Todd Albert, MD's portrait
Todd Albert, MD
Surgeon-In-Chief and Medical Director and Korein-Wilson Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
Hospital for Special Surgery
New York, NY
Dr. Albert is a member of the SpineUniverse Editorial Board.

About Todd Albert, MD

Dr. Todd Albert is the Surgeon-In-Chief and Medical Director, and Korein-Wilson Professor of Orthopedic Surgery at the Hospital for Special Surgery.  His practice specializes in the treatment of cervical spine disorders with expertise in cervical deformity, cervical spinal stenosis, and cervical herniated discs. Dr. Albert is interested in minimally invasive surgical techniques and image-guided technologies in the treatment of spinal disorders.

Dr. Albert interned at Pennsylvania Hospital. During his residency at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Orthopaedic Surgery, Dr. Albert was recognized as the Outstanding Chief Resident. His fellowship was at Minnesota Spine Center in Spinal Surgery. He was awarded the John J. Fahey Orthopaedic Association Memorial North American Traveling Fellowship.

Dr. Albert is a member of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery, American Medical Association, Cervical Spine Research Society, Scoliosis Research Society, North American Spine Society, American Spinal Injury Association, and the International Society for Study of the Lumbar Spine.

Dr. Albert has written four books, contributed more than 40 book chapters and published 200 peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed articles. He has received an outstanding paper award from the North American Spine Society and from the Cervical Spine Research Society. Dr. Albert is a guest editor for several academic journals. In addition, Dr. Albert frequently gives presentations at professional meetings. His commitment to education also extends to training residents; he has been recognized with the John J. Gartland Award for Resident Education.

Publications

Peer-Reviewed Publications
1. Dempesy CW, Albert TJ, Schlein AE: Changed turnover of monoamines in limbic nuclei in response to stimulation and lesion of the anterior vermal cortex of the cerebellum: Studies in cat and rat. Int J Neurol 1984; 18:94-104. 

2. Albert TJ, Dempesy CW, Sorenson CW: Anterior cerebellar vermal stimulation: Effect on behavior and basal forebrain neurochemistry in rat. Biol Psychol 1985; 20:1267-1276.

3. Wang GW, Moskal JT, Albert TJ, et al: The effect of halovest length on stability of the cervical spine: A study in normal subjects. J Bone Joint Surg 1988; 10A:357.

4. Albert TJ, Levine MJ, Cotler JM, Balderston RA: Gastrointestinal complications of spinal cord injury. Spine 1991; 16(10 Suppl):522-525.

5. Albert TJ, Levine MJ, An HS, Cotler JM, Balderston RA: Concomitant noncontiguous thoracolumbar and sacral fractures. Spine 1993; 18:1285-1291.

6. Albert TJ, Wapner KL: Fractures of the first metatarsal after first metatarsophalangeal fusion: A complication of Steinman pin fixation. Foot Ankle 1993; 14:107-110.

7. Wapner KL, Vaccaro A, Albert TJ, Mandel M, Dolinskas CN, Bruno LA, Hume EL: The results of chemonucleolysis as a function of three dimensional volumetric analysis of disc herniation. J Spinal Disord 1993; 6:324-332.

8. Albert TJ, Balderston RA, Heller JG, Tomany K, An HS, Herkowitz HN, Garfin SR, Simeone FA: Upper lumbar disc herniations. J Spinal Disord 1993; 6:351-359.

9. Albert TJ, Desai D, McIntosh TM, Lamb D, Balderston RA: Early versus delayed replacement of autologous blood in elective spinal surgery: A randomized prospective trial. Spine 1993; 18:1071-1078.

10. Albert TJ, Lamb D, Piazza MR, Flanders AE, Balderston RA, Cotler JM: MRI evaluation of fusion mass incorporation after anterior cervical fusions: Preliminary findings. Int J Paraplegia 1993; 31:667-674.

11. Frieman BG, Albert TJ, Fenlin JM: Rotator cuff disease: A review of diagnoses, pathophysiology, and current trends in treatment. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1994; 75:604-609.

12. Albert TJ, Purtill J, Mesa JJ, McIntosh TC, Balderston RA: Health outcome assessment before and after adult deformity surgery: A prospective study. Spine 1995; 20:2002-2005.

13. Albert TJ, Mesa JJ, Eng K, McIntosh TC, Balderston RA: Health outcome assessment before and after lumbar laminectomy for radiculopathy. Spine 1996; 21:960-963.

14. Heary RF, Albert TJ, Ludwig SC, Vaccaro AR, Leddy TP, Schmidt RR: Surgical anatomy of the vertebral arteries. Spine 1996; 21:2074-2080.

15. Wetzler MJ, Akapata T, Albert TJ, Foters TE, Levy AS: A retrospective study of cervical spine injuries in American rugby: 1970-1994. Am J Sports Med 1996; 24:455-458.

16. Levine MJ, Albert TJ, Smith MD: Cervical radiculopathy: Diagnosis and non-operative management: A comprehensive review. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 1996; 4:305-316.

17. Giacobetti FB, Vaccaro AR, Bos-Giacobetti MA, Deeley DM, Albert TJ, Farmer JC, Cotler JM: Vertebral artery occlusion associated with cervical spine trauma: A prospective analysis. Spine 1997; 22:188-192.

18. Heary RF, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR, Mesa JJ, Northrup B, Balderston RA, Cotler JM: Steroids and gunshot wounds to the spine. Neurosurgery 1997; 41:576-583.

19. Albert TJ, Smith MD, Bressler E, Johnson LJ: An in vivo analysis of the dimensional changes of the neuroforamen after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion: A radiologic investigation. J Spinal Disord 1997; 10:229-233.

20. Abraham DJ, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Cotler JM: Gas in the spinal canal associated with injury of the cervical spinal cord: A diagnostic dilemma. A case report. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1997; 79:591-593.

21. Hozack WJ, Rothman RH, Albert TJ, Balderston RA, Eng K: Relationship of total hip replacement outcome to other orthopaedic procedures. Clin Orthop 1997; 344:88-93.

22. Albert TJ, Klein GR, Jaffe DN, Vaccaro AR: Use of cervicothoracic junction pedicle screws for reconstruction of complex cervical spine pathology. Spine 1998; 23:1596-1599.

23. Rosenfeld JF, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Klein GR, Cotler JM: The benefit of early decompression in cervical spinal cord injury. Am J Orthop 1998; 27:23-28.

24. Vaccaro AR, Klein GR, Flanders AE, Albert TJ, Balderston RA, Cotler JM: Long-term evaluation of vertebral artery injuries following cervical spinal trauma using magnetic resonance angiography. Spine 1998; 23:789-795.

25. Rushton S, Klein G, Vaccaro AR, Mandel S, Albert TJ: Evaluation of neck pain. J Disability 1998; 7:33-50.

26. Balderston RA, Albert TJ, McIntosh T, Wong L, Dolinskas C: MRI analysis of lumbar disc changes below scoliosis fusions: A prospective study. Spine 1998; 23:54-58.

27. Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR: Postlaminectomy kyphosis. Spine 1998; 23:2738-2745.

28. Farmer J, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Malone S, Balderston RA, Cotler JM: Neurologic deterioration after cervical spinal cord injury. J Spinal Disord 1998; 11:192-196.

29. Albert TJ, Pinto M, Smith MD, Balderston RA, Cotler JM, Park CH: Accuracy of SPECT scanning in diagnosing pseudarthrosis: A prospective study. J Spinal Disord 1998; 11:197-199.

30. Farmer JC, Albert TJ, Balderston RA, Vaccaro AR: Foraminal pressure changes during intervertebral distraction simulating anterior cervical discectomy. J Spinal Disord 1998; 11:307-311.

31. Vanichkachorn JS, Vaccaro AR, Silveri CP, Albert TJ: Anterior junctional plate in the cervical spine. Spine 1998; 23:2462-2467.

32. Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR: Post-laminectomy kyphosis. Spine 1998; 23:2738-2744.

33. Farmer, JC, Vaccaro AR, Baldeston RA, Albert TJ, Cotler, JM: The changing nature of admissions to a spinal cord injury center: Violence on the rise. J Spinal Disord 1998; 11:400-403.

34. Rushton SA, Albert TJ: Cervical degenerative disease: Rationale for selecting the appropriate fusion technique (anterior, posterior, and 360 degree). Orthop Clin North Am 1998; 29:755-777.

35. Glaser JA, Jaworski BA, Cuddy BG, Albert TJ, Hollowell JP, McLain RF, Bozzette SA: Variation in surgical opinion regarding management of selected cervical spine injuries: A preliminary study. Spine 1998; 23:972-982.

36. Klein GR, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Schweitzer M, Deely D, Karasick D, Cotler J: Efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of posterior cervical spine fractures. Spine 1999; 24:771-774.

37. Albert TJ, Klein GR, Vaccaro AR: Image-guided anterior cervical corpectomy: A feasibility study. Spine 1999; 24:826-830.

38. Ludwig SC, Kramer DL, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Transpedicle screw fixation of the cervical spine. Clin Orthop 1999; 359:77-88.

39. Klein GR, Ludwig SC, Vaccaro AR, Rusthon SA, Lazar RD, Albert TJ: The efficacy of using an image-guided Kerrison punch in performing an anterior cervical foraminotomy. Spine 1999; 24:1358-1362.

40. Albert TJ, Murrell SE: Surgical management of cervical radiculopathy. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 1999; 7:36.

41. Herkowitz HN, Abraham DJ, Albert TJ: Management of degenerative disc disease above an L5-S1 segment requiring arthrodesis. Spine 1999; 24:1268-1270.

42. Ludwig SC, Kramer DL, Balderston RA, Vaccaro AR, Foley, KF, Albert TJ: Placement of pedicle screws in the human cadaveric cervical spine: Comparative accuracy of three techniques. Spine 2000; 25:1655-1667.

43. Ball TS, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Cotler JM: Injuries of the thoracolumbar spine associated with restraint use in head-on motor vehicle accidents. J Spinal Disord 2000; 13:297-304.

44. Zlotolow DA, Vaccaro AR, Salamon ML, Albert TJ: Perspectives on modern orthopaedics: The role of human bone morphogenetic proteins in spinal fusion. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2000; 8:3-9.

45. Sharan AD, Vaccaro AR, Przybylski GJ, Albert TJ: Internet resources for spine surgeons. J Spinal Disord 2000; 13:419-421.

46. Klein G, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Health outcome assessment before and after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for radiculopathy: A prospective analysis. Spine 2000; 25:801-803.

47. Vaccaro AR, Conant RF, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ: A plate-rod device for treatment of cervicothoracic disorders: Comparison of mechanical testing with established cervical spine in vitro load testing data. J Spinal Disord 2000; 13:350-355.

48. Klein GR, Vaccaro AR, Cwik, J, Seitchik, S, Viscusi, ER, Albert, TJ: Efficacy of cervical epidural steroids in the treatment of cervical spine disorders. Am J Anesthesiol 2000; 9:547-550.

49. Albert TJ, Pinto M, Denis F: Management of symptomatic lumbar pseudarthrosis with anteroposterior fusion: A functional and radiographic outcome study. Spine 2000; 25:123-129.

50. Taylor BA, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Zlotolow, DA, Albert TJ: The risk of foraminal violation and nerve root impingement after anterior placement of lumbar interbody fusion cages. Spine 2001; 26:100-104.

51. Caterson EJ, Nesti LJ, Albert T et. al.: Application of mesenchymal stem cells in the regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues. Med General Med 2001; v.03, n01. Available at http://www.medscape.com.

52. Harris B, Hilibrand A, Nien Y, Nachwalter R, Vaccaro A, Albert T, Siegler S: A Comparison of Three Screw Types for Unicortical Fixation in the Lateral Mass of the Cervical Spine. Spine 2001 26:2427-2431.

53. Caterson EJ, Nesti LJ, Albert T, Vaccaro A, Danielson K, Tuan RS: Three-dimensional cartilage formation by bone marrow-derived cells seedind in polyactide/alginate amalgam. J. Biomed Mater Res 2001; In Press.

54. Vaccaro AR, Klein GR, Thaller JB, Rushton SA, Cotler JM, Albert T: Distraction Extension Injuries of the Cervical Spine. J Spinal Disorders 2001; v14, n3:193-200.

55. Vaccaro AR, Madigan L, Schweitzer ME, Flanders AE, Hilibrand AS, Albert T: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Analysis of Soft Tissue Disruption After Flexion-Distraction Injuries of the Subaxial Cervical Spine. Spine 2001; v26, n17:1866-1872.

56. Anderson DG, Wierzbowski LR, Schwartz DM, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Pedicle Screws with High Electrical Resistance: A Potential Source of Error During Stimulus-Evoked EMG. Spine 2002; 27:1577-1581.

57. Anderson DG, Izzo MW, Hall DJ, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Arnold W, Tuan RS, Albert TJ: Comparative Gene Expression Profiling of Normal and Degenerative Discs: Analysis of a Rabbit Annular Laceration Model. Spine 2002; 27:1291-1296.

58. Vaccaro AR, Venger BH, Kelleher PM, Singh K, Carrino JA, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS: Use of a Bioabsorbable Anterior Cervical Plate in the Treatment of Cervical Degenerative and Traumatic Disk Disruption. Orthopedics 2002; 25:1191-1999/Supplement.

59. Fan D, Schwartz DM, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ: Intraoperative Neurophysiological Detection of Iatrogenic C5 Nerve Root Injury During Laminectomy for Cervical Compression Myelopathy. Spine 2002; 27:2499-2502.

60. Austin MS, Vaccaro AR, Brislin B, Nachwalter R, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ: A Cadaver Study Comparing Conventional Open Laminoforaminotomy and Two Image-Guided Techniques for Pedicle Screw Placement in Posterolateral Fusion and Nonfusion Models. Spine 2002; 27:2503-2508.

61. Banco SP, Vaccaro AR, Blam O, Eck JC, Cotler JM, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ, Murphy S: Spinal infections: Variations in incidence during the academic year. Spine 27(9): 962-965, 2002.

62. St. John TA, Vaccaro AR, Sah AP, Schaefer M, Berta SC, Albert T, Hilibrand A: Physical and Monetary Costs Associated with Autogenous Bone Grafting Harvesting. Am J Ortho 2003; XXXII:18-23.

63. Silber JS, Anderson DG, Daffner SD, Brislin BT, Leland JM, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Donor Site Morbidity After Anterior Iliac Crest Bone Harvest for Single-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. Spine 2003; 28:134-139.

64. Blam OG, Vaccaro AR, Vanichkachorn JS, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS, Minnich JM, Murphey SA: Risk Factors for Surgical Site Infection in the Patient With Spinal Injury. Spine 2003; 28:1475-1480.

65. Vaccaro AR, Patel T, Fischgrund J, AndersonDG, Truumees E, Herkowitz H, Phillips F, Hilibrand A, Albert TJ. A pilot safety and efficacy study of OP-1 putty (rhBMP-7) as an adjunct to iliac crest autograft in posterolateral lumbar fusions. European Spine Journal 2003; 12(5):495-500.

66. Daffner SD, Hillibrand AS, Hanscom BS, Brislin BT, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ. Impact of neck and arm pain on overall health status. Spine 2003; 28(17): 2030-2035.

67. Kim DH. Silber JS. Albert TJ. Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. [Review] [78 refs] Instructional Course Lectures 2003; 52:541-50.

68. Kwon BK Berta S, Daffner SD, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Grauer JN, Beiner J, Albert TJ. Radiographic analysis of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of adult isthmic spondylolisthesis. Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques 16(5): 469- 476, 2003.

69. Risbud M, Izzo MW, Adams CS, Arnold WW, Hilibrand AS, Vresilovic EJ, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Shapiro IM. An organ culture system for the study of the nucleus pulposus: Description of the system and evaluation of the cells. Spine 28(24):2652-2659, 2003.

70. Harris BM,. Hilibrand AS, Savas PE, Pellegrino A, Vaccaro AR, Siegler S, and Albert TJ. Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: The Effect of Various Instrumentation Techniques on the Flexibility of the Lumbar Spine. On-Line article, Spine 2004; 29(4):E65-E70.

71. Grauer JN, Vaccaro AR, Beiner JM, Kwon BK, Hilibrand AS, Harrop JS, Anderson G, Hurlbert J, Fehlings MG, Ludwig SC, Hedlund R, Albert TJ, Arnold PM, Bono CM, Brodke DS, Dvorak MF, Fisher CG, Sledge JB, Schaffrey CI, Schwartz DG, Sears WR, Dickman C, Sharan A, Rechtine GR. Similarities and differences in the treatment of spine trauma between surgical specialties and location of practice. Spine 29(6):685-696, 2004.

72. Hilibrand AS, Schwartz DM, Sethuraman V, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ. Comparison of transcranial electric motor and somatosensory evoked potential monitoring during cervical spine surgery. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (Am), 2004; 86-A(6):1248-53.

73. Kwon BK, Song F, MorrisonWB, Grauer JN, Beiner JM, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ. Morphologic evaluation of cervical spine anatomy with computed tomography:Anterior cervical plate fixation considerations. Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques 17(2):102-107, 2004.

74. Vaccaro AR. Robbins MM. Madigan L. Albert TJ. Smith W. Hilibrand AS. Early findings in a pilot study of anterior cervical fusion in which bioabsorbable interbody spacers were used in the treatment of cervical degenerative disease. Neurosurgical Focus 2004; 16(3):E7.

75. Grauer JN, Vaccaro AR, Masahiro K, Kwon BK, Beiner JM, Patel TC, Hilibrand AS, Kazuhiro C, Albert TJ. Development of a New Zealand White Rabbit Model of Spinal Pseudarthrosis Repair and Evaluation of the Potential Role of OP-1 to Overcome Pseudarthrosis, Spine Volume 29, 1405-12, July 1, 2004.

76. Serhan H, Albert TJ. Is Galvanic Corrosion Between Titanium Alloy & Stainless Steel Spinal Implants a Clinical Concern? Spine Journal Vol 4/4 pp 379-387.

77. Vaccaro AR, Tusher P, Fischgrund J, Anderson G, Truumees E, Herkowitz HN, Phillips F, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ, Wetzel T, McCulloch JA. A Pilot Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of OP-1 Putty (rhBMP-7) as a Replacement for Iliac Crest Autograft in Posterolateral Lumbar Arthrodesis for Degenerative Spondylolisthesis. Spine 2004; 29(17): 1885-1892.

78. Singh, K, Vaccarro, A.R, Albert, T.J. Impact of Disc Arthroplasty on Surgeon Practices, The Spine Journal, Vol 4 (6S), Nov/Dec 2004, 195-201.

79. Albert, T.J. Goals of Cervical Disc Replacement, The Spine Journal, Vol 4(6S), 292- 293.

80. Risbud, M, J Albert, T.J, Shapiro, I.R, Stem Cells Regeneration of the Nucleus Pulposus, The Spine Journal, Vol 4 (6S), 348-353.

81. Grauer JN, Vaccaro AR, Brusovanik G, Girardi FP, Silveri CP, Camissa FP, Kwon BK, Beiner JM, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS, Scuderi GJ. Evaluation of a novel pedicle probe for the placement of thoracic and lumbosacral pedicle screws. Accepted for publication J Spinal Disord and Tech 2003.

82. Taylor BA, Casas-Ganem J, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Hanscom BS, Albert TA. Differences in the Work-Up and Treatment of Conditions Associated With Low Back Pain by Patient Gender and Ethnic Background. Spine. Volume 30, Pages 359-364, February 1, 2005.

83. Kwon BK, Hilibrand AS, Malloy K, Savas P, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR: A Critical Analysis of the Literature Regarding Surgical Approach and Outcome for Adult Low-Grade Isthmic Spondylolisthesis. Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques, Volume 18, S30-S40, February, 2005.

84. Instructional Course Lectures - The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Yuan PS, Albert TJ. Nonsurgical and Surgical Management of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis. The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, Volume 86-A - Number 10 - October 2004.

85. Risbud MV, Albert TJ, Guttapalli A, Vresilovic EJ, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Shapiro IM. Differentiation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Towards a Nucleus Pulposus-like Phenotype In Vitro: Implications for Cell-Based Transplantation Therapy. Spine. Volume 29, Number 23, Pages 2627-2632, December 1, 2004.

86. Mardjetko S, Albert TJ, Andersson G, Bridwell K, DeWald C, Gaines R, Geck M, Hammerberg K, Herkowitz H, Kwon B, Labelle H, Lubicky J, McAfee P, Ogilvie J, Shufflebarger H, Whitesides T: Spine/SRS Spondylolisthesis Summary Statement: Spine Volume 30, Number 6S, Pg S3, March 15, 2005.

87. Kwon Bk, Albert TJ: Adult Low-Grade Acquired Spondylolytic Spondylolisthesis Evaluation and Management. Spine Volume 30, Number 6S, Pg S35, March 15, 2005.

88. Grauer JN, Bilal S, Hilibrand AS, Harrop JS, Kwon BK, Beiner JM, Albert TJ, Fehlings MG, Vaccaro AR: Proposal of a Modified Treatment-Oriented Classification of Odontoid Fractures. The Spine Journal Volume 5, Number 2, Pgs. 123-129, March/April 2005.

89. Risbud MV, Fertala J, Vresilovic EJ, Albert TJ, Shapiro IM: Nucleus Pulposus Upregulate P13K/Akt and MEK/ERK signaling Pathways Under Hypoxic Conditions and Resist Apoptosis Induced by Serum Withdrawal. Spine Volume 30, Number 8, Pgs. 882-889, April 15, 2005.

90. Vaccaro AR, Patel T, Fischgrund J, Anderson G, Truumees E, Herkowitz HN, Phillips F, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ, Wetzel T, McCullough JA: Comparison of OP-1 Putty (rhBMP-7) to iliac rest autograph for posterolateral arthrodesis: a minimum 2 year follow up pilot study. Spine 2005.

91. Riley, III LH, Skolasky RL, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR, Heller JG: Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Decompression and Fusion: Prevalence and Risk Factors From a Longitudinal Cohort Study. Spine in press.

92. Shah RV, Albert TJ, Bruegel-Sanchez V, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Grauer JN: Industry Support and Correlation to Study Outcome for Papers Published in Spine. Spine 2005 Volume 30, Number 9, Pgs. 1099-1104, May 1, 2005.

93. Albert TJ, Kim DH: Timing of Surgical Stabilization After Cervical and Thoracic Trauma. Journal of Neurosurgery Pgs. 182-190, September 2005.

94. Harrop JS, Sharan A, Anderson G, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ, Flanders A, Vaccaro AR: Failure of Standard Imaging to Detect a Cervical Fracture in a Patient With Ankylosing Spondylitis. Spine Volume 30, Number 14, Pgs. E417-E419, 2005.

95. Albert TJ: Introduction. Spine Volume 30, Number 17S, Supplement to September 1, 2005.

96. Anderson DG, Albert TJ, Fraser JK, Risbud M, Wuisman P, Meisel HJ, Tannoury C, Shapiro I, Vaccaro AR: Cellular Therapy for Disc Degeneration. Spine Volume Number 17S, Supplement to September 1, 2005.

97. Pahl MA, Brislin B, Boden S, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Hanscom B, Albert TJ: The Impact of Four Common Lumbar Spine Diagnoses Upon Overall Health Status. The Spine Journal 2005. In press.

98. Lee JY, Zeiller S, Voltaggio L, Lim MR, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Anderson DG, Albert TJ. Histological Anaylsis of a Displaced Femoral Ring Allograft Spacer Filled With a Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2-Soaked Collagen Sponge. The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery Volume 87-A, No. 10, Pages 2318-2322, October 2005.

99. Lee JY, Lim MR, Albert TJ. Inadequate Decompression Following Anterior Cervical Surgery: Surgical Treatment Options. Current Opinions in Orthopaedics Pages 189-193, 2005, 16.

100. Skolasky RL, Maggard A, Hilibrand AS, Northrup BE, Ullrich CG, Albert TJ, Coe JD, Riley LH III: Agreement between surgeons and an independent panel with respect to surgical site fusion after single-level anterior cervical spine surgery: a prospective, multicenter study. Spine, in press, 2006.

101. Riley LH III, Skolasky RL, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR, Heller JG: Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Decompression and Fusion: Prevalence and Risk Factors From a Longitudinal Cohort Study. Spine 30(22): 2564-2569, 2005.

102. Vaccaro AR, Anderson DG, Patel T, Fischgrund J, Truumees E, Herkowitz HN, Phillips F, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ, Wetzel T, McCulloch JA. Comparison of OP-1 Putty (rhBMP-7) To Iliac Crest Autograft for Posterolateral Lumbar Arthrodesis. Spine 30 (24): 2709-2716, December 15, 2005.

103. Anderson DG, Risbud MV, Shapiro IM, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ. Cell-Based Therapy for Disc Repair. The Spine Journal, Vol. 5(6S), November/December 2005; 297S-303S.

104. Risbud MV, Shapiro IM, Guttapalli MS, DiMartino A, Danielson KG, Beiner JM, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR. Osteogenic Potential of Adult Human Stem Cells of the Lumbar Vertebral Body and the Iliac Crest. Spine, Volume 31, Number 1, January 1, 2006 - Pg 83-89.

105. Pahl MA, Brislin B, Boden S, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Hanscom B, Albert TJ. The I Impact of Four Common Lumbar Spine Diagnoses Upon Overall Health Status. The Spine Journal, March/April 2006, Volume 6, Number 2, Pgs. 125-130.

106. Risbud MV, DiMartino A, Guttapalli A, Seghatoleslami R, Denaro V, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Shapiro IM. Toward an Optimum System for Intervertebral Disc Organ Culture. Spine Volume 31, Number 8, April 15, 2006.

107. Taylor B, Patel A, Okubadejo G, Albert TJ, Riew KD. Detection of Esophageal Perforation Using Intraesophageal Dye Injection. Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques Volume 19, Number 3, Pg 191-193, May 2006.

108. Yuan PS, Day TF, Albert TJ, Morrison WB, Pimenta L, Cragg A, Weinstein M. Anatomy of the Percutaneous Presacral Space for a Novel Fusion Technique. Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques Volume 19, Number 4, Pg 237-241, June 2006.

109. Albert TJ, Harrop J, Artz G, Sharan A, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS. Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Palsy Following Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: The Impact of Endotracheal Tube Cuff Deflation, Re-inflation and Pressure Adjustment. Anesthesiology Premier Journal.

110. Tsai TT, Danielson KG, Guttapalli A, Oguz E, Albert TJ, Shapiro IM, Risbud MV. TonEBP/OREBP is a Regulator of Nucleus Pulposus Cell Function and Survival in the Intervertebral Disc. Journal of Biochemistry Published June 13, 2006.

111. Skolasky RL, Maggard AM, Hilibrand AS, Northrup BE, Ullrich CG, Albert TJ, Coe JD, Riley LH III: Agreement Between Surgeons and an Independent Panel With Respect To Surgical Site Fusion After Single-Level Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: A Prospective, Multicenter Study. Spine 31 (15) : E503-E506, 2006.

112. Lee JY, Sharan A, Baron EM, Lim MR, Grossman E, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS. Quantitative Prediction of Spinal Cord Drift After Cervical Laminectomy And Arthrodesis. Spine Volume 31, (16): 1795-1798, July 15, 2006.

113. Hilibrand AS, Balasubramanian K, Eichenbaum M, Thinnes JH, Daffner S, Berta S, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR, Siegler S. The Effect of Anterior Cervical Fusion on Neck Motion. Spine Volume 31 (15): 1688-1692, July 1, 2006.

114. Lee JY, Hilibrand AS, Lim MR, Zavatsky J, Zeiller S, Schwartz DM, Vaccaro AR, Anderson, DG, Albert TJ. Characterization of Neurophysiologic Alerts During Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery. Spine Volume 31 (17): 1916-1922, August 1, 2006.

115. Albert TJ, Polestra KA, Kurd MF. Neck Pain, Radiculopathy and Myelopathy. The Journal of Musculoskeletal Medicine.

116. Vaccaro AR, Sahni D, Pahl MA, Harrop JS, Sharan AD, Venger BH, Haid RW, Carrino JA, Vadera S, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ. Long-Term Magnetic Resonance Imaging Evaluation of Bioresorbable Anterior Cervical Plate Resorption Following Fusion for Degenerative and Traumatic Disk Disruption. Spine Volume 31 (18) 2091-2094, August 15, 2006.

117. Magit DP, Maak T, Troiano N, Raphael B, Hamouria Q, Polzhofer G, Drespe I, Albert TJ, Grauer JN. Healos/Recombinant Human Growth and Differentiation Factor-5 Induces Posteolateral Lumbar Fusion in a New Zealand White Rabbit Model. Spine Volume 31 (19) 2180-2188 - September 1, 2006.

118. Baron EM, Albert TJ. Medical Complications of Surgical Treatment of Adult Spinal Deformity and How to Avoid Them. Spine Volume 31 (19S) S106-S118), September 1, 2006.

119. Villarraga ML, Cripton PA, Teti SD, Steffey DL, Krisnamuthy S, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR. Wear and Corrosion in Retrieved Thoracolumbar Posterior Internal Fixation. Spine Volume 31 (21) 2454-2462 - October 1, 2006.

120. White AP, Maak TG, Prince D, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS, Grauer JN. Osteogenic Protein-1 Induced Gene Expression: Evaluation in a Posterolateral Spinal Pseudarthrosis Model. Spine Volume 31 (22) 2550-2555 - November 2006.

121. Poelstra KA, Kurd MF, Albert TJ. Managing Neck Pain: Evaluation and Treatment Recommendations. The Journal of Musculoskeletal Medicine Pgs. 809-814 - November 2006.

122. Albert TJ. Point of View. Spine Volume 31 (22) Pg. 2540 - November 2006.

123. Weinstein JN, Lurie JD, Tosteson TD, Skinner JS, Hanscom B, Tosteson AN, Herkowitz H, Fischgrund J, Cammisa FP, Albert TJ, Deyo RA. Surgical vs Nonoperative Treatment for Lumbar Disk Herniation. The Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT) Observational Cohort. JAMA November 22/29, 2006 - Pgs. 2451-2459.

124. Spector LR, Kim DH, Affonso J, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR. Use of Computed Tomography to Predict Failure of Nonoperative Treatment of Unilateral Facet Fractures of the Cervical Spine. Spine Volume 31, Number 24 - November 15, 2006 - Pgs. 2827-2835.

Non-Peer Reviewed:
1. Albert TJ, McLaughlin RE: Osteoinductive activity of demineralized bone matrix in canine muscle: Development of a potential assay system. Jeff Ortho J 1987; XVI:29-33.

2. Sharkey PF, Albert TJ, Hume EL, Rothman RH: Initial stability of a collarless wedge-shaped prosthesis in the femoral canal. Semin Arthroplasty 1990; 1:87-90.

3. Albert TJ, Cohn JC, Rothman JS, Springstead J, Rothman RH, Booth RE: Patient-controlled analgesia in a postoperative total joint arthroplasty population. J Arthroplasty 1991; 6(Suppl):S523-528.

4. Albert TJ, Sharkey PJ, Hume EL, Rothman RH: Rotation affects apparent radiographic positioning of femoral components in total hip arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 1991; 6(Suppl):S567-571.

5. Albert TJ, Lamb D, Piazza MR, Flanders AE, Balderston RA, Cotler JM: MRI evaluation of fusion mass incorporation after anterior cervical fusions. Jeff Ortho J 1991; XX:18-21.

6. Balderston RA, Albert TJ: Cotrel Dubousset instrumentation for adult scoliosis. Semin Spine Surg 1992; 4:193-206.

7. Albert TJ: Surgical treatment of adult scoliosis. Curr Opin Orthopaedics 1994; 5:10-17.

8. Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Cotler JM: Anterior instrumentation for the treatment of lower cervical spine deformities. Op Tech Ortho 1996; 6:52-57.

9. Albert TJ, Balderston RA, Vaccaro AR, Rothman RH: Generic outcomes forms best to assess different procedures. Orthop Today 1996; 16:23.

10. Abraham DJ, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR, Balderston RA: The sensitivity of MRI in detecting lumbar spondylolisthesis. Jeff Ortho J 1996; XXV:27-28.

11. Albert TJ, Rushton S: Post-traumatic cervical spine instability: Evaluation and treatment. Semin Spine Surg 1996; 8:339-353.

12. Reddy V, Vaccaro AR, Klein GR, Albert TJ, Cotler JM: Selecting the surgical approach for thoracolumbar fractures. Jeff Ortho J 1997; XXVI:24-29.

13. Klein GR, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Cook C, Cotler JM: Occipitocervical fusion: Indications and techniques. Jeff Ortho J 1997; XXVI:30-34.

14. Klein GR, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR: Management of cervical radiculopathy. Jeff Ortho J 1997; XXVI:35-42.

15. Rosenfeld JF, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Balderston RA, Cotler JM: The benefits of early decompression in cervical spine injury. Jeff Ortho J 1997; XXVI: 15-20.

16. Ludwig SC, Albert TJ, Balderston RA, Vaccaro AR: Thoracic kyphosis. Semin Spine Surg 1997;9(Scoliosis edition):112-129.

17. Klein GR, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Failed surgical treatment for lumbar stenosis: Principles of revision surgery. Curr Opin Orthop 1998; 9:53-58.

18. Klein GR, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR: Failed lumbar fusion and revision surgery. Curr Opin Orthop 1998; 11:59-65.

19. Klein G, Ludwig S, Vaccaro AR, Rushton S, Lazar R, Albert TJ: The efficacy of using an image-guided Kerrison in performing an anterior cervical foramenotomy: An anatomic analysis. Jeff Ortho J 1998; XXVII:33-37.

20. Ball S, Vaccaro AR, Klein GR, Albert TJ, Cotler JM: Combined anterior and posterior surgery for fractures of the thoracolumbar spine. Jeff Ortho J 1998; XXVII:38-44.

21. Klein GR, Vaccaro AR, Ludwig SC, Song SJ, Albert TJ: Simultaneous anterior and posterior thoracic and lumbar spinal fusion. Jeff Ortho J 1998; XXVII:45-49.

22. Klein G, Vaccaro AR, Kramer D, Albert TJ: Instrumentation for occipital cervical fusion. Semin Spine Surgery 1998; 9:227-232.

23. Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR: Anterior plate fixation for subaxial cervical spinal disorders. Semin Spine Surg 1998; l9:233-239.

24. Kramer DL, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Posterior Cervical Instrumentation. Semin Spine Surg 1998; 9:240-249.

25. Conant R, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Complications of posterior occipital and cervical screw placement. Semin Spine Surg 1998; 10:228-236.

26. Shakil M, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Non-operative treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. Semin Spine Surg 1999; 11:229-233.

27. Klein GR, Albert TJ, Joffe D, Cwik J, Seitchik S, Vaccaro AR: The efficacy of cervical epidural steroids in the treatment of cervical spinal disorders. Jeff Ortho J 1999; XXVII:31-34.

28. Klein GR, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR: Health outcome assessment before and after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for radiculopathy: A prospective analysis. Jeff Ortho J 1999; XXVII:35-38.

29. Hilibrand AS, Singh K, Albert TJ: Pyogenic cervical osteomyelitis. Spine: State of the Art Reviews 1999; 13:107-122.

30. Bush JL, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Cotler JM: Electrical stimulation in lumbar spinal fusion. Jeff Ortho J 1999; XXVII:90.

31. Banco SP, Albert TJ, Klein GR, Vaccaro AR: Anterior cervical instrumentation for radiculopathy: An economic analysis. Jeff Ortho J 1999; XXVIII:39-41.

32. Albert TJ, Zlotolow D, Vaccaro AR, Ilyas A, Hilibrand AS: Revision lumbar spine surgery. Semin Spine Surg 1999; 11:163-175.

33. Shakil M, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Efficacy of conservative treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis: Nonoperative. Semin Spine Surg 1999; 11:229-233.

34. Hilibrand AS, Singh K, Albert TJ: Pyogenic Cervical Osteomyelitis. Spine: State of the Art Reviews 1999; 13:107-122.

35. Taylor BA, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Complications of anterior and posterior surgical approaches in the treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease. Semin Spine Surg 2000; 11:337-346.

36. Moulton JR, Nachwalter R, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Management of cervical kyphosis in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Orth Tech Rev 2000; May.

37. Daffner S, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ: Lumbar degenerative scoliosis. Jeff Ortho J 2000; XXIX:36-39.

38. Daffner S, Vaccaro AR, Cotler J, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS: Disorders at the cervicothoracic junction. Jeff Ortho J 2000; XXIX:25-28.

39. Ehrler DM, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ: Surgical treatment of multilevel cervical spondylosis. Spine: State of the Art Reviews 2000; 14:611-624.

40. Albert TJ, Zlotolow DA, Hilibrand AS: Cervicothoracic junctional problems. State of the Art Reviews. 2000; 14:651-660.

41. Henderson CP, Brislin BT, Albert TJ: Combined anterior/posterior fusion for the previously operated back. Semin Spine Surg 2001; In press.

42. Caterson EJ, Albert T, Danielson K, Tuan RS: Application of mesenchymal stem cells in the regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues. Jeff. Orthop. J 1999; 28:96-100

43. Silber J, Albert T: Anterior approaches for the surgical treatment of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Curr Opin Orthopaedics 2001; 12:231-237.

44. Vaccaro A, Pfaff W, Watkins B, Klein G, Albert T, Silber J: Cervical Spine Injuries in Athletes: Current Return-to-Play Criteria. Jeff. Orthop. J 2001 24:699-705.

45. Banco S, Vaccaro A, Eck J, Cotler J, Albert T, Murphey S: Spinal Infections: Variations in Incidence during the Academic Year. Jeff. Orthop. J 2001 29:7-12.

46. Blam O, Vaccaro A, Vanichkachorn J, Minnich JM, Albert T, et al: Risk Factors for Surgical Site Infection in the Spinal Injury Patient. Jeff. Orthop. J 2001 29:13-20.

47. Craig M, Berts S, Vaccaro A, Albert T, Cotler J: Bone Graft Alternatives and Modulation of Intervertebral Disc Metabolism in Spinal Surgery. Jeff Orthop. J 2001 29:21-24

48. Daffner S, Vaccaro A, Hilibrand A, Albert T, Cotler J: Management of Disorders of the Cervicothoracic Junction. Jeff. Orthop. J 2001 29:25-28.

49. Vaccaro A, Klein G, Thaller J, Rushton S, Cotler J, Albert T: Distraction Extension Injuries of the Cervical Spine. Jeff. Orthop. J 2001 29:29-35.

50. Daffner S, Vaccaro A, Hilibrand A, Albert T, Cotler J: Degenerative Lumbar Scoliosis. Jeff. Orthop. J 2001 29:36-39.

51. Silber J, Anderson D, Albert T: Practical and Functional Spinal Neuroanatomy for the Orthopaedic Surgeon. Jeff. Orthop. J 2001 29:40-46.

52. Henderson C, Brislin B, Albert T: Combined Anterior/Posterior Fusion for the Previously Operated Back. Seminars in Spine Surgery 2001 13:239-248.

53. Silber JS, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Simeone FA, Albert TJ: Pre-operative Discography: Appropriate Indications and Clinical Interpretation. Univ of Penn Orthop J 2001 14:79-82.

54. Blam OG, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR: Surgical Reconstruction of Post-laminectomy Cervical Kyphosis. The Jefferson Orthopaedic Journal 2002 30:26-32.

55. Blam OG, Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR: Surgical Reconstruction of Postlaminectomy Cervical Kyphosis. Current Opinion in Orthopaedics 2002 13:208-213.

56. Henderson CP, Brian BT, Albert TJ: Combined Anterior/Posterior Fusion for the Previously Operated Back. Seminars in Spine Surgery 2002 13:239-248.

57. Kwon BK, Beiner J, Grauer JN, Albert TJ. Anterior/Posterior Operative Reduction of Cervical Spine Dislocations: Techniques and Literature Review. Current Opinion in Orthopedics (submitted 11/02).

58. Singh K, Berta SC, Albert TJ: Anterior Cervicothoracic Junction Approach. Techniques in Orthopaedics 2003 17(3).

59. Kwon BK, Beiner JM, Grauer JN, Albert TJ. Cervical Radiculopathy. Orthopedics Hyperguide. http://www.ortho.hyperguides.com/ (User oh580073, Password Stryker, Posted 1/03).

60. Kwon BK, Beiner JM, Grauer JN, Albert TJ. Cervical Facet Dislocations. Orthopedics Hyperguide. http://www.ortho.hyperguides.com/ (User oh580073, Password Stryker, Posted 1/03).

61. Beiner JM, Kwon BK, Grauer JN, Albert TJ. Odontoid Fractures. Orthopedics Hyperguide. http://www.ortho.hyperguides.com/ (User oh580073, Password Stryker, Posted 1/03).

62. Beiner JM, Kwon BK, Grauer JN, Albert TJ. Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis. Orthopedics Hyperguide. http://www.ortho.hyperguides.com/ (User oh580073, Password Stryker, Posted 1/03).

63. Beiner JM, Kwon BK, Grauer JN, Albert TJ. Degenerative Lumbar Scoliosis. Orthopedics Hyperguide. http://www.ortho.hyperguides.com/ (User oh580073, Password Stryker, Posted 1/03).

64. Beiner JM, Kwon BK, Grauer JN, Albert TJ. Thoracolumbar Fractures. Orthopedics Hyperguide. http://www.ortho.hyperguides.com/ (User oh580073, Password Stryker, Posted 2/03).

65. Grauer JN, Hilibrand AS, Beiner JM, Kwon BK, Albert TJ. Metastatic Spine Disease. Orthopedics Hyperguide. http://www.ortho.hyperguides.com/ (User oh580073, Password Stryker, Posted 2/03).

66. Grauer JN, Kwon BK, Beiner JM, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ. Lumbar Stenosis. Orthopedics Hyperguide. http://www.ortho.hyperguides.com/ (User oh580073, Password Stryker, Posted 2/03).

67. Shah R, Grauer JN, Albert TJ. Degenerative Disc Disease. Orthopedics Hyperguide. http://www.ortho.hyperguides.com/ (User oh580073, Password Stryker, Posted 2/03).

68. Shah R, Grauer JN, Albert TJ. Lumbar Disc Herniations. Orthopedics Hyperguide. http://www.ortho.hyperguides.com/ (User oh580073, Password Stryker, Posted 2/03).

69. Kwon BK, Berta SC, Daffner S, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Grauer JN, Beiner J, Albert TJ. Radiographic Analysis of Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for the Treatment of Adult Isthmic Spondylolisthesis: A Retrospective Radiographic Assessment. The Jefferson Orthopaedic Journal. 2003, XXXI.

70. Vaccaro AR, Scuderi GJ, Kwon BK, Berta SC, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS, Beiner J, Grauer JN, Brusovanik GV. Conjoined Lumbar Nerve Root Variants: Pitfalls and Precautions. The Jefferson Orthopaedic Journal. 2003, XXXI.

71. Daffner SD, Silber J, Hilibrand AS, Anderson DG, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Riew KD. Why Are Spine Patients Lost to Follow-up? The Jefferson Orthopaedic Journal. 2003, XXXI.

72. Kwon BK, Berta SC, Beiner J, Grauer JN, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR. A Review of Injuries to the Pediatric Spine. The Jefferson Orthopaedic Journal. 2003, XXXI.

73. Kwon BK, Vaccaro AR, Wolfram T, Berta SC, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS, Woo J, Austin M, Grauer JN, Beiner J. Strategies and Tactics of Spinal Cord Regeneration. The Jefferson Orthopaedic Journal. 2003, XXXI.

74. Albert TJ, Moumene M. Are Radiolucent Composite Cages for Lumbar Interbody Fusion Equal? The Anterior Column. Volume I, June 2003.

75. Albert TJ, Anderson DG. Seminars in Spine Surgery. Introduction vol. 15, No. 4. December 2003.

76. Albert TJ, Anderson DG. The Molecular Basis of Intervertebral Disk Degeneration. Seminars in Spine Surgery. Volume 15, No. 4 - Pages 352-360. December 2003.

Books
1. Surgical Approaches to the Spine, Albert TJ, Balderston RA, Northrup BN eds. Philadelphia, PA Saunders 1998.

2. Mastercases: Spine Surgery, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ eds. London. Thieme 2001.

3. Spine Surgery: Tricks of the Trade, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ eds. London. Thieme 2002.

4. Physical Examination of the Spine, Albert, TJ, Vaccaro AR eds. London. Thieme 2004.

Book Chapters
1. Albert TJ, Jones AA, Balderston RA: Spinal Instrumentation. In: The Spine. Vol. 3. Rothman RH, Simeone FA, Eds. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1992.

2. Albert TJ, An H, Balderston RA, Cotler JC: Harrington Instrumentation and Modifications. In: Spinal Instrumentation. H & Cotler JC, Eds. William & Wilkins, 1992.

3. Albert TJ, Balderston RA: Harrington and Luque Instrumentation in Thoracolumbar Trauma. In: Surgery for Spinal Cord Injury. Garfin SG, Northrup B, Eds. Aspen Press, 1992.

4. Albert TJ, Balderston RA: Adult Scoliosis. In: The Lumbar Spine. Weisel, Ed. WB Saunders, 1996.

5. Albert TJ, Balderston RA, Winter RB: Galveston Technique. In: Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Arthodesis. Margulies JY, Floman Y, Farcy JP, Neurwirth MG, Eds. Lippincott-Raven, 1996.

6. Albert TJ, Balderston, RA, Northrup, B, Eds. Surgical Approaches to the Spine. WB Saunders, 1997.

7. Kramer DL, Albert TJ: The Spinal Cord and Its Reaction to Traumatic Injury. In: Comprehensive Management of Spine Trauma. Mosby, 1998.

8. Balderston, RA, Albert TJ, Vaccaro, AR: Adult Scoliosis. In: Principles and Techniques of Spine Surgery. An H, Ed. Williams & Wilkins, 1998:475-488.

9. Albert TJ, Jones AA, Vaccaro AR, Balderston RA: Spinal Instrumentation. In: The Spine. Vol. 4. Rothman RH, Simeone FA, Eds. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1998:1641-1660.

10. Albert TJ, Rushton S: Thoracic Burst Fracture: Surgical Treatment. In: Controversies in Spine Surgery. Zdeblick, Benzel, Anderson, Stillman, Eds. Quality Medical Publishing, 1999.

11. Albert TJ, An H, Balderston RA, Cotler, JM: Harrington Instrumentation and Modifications. In: Spinal Instrumentation. Vol II. An H, Cotler JC, Eds. William & Wilkins, 2001

12. Albert TJ, Rushton SA: Evaluation of Back Pain. In: Handbook of Lower Extremity Neurology. Mandel S, Willis J, Eds. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.

13. Sharan AD, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Ankylosing Spondylitis: Cervical Osteotomy. In: Master Case Series. Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Eds. London: Thieme, 2001.

14. Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR: Postlaminectomy Kyphosis. In: Master Case Series. Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Eds. London: Thieme, 2001.

15. Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Spine Surgery. In: Master Case Series. Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Eds. London: Thieme, 2001.

16. Albert TJ: Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion. In: Tricks of the Trade. Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Eds. London: Thieme. 2002.

17. Albert TJ: Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. In: Tricks of the Trade. Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, Eds. London: Thieme. 2002.

18. Albert TJ, Kim D: Update on Use of Instrumentation in Lumbar Spine Disorders. In: Best Practice & research Clinical Rheumatology. London: Harcourt, 2002.

19. Albert TJ: Complications of Thoracolumbar Surgery. OKU Spine. New York: AAOS, 2002.

20. Vaccaro AR, Blam OG, Anderson DG, Albert TJ: Cervical Spine Trauma. In: Orthopaedics. Fitzgerald et eds, Philadelphia: Mosby, 2002.

21. Savas PE, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Thoracolumbar Spine Injuries. In: Orthopaedics. Fitzgerald et al eds. Philadelphia: Mosby, 2002.

22. Albert TJ, Singh K: Low Back Pain and Sciatica. In: Orthopaedics. Fitzgerald at al eds. Philadelphia: Mosby, 2002.

23. Albert TJ, Lazar R: Cervical Spine Deformity. In: The Failed Spine. Boden ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2002.

24. Albert TJ, Vaccaro AR, Brislin B: Postlaminectomy Cervical Kyphosis. In: Principles and Practice of Spine Surgery. Vaccaro et al eds. St. Louis: Elsevier Science. Philadelphia: Mosby, 2002.

25. Ludwig SC, Rumi MN, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ: Posterior Cervical Fixation. In: Fractures of the Cervical, Thoracic, and Lumbar Spine. Vaccaro et al eds. New York: Marcel Dekker, 2002.

26. Albert TJ: Anterior Cervico-Thoracic Approach. In: Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery: The Spine 2nd Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. 2002.

27. Singh K., Albert TJ: Anterior Cervicothoracic Junction Approaches. In: The Cervical Spine. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. 2002.

28. Silber JS, Albert TJ, Anterior Cervical Approaches In: Atlas of Cervical Surgery. Cervical Spine Research Society. Herkowitz et al eds. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2002

29. Kim DH, Silber JS, Albert TJ: Symposium: Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. In: Instructional Course Lectures, Vol. 52. Rosemont, IL: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2002.

30. Grauer JN, Beiner JM, Albert TJ. Evaluation and Management of Cervical Spine Deformities. In: Adult and Pediatric Spine, 3rd Edition. Frymoyer wt al eds. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. In press.

31. Lugo R, Grauer JN, Beiner JM, Kwon BK, Albert TJ. Kyphosis of the Cervical Thoracic, and Lumbar Spine. In: Spine Textbook for Residents and Fellows. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier. In press.

32. Beiner JM, Grauer JN, Albert TJ. Lumbar Spondylolisthesis. In: Essentials in Orthopaedics: Spine. In press.

33. Grauer JN, Beiner JM, Kwon BK, Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ. Cervical Postlaminectomy Kyphosis. In: Complications of Pediatric and Adult Spinal Surgery. In press.

34. Erulkar JS, Grauer JN, Albert TJ. Spine Arthroplasty: Restoration of Motion and Function. In: Best New Technologies in Spine and Pain Management from A to Z. San Diego, CA: SYA Press and Research. In press.

35. Crowl AC, Anderson DG, Albert TJ, Devlin VJ. Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Fractures. In: Spine Secrets Hanley & Belfus, Inc. P367. 2003.

36. Kim DH, Silber JS, Albert TJ. Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. In: Spine Instructional Course Lecture Series American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, pp 275-284, 2003.

37. Lim M, Rybak L, Albert TJ. Imaging Studies for Acute and Chronic Neck Pain. In: Neck Pain , JS Fischgrund Ed. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, pp 11-26, 2004.

38. Beiner JM, Grauer JN, Kwon BK, Albert TJ. Lumbar Spondylolithesis. In: Orthopaedic Surgery Essentials: Spine. Lippincott Williams & Williams, pp 146-155, 2004.

39. Yuan PS, Booth Jr. RE, Albert TJ. Nonsurgical and Surgical Management of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis. In Instructional Course Lectures American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, pp. 303-312.

40. Kim DH, Chun YS, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Albert TJ. Complications of Iliac Crest: Bone Graft Harvesting. Section II: Thoracolumbar/Lumbosacral Spine, pp 143-153.

41. Kim DH, Albert TJ, Hilibrand AS, Vaccaro AR. Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Clinical Evaluation of Low Back Pain. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Low Back Pain Bone and Joint Decade 2005, pp 11-23.

42. Singh K, Berta SC, Albert TJ: Anterior Cervicothoracic Approach in Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery: The Spine Bradford DS and Zdeblick TA Eds, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2004.

43. Zeiller SC, Albert TJ: Anterior Retroperitoneal Approach in Surgical Anatomy & Techniques of the Spine: Kim DH, Henn JS, Vaccaro AR,& Dickman CA Eds. Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2006.

44. Albert TJ: Foreword in Spinal Instrumentation; Kim DH, Vaccaro AR, and Feesler RG Eds, Thieme, NY, NY, 2005.

45. Albert TJ, Zeiller SC. Postlaminectomy Kyphosis. Complications of Spine Surgery Treatment and Prevention. Pgs. 41-46, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006.

46. Anderson DG, Albert TJ, Tannoury C: Adult Scoliosis. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update Spine, North American Spine Society, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Editors Jeffrey M. Spivak, MD and Patrick J. Connelly, MD, Chapter 35, Pgs. 331-338.

Articles Written by Todd Albert, MD

Cervical Spine Surgery: An Overview

What is the purpose of cervical spine surgery? This article will help you prepare for cervical spine surgery and outline the reasons for having it.

Maintaining Your Back for Your Lifetime

Describes how to maintain a healthy back after having undergone a spinal surgery.

Discharge Instructions for Lumbar Laminectomies and Discectomies

Discharge instructions for patients who have undergone lumbar laminectomies or discectomies. These discharge instructions are printed with permission from Todd Albert, M.D. of the Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University.

Recovery from Lumbar Fusion Surgery

An excellent overview of what to expect following surgery, including basic recovery instructions.

Discharge Instructions for Anterior Cervical Fusions with Instrumentation

Discharge instructions for patients who have undergone anterior cervical fusions with instrumentation. These discharge instructions are printed with permission from Todd Albert, M.D. of the Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University.

Discharge Instructions for Anterior and Posterior Cervical Fusion with Halo Placement

Discharge instructions for patients who have undergone anterior and posterior cervical fusion with halo placement. Printed with permission from Todd Albert, M.D. of the Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University.

Preparing For Lumbar Fusion Surgery

This article will help you prepare for your lumbar surgery. Hints on how to prepare your home, what to expect before admission and after admission for your lumbar surgery.

Whiplash: Treatment and Recovery

Conservative treatment includes use of pain, anti-inflammatory, and muscle relaxant medications; and physical therapy.

Preoperative and Discharge Instructions for Cervical Fusion

Discharge instructions for patients who have undergone a cervical fusion. These discharge instructions are printed with permission from Todd Albert, M.D. of the Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University.

Discharge Instructions for Lumbar Fusion Surgery

Collar care instructions for patients who have undergone lumbar fusions (anterior, posterior) . Printed with permission from Todd Albert, M.D. of the Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University.

Collar Care Instructions for Cervical Fusions

Collar care instructions for patients who have undergone cervical fusions. These discharge instructions are printed with permission from Todd Albert, M.D. of the Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University.

Cervical Spine Surgery: Recovery

What to expect immediately after surgery. Personal hygiene, sutures, IV therapy, diet and breathing are some of the topics covered in this article.

Discharge Instructions for Microendoscopic Discectomy

Discharge instructions for patients who have undergone microendoscopic discectomy.

Whiplash: Neck Trauma and Treatment

In this article, learn about whiplash. This injury to the soft tissues in the neck can impact the spinal joints, discs, ligaments, muscles, and nerves.

Whiplash: A Common Neck Injury

The symptoms of whiplash may include neck pain, headache, dizziness, nausea, and in rare cases difficulty swallowing.

Case Studies Presented by Todd Albert, MD

15-year-old Male Football Player with Severe Neck Pain After Spear Tackle

Presented by: T. Albert MD
The patient is a 15-year-old male football player who presents with severe neck pain after a spear tackle.

Former Professional Lacrosse Player Presents with Right Arm Pain and Triceps Weakness

No Evidence of Myelopathy
Presented by: T. Albert MD
Spine Case: Former professional lacrosse player in s/p C3-7 laminectomy without fusion (10 years prior) and C5-6 ACDF (5 years prior) for myelopathy presents with right arm pain and severe right triceps weakness. Vote on your preferred treatment.

Fixed Cervical Kyphosis and Recurrent Myelopathy

Presented by: T. Albert MD
The patient is a 69-year-old male who had PCDF in 2009. He now presents with severe neck pain/weakness and loss of horizontal gaze. Vote in SpineUniverse's Interactive Case Library for how you would treat this patient.

Cervical Disc Herniation Adjacent to Fusion

Presented by: T. Albert MD

The patient is a 26-year-old healthy, nonsmoker, non-laborer. A year ago, he underwent C5-C6 anterior cervical discectomy and fusion and now presents with new and acute symptoms.

Progressive Cervical Myelopathy in a 57-year-old

Presented by: T. Albert MD

The patient is a 57-year-old male with progressive cervical myelopathy who has been ambulating with a walker during the past four weeks.

Radicular Neck Pain

Presented by: T. Albert MD

This 60-year-old female presents with neck pain, hand numbness, radiculopathy, and hyper-reflexia.

Kyphosis Nonunion with Cervical Spinal Myelopathy

Presented by: T. Albert MD

The patient is a 75-year-old male, who is status post laminectomy and fusion at C2-C5. His pain has worsened and other symptoms have led to his inability to ambulate.

Articles Reviewed by Todd Albert, MD

Spine Specialists On-Call: Charité Artificial Disc

"Disc replacement is the most significant advancement since the modern treatment of spinal disorders began 70 years ago" as stated by Richard Guyer, MD.

Perspective on Training Future Spine Surgeons

A new residency pathway focused specifically on training future spine surgeons should be developed to meet the changing needs of modern spine surgery practice and address inconsistencies in spine surgery training, according to a report by a group of orthopedic and neurological surgeons.

Surgery for Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease Increased by 2.4-fold in the Last Decade

Surgical treatment of lumbar/ lumbosacral degenerative disc disease increased by 2.4-fold between 2000 and 2009, according to data from a nationwide, population-based cohort published in the The Spine Journal.

Cervical Radiculopathy Treated Surgically on an Outpatient Basis

Cervical radiculopathies can now be treated surgically on an outpatient basis. A surgeon explains his preference for treating cervical radiculopathy(a type of neck pain) by the posterior approach (from the back of the neck) rather than by an anterior discectomy and fusion. Read about this minimally invasive spine surgery technique.

What Should I Know about Lumbar Spinal Fusion?

A lumbar spinal fusion surgery may be recommended for various conditions, including disc herniation, lumbar spondylolisthesis, scoliosis, or degenerative disc disease. Learn how the surgeon will perform the fusion and how it will help your pain.

Epidural Injections to Reduce Pain from Pinched Nerves

The epidural space is often used to deliver medicine close to the spinal nerves. Local anesthetics and anti-inflammatory steroids help to reduce inflammation that can cause pinched nerves.

Physical Therapy Overview

As team players, the spine specialist, physical therapist, and occupational therapist all work together with the patient and family members to aid in the patient's recovery process.

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Selective (Transforaminal) Epidural Spinal Injection

A selective epidural injection places anti-inflammatory medicine around a spinal nerve to help reduce inflammation. By stopping or limiting nerve inflammation, the epidural injection may promote healing.

Intervertebral Disc Replacement

Prosthetic devices to replace the intervertebral disc may be broadly divided into devices that replace the nucleus only, leaving the annulus and cartilaginous portions of the endplate intact, and devices that replace the entire disc.

Physical Therapy: An Overview

Based on the patient's evaluation and objective measurement, the type of treatment may include a muscle strengthening program, a flexibility and general conditioning program, and pain management program.

Lumbar Facet Joint Injection Information

A facet joint injection serves several purposes including immediate pain relief that helps to confirm or deny the spinal joint as the pain source.

Caudal Epidural Injection Information

An epidural injection places anti-inflammatory medicine into the epidural space. Read how this treatment may help to decrease nerve root inflammation and hopefully reduce back or leg pain.

Cervical Sports Injuries: The Stinger

A stinger, sometimes called a burner, is an injury that occurs when the head or neck is hit to one side causing the shoulder to be pulled in the opposite direction.

Strength Training for Kids

Strength training for kids is different than strength training for adults. Find out about the importance of strengthening exercises for children, and get tips on how to incorporate strength training into your child's exercise program.

Strength Training Safety for Kids

With good technique and proper supervision, children can safely participate in strength training programs. Learn how your child can add strengthening exercises into his or her exercise program.

Financial Disclosures

SpineUniverse, a Vertical Health, LLC website, is committed to ensuring that the medical information it presents is accurate, balanced, objective, and trustworthy. 

To help achieve this goal, SpineUniverse requires all authors, editors, and reviewers to disclose any financial relationships or affiliations they have with companies whose products or services may be mentioned in the content they author, edit, or review.

The intent of this policy is to identify any perceived, potential, or real conflicts of interest so that readers can make their own judgments about the value of information being presented.

Author's Statement

I, or an immediate family member, have a financial interest(s) or affiliation(s) with the following commercial companies whose products and / or services may be mentioned in the materials I have authored, edited or reviewed for presentation on Vertical Health, LLC’s websites.

Disclosed Relationships

Consultant
Depuy Spine, Biomet Spine, K2M
Stock/Shareholder
K2M, Gentis, Paradigm, Pioneer, Biomerix, Breakaway Imaging, Vertech
SHOW MAIN MENU
SHOW SUB MENU
Cancel
Delete