience (poster 134). Presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. San Francisco, CA, October 1995. Adams MS, Benzel EC, Robinson AM

208. Evaluation of Occipital Condyle Fractures in Patients with Craniocervical Trauma (poster 156). Presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. San Francisco, CA, October 1995. Adams MS, Rael JR, Rupp FW, Hart BL, Benzel EC

209. Anatomic Considerations Regarding the Dentate Ligament: A Cadaver Study (poster 157). Presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. San Francisco, CA, October 1995. Adams MS, Benzel EC, McCormack BM, Baldwin NG, Maher DJ

210. Lumbar Fusion for Back Pain: A Conservative Approach. Presented at New Horizons in Low Back Pain - A National Institute of Health Consensus Conference. San Diego, CA, November 1995. Benzel EC

211. Evaluation of Occipital Condyle Fractures with CT-Holography. Presented at the 81st Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America. Chicago, IL, November 1995. Rupp FW, Adams MS, Hart BL, Benzel EC

212. MRI Patterns of Soft Tissue Injury Accompanying Major Cervical Spine Fractures (poster 35). Presented at the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Cervical Spine Research Society. Santa Fe, NM, November/December 1995. Adams MS, Hart BL, Gledhill KM, Benzel EC, Orrison WW

213. Evaluation of Occipital Condyle Fractures in Patients with Craniocervical Trauma (abstract 1A; read by title). Presented at the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Cervical Spine Research Society. Santa Fe, NM, November/December 1995. Adams MS, Rael JR, Rupp FW, Hart BL, Benzel EC

214. Unilateral Pillar Fracture Associated with Cervical Spine Instability (abstract 2A; read by title). Presented at the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Cervical Spine Research Society. Santa Fe, NM, November/December 1995. Adams MS, Hart BL, Gledhill KM, Benzel EC, Halliday AL

215. Surgical Needle Design. Presented at the 4th Annual Rachidian Society Meeting. Koni, HI, February 1996. Benzel EC, Parisi P

216. The Outrigger Attachment for Vertebrectomy with Posterior Instrumentation. Presented at the 12th Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Orlando, FL, February 1996. Adams MS, Malone DG, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG, McCormack BM, Caruso JR, Eberl KR

217. Metal Corrosion of Implanted Spinal Instrumentation. Presented at the 12th Annual Meeting of the Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Orlando, FL, February 1996. Adams MS, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG

218. Quicktime VR as a Novel Means for Presenting and Publishing Holographically Displayed MR Volumes. Presented at the Society of Magnetic Resonance Annual Meeting. Schulz RA, Dalton MN, Hunter JV, Rupp FW, Orrison WW, Benzel EC

219. The Outrigger Attachment for Vertebrectomy with Posterior Instrumentation. Presented at the 1996 American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1185). Minneapolis, MN, April 1996. Malone DG, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG, Adams MS, McCormack BM, Caruso JR, Eberl KR

220. Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Trauma: A Five-Year Experience. Presented at the 1996 American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1236). Minneapolis, MN, April 1996. Adams MS, Benzel EC, Robinson AM

221. Metal Corrosion of Implanted Spinal Instrumentation. Presented at the 1996 American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1264). Minneapolis, MN, April 1996. Adams MS, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG

222. The A Spend Down Phenomenon of Catastrophic Illness. Presented at the 1996 American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 1539). Minneapolis, MN, April 1996. Schneier M, Santos R, Benzel EC

223. Contemporary Management of Spinal Cord Injuries. Presented at the 58th Annual Surgical Update of the International College of Surgeons; United States Section. Washington DC, May 1996. Benzel EC

224. Stabilization of Traumatic Dorsal Spine Fractures. Presented at the 58th Annual Surgical Update of the International College of Surgeons; United States Section. Washington DC, May 1996. Benzel EC

225. Slit Ventricle Syndrome in Children: Clinical Presentation and Treatment. Presented in Abstract Form in Annual Review of Hydrocephalus and Spina Bifida (Volume II), 1995. Benzel EC

226. Anatomical Considerations for Sacral (S1) Screw Placement: New Safe Zone for S1 Medial Screw Placement. Presented at the 10th Annual Meeting of the Korean Spinal Neurosurgery Research Society. Seoul, Korea, September 1996. Doh JW, Benzel EC

227. Holographic Display of Helical 3D CT in Patients Status Post Spinal Hardware. Presented at the 46th Annual Meeting of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons (poster 190). Montreal, Canada. October 1996. Olan W, Gorbea E, Riedel C, Benzel EC, Schulz R

228. Environmentally Assisted Cracking in Stainless Steel Spinal Implants. Presented at the 46th Annual Meeting of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons (poster 209). Montreal, Canada, October 1996. Baldwin NG, Cieslak WR, Gruelich F, Benzel EC

229. Identification of Occult Cervical Spine Injuries in Obtunded Trauma Victims Using Early Limited MRI. Presented at the 46th Annual Meeting of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons (poster 295). Montreal, Canada, October 1996. D'Alise MD, Benzel EC, Hart BL

230. Management of Unilateral Facet Fractures Involving the Subaxial Cervical Spine. Presented at the Cervical Spine Research Society Annual Meeting (paper 22). Palm Beach, FL, December 1996. Henderson B, Halliday AL, Benzel EC, Hart BL

231. Usefulness of Posterior Iliac Crest as a Surgical Guide for Ventromedial (S1) Screw Placement: An Anatomical Review. Presented at the First Biennial Meeting of Japan-Korea Conference on Spinal Surgery (JKSS) (paper 0-26). Nagoya, Japan, September 1997. Doh J, Benzel EC

232. Pediculolaminar Fracture-Separation: Incidence and Clinical Management (paper # 4). Presented at the 25th Annual Meeting of the Cervical Spine Research Society. Rancho Mirage, CA, December 1997. Weller SJ, Henderson B, Halliday AL, Hart B, Benzel EC

233. Surgical Trial of Acute Decompression in Spinal Cord Injury Study (STASCIS): Development and Preliminary Validation of a Radiological Assessment of Spinal Cord and Canal Compression (poster 5). Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting. Rancho Mirage, CA, February 1998. Fehlings MG, Rao S, Skaf G, Tator CH, Arnold P, Benzel EC, Green B, Hitchon P, Northrup B, Sonntag V, Wagner F

234. Controlled Intervertebral Settling in Multiple Level Ventral Cervical Fusion Procedures with a Dynamic Stabilization Implant (poster 42): Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting. Rancho Mirage, CA, February 1998. Adams MA, Benzel EC, Yuan HA, Weidner A, Johnston RA, Paneiro Pinto AJ, Huhlengel KR, Geisler FH, Harkey HL, Ryken TC

235. Holographic Display of Helical 3D-CT in Patients Status Post Spinal Hardware Eliminates Display Artifacts (poster 53). Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting. Rancho Mirage, CA, February 1998. Olan WJ, Schulz RA, Ridel CJ, Levine Z, Sekhar LN, Benzel EC

236. Cervical Facet Dislocation: Technique for Ventral Reduction. Case Western Reserve University Hospitals Residents and Fellows Conference. Stone Mountain, GA, April 1998. Ordonez BJ, Benzel EC

237. Controlled Intervertebral Settling in Multiple Level Anterior Fusion Procedures with a Dynamic Stabilization Implant (Paper 10). 5th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST). Sorrento, Italy, May 1998. Benzel EC, Yuan HA, Weidner A, Johnston RA, Paniero-Pinto AJ, Kuhlengel KR, Geisler FH, Harkey HL, Ryken TC

238. Magnetic Source Imaging and Brain Surgery: Presurgical and Intraoperative Planning in 26 Patients. Rocky Mountain Neurosurgical Society, 33rd Annual Meeting. Vail, CO, June 1998. Alberstone CD, Benzel EC, Sanders JA, Hart BL, Baldwin NG, Tessman CL, Davis JT, Lee RR

239. Validation of Magnetic Source Imaging for Cerebrovascular Surgery. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (oral poster 13). Seattle, WA, October 1998. Gross JD, Wecht DA, Montgomery A, Tessman CL, Lee R, Benzel EC

240. Low-Back Surgery Evaluations and Treatment Expectations. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (oral poster 101). Seattle, WA, October 1998. Morlock RJ, Shaffrey C, Nerenz DR, Benzel E, Dempsey P, Erwood S, Feil E, Kalfas I, Krauss W, Nockels RP, Pfeifer B, Ward R

241. Controlled Settling Following Multiple Level Ventral Cervical Fusion Procedures with a Dynamic Stabilization Implant. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (oral poster 104). Seattle, WA, October 1998. Benzel EC, Yuan HA, Weidner A, Johnston RA, Paneiro Pinto AJ, Kuhlengel KR, Geisler FH, Harkey HL, Ryken TC

242. A Multicenter Study to Define the Optimal Radiological Method of Assessing Spinal Canal Compromise and Cord Compression in Patients with Cervical Spinal Cord Injury. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (oral poster 108). Seattle, WA, October 1998. Fehlings MG, Rao SC, Tator CH, Skaf G, Arnold P, Benzel E, Cuddy B, Dickman C, Green B, Hitchon P, Northrup B, Sonntag V, Wagner F, Wilberger J

243. Usefulness of Posterior Iliac Crest as a Surgical Guide for Ventromedial Sacral (S1) Screw Placement: An Anatomical Review. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 238). Seattle, WA, October 1998. Doh JW, Benzel EC

244. Evaluation of the MODEMS Pain and Disability and Expectation Scale and a Short Form of this Scale. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (oral poster). Seattle, WA, October 1998. Morlock RJ, Ward R, Nerenz D, Benzel EC, Dempsey P, Erwood S, Feil E, Kalfas I, Krauss W, Nockels R, Pfeifer B, Shaffrey C

245. Lateral Extracavitary Approach for Thoracic and Thoracolumbar Spine Trauma: Operative Complications. North American Spine Society Annual Meeting (poster). San Francisco, CA, October 1998. Resnick DK, Benzel EC

246. Gender and Racial Differences in Presentation and Initial Improvement Following Lumbar Surgery. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (paper 749). Boston, MA, November 1999. Nerenz D, Morlock R, Nash T, Gonzales F, Benzel E, Nockels R, Kalfas I, Dempsey P, Feil E, Krauss W, Pfeifer B, Ward R, Erwood S

247. The Effect of Cervical Spine Posture on Axial Load Bearing Ability: A Biomechanical Study. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (oral poster 141). Boston, MA, November 1999. Ferrara L, Oktenoglu T, Andalkar N, Ozer A, Sarioglu A, Benzel E

248. Key Patient Factors in the Decision to Offer Surgery on the Lumbar Spine. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (paper 808). Boston, MA, November 1999. Nerenz D, Morlock R, Benzel E, Nockels R, Krauss W, Dempsey P, Feil E, Kalfas I, Pfeifer B, Rosenblum M, Ward R, Erwood S

249. The Effect of Hole Preparation on Screw Pullout Resistance and Insertional Torque: A Biomechanical Study. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 352). Boston, MA, November 1999. Ferrara L, Oktenoglu T, Andalkar N, Ozer F, Sarioglu A, Benzel E (First Prize – Spine Poster Section)

250. The Use of Trained Shape Memory Alloy Fixtures in Spinal Instrumentation for the Correction of Spinal Deformities. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (poster 368). Boston, MA, November 1999. Ferrara L, Jaeger M, Keshavarzi A, Shahinpoor M, Benzel E

251. The Biomechanical Effects of Cervical Spine Posture on the Axial Load Bearing Ability of the Spine. Presented at the Cervical Spine Research Society Annual Meeting (poster 12). Seattle, WA, December 1999. Ferrara LA, Oktenoglu BT, Benzel EC, Andalkar N, Ozer AF, Sarioglu AC

252. A Biomechanical and Sem Analysis on Repetitive Use of Spinal Screws. Presented at Joint Section on Spinal Disorders Annual Meeting (Poster Session 1, #16). Indian Well, CA, March 2000. Ferrara LA, Oktenoglu BT, Benzel EC, Ozer AF, Keshevarzi A, Sarioglu AC

253. The Natural History of Vertical C2 Body Fractures. Presented at Joint Section on Spinal Disorders Annual Meeting (Poster Session 1, #18). Indian Well, CA, March 2000. German JW, Hart BL, Benzel EC

254. A Biomechanical Study to Assess the Affect of Cervical Spine Posture on the Axial Load Bearing Ability. Presented at Joint Section on Spinal Disorders Annual Meeting (Poster Session 1, #41). Indian Well, CA, March 2000. Ferrara LA, Oktenoglu BT, Benzel EC, Andalkar N, Ozer AF, Sarioglu AC

255. Biomechanical and Electrophysiological Characterization of the Intact and Injured Peripheral Nerve. Presented at Joint Section on Spinal Disorders Annual Meeting (Poster Session 1, #78). Indian Well, CA, March 2000. Ferrara LA, Benzel EC

256. Spine Surgeons Accurately Estimate the Probability of Favorable One-year Post-operative Outcomes for Lumbar Patients. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (Oral Poster Session, #27). San Antonio, TX, September 2000. Morlock RJ, Ward RE, Nerenz DR, Rauzzino MJ, Benzel E, Dempsey P, Feil E, Krauss W, Pfeifer B, Schneier M, Erwood S

257. An Intraoperative Method to Quantitatively Evaluate the Functional Status of a Spinal Nerve Root. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (Poster Session, #291). San Antonio, TX, September 2000. Ferrara LA, Wakefield A, Najm I, Nair D, Benzel E

258. Spinal Instrumentation and Surgeon Generated Resource Consumption: A Cost Containment Issue. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (Poster Session, #303). San Antonio, TX, September 2000. Wakefield AE, Benzel EC, Soska C, Bondy MB

259. The Effect of Awling and Drilling on Pilot Hole Preparation for Screw Insertional Torques and Pullout Strengths. 17th Annual Meeting AANS/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves (Poster #55). Phoenix, AZ, February, 2001. Ferrara LA, Benzel EC

260. The Biomechanics of Transfacet Screw Fixation in the Lumbar Spine. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (Poster). Paradise Island, Bahamas, July 2001. Ferrara LA, Paskiet JL, Wakefield A, Inceoglu S, Richmond BJ, Benzel EC

261. Biomechanical Assessment of Multilevel Fixation Using Threaded Interbody Fusion Cages. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (Poster). Paradise Island, Bahamas, July 2001. Ferrara LA, Paskiet JL, Kowalski R, Benzel EC, McLain RF

262. The Biomechanics of Transfacet Screw Fixation In The Lumbar Spine. World Federation of Neurological Socieities 12th World Conference of Neurosurgeons (Poster). Sydney, Australia, September 2001. Ferrara LA, Paskiet JL, Wakefield A, Inceoglu S, Richmond BJ, Benzel EC

263. Biomechanical Assessment of Multilevel Fixation Using Threaded Interbody Fusion Cages. World Federation of Neurological Socieities 12th World Conference of Neurosurgeons (Oral Presentation). Sydney, Australia, September 2001. Ferrara LA, Paskiet JL, Kowalski R, Benzel EC, McLain RF

264. Microfabricated Dermabraders for Platic Surgical Applications. BioMEMS Conference (Poster). Columbus, Ohio, September 2001. Ferrara LA, Fleischman AJ, Benzel EC, Roy S

265. The Biomechanics of Transfacet Screw Fixation in the Lumbar Spine. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (Poster). San Diego, California, October 2001. Ferrara LA, Paskiet JL, Wakefield A, Inceoglu S, Richmond BJ, Benzel EC

266. Biomechanical Assessment of Multilevel Fixation Using Threaded Interbody Fusion Cages. Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting (Poster). San Diego, California, October 2001. Ferrara LA, Paskiet JL, Kowalski R, Benzel EC, McLain RF

267. Micromachined Dermabraders for Plastical Surgical Applications. IEEE MEMS Meeting (Oral Presentation). Las Vegas, Nevada, January 2002. Ferrara LA, Fleischman AJ, Benzel EC, Roy S

268. A Biomechanical Comparison of Transfacet Screw Fixation and Pedice Screw Fixation: Effects of Long- Term Repetitive Cycling (Oral Abstract). Lake Buena Vista, Florida, February 2002. Ferrara LA, Secor JL, Jin B, Benzel EC

269. Surgery for Thoracic Disc Disease. Complication Avoidance: Overview and Management (Poster Abstract). Lake Buena Vista, Florida, February 2002. McCormick WE, Benzel EC, Will SF

270. Ventral Correction of Post-Surgical Cervical Kyphosis (Poster Abstract). Lake Buena Vista, Florida, February 2002. Steinmetz MP, Kager CD, Benzel EC

271. A Biomechanical Comparison of Transfacet Screw Fixation and Pedicle Screw. ISSLS Meeting (Poster). Cleveland, Ohio, May 2002. Ferrara LA, Secor J, Inceoglu S, Jin BH, Wakefield A, Benzel EC

272. A Biomechanical Comparison of Facet Screw Fixation and Pedicle Screw. IMAST Meeting (Poster). Montreux, Switzerland, May 2002. Ferrara LA, Secor J, Jin BH, Benzel EC

273. Pressure Variations Within Bone Graft After Spine Fusion Surgery. American Association for the Advancement of Science 2004 Meeting. Coquillette MM, Ferrara LA, Gordon I, Schlenk R, Fleischman A, Roy S, Benzel EC

274. Prospective Comparion of Surgical Outcomes after Laminectory With or Without Instrumented Fusion for Lumbar Stenosis with Grade 1 Spondylolistheses (Abstract) 2004 AANS Annual Meeting, May 3, 2004 Authors: Zoher Ghogawala, MD, Edward C. Benzel, MD, Sepideh Amir-Hanjani, MD, Fred G. Barker, II, MD, J. Frederick Harrington, Jr., MD, Subu N. Magge, MD, John Struger, MD, Juan Bartolomei, MD, Jean-Valery Courmans, MD, Lawrence F. Borges, MD

275. Pedicle Screw Fixation in Thoracic Spine: A New Technique for Instrumentation of Thoracic Spine. American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Spine and Peripheral Nerve Annual Meeting (February 2005). Akbay A, Inceoglu S, Milks R, Schlenk R, Palaoglu S, Benzel EC

276. Kilinçer C, Steinmetz MP, Sohn MJ, Benzel EC, Bingaman W: Effect of age on perioperative characteristics and short term outcome of posterior lumbar fusion surgery [in Turkish]. Presented at the 19th Scientific Congress of Turkish Neurosurgical Society, Kemer-Antalya, 27-31 May, 2005

277. Ghogawala Z, Benzel EC, Amin-Hanjani SA, Coumans JV, Sonntag VK, Borges LF, Bartolomei JC, Whalen S, Magge SN, Dempsey PK, Barker FG: Spinal Experts’ Review Significantly Increases Patient Consent to Randomization in the SLIP Study: An Ongoing Prospective, Multi-Center Surgical Trial (oral paper). Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons 55th Annual Meeting. Boston, Massachusetts, October 10, 2005

278. Barker FG, Coumans JV, Benzel EC, Stabile L, Ghogawala Z: Understanding Barriers to Neurological Randomized Clinical Trials: Community Equipoise, Individual Surgeon Equipoise, and Willingness to Randomize for a Complex Surgical Decision (oral paper.) Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons 55th Annual Meeting. Boston, Massachusetts, October 10, 2005

279. Ghogawala Z, Coumans JV, Benzel EC, Stabile LM, Barker FG: Defining eligibility for a randomized clinical trial (RCT) of ventral versus dorsal decompression for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM): Cervical Spine Research Society (CSRS) Survey Results.” Podium presentation at the 2005 Cervical Spine Research Society Annual Meeting. San Diego, California, December 1, 2005

280. Benzel EC, Murphy C: Neurosurgery Resident Performance Assessement Program (poster). 2006 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Orlando, Florida, March 3-5, 2006

281. Sohn MJ, Kilincer C, Benzel EC: Cervical Stabilization Surgery for Rheumatoid Arthritis (poster). 20th Scientific Congress of Turkish Neurosurgical Society. Antalya-Belek, Turkey, April 28-May 2, 2006

Books Authored
1. Essentials of Neurochemistry. ISBN 0-86720-862-7. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Wild GC, Benzel EC, authors. 1994, pp. 228

2. Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization: Principles and Clinical Practice. ISBN 0-07-005091-0. McGraw- Hill, Inc. Benzel EC, author. 1995, pp. 278

3. Fundamentals of Neuroimaging. ISBN 0-7216-5163-1. WB Saunders Co. Hart BL, Benzel EC, Ford CC, authors. 1997, pp. 200

4. Omurga Stabilizasyonunun Biyomekanigi: Prensipler ve Klinik Uygulama (Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization: Principles and Clinical Practice – Turkish translation). ISBN 975-94434-0-6. Marmara Universitesi Norolojik Bilimler Vakfi Yayinlari – Yayin No: 6. Benzel EC, author. Translators – Naderi S, Yucesoy K, Ozgen S. 1998, pp. 278

5. Disorders of the Spine and Spinal Cord. ISBN 0-19-512968-7. Oxford University Press. Byrne TN, Benzel EC, Waxman SG, authors. 2000, pp. 416

6. Biomechanics of Spine Stabilization. ISBN 1-879284-82-0. Thieme, New York. Benzel EC, author. 2001, pp. 526

Books Edited
1. Practical Approaches to Peripheral Nerve Surgery (American Association of Neurological Surgeons Neurosurgical Topics Series). ISBN 1-879284-03-0. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Benzel EC, ed. 1992, pp. 233

2. Spinal Instrumentation (American Association of Neurological Surgeons Neurosurgical Topics Series). ISBN 1-879284-14-6. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Benzel EC, ed. 1994, pp. 288

3. Contemporary Management of Spinal Cord Injury (American Association of Neurological Surgeons Neurosurgical Topics Series). ISBN 1-879284-30-8. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Benzel EC, ed. 1995, pp. 307

4. Surgical Exposure of the Spine: An Extensile Approach (American Association of Neurological Surgeons Neurosurgical Special Topics Series). ISBN 1-879284-25-1. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Benzel EC, ed. 1995, pp. 201

5. Principles of Spinal Surgery. McGraw-Hill. Menezes AH, Sonntag VKH, eds. Benzel EC, Cahill DW, McCormick P, Papadopoulos SM, section editors. 1996, pp. 1525

6. Syringomyelia and the Chiari Malformations (American Association of Neurological Surgeons Neurosurgical Topic Series). American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Anson JA, Benzel EC, Awad IA, eds. 1996

7. Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy (Neurosurgical Focus) - December 1996, Volume 1, No. 6. Benzel EC, ed. (American Association of Neurological Surgeons)

8. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. ISBN 0-443-07540-9. Churchill Livingstone. Benzel EC, ed. (1538 pp) 1999

9. The Thoracic Spine. ISBN 0-942219-75-9. Quality Medical Publishing. Benzel EC, Stillerman CB, eds. (654 pp)

10. Controversies in Spine Surgery: Surgical Techniques and Medical Management. ISBN 1-57626-002-X. Zdeblick TA, Benzel EC, Anderson PA, Stillerman CB, eds (330 pp)

11. Contemporary Management of Spinal Cord Injury: From Impact to Rehabilitation. (American Association of Neurological Surgeons Neurosurgical Topics Series). ISBN 1-879284-72-3. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Tator CH, Benzel EC. eds. 2000, pp. 367

12. Controversies in Spine Surgery: Surgical Techniques and Medical Management – Volume 2. ISBN 1- 57626-143-3. Zdeblick TA, Benzel EC, Anderson PA, Stillerman CB, eds 2002, (324 pp)

13. Schlenk RP, Stewart T, Benzel EC: Topic Editors – Revision Spine Surgery. Neurosurgery Focus 15(3), 2003. (http://www.neurosurgery.org/focus/sep03/15-3-nsf-toc.html)

14. Complications of Pediatric and Adult Spinal Surgery. Vaccaro A, Regan J, Crawford A, Benzel E, Anderson D. (eds). Marcel Dekker, New York. (789 pp), 2004

15. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. 2nd Edition. ISBN 0-443- 0616-7. Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Benzel EC, ed., (2205 pp), 2005

16. The Cervical Spine (4th Edition). Clark CR (editor); Benzel EC, Currier BL, Dormans JP, Dvorak J, Eismont F, Garfin SR, Herkowitz HN, Ullrich CG, Vaccaro AR (section editors). Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. (1250 pp), 2005

17. Year Book of Neurology and Neurosurgery, 2005. Gibbs SR, Verma A (editors); numerous associate editors, Benzel EC being one of them. Elsevier Mosby, Philadelphia, PA. (376 pp), 2005

18. Cancer in the Spine: Comprehensive Care. McLain RF (ed); Lewandrowski KU, Markman M, Bukowski RM, Macklis R, Benzel EC (section editors). Humana Press, Totowa, NJ. (379 pp), 2006

Chapters
1. Benzel EC, Wild GC: Biochemical Mechanisms of Posttraumatic Neural Injury. In Barrow D, ed. Perspectives in Neurological Surgery. 2 (2):95-126, 1991

2. Benzel EC: Luque Rod Segmental Spinal Instrumentation. In Wilkins R , Rengachary S, eds. Neurosurgical Operative Atlas. 1: 433-438, 1992

3. Benzel EC: Penetrating Wounds of the Spine. In Wilkins R , Rengachary S, eds. Neurosurgical Operative Atlas. 1: 397-403, 1992

4. Pirela-Cruz MA, Omer GE, Benzel EC: Surgical Exposure of the Peripheral Nerves of the Upper Extremity. In Benzel EC, ed. Practical Approaches to Peripheral Nerve Surgery. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Publications. pp. 131-152, 1992

5. Benzel EC: Surgical Exposure of the Lumbosacral Plexus and Proximal Sciatic Nerve. In Benzel EC, ed. Practical Approaches to Peripheral Nerve Surgery. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Publications. pp. 153-170, 1992

6. Benzel EC: Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Posterior Surgical Approaches. In Cooper PR, ed. Degenerative Disease of the Cervical Spine. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Publications. pp. 91-104, 1993

7. Benzel EC, Ball PA: Controversies: Penetrating Injuries. In Garfin SR , Northrup B eds. Principles and Techniques in Surgery for Spinal Cord Injuries. Raven Press, 1993

8. Benzel EC: Biomechanics of Lumbar and Lumbosacral Spine Fractures. In Rea GL and Miller CA eds. Spinal Trauma: Current Evaluation and Management. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Publications. 1993

9. Benzel EC: The anatomic Basis of Spinal Instability. In Clinical Neurosurgery. Volume 41. pp 224- 241, 1994

10. Baldwin NG, Benzel EC: Lumbar-Sacral-Pelvic Fixation. In Hadley M. ed. Perspectives in Neurological Surgery. 4 (2):97-108, 1994

11. Benzel EC, Ball PA: History of Spinal Instrumentation. In Benzel EC ed. Spinal Instrumentation. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Publications. pp 3-10, 1994

12. Benzel EC: Short segment Fixation of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. In Benzel EC ed. Spinal Instrumentation. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Publications. pp 111-124, 1994

13. Benzel EC: Construct Design. In Benzel EC ed. Spinal Instrumentation. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Publications. pp 239-256, 1994

14. Benzel EC: Posttraumatic Central Nervous System Infections. In Fry DE ed. Surgical Infections. Little, Brown and Company. pp 443-451, 1994

15. Benzel EC: Spinal orthotics. In Benzel EC ed. Contemporary Management of Spinal Cord Injury. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Publications. pp 227-237, 1995

16. Benzel EC: Fundamentals, Techniques, and Expectations of the Rehabilitation Process. In Benzel EC ed. Contemporary Management of Spinal Cord Injury. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Publications. pp 238-246, 1995

17. Benzel EC, Baldwin NG, Ball PA: Texas Scottish Rite Hospital Hook-Rod Spinal Fixation. In Hitchon PW, Traynelis VC, Rengachary SS eds. Techniques in Spinal Fusion and Stabilization. New York: Thieme Medical Publishers. pp 229-239, 1995

18. Hart BL, Orrison WW, Benzel EC: Imaging Spinal Trauma. In Lee RR ed. Spinal Imaging: State of the Art Reviews. Hanley and Belfus, Inc. Philadelphia. pp 93-118, 1995

19. Benzel EC: Ventral Exposures of the Lumbar Spine. In Benzel EC ed. Surgical Exposures of the Spine: An Extensile Approach. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Publications. pp 99-116, 1995

20. Benzel EC: Lateral Exposures of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. In Benzel EC ed. Surgical Exposures of the Spine: An Extensile Approach. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Publications. pp 117-130, 1995

21. Benzel EC: Anatomically Based Management Strategies. In Benzel EC ed. Surgical Exposures of the Spine: An Extensile Approach. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Publications. pp 179- 194, 1995

22. Lewine JD, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG, Orrison WW: Magnetoencephalography. In Wilkins RH, Rengachary SS eds. Neurosurgery (Chapter 23). McGraw-Hill, New York. pp 253-258, 1996

23. Benzel EC: Management of Acute Spinal Cord Injury. In Wilkins RH, Rengachary SS eds. Neurosurgery (Chapter 283). McGraw-Hill, New York. pp 2861-2866, 1996

24. Benzel EC: Spinal Orthotics. In Menezes AH, Sonntag VKH eds. Principles of Spinal Surgery (Chapter 13). McGraw-Hill, New York. pp 181-190, 1996

25. Ball PA, Benzel EC: Pathology of Disk Degeneration. In Menezes AH, Sonntag VKH eds. Principles of Spinal Surgery (Chapter 30). McGraw-Hill, New York. pp 507-516, 1996

26. Benzel EC: Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Posterior Surgical Approaches. In Menezes AH, Sonntag VKH eds. Principles of Spinal Surgery (Chapter 36). McGraw-Hill, New York. pp 571-580, 1996

27. Caruso JR, Malone DG, Benzel EC: Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament. In Menezes AH, Sonntag VKH eds. Principles of Spinal Surgery (Chapter 46). McGraw-Hill, New York. pp 723- 733, 1996

28. Benzel EC: Management of Peripheral Nerve Trauma. In Tindall GT, Cooper PR, Barrow DL eds. The Practice of Neurosurgery (Chapter 189). Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore. pp 2849-2858, 1995

29. Benzel EC: Treatment of Thoracic Disc Herniation with Myelopathy: Thoracotomy vs. Costotransversectomy vs. The Lateral Extra Cavitary Approach. The Lateral Extra Cavitary Approach for Thoracic Disc Herniation with Myelopathy. In Al-Mefty, Origitano, Harky eds. Controversies in Neurosurgery (Chapter 25). Thieme, New York. pp 244-246, 1996

30. Kern MB, Malone DG, Benzel EC: Evaluation and Surgical Management of Thoracic and Lumbar Instability. Contemporary Neurosurgery. 18:(5), March 1996

31. Benzel EC, Doezema D: Pre-hospital Management of the Spinally Injured Patient. In Narayan, Wilberger, Povlishock eds. Neurotrauma (Chapter 78). McGraw-Hill, New York. pp 1113-1120, 1996

32. Benzel EC: Biomechanics and Spinal Stability for Spine and Spinal Cord Injury. In Zileli M, Ozer F eds. Spinal Surgery (Chapter 31), 1997

33. Kern MB, Malone DG, Benzel EC: Surgical Management of Thoracic and Lumbar Instability. In Neurosurgery Quarterly 7(2):77-102, 1997

34. Resnick DK, Weller SJ, Benzel EC: Biomechanics of the thoracolumbar spine. In Neurosurgery Clinics of North America 8 (4):455-469, 1997

35. Aebi M, Benzel EC: Cervical Spine Burst Fractures (Chapter 33). In Clark CR, ed. The Cervical Spine (Third Edition). Lippincott-Raven. pp 465-474, 1998

36. Malone DG, Benzel EC: Laminotomy and Laminectomy for Spinal Stenosis Causing Radiculopathy or Myelopathy (Chapter 60). In Clark CR, ed. The Cervical Spine (Third Edition). Lippincott-Raven. pp 817-824, 1998

37. Alberstone CD, Benzel EC: History. (Chapter 1). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1-21, 1999

38. Yoganandan N, Halliday AL, Dickman CA, Benzel EC: Practical Anatomy and Fundamental Biomechanics. (Chapter 5). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 93-120, 1999

39. Alberstone CD, Benzel EC: Fundamentals of the Spine Surgery Decision-Making Process. (Chapter 7). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 129-133, 1999

40. Zileli M, Naderi S, Benzel EC, Alberstone CD: Peroperative and Surgical Planning for Avoiding Complications. (Chapter 8). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 135-142, 1999

41. German J, Benzel EC, Alexander JT: The Cervical Spine. (Chapter 9). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 145-156, 1999

42. Heary RF, Benzel EC, Vaicys C: Single and Multiple Interbody Fusion Techniques. (Chapter 15). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 229-240, 1999

43. Heary RF, Benzel EC, Vaicys: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. (Chapter 24). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 333-346, 1999

44. Stillerman CB, McCormick PC, Benzel EC: Thoracic Discectomy. (Chapter 27). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 369-387, 1999

45. Ehni BL, Benzel EC: Lumbar discectomy. (Chapter 28). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 389-399, 1999

46. Batzdorf U, Saunders RL, Benzel EC: Cervical Spondylosis. (Chapter 30). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 411-419, 1999

47. Benzel EC: Degenerative Rotatory Scoliosis: Coronal Plane Lumbar Spine Deformity Correction. (Chapter 33). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 453-461, 1999

48. Weller SJ, Naderi S, Benzel EC: Cervical Facet Dislocations: A Ventral Surgical Strategy for Decompression, Reduction, and Stabilization. (Chapter 40). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 535- 540, 1999

49. Lancon JA, Benzel EC, Halliday AL: Anterior Sacral Meningocele and Related Lesions. (Chapter 55). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 783-792, 1999

50. D’Alise MD, Benzel EC, Hart BL, Vardiman AB: Evaluation of the Cervical Spine after Trauma. (Chapter 57). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 815-823, 1999

51. Yazbak PA, Ball PA, Benzel EC: Penetrating Spinal Cord Injuries. (Chapter 61). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 849-854, 1999

52. Zileli M, Benzel EC: Bone Graft Harvesting. (Chapter 64). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 877- 884, 1999

53. Sebring LA, Gallagher MR, Mueller WM, Benzel EC: The Obese Patient. (Chapter 67). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 905-915, 1999

54. D’Alise MD, Reisner A, Benzel EC: The Geriatric Patient. (Chapter 69). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 927-931, 1999

55. Weiser MW, Luevano CA, Benzel EC: Basic Anatomy for Engineers and Mechanics for Surgeons. (Chapter 72). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 963-969, 1999

56. Weiser MW, Luevano CA, Goel VK, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG: Spinal Implant Attributes: Distraction, Compression, and Three-Point Bending. (Chapter 73). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 971-978, 1999

57. Hollowell JP, Yoganandan N, Benzel EC: Spinal Implant Attributes: Cantilever Beam Fixation. (Chapter 74). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 979-990, 1999

58. Halliday AL, Zeleli M, Stillerman CB, Benzel EC: Dorsal Thoracic and Lumbar Screw Fixation and Pedicle Fixation Techniques. (Chapter 80). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1053-1064, 1999

59. Zileli M, Baldwin NG, Benzel EC: Iatrogenic Spine Destabilization. (Chapter 85). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1121-1127, 1999

60. Rengachary SS, Sanan A, Weiser MW, Benzel EC: Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Construct Design. (Chapter 87). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1141-1147, 1999

61. Woodard EJ, Benzel EC: The Fundamentals of Spine Deformity and Correction. (Chapter 88). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1149-1158, 1999

62. Zileli M, Benzel EC, Alberstone CD: Surgical Incisions, Positioning, and Retraction. (Chapter 89). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1161-1179, 1999

63. Sypert GW, Saunders RL: Intraoperative Nonparlytic Montoring. (Chapter 96). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1267-1269, 1999

64. Rodriguez DJ, Benzel EC: Nutritional Support. (Chapter 100). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1321- 1333, 1999

65. Naderi S, Benzel EC: Skin and Wound Care. (Chapter 101). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1335- 1345, 1999

66. Wilberger JE, Sarkarati M, Benzel EC, Tator CH: Medical Management of Adult and Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury. (Chapter 102). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1347-1351, 1999

67. Woodard EJ, Benzel EC: Orthoses. (Chapter 104). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1363-1378, 1999

68. Adams MS, Sypert GW, Benzel EC: The Nonoperative Management of Neck and Back Pain. (Chapter 106). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1393-1397, 1999

69. Pelofsky S, Bean JR, Blaylock K, Benzel EC, Shields CB: Economics and Practice Management. (Chapter 115). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1489-1501, 1999

70. Paramore CG Sonntag VKH, Benzel EC: The Nature of Controversy: The Spine Surgeon’s Position. Cervical Spondylosis with Minimal Myelopathy: to Decompress or Not to Decompress. (Chapter 116). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1509-1511, 1999

71. Gross JD, Benzel EC, Vaccaro AR, Ruston S, Northrup BE: The Nature of Controversy: The Spine Surgeon’s Posture. Reoperation for Failed Spinal Fusion: Augmentation of Fusion with Spinal Stimulation. (Chapter116). In Benzel EC, ed. Spine Surgery: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. New York: Churchill Livingstone. pp 1522-1528, 1999

72. Gross JD, Benzel EC: Anatomy. (Chapter 2). In Benzel EC, Stillerman CB, eds. The Thoracic Spine. St. Louis: Quality Medical Publishing. pp 29-53, 1999

73. Morone MA, Naderi S, Benzel EC: Principles and Techniques of Bone Fusion. (Chapter 11). In Benzel EC, Stillerman CB, eds. The Thoracic Spine. St. Louis: Quality Medical Publishing. pp 227- 279, 1999

74. Naderi S, Eichler ME, Dickman CA, Stillerman CB, Benzel EC: Spinal Instrumentation: Construct Design Strategies. (Chapter 14). In Benzel EC, Stillerman CB, eds. The Thoracic Spine. St. Louis: Quality Medical Publishing. pp 270-279, 1999

75. Benzel EC, Morone MA: Deformity Correction. (Chapter 15). In Benzel EC, Stillerman CB, eds. The Thoracic Spine. St. Louis: Quality Medical Publishing. pp 280-289, 1999

76. Stillerman CB, Chen TC, Couldwell WT, Benzel EC, Weiss MH: Algorithm for Management. (Chapter 18). In Benzel EC, Stillerman CB, eds. The Thoracic Spine. St. Louis: Quality Medical Publishing. pp 304-310, 1999

77. Benzel EC, Stillerman CB: Trauma. (Chapter 37). In Benzel EC, Stillerman CB, eds. The Thoracic Spine. St. Louis: Quality Medical Publishing. pp 537-548, 1999

78. Naderi S, Zeleli M, Benzel EC: Complications of Decompressive Spinal Surgery. (Chapter 42). In Benzel EC, Stillerman CB, eds. The Thoracic Spine. St. Louis: Quality Medical Publishing. pp 616- 620, 1999

79. Benzel EC: Ventral Subaxial Cervical Spine Instrumentation. In Yoganandan N et al eds. Frontiers in Head and Neck Trauma. IOS Press. pp 568-580, 1999

80. Lewine JD, Benzel EC, Baldwin NG, Orrison WW: Magnetoencephalography. In Alexander E, Maciunas RJ eds. Advanced Neurosurgical Navigation. Thieme. New York. pp 101-113, 1999

81. Gross JD, Baldwin NG, Benzel EC: Lumbosacral Junction Biomcehanics. In Hadley Md ed. Perspectives in Neurological Surgery. Thieme. New York. Vol 10, pp 71-99, 1999

82. Gross JD, Benzel EC: Dorsal Surgical Approach for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy. Techniques in Neurosurgery. Vol 5: (2): 162-176,1999

83. Oktenoglu BT, Benzel EC: Post-Injury Support in Spinal Cord Injuries. Chapter in State of the Art Reviews; Spinal Cord Injuries (ed Jens Chapman). Vol 13 (3) 451-468,1999

84. Lastra JL, Benzel EC: Surgical Exposure of Peripheral Nerves of the Upper Extremity. Part I: Median Nerve. Neurosurgery Operative Atlas. Vol 9, 257-261, 2000

85. Lastra JL, Benzel EC: Surgical Exposure of Peripheral Nerves of the Upper Extermity. Part II: Radial Nerve. Neurosurgery Operative Atlas. Vol 9, 263-265, 2000

86. Lastra JL, Benzel EC: Surgical Exposure of Peripheral Nerves of the Lower Extermity. Part I: Sciatic Nerve and Its Branches (Peroneal and Posterior Tibial Nerves). Neurosurgery Operative Atlas. Vol 9, 267-271, 2000

87. Lastra JL, Benzel EC: Surgical Exposure of Peripheral Nerves of the Lower Extremity. Part II: Femoral Nerve Saphenous Nerve, Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve, and Sural Nerve. Neurosurgery Operative Atlas. Vol 9, 273-277, 2000

88. Tator CH, Benzel EC: The Evolution of Modern Day Spine Surgery: An Historical Perspective. In Tator CH, Benzel EC eds. Contemporary Management of Spinal Cord Injury: From Impact to Rehabiliation. AANS Publications. pp 9-14, 2000

89. Benzel EC: Spinal Orthotics. In Tator CH, Benzel EC eds. Contemporary Management of Spinal Cord Injury: From Impact to Rehabiliation. AANS Publications. pp 285-296, 2000

90. Formal CS, Ditunno JF, Benzel EC: Fundamentals, Techniques, and Expectations of the Rehabiliation Process. In Tator CH, Benzel EC eds. Contemporary Management of Spinal Cord Injury: From Impact to Rehabiliation. AANS Publications. pp 297-302, 2000

91. Benzel EC, Lastra JJ, Kalfas I, Bak KH, Ferrara LA: The Biomechanics of Interbody Fusion and the Shortcomings of Lumbar Fusion with Cages and Interbody Bone Dowels. In Howard MA, Elliott JP, Haglund MM, McKhann GM eds. Clinical Neurosurgery – Volume 47 – Proceedings of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Boston, Massachusetts 1999. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp 557-588, 2000

92. Benzel EC: Spinal Stability. In Brock M, Schwarz W, Wille C eds. World Spine 1 – First Interdisciplinary World Congress on Spinal Surgery and Related Disciplines. Berlin, Germany, August 27-September 1, 2000. Monduzzi Editore. Pp 1-7, 2000

93. Bak KH, Chung JW, Kim JM, Kim CH, Ferrara L, Benzel EC, Kim KJ: The Effect of Repetive Insertion and Pullout of Spinal Screws on Pullout Resistance: A Biomechanical Study. World Spine 1 – First Interdisciplinary World Congress on Spinal Surgery and Related Disciplines. Berlin, Germany, August 27-September 1, 2000. Monduzzi Editore. Pp 55-63, 2000

94. Alberstone CD, Benzel EC: History of Thoracolumbar Decompression and Stabilization. In Dagi TF eds. Neurosurgery Clinics of North America – The History of Neurosurgical Technique. W.B. Saunders Company, 12(1):181-196, January 2001.

95. Lastra JL, Willis BH, Benzel EC: Geometrical Considerations for the Surgical Management of Low Back Pain. In Resnick DK, Haid RW eds. Surgical Management of Low Back Pain. American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Rolling Meadows, Illinois, 2001. PP 47-60

96. Benzel EC, Ferrara LA, Roy S, Fleischman AJ: Biomaterials and Implantable Devices: Discoveries in the Spine Surgery Arena. Clinical Neurosurgery – Volume 49 – Proceedings of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. San Diego, California, 2001. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp 209-225, 2001

97. Gallaher R, Benzel EC: Lumbar Spine Disorders: Natural History, Surgical Outcome, and Treamtent Failure Management. In Burchiel ed. Surgical Management of Pain. Thieme Medical Publishers, New York, pp342-353, 2002.

98. Benzel EC, Lastra J, Willis B: Biomechanical Consideration for the Surgical Management of Low Back Pain. In Resnick D, Selman W eds. American Association of Neurological Surgeons Neurosurgical Topics – Back Pain. AANS Publications, pp 47-60, 2001

99. Wakefield AE, Benzel EC: Complications of Cervical Surgery. In Fardon DF, Garfin SR eds. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, pp 443-448, 2002

100. Benzel EC, Ferrara LA: Biomechanics and Spinal Stability for Spine and Spinal Cord Injury (Chapter 62). Zileli and Ozer eds Omurilik ve Omurga Cerrahisi. META Basim Matbaacilik Hizmetleri Publishing Co, pages 797-811, 2002

101. Lastra JJ, Benzel EC: Biomechanics of Internal Fixation. In Vaccaro AR, Betz RR, Zeidman SM eds. Principles and Practice of Spine Surgery. St. Louis: Mosby, pp 43-65, 2003

102. Kowalski RJ, Benzel EC: Management of posttraumatic syringomyelia, in Vaccaro AR (ed): Fractures of the Cervical, Thoracic, and Lumbar Spine. Marcel Dekker, pp 687-695, October 2003

103. Kowalski RJ, Benzel EC: Management of posttraumatic deformity, in Vaccaro AR (ed): Fractures of the Cervical, Thoracic, and Lumbar Spine. Marcel Dekker, pp 697-707, October 2003

104. Benzel, EC, Kager CD: Cervical Pseudoarthrosis. In Batjer H, Loftus C eds. Textbook of Neurological Surgery. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pages 1965-1970, 2003

105. Benzel EC, Mitchell W: External Orthoses. In Batjer H, Loftus C eds. Textbook of Neurological Surgery. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pages 1584-1589, 2003

106. Steinmetz M, Eichbaum E, Benzel EC: Hook and Rod Fixation of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. In Batjer H, Loftus C eds. Textbook of Neurological Surgery. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pages 2147-2157, 2003

107. Mitchell W, Przybylski GJ, Benzel EC: Cervical Spine Biomechanics. In Batjer H, Loftus C eds. Textbook of Neurological Surgery. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pages 1539-1543, 2003

108. Baldwin NG, Ferrara LA, Morone MA, Benzel EC: Biomechanics of Lumbar Interbody Cages. In Haid RW, McLaughlin MR, Fessler RG eds Lumbar Interbody Fusion Techniques – Cages, Dowels, and Grafts. Quality Medical Publishing, pages 25-40, 2003

109. Benzel EC, Hahn J, Ferrara L, Kalfas I, Lieberman I: New Technology and the Spine Operating Room of the Future. In Apuzzo MLJ eds. The Operating Room for the 21st Century (American Association of Neurological Surgeons Neurosurgical Topics). American Association of Neurological Surgeons, pages 205-213, 2003

110. Naderi S, Benzel EC: Spinal Enstrumantasyon Kurgusunda Goz Onune Alinmasi Gereken Biyomekanik Ilkeler. In Naderi S eds Spinal Biyomekanigin Temelleri. META Basim Matbaacilik Hizmetleri Publishing Co, pages 229-236, 2003

111. Benzel EC: Spinal Fuzyonun Biyomekanigi. In Naderi S eds Spinal Biyomekanigin Temelleri. META Basim Matbaacilik Hizmetleri Publishing Co, pages 237-255, 2003

112. Benzel EC: Omurga Biyomekanigi Felsefesi. In Naderi S eds Spinal Biyomekanigin Temelleri. META Basim Matbaacilik Hizmetleri Publishing Co, pages 269-280, 2003

113. Benzel EC: The Essentials of Spine Biomechanics for the General Neurosurgeon. Clinical Neurosurgery – Volume 50 – Proceedings of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. San Diego, California, 2001. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 86-177, 2003

114. Harrop JS, Benzel EC: Intraspinal Neoplasms. In Frymoyer & Wiesel eds Adult and Pediatric Spine, Third Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins, 2004, Volume 1, Chapter 11C, Pages 289-299

115. Krishnaney A, Steinmetz M, Benzel EC: Biomechanics of Metastatic Spine Tumors. In Neurosurgery Clinics of North America. Neurosurgery Clinics of North America, Volume 15(4):375-380, October 2004

116. Alberstone CD, Naderi S, Benzel EC: History. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1-21, 2005

117. Kim DH, Vaccaro AR, Henderson F, and Benzel EC: Neural Injury at the Molecular Level. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 100-108, 2005

118. Yoganandan N, Halliday AL, Dickman CA, and Benzel EC: Practical Anatomy and Fundamental Biomechanics. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 109-135, 2005

119. Holman P and Benzel EC: Physical and Neurological Examination. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 136-143, 2005

120. Henderson F, Benzel EC, Kim DH, Vaccaro AR: Pathophysiology of Cervical Myelopathy: Biomechanical Concepts. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 160-168, 2005

121. Benzel EC, Lieberman IH, and Ferrara L: Bone Void Fillers: Bone and Bone Substitutes. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 192-203, 2005

122. Togawa D, Bauer T, Ferrara L, Eckhardt J, Lieberman I, and Benzel EC: Osteointegration. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 204-212, 2005

123. Coumans JV, Ferrara L, Oktenoglu T, Benzel EC, and McLain R: Biomechanical Testing. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 220-227, 2005

124. Harrop J, Alberstone CD, and Benzel EC: Fundamentals of the Spine Surgery. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 228-232, 2005

125. Zileli M, Naderi S, and Benzel EC: Preoperative and Surgical Planning for Avoiding Complications Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 233-241, 2005

126. German J, Ghanayem A, Benzel EC, and Alexander JT: The Cervical Spine and Cervicothoracic Junction. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 269-280, 2005

127. Heary RF, Benzel EC, and Vaicys C: Single and Multiple Single Interbody Fusion Techniques. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 351-362, 2005

128. Nieto J, Benzel EC: Combined Ventral/Dorsal Procedure. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 402-406, 2005

129. Heary RF, Benzel EC, Vaicys C: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 402-406, 2005

130. Stillerman CB, McCormick PC, and Benzel EC: Thoracic Discectomy. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 582-600, 2005

131. Ehni B, Benzel EC, and Biscup R: Lumbar Discectomy. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 601-618, 2005

132. Saunders RL, Benzel EC, and Bohlman H: Cervical Spondylosis. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 633-641, 2005

133. Benzel EC and Nockles R: Degenerative Rotatory Scoliosis: Coronal Plane Lumbar Spine Deformity Correction. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 675-683, 2005

134. Weller SJ, Naderi S, and Benzel EC: Cervical Facet Dislocations: Surgical Strategies for Decompression, Reduction, and Stabilization. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 782-787, 2005

135. Steinmetz M, Kager C, Benzel EC, and Vaccaro A: Kyphotic Cervical Deformity Correction. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 788-795, 2005

136. Harrop J, Steinmetz M, Benzel EC: Deformity Correction. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 876-892, 2005

137. Lancon JA, Benzel EC, Tibbs RE: Anterior Sacral Meningocele. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1156-1165, 2005

138. D’Alise MD, Benzel EC, Hart BI, and Vardiman AB: Evaluation of the Cervical Spine After Trauma. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1193-1201, 2005

139. Babat B, Benzel EC, and Papadopoulos SM: Revascularization and Scar Prevention: Omental Transposistion and Spine Surgery. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1202-1209, 2005

140. Steinmetz M, McCormick WE, Valadka A, Ball PA, Yazbak PA, Benzel EC: Penetrating Spinal Cord Injuries. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1226-1233, 2005

141. Zileli M, Benzel EC, and Bell G: Bone Graft Harvesting. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1253-1261, 2005

142. Cheng JE, Schmidt MH, Mueller WM, and Benzel EC: The Obese Patient. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1320-1332, 2005

143. Hart R, D’Alise MD, and Benzel EC: The Geriatric Patient. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1345-1356, 2005

144. Butler J, Ferrara L, and Benzel EC: Basic Biomechanically Relevant Anatomy. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1397-1410, 2005

145. Weiser MW, Luevano CA, Goel VK, Benzel EC, and Baldwin NG: Spinal Implant Attributes: Distraction, Compression, and Three-Point Bending. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1411-1417, 2005

146. Hollowell JP, Yoganandan N, and Benzel EC: Spinal Implant Attributes: Cantilever Beam Fixation. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1418-1429, 2005

147. Leon S, DiAngelo D, Benzel EC, Yuan H, and Foley K: Spinal Implant Attributes: Dynamic Spine Fixation. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1430-1433, 2005

148. Kowalski R, Ferrara L, Benzel EC: Biomechanics of Motion Segment Preservation Techniques. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1434-1443, 2005

149. Steinmetz M, Benzel EC, and Apfelbaum R: Subsidence and Dynamic Spinal Stabilization. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1477-1485, 2005

150. Halliday AL, Zileli M, Stillerman CB, and Benzel EC: Dorsal Thoracic and Lumbar Screw Fixation and Pedicle Fixation Techniques. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1518-1528, 2005

151. Zileli M, Baldwin NG, and Benzel EC: Iatrogenic Spine Destabilization. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1586-1595, 2005

152. Brodke D, Rengachary S, and Benzel EC: Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Construct Design. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1609-1616, 2005

153. Lenke L, Woodard EJ, and Benzel EC: Spine Deformity and Deformity Correction. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1617-1626, 2005

154. Zileli M, Benzel EC, and Rechtine G: Surgical Incisions, Positioning, and Retraction. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1655-1677, 2005

155. McCormick W, Steinmetz M, Hamilton A, Crownover R and Benzel EC: Stereotaxis and Radiosurgery. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1788-1796, 2005

156. Mitchell W, Salah-Uddin ABM, and Benzel EC: Spine Surgery Monitoring. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1812-1819, 2005

157. Harrop J, Rodriguez DJ, and Benzel EC: Nutritional Care of the Spinal Cord Injured Patient. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1873-1886, 2005

158. Henwood A, Naderi S, and Benzel EC: Skin and Wound Care. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1887-1899, 2005

159. Wilberger JE, Sarkarati M Benzel EC, and Tator CH: Medical Management of Adult and Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1900-1904, 2005

160. Woodard EJ, Kowalski R, and Benzel EC: Orthoses: Complication Prevention and Management. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1915-1934, 2005

161. Henwood A, Adams MS, Sypert GW, and Benzel EC: The Nonoperative Management of Neck and Back Pain. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 1954-1963, 2005

162. Benzel EC: Not to Decompress. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 2067, 2005

163. Virella A and Benzel EC: Laminoplasty – French Door. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 2112, 2005

164. Steinmetz M, Krishnaney AA, and Benzel EC: Laminectomy. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 2213, 2005

165. Steinmetz M, Kager C, and Benzel EC: Ventral Approach. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 2126-2128, 2005

165. Krishnaney AA, Steinmetz MP, and Benzel EC: Combined Ventral and Dorsal Approach. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 2134-2136, 2005

167. Pelofsky S, Bean JR, Blaylock K, Benzel EC, and Shields CB: Economics and Practice Management. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 2173-2185, 2005

168. Steinmetz MP, Miller JH, Benzel EC: Intraoperative Crisis Management in Spine Surgery: What to do when things go bad. Spine Surgery II: Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Benzel EC (ed). Philadelphia: Elsevier - Churchill Livingstone. Pages 2194-2205, 2005

169. Mekhail AO, Steinmetz MP, Benzel EC: Subaxial Cervical Spine Burst Fractures. In Clark C eds Cervical Spine IV. Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins. Philadelphia, PA Pp 683-695, 2005

170. Mitchell W, Buono L, Benzel EC: Nonparalytic Anesthesia and Real-Time Monitorinig. In Clark CR (ed) The Cervical Spine (4th Edition), Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. Pp 248-254, 2005

171. Steinmetz MP, McCormick W, Benzel EC: Cervical Radiculopathy: Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis. In Clark CR (ed) The Cervical Spine (4th Edition), Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. Pp 196-198, 2005

172. Steinmetz MP, Krishnaney AA, Miller JH, Benzel EC: DOC Ventral Cervical Spine System. In Kim DH, Vaccaro AR, Fessler RG (eds) Spinal Instrumentation, Thieme, New York, NY. Pp151-156, 2005

173. Placide R, Krishnaney AA, Steinmetz MP, Benzel EC. Surgical Management of Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy. In Schmidek HH & Roberts DW (eds). Schmidek and Sweet - Operative Neurosurgerical Techniques: Indications, Methods, and Results (fifth edition). Saunders Elsevier 2006, pp 1865-1878

174. Shedid D, Benzel EC: Presenting History and Common Symptoms of Spine Tumors. In Cancer in the Spine: Comprehensive Care. McLain RF (ed). Humana Press, Totowa, NJ 2006, pp 49-53

175. Steinmetz M, Mekhail AO, Benzel EC: Problem-Based Decision-Making. In Cancer in the Spine: Comprehensive Care. McLain RF (ed). Humana Press, Totowa, NJ 2006, pp 233-237

176. Shedid D, Benzel EC: Neoplastic Disease of the Spinal Cord and the Spinal Canal. In Cancer in the Spine: Comprehensive Care. McLain RF (ed). Humana Press, Totowa, NJ 2006, pp 279-284

177. Lewandrowski KU, McLain RF, Benzel EC: Bracing for Patients with Spinal Tumors. In Cancer in the Spine: Comprehensive Care. McLain RF (ed). Humana Press, Totowa, NJ 2006, pp 337-341

178. Benzel EC, Steinmetz MP, Henwood A, Babat LB, Mekhail A: When is Enough, Enough? In Cancer in the Spine: Comprehensive Care. McLain RF (ed). Humana Press, Totowa, NJ 2006, pp 365-370

Invited Letters, Comments, and Reviews
1. Willis BK, Benzel EC: Acute Postmyelographic Neurological Deterioration (letter). J Neurosurg 69:148-149, 1988

2. Benzel EC, Kesterson L: Gunshot Wound to the Odontoid Process: A Case Report (letter). Spine 12:1052-1054, 1988

3. Benzel EC, Kesterson L: An Implant Clamp for Atlanto-Axial Fusion (letter). J Neurology Neurosurg Psychiatry 52:291-292, 1989

4. Kesterson L, Benzel EC: ‘Brain Death’ and Organ Eetrieval (letter). JAMA 262:2835-2836, 1989

5. Benzel EC: Adult Hydrocephalus and Shunting (comment). Neurosurgery 27:659, 1990

6. Benzel EC: Peritumoral Blood Flow in Intracranial Meningiomas (comment). Neurosurgery 28:404, 1991

7. Benzel EC: Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine. White A and Panjabi M editors. Lippincott (2nd edition)(book review) Neurosurgery 28:925-926, 1991

8. Benzel EC: Posterior Wiring With and Without Bone Fusion (letter). J Neurosurg 75:340-341, 1991

9. Benzel EC: Advances in Neurology, Vol 54. Magnetoencephalography. Susumu Sato, editor. New York: Raven Press, 1991, 298 pp, illus. ISBN 0-88167-716-7 (book review). J Neurosurg 75:493- 494, 1991

10. Benzel EC: Traumatic Quadriplegia with Dislocation and Central Disc Herniation (clinical opinion). J Spinal Disord 4:492-497, 1991

11. Benzel EC: The Effect of Graded Spinal Cord Injury on the Extrapyramidal and Pyramidal Motor Evoked Potentials of the Rat (comment). Neurosurgery 30:84, 1992

12. Benzel EC, Kesterson L, Marchand EP: Instrumentation for Spinal Trauma (letter). J Neurosurg 76:560-561, 1992

13. Ball PA, Benzel EC: Intracranial Pressure with Head Elevation (letter). J Neurosurg 76:652, 1992

14. Ball PA, Marchand EP, Benzel EC, Willis BK: Stereotactic Biopsy in AIDS Patients. British J Neurosurg 6:505-506, 1992

15. Hadden TA, Benzel EC: Preventive Aspects of Helmet Safety. Western J Med 158:69-70, 1993

16. Benzel EC: Spine Curriculum: The Faculty Perspective. in American Association of Neurological Surgeons Bulletin, pp 5 and 29, Fall, 1992

17. Benzel EC: Occipitocervical Fusion (comment). Neurosurgery 32:207, 1993

18. Benzel EC: Occipital Condyle Fractures (comment). Neurosurgery 34:261, 1994

19. Lewine JD, Benzel EC: Presurgical Three-Dimensional Magnetic Source Imaging of the Somatosensory Cortex in a Patient with a Peri-Rolandic Lesion: Technical note (comment). Neurosurgery 34:933, 1994

20. Benzel EC: Spontaneous Atlantoaxial Osteomyelitis: No Longer a Rare Case? Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 35:135-136, 1994

21. Benzel EC: Cervical Root Compression By a Loop of the Vertebral Artery: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 35:142, 1994

22. Benzel EC: Management of Infected Laminectomy Wounds (comment). Neurosurgery 35:309, 1994

23. Benzel EC: Intramedullary Abscess: A Report of Two Cases and a Review of the Literature (comment). Neurosurgery 35:326, 1994

24. Benzel EC: Intramedullary Tuberculoma of the Spinal Cord: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 35:330, 1994

25. Benzel EC: Cognitive Recovery in Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: A Prospective Study (comment). Neurosurgery 35:404-405, 1994

26. Benzel EC: Intravertebral Pressure Changes Caused by Spinal Microtrauma (comment). Neurosurgery 35:421, 1994

27. Benzel EC: Liver Dysfunction in Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage (comment). Neurosurgery 35:596, 1994

28. Benzel EC: Severe Cervical Kyphotic Deformities in Patients with Plexiform Neurofibromas: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 35:964, 1994

29. Benzel EC: Clinical Opinion: Cystic Lesion of the Second Cervical Vertebral Body: Case report. J Spin Disord 7:533-539, 1994

30. Benzel EC: Shunt Failures and Complications in Adults as Related to Shunt Type, Diagnosis, and the Experience of the Surgeon (comment). Neurosurgery 35:844, 1994

31. Benzel EC: Reduction and Stabilization Without Laminectomy for Unstable Degenerative Spondylolisthesis: A Preliminary Report (comment). Neurosurgery 35:1076, 1994

32. Benzel EC: Lateral Exposure of the Cervicothoracic Spine for Anterior Decompression and Osteosynthesis (comment). Neurosurgery 35:1124, 1994

33. Benzel EC: Spinal Tuberculosis with Circumferential Involvement of Two Noncontiguous Isolated Vertebral Levels: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 35:1158, 1994

34. Benzel EC: Isolated Lumbosacral Neurenteric Cyst with Partial Sacral Agenesis: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 35:1162-1163, 1994

35. Benzel EC: Modern Management of Spinal Tuberculosis (comment). Neurosurgery 36:97, 1995

36. Benzel EC: Intraventricular Rupture of a Purulent Brain Abscess: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 36:193, 1995

37. Benzel EC: Intraoperative Monitoring of Motor Function by Magnetic Motor Evoked Potentials (comment). Neurosurgery 36:500, 1995

38. Anson JA, Benzel EC: Spinal Epidural Cavernous Angioma Presenting as a Lumbar Radiculopathy with Analysis of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Characteristics: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 36:588, 1995

39. Benzel EC: Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency Resulting from Traumatic Atlantoaxial Instability: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 36:841, 1995

40. Benzel EC: An Experimental Technique to Induce and Quantify Complex Cyclic Forces to the Lumbar Spine (comment). Neurosurgery 36:964, 1995

41. Benzel EC: Biomechanical Effects of Transoral Odontoidectomy (comment). Neurosurgery 36:1152- 1153, 1995

42. Benzel EC: Posterior Fossa Volume and Response to Suboccipital Decompression in Patients with Chiari Malformation (comment). Neurosurgery 37:218, 1995

43. Benzel EC: On the Pathogenesis of the Radiculopathy Complicating Multilevel

44. Benzel EC: Complications of Cervical Ddiscography: Analysis of 4400 Diagnostic Disc Injections (comment). Neurosurgery 37:417, 1995

45. Benzel EC: Antibiotic Penetration into Cervical Discs (comment). Neurosurgery 37:421, 1995

46. Benzel EC: C1-C2 Posterior Cervical Fusion: Long-Term Evaluation of Results and Efficacy (comment). Neurosurgery 37:692-693, 1995

47. Benzel EC: Intramedullary Spinal Cord Abscess: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 37:819, 1995

48. Benzel EC: Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy (letter). J Neurosurg 83:942-943, 1995

49. Benzel EC: Retropleural Approach to the Thoracic and Thoracolumbar Spine (comment). Neurosurgery 37:914, 1995

50. Benzel EC: Potential Contribution of Bilateral Magnetic Source Imaging to the Evaluation of Epilepsy Surgery Candidates (comment). Neurosurgery 37:1120, 1995

51. Benzel EC: Fractured Odontoid: The Management of Delayed Neurological Symptoms (comment). Neurosurgery 38:43, 1996

52. Benzel EC: Injuries Involving the Transverse Atlantal Ligament: Classification and Treatment Guidelines Based Upon Experience with 39 Injuries (comment). Neurosurgery 38:50, 1996

53. Benzel EC: Prospective Analysis by Computed Tomography and Long-Term Outcome of 23 Adult Patients with Chronic Idiopathic Hydrocephalus (comment). Neurosurgery 38:59, 1996

54. Benzel EC: Vertical Fracture of the Odontoid Process: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 38:202- 203, 1996

55. Benzel EC: C1-C2 Fusion in Children with Atlantoaxial Instability and Spinal Cord Compression: Technical Note (comment). Neurosurgery 38:215, 1996

56. Baldwin NG, Benzel EC, Hartman GP: Anterior Plate Failure (letter to the editor). J Neurosurg 84:537- 538, 1996

57. Benzel EC: Intramedullary Subependymoma of the Spinal Cord (comment). Neurosurgery 38:256-257, 1996

58. Benzel EC: Thoracic Vertebrectomy and Reconstruction Using a Microsurgical Thoracoscopic Approach (comment). Neurosurgery 38:292, 1996

59. Benzel EC: Use of the Extreme Lateral Approach in the Surgical Treatment of an Intradural Ventral Cervical Spinal Cord Vascular Malformation: Technical Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 38:414- 415, 1996

60. Benzel EC: False Localizing Signs in Upper Cervical Spinal Cord Compression (comment). Neurosurgery 38:449, 1996

61. Benzel EC: Nonoperative Management of Types II and II Odontoid Fractures: The Philadelphia Collar Versus the Halo Vest (comment). Neurosurgery 38:457, 1996

62. Benzel EC: Magnetic Resonance Neurography for Cervical Radiculopathy: A Preliminary Report (comment). Neurosurgery 38:492, 1996

63. Benzel EC: Internal Fixation of the Spine Using a Braided Titanium Cable: Clinical Results and Postoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging (comment). Neurosurgery 38:496-497, 1996

64. Benzel EC: Spontaneous Resolution of a Large Spinal Epidural Hematoma: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 38:818, 1996

65. Benzel EC: Post-Traumatic Progressive Cervical Myelopathy in Patient with Congenital Spinal Stenosis (clinical opinion). Journal of Spinal Disorders 9:80, 1996

66. Benzel EC: Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunting in Idiopathic Normal-Pressure Hydrocephalus of the Elderly: Effect of Periventricular and Deep White Matter Lesions (comment). Neurosurgery 39:300, 1996

67. Benzel EC: Microsurgical Anatomy of the Lateral Approach to Extraforaminal Lumbar Disc Herniations (comment). Neurosurgery 39:351, 1996

68. Benzel EC: Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Mapping of the Motor Cortex in Patients with Cerebral Tumors (comment). Neurosurgery 39:520-521, 1996

69. Benzel EC: Molecular Methods of Enhancing Lumbar Spine Fusion (comment). Neurosurgery 39:554, 1996

70. Benzel EC: The Axis Fixation System for Posterior Instrumentation of the Cervical Spine (comment). Neurosurgery 39:614, 1996

71. Benzel EC: The History of Spinal Biomechanics (comment). Neurosurgery 39:668-669, 1996

72. Benzel EC: Anatomic Consideration of C2 Pedicle Screw Placement (letter to the editor). Spine 21: 2301-2302, 1996

73. Benzel EC: Flow Void of Cerebrospinal Fluid in Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus of the Elderly: Can It Predict Outcome after Shunting? (Comment). Neurosurgery 40:74, 1997

74. Benzel EC: Spinal Intramedullary Cysticerocosis (comment). Neurosurgery 40:87, 1997

75. Benzel EC: Intraoperative Recording of the Bulbocavernosus Reflex (comment). Neurosurgery 40:92, 1997

76. Benzel EC: Aneurysm of the Intradural Artery of Adamkiewicz Treatment with Muslin Wrapping: Case Report. Neurosurgery 40:209, 1997

77. Benzel EC: Primary Hydatid Cyst of Sacral Spinal Canal: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 40:409, 1997

78. Benzel EC: White Matter Lesions in Patients with Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus and in an Age-Matched Control Group: A Comparative Study (comment). Neurosurgery 40:495, 1997

79. Benzel EC: Prognostic Factors of Posterior Cervical Disc Surgery: A Prospective, Consecutive Study of 54 Patients (comment). Neurosurgery 40:728, 1997

80. Benzel EC: Lumbar Cerebrospinal Fluid Drainage for Symptomatic Sacral Nerve Root Cysts: An Adjuvant Diagnostic Procedure and/or Alternative Treatment? Technical Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 40:864, 1997

81. Benzel EC: Anterior Decompression and Fusion Using Bone Grafts Obtained from Cervical Vertebral Bodies for Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament of the Cervical Spine: Technical Note (comment). Neurosurgery 40:869, 1997

82. Benzel EC: Dorsal Approach to Presacral Biopsy: Technical Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 40:1088, 1997

83. Benzel EC: Instrumentation, Technique, and Technology - Cranial/Spinal Retractor (comment). Neurosurgery 40:1098, 1997

84. Benzel EC: Granulocytic Sarcoma of the Spine in Nonleukemic Patients: Report of Three Cases (comment). Neurosurgery 40:1287,1997

85. Benzel EC: Idiopathic Spinal Spidural Lipomatosis (comment). Neurosurgery 41:74, 1997

86. Benzel EC: Cine Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Spinal Intradural Arachnoid Cysts (comment). Neurosurgery 41:100, 1997

87. Benzel EC: Partial Pediculectomy in the Treatment of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: Technical Note (comment). Neurosurgery. 41:310, 1997

88. Benzel EC: Delayed Cervical Epidural Hemorrhage Associated with Silastic Dural Implant: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery. 41:945, 1997

89. Benzel EC: Intraradicular Lumbar Disc Herniation: Case Report and Review of the Literature (comment). Neurosurgery 41:958, 1997

90. Benzel EC: A Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Cage for Vertebral Body Replacement: Technical Note (comment). 41: Neurosurgery 41:1206, 1997

91. Benzel EC: The Ray Threaded Fusion Cage for Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (comment). Neurosurgery 42:205, 1998

92. Benzel EC: The Contributions of Dr. Roswell Park to Epilepsy and Spinal Surgery (comment). Neurosurgery 42:377, 1998

93. Benzel EC: Intramedullary Holocord Lipoma in an Athlete: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 42:397, 1998

94. Benzel EC: Biology of Neurological Recovery and Functional Restoration After Spinal Cord Injury (comment). Neurosurgery 42:707-8, 1998

95. Benzel EC: Artificial Cervical Joint (letter to the editor). J Neurosurg 88:1121, 1998

96. Benzel EC: Acquired Dural Arteriovenous Malformations of the Lumbar Spine: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 42:1389, 1998

97. Benzel EC: Extraction of Broken Pedicle Screws: Technical Note (comment). Neurosurgery 42:1400, 1998

98. Benzel EC: Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Surgical Results and Factors Affecting Prognosis (comment). Neurosurgery 43:49,1998

99. Benzel EC: A Prospective Randomized Study of Anterior Single-Level Cervical Disc Operations with Long-Term Follow-Up: Surgical Fusion is Unnecessary (comment). Neurosurgery 43:55,1998

100. Benzel EC: Nontraumatic Atlanto-Occipital and Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 43:164-165,1998

101. Benzel EC: The Long-Term Clinical Outcome of Patients Undergoing Anterior Cervical Discectomy With and Without Intervertebral Bone Graft Placement (comment). Neurosurgery 43:273,1998

102. Benzel EC: Posterior C1-C2 Transarticular Screw Fixation for Atlantoaxial Arthrodesis (comment). Neurosurgery 43:280, 1998

103. Benzel EC: The Use of the BendMeister Rod Bender for Occipitocervical Fusion: Technical Note (comment). Neurosurgery 43:391, 1998

104. Benzel EC: Cervical Myelopathy Caused by Hypoplasia of the Atlas: Two Case Reports and Review of the Literature (comment). Neurosurgery 43:633,1998

105. Benzel EC: A Paramedian Tangential Approach to Lumbosacral Extraforaminal Disc Herniations (comment). Neurosurgery 43:861,1998

106. Benzel EC: Cervical Actinomycosis Causing Spinal Cord Compression and Multisegmental Root Failure: Case Report and Review of the Literature (comment). Neurosurgery 43:940,1998

107. Benzel EC: Syringomyelia Persistence after Chiari Decompression as a Result of Pseudomeningocele Formation: Implications for Syrinx Pathogenesis: Report of Three Cases (comment). Neurosurgery 43:948,1998

108. Benzel EC: Intraosseous Schwannoma of the Fourth Lumbar Vertebra: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 43:1222,1998

109. Benzel EC, Ferrara L, Baldwin: Multidirectional Stabilizing Potential of BAK Interbody Spinal Fusion System for Anterior Surgery (letter to the editor). J Spinal Disord 11(5):454-455,1998

110. Benzel EC: Odontoid Process and C1-C2 Corrective Osteotomy Through a Posterior Approach: Technical Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 43:1486-1487,1998

111. Benzel EC: Neurosurgery in the New Millennium – Predictions for the Century Ahead. Spine Research and Spine Surgery (comment). AANS Bulletin, Fall 1999/Winter 2000, 10-14

112. Benzel EC: Multisegmental Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy and Radiculopathy Treated by Multilevel Oblique Corpectomies without Fusion (comment). Neurosurgery 44:90,1999

113. Benzel EC: Analysis of Dural Configuration for Evaluation of Posterior Decompression in Cervical Myelopathy (comment). Neurosurgery 44:96,1999

114. Benzel EC: Kinematics of Cervical Spine Discectomy With and Without Bone Grafting: Quantitative Evaluation of Late Fusion in a Sheep Model (comment). Neurosurgery 44:146,1999

115. Benzel EC: Occipitocervical Fixation Using Hooks and Screws for Upper Cervical Instability (comment). Neurosurgery 44:330,1999

116. Benzel EC: Intradiscal Pressure Recordings in the Cervical Spine (comment). Neurosurgery 44:383,1999

117. Benzel EC: Traumatic Epidural Hematoma of the Cervical Spine: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Diagnosis and Spontaneous Resolution: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 44:410-411,1999

118. Benzel EC: Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Patterns of Neurological Deficit and Recovery After Anterior Cervical Decompression (comment). Neurosurgery 44:769, 1999

119. Benzel EC: Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Functional and Radiographic Long-Term Outcome after Laminectomy and Posterior Fusion (comment). Neurosurgery 44:777,1999

120. Benzel EC: Quantitative Analysis of Cerebrospinal Fluid Flow in Patients with Cervical Spondylosis Using Cine Phase-Contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (comment). Neurosurgery 44:784,1999

121. Benzel EC: Emergency Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Cervical Spinal Cord Injuries: Clinical Correlation and Prognosis (comment). Neurosurgery 44:792,1999

122. Benzel EC, Bashook NS: The American Association of Neurological Surgeons Professional Development Program: History and Philosophy. Neurosurgery On-Call. October 1999

123. Benzel EC: Changing Face of Academic Practice: Academic Neurosurgery at the Crossroads. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons Bulletin. Summer 1999, 18

124. Benzel EC: A New Surgical Technique: Open Window Corpectomy in the Treatment of Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament and Advanced Cervical Spondylosis: Technical Note (comment). Neurosurgery 45:1468,1999

125. Benzel EC: Cervical Spine Surgery: Dynamic Ventral Fixation System Sparks Interest. The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Neuroscience Pathways, Fall 1999

126. Benzel EC: Neurosurgery in the New Millennium: Spine Research and Spine Surgery. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons Bulletin. Fall 1999/Winter 2000, 12-13

127. Benzel EC, Orrico K: American Association of Neurological Surgeons and Congress of Neurological Surgeons Endorse Bone and Joint Decade. Spine News. January 2000, 2

128. Benzel EC: Estrogen and Progesterone Receptor Negative T11 Vertebral Hemangioma Presenting as a Prospartum Compression Fracture: Case Report and Management (comment). Neurosurgery 46:221, 2000

129. Benzel EC: Visual Loss after Spine Surgery: A Survey (comment). Neurosurgery 46(3):630, 2000

130. Benzel EC: Lumbar Radiculopathy Secondary to Gouty Tophi in the Filum Terminale in a Patient without Systemic Gout: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 46(4):988, 2000

131. Benzel EC: Multilevel Thoracic Pedicle Aplasia Causing Congenital Thoracic Kyphosis: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 46(4):990, 2000

132. Benzel EC, Orrico KO: Dawning of a New Decade: Heightening Awareness of Musculoskeletal Conditions. AANS Bulletin 9(2):14, Summer 2000

133. Benzel EC: Correct Intraoperative Screw Insertion. Neurosurgical Forum – Letters to the Editor. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine 93:179, July 2000

134. Benzel EC: Tumoral Calcinosis of the Lumbar Meninges: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 47(1):232, 2000

135. Benzel EC: Motor Response of the Leg Muscles Produced by Position-selective Stimultion of Spinal Nerve Roots (comment). Neurosurgery 47(7):105, 2000

136. Benzel EC: Surgery for Cervical Spinal Cord Compression in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis (comment). Neurosurgery 47(3):642, 2000

137. Benzel EC: Catastrophic Football Injuries: 1977-1998 (comment). Neurosurgery 47(3):676, 2000

138. Benton PG, Benzel EC: Conflicts of Interest: Legal Perspectives for Scientific Research and Patient Care. Editorial Comment. SpineLine. Pp 35-38, September/October 2000

139. Benzel EC: Molecular Biology of Degenerative Disc Disease (comment). Neurosurgery 47(5):1040, 2000

140. Benzel EC, Ferrara L: Electrical Bone Graft Stimulation for Spinal Fusion: A Review (comment). Neurosurgery 47(5):1056, 2000

141. Benzel EC: Surgical Anatomic Evaluation of the Cervical Pedicle and Adjacent Neural Structures (comment). Neurosurgery 47(5):1168, 2000

142. Benzel EC, Baldwin N: Bridging the Gap Between Science and Practice in Managing Low Back Pain – A Comprehensive Spine Care System in a Health Maintenance Organzization Setting (Letter to the Editor). Spine 25(21):2844-2845, 2000

143. Benzel EC: Femoral Ring Allograft for Anterior Cervical Interbody Fusion: Technical Note (comment). Neurosurgery 47(6):1457-1459, 2000

144. Benzel EC: Surgical Management of Spinal Neoplams. The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Neuroscience Pathways, Fall 2000

145. Benzel EC, Ferrara LA: Cervical Interbody Fusion. Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine 94:180, 2001

146. Benzel EC: Diseases of the Spine in South American Mummies (comment). Neurosurgery 48(1):208- 213, 2001

147. Benzel EC: En Bloc Laminoplasty Performed with Threadwire Saw: Technical Note (comment). Neurosurgery 48(1):235-239, 2001

148. Benzel EC: Vascular Orientation by Intra-Arterial Dye Injection during Spinal Arteriovenous Malformation Surgery: Technical Note (comment). Neurosurgery 48(1):240-242, 2001

149. Benzel EC: Anterior Lumbar Microdisectomy and Interbody Fusion for the Treatment of Recurrent Disc Herniation (comment). Neurosurgery 48(2):334-338, 2001

150. Benzel EC: Intraoperative Reduction of Locked Facets in the Cervical Spine by Use of a Modified Interlaminar Spreader: Technical Note (comment). Neurosurgery 48(2):444-446, 2001

151. Benzel EC: Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Technique, Complications, and Early Results (comment). Neurosurgery 48(3):569-575, 2001

152. Benzel EC: A Spinal Thecal Sac Constriction Model Supports the Theory That Induced Pressure Gradients in the Cord Cause Edema and Cyst Formation (comment). Neurosurgery 48(3):636-646, 2001

153. Benton PG, Benzel EC: What Constitutes an Expert Witness? Editorial Comment. SpineLine. Pp 33- 38, March/April 2001

154. Benzel EC: Stereotactic Navigation for Placement of Pedicle Screws in the Thoracic Spine (comment). Neurosurgery 48(4):771-779, 2001

155. Benzel EC: A Phantom Study of the Geometric Accuracy of Computed Tomographic and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Stereotactic Localization with the Leksell Stereotactic System (comment). Neurosurgery 48(5):1092-1099, 2001

156. Benzel EC: Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma of the Spine Presenting as Cervical Myelopathy: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 48(5):1166-1168, 2001

157. Benzel EC: Tophaceous Gout of the Spine Mimicking Epidural Infection: Case Report and Review of the Literature (comment). Neurosurgery 48(5):1170-1173, 2001

158. Benzel EC: Microcatheterization of the Cervical Epidural Space via Lumbar Puncture: Technical Note (comment). Neurosurgery 48(5):1183-1187, 2001

159. Benzel EC: Far Lateral Disc Excision at L5-S1 Complicated by Iliolumbar Artery Incursion: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 48(6):1377-1380, 2001

160. Benton PG, Benzel EC: Informed Consent. Editorial Comment. SpineLine. Pp 33-39, May/June 2001

161. Benzel EC: C1-C2 Transarticular Screw Fixation for Atlantoaxial Instability: A 6-year Experience (comment). Neurosurgery 49(1):65-70, July 2001

162. Benzel EC: Superior Rectal Artery Injury Following Lumbar Disc Surgery – Case Report (editorial). Journal of Neurosurgery – Spine 95(1):153-155, 2001

163. Benzel EC: The Decade of the Spine. The Spine Files - Spine Policy. The Spine Journal 1(2001) 73

164. Benzel EC: Incidentally Identified Syringomyelia Associated with Chiari I Malformations: Is Early Interventional Surgery Necessary? (comment). Neurosurgery 49(3):637-641, September 2001

165. Benzel EC: Microsurgical Anatomy of the Superior and Recurrent Laryngeal Nerves (comment). Neurosurgery 49(4):925-933, 2001

166. Benzel EC: A New, Pluronic-based, Bone Hemostatic Agent That Does Not Impair Osteogenesis (comment). Neurosurgery 49(4):962-968, 2001

167. Benzel EC: Analysis of Hypertrophy of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament of the Cervical Spine, on the Basis of Clinical and Experimental Studies (comment). Neurosurgery 49(5):1091-1098, 2001

168. Benzel EC: Percutaneous Transpedicular Polymethylmethacrylate Vertebroplasty for the Treatment of Spinal Compression Fractures (comment). Neurosurgery 49(5):1105-1115, 2001

169. Benzel EC, Muehlbauer E, Orrico K: New Spin on the Spine – Introducing the Decade of the Spine Initiative. AANS Bulletin 10(4):43, Winter 2001

170. Benzel EC: Clinical and radiological results of lumbar microdisketomy technique with preserving of ligamentum flavum comparing to the standard microdiskectomy technique (Comment). Surgical Neurology 57(1):13, 2002

171. Benzel EC: Anterior Cervical Plating Enhances Arthrodesis after Discectomy and Fusion with Cortical Allograft (comment). Neurosurgery 50(2):229-237, 2002

172. Benzel EC: Biportal Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy: Surgical Techniques and Clinical Results for the Treatment of Hyperhidrosis (comment). Neurosurgery 50(2):306-312, 2002

173. Benzel EC: Chondromyxoid Fibroma of the Cervical Spine: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 50(2):409-411, 2002

174. Benzel EC: Commentary on National Acute Spinal Cord Injury Study III (editorial). J Neurosurgery (Spine 3) 96:257-258, 2002

175. Benzel EC, Sridharan S, Krishnaney AA, Henwood A, Wilke WS: The Chiari Malformation and Fibromyalgia, Part I: Defining The Problem. ASAP Connections. March/April 2002

176. Benzel EC, Sridharan S, Krishnaney AA, Henwood A, Wilke WS: The Chiari Malformation and Fibromyalgia, Part II: Management. ASAP Connections. May/June 2002

177. Benzel EC: Guidelines for Management of Acute Cervical Spinal Injuries (comment). Neurosugery 50(3):S1-S199, 2002

178. Benzel EC: Relationship Between Severity of Lumbar Disc Disease and Disability Scores in Sciatica Patients (Comment). Neurosurgery 50(6):1253-1259, 2002

179. Benzel EC: Facet Fusion in the Lumbosacral Spine: A 2-Year Follow-up Study (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(1):88-95, 2002

180. Benzel EC: Efficacy of Prophylactic Antibiotic Therapy in Spinal Surgery: A META-Analysis (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(2):391-401, 2002

181. Benzel EC: Polylactic Acid Mesh Reconstruction of the Anterior Iliac Crest After Bone Harvesting Reduces Early Postoperative Pain After Anterior Cervical Fusion Surgery (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(2):413-416, 2002

182. Benzel EC: Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy for Treatment of Noncommunicating Syringomyelia Associated with a Chiari I Malformation and Hydrocephalus: Case Report and Pathophysiological Considerations (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(2):500-504, 2002

183. Benzel EC: Far Lateral Extraforaminal Lumbar Synovial Cyst: Report of Two Cases (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(2):505-508, 2002

184. Benzel EC: Spinal Epidural Abscess Successfully Treated with Percutaneous, Computed Tomography- Guided, Needle Aspiration and Parenteral Antibiotic Therapy: Case Report and Review of the Literature (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(2):509-512, 2002

185. Benzel EC: Treatment of Relevant Nerve Root Involved in Nerve Sheath Tumors: Removal or Preservation? (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(3):684-692, 2002

186. Benzel EC: Acute Foramen Magnum Syndrome Caused by an Acquired Chiari Malformation after Lumbar Drainage of Cerebrospinal Fluid: Report of Three Cases (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(3):823- 829, 2002

187. Benzel EC: Preliminary Clinical Experience with the Bryan Cervical Disc Prosthesis (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(3):840-847, 2002

188. Benzel EC: AMA Ethical Guidelines on Gifts to Physicians from Industry. SpineLine September/October 2002, pages 38-39

189. Benzel EC: Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(2):S2-iii-S2-xii, 2002

190. Benzel EC: Allograft Implants for Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Results Comparing Cylindrical Dowels and Impacted Wedges (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(5):1191-1198, 2002

191. Benzel EC: Spinal Cord Mapping as an Adjunct for Resection of Intramedullary Tumors: Surgical Technique with Case Illustrations (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(5):1199-1207, 2002

192. Benzel EC: Preliminary Experience Using a Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) Cage in the Treatment of Cervical Disc Disease (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(6):1343-1350, 2002

193. Benzel EC: Atlantoaxial Fixation Using Plate and Screw Method: A Report of 160 Treated Patients (Comment). Neurosurgery 51(6):1351-1357, 2002

194. Benzel EC: Pediatric spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA): The absence of occult instability and lack of indication for bracing (Point of View). Spine 27(24):2800, 2002

195. Benzel EC: Foreward to the book. In Haid RW, McLaughlin MR, Fessler RG eds Lumbar Interbody Fusion Techniques – Cages, Dowels, and Grafts. Quality Medical Publishing, page xii, 2003

196. Benzel EC: Quality of Life Assessment with the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 Amoung Patients with Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy (comment). Neurosurgery 52(1):113-121, 2003

197. Benzel EC: Palmar Hyperhidrosis: Intraoperative Monitoring with Laser Doppler Blood Flow as a Guide for Success after Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy (comment). Neurosurgery 52(1): 127- 131, 2003

198. Benzel EC: Surgical Management and Outcome of Tuberculous Atlantoaxial Dislocation: A 15-year Experience (comment). Neurosurgery 52(2):331-339, 2003

199. Benzel EC: Minimally Invasive Cervical Expansile Laminoplasty: An Initial Cadaveric Study (comment). Neurosurgery 52(2):370-373, 2003

200. Benzel EC: Minimally Invasive Lateral Mass Screws in the Treatment of Cervical Facet Dislocations: Technical Note (comment). Neurosurgery 52(2):444-448, 2003

201. Benzel EC: Midline Ventral Intradural Schwannoma of the Cervical Spinal Cord Resected via Anterior Corpectomy with Reconstruction Technical Case Report and Review of the Literature (comment) Neurosurgery 52(6):1482-1486, 2003

202. Benzel EC: The Devil is in the Details (editorial) Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine July 2003 Volume 99, Number 1, (1)

203. Benzel EC: Tumoral Calcium Pyrophosphate Dihydrate Deposition Disease of the Ligamentum Flavum (comment). Neurosurgery 53(1):103-109, 2003

204. Benzel EC: Cervical Cord Compression with Myelopathy Caused by Bilateral Persistence of the First Intersegmental Arteries: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 53(1):234-237, 2003

205. Benzel EC: Use of a Screw-Syringe Injector for Cement Delivery During Kyphoplasty: Technical Report (comment). Neurosurgery 53(2):380-383, 2003

206. Benzel EC: Disc interspace distraction: is it really necessary? (editorial). Journal Neurosurgery: Spine 99:141-142, 2003

207. Benzel EC, Brown CW: WSII: More than One Meeting – World Spine II Set to Stimulate Worldwide Spien Health, Aug 10-13. AANS Bulletin 12(2):43, Summer 2003

208. Benzel EC: Guest Editor Commentary. Techniques in Neurosurgery 2003 June;8(2):140.

209. Benzel EC: Spontaneous Resolution of Syringomyelia: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature (comment). Neurosurgery 53(3):762-768, 2003

210. Benzel EC: Acute Cervical Cord Injury Associated with Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament (comment). Neurosurgery 53(4):887-892, 2003

211. Benzel EC: Recurrent Spontaneous Spinal Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Associated with “Nude Nerve Root” Syndrome: Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 53(5):1216-1219, 2003

212. Benzel EC: Removal of an Anterior Spinal Dermoid Cyst with Fenestra Corpectomy in Klippel-Feil Syndrome: Technical Case Report (comment). Neurosurgery 53(5):1230-1233, 2003

213. Benzel EC: Treatment of Intramedullary Hemangioblastomas, with Special Attention to von Hippel- Lindau Disease (comment). Neurosurgery 53(6):1306-1314, 2003

214. Benzel EC: Paleopathological Features of the Cervical Spine in the Early Middle Ages: Natural History of Degenerative Diseases (comment). Neurosurgery 53(6):1418-1424, 2003

215. Benzel EC: Adjacent-level disease (Editorial) “Accelerated spondylotic changes adjacent to the fused segment following central cervical corpectomy: magnetc resonance imaging study evidence”. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine 100:1, 2004

216. Benzel EC: Endoscopic Transoral-Transclival Approach to the Brainstem and Surrounding Cisternal Space: Anatomic Study (comment). Neurosurgery 54(1):125-130, 2004

217. Benzel EC: Endoscopic Instrumented Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion with Healos and Recombinant Human Growth/Differentiation Factor-5 (comment). Neurosurgery 54(1):171-181, 2004

218. Benzel EC: Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Surgical Technique and Results in 24 Patients (comment). Neurosurgery 54(2):368-374, 2004

219. Benzel EC: Stabilization of Anterior Cervical Spine with Bioabsorable Polymer in One- and Two-Level Fusions (comment). Neurosurgery 54(3):631-635, 2004

220. Benzel EC: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Treatment of Failed Back Surgery Syndrome: An Outcome Analysis (comment). Neurosurgery 54(3):636-644, 2004

221. Benzel EC: Neurosurgery Resident Education – The Rules Have Changed. Neurosurgery News 5(4):7, Summer 2004

222. Benzel EC: Virtual Reality Neurosurgery: A Simulator Blueprint (comment). Neurosurgery 54(4):783- 789, 2004

223. Benzel EC: Microsurgical Repair of the Sural Nerve After Nerve Biopsy To Avoid Associated Sensory Morbidity: A Preliminary Report (comment). Neurosurgery 54(4):897-901, 2004

224. Benzel EC: Percutaneous Endoscopic Cellular Transplantation Into the Lower Lumbar Spinal Cord (comment). Neurosurgery 54(4):950-955, 2004

225. Benzel EC: The Anterior Surgical Approach to the Cervical Spine for Intervertebral Disc Disease (comment). Neurosurgery 54(5):1144-1149, 2004

226. Benzel EC: Thoracoscopic Placement of Dual-Rod Instrumentation in Thoracic Spine Trauma (comment). Neurosurgery 54(5):1150-1154, 2004

227. Benzel EC: Anterior Cervical Fusion Using Dense Cancellous Allografts and Dynamic Plating (comment). Neurosurgery 54(6):1405-1412, 2004

228. Benzel EC: Back Pain and Disability after Lumbar Laminectomy: Is There a Relationship to Muscle Retraction (comment)? Neurosurgery 54(6):1413-1420, 2004

229. Benzel EC: Management and Outcomes in 318 Operative Common Peroneal Nerve Lesions at the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center (comment). Neurosurgery 54(6):1421-1429, 2004

230. Benzel EC: Chiari I Malformation Associated with Ventral Compression and Instability: One-Stage Posterior Decompression and Fusion with a New Instrumentation Technique (comment). Neurosurgery 54(6):1430-1435, 2004

231. Benzel EC: Cadaveric Morphometric Analysis for Atlantal Lateral Mass Screw Placement (comment). Neurosurgery 54(6):1436-1440, 2004

232. Benzel EC: The Unique Characteristics of “Upper” Lumbar Disc Herniations (comment). Neurosurgery 55(2):385-389, 2004

233. Benzel EC: Correlation Between Withdrawal Symptoms and Medication Pump Residual Volume in Patients with Implantable SynchroMed Pumps (comment). Neurosurgery 55(2):390-394, 2004

234. Benzel EC: The Accessory Atlantoaxial Ligament (comment). Neurosurgery 55(2):400-403, 2004

235. Benzel EC: Gilliatt-Sumner Hand Revisited: A 25-Year Experience (comment). Neurosurgery 55(2):883-890, 2004

236. Benzel EC: Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (comment). Neurosurgery 55(2):897-903, 2004

237. Errico TJ, Gatchel RJ, Schofferman J, Benzel EC, Faciszewski T, Eskay-Auerbach M, Wang JC: A fair and balanced view of spine fusion surgery (editorial). The Spine Journal 4:129S-142S, 2004

238. Benzel EC: The Triangle of the Ventebral Artery (comment). Operative Neurosurgery 56(2):ONS252- 255, 2005

239. Benzel EC: Assessment of the Learning Curve for Lumbar Microendoscopic Disectomy (comment). Neurosurgery 56(4):755-762, 2005

240. Benzel EC: Erythropoietin and Erythropoietin Receptor Expression after Experimental Spinal Cord Injury Encourages Therapy by Exogenous Erythropoietin (comment). Neurosurgery 56(4):821-827, 2005

241. Benzel EC: Changes in Transcranial Motor Evoked Potentials During Intramedullary Spinal Cord Tumor Resection Correlate with Postoperative Motor Function (comment). Neurosurgery 56(5):982-993, 2005

242. Benzel EC: Functional Outcome after Central Corpectomy in Poor-grade Patients with Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy or Ossified Posterior Longitudinal Ligament (comment). Neurosurgery 56(6):1279-1285, 2005

243. Benzel EC: Interview with Edward C. Benzel, MD - His point of view regarding fusion as a neurosurgeon and, in a bit more detail, also about the controversy regarding fusioin in the US. Argos SpineNews N°11:30-31, April 2005

244. Year Book of Neurology and Neurosurgery, 2005. Gibbs SR, Verma A (editors); numerous associate editors, Benzel EC, Luciano MG, Rasmussen PA, representing CCF. Open Reduction of Pediatric Atlantoaxial Rotatory Fixation: Long-term outcome study with functional measurements (comment, Benzel) Elsevier Mosby, Philadelphia, PA. 293-294, 2005

245. Benzel EC: Developing a Neurosurgery Resident Competency Assessment Program. Neuroscience Pathways, Fall 2005, pages 6-7

246. Benzel EC: Chairman’s Column – Spinal Column, Cleveland Clinic Spine Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Summer 2005

247. Benzel EC, Wefers MH, Eskay-Auerbach M: New Technology – Efficacy, Cost-effectiveness, and Affordability (invited review). SpineLine May/June 2005, pages 8-12

248. Benzel EC: Reconstruction of Anterior Iliac Crest after Bone Graft Harvest Decreases Pain: A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial (comment). Neurosurgery 57(3):526-529, 2005

249. Benzel EC: The Mini-Open Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (comment). Neurosurgery 57(4):ONS256-261, 2005

250. Benzel EC: Anterolateral Approach to the V2 Segment of the Vertebral Artery (comment). Neurosurgery 57(4):ONS262-267, 2005

251. Benzel EC: Artifical Pedicle Screw Reconstruction of the Cervical Spine After Lateral Paramedian Transpedicular Approach for Lesions of the Ventral Cervical Spinal Canal (comment). Neurosurgery 57(4):ONS281-285, 2005

252. Benzel EC: Techniques for Aspirating Bone Marrow for use in Spinal Surgery (comment). Neurosurgery 57(4):286-289, 2005

253. Benzel EC: Technical Improvements and Results of Open-Door Expansive Laminoplasty with Hydroxyapatite Implants for Cervical Myelopathy (comment). Neurosurgery 57(4):348-356, 2005

254. Benzel EC: Toward the Emergence of Nanoneurosurgery: Part I – Progress in Nanoscience, Nanotechnology, and the Comprehension of Events in the Mesoscale Realm (comment). Neurosurgery 57(4):606-634, 2005

255. Benzel EC: Microscale Surgery on Single Axons (comment). Neurosurgery 57(4):635-646, 2005

256. Benzel EC: National Trends in Surgical Procedures for Degenerative Cervial Spine Disease: 1990- 2000 (comment). Neurosurgery 57(4):753-758, 2005

257. Benzel EC: Clinical Significance of Heterotopic Ossification in Cervical Disc Replacement: A Prospective Multicenter Clinical Trial (comment). Neurosurgery 57(4):759-763, 2005

258. Benzel EC: The Effect of Early Isolated Lumbar Extension Exercise Program for Patients with Herniated Disc Undergoing Lumbar Discectomy (comment). Neurosurgery 57(4):764-772, 2005

259. Benzel EC: An Interview with Dr. Edward Benzel. www.HealthpointCapital.com. October 2005

260. Benzel EC: Foreward to the book. In Heary RF eds Spinal Deformities, The Essentials. Thieme, New York, 2005

261. Benzel EC, Boden SD, Herkowitz HN, Hilibrand AS, Kalfas IH, Kim DH, Lauryssen C, Maxwell JH, Perez-Cruet MJ: Roundtable discussion with the experts. In Wang MY, Albert TJ eds Roundtables in Spine Surgery – Current Controversies in Cervical Spine Surgery. Quality Medical Publishing, 84 pages, 2005

262. Modic M, Obuchowski N, Ross JS, Brant-Zawadzki M, Grooff PN, Mazanec DJ, Benzel EC: Acute Low Back Pain and Radiculopathy: MR Imaging Findings and Their Prognostic Role and Effect on Outcome. Radiology 237(2):597-604, 2005

263. Benzel EC: Spinal Neurenteric Cysts in the Magnetic Resonance Imaging Era (comment). Neurosurgery 58(1):97-105, 2006

264. Benzel EC: Current Treatment Strategies and Outcomes in the Management of Symptomatic Vertebral Hemangiomas (comment). Neurosurgery 58(2):287-295, 2006

265. Benzel EC: Antero-Lateral Approach to the V3 Segment of the Vertebral Artery (comment). Operative Neurosurgery 58(1):ONS-29-35, 2006

266. Benzel EC: Microsurgical Cervical Nerve Root Decompression by Anterolateral Approach (comment). Operative Neurosurgery 58(1):ONS-108-113, 2006

267. Benzel EC: Subsidence of Stand-Alone Cervical Carbon Fiber Cages (comment). Neurosurgery 58(3):502-508, 2006

268. Benzel EC: Biomechanical Comparison of Four C1 to C2 Rigid Fixative Techniques: Anterior Transarticular, Posterior Transarticular, C1 to C2 Pedicle, and C1 to C2 Intralaminar Screws (comment). Neurosurgery 58(3):516-521, 2006

269. Benzel EC: Augmentation of Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Anterior Pedicle Screw Fixation: Demonstration of Novel Constructs and Evaluation of Biomechanical Stability in Cadaveric Specimens (comment). Neurosurgery 58(3):522-527, 2006

270. Benzel EC: Single-Stage Thoracolumbar Vertebrectomy with Circumferential Reconstruction and Arthrodesis: Surgical Technique and Results in 15 Patients (comment). Operative Neurosurgery 58(2):ONS-263-269, 2006

271. Benzel EC: Efficacy of Postural Reduction in Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures Followed by Percutaneous Vertebroplasty (comment). Neurosurgery 58(4):695-700, 2006

Articles Written by Edward C. Benzel, MD

Common Spinal Cord Injury Questions

Does a spinal cord injury always cause paralysis? Does the cord have to be severed to be considered a true SCI? Does a broken neck automatically mean an SCI? Find answers to these and other common spinal cord injury questions.

Anatomy of a Spinal Cord Injury

Article walks you through the anatomy of the spinal cord and the body's nerve system. Good place to start if you want to understand how a spinal cord injury (SCI) affects the body. Includes drawings of the spinal canal and the spinal nerve system.

Spinal Cord Injury: Glossary

Glossary defining terms related to spinal cord injury.

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI): Damage Control and Treatment

Each patient's inury is unique. Treatment begins with the emergency medical personnel who make an initial evaluation and immobilize the patient for transport.

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI): Aftermath and Diagnosis

The spinal cord does not have to be severed to cause paraylsis. Even bruising the spinal cord can cause symptoms.

Spinal Bracing: A Treatment Option for Spinal Cord Injury

After a spinal cord injury (SCI), you may have to wear a brace. The type of brace depends on your injury, where it's located, and the severity of your symptoms. Read about the most commonly used braces for SCI, including halo rings.

Surgery for Spinal Cord Injury

The surgeon will make the best recommendation about surgery following a spinal cord injury (SCI). That includes the type of surgery used and when it will be done. Surgery performed after an SCI may include a decompression and fusion.

Spinal Cord Injury Glossary

Complete list of words you have to know related to spinal cord injury (SCI). Quick definitions to help you understand the most common SCI terms.

Causes of a Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal cord injuries (SCI) can be caused by trauma: car accidents and diving accidents, for example. It can also be caused by various conditions, including arachnoiditis and spondylosis. Article covers common and uncommon SCI causes.

Symptoms of a Spinal Cord Injury

The symptoms of spinal cord injury (SCI) vary from case to case, depending on the cause and location of the SCI. Symptoms range from pain to paralysis.

Exams and Tests for Spinal Cord Injury

It can be easy to identify a spinal cord injury, but it can be hard to identify the extent of the injury right after it happens. Doctors use various scales to assess the SCI, including the ASIA Impairment Scale.

Drugs and Medications for Spinal Cord Injury

Drugs and medications may be used to treat spinal cord injury. Different medications are used for the primary injury and for the secondary conditions that can develop. What you're prescribed depends on your symptoms and specific injury.

Rehabilitation after Spinal Cord Injury

After a spinal cord injury (SCI), you may need to go through rehabilitation to learn how to face various physical, occupational, and emotional challenges.

What's the Difference Between Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis?

Patients connect rheumatoid arthritis with osteoarthritis because the conditions both have arthritis in their name. Arthritis is a term that encompasses many disorders. RA and osteoarthritis both fall under that term, but they are very different.

Articles Reviewed by Edward C. Benzel, MD

Drugs Used to Treat Pain: Opioids - Narcotics

Although the terminology is not precisely correct, pain-relieving opioids are often called narcotics, and they may be prescribed to treat many types of pain.

Lumbar Herniated Disc

A common cause of lower back and leg pain is a lumbar ruptured disc or herniated disc. Symptoms of a herniated disc may include dull or sharp pain, muscle spasm or cramping, sciatica, and leg weakness or loss of leg function.

Kyphoplasty, Vertebroplasty, Vertebral Augmentation Implant: Treatments for Spinal Compression Fractures

Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty help to relieve the pain associated with osteoporotic compression fractures.These procedures relieve pain, and reduce and stabilize fractures.

Epidural Steroid Injections: Are They Useful?

Steroid injections into the lumbar epidural space are frequently used for low back and related radicular leg pains. The question is do they work? A prominent pain management specialist answers that question.

Recovering from Surgery

An occupational therapist will work with you and address any concerns of how to perform bathing, dressing, toileting, cooking, or light chores safely and independently at home.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgical (OR) Setup and Equipment

View the set up of equipment in the operating room for an anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Discectomy

An excellent description of the exposure and discectomy performed as a part of the anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Pre-op Planning

In this multi-part article, the author discusses a surgical technique for anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgical Results

A review of the patients who underwent anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis, the complications and conclusions.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgical Compression and Closure

Compression and closure discussion and photos of an anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Rod Measurement and Placement

An excellent description of the exposure and discectomy performed as a part of the anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Surgical Screw Placement

Description with excellent images of screw placement in an anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Idiopathic Scoliosis: Graft Harvest for Fusion

The graft harvest stage of an anterior thoracoscopic correction of idiopathic scoliosis.

Robotics and Computers in Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Meet Aesop and Hermes and learn how the use of robotics and computers in minimally invasive spine surgery has resulted in more accurate surgical procedures, shortened operative time, and fewer complications.

Lower Back Pain Treatments

Lower back pain treatments overview from a spine specialist: medications, physical therapy, and spine surgery. What will help with your low back pain?

Financial Disclosures

SpineUniverse, a Vertical Health, LLC website, is committed to ensuring that the medical information it presents is accurate, balanced, objective, and trustworthy. 

To help achieve this goal, SpineUniverse requires all authors, editors, and reviewers to disclose any financial relationships or affiliations they have with companies whose products or services may be mentioned in the content they author, edit, or review.

The intent of this policy is to identify any perceived, potential, or real conflicts of interest so that readers can make their own judgments about the value of information being presented.

Author's Statement

I, or an immediate family member, have a financial interest(s) or affiliation(s) with the following commercial companies whose products and / or services may be mentioned in the materials I have authored, edited or reviewed for presentation on Vertical Health, LLC’s websites.

Disclosed Relationships

Grants/Research Support
Stryker, DePuy, Abbott
Consultant
DePuy, OrthoMEMS, AxioMed, Abbott
Stock/Shareholder
OrthoMEMS, AxioMed, Spine Universe
Speakers' Bureau
DePuy, Medtronic
Other Financial or Material Support
OrthoMEMS, AxioMed
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