Lawrence G. Lenke, MD's portrait
Lawrence G. Lenke, MD
Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, NY
Dr. Lenke is a member of the SpineUniverse Editorial Board.

About Lawrence G. Lenke, MD

Dr. Lenke is Professor of Orthopedic Surgery at Columbia University Medical Center; Surgeon-in-Chief, The Spine Hospital at NewYork-Presbyterian/Allen; Chief, Spine Division, Department of Orthopedic Surgery; and, Co-Director, Adult and Pediatric Comprehensive Spine Fellowship.

Dr. Lenke's practice is devoted to pediatric and adult spinal surgery with an emphasis on complex reconstructive surgery and the treatment of various spinal deformities such as scoliosis, kyphosis, and spondylolisthesis.

Following a medical degree at Northwestern University Medical School, Dr. Lenke completed his internship and residency at Washington University School of Medicine in Orthopedic Surgery. Also, while at Washington University, he completed a fellowship in pediatric and adult spinal surgery. In 1994, Dr. Lenke received board certification from the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery. Dr. Lenke is an active member of numerous professional societies: the American Medical Association (AMA), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), North American Spine Society (NASS), American Orthopaedic Association (AOA), and the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA), in addition to many more.

Since 1991, Dr. Lenke has been an active researcher in the spine field and a recipient of major grants for research pursuit. His peers have acknowledged the merit of his research with various honors such as four notable awards from the Scoliosis Research Society and two awards from the America Orthopaedic Association.

As an author, Dr. Lenke has contributed over 60 chapters to medical textbooks, more than 180 articles to scientific peer-reviewed journals, and over 60 non-peer-reviewed/invited articles. He is also an editor for textbooks and scientific journals, including the recently published textbook entitled, Spinal Deformity: Guide to Surgical Planning and Management, and the Radiographic Measurement Manual (RMM).

He has chaired over 50 professional spinal surgery meetings worldwide and is the current SRS-Chairman of IMAST (International Meeting of Advanced Spine Techniques) until 2009 to which he has presented over 450 scientific abstracts/presentations. He has been an invited lecturer over 200 times and has accepted over 40 visiting professorships. He has also participated in two International Traveling Fellowships in the field of spinal surgery.

For six years running, Dr. Lenke has been listed in "The Best Doctors in America" as selected by his peers. He is also a member of the SpineUniverse Editorial Board.

Publications

Peer-Reviewed Publications
1. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Blanke K. Analysis of pulmonary function and axis rotation in adolescent and young adult idiopathic scoliosis patients treated with Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation. J Spinal Disord 1992;5(1):16-25 

2. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Blanke K. Preventing decompensation in King Type II curves treated with Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation. Strict guidelines for selective thoracic fusion. Spine 1992;17(8S):274-81

3. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Blanke K, Schoenecker PL. Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg 1992;74(7):1056-67

4. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Bullis D, Betz RR, Baldus C, Schoenecker PL. Results of in situ fusion for isthmic spondylolisthesis. J Spinal Disord 1992;5(4):433-42

5. Owen JH, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Innervation pattern of dorsal roots and their effect on the specificity of dermatomal somatosensory evoked potentials. Spine 1993;18(6):748-54

6. Kai Y, Owen JH, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Oakley DM, Sugioka Y. Use of sciatic neurogenic motor evoked potentials versus spinal potentials to predict early-onset neurologic deficits when intervention is still possible during over distraction. Spine 1993;18(9):1134-9

7. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Blanke K, Schoenecker PL. Ability of Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation to preserve distal lumbar motion segments in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Spinal Disord 1993;6(4):339-50

8. Bridwell KH, Sedgewick TA‡, O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Baldus C. The role of fusion and instrumentation in the treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis. J Spinal Disord 1993;6(6):461-72

9. Lenke LG, Sutherland CJ, Gilula LA. Osteoid osteoma of the proximal femur. CT guided preoperative localization. Orthopedics 1994;17(3):289-92

10. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Jaffe AS. Increase in creatine kinase MB isoenzyme levels after spinal surgery. J Spinal Disord 1994;7(1):70-6

11. Adams JE 3rd, Sicard GA, Allen BT, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Davila-Roman VG, Bodor GS, Ladenson JH, Jaffe AS. Diagnosis of perioperative myocardial infarction with measurement of cardiac Troponin I. N Engl J Med 1994;330(10):670-4

12. O'Brien MF*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Schoenecker PL. Intracanalicular osteochondroma producing spinal cord compression in hereditary multiple exostoses. J Spinal Disord 1994;(3):236-41

13. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, O'Brien MF*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Recognition and treatment of the proximal thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated with Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation. Spine 1994;19(14):1589-97

14. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Preoperative spinal canal investigation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves > 70º. Spine 1994;19(14):1606-10

15. Owen JH, Lenke LG, Danto J. Spinal cord monitoring in patients undergoing surgery for neuromuscular scoliosis. Spine 1994;19(20):2371-2

16. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Padberg AM, Stokes M. Evoked potential monitoring of the upper extremities during thoracic and lumbar spinal deformity surgery: a prospective study. J Spinal Disord 1994;7(4):277-84

17. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Lou J, Bridwell KH, Joyce ME‡. Astrocyte response and transforming growth factor-beta localization in acute spinal cord injury. Spine, SRS Issue 1994;19(20):2321-9

18. Bridwell KH, O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Posterior spinal fusion supplemented with only allograft bone in paralytic scoliosis. Does it work? Spine 1994;19(23):2658-66

19. Lenke LG, Padberg AM, Russo MH, Bridwell KH, Gelb DE*. Triggered electromyographic threshold for accuracy of pedicle screw placement. An animal model and clinical correlation. Spine, SRS Issue 1995;20(14):1585-91

20. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Analysis of pulmonary function and chest cage dimension changes after thoracoplasty in idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 1995;20(12):1343-50

21. Gelb DE*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, McEnery KW. An analysis of sagittal spinal alignment in 100 asymptomatic middle and older aged volunteers. Spine 1995;20(12):1351-8

22. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Prospective analysis of nutritional status normalization after spinal reconstructive surgery. Spine 1995;20(12):1359-67

23. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, McEnery KW, Baldus C, Blanke K. Anterior fresh frozen structural allografts in the thoracic and lumbar spine. Do they work if combined with posterior fusion and instrumentation in adult patients with kyphosis or anterior column defects? Spine 1995;20(12):1410-8

24. Curran MP‡, Lenke LG. Torulopsis glabrata spinal osteomyelitis involving two contiguous vertebrae. A case report. Spine 1996;21(7):866-70

25. Padberg AM, Russo MH, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Komanetsky RM. Validity and reliability of spinal cord monitoring in neuromuscular spinal deformity surgery. J Spinal Disord 1996;9(2):150-8

26. Hamill CL*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Chapman MP*, Blanke K, Baldus C. The use of pedicle screw fixation to improve correction in the lumbar spine of patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Is it warranted? Spine 1996;21(10):1241-9

27. Hamill CL*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Chapman MP*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Posterior arthrodesis in the skeletally immature patient. Assessing the risk for crankshaft: is an open triradiate cartilage the answer? Spine 1997;22(12):1343-51

28. Gupta P*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Incidence of neural axis abnormalities in infantile and juvenile patients with spinal deformity. Is a magnetic resonance image screening necessary? Spine 1998;23(2):206-10

29. Vedantam R*, Lenke LG, Keeney JA‡, Bridwell KH. Comparison of standing sagittal spinal alignment in asymptomatic adolescents and adults. Spine 1998;23(2):211-5

30. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Major intraoperative neurologic deficits in pediatric and adult spinal deformity patients: incidence and etiology at one institution. Spine 1998;23(3):324-31

31. Lou J, Lenke LG, Xu F, O'Brien M*. In vivo Bcl-2 oncogene neuronal expression in the rat spinal cord. Spine 1998;23(5):517-23

32. Komanetsky RM, Padberg AM, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Russo MH, Chapman MP*, Hamill CL*. Neurogenic motor evoked potentials: a prospective comparison of stimulation methods in spinal deformity surgery. J Spinal Disord 1998;11(1):21-8

33. Marsicano JG*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Chapman M*, Gupta P*, Weston J. The lordotic effect of the OSI frame on operative adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. Spine 1998;23(12):1341-8

34. Padberg AM, Wilson-Holden TJ, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Somatosensory- and motor-evoked potential monitoring without a wake-up test during idiopathic scoliosis surgery. An accepted standard of care. Spine 1998;23(12):1392-400

35. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C, Weston J. Radiographic results of arthrodesis with Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A five to ten-year follow-up study. J Bone Joint Surg 1998;80(6):807-14

36. Lou J, Lenke LG, Ludwig FJ, O'Brien MF*. Apoptosis as a mechanism of neuronal cell death following acute experimental spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 1998;36(10):683-90

37. Brown CA‡, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Geideman WM‡, Hasan SA‡, Blanke K. Complications of pediatric thoracolumbar and lumbar pedicle screws. Spine 1998;23(14):1566-71

38. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Clements DH, Harms J, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL. Intraobserver and interobserver reliability of the classification of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg 1998;80A(8):1097-106

39. Freehill AK‡, Lenke LG. Severe kyphosis secondary to glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis in a young adult with Cushing's disease. A case report and literature review. Spine 1999;24(2):189-93

40. Linville DA*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Vedantam R*, Leicht P. Complications in the adult spinal deformity patient having combined surgery. Does revision increase the risk? Spine 1999;24(4):355-63

41. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH III, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Jeszenszky D, Beele B. Comparison of anterior and posterior instrumentation for correction of adolescent thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 1999;24(3):225-39

42. Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Iffrig TM, Lenke LG, Blanke K. Process measures and patient/parent evaluation of surgical management of spinal deformities in patients with progressive flaccid neuromuscular scoliosis (Duchenne's muscular dystrophy and spinal muscular atrophy). Spine 1999;24(13):1300-9

43. Sweet FA*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K. Maintaining lumbar lordosis with anterior single solid-rod instrumentation in thoracolumbar and lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 1999;24(16):1655-62

44. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Harms J, Clements DH, Lowe TG. Spontaneous lumbar curve coronal correction after selective anterior or posterior thoracic fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 1999;):1663-71

45. Wilson-Holden TJ, Padberg AM, Lenke LG, Larson BJ, Bridwell KH, Bassett GS. Efficacy of intraoperative monitoring for pediatric patients with spinal cord pathology undergoing spinal deformity surgery. Spine 1999;24(16):1685-92

46. Molinari RW*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Ungacta FF‡, Riew KD. Complications in the surgical treatment of pediatric high-grade, isthmic dysplastic spondylolisthesis. A comparison of three surgical approaches. Spine 1999;24(16):1701-11

47. Booth KC*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus CR, Blanke KM. Complications and predictive factors for the successful treatment of flatback deformity (fixed sagittal imbalance). Spine 1999;24(16):1712-20

48. Booth KC*, Bridwell KH, Eisenberg BAÂ¥, Baldus CR, Lenke LG. Minimum 5-year results of degenerative spondylolisthesis treated with decompression and instrumented posterior fusion. Spine 1999;24(16):1721-7

49. Tenhula J, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Gupta P*, Riew KD. Prospective functional evaluation of the surgical treatment of neurogenic claudication in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. J Spinal Disord 2000;13(4):276-82

50. Song EW‡, Lenke LG, Schoenecker PL. Isolated thoracolumbar and lumbar hyperlordosis in a patient with cerebral palsy: a case report. J Spinal Disord 2000;13(5):455-60

51. Vedantam RW*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Linville DA*. Comparison of push-prone and lateral-bending radiographs for predicting postoperative coronal alignment in thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliotic curves. Spine 2000;25(1):76-81

52. Vedantam RW*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Haas J‡, Linville DA*. A prospective evaluation of pulmonary function in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis relative to the surgical approach used for spinal arthrodesis. Spine 2000;25(1):82-90

53. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Harms J, Clements DH, Lowe TG. The effect of continued posterior spinal growth on sagittal contour in patients treated by anterior instrumentation for idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 2000;25(7):813-8

54. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Clements DH, Lowe TG, Merola A, Haher T, Harms J, Huss GK, Blanke K, McGlothlen S. Do radiographic parameters correlate with clinical outcomes in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis? Spine 2000;25(14):1795-802

55. Vedantam R*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Linville DA*, Blanke K. The effect of variation in arm position on sagittal spinal alignment. Spine 2000;25(17):2204-9

56. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Mardjetko S, Lowe TG, Kong Y, Eck K*, Smith D. Pedicle morphology in thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Is pedicle fixation an anatomically viable technique? Spine 2000;25(18):2285-93

57. Graham EJ‡, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Kong Y, Blanke K. Prospective pulmonary function evaluation following open thoracotomy for anterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 2000;25(18):2319-25

58. Wilson-Holden TJ, Padberg AM, Parkinson JD, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Bassett GS. A prospective comparison of neurogenic mixed evoked potential stimulation methods: utility of epidural elicitation during posterior spinal surgery. Spine 2000;25(18):2364-71

59. Eck KR*, Bridwell KH, Ungacta FF‡, Lapp MA*, Lenke LG, Riew KD. Analysis of titanium mesh cages in adults with minimum two-year follow-up. Spine 2000;25(18):2407-15

60. Bridwell KH, Shufflebarger HL, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Betz RR, Bassett GS. Parents' and patients' preferences and concerns in idiopathic adolescent scoliosis. a cross-sectional preoperative analysis. Spine 2000;25(18):2392-9

61. Sponseller PD, LaPorte DM, Hungerford MW, Eck K*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Deep wound infections after neuromuscular scoliosis surgery. A multicenter study of risk factors and treatment outcomes. Spine 2000;25(19):2461-6

62. Eck KR*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Gilula LA, Lashgari CJ‡, Riew KD. Radiographic assessment of anterior titanium mesh cages. J Spinal Disord 2000;13(6):501-9

63. Riew KD, Yin Y, Gilula L, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Lauryssen C, Goette K. The effect of nerve-root injections on the need for operative treatment of lumbar radicular pain. A prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blind study. J Bone Joint Surg 2000;82A(11):1589-93

64. Lapp MA*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Riew KD, Linville DA*, Eck KR*, Ungacta FF?. Long-term complications in adult spinal deformity patients having combined surgery: a comparison of primary to revision patients. Spine 2001;26(8):973-83

65. Klepps SJ‡, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Bassett GS, Whorton J. Prospective comparison of flexibility radiographs in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 2001;26(5E):74-9

66. Eck KR*, Bridwell KH, Ungacta FF‡, Riew KD, Lapp MA*, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Complications and results of long adult deformity fusions down to L4, L5, and the sacrum. Spine 2001;26(9E):182-92

67. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Lewis SJ*. Treatment of spinal stenosis and fixed sagittal imbalance. Clin Orthop & Relat Res 2001;(384):35-44

68. Lenke LG, Rhee JM*. Adolescent scoliosis. Anterior surgical techniques for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Curr Opin Orthop 2001;12(3):199-205

69. Lapp MA*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K, Iffrig TM. Prospective randomization of parenteral hyperalimentation for long fusions with spinal deformity: its effect on complications and recovery from postoperative malnutrition. Spine 2001;26(7):809-17

70. Lenke LG, Engsberg JR, Ross SA, Reitenbach A, Blanke K, Bridwell KH. Prospective dynamic functional evaluation of gait and spinal balance following spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 2001;26(14E):330-7

71. Graham E‡, Lenke LG, Hannallah D, Lauryssen C. Myelopathy induced by a thoracic intraspinal synovial cyst: case report and review of the literature. Spine 2001;26(17E):392-4

72. Sweet FA*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke KM, Whorton J. Prospective radiographic and clinical outcomes and complications of single solid rod instrumented anterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 2001;26(18):1956-65

73. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Won DS‡, Graham EJ‡, Sweet FA*, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Blanke KM. Spontaneous proximal thoracic curve correction after isolated fusion of the main thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 2001;26(18):1966-75

74. Kuklo TR*, Bridwell KH, Lewis SJ*, Baldus C, Blanke K, Iffrig TM, Lenke LG. Minimum 2-year analysis of sacropelvic fixation and L5-S1 fusion using S1 and iliac screws. Spine 2001;26(18):1976-83

75. Bridwell KH, Kuklo TR*, Lewis SJ*, Sweet FA*, Lenke LG, Baldus C. String test measurement to assess the effect of spinal deformity correction on spinal canal length. Spine 2001;26(18):2013-9

76. Engsberg JR, Bridwell KH, Reitenbach AK, Uhrich ML, Baldus C, Blanke K, Lenke LG. Preoperative gait comparisons between adults undergoing long spinal deformity fusion surgery (thoracic to L4, L5, or sacrum) and controls. Spine 2001;26(18):2020-8

77. Huang MJ‡, Lenke LG. Scoliosis and severe pelvic obliquity in a patient with cerebral palsy: surgical treatment utilizing halo-femoral traction. Spine 2001;26(19):2168-70

78. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Haher TR, Lapp MA*, Merola AA, Harms J, Shufflebarger HL. Multisurgeon assessment of surgical decision-making in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: curve classification, operative approach, and fusion levels. Spine 2001;26(21):2347-53

79. Lewis SJ*, Lenke LG, Raynor B, Long J, Bridwell KH, Padberg AM. Triggered electromyographic threshold for accuracy of thoracic pedicle screw placement in a porcine model. Spine 2001;26(22):2485-9

80. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Bridwell KH, Clements DH, Lowe TG, Blanke K. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A new classification to determine extent of spinal arthrodesis. J Bone Joint Surg 2001;83(8):1169-81

81. Burd TA‡, Pawelek L, Lenke LG. Upper extremity functional assessment after anterior spinal fusion via thoracotomy for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: prospective study of twenty-five patients. Spine 2002;27(1):65-71

82. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Clements DH, Merola A, Haher T, Lowe T, Newton P, Bridwell KH, Blanke K. Curve prevalence of a new classification of operative adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: does classification correlate with treatment? Spine 2002;27(6):604-11

83. Wilson-Holden TJ, Van Sickle D‡, Lenke LG. The benefit of neurogenic mixed evoked potentials for intraoperative spinal cord monitoring during correction of severe scoliosis: a case study. Spine 2002;27(10E):258-65

84. Eck KR*, Bridwell KH, Ungacta FF‡, Lapp MA*, Lenke LG, Riew KD. Mesh cages for spinal deformity in adults. Clin Orthop & Relat Res 2002;(394):92-7

85. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Mesh cages in idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents. Clin Orthop & Relat Res 2002;(394):98-108

86. Molinari RW*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C. Anterior column support in surgery for high-grade, isthmic spondylolisthesis. Clin Orthop & Relat Res 2002;(394):109-20

87. Engsberg JR, Lenke LG, Reitenbach AK, Hollander KW, Bridwell KH, Blanke KM. Prospective evaluation of trunk range of motion in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing spinal fusion surgery. Spine 2002;27(12):1346-54

88. Hanson DS*, Bridwell KH, Rhee JM*, Lenke LG. Dowel fibular strut grafts for high-grade dysplastic isthmic spondylolisthesis. Spine, SRS Issue 2002;27(18):1982-8

89. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Graham EJ‡, Won DS‡, Sweet FA*, Blanke KM, Bridwell KH. Correlation of radiographic, clinical, and patient assessment of shoulder balance following fusion versus nonfusion of the proximal thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine, SRS Issue 2002;27(18).2013-20

90. Hanson DS*, Bridwell KH, Rhee JM*, Lenke LG. Correlation of pelvic incidence with low- and high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis. Spine, SRS Issue 2002;27(18):2026-9

91. Raynor BL, Lenke LG, Kim Y, Hanson DS*, Wilson-Holden TJ, Bridwell KH, Padberg AM. Can triggered electromyograph thresholds predict safe thoracic pedicle screw placement? Spine, SRS Issue 2002;27(18):2030-5

92. Wilson PL, Newton PO, Wenger DR, Haher TR, Merola AA, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements III DH, Betz RR. A multi-center study analyzing the relationship of a standardized radiographic scoring system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and the scoliosis research society outcomes instrument. Spine, SRS Issue 2002;27(18):2036-40

93. Lenke LG, White DK, Kemp JS, Bridwell KH, Blanke KM, Engsberg JR. Evaluation of ventilatory efficiency during exercise in patients with idiopathic scoliosis patients undergoing spinal fusion. Spine, SRS Issue 2002;27(18):2041-5

94. Merola AA, Haher TR, Brkaric M, Panagopoulos G, Mathur S, Kohani O, Lowe TG, Lenke LG, Wenger DR, Newton PO, Clements DH 3rd, Betz RR. A multicenter study of the outcomes of the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis using the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) outcome instrument. Spine, SRS Issue 2002;27(18):2046-51

95. Bridwell KH, Hanson DS*, Rhee JM*, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Correction of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with segmental hooks, rods, and Wisconsin wires posteriorly: it's bad and obsolete, correct? Spine, SRS Issue 2002;27(18):2059-66

96. Rhee JM*, Bridwell KH, Won DS‡, Lenke LG, Chotigavanichaya C, Hanson DS*. Sagittal plane analysis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: the effect of anterior versus posterior instrumentation. Spine 2002;27(21):2350-6

97. Khanna Y‡, Molinari RW*, Lenke LG. Exertional myelopathy in a patient with type 2 congenital kyphosis. Spine 2002;27(22E):488-92

98. Yukawa Y§, Lenke LG, Tenhula J, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Blanke K. A comprehensive study of patients with surgically treated lumbar spinal stenosis with neurogenic claudication. J Bone Joint Surg 2002;84A(11):1954-9

99. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Szymanski DA, Morcuende JA, Weinstein SL, Bridwell KH, Sponseller PD. Prevalence of neural axis abnormalities in patients with infantile idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg 2002;84A(12):2230-4

100. Yukawa Y§, Lou J, Fukui N, Lenke LG. Optimal treatment timing to attenuate neuronal apoptosis via Bcl-2 gene transfer in vitro and in vivo. J Neurotrauma 2002;19(9):1091-103

101. Polly Jr. DW, Cunningham BW, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Oda I, Schroeder TM, Klemme WR. Anterior thoracic scoliosis constructs: effect of rod diameter and intervertebral cages on multi-segmental construct stability. Spine J 2003;3(3):213-9

102. Kyriakos M, Totty WG, Lenke LG. Giant vertebral notochordal rest. A lesion distinct from chordoma. Discussion of an evolving concept. Am J Surg Pathol 2003;27(3):396-406

103. Bridwell KH, Lewis SJ*, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Pedicle subtraction osteotomy for the treatment of fixed sagittal imbalance. J Bone Joint Surg 2003;85A(3):454-63 SRS Hibbs award nominee

104. Whitaker C‡, Schoenecker PL, Lenke LG. Hyperkyphosis as an indicator of syringomyelia in idiopathic scoliosis: a case report. Spine 2003;28(1E):16-20

105. Sanders AE, Bauman NR, Brown H, Johnston CE 2nd, Lenke LG, Sink E. Selective anterior fusion of thoracolumbar/lumbar curves in adolescents. When can the associated thoracic curve be left unfused? Spine 2003;28(7):706-13

106. Lenke LG. Anterior endoscopic discectomy and fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 2003;28(15S):36-43

107. Engsberg JR, Bridwell KH, Wagner JM, Uhrich ML, Blanke K, Lenke LG. Gait changes as the result of deformity reconstruction surgery in a group of adults with lumbar scoliosis. Spine 2003;28(16):1836-43

108. Engsberg JR, Lenke LG, Uhrich ML, Ross SA, Bridwell KH. Prospective comparison of gait and trunk range of motion in adolescents with idiopathic thoracic scoliosis undergoing anterior or posterior spinal fusion. Spine 2003;28(17):1993-2000

109. Bridwell KH, Lewis SJ*, Edwards C*, Lenke LG, Iffrig TM, Berra A, Baldus C, Blanke K. Complications and outcomes of pedicle subtraction osteotomies for fixed sagittal imbalance. Spine, SRS Issue 2003;28(18):2093-101

110. Rhee JM*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K, Edwards C*, Berra A. Staged posterior surgery for severe adult spinal deformity. Spine, SRS Issue 2003;28(18):2116-21

111. Edwards C*, Bridwell KH, Patel A‡, Rinella AS*, Kim YJ, Berra AB, Della Rocca GJ‡, Lenke LG. Thoracolumbar deformity arthrodesis to L5 in adults. The fate of the L5-S1 disc. Spine, SRS Issue 2003;28(18):2122-31

112. Sanders JO, Polly Jr. DW, Cats-Baril W, Jones J, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Richards BS, Sucato DJ, AIS Section of the Spinal Deformity Study Group. Analysis of patient and parent assessment of deformity in idiopathic scoliosis using the Walter Reed Visual Assessment Scale. Spine, SRS Issue 2003;28(18):2158-63

113. McAfee PC, Polly Jr. DW, Cunningham B, Gaines B, Hallab N, Lubicky J, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Clinical summary statement. Spine, SRS Issue 2003;28(20S):196-98

114. Lenke LG, Edwards 2nd CC*, Bridwell KH. The Lenke classification of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. How it organizes curve patterns as a template to perform selective fusions of the spine. Spine, SRS Issue 2003;28(20S):199-207

115. Lowe TG, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Clements III DH, Harms J, Newton PO, Haher TR, Merola AA, Wenger DR. Anterior single-rod instrumentation of the thoracic and lumbar spine. Saving levels. Spine, SRS Issue 2003;28(20S):208-16

116. Newton PO, Faro FD, Lenke LG, Betz RR, Clements DH, Lowe TG, Haher TR, Merola AA, D'Andrea LP, Marks M, Wenger DR. Factors involved in the decision to perform a selective versus nonselective fusion of Lenke 1B and 1C (King-Moe II) curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine, SRS Issue 2003;28(20S):217-23

117. Bridwell KH, Edwards 2nd CC*, Lenke LG. The pros and cons to saving the L5-S1 motion segment in a long scoliosis fusion construct. Spine, SRS Issue 2003;28(20S):234-42

118. Lenke LG, Anderson G, Bridwell KH, Gaines R, Lubicky J, McAfee P, Polly DW, Weinstein J. Summary Statement. Fusion Technologies. Spine, SRS Issue 2003;28(20S):243-4

119. Newton PO, Marks MC, Faro FD, Betz RR, Clements III DH, Haher TR, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Merola AA, Wenger A. Use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) to reduce perioperative morbidity and minimize fusion levels in scoliosis surgery. Spine, SRS Issue 2003;28(20S):249-54

120. Cole JW, Murray DJ, Snider RJ, Bassett GS, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Aprotinin reduces blood loss during spinal surgery in children. Spine 2003;28(21):2482-5

121. Engsberg JR, Lenke LG, Hollander KW, Uhrich ML, Commean PK, Lee JR, Bae KT. Methods to locate center of gravity in scoliosis. Spine 2003;28(23E):483-9

122. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Walton T, Peelle MW‡, Della Rocca G‡, Steger-May K, Bridwell KH. Can we predict the ultimate lumbar curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients undergoing a selective fusion with undercorrection of the thoracic curve? Spine, SRS Issue 2004;29(3):277-85

123. Rinella AS*, Lenke LG, Peelle MW‡, Edwards II CC*, Bridwell KH, Sides B. Comparison of SRS questionnaire results submitted by both parents and patients in the operative treatment of idiopathic scoliosis. Spine, SRS Issue 2004;29(3):303-10

124. Rinella AS*, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§, Rudzki J‡, Edwards II CC*, Roh M*, Lenke LG, Berra A. Late complications of adult idiopathic scoliosis primary fusions to L4 and above. The effect of age and distal fusion level. Spine, SRS Issue 2004;29(3):318-25

125. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cho YS§, Riew KD. Free hand pedicle screw placement in the thoracic spine: is it safe? Spine, SRS Issue 2004;29(3):333-41

126. Edwards 2nd CC*, Lenke LG, Peelle M‡, Sides B, Rinella A*, Bridwell KH. Selective thoracic fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with C modifier lumbar curves. 2- to 16-year radiographic and clinical results. Spine 2004;29(5):536-46

127. Lenke LG. Debate: Resolved, a 55º right thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliotic curve should be treated by posterior spinal fusion and segmental instrumentation using thoracic pedicle screws. PRO: thoracic pedicle screws should be used to treat a 55º right thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop 2004;24(3):329-34

128. Othman Z§, Lenke LG, Bolon SM, Padberg A. Hypotension induced loss of intraoperative monitoring data during surgical correction of Scheuermann kyphosis: a case report. Spine 2004;29(12E):258-65

129. Bridwell KH, Lewis SJ*, Rinella A*, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Pedicle subtraction osteotomy for the treatment of fixed sagittal imbalance. Surgical Technique. J Bone Joint Surg 2004;86A(1):44-50

130. Potter BK, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*. Prevention and management of iatrogenic flatback deformity. J Bone Joint Surg 2004;86A(8):1793-808

131. Satake K§, Lou J, Lenke LG. Migration of mesenchymal stem cells through cerebrospinal fluid into injured spinal cord tissue. Spine, SRS Issue 2004;29(18):1971-9

132. Edwards 2nd CC*, Bridwell KH, Patel A‡, Rinella AS*, Berra A, Lenke LG. Long adult deformity fusions to L5 and the sacrum. A matched cohort analysis. Spine, SRS Issue 2004;29(18):1996-2005

133. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Cho SK¥, Bridwell KH, Sides B, Blanke K. Comparative analysis of pedicle screw versus hook instrumentation in posterior spinal fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine, SRS Issue 2004;29(18):2040-8

134. Lenke LG, Newton PO, Marks MC, Blanke KM, Sides B, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH. Prospective pulmonary function comparison of open versus endoscopic anterior fusion combined with posterior fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine, SRS Issue 2004;29(18):2055-60

135. Rudzki JR‡, Lenke LG, Blanke K, Riew, KD. Pseudarthrosis of a 39-year-old dens fracture causing myelopathy. A case report. J Bone Joint Surg 2004;86A(11):2509-13

136. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Lehman Jr. RA, Polly Jr. DW, Schroeder TM. Accuracy and efficacy of thoracic pedicle screws in curves more than 90º. Spine 2005;30(2):222-6

137. Orchowski J*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Neurological deficit from a purely vascular etiology after unilateral vessel ligation during anterior thoracolumbar fusion of the spine. Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(4):406-10

138. Satake K§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Blanke KM, Sides B, Steger-May K. Analysis of the lowest instrumented vertebra following anterior spinal fusion of thoracolumbar/lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Can we predict postoperative disc wedging? Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(4):418-26

139. Kuklo TR*, Potter BK, Polly Jr. DW, O'Brien MF*, Schroeder TM, Lenke LG. Reliability analysis for manual adolescent idiopathic scoliosis measurements. Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(4):444-54

140. Bridwell KH, Cats-Baril W, Harrast J, Berven S, Glassman S, Farcy JP, Horton WC, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Radake T. The validity of the SRS-22 instrument in an adult spinal deformity population compared with the Oswestry and SF-12. A study of response distribution, concurrent validity, internal consistency, and reliability. Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(4):455-61

141. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rinella AS*, Edwards 2nd CC*. Pseudarthrosis in primary fusions for adult idiopathic scoliosis. Incidence, risk factors, and outcome analysis. Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(4):468-74

142. Rinella AS*, Lenke LG, Whitaker C, Kim YJ§, Park SS, Peelle MW‡, Edwards II CC*, Bridwell KH. Perioperative halo-gravity traction in the treatment of severe scoliosis and kyphosis. Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(4):475-82

143. Crist BD, Lenke LG, Lewis S*. Osteoid osteoma of the lumbar spine. A case report highlighting a novel reconstruction technique. J Bone Joint Surg 2005;87(2):414-8

144. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim KL, Steger-May K. Pulmonary function in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis relative to the surgical procedure. J Bone Joint Surg 2005;87A(7):1534-41

145. Kuklo TR*, Lehman Jr. RA, Lenke LG. Structures at risk following anterior instrumented spinal fusion for thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Spinal Disord Tech 2005;18(1):58-64

146. Kuklo TR*, Potter BK, Lenke LG. Vertebral rotation and thoracic torsion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. What is the best radiographic correlate? J Spinal Disord Tech 2005;18(2):139-47

147. Kuklo TR*, Potter BK, O'Brien MF*, Schroeder TM, Lenke LG, Polly Jr. DW, and the Spinal Deformity Study Group. Reliability analysis for digital adolescent idiopathic scoliosis measurements. J Spinal Disord 2005;8(2):152-9

148. Faro FD, Marks MC, Newton PO, Blanke K, Lenke LG. Perioperative changes in pulmonary function following anterior scoliosis instrumentation. Thoracoscopic versus open approaches. Spine 2005;30(9):1058-63

149. Newton PO, Faro FD, Gollogly S, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Lowe TG. Results of preoperative pulmonary function testing of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. A study of six hundred and thirty-one patients. J Bone Joint Surg 2005;87A(9):1937-46

150. Glattes RC*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Rinella A*, Edwards 2nd C*. Proximal junctional kyphosis in adult spinal deformity following long instrumented posterior spinal fusion. Incidence, outcomes, and risk factor analysis. Spine 2005;30(14):1643-9

151. Potter BK, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG. Radiographic outcomes of anterior spinal fusion versus posterior spinal fusion with thoracic pedicle screws for treatment of Lenke Type I adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves. Spine 2005;30(16):1859-66

152. Luhmann SJ*, Bridwell KH, Cheng I*, Imamura T, Lenke LG, Schootman M. Use of bone morphogenetic protein-2 for adult spinal deformity. Spine 2005;30(17S):110-7

153. Cho KJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Berra A, Baldus C. Comparison of Smith-Petersen versus pedicle subtraction osteotomy for the correction of fixed sagittal imbalance. Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(18):2030-7

154. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Kim J, Cho SK¥. Proximal junctional kyphosis in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis following segmental posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion: minimum 5-year follow-up. Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(18):2045-50

155. Luhmann SJ*, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Schootman M. Thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves between 70º and 100º. Is anterior release necessary? Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(18):2061-7

156. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Cheh G§, Riew KD. Evaluation of pedicle screw placement in the deformed spine using intraoperative plain radiographs. A comparison with Computerized Tomography. Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(18):2084-8

157. Thuet ED, Padberg AM, Raynor BL, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Taylor BA, Lenke LG. Increased risk of postoperative neurologic deficit for spinal surgery patients with unobtainable intraoperative evoked potential data. Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(18):2094-103

158. Cheng I*, Kim Y§, Gupta MC, Bridwell KH, Hurford RK*, Lee SS*, Theeranjunyaport T, Lenke LG. Apical sublaminar wires versus pedicle screws-which provided better results for surgical correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis? Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(18):2104-12

159. Kuklo TR*, Potter BK, Polly Jr. DW, Lenke LG. Monaxial versus multiaxial thoracic pedicle screws in the correction of scoliosis. Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(18):2113-20

160. Deviren V, Acaroglu E, Lee J, Fujita M, Hu S, Lenke LG, Polly Jr. D, Kuklo TR*, O'Brien M*, Brumfield D, Puttlitz CM. Pedicle screw fixation of the thoracic spine. An in-vitro biomechanical study on different configurations. Spine, SRS Issue 2005;30(22):2530-7

161. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Kim J, Bridwell KH, Cho SK¥, Cheh G§, Sides B. Comparative analysis of pedicle screw versus hybrid instrumentation in posterior spinal fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine, SRS Issue 2006;31(3):291-8

162. Lowe TG, Lenke LG, Betz RR, Newton PO, Clements III DH, Haher TR, Crawford AH, Letko L, Wilson LA. Distal junctional kyphosis of adolescent idiopathic thoracic curves following anterior or posterior instrumented fusion. Incidence, risk factors, and prevention. Spine, SRS Issue 2006;31(3):299-302

163. Tsuchiya K§, Bridwell KH, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Baldus CR. Minimum 5-year analysis of L5-S1 fusion using sacropelvic fixation (bilateral S1 and iliac screws) for spinal deformity. Spine, SRS Issue 2006;31(3):303-8

164. Cho SKÂ¥, Lenke LG, Hanson DS*. Traumatic noncontiguous double fracture-dislocation of the lumbosacral spine. A case report. The Spine J 2006;6(5):534-8

165. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cho KJ§, Edwards II CC*, Rinella AS*. Pseudarthrosis in adult spinal deformity following multisegmental instrumentation and arthrodesis. J Bone Joint Surg 2006;88A(4):721-8

166. Riew KD, Park JB, Cho YS§, Gilula L, Patel A‡, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Nerve root blocks in the treatment of lumbar radicular pain. A minimum five-year follow-up. J Bone Joint Surg 2006;88A(8):1722-5

167. Kuklo TR*, O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Polly DW, Sucato DJ, Richards BS, Lubicky J, Ibrahim K, Kawakami N, King A; The Spinal Deformity Study Group: AIS Section. Comparison of the lowest instrumented, stable, and lower end vertebrae in "single overhang" thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: anterior versus posterior spinal fusion. Spine 2006;31(19):2232-6

168. Lee SS*, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Valenté L, Bridwell KH, Sides B, Blanke KM. Comparison of Scheuermann's kyphosis correction by posterior-only thoracic pedicle screw fixation vs. combined anterior/posterior fusion. Spine, SRS Issue 2006;31(20):2316-21

169. Hurford Jr. RK*, Lenke LG, Lee SS*, Cheng I*, Sides B, Bridwell KH. Prospective radiographic and clinical outcomes of dual rod instrumented anterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Comparison with single rod construct. Spine, SRS Issue 2006;31(20):2322-8

170. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim SC§, Cheh G§. Pseudarthrosis in long adult spinal deformity instrumentation and fusion to the sacrum. Prevalence and risk factor analysis of 144 cases. Spine, SRS Issue 2006;31(20):2329-36

171. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim SC§, Cheh G§. An analysis of sagittal spinal alignment following long adult lumbar instrumentation and fusion to L5 or S1: Can we predict ideal lumbar lordosis? Spine, SRS Issue 2006;31(20):2343-52

172. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim S§, Cheh G§. Sagittal thoracic decompensation following long adult lumbar spinal instrumentation and fusion to L5 or S1: Causes prevalence, and risk factor analysis. Spine 2006;31(20):2359-66

173. Bess RS*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Steger-May K, Hensley M. Wasting of preoperatively donated autologous blood in the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine, SRS Issue 2006;31(20):2375-80

174. Takeshita K§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§, Sides B, Hensley M. Analysis of patients with nonambulatory neuromuscular scoliosis surgically treated to the pelvis with intraoperative halo-femoral traction. Spine, SRS Issue 2006;31(20):2381-5

175. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Luhmann SJ*, Bridwell KH. Anterior/posterior spinal instrumentation versus posterior instrumentation alone for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliotic curves greater than 90 degrees. Spine, SRS Issue 2006;31(20):2386-91

176. Peelle MW‡, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Sides B. Comparison of pelvic fixation techniques in neuromuscular spinal deformity correction: Galveston rod versus iliac and lumbosacral screws. Spine, SRS Issue 2006;31(20):2392-8

177. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH. Selective thoracic posterior fusions for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Comparison of hooks vs screws. Spine, SRS Issue 2006;31(20):2400-4

178. O'Brien M*, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Polly DW, Sucato D, Richards BS, Lubicky J, Ibraham K, Kawakami N, King A. Comparison of lowest instrumented, stable, and lowest end vertebra in "single overhang" thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Anterior versus posterior spinal fusion. Spine (accepted December 2005).

179. Lowe TG, Chien JT, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Newton PO, Clements III DH, Crawford AH, Letko LJ, Line BG. The surgical treatment of double thoracic curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis - Factors involved in the decision to perform a selective fusion of the main thoracic curve versus a fusion of both main thoracic and thoracic and proximal thoracic curves. Spine (accepted February 2006).

180. Glassman SD, Schwab FJ, Bridwell KH, Ondra SL, Berven S, Lenke LG. The selection of operative versus nonoperative treatment in patients with adult scoliosis. Spine (accepted March 2006).

181. Bess RS*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Mandel S, Sides B. Comparison of thoracic pedicle screw to hook instrumentation for the treatment of adult spinal deformity. Spine (accepted April 2006).

182. Kishan S, Bastrom T, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements D, D'Andrea L, Sucato DJ, Newton PO. Thoracoscopic scoliosis surgery affects pulmonary function less than thoracotomy at two years post-surgery. Spine (accepted June 2006).

183. Marks MC, Petcharaporn M, Betz R, Clements D, Lenke L, Newton PO. Outcomes of surgical treatment in male vs. female adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. Spine (accepted July 2006).

Journal Articles (Submitted)
1. Lewis SJ*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Sethi NS, Riew KD. Methodology dependent variability in the radiographic interpretation of fusion. J Bone Joint Surg (submitted March 2005).

2. Cho KJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kamiya M§, Sides B. Selection of optimal distal fusion level in posterior instrumentation and fusion of thoracic hyperkyphosis. The sagittal stable vertebra concept. Spine (submitted April 2005).

3. Raynor BL, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Taylor BA, Padberg AM. Correlation between low triggered EMG thresholds and lumbar pedicle screw malposition. Analysis of 4857 screws. Spine, SRS Issue (submitted November 2005).

4. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Sides B, Whorton J. Prospective pulmonary function comparison of anterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Thoracotomy vs. thoracoabdominal approach. Spine, SRS Issue (submitted November 2005).

5. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Whorton J, Sides B. Prospective pulmonary function comparison following posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Is there a relationship between major thoracic curve correction and PFT improvement? Spine, SRS Issue (submitted November 2005).

6. Seshadri VÂ¥, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Sides B. A prospective, randomized study of intermittent clamping of subfascial drainage tubes following posterior spinal fusion. Can it reduce postoperative blood loss? The Spine J (submitted March 2006).

7. Lehman RA*, Lenke LG. Extensive cervicolumbar epidural abscess treated with extensive decompressive thoracic laminoplasty. Spine (submitted March 2006).

8. Lowe TG, Chien JT, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Newton PO, Clements DH, Crawford AH, Line BG. A retrospective radiographic and clinical comparison of adolescent idiopathic double thoracic curves treated by selective anterior instrumentation and fusion of the main thoracic curve versus posterior instrumentation and fusion of both curves -Factors involved in the decision to perform a selective fusion of the main thoracic curve versus a fusion of both main thoracic and proximal thoracic curves. Spine (submitted June 2006).

9. Luhmann SJ*, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Schootman M. Cost analysis of circumferential fusion versus posterior fusion-only with thoracic pedicle screw constructs of 70-100 degree idiopathic thoracic curves. Spine (submitted May 2006).

10. Lowe TG, Berven S, Schwab F, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. The SRS classification for adult spinal deformities. Spine (submitted June 2006).

11. Newton P, Perry A, Bastrom T, Lenke L, Betz R, Clements D, D'Andrea L. Predictors of change in post-operative pulmonary impairment in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis-A prospective study of two hundred and fifty-four patients. Spine (submitted August 2006).

12. Buchowski JM*, Lenke LG, Kuhns CA*, Lehman Jr. RA*, Seshadri VÂ¥, Sides B, Bridwell KH. Infections following spinal deformity surgery: a twenty-year assessment of 2876 patients. Spine (submitted August 2006).

13. Lehman RA*, Lenke LG. Use of artificial disc arthroplasty distal to long segment posterior spinal fusion. Spine (submitted September 2006).

14. Engsberg JR, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Uhrich ML, Trout CM. Relationships between spinal landmarks and skin surface markers. Spine (submitted October 2006).

Non-Peer Reviewed Publications
1. Lenke LG, Schoenecker PL, Gilula LA. Imaging rounds #104. Congenital dislocation of the patella. Orthop Rev 1990;19(10):919-22

2. Lenke LG, Schoenecker PL, Gilula LA. Imaging rounds #105. Congenital dislocation of the knee. Orthop Rev 1991;20(3):295-6, 304, 305

3. Lenke LG, Schoenecker PL, Gilula LA. Imaging rounds #105. Congenital dislocation of the knee. Orthop Rev 1991;20(4):311

4. Gaehle KE, Moore S, Weindel J, Steiner LA, Lenke LG. Adult lumbar scoliosis. Treatment with combined anterior-posterior spinal fusion. AORN J 1991;54(3):546-50, 552-6, 538-60

5. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Achieving coronal balance using Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation (C-DI). VIIIth International Congress on C D Instrumentation. Sauramps Medical, France, 1991;27-32

6. Gaehle KE, Moore S, West S, Weindel J, Lenke LG. Thoracolumbar burst fractures. Surgical intervention from a nursing perspective. Case Reports. AORN J 1992;55(3):721-31

7. Joyce ME‡, O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Lou J, Bridwell KH. Characterization of cellular and molecular events in acute spinal cord injury. Spinal Frontiers 1994;1(2):1-12

8. Lenke LG, Moore S, Gaehle KE, West S. Lumbar disc herniations. New treatment modalities. AORN J 1994;59(6):1230-8, 1241-3, 1246-8

9. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Prevention and treatment of decompensation. When can levels be saved and selective fusion be performed in idiopathic scoliosis? Spine, State of the Art Reviews 1994;8(3):643-58

10. Gaddy BC‡, Lenke LG, Gilula LA. A 13-year-old boy with rapidly progressive spinal deformity. Am J Orthop 1995;24(5):437-41

11. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Biomechanical considerations in the correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Current concepts and controversies in spinal biomechanics. Spine, State of the Art Reviews. AA Merola and TR Haher (eds.), Hanley and Belfus, Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1996;10(3):409-31

12. Lenke LG. Post laminectomy cervical-thoracic kyphosis in a patient with Von Recklinghausen disease. Case Discussion. Spinal Frontiers 1996;3(1):1-3

13. Lenke LG, An HS, Labelle HH, Hall J. 1995 Scoliosis Traveling Fellowship Report to the Education Committee. Spine 1996;21(10):1263-73

14. Lenke LG. Point of view: Radiographic standing cervical segmental alignment in adult volunteers without neck symptoms. Spine 1997;22(13):1480

15. Lenke LG. Point of view: Improved accuracy of pedicle screw insertion with computer-assisted surgery. A prospective clinical trial of 30 patients. Spine 1997;22(11):1258

16. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements III DH, Lowe TG, Lenke LG, Huss GK. Anterior instrumentation for thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Sem in Spine Surg 1997;9(2):141-9

17. Lenke LG. Point of View: Reliability of roentgenogram evaluation of pedicle screw position. Spine 1997;22(11):1253

18. Lenke LG. The clinical utility of intraoperative evoked-potential monitoring from a spinal surgeon's perspective. Owen JH, Lenke LG (guest eds.), W.B. Saunders, Sem in Spine Surg 1997;9(4):288-94

19. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Harms J, Lowe TG, Clements III DH. Anterior spinal fusion and instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Sem in Spine Surg, Pediatric Disorders of the Spine 1998;10(1):88-94

20. Gelb DE*, Lenke LG, Pond J‡. Dural tear associated with a flexion distraction injury to the cervical spine without neurologic injury. Acta Orthopaedica Belgica 1998;64(2):224-8

21. Molinari RW*, Lenke LG. Nutrition in spine surgery. Curr Opin Orthop Surg, Donaldson W (ed.), Thompson Science Publishers, 1998;9(2):39-42

22. Lenke LG. Anterior spinal surgery for complex primary and revision thoracolumbar problems. Anterior Spinal Column Surgery, Spine, State of the Art Reviews, Devlin VJ (ed.), Philadelphia, Hanley & Belfus, Inc., 1998;12(3):

23. Lenke LG. A new comprehensive classification system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Orthopedics Today 1998;18(8):30

24. Lenke LG. Open thoracic approach to an atypical adolescent idiopathic scoliosis right thoracic curve. Spinal Frontiers Vol. 6, Wenger DR (ed.), 2000;6(1):2-4

25. Price CT, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Betz RR, Clements DH, Harms J, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Cummings RJ, Loveless EA, Mazur JM, Campbell J, Samelson S. Correspondence. Reliability of classification of AIS. J Bone Joint Surg 1999;81A(5):743-4

26. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Lewis SJ*. Management of spinal stenosis and fixed sagittal imbalance. Symposium, New Developments in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis. Hansraj KK, O'Leary PF (eds.), Clin Orthop & Relat Res 1999.

27. Spindler K, Lenke LG, O'Keefe R, DiCeaser P, Laurencin C, Grimard G, Schemitsch E. Report of the 1999 ABC Traveling Fellows. J Bone Joint Surg 1999;82A:437-45

28. Padberg AM, Wilson-Holden TJ, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Letter to the Editor. Spine 1999;24(11):1169

29. Hidalgo-Ovejero AM, Garcia-Mata S, Martinez-Grande M, Izco-Cabezon T, Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Clements DH, Harms J, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL. Letters to the Editor: Classification of thoracic adolescent idiopathic solutions. J Bone Joint Surg 2000;82A:901

30. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Harms J, Clements III DH, Lowe TG, Haher TR, Newton PO, Merola AA, Wenger DR. Anterior instrumentation. Pediatric Spine. Drummond D (ed.), Spine, State of the Art Reviews 2000;14(1):115-26

31. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG. Thoracoscopic spine surgery: current indications and techniques. Orthop Nurs 2000;19(6):15-22

32. Lenke LG. Commentary: Preoperative CT examination for accurate and safe anterior spinal instrumentation with endoscopic approach. J Spine Disord 2002;15(1):51-2

33. Lenke LG. Point of View: Interobserver and intraobserver reliability of the new classification of Lenke et al for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine 2002;27(8):862-3

34. Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Rinella AS*. Treatment of spinal deformity utilizing thoracic pedicle screws. Sem in Spine Surg, Spinal Instrumentation, DW Polly, Jr. and LG Lenke (co-eds.), 2002;14(1):66-87

35. Lenke LG, Rinella AS*, Kim YJ§. Free hand thoracic pedicle screw placement. Sem in Spine Surg, Spinal Instrumentation, DW Polly, Jr. and LG Lenke (co-eds.), 2002;14(1):48-57

36. Rinella AS*, Lenke LG. Complication associated with thoracic pedicle screws. Alex Vaccaro (ed.), Sem in Spine Surg, Complications in Spine Surgery, 2002;14(2):125-35

37. Lenke LG (Moderator), DeWald R, King AGS, Knight RQ, O'Brien MF*. Sacroiliac fixation. Instrumentation, methodology for different pathologies. Spine surgeons discuss the anatomic, biomechanical and technical issues involved. L5-S1 is most difficult level to fuse. Orthopedics Today 2002;22(9):46-54

38. Nimityongskul P, Lenke LG, Lowe T, Bridwell K, Betz R, Clements D, Blanke K. Letters to the Editor. Classifying spinal arthrodesis in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg 2002;84A(5):870-1

39. Pigeon RG, Lebwohl NH, Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Bridwell KH, Clements DH, Lowe TG, Blanke K. Letter to the Editor. Classification system for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg 2002;84A(6):1080-1

40. Lenke LG. Point of View: Thoracoscopic multilevel anterior instrumented fusion in a goat model. Spine 2003;28(14):1620

41. Wenger DR, DeWald R, Lenke LG, Herring T, Tolo V. Who should treat spine deformity in children? Orthopedics Today 2003;23(1):58-63

42. Lenke LG. Point of View: Do you see what I see? Looking at scoliosis surgical outcomes through orthopedists' eyes. Spine 2006;8(24):2705

43. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Clements III DH, Lowe TG, Newton PO. A New Classification of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Sam W. Wiesel, Scott D. Boden (eds.), Lawrence G. Lenke and Peter O. Newton (guest eds.), Sem in Spine Surg 2003;15(3):199-211

44. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Open anterior scoliosis correction for pediatric spinal deformity. Sam W. Wiesel, Scott D. Boden (eds.), Lawrence G. Lenke and Peter O. Newton (guest eds.), Sem in Spine Surg 2003;15(3):236-43

45. Rinella AS*, Lenke LG. Halo traction for treatment of scoliosis. Sam W. Wiesel, Scott D. Boden (eds.), Lawrence G. Lenke and Peter O. Newton (guest eds.), Sem in Spine Surg 2003;15(3):270-82

46. O'Brien MF*, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG. Sacropelvic instrumentation. Anatomic and biomechanical zones of fixation. Sam W. Wiesel, Scott D. Boden (eds.), Timothy R. Kuklo* and Michael F. O'Brien* (guest eds.), Sem in Spine Surg, Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Fixation 2004;16(2):76-90

47. Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*. Sacropelvic fixation techniques in the treatment of pediatric spinal deformity. Sam W. Wiesel, Scott D. Boden (eds.), Timothy R. Kuklo* and Michael F. O'Brien* (guest eds.), Sem in Spine Surg, Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Fixation 2004;16(2):119-25

48. O'Brien MF*, Kuklo TR*, Mardjetko SJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Newton PO, Carmody CN. The sacropelvic unit. Creative solutions to complex fixation and reconstruction problems. Sam W. Wiesel, Scott D. Boden (eds.), Timothy R. Kuklo* and Michael F. O'Brien* (guest eds.), Sem in Spine Surg, Lumbosacral and Spinopelvic Fixation 2004;16(2):134-49

49. Bridwell KH, Kuklo TR*, Edwards CC*, Lenke LG, Berra A. Sacropelvic fixation: iliac and sacral screw indications and placement technique. (White Paper, Medtronic Sofamor Danek, 2004).

50. Lenke LG. RhBMP-2 can lower overall adult idiopathic scoliosis surgery costs. Orthopedics Today 1st on the web October 25, 2005.

51. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG. Thoracic pedicle screw placement: free hand technique. Neurol India 2005;53(4):512-9

52. Lenke LG. Profile. AOSPINE International - InSpine 2006;2(1):12-3

53. Bess RS*, Lenke LG. Blood loss minimization and blood salvage techniques for complex spinal surgery. Neurosurgery Clinics of North America. Peter D. Angevine (ed.), Saunders/Elsevier, Seattle, Washington, 2006;17(3):227-34

54. Angevine PD*, Lenke LG. Thoracic and thoracolumbar idiopathic deformity. Neurosurgery Clinics of North America. Peter Angevine (ed.), Saunders/Elsevier, Seattle, Washington, 2006;17(3):289-98

55. Lenke LG. Point of View: Interobserver and intraobserver agreement of Lenke and King Classification for idiopathic scoliosis and the influence of level of professional training. Spine (in press July 2006).

56. Lenke LG. Virtual roundtable on scoliosis. Orthopedics Today (accepted March 2006).

57. Breakwell LM§, Lenke LG. The Lenke classification of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Coluna/Columna Journal (Brazil) (accepted March 2006).

Text Books
1. Lenke LG. Associate editor, The Textbook of Spinal Surgery, KH Bridwell and RL DeWald (eds.), Lippincott. Vols. 1 & 2, 1997.

2. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Section editors, The Adult and Pediatric Spine for Orthopaedic Principles and Practices, Roger Dee (ed.), C.V. Mosby, 7 chapters, 250 pages, 1997.

3. An HS, Boden SD, Lauerman WC, Lenke LG, McLain RF. Associate editors, The Adult and Pediatric Spine, Third Edition, Volumes 1 & 2. Frymoyer JW and Wiesel SW (eds.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 62 chapters, 1210 pages, January 2004.

4. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J. Editors-in-Chief. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, 48 chapters, 727 pages, February 2004.

5. O'Brien MF*, Kuklo TR*, Blanke KM, Lenke LG. Editors-in-Chief. Radiographic Measurement Manual. Spinal Deformity Study Group (SDSG). Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, Tennessee, 6 chapters, 110 pages, 2004.

6. Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Lenke LG. Editors-in-Chief. Spinal Deformity. A Guide to Surgical Planning and Management. Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, (in progress 2004).

7. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Riew KD. Editors-in-Chief. An Atlas of Spinal Deformity Surgery. Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, (in progress 2004).

Book Chapters
1. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Prevention and treatment of decompensation. When can levels be saved and selective fusion be performed in idiopathic scoliosis? Complex Spinal Deformities, Spine. State of the Art Reviews, Vol. 8(3). Farcy J-PC (ed.), Hanley and Belfus, Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 643-57, 1994.

2. Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Bridwell KH. Fractures and dislocation of the spine. The Handbook of Fractures. CR Perry, JA Elstrom, and AM Pankovich (eds.), McGraw-Hill Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, chapter 14, pp 157-97, 1995.

3. Lenke LG. Combined anterior and posterior techniques to treat thoracic and thoracolumbar burst fractures. The Treatment of Orthopaedic Trauma. Tornetta P (ed.), Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1997.

4. Lenke LG. Basic techniques of posterior segmental spine internal fixation. Textbook of Spinal Surgery, Vol. II. KH Bridwell and RL DeWald (eds.), Lenke LG (associate ed.), Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 121-38, 1997.

5. Lenke LG. Posterior and posterolateral approaches to the spine. The Textbook of Spinal Surgery Vol. II. KH Bridwell and RL DeWald (eds.), Lenke LG (associate ed.), Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 193-215, 1997.

6. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Adult spondylolisthesis with lysis. The Textbook of Spinal Surgery Vol. II. KH Bridwell and RL DeWald (eds.), Lenke LG (associate ed.), Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, chapter 72, pp 1269-85, 1997.

7. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Joyce ME‡. Acute spinal cord injury. Pathophysiology and pharmacologic treatments. The Textbook of Spinal Surgery, Vol. II. KH Bridwell and RL DeWald (eds.), Lenke LG (associate ed.), Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 2361-78, 1997.

8. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG. Fractures and dislocations of the spine. Principles of Orthopaedic Practice. Roger Dee, Enrico Mango, Lawrence C. Hurst (editor), McGraw-Hill, New York, New York, pp 1237-94, 1997.

9. Lenke LG. The pediatric spine. Principles of Orthopaedic Practice. Roger Dee, Enrico Mango, Lawrence C. Hurst (editor), McGraw-Hill, New York, New York. Chapter 75, pp 1387-468, 1997.

10. Lenke LG. Treatment of high-grade spondylolisthesis. Instructional Course Lecture #308. Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 1998.

11. Lenke LG. Curve classification and an overview of surgical management. Instructional Course Lecture #141. An eclectic approach to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgery. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 1998.

12. Lenke LG, Linville DA*, Bridwell KH. Sagittal balance considerations in adults. Revision Spine Surgery. Margulies JY, Abei M, and Farcy J-PC (eds.), Mosby Year Book, pp 752-70, 1999.

13. Lenke LG. Adult scoliosis. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update VI. Beaty JH (ed.), An H (Spine section eds.), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, pp 707-12, 1999.

14. Lenke LG, Sweet FA*. Anterior rod fixation techniques for the thoracolumbar spine. Spinal Instrumentation. An H and Cotler J (eds.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 277-90, 1999.

15. Lenke LG. Cotrel-Dubousset spinal instrumentation. Pediatric Spine Surgery 2nd Edition. Weinstein SL (ed.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 367-416, 2001.

16. Lenke LG. Thoracic pedicle screw placement. Progress in Neurological Surgery Advances in Spinal Stabilization, Vol. 16. RW Haid, Jr., BR Suback, GE Rodts, Jr., (eds.), LD Lunsford (series ed.). Karger, Basel, Switzerland, pp 188-203, 2003.

17. Lenke LG. Thoracic spine: nonoperative treatment. The Failed Spine. Boden S and Bohlman HH (eds.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 119-25, 2003.

18. Lenke LG. Thoracic spine: deformity. The Failed Spine. Boden SD and Bohlman HH (eds.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 135-49, 2003.

19. Betz RR, Lenke LG. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Principles and Practice of Spine Surgery. Vaccaro AR, Betz RR, Zeidman SM (eds.), Mosby, pp 593-608, 2003.

20. Lenke LG, Betz RR. Neuromuscular scoliosis: surgical treatment. Principles and Practice of Spine Surgery. Vaccaro AR, Betz RR, Zeidman SM (eds.), Mosby, pp 609-28, 2003.

21. Lenke LG. Rod rotation. Spine Surgery. Tricks of the Trade. Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ (eds.), Thieme Medical Publishers, New York, New York, pp 100-2, 2003.

22. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Evaluation and surgical treatment of high-grade isthmic dysplastic spondylolisthesis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Donald C. Ferlic (ed.), Rosemont, Illinois, chapter 44, Instr Course Lect 52:525-32, 2003.

23. Lenke LG. A new classification system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Surgical Techniques of the Spine. Haher TR, Merola AA (eds.), Thieme Medical Publishers, New York, New York, pp 118-21, 2003.

24. Lenke LG. Posterior scoliosis correction of King II curves: hooks and rods. Surgical Techniques of the Spine. Haher TR, Merola AA (eds.), Thieme Medical Publishers, New York, New York, pp 145-51, 2003.

25. Lenke LG. Pulmonary and chest cage physiology. Spinal Deformities: The Comprehensive Text. Ronald L. DeWald (ed.), Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., New York, New York, chapter 12, pp 126-34, 2003.

26. Lenke LG. Cerebral spinal fluid physiology. Spinal Deformities: The Comprehensive Text. Ronald L. DeWald (ed.), Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., New York, New York, chapter 14, pp 149-52, 2003.

27. Riew KD, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG. Halo and cranial traction. Spinal Deformities: The Comprehensive Text. Ronald L. DeWald (ed.), Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., New York, New York, chapter 48, pp 487-96, 2003.

28. Lenke LG. Adolescent spinal deformity. Atlas of Minimal Access Spine Surgery, 2nd edition. Regan JJ, Lieberman I (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, pp 115-22, 2004.

29. Lenke LG, Dobbs MB*. Idiopathic scoliosis. Pediatric Spine - editor, Lawrence G. Lenke - The Adult and Pediatric Spine. Frymoyer JW & Wiesel S (eds.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 337-60, 2004.

30. Molinari RW*, Lenke LG. Pediatric spine - Pediatric spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis. The Adult and Pediatric Spine. Frymoyer JW & Wiesel S (eds.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 399-424, 2004.

31. Betz RR, Newton PO, Clements III DH, Lenke LG. Operative techniques for pediatric and adult spinal deformity - Anterior instrumentation for thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The Adult and Pediatric Spine. Frymoyer JW & Wiesel S (eds.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 559-66, 2004.

32. Rinella AS*, Kim YJ§, Lenke LG. Posterior spinal instrumentation techniques for spinal deformity. Masters Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery. Bradford DS & Zdeblick TA (eds.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 231-46, 2004.

33. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J. The Lenke treatment-directed classification system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, chapter 4, pp 51-64, 2004.

34. Lenke LG, Betz RR. Radiographic grading system of scoliosis. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, chapter 5 pp 65-71, 2004.

35. Vedantam RW*, Lenke LG. Pulmonary considerations. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, chapter 7 pp 103-11, 2004.

36. Engsberg JR, Lenke LG. Performance measures in scoliosis surgery. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, pp 135-50, 2004.

37. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG. Single thoracotomy. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, chapter 15, pp 209-24, 2004.

38. Betz RR, Chan DPK, Lenke LG. Overview and indications for anterior instrumentation for idiopathic scoliosis. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, chapter 23, pp 319-27, 2004.

39. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG. Discectomy and fusion. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery, Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, chapter 24, pp 329-37, 2004.

40. Sweet FA*, Lenke LG. Anterior single-rod CD Horizon instrumentation for scoliosis. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, chapter 29, pp 399-409, 2004.

41. Lenke LG. Anterior treatment of scoliosis using the CD Horizon Legacy dual-rod spinal system. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, chapter 33, pp 485-96, 2004.

42. Linville DA*, Lenke LG. Myelomeningocele. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, chapter 44, pp 651-65, 2004.

43. Rinella AS*, Lenke LG. Halo traction following anterior release and fusion for severe scoliosis. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, chapter 45, pp 667-72, 2004.

44. Lenke LG. The future of anterior scoliosis surgery. Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, chapter 48, pp 707-9, 2004.

45. Lenke LG, Woodard EJ, Benzel EC. Fundamental of spine deformity and correction. Spine Surgery - Techniques, Complication Avoidance, and Management. Second Edition, Vol. II. Benzel EC (ed.) Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 1617-27, 2004.

46. Lenke LG. Kyphosis of the thoracic and thoracolumbar spine in the pediatric patient: Prevention and treatment of surgical complications. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, David L. Helfet (ed.), Walter B. Green (series ed.), Rosemont, Illinois, chapter 45, Instr Course Lect 2004;53:501-10

47. Lenke LG. Lenke classification system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Treatment recommendations. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Vincent D. Pellegrini, Jr. (ed.), Rosemont, Illinois, Chapter 51, Instr Course Lect 2005;54:537-42

48. Lenke LG, Kim YJ§. Classification of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Monograph Series 28. Newton PO (ed.), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Illinois, pp 29-36, 2005.

49. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG. Posterior spinal instrumentation techniques. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Monograph Series 28. Newton PO (ed.), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Illinois, pp 37-47, 2005.

50. Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*. Anterior surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Monograph Series 28. Newton PO (ed.), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Illinois, pp 49-67, 2005.

51. Newton PO, Marks MC, Betz RR, Lenke LG. Radiographic and functional outcomes of surgical treatment. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Monograph Series 28. Newton PO (ed.), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Illinois, pp 77-87, 2005.

52. Faro FD, Lenke LG, Newton PO. Pulmonary function in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Monograph Series 28. Newton PO (ed.), American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Illinois, pp 89-94, 2005.

53. Lenke LG. Cotrel-Dubousset Horizon spinal instrumentation. Surgical Techniques in Spinal Instrumentation. Daniel H. Kim, Alex Vaccaro, and Richard G. Fessler (eds.), Thieme Medical Publishers, New York, New York, chapter 83, pp 582-601, 2005.

54. Silva FE§, Lenke LG. Surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Lenke curve types 1 to 6. Surgical Anatomy and Techniques to the Spine. Daniel H. Kim, Jeffrey S. Henn, Alex Vaccaro, Curtis A. Dickman (eds.), Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, chapter 46, pp 406-20, 2005.

55. Okubadejo GO‡, Taylor BA, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Fractures and dislocations of the spine. Handbook of Fractures - third edition. John A. Elstrom, Walter W. Virkus, Arsen M. Pankovich (eds.), McGRAW-HILL Medical Publishing Division, New York, New York, chapter 15, pp 216-47, 2005.

56. Skaggs DL, Flynn JM. Gurus: Emans JB, Lenke LG. Guest Guru: Campbell RM. Section 4: Spine and Hip. Spine I: Staying out of trouble with scoliosis in children. Staying out of Trouble in Pediatric Orthopaedics. David L. Skaggs & John M. Flynn (eds.), Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, chapter 19, pp 258-91, 2006.

57. Peelle MW‡, Lenke LG. Anterior instrumentation. Complications of Spine Surgery. Treatment and Prevention. Howard An & Louis G. Jenis (eds.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, pp 87-96, 2006.

58. Luhmann SJ*, O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG. Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis. Lovell & Winter's Pediatric Orthopaedics, 6th Edition. Raymond T. Morrissy, Stuart L. Weinstein (eds.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Volume II, pp 839-70, 2006.

59. Betz RR, Clements DH, Balsara RK, Newton PO, Lenke LG, Crawford AH. Minimally invasive surgery. Segmental fixation rod and screw technology. Emerging Spine Surgery Technologies - Evidence and Framework for Evaluating New Technology. Terry P. Corbin, Patrick J. Connolly, Hansen A. Yuan, Qi-Bin Bao, Scott D. Boden (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, pp 397-406, 2006.

60. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Harms J, Clements III DH, Lowe TG, Haher TR, Newton PO, Merola AA, Wenger DR. Anterior Instrumentation. Problems in the Pediatric Spine. Drummond (ed.), (in press).

61. Breakwell LM§, Lenke LG. The Lenke classification of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spinal Deformity. A Guide to Surgical Planning and Management. Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Lenke LG (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, (estimated publish date Fall 2006).

62. Lenke LG. Interbody fixation options for deformity. Spinal Deformity. A Guide to Surgical Planning and Management. Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Lenke LG (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, (estimated publish date Fall 2006).

63. Silva FE§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Thoracic PSO vs. SPO for posterior-only treatment of kyphosis. Spinal Deformity. A Guide to Surgical Planning and Management. Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Lenke LG (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, (estimated publish date Fall 2006).

64. Bess RS*, Lenke LG. Combined anterior and posterior approaches for treatment of thoracic/thoracolumbar scoliosis in the adult Spinal Deformity. A Guide to Surgical Planning and Management. Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Lenke LG (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, (estimated publish date Fall 2006).

65. Mummaneni PV, Lenke LG. Anterior lumbar interbody support options (ALIF, PLIF, TLIF). Spinal Deformity. A Guide to Surgical Planning and Management. Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Lenke LG (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, (estimated publish date Fall 2006).

66. Lehman Jr. RA*, Potter BK, Lenke LG. Straight-forward vs. anatomic trajectory technique of thoracic pedicle screw fixation. Spinal Deformity. A Guide to Surgical Planning and Management. Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Lenke LG (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, (estimated publish date Fall 2006).

67. Buchowski JM*, Kristoff Reid, Luhmann SJ*, Lenke LG. Management of high-grade spondylolisthesis. Spinal Deformity. A Guide to Surgical Planning and Management. Mummaneni PV, Haid RW, Lenke LG (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, (estimated publish date Fall 2006).

68. Bess RS*, Lenke LG. The Lenke classification system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spinal Deformities. The Essentials. Robert F. Heary, Todd J. Albert (eds.), Thieme Medical Publishers, New York, New York, (submitted October 2004).

69. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG. Posterior spinal instrumentation techniques for thoracic scoliosis. Spinal Deformities. The Essentials. Robert F. Heary, Todd J. Albert (eds.), Thieme Medical Publishers, New York, New York, (submitted October 2004).

70. Silva FE§, Lenke LG. Posterior instrumentation for thoracic, thoracolumbar, and lumbar scoliosis. Surgery of the Pediatric Spine. Daniel H. Kim, Randal R. Betz, Stephen L. Huhn, and Peter O. Newton (eds.), Thieme Medical Publishers, New York, New York, (submitted December 2004).

71. Silva FE§, Lenke LG. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Essential Concepts of Spinal Deformity Surgery. Errico T, Moulton A, Lonner BS (eds.), Elsevier Science, New York, New York, (submitted December 2005).

72. Daubs MD§, Lenke LG. Placement of upper thoracic pedicle screws. Modern Techniques in Cervical Spine Surgery, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Instructional Course Lectures, (Volume 56), J Bone Joint Surg. J. Lawrence Marsh (ed.), Rosemont, Illinois, (submitted November 2005).

73. Silva FE§, Lenke LG. Spinal anchor strategy placement and rod reduction techniques. Posterior (rotation versus translation). Spine Surgery. Tricks of the Trade - Second Edition. Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ (eds.), Thieme, New York, New York, (submitted January 2006).

74. Buchowski JM*, Lenke LG. The surgical management of post-traumatic deformity. Pediatric and Adult Spine Trauma. Kim D, Ludwig S, Vaccaro A (eds.), Elsevier, New York, New York, (submitted April 2006).

75. Daubs MD§, Kim YJ§, Lenke LG. Posterior spinal fusion with pedicle screws. Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery. Pediatric Orthopaedics. Tolo V, Skaggs D (eds.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, New York, New York, (submitted April 2006).

76. Lenke LG. Foreword. The Pocket Spine. Whitaker C & Hochschuler SH (eds.), Quality Medical Publishing, St. Louis, Missouri, (submitted May 2006).

Papers and Presentations
1. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Capelli A, Blanke K, Baldus C. Analysis of pulmonary function and axis rotation in adolescent and young adult idiopathic scoliosis patients treated with Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation. Scoliosis Research Society 25th Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, September 1990.

2. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C, Schoenecker PL. Results of Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis Research Society 25th Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, September 1990.

3. Owen J, Kai Y, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Oakley D. The use of antidromic sensory activity to monitor multiple nerve root functions simultaneously in animals. Preliminary results. Paper #15, Scoliosis Research Society 25th Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, September 1990.

4. Kai Y, Owen J, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Oakley D. The use of sciatic-NMEPS versus spinal potentials to predict the early onset of neurological deficits when intervention is still possible. Paper #18, Scoliosis Research Society 25th Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, September 1990.

5. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Capelli A, Baldus C, Blanke K. Analysis of pulmonary function and axis rotation in adolescent and young adult idiopathic scoliosis patients treated with Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation. Paper #57, Scoliosis Research Society 25th Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, September 1990.

6. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Capelli A, Baldus C, Blanke K. Results of Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and ability of Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation to preserve distal lumbar motion segments in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #62, Scoliosis Research Society 25th Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, September 1990.

7. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C, Schoenecker PL. Results of Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Federation of Spine Associations 6th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, California, March 1991.

8. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Baldus CR, Blanke KM, Schoenecker PL. Results of Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with minimum two-year follow-up. North American Spine Society 6th Annual Meeting, Keystone, Colorado, August 2, 1991.

9. Sedgewick T‡, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C. Surgical treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis with associated spinal stenosis: the need for transverse process fusion with and without fixation coupled with decompression. North American Spine Society 6th Annual Meeting, Keystone, Colorado, August 3, 1991.

10. Sedgewick TA‡, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C. Surgical treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis with associated spinal stenosis. The need for transverse process fusion with and without fixation coupled with decompression. Paper #22, Scoliosis Research Society 25th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, September 1991.

11. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Preventing decompensation in King Type II and III curves treated with Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation (CDI). 24 to 64 month follow-up. Paper #59, Scoliosis Research Society 25th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, September 1991. Best Research Paper award

12. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Bullis D, Betz RR, Baldus C, Schoenecker PL. Results of in-situ fusion for isthmic spondylolisthesis. Scoliosis Research Society 25th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, September 1991.

13. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Achieving coronal balance in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated with Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation. Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation, VIIIth International Congress, Minneapolis, Minnesota, September 1991.

14. Lenke LG. Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation (CDI) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with minimum two-year follow-up. Clinical Orthopaedic Society 79th Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 19-21, 1991.

15. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C, Schoenecker PL. Results of Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Minimum two year follow-up. Paper #259, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 59th Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 20-25, 1992.

16. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Preventing decompensation in King Type II and III curves treated with Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation (CDI). 24-64 month follow-up. Paper #9, Federation of Spine Associations 7th Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 1992.

17. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C, Schoenecker PL. Results of Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation (CDI) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Minimum two-year follow-up. Paper #14, Federation of Spine Associations 7th Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 1992.

18. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Bullis D, Betz RR, Baldus C, Schoenecker PL. Results of in-situ fusion for isthmic spondylolisthesis. Paper #34, Federation of Spine Associations 7th Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 1992.

19. Lenke LG, Moore S, West S. Anterior decompression and fusion of thoracolumbar burst fractures. Association of Operating Room Nurses, Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, March 1992.

20. Lenke LG. The surgical treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures. National Association of Orthopaedic Nurses, St. Louis Branch, St. Louis, Missouri, May 1992.

21. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Marushack M‡. The surgical treatment of lumbar hemivertebra. Missouri State Orthopaedic Association, Annual Meeting, Lake of the Ozarks, Missouri, June 1992.

22. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Jaffe AS. Effects of spinal surgery on Creatine Kinase MB levels; possible confusion with diagnostic criteria for acute myocardial infarction. Paper #131, North American Spine Society 7th Annual Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, July 9-11, 1992.

23. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C, Schoenecker PL. Ability of Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation to save distal lumbar segments in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 60th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 1993.

24. Lenke LG. The surgical treatment of thoracic and lumbar spinal fractures. The American Fracture Association 55th Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, April 1993.

25. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Blanke K. Recognition and treatment of the proximal thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated with Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation. Scoliosis Research Society 28th Annual Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, September 1993.

26. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K. Preoperative spinal canal investigation in "large" adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves (70º-140º). Scoliosis Research Society 28th Annual Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, September 1993.

27. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Baldus C, Blanke K. The use of fresh frozen allograft for posterior spinal fusions in neuromuscular scoliosis. Scoliosis Research Society 28th Annual Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, September 1993.

28. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Stokes M, Padberg AM. Evoked potential monitoring of upper extremity function during thoracic and lumbar spinal deformity surgery. Scoliosis Research Society 28th Annual Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, September 1993.

29. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, O'Brien MF*, Blanke K, Baldus C. Recognition and treatment of the proximal thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated with Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation. North American Spine Society 8th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, October 1993.

30. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K. Preoperative spinal canal investigation in "large" adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves (70º - 140º). North American Spine Society 8th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, October 1993.

31. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Baldus C, Blanke K. The use of fresh frozen allograft for posterior spinal fusions in neuromuscular scoliosis. North American Spine Society 8th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, October 1993.

32. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Joyce ME‡. Astrocyte Response to spinal cord injury: an immunohistochemical investigation. Cervical Spine Research Society 21st Annual Meeting, New York, New York, December 1993.

33. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Baldus C, Blanke K. The use of fresh frozen allograft for posterior spinal fusions in paralytic scoliosis. Does it work? Paper #442, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 61st Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 24-March 1, 1994.

34. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K. Preoperative spinal canal investigation in large adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves (70º to 138º): is it warranted. Paper #444, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 61st Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 24-March 1, 1994.

35. Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Recognition and treatment of the proximal thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated with Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation. Paper #455, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 61st Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 24-March 1, 1994.

36. Padberg AM, O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Stokes M. Somatosensory evoked potential monitoring of upper extremity function during thoracic and lumbar spinal deformity surgery. A prospective study. Paper #465, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 61st Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 24-March 1, 1994.

37. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Joyce ME‡. Astrocyte response to SCI: An immunohistochemical investigation. #1, American Spinal Injury Association 20th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, April 25-27, 1994.

38. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Padberg A. SSEP monitoring of upper extremity function during thoracic and lumbar spinal deformity surgery: A prospective study. #6, American Spinal Injury Association 20th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, April 25-27, 1994.

39. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Joyce ME‡. Astrocyte response to spinal cord injury: an Immunohistochemical investigation. Group International Cotrel-Dubousset XIth Annual Meeting, Marseilles, France, May 1994.

40. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Posterior spinal fusion supplemented with only allograft bone in paralytic scoliosis. Does it work? Associate of Bone and Joint Surgeons, Carlsbad, California, May 11-15, 1994.

41. Gelb DE*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, McEnery KW. An analysis of sagittal spinal alignment in 100 asymptomatic middle and older aged volunteers (age 39 to 82). What is normal? Paper #3, Scoliosis Research Society 29th Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, September 21-24, 1994.

42. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Anterior fresh frozen structural allografts in the thoracic and lumbar spine. Do they work if combined with posterior fusion and instrumentation in adult deformity patients? Paper #7, Scoliosis Research Society 29th Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, September 21-24, 1994.

43. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Analysis of pulmonary function and chest cage dimension changes following thoracoplasty in idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #25, Scoliosis Research Society 29th Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, September 21-24, 1994.

44. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Blanke K. Prospective analysis of nutritional status normalization following spinal surgery. Risk factors for delayed return to baseline. Paper #27, Scoliosis Research Society 29th Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, September 21-24, 1994.

45. Lenke LG, Padberg AM, Russo MH, Bridwell KH, Gelb DE*. Triggered EMG stimulation threshold for accuracy of pedicle screw placement. An animal model and clinical correlation. Paper #64, Scoliosis Research Society 29th Annual Meeting, Portland, Oregon, September 21-24, 1994.

46. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Analysis of pulmonary function and chest cage dimension changes following thoracoplasty in idiopathic scoliosis. North American Spine Society 9th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, October 19-22, 1994.

47. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Joyce ME‡. Astrocyte response to spinal cord injury. an immunohistochemical investigation. North American Spine Society 9th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, October 19-22, 1994.

48. Padberg AM, Russo MH, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Validity of spinal cord monitoring in neuromuscular spinal deformity surgery. North American Spine Society 9th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, October 19-22, 1994.

49. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Anterior fresh-frozen structural allografts in the thoracic and lumbar spine. Do they work if combined with posterior fusion and instrumentation in adult deformity patients? North American Spine Society 9th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, October 19-22, 1994.

50. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Analysis of pulmonary function and chest cage dimension changes following thoracoplasty in idiopathic scoliosis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 62nd Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, February 16-21, 1995.

51. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Anterior fresh-frozen structural allografts in the thoracic and lumbar spine. Do they work if combined with posterior fusion and instrumentation in adult deformity patients? American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 62nd Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, February 16-21, 1995.

52. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Joyce ME‡. Astrocyte response to spinal cord injury: an immunohistochemical investigation. Federation of Spine Associations, Orlando, Florida, February 21, 1995.

53. Padberg AM, Komanetsky RM, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Russo MH. Neurologic motor evoked potentials. A prospective comparison of stimulation methods. American Society of Neurophysiologic Monitoring, San Francisco, California, May 18-20, 1995.

54. Lenke LG. Sagittal spinal alignment: segmental, regional, and global perspectives. Scoliosis Research Society European Traveling Fellowship, Cappagh Children's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, May 8, 1995, University of Malmo, Malmo, Sweden, May 15, 1995, University of Verona Hospital, Verona, Italy, May 22, 1995, St. Vincent DePaul Hospital, Paris, France, May 24, 1995.

55. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation. 5-10 years experience. Scoliosis Research Society European Traveling Fellowship, University of Malmo Hospital, Malmo, Sweden, May 16, 1995, University of Verona Hospital, Verona, Italy, May 22, 1995, St. Vincent DePaul Hospital, Paris, France, May 25, 1995.

56. Lenke LG, Padberg AM, Russo MH, Bridwell KH. Electromyographic threshold stimulation for accuracy of lumbar pedicle screw placement. An animal model and clinical correlation. Scoliosis Research Society European Traveling Fellowship, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, England, May 11, 1995.

57. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Chapman MP*, Hamill CL*. Results of three treatment methods for idiopathic thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis. Can we lordose the spine with Zielke instrumentation? Scoliosis Research Society European Traveling Fellowship, Langensteinbach, Germany, May 19, 1995.

58. Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Bridwell KH. MRI investigation in "large" adolescent idiopathic scoliosis preoperatively. Is it mandatory? Scoliosis Research Society European Traveling Fellowship, Trousseau Hospital, Paris, France, May 24, 1995.

59. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C, Weston J. 5-10 year follow-up of CD Instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis Research Society 30th Annual Meeting, Asheville, North Carolina, September 13-17, 1995.

60. Hamill CL*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Chapman MP*, Blanke K, Baldus C. The use of pedicle screw fixation to improve correction in the lumbar spine of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis Research Society 30th Annual Meeting, Asheville, North Carolina, September 13-17, 1995.

61. Chapman MP*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Hamill CL*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Assignment of risk factors for transition syndrome: an analysis of patients who broke down above or below a solid fusion. Scoliosis Research Society 30th Annual Meeting, Asheville, North Carolina, September 13-17, 1995.

62. Hamill CL*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Chapman MP*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Posterior arthrodesis in the skeletal immature patient: assessing the risk for crankshaft phenomenon. Scoliosis Research Society 30th Annual Meeting, Asheville, North Carolina, September 13-17, 1995.

63. Padberg AM, Komanetsky RM, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Russo MH. Neurogenic motor evoked potentials. A prospective comparison of stimulation methods. Scoliosis Research Society 30th Annual Meeting, Asheville, North Carolina, September 13-17, 1995.

64. Betz RR, Clements III DH, Harms J, Biedermann L, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL. Anterior instrumentation for correction of thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Shriners Chief of Staff Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, September 1995.

65. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C, Weston J. 5-10 year follow-up of CD instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. North American Spine Society 10th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., October 18-21, 1995.

66. Hamill CL*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Chapman MP*, Blanke K, Baldus C. Lumbar pedicle screws to improve correction in idiopathic scoliosis patients. North American Spine Society 10th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., October 18-21, 1995.

67. Chapman M*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Hamill CL*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Risk factors for transition syndrome: above or below solid fusions. North American Spine Society 10th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., October 18-21, 1995.

68. Chapman MP*, Hamill CL*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Blanke K, Baldus C. Can we lordose the spine with Zielke instrumentation anteriorly? North American Spine Society 10th Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., October 18-21, 1995.

69. Hamill CL*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Chapman MP*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Posterior arthrodesis in the skeletally immature patient: assessing crankshaft risks. North American Spine Society 10th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., October 18-21, 1995.

70. Lou J, Lenke LG, Xu F, Bridwell KH. In-vivo Bcl-2 oncogene neuronal expression in the rat spinal cord. Paper #37, Cervical Spine Research Society 23rd Annual Meeting, Santa Fe, New Mexico, November 30-December 2, 1995.

71. Chapman MP*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Hamill CL*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Assignment of risk factors for transition syndrome. An analysis of patients who have broken down above or below a solid fusion. Paper #51, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 63rd Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, February 22-26, 1996.

72. Lou J, Xu F, Lenke LG. In vivo Bcl-2 oncogene neuronal expression in the rat spinal cord. Paper #422, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 63rd Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., February 1996.

73. Padberg AM, Komanetsky RM, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Russo MH. Neurogenic motor evoked potentials. A prospective comparison of stimulation methods in spinal deformity surgery. Paper #14, American Spinal Injury Association Annual Meeting, Specialty Day, Seattle, Washington, April 1996.

74. Lou J, Lenke LG, Xu F. In vivo Bcl-2 oncogene neuronal expression in the rat spinal cord. American Spinal Injury Association Seattle, Washington, April 1996.

75. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Clements III DH, Harms J, King HA, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL. Using the King classification to classify adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Is it reliable? Paper #1, Scoliosis Research Society 31st Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, September 25-28, 1996.

76. Marsicano JG*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Chapman MP*, Gupta P*, Weston J. The lordosing effect of the OSI frame on operative adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #6, Scoliosis Research Society 31st Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, September 25-28, 1996.

77. Vedantam RW*, Lenke LG, Keeney J‡, Bridwell KH. Standing sagittal alignment in adolescents vs. adults. Are they similar? Paper #14, Scoliosis Research Society 31st Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, September 25-28, 1996.

78. Gupta P*, Tenhula J, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Chapman MP*, Marsicano JG*. Evaluation of neurogenic claudication and functional outcome using the treadmill-bicycle test. Paper #19, Scoliosis Research Society 31st Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, September 25-28, 1996.

79. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Major intraoperative neurologic deficits during spinal deformity correction. Paper #65, Scoliosis Research Society 31st Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, September 25-28, 1996.

80. Gupta P*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Marsicano JG*. Incidence of neural axis abnormalities in infantile and juvenile patients with spinal deformity. Is a screening MRI necessary? Paper #70, Scoliosis Research Society 31st Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, September 25-28, 1996.

81. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements III DH, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL. Prospective comparison of anterior vs. posterior fusion for thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis Research Society 31st Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, September 25-28, 1996.

82. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Clements III DH, Harms J, King HA, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL. Using the King classification to classify adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Is it reliable? North American Spine Society 11th Annual Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, October 23-26, 1996.

83. Gupta P*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Marsicano JG*. Incidence of neural axis abnormalities in infantile and juvenile patients with spinal deformity. Is a screening MRI necessary? North American Spine Society 11th Annual Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, October 23-26, 1996.

84. Gupta P*, Tenhula J, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Chapman MP*, Marsicano JG*. Evaluation of neurogenic claudication and functional outcome using the treadmill-bicycle test. North American Spine Society 11th Annual Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, October 23-26, 1996.

85. Vedantam RW*, Lenke LG, Keeney J‡, Bridwell KH. Standing sagittal alignment in adolescents vs adults. Are they similar? North American Spine Society 11th Annual Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, October 23-26, 1996.

86. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Major intraoperative neurologic deficits during spinal deformity correction. North American Spine Society 11th Annual Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, October 23-26, 1996.

87. Padberg AM, Russo MH, Kunsemiller J, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Wilson TA. The utility of dermatomal somatosensory evoked potentials during spinal surgery. North American Spine Society 11th Annual Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, October 23-26, 1996.

88. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Clements III DH, Harms J, King HA, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL. Using the King method to classify adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Is it reliable? American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 64th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 13-17, 1997.

89. Gupta P*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Marsicano JG*. Incidence of neural axis abnormalities in infantile and juvenile patients with spinal deformity. Is a screening MRI necessary? American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 64th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 1997.

90. Gupta P*, Tenhula J, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Chapman MP*, Marsicano JG*. Evaluation of neurogenic claudication and functional outcome using the treadmill-bicycle test. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 64th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 13-17, 1997.

91. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Major intraoperative neurologic deficits in pediatric and adult spinal deformity patients. Incidence and etiology at one institution. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 64th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 13-17, 1997.

92. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements III DH, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL. Prospective comparison of anterior vs posterior fusion for thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 64th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 1997.

93. Brown CA‡, Hasan SA‡, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Short and long term complications of pediatric pedicle screws. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 64th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 13-17, 1997.

94. Gupta P*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Marsicano JG*, Baldus CR, Blanke KM. Evaluation and treatment of flat-back deformity. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 64th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 13-17, 1997.

95. Padberg AM, Komanetsky RM, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Russo MH. Neurogenic motor evoked potentials. A prospective comparison of stimulation methods in spinal deformity surgery. Paper #14, Federation of Spine Associations (FOSA) - Cervical Spine Research Society Section III, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 64th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 16, 1997.

96. Lou J, Lenke LG, Xu F Bridwell KH. In-vivo Bcl-2 expression in a rat spinal cord injury model. Paper #33, Federation of Spine Associations (FOSA) - Cervical Spine Research Society Section IV, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 64th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 16, 1997.

97. Lenke LG. Assessing the crankshaft phenomenon. Who is at risk? Federation of Spine Associations (FOSA) - Scoliosis Spine Research Society Section, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 64th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 16, 1997.

98. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Major intraoperative neurologic deficits in pediatric and adult spinal deformity patients - incidence and etiology at one institution. Paper #5, Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons 49th Annual Meeting, Scottsdale, Arizona, April 30-May 4, 1997.

99. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Major intraoperative neurologic deficits in pediatric and adult spinal deformity patients - incidence and etiology at one institution. Paper #30, The American Orthopaedic Association, Boca Raton, Florida, June 11-14, 1997.

100. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Clements III DH, Lowe TG, Bridwell KH. Spontaneous lumbar curve response following selective anterior vs posterior thoracic fusion. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 4th Annual Meeting, Bermuda, July 1997.

101. Clements III DH, Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Huss GK. Critical analysis of proximal sagittal contour after correction of thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Anterior versus posterior instrumentation. Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 1997.

102. Brown CA‡, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Hasan SA‡, Blanke K. Pediatric thoracolumbar and lumbar pedicle screws: short and long term complications. Southern Orthopaedic Association, 14th Annual Meeting, Pebble Beach, California, July 1997.

103. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Bridwell KH, Clements III DH, Lowe TG. A new and reliable three-dimensional classification system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #4, Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 25-27, 1997.

104. Vedantam RW*, Lenke LG, Haas J‡, Linville DA*, Bridwell KH. A prospective evaluation of pulmonary function in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis relative to surgical approach for spinal fusion. Paper #8, Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 25-27, 1997. Hibbs award winner, 2nd place

105. Padberg AM, Wilson-Holden TJ, Lenke LG, Russo MH, Bridwell KH. Somatosensory and motor evoked potential monitoring without a wake-up test during idiopathic scoliosis surgery. An accepted standard of care? Paper #13, Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 25-27, 1997.

106. Linville DA*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Vedantam RW*, Leicht P. Complications in the adult spinal deformity patient having combined surgery. Does "revision" increase the risk? Paper #18, Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 25-27, 1997.

107. Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Lenke LG, Blanke K. Patient/parent satisfaction with results of surgical treatment of spinal deformities in patients with progressive flaccid neuromuscular (spinal muscular atrophy and Duchenne's muscular dystrophy) disorders. Paper #64, Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 25-27, 1997.

108. Clements III DH, Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Huss GK. Critical analysis of proximal sagittal contour after correction of thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Anterior vs. posterior instrumentation. Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 25-27, 1997.

109. Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Iffrig TM, Lenke LG, Blanke K. Patient/parent satisfaction with results of surgical treatment of spinal deformities in patients with progressive flaccid neuromuscular (spinal muscular atrophy and Duchenne's muscular dystrophy) disorders. 20th Century Orthopaedic Association, Ponte Vedra, Florida, October 1-5, 1997.

110. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Bridwell KH, Clements III DH, Lowe TG, and the Harms Study Group. Spontaneous lumbar curve correction following selective fusion in idiopathic scoliosis. North American Spine Society 12th Annual Meeting, New York, New York, October 22-25, 1997.

111. Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Lenke LG, Blanke K. Patient/parent satisfaction with surgical treatment of flaccid neuromuscular spinal deformities. North American Spine Society 12th Annual Meeting, New York, New York, October 22-25, 1997.

112. Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements III DH, Jeszenszky D. Anterior rigid rod instrumentation for thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. North American Spine Society 12th Annual Meeting, New York, New York, October 22-25, 1997.

113. Lenke LG, Brown CA‡, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Pediatric thoracolumbar and lumbar pedicle screws. short and long term complications. Southern Orthopaedic Association 14th Annual Meeting, Pebble Beach, California, July 1997.

114. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Clements III DH, Lowe TG, Bridwell KH. A new and reliable comprehensive classification system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #19, International Meeting of Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 5th Annual Meeting, Sorrento, Italy, May 1-3, 1998.

115. Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Iffrig TM, Lenke LG, Blanke K. Patient/parent analysis of results of surgical treatment of spinal deformities is patients with progressive flaccid neuromuscular (Duchenne's muscular dystrophy and spinal muscular atrophy) disorders. The American Orthopaedic Association 111th Annual Meeting, Asheville, North Carolina, June 3-6, 1998.

116. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Bridwell KH, Clements III DH, Lowe TG. Spontaneous lumbar curve correction following selective anterior or posterior thoracic fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #8, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998.

117. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Harms J, Clements III DH, Lowe TG. The effect of continued spinal growth on sagittal contour in patients treated by anterior instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #10, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998.

118. Molinari RW*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Ungacta FF‡, Riew KD. Complications with surgical treatment of pediatric high-grade isthmic dysplastic spondylolisthesis. A comparison of 3 surgical approaches. Paper #23, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998. Hibbs award nominee

119. Booth KC*, Bridwell KH, Eisenberg BAÂ¥, Baldus C, Lenke LG. Minimum 5 year results of degenerative spondylolisthesis treated with decompression & instrumented posterior fusion. Paper #24, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998. Hibbs award nominee

120. Sweet FA*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K. Maintaining lumbar lordosis with anterior convex compressive spinal instrumentation. Paper #31, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998.

121. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Clements III DH, Lowe TG, Merola AA, Haher TR, Harms J, Huss GK, Blanke K, McGlothlen S. Do radiographic parameters correlate with clinical outcomes in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis? Paper #37, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998.

122. Polly Jr. DW, Cunningham BW, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Oda I, Klemme WR. Biomechanical analysis of anterior scoliosis constructs using intervertebral cages. Paper #43, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998.

123. Booth KC*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Complications and predictive factors for the successful treatment of flatback deformity (fixed sagittal imbalance). Paper #61, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998. Hibbs award nominee

124. Eck KR*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Lashgari CJ‡, Riew KD. Radiographic fusion evaluation of anterior titanium mesh (Harms) cages. Paper #66, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998.

125. Riew KD, Hilibrand AS, Bridwell KH, Molinari RW*, Booth KC*, Lenke LG. MR versus CT-myelography: surgical decision making for lumbar stenosis. Paper #67, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998.

126. Lenke LG, Engsberg JR, Ross SA, Olree KS. Changes in gait as a function of posterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A dynamic evaluation. Paper #70, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998.

127. Wilson-Holden TJ, Padberg AM, Lenke LG, Larson BJ, Bridwell KH, Bassett GS. Efficacy of intraoperative monitoring for pediatric patients with spinal cord pathology undergoing spinal deformity surgery. Paper #74, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998.

128. Booth KC*, Bridwell KH, Eisenberg BAÂ¥, Baldus C, Lenke LG. Minimum 5 year results of degenerative spondylolisthesis treated with decompression & instrumented posterior fusion. Paper #2, North American Spine Society 13th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, October 28-31, 1998.

129. Wilson-Holden TJ, Padberg AM, Larsen BJ, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Efficacy of intraoperative monitoring for patients with spinal cord pathology. North American Spine Society 13th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, October 28-31, 1998.

130. Polly Jr. DW, Cunningham BW, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Oda I, Klemme WR. Biomechanical analysis of anterior scoliosis constructs using intervertebral cages. North American Spine Society 13th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, October 28-31, 1998.

131. Riew KD, Hilibrand AS, Bridwell KH, Molinari RW*, Booth KC*, Lenke LG. MR versus CT-Myelography. Surgical decision making for lumbar stenosis. North American Spine Society 13th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, October 28-31, 1998.

132. Riew KD, Hilibrand AS, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Lauryssen C, Löfgren S. Surgical planning for cervical spondylotic disease: are MRI and myelo-CT both necessary? Cervical Spine Research Society 26th Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, December 3-5, 1998.

133. Polly DW, Kuklo TR*, Cunningham BW, Lenke LG, Oda I, Klemme WR. Biomechanical analysis of anterior thoracic scoliosis constructs: effect of rod diameter and intervertebral cages. Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons (SOMOS) 40th Annual Meeting, Vail, Colorado, December 8, 1998.

134. Clements III DH, Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Huss GK. Critical analysis of proximal sagittal contour after correction of thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Anterior versus posterior instrumentation. Combined meeting, Orthopaedic Associations of the English Speaking Worlds, Auckland, New Zealand, 1998.

135. Booth KC*, Bridwell KH, Eisenberg BAÂ¥, Baldus C, Lenke LG. Minimum 5-year results of degenerative spondylolisthesis treated with decompression and instrumented posterior fusion. Paper #39, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 66th Annual Meeting, Annual Meeting Anaheim, California, February 4-8, 1999.

136. Hilibrand AS, Riew KD, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Variability in surgical decision-making for lumbar stenosis. Paper #43, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 66th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, California, February 4-8, 1999.

137. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Bridwell KH, Clements III DH, Lowe TG. Spontaneous lumbar curve correction following selective anterior or posterior thoracic fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #105, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 66th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, California, February 4-8, 1999.

138. Wilson-Holden TJ, Padberg AM, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Bassett GS, Larsen BJ. Efficacy of intraoperative monitoring for pediatric patients with spinal cord pathology undergoing spinal deformity surgery. Paper #106, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 66th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, California, February 4-8, 1999.

139. Molinari RW*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Ungacta FF‡, Riew KD. Complications with surgical treatment of pediatric high-grade isthmic dysplastic spondylolisthesis. A comparison of 3 surgical approaches. Paper #110, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 66th Annual Meeting Anaheim, California, February 4-8, 1999.

140. Booth KC*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Complications and predictive factors for the successful treatment of flatback deformity (fixed sagittal imbalance). Paper #158, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 66th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, California, February 3-8, 1999.

141. Lenke LG. Perioperative halo traction on screw pediatric spinal deformity. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons ABC Traveling Fellowship, Stanmore Hospital, University of London, April 1999.

142. Lenke LG. Algorithm approach to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons ABC Traveling Fellowship, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom, April 1999, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, May 1999.

143. Lenke LG. Anterior single solid rod instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons ABC Traveling Fellowship 1999, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom, April 1999, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom, April 1999, University of Christchurch, Christchurch, New Zealand, May 1999.

144. Lenke LG. Long fusions to the sacrum. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons ABC Traveling Fellowship, 1999, University of Perth, Perth, Australia, May 1999.

145. Lenke LG, Eck KR*, Bridwell KH, Ungacta FF‡. Radiographic evaluation of anterior titanium mesh (Harms) cages. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons ABC Traveling Fellowship, 1999, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand, May 1999.

146. Bridwell KH, Molinari RW*, Lenke LG, Ungacta F‡, Riew KD. Complications with surgical treatment of pediatric high-grade isthmic dysplastic spondylolisthesis. A comparison of 3 surgical approaches. Paper #20, American Orthopaedic Association, Sun Valley, Idaho, June 5-8, 1999.

147. Bridwell KH, Shufflebarger HL, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Betz RR, Bassett GS, Iffrig T, Baldus C, Blanke K, Whorton J. Parent/patient preference in idiopathic adolescent scoliosis. A prospective preoperative analysis. Paper #2, Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

148. Wilson-Holden TJ, Bassett GS, Parkinson JD, Padberg AM, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. A prospective comparison of neurogenic mixed evoked potential stimulation methods. Utility of epidural elicitation during posterior spinal surgery. Paper #11, Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

149. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements III DH, Merola AA, Haher TR, Newton PO, Wenger DR, Huss GK, Blanke K. Comparison of anterior vs. posterior instrumentation for correction of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Analysis by an objective radiographic scoring system. Paper #17, Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

150. Baumann R, Brown HP, Johnston II CE, Lenke LG, Sanders AE. Selective anterior lumbar fusion in King I curves. When can the thoracic curve be left unfused? Paper #18, Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

151. Graham EJ‡, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Kong Y. Prospective pulmonary function evaluation following open thoracotomy for anterior thoracic spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #21, Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

152. Polly Jr. DW, Lenke LG, Sturm PF, Lauerman W, Sponseller PD, Hanway JD. True King 2 curves. Independent surgeons evaluation of radiographic results of various surgical treatment options. Paper #22, Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

153. Klepps SJ‡, Lenke LG, Bassett GS, Bridwell KH, Whorton J. Prospective comparison of flexibility radiographs in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #24, Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

154. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Mardjetko S, Lowe TG, Kong Y, Eck KR*, Smith DAB. Pedicle screw fixation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Is this an anatomically viable and safe technique? Paper #31, Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

155. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Haher TR, Merola AA, Harms J, Shufflebarger HL, Lapp MA*, Blanke K. Multi-surgeon assessment of a new classification of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Can agreement on classification exist? Variability in surgical decision making in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) circa 1999. Paper #43, Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

156. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Haher TR, Merola AA, Shufflebarger HL. Ability to learn a new classification system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

157. Padberg AM, Wilson-Holden TJ, Bassett GS, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Prospective comparison of the three methods of motor stimulation for NME production. Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

158. Bridwell KH, Shufflebarger HL, Betz RR, Lenke LG. Patient and family expectations in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

159. Riew KD, Yin Y, Gilula LA, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Goette K, Lauryssen C. Nerve root injections prevent surgery for lumbar radicular pain. Paper #65, Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

160. Eck KR*, Ungacta FF‡, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Lapp MA*, Lenke LG, Baldus CR, Blanke KM. Analysis of titanium mesh (Harms) cages in adults with minimum two-year follow-up. Paper #69, Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, September 23-25, 1999.

161. Eck KR*, Ungacta FF‡, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Lapp MA*, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Complication and results (minimum 2-year follow-up) of long adult deformity fusion to L4, L5 and the sacrum. Paper #86, Scoliosis Research Society 34th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, September 23-25, 1999.

162. Hilibrand AS, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD. Variability in surgical decision-making for lumbar spinal stenosis. North American Spine Society 14th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 1999.

163. Klepps SJ‡, Lenke LG, Bassett GS, Bridwell KH, Whorton J. Prospective comparison of flexibility radiographs in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. North American Spine Society 14th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 20-23, 1999.

164. Riew KD, Bridwell KH, Gilula LA, Goette K, Lauryssen C, Lenke LG, Yin Y. Can nerve root injections obviate the need for operative treatment? North American Spine Society 14th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 20-23, 1999. 1999 Outstanding Paper award

165. Eck KR*, Ungacta FF‡, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Lapp MA*, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Analysis of titanium mesh (Harms) cages in adults with minimum two-year follow-up. North American Spine Society 14th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 20-23, 1999.

166. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Lowe TG, Merola AA, Haher TR, Clements III DH, Blanke K, Huss GK. Curve prevalence of a new surgical classification of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. North American Spine Society 14th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 20-23, 1999.

167. Eck KR*, Ungacta FF‡, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Lapp MA*, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Complications and results of long adult deformity fusions to L4, L5 and the sacrum. North American Spine Society 14th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 20-23, 1999.

168. Riew KD, Sweet FA*, Hilibrand AS, Wang J, Kang J, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Plain radiographic assessment of anterior cervical fusion. North American Spine Society 14th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 20-23, 1999.

169. Bridwell KH, Shufflebarger HL, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Betz RR, Bassett GS, Iffrig T, Baldus C, Blanke K, Whorton J. Parent/patient preference in idiopathic adolescent scoliosis. A prospective preoperative analysis. North American Spine Society 14th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 20-23, 1999.

170. Hilibrand AS, Lenke LG, Lauryssen C, Riew KD. Variations in the surgical management of cervical spondylosis. North American Spine Society 14th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 20-23, 1999.

171. Lapp MA*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K, Iffrig T. Prospective randomization of parenteral hyperalimentation for long fusions with spinal deformity. North American Spine Society 14th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 20-23, 1999.

172. Bridwell KH, Shufflebarger HL, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Betz RR, Bassett GS, Iffrig TM, Baldus C, Blanke K, Whorton J. Parent/patient preference in idiopathic adolescent scoliosis. A prospective preoperative analysis. 20th Century Orthopaedic Association, Kona, Hawaii, October 27-30, 1999.

173. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Clements III DH, Lowe TG. Thoracoscopic approach versus open thoracotomy for insertion of anterior instrumentation for the treatment of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Shrine Surgeons Annual Meeting, Tampa, Florida, November 1999.

174. Riew KD, Hilibrand AS, Wang J, Kang J, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Plain radiographic assessment of anterior cervical fusion. Cervical Spine Research Society 27th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, December 16-18, 1999.

175. Lapp MA*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Riew KD, Linville DA*, Eck KR*. Outcomes in adult spinal deformity patients. a comparison of primary to revision patients. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 67th Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, March 15-19, 2000.

176. Lenke LG. Selective anterior instrumentation of TL/L AIS. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 7th Annual Meeting, Barcelona, Spain, July 6-8, 2000.

177. O'Brien MF*, Wood J, Lowe T, Alongi P, Smith DAB, Fitzgerald D, Lenke LG, Mardjetko S. Thoracic pedicle vs pedicle/rib screw fixation: A biomechanical study. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 7th Annual Meeting, Barcelona, Spain, July 6-8, 2000.

178. Lewis SJ*, Lenke LG, Raynor BL, Long J, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Padberg AM. Triggered electromyographic threshold for accuracy of thoracic pedicle screw placement in a porcine model. Paper #10, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

179. Padberg AM, Parkinson JD, Bridwell KH, Wilson-Holden TJ, Raynor BL, Lenke LG, Riew KD. Warning criteria for intraoperative somatosensory evoked potential monitoring data. Experience with 3783 cases. Paper #11, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000. Hibbs award nominee

180. Kuklo TR*, Bridwell KH, Lewis SJ*, Baldus C, Blanke K, Lenke LG. Minimum two-year analysis of sacropelvic fixation and L5/S1 fusion utilizing S1 and iliac screws. Paper #21, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

181. O'Brien MF*, Wood J, Lowe TG, Alongi P, Smith D, Fitzgerald D, Lenke LG, Mardjetko SM. Thoracic pedicle vs pedicle/rib screw fixation. A biomechanical study. Paper #27, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

182. Merola AA, Brkaric M, Haher TR, Lowe TG, Lenke LG, Betz RR, Huss GK, Wenger DR, Newton PO, Clements III DH, Kohani O. A multi-center prospective study of 737 questionnaires utilizing The Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) Instrument for the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #33, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

183. Sweet FA*, Lenke LG, Blanke K, Whorton J, Bridwell KH. Prospective radiographic and clinical outcomes and complications of single solid rod instrumented anterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #37, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

184. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Won DS‡, Graham EJ‡, Sweet FA*, Betz RR, Blanke K. Spontaneous proximal thoracic curve correction in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #40, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

185. Clements III DH, Betz RR, Lowe TG, Lenke LG, Newton PO. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with excessive thoracic kyphosis. Comparison of anterior versus posterior instrumentation for maintaining correction. Paper #41, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

186. Wood J, Lowe TG, Betz RR, Clements III DH, Lenke LG, Newton PO, Merola AA, Haher TR, Wenger DR, Harms J. Large magnitude adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Anterior vs. posterior surgical stabilization. Paper #42, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

187. Bridwell KH, Kuklo TR*, Lewis SJ*, Sweet FA*, Lenke LG. String test measurement to assess the effect of spinal deformity correction on spinal canal length. Paper #56, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

188. Lewis SJ*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. The results and complications of pedicle subtraction osteotomies for the treatment of fixed sagittal imbalance. Paper #74, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000. Hibbs award nominee

189. Bridwell KH, Reitenbach AK, Uhrich ML, Lenke LG, Engsberg JR. Preop gait comparisons between adult lumbar scoliotics and those with able bodies. Paper #82, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

190. Wood J, Harms J, Lowe TG, Betz RR, Clements III DH, Lenke LG, Newton PO, Merola AA, Haher TR, Wenger DR. Large magnitude adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Anterior versus posterior surgical stabilization. North American Spine Society 15th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 25-28, 2000.

191. Lewis SJ*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Pedicle subtraction osteotomies. results/complications in treating fixed sagittal imbalance. North American Spine Society 15th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 25-28, 2000.

192. Lewis SJ*, Riew KD, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Sethi NS‡. Observer variability in the radiographic interpretation of fusion masses. North American Spine Society 15th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 25-28, 2000.

193. O'Brien MF*, Wood J, Lowe TG, Alongi P, Smith D, Fitzgerald D, Lenke LG. Thoracic pedicle versus pedicle/rib fixation. a biomechanical study. North American Spine Society 15th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 25-28, 2000.

194. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Won DS?, Graham EJ?, Sweet FA*, Betz RR, Blanke K. Spontaneous proximal thoracic curve correction following selective fusion of the main thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons (SOMOS) 42nd Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, December 14, 2000.

195. Kuklo TR*, Bridwell KH, Lewis SJ*, Baldus C, Blanke K, Lenke LG. Minimum two-year analysis of sacropelvic fixation and L5/S1 fusion utilizing S1 and iliac screws. Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons (SOMOS) 42nd Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, December 14, 2000.

196. Lenke LG. Classification of AIS and pedicle screw fixation. Instructional Course Lecture - Comprehensive approach to AIS. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 68th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 28-March 4, 2001.

197. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements III DH, Merola AA, Haher TR, Newton PO, Wenger DR, Huss GK, Blanke KM. Comparison of anterior versus posterior instrumentation for correction of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: analysis by an objective radiographic scoring system. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 68th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 28-March 4, 2001.

198. Lenke LG. Thoracic pedicle screws. Federation of Spine Association (FOSA). American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 68th Annual Meeting San Francisco, California, February 28-March 4, 2001.

199. Won DS‡, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Graham EJ‡, Sweet FA*, Betz RR, Blanke K. Spontaneous proximal thoracic curve correction following selective fusion of the main thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. American Orthopaedic Association 34th Annual Resident's Competition, (Co-author DS Won**), Hershey, Pennsylvania, March 30-31, 2001.

200. Lewis SJ*, Riew KD, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Sethi NS‡. Observer variability in the radiographic interpretation of fusion masses. Canadian Orthopaedic Association 56th Annual Meeting, London, Ontario, June 3, 2001.

201. Hanson DS*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhee JM*. Correlation of pelvic incidence with low and high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis. Paper #1, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

202. Hanson DS*, Bridwell KH, Rhee JM*, Lenke LG. Dowel fibular strut grafts for high-grade dysplastic isthmic spondylolisthesis. Paper #4, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 20, 2001.

203. Raynor BL, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Hanson DS*, Padberg AM. Can triggered EMG thresholds accurately predict thoracic pedicle screw placement? Paper #9, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

204. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Morcuende JA, Weinstein SL, Bridwell KH, Sponseller PD. Incidence of neural axis abnormalities in infantile patients diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis. Is a screening MRI necessary? Paper #10, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

205. Wilson PL, Newton PO, Wenger DR, Haher TR, Merola AA, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements III DH, Betz RR. A multi-center study analyzing the relationship of standardized radiographic scoring system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) outcomes instrument. Paper #11, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

206. Yukawa Y§, Lenke LG, Fukui N, Lou J. Optimal treatment timing to rescue neuronal cells from spinal cord injury via Bcl-2 gene transfer in vitro and in vivo. Paper #14, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio September 19-22, 2001.

207. Bridwell KH, Hanson DS*, Rhee JM*, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Correction of thoracic idiopathic adolescent scoliosis with segmental hooks, rods, Wisconsin wires posteriorly. It's bad and obsolete, correct? Paper #33, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

208. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Graham EJ‡, Won DS‡, Sweet FA*, Blanke K, Bridwell KH. Correlation of radiographic, clinical and patient assessment of shoulder balance following fusion versus non-fusion of the proximal thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #34, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

209. Rhee JM*, Bridwell KH, Won DS‡, Lenke LG, Chotigavanichaya C, Hanson DS*. Sagittal plane analysis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The effect of anterior vs. posterior instrumentation. Paper #39, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

210. Merola AA, Brkaric M, Haher TR, Kohani O, Betz RR, Clements III DH, Huss GK, Gilbert E, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Newton PO, Wenger DR, Marks MC. Do outcome parameters correlate with surgical complications utilizing the SRS Questionnaire in the treatment of AIS? Paper #40, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

211. Engsberg JR, Lenke LG, Hollander KW, Reitenbach AK, Bridwell KH. Trunk motion in adolescents undergoing scoliosis spinal fusion. Paper #54, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

212. Bridwell KH, Wagner JM, Uhrich ML, Lenke LG, Engsberg JR. Gait changes as the result of deformity reconstruction surgery in adult female lumbar scoliotics. Paper #62, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

213. White DK, Lenke LG, Kemp JS, Bridwell KH, Blanke KM, Engsberg JR. Can idiopathic scoliosis fusion improve aerobic efficiency during exercise? Paper #70, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

214. Hanson DS*, Bridwell KH, Rhee JM*, Lenke LG, Baldus C. Dowel fibular strut grafts for high-grade dysplastic isthmic spondylolisthesis. North American Spine Society 16th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, October 31-November 3, 2001.

215. Padberg AM, Wilson-Holden TJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Raynor BL, Riew KD. Warning criteria for intraoperative somatosensory evoked potential monitoring data. Experience with 3783 cases. Paper #216, American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

216. Hanson DS*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD. Variability in surgical management of degenerative lumbar scoliosis. Paper #282, American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

217. Burd T‡, Lenke LG, Pawelek L. Upper extremity functional assessment following anterior spinal fusion via open thoracotomy for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

218. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Morcuende JA, Weinstein JN, Bridwell KH, Sponseller PD. Incidence of neural axis abnormalities in infantile patients diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis - Is screening MRI necessary? American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

219. Hanson DS*, Bridwell KH, Rhee JM*, Lenke LG. Dowel fibular strut grafts for high-grade dysplastic isthmic spondylolisthesis. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

220. Rhee JM*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Hanson DS*. The results and complications of pedicle subtraction osteotomies for the treatment of fixed sagittal imbalance. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

221. Tenhula J, Lenke LG, Yukawa Y§, Riew KD. A prospective and comprehensive outcome study of surgically treated lumbar spinal stenosis with neurologic claudication. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

222. Lenke LG, Engsberg JR, Hollander KW, Reitenbach AK, Bridwell KH. Trunk motion in adolescents undergoing scoliosis spinal fusion. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

223. Yukawa Y§, Lenke LG, Tenhula J, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Blanke K. A prospective and comprehensive outcome study of surgically treated lumbar spinal stenosis with neurogenic claudication. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

224. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Rhee JM*, Hanson DS*. Free hand pedicle screw placement in the thoracic spine - Is it safe? American Orthopedic Association /CAO 115th Annual Meeting, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, June 2002.

225. Lenke LG, Yukawa Y§, Fukui N, Lou J. Optimal treatment timing to rescue neuronal cells from spinal cord injury via Bcl-2 Gene transfer in-vitro and in-vivo. American Orthopedic Association /CAO 115th Annual Meeting, Victoria, British Colombia, Canada, June 2002.

226. Lenke LG, Yukawa Y§, Tenhula J, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Blanke K. A prospective and comprehensive outcome study of surgically treated lumbar spinal stenosis with neurogenic claudication. American Orthopedic Association/CAO 115th Annual Meeting, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, June 2002.

227. Sanders JO, Polly Jr. DW, Cats-Baril W, Jones J, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Richards BS, Sucato DJ, and members of the AIS section of the Spinal Deformity Group. An Analysis of patient and parent assessment of deformity in idiopathic scoliosis using the Walter Reed Visual Assessment Scale. Paper #5, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

228. Rhee JM*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K, Berra A. Staged posterior surgery for severe adult deformity. Paper #22, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting in Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

229. Edwards II CC*, Bridwell KH, Patel AA‡, Rinella AS*, Della Rocca GJ‡, Berra A, Lenke LG. Thoracolumbar deformity arthrodesis to L5 in adult scoliotics. The fate of the L5-S1 disk. Is it protected by a deep-seated L5? Paper #24, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting in Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

230. Rinella AS*, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§, Rudzki JR‡, Edwards II CC*, Roh M*, Lenke LG. Late complications of adult idiopathic scoliosis primary fusions to L4 and above - The effect of age and distal fusion level. Paper #25, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

231. Polly Jr. DW, Kuklo TR*, O'Brien MF*, Schroeder TM, Nelson L, Lenke LG. Reliability of radiographic parameters for scoliosis evaluation. Paper #43, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting in Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

232. Kuklo TR*, Lehman Jr. RA, Lenke LG. Preoperative and postoperative CT evaluation of structures at risk with ASF. Paper #44, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

233. Eule JM, Lowe TG, Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Clements III DH, Newton PO, Barmada A, Haher TR, Merola AA. Selective anterior or posterior thoracic fusions in Lenke I adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with lumbar curves greater than forty degrees. Paper #48, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

234. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Steger-May K. Can we predict the ultimate lumbar curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients undergoing a selective thoracic fusion? Paper #49, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

235. Edwards II CC*, Lenke LG, Peelle MW‡, Sides B, Rinella AS*, Bridwell KH. Time dependent response of the unfused lumbar curve after selective thoracic fusion for AIS. 2 -16 year radiographic and clinical follow-up. Paper #50, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

236. Rinella AS*, Lenke LG, Peelle MW‡, Edwards II CC*, Bridwell KH, Sides B. Comparison of SRS Questionnaire results submitted by both parents and patients in the operative treatment of idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #53, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

237. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Cho YS§, Bridwell KH, Riew KDI. Free hand pedicle screw placement in the thoracic spine. Is it safe? Paper #62, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

238. Clements III DH, Betz RR, Newton PO, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Merola AA, Haher TR, Marks MC. Incidence of vascular complications associated with anterior thoracic instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #64, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

239. Bridwell KH, Lewis SJ*, Edwards II CC*, Lenke LG, Berra A, Baldus C, Blanke K. Complications (pseudarthrosis, neurologic deficit) of pedicle subtraction osteotomies for fixed sagittal imbalance. Paper #69, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

240. Betz RR, MacDonald JH, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Newton PO, Clements III DH, Wenger DR, Haher TR, Merola AA, Harms J, Shufflebarger HL. Perioperative complications of spinal fusion for thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #71, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

241. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Sides B, Whorton J, Blanke K. Prospective evaluation of pulmonary function in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis relative to the surgical approach. Minimum 5 year follow-up. Paper #77, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002. Hibbs award nominee

242. Cole J, Murray DJ, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Bassett GS. Use of Amicar vs. Aprotinin during pediatric spinal deformity surgery. Can they help decrease blood loss? Paper #81, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

243. Cole J, Murray DJ, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Bassett GS. Use of Amicar vs Aprotinin during pediatric spinal deformity surgery. Can they help decrease blood loss? North American Spine Society 17th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada, October 2002.

244. Bridwell KH, Edwards II CC*, Patel AA‡, Rinella AS*, Della Rocca GJ‡, Berra A, Lenke LG. Thoracolumbar deformity arthrodesis to L5 in adult scoliosis. The fate of the L5-S1 disk. Is it protected by a deep-seated L5? North American Spine Society 17th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada, October 2002.

245. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Sides B, Whorton J, Blanke KM. Prospective evaluation of pulmonary function in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis relative to the surgical approach. Minimum 5 year follow-up. North American Spine Society 17th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada, October 2002.

246. Kuklo TR*, Lehman Jr. RA, Lenke LG. Preoperative and postoperative CT evaluation of structures at risk with ASF. North American Spine Society 17th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada, October 2002.

247. Kuklo TR*, Lehman RA, Lenke LG. Preoperative and postoperative CT evaluation of structures at risk with anterior spinal fusion. Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons (SOMOS) 44th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, December 10-15, 2002.

248. Polly DW, Kuklo TR*, O'Brien MF*, Schroeder TM, Nelson L, Lenke LG. Reliability of Radiographic Parameters for Scoliosis Evaluation. Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons 44th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, December 10-15, 2002.

249. Edwards II CC*, Lenke LG, Peelle MW‡, Sides B, Rinella AS*, Bridwell KH. Time dependent response of the unfused lumbar curve after selective thoracic fusion for AIS. 2-16 year radiographic and clinical follow-up. Paper #42, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 70th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 5-9, 2003.

250. Edwards II C*, Bridwell K, Patel A‡, Rinella A*, Kim Y§, Berra A, Lenke LG. Long deformity fusion to L5 and the sacrum: risk factors for adverse outcomes. Paper #43, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 70th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 5-9, 2003.

251. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Sides B, Whorton J, Blanke K. Prospective evaluation of pulmonary function in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis relative to the surgical approach. Minimum 5 year follow-up. Paper #45, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 70th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 5-9, 2003.

252. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Steger-May K. Can we predict the ultimate lumbar curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients undergoing a selective thoracic fusion? Paper #48, American Association of Orthopaedic Surgery 70th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 5-9, 2003.

253. Kuklo TR*, Lehman Jr. RA, Lenke LG. Preoperative and postoperative CT evaluation of structures at risk with anterior spinal fusion. Paper #50, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 70th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 5-9, 2003.

254. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Cho YS§, Bridwell KH, Riew KD. Free hand pedicle screw placement in the thoracic spine. Is it safe? Paper #182, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 70th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 5-9, 2003.

255. Edwards II CC*, Bridwell KH, Patel AA‡, Rinella AS*, Della Rocca GJ‡, Berra A, Lenke LG. Thoracolumbar deformity arthrodesis to L5 in adult scoliotics. The fate of the L5-S1 disk. Is it protected by a deep-seated L5? Paper #183, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 70th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 5-9, 2003.

256. Kuklo TR*, Lehman RA, Lenke LG. Preoperative and postoperative CT evaluation of structures at risk with anterior spinal fusion. Eastern and Southern Orthopaedic Association Annual Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, July 31-August 3, 2003.

257. Kuklo TR*, Lehman RA, Lenke LG. Preop and postop CT evaluation of structures at risk with ASF. World Spine II, Chicago, Illinois, August 11-13, 2003.

258. Edwards C*, Lenke LG, Peelle M?, Sides B, Rinella A*, Bridwell KH. Expandable cages for internal augmentation of fractures in the thoraco-lumbar spine. World Spine II, Chicago, Illinois, August 11-13, 2003.

259. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, O'Brien M*, Lehman RA, Schroeder T, Polly Jr. DW. Accuracy and efficacy of thoracic pedicle screws in curves over 90 degrees. World Spine II, Chicago, Illinois, August 11-13, 2003.

260. Faro F, Newton P, Marks M, Wenger D, Betz R, Clements D, D'Andrea L, Lenke LG, Lowe T, Merola A, Haher T. Factors involved in the decision to perform a selective vs. non-selective fusion of Lenke 1B and 1C (King II) curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Paper #24, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 10th Annual Meeting, Rome, Italy, July 10-12, 2003.

261. Tis J, Oswald T, Newton P, Wenger D, Lenke L, Betz R, Marks M. Pelvic influence on lumbar lordosis in thoracolumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #60, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 10th Annual Meeting, Rome, Italy, July 10-12, 2003.

262. Asher MA, Lenke LG, Labelle HHL, Lonstein JE, Brown CW, Stokes IAF, Coonrad RW, Chan DPK, Deinlein DA, Jackson RP, Emans JB, Knight RQ, King HA, Zeller RD. Interobserver and intraobserver reliability of the SRS classification of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #1A, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

263. Asher MA, Lenke LG, Labelle HHL, Lonstein JE, Brown CW, Stokes IAF, Coonrad RW, Chan DPK, Deinlein DA, Jackson RP, Emans JB, Knight RQ, King HA, Zeller RD. Reliability of radiographic measurements in operative AIS performed by members of the SRS working group on 3D spinal classification. Paper #1B, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

264. O'Brien MF*, Kuklo TR*, Richards BS, Lenke LG, Polly DW, Schreiber D, Pinteric R, Schroeder T, Blanke KM, The Spinal Deformity Study Group: AIS section. A Multicenter clinical and radiographic analysis of anterior and posterior surgical techniques for treatment of thoracolumbar/lumbar AIS: The current state of the art. Paper #8, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

265. Satake K§, Lou J, Lenke LG. Migration of mesenchymal stem cells through cerebrospinal fluid into injured spinal cord tissue. Paper #13, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

266. Rinella AS*, Lenke LG, Whitaker C, Kim YJ§, Park SS, Peelle M‡, Bridwell KH. Perioperative halo-gravity traction in the treatment of severe scoliosis and kyphosis. Paper #29, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

267. Lenke LG, Marks M, Blanke K, Sides B, Newton PO, Kim YJ§. Prospective pulmonary function comparison of open vs endoscopic anterior fusion combined with posterior fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #40, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

268. Bridwell KH, Cats-Baril W, Berven S, Glassman S, Farcy JP, Horton W, Lenke LG, Radake T. The validity of the SRS-22 instrument in an adult spinal deformity population compared to the Oswestry and SF-12. Paper #42, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

269. Glattes RC*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rinella A*, Edwards II C*. Proximal junctional kyphosis in adult spinal deformity following long instrumented posterior spinal fusion. Incidence, outcomes, and risk factors analysis. Paper #46, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

270. Edwards II CC*, Bridwell KH, Patel A‡, Rinella A*, Berra A, Lenke LG. Long adult deformity fusions. Is it better to stop at L5 or the sacrum? Paper #48, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

271. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rinella AS*. Pseudarthrosis in adult idiopathic scoliosis primary fusions. Paper #49, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

272. Orchowski JR*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Neurological deficit from a purely vascular etiology after unilateral vessel ligation of segmental arteries during anterior thoracolumbar fusion of the spine. Paper #61, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

273. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Comparative analysis of pedicle screw versus hook instrumentation in posterior spinal fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A matched cohort analysis. Paper #81, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

274. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Newton PO, Lenke LG, Clements DH, Harms J, Haher TR, Lowe TG, Merola AA, Crawford AH, Sucato DJ. Effects of continued posterior spinal growth on sagittal contour after anterior spinal fusion with instrumentation of different sizes for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #82, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

275. Engsberg JR, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Uhrich M, Ross S. Prospective evaluation of gait and trunk range of motion (ROM) following anterior or posterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Paper #86, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

276. Lenke LG, Blanke K, Sides B, Steger-May K, Bridwell KH, Satake K§, Kim YJ§. Can we predict postoperative disc wedging below anterior instrumented thoracolumbar/lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis fusions? Paper #88, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec City, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

277. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Comparative analysis of pedicle screw versus hook instrumentation in posterior spinal fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A matched cohort analysis. North American Spine Society 18h Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, October 21-25, 2003.

278. Orchowski JR*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Neurological Deficit from a purely vascular etiology after unilateral vessel ligation of segmental arteries during anterior thoracolumbar fusion of the spine North American Spine Society 18th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, October 21-25, 2003.

279. Glattes RC*, Bridwell KH, Rinella AS*, Edwards II CC*, Lenke LG. An analysis of proximal junctional kyphosis after posterior spinal fusion for adult spinal deformity. Paper #126, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 71st Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, March 11, 2004.

280. Spencer UM*, Padberg AM, Raynor BL, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Lumbar root deficits undetected by monitoring for complex spinal surgeries. A ten-year experience. Paper #127, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 71st Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, March 11, 2004.

281. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Pseudarthrosis in adult idiopathic scoliosis primary fusions. Paper #254, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 71st Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, March 12, 2004.

282. Lenke LG. Can we predict postoperative disc wedging below anterior instrumented thoracolumbar/lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis fusion? Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North American POSNA Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, April 29-May 1, 2004.

283. Lenke LG. Comparative analysis of pedicle screw versus hook instrumentation in posterior spinal fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North American POSNA Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, April 29-May 1, 2004.

284. Cheng I*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Hurford Jr. RK*, Lee SS*, Chen R‡. Use of bone morphogenetic protein-2 for anterior and posterior adult spinal deformity fusion. Paper #3, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

285. Potter BK, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG. Radiographic outcomes of anterior spinal fusion versus posterior spinal fusion with thoracic pedicle screws for treatment of Lenke Type I adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves. Paper #34, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

286. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Cheh G§, Riew KD. CT scan accuracy of "free hand" pedicle screw placement technique in spinal deformity. An analysis of 789 pedicle screws. Paper #38, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

287. Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Kuklo TR*, Polly Jr. DW, Richards BS, Sucato DJ. Indications for circumferential fusion surgery in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A multicenter analysis. Paper #40, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

288. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Polly Jr. DW, Sucato D, Richards BD, Lubicky J, Ibraham K, Kawakami N, King A. The relationship between the lowest instrumented (LIV), stable (SV), and lowest end vertebra (LEV) in "single overhang" thoracic and thoracolumbar/lumbar AIS. Anterior vs Posterior techniques. Paper #42, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

289. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Peelle MW‡, Bridwell KH. Selective thoracic fusion for AIS with lumbar C modifier curves. Comparison of hooks versus pedicle screws. Paper #44, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

290. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§. Bilateral apical vertebral derotational pedicle screw instrumentation in the posterior spinal fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Comparison with pedicle screw translational techniques. Paper #47, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

291. Newton PO, Marks M, Betz RR, D'Andrea LP, Clements III DH, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Letko LJ, Haher TR, Merola AA, Crawford AH. Outcomes of surgical treatment in males vs female adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. Paper #48. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

292. Lenke LG, Eisermann L, Bilancini M, Kayanja M, Zhang J, Ferrara L. Biomechanics of disc arthroplasty placed below a simulated long spinal fusion construct. Is it stable and feasible? Paper #68, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

293. Cho KJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kamiya M§, Sides B. Selection of the optimal distal fusion level in posterior instrumentation and fusion for thoracic hyper-kyphosis. The sagittal stable vertebra concept. Paper #84, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

294. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Sarwark J, Sucato DJ, Richards BS, Kuklo TR*, Newton PO, Weinstein SL, Diab M, Suk SI. A multicenter clinical and radiographic analysis of anterior and posterior surgical techniques for treatment of "single overhang" thoracic AIS. The current state of the art. Paper #85, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

295. Takeshita K§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§, Sides B, Hensley M. Analysis of non-ambulatory neuromuscular scoliosis patients surgically treated to the pelvis with intraoperative halo-femoral traction. Paper #89, International Meeting of Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

296. Lowe TG, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Haher TR, Merola AA, Newton PO, Clements III DH, Crawford AH, Sucato DJ, Letko LJ, Wilson L. An analysis of anterior versus posterior instrumented fusion for thoracic adolescent idiopathic (AIS) curves 70-80 degrees. Are there advantages of one over the other? Paper #1, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

297. Luhmann SJ*, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Schootman M. Thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves between 70 and 100 degrees. Is anterior release necessary? Paper #2, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

298. Cheng I*, Kim YJ§, Gupta M, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Hurford Jr. RK*, Lee SS*. Apical sublaminar wires versus pedicle screws - Which provides better results for surgical correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis? Paper #3, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

299. Lowe TG, Lenke LG, Betz RR, Newton PO, Clements III DH, Haher TR, Merola AA, Crawford AH, Sucato DJ, Letko LJ, Wilson L. Distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) adolescent idiopathic thoracic curves following anterior or posterior instrumented fusion. Incidence, risk factors, and prevention. Paper #5, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

300. Sucato DJ, O'Brien MF*, Lowe TG, Richards BS, Lenke LG. Restoration of thoracic sagittal kyphosis following operative treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A comparison of three surgical approaches. Paper #6, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

301. Kuklo TR*, Potter BK, Polly Jr. DW, Lenke LG. Corrective capacity of monoaxial versus multiaxial thoracic pedicle screws in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #10, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

302. Cho KJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Berra A, Baldus CR. Comparison of Smith-Petersen osteotomies versus pedicle subtraction osteotomies for the treatment of fixed sagittal imbalance (71 patients with minimum 2-year followup). Paper #18, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

303. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cho KJ§. Pseudarthrosis in long adult spinal deformity instrumentation and fusions: risk factors and clinical outcome analysis of 228 cases. Paper #20, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

304. Tsuchiya K§, Bridwell KH, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Baldus CR. Minimum 5-year analysis of L5-S1 fusion using sacropelvic fixation (bilateral S1 and iliac screws) for spinal deformity. Paper #21, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

305. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Kim JH, Cho S¥. Proximal junctional kyphosis in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis following instrumented posterior only spinal fusion. Incidence and risk factor analysis of 328 patients. Paper #29, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

306. Riew KD, Cho YS, Yin Y, Park JB, Gilula LA, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Taylor BA. Effect of nerve root injections on need for operative treatment of lumbar radicular pain, 5-year follow-up. Paper #52, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

307. Thuet E, Padberg AM, Raynor BL, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Taylor BA, Lenke LG. Increased risk of postoperative neurologic deficit for spinal surgery patients with unobtainable intraoperative evoked potential data. Paper #68, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

308. Peelle MW‡, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Sides B. Comparison of Galveston rod vs. iliac screw pelvic fixation techniques in neuromuscular spinal deformity correction. Paper #70, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

309. Kim YJ, Lenke LG, Cheh G, Riew KD. Evaluation of pedicle screw placement in the deformed spine using intraoperative plain radiographs. A comparison with CT scans. Paper #78, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

310. Newton PO, Faro FD, Gollogly S, Betz RR, Clements III DH, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Crawford AH, Haher TR, Merola AA. Pulmonary function in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #95, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

311. Potter BK, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG. Radiographic outcomes of anterior spinal fusion versus posterior spinal fusion with thoracic pedicle screws. Eastern Orthopaedic Association 35th Annual Meeting, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, October 14, 2004.

312. Olsen M, Nepple JÂ¥, Riew KD, Lenke LG, Mayfield J, Fraser V. Independent risk factors for postoperative spinal would infection. Paper #11, North American Spine Society 19th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 26-30, 2004.

313. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cho KJ§. Pseudarthrosis in long adult spinal deformity instrumentation and fusions. Paper #34, North American Spine Society 19th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 26-30, 2004.

314. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Sides B. Prospective pulmonary function comparison of anterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Thoracotomy vs. thoracoabdominal approach. Paper #92, North American Spine Society 19th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 26-30, 2004.

315. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Kim J, Cho SK¥. Proximal junctional change in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis following segmental posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion. Minimum five-year follow-up. Paper #94, North American Spine Society 19th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 26-30, 2004.

316. Cho KY§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kamiya M§, Sides B. Selection of distal fusion levels with reference to the sagittal stable vertebra in posterior instrumentation and fusion for thoracic hyperkyphosis. Paper #108, North American Spine Society 19th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 26-30, 2004.

317. Lehman RA, Kuklo TR*, Potter BK, Polly DW, Lenke LG. Corrective capacity of monaxial versus multiaxial thoracic pedicle screws in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons (SOMOS) 46th Annual Meeting, Vail, Colorado, December 6-10, 2004.

318. Riew KD, Cho YS§, Yin Y, Park J, Gilula LA, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Taylor BA. Effect nerve root injection on need for operative treatment lumbar radicular pain. 5 year follow-up. Paper #184, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 23-27, 2005.

319. Lee SS*, Lenke LG, Peelle MW‡, Okubadejo GO‡, Cheng I*, Hurford Jr. RK*, Bridwell KH, Sides B, Stobbs G. Preserving the degenerated L5-S1 segment in degenerative lumbar fusion surgery in older patients. Paper #187, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting Washington, D.C., February 23-27, 2005.

320. Cho KJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Berra A, Baldus CR. Smith-Petersen versus pedicle subtraction osteotomies for fixed sagittal imbalance. Paper #190, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 23-27, 2005.

321. Newton PO, Faro, FD, Gollogly S, Betz RR, Lenke LG. Pulmonary function in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #287, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 23-27, 2005.

322. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim J, Cho SK¥. Comparison of pedicle screw versus hybrid instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #289, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 23-27, 2005.

323. Cheng I*, Kim YJ§, Gupta MC, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Hurford Jr. RK*, Lee SS*. Apical sublaminar wired vs pedicle screws- which provides better AIS corrective results? Paper #290, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 23-27, 2005.

324. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim J, Cho SK¥. Proximal junctional kyphosis in 328 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis after posterior spinal fusion. Paper #292, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 23-27, 2005.

325. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rinella AS*, Edwards II CC*, Cho SK¥. Pseudarthrosis in 228 long adult spinal deformity segmental instrumented fusions. Paper #298, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 23-27, 2005.

326. Lenke LG. Posterior pedicle screw fixation and posterior spinal fusion without anterior surgery. POSNA Specialty Day American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 26, 2005.

327. Lenke LG. Thoracic decompensation. FOSA Specialty Day American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 26, 2005.

328. Sucato DJ, Newton PO, Betz RR, Picetti III GD, Lenke LG, Hresko MT, Hu SS, Braun JT, Roye Jr. DP. Defining the learning curve for performing a thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion and instrumentation for AIS. A multi-center study. Paper #26, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North American POSNA Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, May 13-15, 2005.

329. Luhmann SJ*, Bridwell KH, Cheng I*, Imamura T§, Lenke LG, Schootman M. Use of bone morphogenetic protein-2 for adult spinal deformity. Paper #26, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

330. Polly Jr. DW, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*. Vertebral number variation and potential impact for wrong level surgery. Paper #29, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

331. Crawford A, Babekir N, Lowe TG, Betz R, Lenke L, Haher T, Merola A, Newton P, Clements D, Sucato DJ, Letko L. Comparison between left and right thoracic curves in idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #30, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

332. Breakwell LM§, Silva FE§, Lenke LG. Are left thoracic curves more kyphotic and stiffer than right-sided curves? Paper #31, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

333. Betz RR, O'Brien MF*, Porter ST, Newton PO, Clements DH, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Harms J, D'Andrea LP (The Harms Study Group). Open anterior spinal fusion for thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). A prospective five-year follow-up. Paper #35, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

334. Luhmann SJ*, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Schootman M. Cost analysis of circumferential fusion versus posterior fusion-only with thoracic pedicle screw constructs of 70-100 degree idiopathic thoracic curves. Paper #37, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

335. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Potter BK, Polly Jr. DW, Sides B, Bridwell KH. Surgical revision rate of hooks versus hybrid versus pedicle screw constructs for AIS. Paper #40, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

336. Clements DH, Marks M, Porter ST, Betz RR, D'Andrea LP, Newton PO, the Harms Study Group. Trunk shape correction and patient satisfaction in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #45, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

337. Lenke LG, Braun JT, Bridwell KH, Dimar JR, Dobbs M*, Glassman S, Hedequist D, Hresko MT, Kuklo TR*, McCarthy RE, Polly DW, Richards BS, Sanders J, Sarwark J, Sponseller P, Sucato D, Weinstein S. Reliability analysis of end, neutral, stable, and lowest instrumented vertebrae selection in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Surgeon versus digital software determination. Paper #46, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

338. Sucato DJ, Lenke LG, Richards BS, Kuklo T*, O'Brien M*, Polly DW, Spine Deformity Study Group. Changes in body mass index in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgical patients. Paper #49, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

339. Bess RS*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Sides B. Comparison of thoracic pedicle screw to hook instrumentation for the treatment of adult spinal deformity. Paper #81, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

340. Kim Y§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim S§, Cheh G§. Thoracic kyphosis progression following long lumbar fusion from the thoracolumbar junction to L5-S1. Paper #21A, SRS Asia Pacific Spine Congress, Jeju Island, Korea, August 25-27, 2005.

341. Yang Y§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Stobbs G. The impact of the lumbar spine modifier and thoracic sagittal profile on the main thoracic component of a Lenke type I scoliosis. Paper #54, SRS Asia Pacific Spine Congress, Jeju Island, Korea, August 25-27, 2005.

342. Yang Y§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD. The association of hip arthroplasty in adjacent segment degeneration after fusion of degenerative spinal disorder - a case control study. Paper #27A, SRS Asia Pacific Spine Congress, Jeju Island, Korea, August 25-27, 2005.

343. Breakwell LM§, Marks DS, Thompson AG, Betz RR, D'Andrea LP, Lenke LG. Complications of scoliosis surgery in Prader-Willi syndrome patients. Paper #22, Spine Society of Europe 14th Annual Meeting, Barcelona, Spain, September 21, 2005.

344. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim SC§, Cheh G§. Sagittal thoracic decompensation (STD) following adult lumbar spinal instrumentation and fusion to L5 or S1. Causes, incidence, and risk factors analysis. Paper #28, Spine Society of Europe 14th Annual Meeting, Barcelona, Spain, September 21, 2005.

345. Lee SS*, Lenke LG, Peelle MW‡, Okubadejo GO‡, Cheng I*, Hurford Jr. RK*, Bridwell KH, Sides B, Stobbs G. Preserving the degenerated L5-S1 segment in degenerative lumbar fusion surgery in an older patient population: is it possible? North American Spine Society 20th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 27-October 1, 2005.

346. Cheh G§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§. Decompression only vs. decompression and limited fusion for the treatment of degenerative lumbar scoliosis. North American Spine Society 20th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 27-October 1, 2005.

347. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§. Bilateral apical vertebral derotational pedicle screw instrumentation in the posterior spinal fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A comparison with translational instrumentation technique. North American Spine Society 20th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 27-October 1, 2005.

348. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG. Selective posterior thoracic fusions for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. comparison of hooks versus pedicle screws. Paper #4, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

349. Vora V, Crawford AH, Babekir N, Boachie-Adjei O, Lenke LG, Peskin M, Charles G, Kim YJ§. A pedicle screw construct gives an enhanced posterior correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis when compared to other constructs - Myth or reality? Paper #5, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

350. Lowe TG, Chien JT, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Newton PO, Clements III DH, Crawford AH, Letko LJ. The surgical treatment of double thoracic curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis - Factors involved in the decision to perform a selective fusion of the main thoracic curve versus a posterior fusion. Paper #6, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

351. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Cho SK¥, Ramo B¥, Yoon JY. Sagittal plane analysis following posterior segmental spinal instrumentation. Paper #7, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

352. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Comparison of combined anterior/posterior spinal fusion versus posterior fusion alone for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic curves greater than 90 degrees. Paper #8, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

353. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim SC§, Cheh G§. When fusing from the thoracolumbar junction to L5-S1, how much lordosis is ideal? Paper #17, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

354. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim SC§, Cheh G§. Sagittal thoracic decompensation (STD) following adult lumbar spinal instrumentation and fusion to L5 or S1. Causes, incidence, and risk factors analysis. Paper #33, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

355. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim SC§, Cheh G§. Pseudarthrosis in long adult spinal deformity instrumentation and fusions to the sacrum. Incidence and risk factor analysis of 149 cases. Paper #34, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

356. Schroeder TM, Blanke KM, Kuklo TR*, Vaughan A, Morrison MM, Polly Jr. DW, Lenke LG, Richards III BS. Validation of radiographic software to determine Lenke classification. Paper #54, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

357. Takeshita K§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ, Sides B, Hensley M. Analysis on non-ambulatory neuromuscular scoliosis patients surgically treated to the pelvis with intraoperative halo-femoral traction. Paper #66, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

358. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Sides B. Prospective pulmonary function comparison following posterior spinal fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Is there a relationship between main thoracic curve correction and PFT improvement? Paper #70, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

359. Kishan S, Newton PO, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements III DH, D'Andrea LP, Sucato DJ. Thoracoscopic anterior instrumentation affects pulmonary function less than open thoracotomy at two years postop. Paper #71, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

360. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Sides B. Prospective pulmonary function comparison of anterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Thoracotomy vs thoracoabdominal approach. Paper #73, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

361. Lee SS*, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Valenté L, Bridwell KH, Sides B, Blanke KM. Comparison of Scheuermann's Kyphosis correction by posterior only thoracic pedicle screw fixation vs. combined anterior/posterior fusion. Paper #75, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

362. Lonner BS, Scharf C, Newton PO, O'Brien MF*, Sponseller PD, Lenke LG, Crawford AH, Letko LJ, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL. Operative management of Scheuermann's kyphosis in 78 patients. Paper #76, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

363. Raynor BL, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Taylor BA, Padberg AM. Correlation between low triggered EMG thresholds & lumbar pedicle screw malposition. Analysis of 4587 screws. Paper #83, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

364. Hurford Jr. RK*, Lenke LG, Lee SS*, Cheng I*, Sides B, Bridwell KH. Prospective radiographic and clinical outcomes of dual rod instrumented anterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Comparison with single rod constructs. Paper #89, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

365. Bess RS*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Steger-May K, Hensley M. Wasting of preoperatively donated autologous blood in the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #94, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 27-30, 2005.

366. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG. Anterior/posterior fusion versus posterior fusion for the treatment of severe pediatric scoliosis. Paper #332, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

367. Vora V, Crawford AH, Babekir N, Boachie-Adjei O, Perkins M, Charles G, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§. A pedicle screw construct gives an enhanced posterior correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis when compared to other constructs - Myth or reality. Paper #334, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

368. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Potter BK, Polly Jr. DW, Schroeder TM. Surgical revision rate of hooks versus hybrid versus pedicle screws in AIS. Paper #338, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

369. Lonner B, Lowe TG, Newton PO, O'Brien MF*, Sponseller PD, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Crawford AH, Letko LJ, Shufflebarger HL. Operative management of Scheuermann's kyphosis in 78 patients. Outcomes, complications, and technique. Paper #340, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

370. Lee SS*, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Valenté L, Bridwell KH, Sides B, Blanke K. Posterior only pedicle screw fusion vs. anterior/posterior hybrid fusion in Scheuermann's kyphosis. Paper #341, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

371. Sucato DJ, Newton PO, Betz RR, Picetti III GD, Lenke LG, Hresko MT, Hu SS, Braun JT, Roye Jr. DP. Learning curve for thoracoscopic anterior fusion and instrumentation for AIS. A multi-center study. Paper #414, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

372. Kishan S, Newton PO, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements III DH, D'Andrea LP, Sucato DJ. Thoracoscopic anterior scoliosis instrumentation improves pulmonary function at two years follow-up. Paper #415, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

373. Newton P, Kishan S, Bastrom T, Betz R, Lenke L, Lowe T, Clements D, D'Andrea L, Sucato D. Thoracoscopic scoliosis surgery affects pulmonary function less than thoracotomy at two years post-surgery. Paper #38, POSNA Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, May 3-6, 2006.

374. Angevine PD*, Bridwell KH, Hurford Jr. RK*, Lenke LG, Baldus C. Enhancement of lumbar lordosis with titanium mesh cages (ALIF) in adult deformity patients. Paper #34, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

375. Watanabe K§, Lenke LG, Daubs MD§, Bridwell KH, Stobbs G, Hensley M. Avoiding screw fixation failure during osteotomy closure with the use of a central hook/rod construct. Paper #51, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

376. Newton PO, Perry A, Bastrom T, Lenke LG, Betz RR, Clements DH, D'Andrea LP, Harms Study Group. Factors that influence two-year pulmonary function testing after surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A prospective study of 269 patients. Paper #59, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

377. Angevine PD*, Lenke LG, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Cost-offset analysis of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in primary surgery for adult idiopathic scoliosis. Is it worth it? Paper #100, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

378. Daubs MD§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Cheh G§, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Does correction of preoperative coronal imbalance make a difference in outcomes of adult deformity patients? Paper #107, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

379. Clements DH, Marks MC, Newton PO, Betz RR, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Lowe TG, Harms Study Group. Analysis of adherence to Lenke classification treatment algorithm recommendations. Paper #127, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

380. Lenke LG, Sucato DJ, Emans JB, Richards BS, Kuklo TR*, McCarthy RE, Diab M. Prospective multicenter evaluation of fusion level selection in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Are the Lenke classification rules still followed? Paper #128, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

381. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Kim YB§, Sides B. Adverse impact of resection thoracoplasty following posterior segmental spinal instrumentation of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #129, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

382. Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Sucato DJ, Richards BS, Emans JB, Sides B. Comparison of the lower-end vertebra (LEV) to the lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A role for the addition of an LEV modifier to the Lenke Classification System. Paper #131, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

383. Kuhns CA*, Lenke LG, Buchowski JM*, Lehman RA*, Rajan S, Amor CJ, Lee SS*, Kuklo TR*, Bridwell KH. Prediction of kyphosis correction based on the hyperextension lateral radiograph. Paper #132, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

384. Lehman Jr. RA*, Lenke LG, Keeler KA?, Kim YJ§, Cheh G§, Buchowski JM*, Kuhns CA*, Sides B, Bridwell KH. Treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with pedicle screw-only constructs. Minimum 3-year follow-up of 114 cases. Paper #1, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

385. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Potter B, Polly Jr. D, Sides B, Bridwell KH. Surgical revision rate of hooks vs. hybrid vs. screws vs. ASF/PSF for AIS. Paper #2, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

386. Glassman SD, Schwab F, Bridwell KH, Ondra S, Berven S, Lenke LG. What adult scoliosis patients choose surgery? Paper #15, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

387. Kim YB§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Kim YW§, Bridwell KH, Stobbs G. Surgical treatment of adult lumbar scoliosis - Is anterior apical release and fusion necessary? Paper #16, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

388. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim S§, Kim YW§. Is the T9, T11 or L1 proximal level the more stable following lumbar/lumbosacral fusions from the thoracolumbar junction to L5-S1? Paper #19, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006. Hibbs award nominee

389. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim SC§, Cheh G§. Proximal junctional kyphosis following adult spinal deformity long posterior segmental instrumentation and fusion. Minimum 5 years follow-up. Paper #20, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

390. Lehman Jr. RA*, Bridwell KH, Keeler KA‡, Cheh G§, Buchowski JM*, Kuhns CA*, Lenke LG. Proximal junctional kyphosis in adult spinal deformity. Comparison of hook vs. pedicle screw constructs. Paper #21, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

391. Kuhns CA*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Thoracolumbar deformity arthrodesis stopping at L5. Fate of the L5-S1 disc with a minimum 5-year follow-up. Paper #22, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

392. Diab M, Kuklo T*, Lenke LG. Neural complications of surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #33, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

393. Buchowski JM*, Lenke LG, Kuhns CA*, Lehman Jr. RA*, Seshadri VÂ¥, Sides B, Bridwell KH. Infections following spinal deformity surgery. A twenty-year assessment of 2876 patients. Paper #34, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

394. Buchowski JM*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Lehman Jr. RA*, Kuhns CA*, Kim YJ§, Steward D, Baldus CR. Neurologic complications of pedicle subtraction osteotomy. A ten-year assessment. Paper #36, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

395. Cheh G§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Daubs MD§, Baldus CR. Risk factors for adjacent segment degeneration following lumbar/thoracolumbar fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation. A minimum 5 year follow-up. Paper #45, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006. Hibbs award nominee

396. Kim YW§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Kim YB§. Free hand pedicle screw placement during revision spinal surgery. An analysis of 552 screws. Paper #52, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

397. Lehman Jr. RA*, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Cheh G§, Keeler K?, Sides B. Computed Tomography (CT) evaluation of pedicle screws placed into deformed spines over an 8 year period. Paper #54, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

398. Watanabe K§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§, Watanabe K§, Hensley M, Stobbs G. Comparison of radiographic outcomes for scoliosis curves ?100 degrees. Wires vs. hooks vs. screws. Paper #57, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

399. Cheh G§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§, Daubs MD§, Stobbs G. Decompression alone vs. decompression with limited fusion for the treatment of degenerative lumbar scoliosis with stenosis. Paper #59, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

400. Daubs MD§, Lenke LG, Cheh G§, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Adult spinal deformity surgery. Complications and outcomes in patients over age 60. Paper #61, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006. Hibbs award nominee

401. Cheh G§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Daubs MD§, Padberg AM, Stobbs G, Hensley M. Loss of spinal cord monitoring signals in children during thoracic kyphosis correction with spinal osteotomy. Why does it occur and what should you do? Paper #62, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006. Hibbs award nominee

402. Watanabe K§, Lenke LG, Daubs MD§, Watanabe K§, Bridwell KH, Stobbs G, Hensley M. Is spinal deformity surgery in patients with cerebral palsy truly beneficial? A patient/parent evaluation. Paper #65, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

403. Kim YB§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Kim YW§, Blanke KM, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. The morbidity of an anterior thoracolumbar approach in adult patients with greater than five-year follow-up. Paper #68, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

404. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cheh G§, Baldus CR. Results of lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomies for fixed sagittal imbalance. A minimum 5 years follow-up study. Paper #74, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006. Hibbs award nominee

405. Okubadejo GO‡, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Buchowski JM*, Fang D¥, Baldus CR. Aprotinin decreases blood loss in complex adult spinal deformity but increases the risk of acute renal failure. Paper #86, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

406. Carreon LY, Puno RM, Lenke LG, Richards BS, Sucato D, Emans J, Erickson M, Bridwell KH. Non-neurological complications following surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #87, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

407. Cheh G§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Lehman Jr. RA*, Keeler K‡, Bridwell KH. The reliability of preoperative supine radiographs to predict the amount of curve flexibility in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #91, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 13-16, 2006.

408. Angevine PD*, Lenke LG, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Cost-offset analysis of bone morphogenic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in primary surgery for adult idiopathic scoliosis. Is it worth it? Paper #12 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

409. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim SC§, Kim YW§. Thoracic kyphosis progression following long lumbar/lumbosacral fusions from the thoracolumbar junction to L5-S1. Paper #22 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

410. Kuhns C*, Amor CÂ¥, Buchowski J*, Lehman Jr. R*, Edwards C*, Lenke LG, Bridwell K. Thoracolumbar fusions stopping at L5: Fate of the L5-S1 disc with a minimum 5-year follow-up. Paper #24 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

411. Lehman Jr. R*, Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Cheh G§, Kuhns C*, Buchowski J*, Keeler K‡. Evaluation of safety and efficacy of pedicle screw placement evaluated by computed tomography (CT): 8-year review. Paper #25 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

412. Cheh G§, Lenke L, Kim Y§, Daubs M§, Padberg A, Stobbs G. Loss of spinal cord monitoring signals in children during thoracic kyphosis correction with spinal osteotomy: Why does it occur and what should you do? Paper #50, to be presented at Spine Society of Europe 15th Annual Meeting, Istanbul, Turkey, October 25-28, 2006.

413. Buchowski J*, Kuhns C*, Lehman Jr. R*, Kim Y§, Lenke L, Bridwell K. Neurologic complications of pedicle subtraction osteotomy: A ten-year review. Paper #64 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

414. Lonner B, Scharf C, Newton P, O'Brien M*, Sponseller P, Betz RR, Lenke L, Crawford A, Letko L, Lowe T, Shufflebarger H, Harms J. Operative management of Scheuermann's kyphosis in 78 patients. Paper #133 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

415. Cheh G§, Lenke L, Kim Y§, Lehman R*, Daubs M§, Nunley R‡, Bridwell K. Use of a supine radiograph to accurately predict structural curve in operative adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #134 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

416. Puno R, Lenke L, Richards S, Sucato D, Emans J, Erickson M. Non-neurologic complications following surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Paper #158 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

417. Buchowski J*, Lehman Jr. R*, Kuhns C*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Infections in spinal deformity surgery: A fifteen-year review. Paper #159 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

418. Cheh G§, Bridwell K, Lenke L, Kim Y§, Daubs M§, Baldus C. Adjacent segment degeneration following lumbar/thoracolumbar fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation: A minimum 5 year follow-up. Paper #160 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

419. Kim Y§, Bridwell K, Lenke L, Cheh G§. Long-term results of lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomies for fixed sagittal imbalance: A minimum 5 year follow-up study. Paper #161 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

420. Kim YB§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Kim YW§, Bridwell KH, Stobbs G. Surgical treatment of adult lumbar scoliosis - is anterior apical release and fusion necessary? Paper #67, to be presented at Spine Society of Europe 15th Annual Meeting, Istanbul, Turkey, October 25-28, 2006.

421. Lehman Jr. RA*, Lenke LG, Keeler KA‡, Kim YJ§, Buchowski JM*, Cheh G§, Kuhns CA*, Bridwell KH. Operative treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with posterior pedicle screw-only constructs. Minimum 3-year follow-up of 103 cases. Paper #69, to be presented at Spine Society of Europe 15th Annual Meeting, Istanbul, Turkey, October 25-28, 2006.

422. Daubs MD§, Lenke LG, Cheh G§, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Adult spinal deformity surgery: Complications and outcomes in patients over age 60. Paper #75, to be presented at Spine Society of Europe 15th Annual Meeting, Istanbul, Turkey, October 25-28, 2006.

Scientific Exhibits/Posters
1. Kai Y, Owen J, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Oakley D. The use of sciatic/NMEPs versus spinal potentials to predict the early onset of neurological deficits when intervention is still possible. Poster, Scoliosis Research Society 25th Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, September 1990.

2. Owen J, Kai Y, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Oakley D. The use of antidromic sensory activity to monitor multiple nerve root functions simultaneously in animals. Preliminary results. Poster, Scoliosis Research Society 25th Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, September 1990.

3. Marushack M‡, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. The surgical treatment of lumbar hemivertebra. Analysis of the technique. Poster, Scoliosis Research Society 27th Annual Meeting, Kansas City, Missouri, September 1992.

4. Marushack M‡, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. The surgical treatment of lumbar hemivertebra. Analysis of the technique. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 60th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 1993.

5. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Baldus C. Degenerative "De Novo" adult scoliosis. Poster, Scoliosis Research Society 28th Annual Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, September 1993.

6. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Baldus C. Degenerative "De Novo" adult scoliosis. Poster, North American Spine Society 8th Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, October 1993.

7. Chapman MP*, Hamill CL*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Blanke K, Baldus C. Can we lordose the spine with Zielke instrumentation anteriorly. Poster Exhibit #9, Scoliosis Research Society 30th Annual Meeting, Asheville, North Carolina, September 1995. John H. Moe award for best poster exhibit.

8. Chapman MP*, Hamill CL*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Results of three treatment methods for idiopathic thoracolumbar lumbar scoliosis. Can we lordose the spine with Zielke instrumentation? Poster, Scoliosis Research Society 30th Annual Meeting, Asheville, North Carolina, September 1995.

9. Chapman MP*, Hamill CL*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Results of three treatment methods for idiopathic thoracolumbar lumbar scoliosis. Can we lordose the spine with Zielke instrumentation. North American Spine Society 10th Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., October 18-21, 1995.

10. Chapman MP*, Hamill CL*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Blanke K, Baldus C. Can we lordose the spine with Zielke instrumentation anteriorly. Poster Exhibit #E44, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 62nd Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, February 25-28, 1996.

11. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Clements III DH, Harms J, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL. Classification of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A new system addressing both coronal and sagittal planes. Poster, Scoliosis Research Society 31st Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, September 25-28, 1996.

12. Clements III DH, Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Balsara RK. Analysis of sagittal contour after correction of thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Anterior versus posterior instrumentation. Poster, Scoliosis Research Society 31st Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, September 25-28, 1996.

13. Marsicano JG*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Gupta P*, Blanke K, Baldus C. Operative results for degenerated segments adjacent to a spinal fusion. Poster, Scoliosis Research Society 31st Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, September 25-28, 1996.

14. Gupta P*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Marsicano JG*, Blanke K, Baldus C. Evaluation and treatment of flat back deformity. Poster, Scoliosis Research Society 31st Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, September 25-28, 1996.

15. Clements III DH, Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Balsara RK. Analysis of sagittal contour after correction of thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Anterior versus posterior instrumentation. Poster, Scoliosis Research Society 31st Annual Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, September 25-28, 1996.

16. Lenke LG, Engsberg JR, Kemp JS, Bridwell KH, Bassett GS. Performance measures in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. Poster, Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 25-27, 1997.

17. Vedantam RW*, Lenke LG, Linville DA*, Blanke K, Bridwell KH. Comparison of the push-prone and side bending radiographs for predicting postoperative coronal alignment in thoracolumbar and lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Poster #19, Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 25-27, 1997.

18. Vedantam RW*, Linville DA*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Effect of variation in arm position on the sagittal spinal alignment. Poster #27, Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 25-27, 1997.

19. Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements III DH, Jeszenszky D. Anterior rigid rod instrumentation for thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Poster #6, Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 25-27, 1997.

20. Linville DA*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Vedantam RW*, Leight P. Revision surgery in the adult spinal deformity patient using combined procedures. Do revision cases have more complications? Poster #53, Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 25-27, 1997.

21. Lenke LG, Engsberg JR, Olree KF, Ross SA, Blanke K, Weston J. Trunk range of motion and gait analysis following adolescent idiopathic scoliosis fusion. Poster #66, Scoliosis Research Society 32nd Annual Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, September 25-27, 1997.

22. Vedantam RW*, Linville DA*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Effect of variation in arm position on the sagittal spinal alignment. Poster, North American Spine Society 12th Annual Meeting, New York, New York, October 1997.

23. Lenke LG, Vedantam RW*, Linville DA*, Blanke K, Bridwell KH. Comparing the push-prone to side bending radiographs for predicting postoperative coronal alignment in thoracolumbar and lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 4th Annual Meeting, Bermuda, July 1997.

24. Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements III DH, Jeszenszky D. Anterior rigid rod instrumentation for thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Combined meeting, poster, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 1998; Orthopaedic Associations of the English Speaking World Auckland, New Zealand, February 1998.

25. Linville D, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Vedantam R, Leicht P. Complications in the adult spinal deformity patient having combined surgery. Does revision increase the risk? Exhibit, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 64th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, March 19-23, 1998.

26. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Bridwell KH, Clements III DH, Lowe TG. A new and reliable comprehensive classification system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Poster Exhibit #36, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 5th Annual, Sorrento, Italy, May 1998.

27. Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Clements III DH, Lowe TG. Solid rod anterior thoracic instrumentation and fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 5th Annual Meeting, Sorrento, Italy, May 1998.

28. Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements III DH, Merola AA, Haher TR, Wenger D, Newton PO. Anterior rigid rod instrumentation for thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Exhibit #5, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998.

29. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Harms J, Clements III DH, Lowe TG. The effect of continued spinal growth on sagittal contour in patients treated by anterior instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Exhibit #10, Scoliosis Research Society 33rd Annual Meeting, New York, New York, September 16-20, 1998.

30. Polly DW, Kuklo TR*, Cunningham BW, Lenke LG, Oda I, Klemme WR. Biomechanical analysis of anterior thoracic scoliosis constructs: effect of rod diameter and intervertebral cages. Spine, Science and Management: Spine Fellows Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 20-21, 1998.

31. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Harms J, Clements III DH, Lowe TG. The effect of continued spinal growth on sagittal contour in patients treated by anterior instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Poster #252, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 66th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, California, February 4-8, 1999.

32. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Clements III DH, Lowe TG, Merola AA, Haher TR, Harms J, Huss GK, Blanke KM, McGlothlen S. Do radiographic parameters correlate with clinical outcomes in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis? Poster #393, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 66th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, California, February 4-8, 1999.

33. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Clements III DH, Lowe TG, Bridwell KH. A new and comprehensive classification system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Scientific Exhibit #358, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 66th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, California, February 4-8, 1999.

34. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Merola AA, Clements III DH, Newton PO, Lowe TG. Curve prevalence of a new classification of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Can classification predict treatment? Poster, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 67th Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, March 15-19, 2000.

35. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Clements III DH, Lowe TG, Newton PO. Anterior instrumentation for thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Open and minimally invasive techniques. Poster, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 67th Annual Meeting, Orlando, Florida, March 15-19, 2000.

36. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Harms J, Clements III DH, Newton PO, Haher TR, Merola AA, Wenger DR. Proximal screw pull-out during anterior instrumentation for thoracic scoliosis. Preventive techniques. Exhibit #17, Scoliosis Research Society, 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

37. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Clements III DH, Newton PO. Thoracoscopic versus open thoracotomy correction by anterior instrumentation for the treatment of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Exhibit #18, Scoliosis Research Society, 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

38. White DK, Lenke LG, Kemp JS, Bridwell KH, Blanke KM, Engsberg JR. Prospective evaluation of maximal oxygen consumption and ventilatory efficiency during exercise in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Exhibit #68, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

39. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Clements III DH, Newton PO, Merola AA, Lowe TG, Wenger DR, Crawford AH. Interobserver and intraobserver reliability of choosing the stable vertebra. Comparing the traditional versus a new method. Exhibit #69, Scoliosis Research Society 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Australia, October 18-21, 2000.

40. Yukawa Y§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Tenhula J. A prospective and comprehensive outcome study of surgically treated lumbar spinal stenosis with neurogenic claudication. Poster #E303, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 68th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 28-March 4, 2001.

41. Lenke LG, Sweet FA*, Blanke KM, Whorton J, Bridwell KH. Prospective radiographic and clinical outcomes and complications of single solid rod instrumented anterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Poster #312, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 68th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 28-March 4, 2001.

42. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements III DH. Comparison of anterior versus posterior instrumentation for correction of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Analysis by an objective radiographic scoring system. Poster, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 68th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, February 28-March 4, 2001.

43. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Polly Jr. DW, Lauerman WC, Sturm PF, Hanway JF, Klemme WR, Bridwell KH. Independent surgeon assessment of clinical and radiographic features of the proximal thoracic curve and shoulder balance in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. E-Poster #43, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 8th Annual Meeting, Paradise Island, Bahamas, July 12, 2001.

44. Lenke LG, Young S, Johnson C, Braumfield D. Biomechanical comparison of single vs. dual rod anterior long segment constructs. E-Poster #86, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 8th Annual Meeting, Paradise Island, Bahamas, July 12, 2001.

45. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, O'Brien MF*, Rhee JM*, Hanson DS*. CT scan accuracy of "Free Hand" thoracic pedicle screw placement in pediatric spinal deformity. Exhibit #36, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

46. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, O'Brien MF*, Rhee JM*, Hanson DS*. Free hand pedicle screw placement in the thoracic spine. Is it safe? Exhibit #37, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

47. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Graham EJ‡, Won DS‡, Sweet FA*, Blanke K, Bridwell KH. Correlation of radiographic, clinical and patient assessment of shoulder balance following fusion versus non-fusions of the proximal thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Exhibit #39, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

48. Merola AA, Brkaric M, Haher TR, Kohani O, Betz RR, Clements III DH, Huss G, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Newton PO, Wenger DR, Marks MC, Gilbert E. Do outcome parameters correlate with surgical complications utilizing the SRS Questionnaire in the treatment of AIS? Exhibit #49, Scoliosis Research Society 36th Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, September 19-22, 2001.

49. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Graham EJ‡, Won DS‡, Sweet FA*, Blanke K, Bridwell KH. Correlation of radiographic, clinical and patient assessment of shoulder balance following fusion versus non-fusion of the proximal thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine, Science and Management: Spine Fellows Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 11-12, 2001.

50. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Graham EJ‡, Won DS‡, Sweet FA*, Blanke K, Bridwell KH. Correlation of radiographic, clinical and patient assessment of shoulder balance following fusion versus non-fusion of the proximal thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons (SOMOS) 43rd Annual Meeting, Vail, Colorado, December 10-15, 2001.

51. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Rhee JM*, Hanson DS*. Free hand pedicle screw placement in the thoracic spine - Is it safe? Poster, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

52. Yukawa Y§, Lenke LG, Fukui N, Lou J. Optimal treatment timing to rescue normal cells from spinal cord injury via Bcl-2 gene transfer in-vitro and in-vivo. Poster, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

53. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Rhee JM, Hanson DS. Free hand pedicle screw placement in the thoracic spine. Is it safe? Poster, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

54. Burd T‡, Lenke LG, Pawelek L. Upper extremity function assessment following anterior spinal fusion via open thoracotomy for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Poster, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 69th Annual Meeting, Dallas, Texas, February 13-17, 2002.

55. Satake K§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Blanke KM. Analysis of the lowest instrumented vertebra and subjacent disc following anterior spinal fusion of thoracolumbar/lumbar idiopathic scoliosis. Poster #42, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 9th Annual Meeting, Montreux, Switzerland, May 23-25, 2002.

56. Kuklo TR*, O'Brien MF*, Lehman RA, Polly DW, Lenke LG. Accuracy and efficacy of thoracic pedicle screws in curves over 90 degrees. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 9th Annual Meeting, Montreux, Switzerland, May 23-25, 2002.

57. O'Brien MF*, Smith DAB, Lowe TG, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Polly DW, Eule JM, Enguidanos ST, Hashim SM. Posterior pullout failure of deformity constructs in the thoracic spine: a biomechanical evaluation of traditional hook and thoracic pedicle screw constructs. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 9th Annual Meeting, Montreux, Switzerland, May 23-25, 2002.

58. O'Brien MF*, Smith DAB, Eule JM, Enguidanos ST, Hashim SM, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Dwyer AP, Lowe TG, Polly DW. Lateral pullout failure of deformity constructs in the thoracic spine: a biomechanical evaluation of traditional hook and thoracic pedicle screw constructs. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 9th Annual Meeting, Montreux, Switzerland, May 23-25, 2002.

59. Polly DW, Kuklo TR*, O'Brien MF*, Schroeder TM, Nelson L, Lenke LG. Reliability of radiographic parameters for scoliosis evaluation. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 9th Annual Meeting, Montreux, Switzerland, May 23-25, 2002.

60. Kuklo TR*, Lehman RA, Lenke LG. Preoperative and postoperative CT evaluation of structures at risk with ASF. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 9th Annual Meeting, Montreux, Switzerland, May 23-25, 2002.

61. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Polly DW. The AIS Spinal Deformity Study Group. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis measurement manual. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 9th Annual Meeting, Montreux, Switzerland, May 23-25, 2002.

62. Labelle HHL, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Polly DW, The Spinal Deformity Study Group. Spondylolisthesis radiographic measurement manual. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 9th Annual Meeting, Montreux, Switzerland, May 23-25, 2002.

63. Polly DW, Kuklo TR*, O'Brien MF*, Schroeder TM, Nelson L, Lenke LG. Reliability of radiographic parameters for scoliosis evaluation. Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA, September 19-21, 2002.

64. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Clements III DH, Newton PO, Harms J, Wenger DR, Lowe TG, Haher TR, Merola AA. Limitations of anterior instrumentation for correction of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in the immature (Risser 0) patient. Exhibit #7, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

65. Newton PO, Betz RR, Clements III DH, Lenke LG, Crawford AH, Lowe TG, Haher TR, Merola AA, Harms J, Beele B, Wenger DR, Marks MC. Anterior thoracoscopic instrumentation. A matched comparison to anterior open and posterior open instrumentation. Exhibit #9, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

66. Engsberg JR, Lenke LG, Hollander KW, Uhrich ML, Bridwell KH. Changes in trunk range of motion (ROM) following anterior or posterior spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Exhibit #12, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 18-21, 2002.

67. Kuklo TR*, O'Brien MF*, Lehman RA, Polly DW, Lenke LG. Accuracy and efficacy of thoracic pedicle screws in curves over 90 degrees. Exhibit, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 19-21, 2002.

68. Kuklo TR*, Lehman RA, Lenke LG. Preoperative and postoperative CT evaluation of structures at risk with ASF. Exhibit, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 19-21, 2002.

69. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Polly DW, the AIS Spinal Deformity Study Group. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis measurement manual. Exhibit, Scoliosis Research Society 37th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 19-21, 2002.

70. Kuklo TR*, Lehman RA, Lenke LG. Preoperative and postoperative CT evaluation of structures at risk with ASF. Exhibit, North American Spine Society 17th Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada, October 29-November 1, 2002.

71. Lehman RA, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG. Preoperative and postoperative CT Evaluation of structures at risk with ASF. Exhibit, Spine, Science and Management: Spine Fellows Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 21-22, 2002.

72. Graham EJ‡, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Won DS‡, Sweet FA*, Blanke KM, Bridwell KH. Correlation of radiographic, clinical and patient assessment of shoulder balance following fusion versus non-fusion of the proximal thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Exhibit, Spine, Science and Management: Spine Fellows Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 21-22, 2002.

73. Kuklo TR*, O'Brien MF*, Lehman RA, Polly DW, Lenke LG. Accuracy and efficacy of thoracic pedicle screws in curves over 90 degrees. Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons (SOMOS) 44th Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, December 10-15, 2002.

74. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Rinella AS*, Edwards II CC*. Pseudarthrosis in adult idiopathic scoliosis primary fusions; correlation with dominos, crosslinks and distal fusion levels. Poster #304, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 70th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 2003.

75. Rinella AS*, Lenke LG, Peelle MW?, Edwards II CC*, Bridwell KH, Sides B. Comparison of SRS questionnaire results submitted by both parents and patients in the operative treatment of idiopathic scoliosis. Poster #314, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 70th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 2003.

76. Lenke LG. Use of Amicar vs Aprotinin during pediatric spinal deformity surgery. Can they help decrease blood loss? Poster #331, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 70th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 2003.

77. Maxy P, Polly DW, O'Brien MF*, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Brumfield D. Finite element modeling of thoracic pedicle screw constructs. E-Poster #220, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 10th Annual Meeting, Rome, Italy, July 10-12, 2003.

78. Lehman RA, Kuklo TR*, O'Brien MF*, Polly DW, Lenke LG. Accuracy and Efficacy of Thoracic Pedicle Screws in Curves Over 90 Degrees. Exhibit, Eastern Orthopaedic Association 34th Annual Meeting and Southern Orthopaedic Association 20th Annual Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, July 30-August 3, 2003.

79. Kuklo TR*, Lehman RA, Lenke LG. Preoperative and postoperative CT evaluation of structures at risk with ASF. Exhibit, Eastern Orthopaedic Association 34th Annual Meeting and Southern Orthopaedic Association 20th Annual Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, July 30-August 3, 2003.

80. Lenke LG, Glattes RC*, Orchowski J*, Spencer U*, Blanke K, Sides B, Bridwell KH. Comparison of single vs dual rod instrumentation for thoracolumbar/lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. E-Poster #3, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Quebec, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

81. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Curve prevalence of infantile and juvenile idiopathic curves using a modified Lenke classification scheme. E-Poster #57, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Quebec, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

82. Peelle M‡, Lenke LG, Bridwell, KH, Sides B. Iliac screw vs. Galveston rod pelvic fixation techniques in neuromuscular spinal deformity. E-Poster #59, Scoliosis Research Society 38th Annual Meeting, Quebec, Canada, September 10-13, 2003.

83. Newton PO, Faro FD, Betz RR, D'Andrea LP, Clements III DH, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Merola AA, Haher TR. Selective vs nonselective fusion of Lenke I curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). P387, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 71st Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, March 10-14, 2004.

84. Roh M*, Lenke LG, Edwards III CC*, Rinella AS*, Riew KD, Bridwell KH. Vertebral corpectomies reconstructed with titanium mesh cages. Is this a reliable technique for fusion and sagittal correction? P424, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 71st Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California, March 10-14, 2004.

85. Kuklo TR*, Potter BK, Polly DW, Lenke LG. Corrective capacity of monaxial versus multiaxial thoracic pedicle screws in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, Southampton, Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

86. Kuklo TR*, Potter BK, Lenke LG. Vertebral rotation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: what is the best radiographic correlation of postoperative derotation? Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, Southampton, Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

87. Aubin CE, Labelle HH, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Emans JB, Sucato DJ, Kuklo TR*, Poitras B. Variability of spinal instrumentation configurations in AIS. E-Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

88. Lee SS*, Lenke LG, Peelle MW‡, Okubadejo GO‡, Cheng I*, Hurford Jr. RK*, Bridwell KH. Preserving the degenerative L5-S1 segment in degenerative lumbar fusion surgery in older patients. Is it possible? E-Poster #79, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

89. Kim YJ§, Padberg AM, Lenke LG, Riew KD. Reliability of in-vivo triggered EMGs thresholds in detecting medial malposition of pedicle screws. Comparison between the thoracic and lumbar spine. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual meeting, Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

90. Sanders J, Polly DW, Bridwell K, Lenke L, Newton P, Kuklo T*, Dormans J, Drummond D, Diab M, Richards B. Validity and reliability of the spinal appearance questionnaire in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual meeting, Southampton, Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

91. Aubin CE, Labelle H, Lenke L, Lowe T, Sucato D, Emans J, Kuklo T*. Variability of spinal instrumentation configuration in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual meeting, Southampton, Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

92. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Cheh G§, Riew KD. Defining the learning curve of free hand pedicle screw placement for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgery. Sixty-seven consecutive cases. Poster, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 11th Annual Meeting, South Hampton, Bermuda, July 1-3, 2004.

93. Sucato DJ, Betz RR, Picetti III GD, Lenke LG, Hresko TM, Hu SS, Braun JT, Roye Jr. DP, Vitalé MG. Defining the learning curve for performing a thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion and instrumentation for AIS. A multi-center study. Poster #27, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

94. Acaroglu ER, Deviren V, Lee JK, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Polly Jr. DW, Puttlitz C. Thoracic spine construct stability is dependent upon the number and configuration of pedicle screws. Poster #41, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

95. Polly Jr. DW, Sanders J, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Newton PO, Kuklo TR*, Dormans J, Drummond D, Diab M, Richards BS. Validity and reliability of the spinal appearance questionnaire in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. E-Poster #7, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

96. Kuklo TR*, Potter BK, Lenke LG. Vertebral rotation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. What is the best radiographic correlation of postoperative derotation? E-Poster #8, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

97. Sucato DJ, Newton PO, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Crawford AH, Clements III DH, D'Andrea LP. The benefit of pleural closure following a thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion and instrumentation for AIS. E-Poster #37, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

98. Aubin CE, Labelle HHL, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Emans JB, Sucato DJ, Kuklo TR*. Variability of spinal instrumentation configuration in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). E-Poster #57, Scoliosis Research Society 39th Annual Meeting, Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 6-9, 2004.

99. Satake K§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Blanke KM, Sides B, Steger-May K. Selection of the lowest instrumented vertebra in thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (Lenke type 1 and 2) following segmental posterior spinal fusion. Live poster presentation 1, North American Spine Society 19th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 2004.

100. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Comparative analysis of pedicle screw versus hybrid instrumentation in posterior spinal fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis - A matched cohort analysis. Live poster presentation 2, North American Spine Society 19th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 2004.

101. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim J, Cho KJ§. Thoracolumbar junctional analysis in patients fixed to T12 vs. L1 in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Is there any difference? Live poster presentation 4, North American Spine Society 19th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 2004.

102. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Cheh G§, Riew KD. Evaluation of pedicle screw placement in the deformed spine using intraoperative plain radiographs. A comparison with CT scans. Live poster presentation 5, North American Spine Society 19th Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, October 2004.

103. Potter BK, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG. Radiographic outcomes of anterior spinal fusion versus posterior spinal fusion with thoracic pedicle screws for treatment of Lenke I adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves. Exhibit, Eastern Orthopaedic Association 35th Annual Meeting, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, October 14, 2004.

104. Potter BK, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG. Radiographic outcomes of anterior spinal fusion vs. posterior spinal fusion with thoracic pedicle screws for treatment of Lenke I adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves. Exhibit, Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons 46th Annual Meeting, Vail, CO, December 6-11, 2004.

105. Kuklo TR*, Potter BK, Lenke LG, Nesti LJ. Thoracic vertebral rotation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: what is the best plain radiographic correlate of posterior derotation? Exhibit, Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons 46th Annual Meeting, Vail, CO, December 6-11, 2004.

106. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG. Comparison of combined ASF/PSF versus PSF alone for the treatment of AIS curves >90º. P298, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 23-27, 2005.

107. Kuklo TR*, Potter BK, Polly Jr. DW, Lenke LG. Corrective capacity of monaxial vs. multiaxial thoracic pedicle screws in AIS. P300, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 23-27, 2005.

108. Potter BK, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG. Comparison of ASF versus PSF with thoracic pedicle screws for treatment of Lenke I AIS curves. P301, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 23-27, 2005.

109. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Cheh G§, Riew KD. Evaluation of pedicle screw placement in the deformed spine using intraoperative plain radiographs. P322, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 72nd Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., February 23-27, 2005.

110. Chien JT, Lowe T, Betz R, Lenke L, Newton P, Clements D, Crawford A, Letko L. The surgical treatment of double thoracic curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis - Factors involved in the decision to perform a selective fusion of the main thoracic curve versus a posterior fusion. Standard and E-Poster #1, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

111. Kishan S, Newton P, Betz R, Lenke L, Lowe T, Clements D, D'Andrea L, Sucato D. Thoracoscopic anterior instrumentation affects pulmonary function less than open thoracotomy at two years post-op. Standard and E-Poster #2, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

112. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Comparison of combine anterior/posterior spinal fusion versus posterior fusion alone for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic curves greater than 90 degrees. Standard and E-Poster #4, International Meeting on Advanced Spinal Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

113. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Selective posterior thoracic fusions for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Comparison of hooks versus pedicle screws. Standard and E-Poster #5, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

114. Lee SS*, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Valenté L, Bridwell KH, Sides B, Blanke K. Comparison of Scheuermann's kyphosis correction by posterior only thoracic pedicle screw fixation vs. combined anterior/posterior fusion. Standard and E-Poster #18, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

115. Vora V, Crawford A, Babekir N, Boachie-Adjei O, Perkins M, Charles G, Lenke L, Kim YJ§. A pedicle screw construct gives an enhanced posterior correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis when compared to other constructs - Myth or reality. E-Poster #27, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

116. Crawford A, Babekir N, Lowe TG, Betz R, Lenke L, Haher T, Merola A, Newton P, Clements D, Sucato DJ, Letko L. Correction of left thoracic curves. A comparison of anterior versus posterior instrumentation. E-Poster #30, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

117. Crawford A, Babekir N, Lowe TG, Betz R, Lenke L, Haher T, Merola A, Newton P, Clements D, Sucato DJ, Letko L, Wilson LA. PET scanning. A unique tool for vascular injury in VATS-assisted anterior instrumentation. E-Poster #31, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

118. Newton P, Marks M, Betz R, Lenke L, Lowe T, Clements D, Haher T, Merola A, D'Andrea L, Crawford A, Harms J. Ten year trends in the surgical treatment of primary right thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. E-Poster #34, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

119. Sucato DJ, Newton PO, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Crawford A, Clements D, Lowe T, D'Andrea L, Letko L, Marks M. Anterior release prior to a posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation. Is the thoracoscopic approach as effective as an open thoracotomy? E-Poster #46, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

120. Merola AA, Newton PO, O'Brien MF*, Haher TR, Lowe TG, Lenke L, Crawford A, Betz R, Clements D, Sucato D, Sponseller P, Lonner B, Caruso SA, Kubeck J, Shanti N, Brkaric M, Mark M. Lumbar sagittal plane alignment with respect to instrumentation type and surgical technique. E-Poster #47, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

121. Angevine PD*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Sides B. Is circumferential surgery for de novo adult scoliosis justified based on its outcomes and complications? E-Poster #73, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

122. Angevine PD*, Lenke LG, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Cost-offset analysis of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in primary surgery for adult idiopathic scoliosis. E-Poster #74, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

123. Lee SS*, Lenke LG, Peelle M‡, Okubadejo O‡, Cheng I*, Hurford R*, Bridwell KH, Sides B, Stobbs G. Preserving the degenerated L5-S1 segment in degenerative lumbar fusion surgery in an older patient population. Is it possible? E-Poster #79, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

124. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Prevalence of infantile and juvenile idiopathic curves using a modified Lenke Classification Scheme. E-Poster #119, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

125. Sucato DJ, Newton PO, Betz RR, Picetti G, Lenke LG, Hresko T, Hu SS, Braun JT, Roye Jr. DP, Vitalé MG. Defining the learning curve for performing a thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion and instrumentation for AIS. A multi-center study. E-Poster #157, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

126. Lonner B, Scharf C, Newton P, O'Brien M*, Sponseller P, Betz R, Lenke L, Crawford A, Letko L, Lowe T. Operative management of Scheuermann's kyphosis in 78 patient radiographic outcomes, complications, and technique. E-Poster #175, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 12th Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada, July 7-9, 2005.

127. Angevine PD*, Lenke LG, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Cost-offset analysis of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in primary surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Poster #1, Spine Society of Europe Annual Meeting, Barcelona, Spain, September 23-27, 2005.

128. Sucato DJ, Newton PO, Betz RR, Picetti III GD, Lenke LG, Hresko MT, Hu SS, Braun JT, Roye Jr. DP, Vitalé MG. Defining the learning curve for performing a thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion and instrumentation for AIS. A multi-center study. P19, North American Spine Society 20th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 27-October 1, 2005.

129. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§. Pseudarthrosis in long adult spinal deformity instrumentation and fusions to the sacrum. Incidence and risk factor analysis of 149 cases. P101, North American Spine Society 20th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 27-October 1, 2005.

130. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Rhim SC§. An analysis of sagittal spinal alignment after adult lumbar/lumbosacral instrumentation and fusions. Can we predict optimal sagittal balance? P102, North American Spine Society 20th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 27-October 1, 2005.

131. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Rhim SC§. Sagittal thoracic decompensation following adult lumbar spinal instrumentation and fusions to L5 or S1. Causes, incidence, and risk factors analysis. P105, North American Spine Society 20th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 27-October 1, 2005.

132. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cho SK¥, Cheh G§, Yoon J, Ramo B¥. Sagittal plane analysis following posterior segmental spinal instrumentation of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A comparison of three different posterior segmental instrumentation and fusion. P108, North American Spine Society 20th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 27-October 1, 2005.

133. Yang JY§, Lenke LG, Riew KD, Lee JK. The differences of various cytokine expression after spinal cord injury between young and adult rats. P109, North American Spine Society 20th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 27-October 1, 2005.

134. Newton PO, Marks MC, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements III DH, Haher TR, Merola AA, D'Andrea LP, Crawford AH, Harms J. Ten year trends in the surgical treatment of primary right thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Poster #8, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

135. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Prevalence of infantile and juvenile idiopathic curves using a modified Lenke classification scheme. Poster #10, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

136. Cheh G§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§. Decompression alone vs. decompression and limited fusion for the treatment of degenerative lumbar scoliosis. Poster #14, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

137. Yang JY§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Riew KD, Stobbs G. The impact of the lumbar spine modifier and thoracic sagittal profile on the main thoracic component of a Lenke Type I scoliosis. Poster #26, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

138. Yang JY§, Riew KD, Lenke LG, Lee JK. The differences of various cytokine expression after spinal cord injury between young and adult rats. Poster #34, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

139. Luhmann SJ*, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Schootman M. Cost analysis of circumferential fusion versus posterior fusion-only with thoracic pedicle screw constructs of 70-100 degree idiopathic thoracic curves. E-poster #4, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

140. Ramo B¥, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Sides B, Bridwell KH. Comparative analysis of SRS Questionnaire results for pedicle screw vs. hook instrumentation in the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves >60º. E-poster #5, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

141. Merola AA, Newton PO, O'Brien MF*, Haher TR, Lowe TG, Lenke LG, Clements III DH, Betz RR, Crawford AH, Kubeck J, Shanti N. Lumbar sagittal plane alignment with respect to instrumentation type and surgical technique. E-poster #6, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

142. Crawford AH, Babekir N, Lowe TG, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Haher TR, Merola AA, Newton PO, Clements III DH, Sucato DJ, Letko LJ. Correction of left thoracic curves. A comparison of anterior versus posterior instrumentation. E-poster #9, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

143. Polly Jr. DW, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*. Vertebral number variation and potential impact for wrong level surgery. E-poster #18, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

144. Bess RS*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Sides B. Comparison of thoracic pedicle screw to hook instrumentation for the treatment of adult spinal deformity. E-poster #27, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

145. Crawford AH, Babekir N, Lowe TG, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Haher TR, Merola AA, Newton PO, Clements III DH, Sucato DJ, Letko LJ. Comparison between left and right thoracic curves in idiopathic scoliosis. E-poster #31, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

146. Breakwell LM§, Silva FE§, Lenke LG. Are left thoracic curves more kyphotic and stiffer than right-sided curves? E-poster #40, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

147. Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, Potter BK, Polly Jr. DW, Sides B, Bridwell KH. Surgical revision rate of hooks versus hybrid pedicle screw constructs for AIS. E-poster #49, Scoliosis Research Society 40th Annual Meeting, Miami, Florida, October 28-30, 2005.

148. Crawford AH, Babekir N, Lowe TG, Lenke LG, Haher TR, Merola AA, Newton PO, Clements III DH. Correction of left thoracic curves. A comparison of anterior versus posterior instrumentation. P369, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

149. Cheh G§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§, Stobbs G. Decompression alone vs. limited fusion for treatment of degenerative lumbar scoliosis. P371, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

150. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cheh G§. Pseudarthrosis in long adult spinal deformity instrumentation and fusions to the sacrum. P374, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

151. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Selective posterior thoracic spinal fusion-Comparison of hooks versus screws. P376, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

152. Bess RS*, Bridwell KH, Lee SS*, Lenke LG, Steger-May K. Reconstitution of posterior iliac bone graft site. Prospective evaluation of 2 backfilling techniques. P380, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

153. Angevine PD*, Lenke LG, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Cost-offset analysis of bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2) in primary surgery for adult idiopathic scoliosis. P381, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

154. Angevine PD*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Stobbs G. Adult degenerative de novo circumferential scoliosis and complications of. P392, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 73rd Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, March 22-26, 2006.

155. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim S§, Kim YW§. Is the T9, T11, or L1 proximal level the more stable following lumbar/lumbosacral fusions from the thoracolumbar junction to L5-S1? E-poster #12, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

156. Daubs MD§, Lenke LG, Cheh G§, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Adult spinal deformity surgery. Complications and outcomes in patients over age 60. Standard & e-poster #14, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

157. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Cheh G§, Baldus C. Results of lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomies for fixed sagittal imbalance. A minimum 5 years follow-up study. E-poster #15, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

158. Buchowski JM*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Lehman Jr. RA*, Kuhns CA*, Kim YJ§. Neurologic complications of pedicle subtraction osteotomy. A ten-year assessment. Standard & e-poster #17, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

159. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim S§, Cheh G§. Proximal junctional kyphosis following adult spinal deformity long posterior segmental instrumentation and fusion. Minimum 5 years follow-up. E-poster #18, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

160. Kuhns CA*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Amor CJ, Lehman RA*, Buchowski JM*, Edward CC*. Thoracolumbar deformity arthrodesis stopping at L5. Fate of the L5-S1 disc with a minimum 5-year follow-up. Standard & e-poster #20, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

161. Buchowski JM*, Lenke LG, Lehman Jr. RA*, Kuhns CA*, Bridwell KH. Infections following spinal deformity surgery. A twenty-year assessment of 2876 patients. Standard & e-poster #21, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

162. Kim YB§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Kim YW§, Bridwell KH, Stobbs G. Surgical treatment of adult lumbar scoliosis - Is anterior apical release and fusion necessary? Standard & e-poster #24, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

163. Lehman Jr. RA*, Lenke LG, Keeler K?, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Buchowski JM*, Kuhns CA*. Treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with pedicle screw-only constructs. Minimum 3-year follow-up of 103 consecutive cases. Standard & e-poster #28, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

164. Cheh G§, Lehman Jr. RA*, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Keeler K?, Bridwell KH. The reliability of preoperative supine radiographs to predict the amount of curve flexibility in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Standard & e-poster #31, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

165. Lehman Jr. RA*, Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Cheh G§, Keeler K?. Computed Tomography (CT) evaluation of pedicle screws placed into deformed spines over an 8 year period. Standard & e-poster #32, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

166. Kim YW§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Kim YB§. Free hand pedicle screw placement during revision spinal surgery. Analysis of 552 screws. Standard & e-poster #37, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

167. Cheh G§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Daubs MD§, Baldus C. Risk factors for adjacent segment degeneration following lumbar/thoracolumbar fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation. A minimum 5 year follow-up. E-poster #38, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

168. Cheh G§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Daubs MD§, Padberg AM, Stobbs G, Hensley M. Loss of spinal cord monitoring signals in children during thoracic kyphosis correction with spinal osteotomy. Why does it occur and what should you do? Standard & e-poster #46, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

169. Clements DH, Marks MC, Newton PO, Betz RR, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Lowe TG, Harms Study Group. Analysis of adherence to Lenke classification treatment algorithm recommendations. E-poster #106, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

170. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Kim YB§, Sides B. Adverse impact of resection thoracoplasty following posterior segmental spinal instrumentation of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. E-poster #110, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

171. Newton PO, Perry A, Bastrom T, Lenke LG, Betz RR, Clements DH, D'Andrea LP, Harms Study Group. E-poster #111, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

172. Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Sucato DJ, Richards BS, Emans JB, Sides B. Comparison of the lower-end vertebra (LEV) to the lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A role for the addition of an LEV modifier to the Lenke Classification System. E-poster #113, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

173. Angevine PD*, Lenke LG, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Cost-offset analysis of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in primary surgery for adult idiopathic scoliosis. Is it worth it? E-poster #116, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

174. Daubs MD§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Cheh G§, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Does correction of preoperative coronal imbalance make a difference in outcomes of adult deformity patients? E-poster #118, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

175. Watanabe K§, Lenke LG, Daubs MD§, Bridwell KH, Stobbs G, Hensley M. Avoiding screw fixation failure during osteotomy closure with the use of a central hook/rod construct. E-poster #144, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

176. Kuhns CA*, Lenke LG, Buchowski JM*, Lehman RA*, Rajan S, Amor CJ, Lee SS*, Kuklo TR*, Bridwell KH. Prediction of kyphosis correction based on the hyperextension lateral radiograph. E-poster #153, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

177. Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Sucato DJ, Richards BS, Emans JB, Sides B. Comparison of the lower-end vertebra (LEV) to the lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A role for the addition of an LEV modifier to the Lenke Classification System. E-poster #178, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

178. Sarwark JF, Emans JB, Lenke LG, Richards BS, Roye Jr. DP, Sucato DJ, McCarthy RE, Diab M, Dormans JP, Eller E. Current trends in surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. E-poster #219, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

179. Sucato DJ, Kuklo TR*, Lubicky JP, Richards BS, Lenke LG, Johnston CE, Emans JB. Factors predicting surgeon fusion of the proximal thoracic curve in Lenke 2 curve patterns. E-poster #224, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

180. Emans JB, Lenke LG, Sarwark JF, Erickson MA, Roye Jr. DP, Lubicky JP. Changing trends in the operative treatment of 'single overhang' (Lenke 1A, 1B, 3A, 3B and 5C) AIS curves. A 1998 to 2004 comparison. E-poster #241, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

181. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Newton PO, Clements DH, Lonner BS, Lowe TG, Crawford AH, Sponseller PD, Blanke KM. Surgeon-rationale for NOT performing selective thoracic fusion in Lenke 1C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves. E-poster #242, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

182. Cheh G§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§, Lehman Jr. RA*, Daubs MD§, Nunley R‡, Steger-May K. Use of preoperative supine radiographs to accurately predict non-structural curves by the Lenke Classification System of operative adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. E-poster #244, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

183. Watanabe K§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Hasegawa K, Hirano T, Endo N, Cheh G§, Kim YJ§, Stobbs G, Hensley M. Cross-cultural comparison of the SRS Outcomes Instrument between American and Japanese scoliosis patients. Are there differences? E-poster #248, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

184. Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Dobbs MB*, Cheh G§, Sides B. Pulmonary function change following operative treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with moderate of severe impairment of preoperative pulmonary function. How can we get better pulmonary function? E-poster #251, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

185. Lehman Jr. RA*, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Keeler K?, Buchowski JM*, Lenke LG. Proximal junctional kyphosis in adult spinal deformity. Comparison of hook versus pedicle screw constructs. E-poster #257, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

186. Angevine PD*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Sides B. Is circumferential surgery for de novo adult degenerative scoliosis justified based on its outcomes and complications? E-poster #259, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

187. Kim YB§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Kim YW§, Blanke KM, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. The morbidity of an anterior thoracolumbar approach in adult patients with greater than five-year follow-up. E-poster #272, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

188. Watanabe K§, Lenke LG, Daubs MD§, Kim YJ§, Hensley M, Stobbs G. A novel description of osseous pedicle morphology. How many thoracic scoliotic pedicles have cancellous channels? E-poster #348, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

189. Watanabe K§, Lenke LG, Daubs MD§, Kim YJ§, Hensley M, Stobbs G. Can preoperative radiographs predict pedicle morphology in thoracic scoliosis? E-poster #349, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

190. Dobbs MB*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Prevalence of infantile and juvenile idiopathic curves using a modified Lenke classification scheme. E-poster #350, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

191. Silva FE§, Lenke LG, Breakwell LM§. Comparison of infections/wound complications in patients with neuromuscular scoliosis following surgery with and without perioperative total parenteral nutrition. E-poster #363, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

192. Black M‡, Lenke LG, Hensley M, Przybylski T, Boyer C, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§. Halo-gravity traction improved radiographs and pulmonary function in severe scoliosis. E-poster #414, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

193. Watanabe K§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§, Watanabe K§, Hensley M, Stobbs G. Comparison of radiographic outcomes for scoliosis curves ?100 degrees. Wires vs. hooks vs. screws. E-poster #420, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

194. Watanabe K§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Kim YJ§, Watanabe K§, Stobbs G, Hensley M. Efficacy and safety of free hand concave apical pedicle screw placement in severe scoliosis curves greater than 100 degrees. E-poster #421, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

195. Watanabe K§, Lenke LG, Daubs MD§, Watanabe K§, Bridwell KH, Stobbs G, Hensley M. Is spinal deformity surgery in patients with cerebral palsy truly beneficial? A patient/parent evaluation. E-poster #518, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

196. Ferguson J§, Lenke LG, Daubs MD§, Cheh G§, Kim YB§, Kim YW§, Watanabe K§, Watanabe K§. The ventral lamina and its relationship to the superior facet. A key to avoiding canal penetration during pedicle probing. E-poster #538, International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) 13th Annual Meeting, Athens, Greece, July 12-15, 2006.

197. Sanders JO, Harrast J, Polly Jr. DW, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Newton PO, Kuklo TR*, Diab M, Richards BS, Johnston II CE, Sucato DJ. Responsiveness of the spinal appearance questionnaire (SAQ) compared to the SRS instrument in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Poster #5, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 14-16, 2006.

198. Daubs MD§, Lenke LG, Kim YJ§, Cheh G§, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Does correction of preoperative coronal imbalance make a difference in outcomes of adult deformity patients? Poster #16, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 14-16, 2006. John H. Moe award nominee

199. Luhmann SJ*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Revision surgery after primary spine fusion for idiopathic scoliosis: results from a different institution. Poster #21, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 14-16, 2006.

200. Luhmann SJ*, Lenke LG. Multicenter outcome and cost analysis of circumferential vs. posterior-only fusions with thoracic pedicle screw constructs for main thoracic idiopathic curves between 70-100 degrees. Poster #22, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 14-16, 2006.

201. Luhmann SJ*, Kim YJ§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. The impact of curve characteristics and spine fusion on pulmonary function in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Poster #23, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 14-16, 2006.

202. Richards III BS, Sucato DJ, Johnston II CE, Lenke LG, Kuklo TR*, Polly Jr. DW, Sanders JO. Spinal balance in Lenke 1A-C curves. Poster #29, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 14-16, 2006.

203. Lenke LG, Watanabe K§, Daubs MD§, Bridwell KH, Stobbs G, Hensley M. Avoiding screw fixation failure during osteotomy closure with the use of a central hook/rod construct. Poster #31, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 14-16, 2006.

204. Watanabe K§, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Hasegawa K, Hirano T, Endo N, Cheh G§, Kim YJ§, Stobbs G, Hensley M. Cross-cultural comparison of the SRS Outcomes Instrument between American and Japanese scoliosis patients: are they differences? Poster #32, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 14-16, 2006. Louis A. Goldstein award nominee

205. Angevine PD*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Sides B. Is circumferential surgery for de novo adult degenerative scoliosis justified based on its outcomes and complications? E-poster #16, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 14-16, 2006.

206. Angevine PD*, Bridwell KH, Hurford Jr. RK*, Lenke LG, Baldus C. Enhancement and maintenance of lordosis with anterior titanium cages in the distal spine of adult lumbar deformity patients. E-poster #17, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 14-16, 2006. John H. Moe award nominee

207. Newton PO, Perry A, Bastrom T, Lenke LG, Betz RR, Clements III DH, D'Andrea LP; Harms Study Group. Factors that influence two-year pulmonary function testing after surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A prospective study of 269 patients. E-poster #24, Scoliosis Research Society 41st Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, September 14-16, 2006. Louis A. Goldstein award nominee

208. Angevine P*, Bridwell K, Hurford Jr. R*, Lenke L, Baldus C. Enhancement and maintenance of lordosis with anterior titanium cages in the distal spine of adult lumbar deformity patients. P104 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

209. Cheh G§, Lenke L, Kim YJ§, Lehman Jr. R*, Buchowski J*, Kuhns C*, Bridwell K. The reliability of preoperative supine radiographs to predict the amount of curve flexibility in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. P120 to be presented at North American Spine Society 21st Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington, September 26-30, 2006.

Published Abstracts
1. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Bullis D, Betz RR, Baldus C, Schoenecker PL. Results of in-situ fusion for isthmic spondylolisthesis. Orthop Trans 1992;16(1):142

2. Sedgewick T‡, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C. Surgical treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis with associated spinal stenosis: the need for transverse process fusion with and without fixation coupled with decompression. Orthop Trans 1992;16(1):142-3

3. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Blanke K. Preventing decompensation in King Type II and III curves treated with Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation (CDI): 24 to 64 month follow-up. Orthop Trans 1992;16(1):158

4. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Blanke K, Schoenecker PL. Results of Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation (CDI) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Minimum 2 year follow-up, Orthop Trans 1992-1993;16(3):694

5. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH. Results of Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation (CDI) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Minimum 2-year follow-up. Orthop Trans 1992-1994;17:48

6. Sedgewick T‡, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C. Surgical treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis with associated spinal stenosis: the need for transverse process fusion with and without fixation coupled with decompression. Orthop Trans 1993-1994;17(1):59

7. Marushack M‡, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG. Lumbar hemivertebra resection in children. An analysis of the technique. Orthop Trans 1993-1994;17(1):128

8. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Blanke K, Schoenecker PL. Ability of Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation (CDI) to preserve distal lumbar motion segments in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Orthop Trans 1993-1994;17(4):981

9. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Stokes M, Padberg AM. Evoked potential monitoring of upper extremity function during thoracic and lumbar spinal deformity surgery. J Amer Paraplegia Society 1994;17(2):75

10. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Joyce ME‡. Astrocyte response to spinal cord injury: an immunohistochemical investigation. J Amer Paraplegia Society 1994;17(2):104

11. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K. Preoperative spinal canal investigation in "large" adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves (70º-140º). Is it warranted? Orthop Trans 1994;18(1):85

12. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Stokes M, Padberg A. SSEP monitoring of upper extremity function during thoracic and lumbar spinal deformity surgery. A prospective study. Orthop Trans 1994;18(1):99

13. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Baldus C, Blanke K. The use of fresh frozen allograft for posterior spinal fusions in neuromuscular scoliosis. Does it work? Orthop Trans 1994;18(1):114

14. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, O'Brien MF*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Recognition and treatment of the proximal thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated with Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation. Orthop Trans 1994;18(1):119

15. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Jaffe AS‡. Effects of spinal surgery on creatine kinase MB levels. Possible confusion with diagnostic criteria for acute myocardial infarction. Orthop Trans 1994;18(1):270-1

16. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Joyce ME‡. Astrocyte response to spinal cord injury: an immunohistochemical investigation. Orthop Trans 1994;18(3):691

17. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Posterior spinal fusion supplemented with only allograft bone in paralytic scoliosis. Does it work? Orthop Trans 1994;18(3):812

18. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, O'Brien MF*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Fresh frozen allograft for posterior spinal fusions in neuromuscular scoliosis. Orthop Trans 1994-1995;18(4):1099-1100

19. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, O'Brien MF*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Recognition and treatment of the proximal thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated with Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation. Orthop Trans 1994-1995;18(4):1104

20. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Stokes M, Padberg AM. SSEP monitoring of upper extremity function during thoracic and lumbar spinal deformity surgery. A prospective study. Orthop Trans 1994-1995;18(4):1107-8

21. O'Brien MF*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke M, Baldus C. Preoperative spinal canal investigation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with curves greater than or equal to 70º. Orthop Trans 1994-1995;18(4):1100-1

22. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Analysis of pulmonary function and chest cage dimension changes following thoracoplasty in idiopathic scoliosis. Orthop Trans 1995;19(2):346-7

23. Gelb DE*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, McEnery KW. An analysis of sagittal spinal alignment in 100 asymptomatic middle and older aged volunteers (age 39 to 82): What is normal? Orthop Trans 1995-1996;19(3):585-6

24. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Anterior fresh frozen structural allografts in the thoracic and lumbar spine. Do they work if combined with posterior fusion and instrumentation in adult deformity patients? Orthop Trans 1995-1996;19(3):586-7

25. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Analysis of pulmonary function and chest cage dimension changes following thoracoplasty in idiopathic scoliosis. Orthop Trans 1995-1996;19(3):592-602

26. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Blanke K. Prospective analysis of nutritional status normalization following spinal surgery: risk factors for delayed return to baseline. Orthop Trans 1995-1996;19(3):592

27. Lenke LG, Padberg AM, Russo MH, Bridwell KH, Gelb DE*. Triggered EMG stimulation threshold for accuracy of pedicle screw placement. An animal model and clinical correlation. Orthop Trans 1995-1996;19(3):604

28. Chapman MP*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Hamill CL*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Assignment of risk factors for transition syndrome. An analysis of patients who have broken down above or below a solid fusion. Orthop Trans 1995-1996;19(3):615

29. Hamill CL*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Chapman MP*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Posterior arthrodesis in the skeletally immature patient. Assessing the risk for crankshaft. Is an open triradiate cartilage the answer? Orthop Trans 1995-1996;19(3):615

30. Padberg AM, Komanetsky RM, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Russo MH, Chapman MP*, Hamill CL*. Neurogenic motor evoked potentials: a prospective comparison of stimulation methods in spinal deformity surgery. Orthop Trans 1995-1996;19(3):627

31. Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C, Weston J. Radiographic and clinical assessment of Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation (CDI) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS): 5 to 10 year follow-up. Orthop Trans 1995-1996;19(3):631

32. Hamill CL*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Chapman MP*, Blanke K, Baldus R. The use of pedicle screw fixation to improve correction in the lumbar spine of patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Is it warranted? Orthop Trans 1995-1996;19(3):643

33. Lou J, Lenke LG, Xu F. In-vivo Bcl-2 oncogene neuronal expression in the rat spinal cord. Paraplegia 1996;19(2):127

34. Komanetsky RM, Padberg AM, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Russo MH. Neurogenic motor evoked potentials. A prospective comparison of stimulation methods in spinal deformity surgery. Paraplegia 1996;19(2):133

35. Chapman MP*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Hamill CL*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Risk factors for transition syndromes above or below solid fusions. Orthop Trans 1996;20(1):15-16

36. Lou J, Lenke LG, Xu F, O'Brien MF*. In-vivo Bcl-2 oncogene neuronal expression in the rat spinal cord. Orthop Trans 1996;20(2):445

37. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Clements III DH, Bridwell KH, Harms J, King HA, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL. Classifying adolescent idiopathic scoliosis by the King method - Is it reliable? Orthop Trans 1997;21(1):24

38. Brown CA‡, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Hasan SA‡, Blanke KM. Pediatric thoracolumbar and lumbar pedicle screws. Short and long term complications. Orthop Trans 1997;21(1):75

39. Gupta P*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Marsicano JG*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Incidence of neural axis abnormalities in infantile and juvenile patients with spinal deformity: is a screening MRI necessary? Orthop Trans 1997;21(1):24-5

40. Betz RR, Harms H, Clements III DH, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Jeszenszky D, Beele B. Comparison of anterior versus posterior instrumentation for correction of adolescent thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Orthop Trans 1997;21(1):76

41. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Major intraoperative neurologic deficits in pediatric and adult spinal deformity patients. Incidence and etiology at one institution. Orthop Trans 1997;21(1):109

42. Gupta P*, Tenhula J, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Chapman MP*, Marsicano JG*. Evaluation of neurogenic claudication and functional outcome of treatment using the treadmill-bicycle test. Orthop Trans 1997;21(1):178

43. Gupta P*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Marsicano JG*, Baldus C, Blanke K. Evaluation and treatment of flat-back deformity. Orthop Trans 1997;21(1):268-269

44. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Major intraoperative neurologic deficits in pediatric and adult spinal deformity patients - Incidence and etiology at one institution. Orthop Trans 1997-1998;21(3):112

45. Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Baldus C, Blanke K. Major intraoperative neurologic deficits in pediatric and adult spinal deformity patients - incidence and etiology at one institution. Orthop Trans 1997-1998;21(4):1098-9

46. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Bridwell KH, Clements III DH, Lowe TG. A new and reliable three-dimensional classification system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Orthop Trans 1998-1999;22(2):608

47. Vedantam RW*, Lenke LG, Haas J‡, Linville DA*, Bridwell KH. A prospective evaluation of pulmonary function in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis relative to surgical approach for spinal fusion. Orthop Trans 1998-1999;22(2):610

48. Padberg AM, Wilson-Holden TJ, Lenke LG, Russo MH, Bridwell KH. Somatosensory and motor evoked potential monitoring without a wake-up test during idiopathic scoliosis surgery: an accepted standard of care? Orthop Trans 1998-1999;22(2):611

49. Linville DA*, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Vedantam RW*, Leicht P. Complications in the adult spinal deformity patient having combined surgery. Does "revision" increase the risk? Orthop Trans 1998-1999;22(2):613

50. Clements III DH, Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Huss GK. Critical analysis of proximal sagittal contour after correction of thoracic idiopathic scoliosis: anterior vs. posterior instrumentation. Orthop Trans 1998-1999;22(2):629

51. Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Lenke LG, Blanke K. Patient/parent satisfaction with results of surgical treatment of spinal deformities in patients with progressive flaccid neuromuscular (spinal muscular atrophy and Duchenne's muscular dystrophy) disorders. Orthop Trans 1998-1999;22(2):632

52. Lenke LG, Brown C‡, Bridwell KH, Blanke K, Baldus C. Pediatric thoracolumbar and lumbar pedicle screws: short and long term complications. Orthop Trans 1998-1999;21(2):649

53. Yukawa Y§, Lou J, Fuhue N, Lenke LG. Time assessment of neuronal apoptotic attenuation in vitro and in vivo via Bcl-2 gene transfer with Adenovirus vector. Volume 26, San Francisco, California, 2001.

54. Kuklo TR*, Lehman RA, Lenke LG. Preoperative and postoperative computer tomography evaluation of structures at risk with anterior spinal fusion. Spine J 2002;2(5S):110-1

5. Satake K§, Lou J, Lenke LG. Migration of mesenchymal stem cells through cerebrospinal fluid into hybrid spinal tissue. Volume 28, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2003.

56. Angevine PD*, Lenke LG, Stobbs G, Bridwell KH. Cost-offset analysis of bone morphogenic protein-2 (RhBMP-2) in primary surgery for adult idiopathic scoliosis. Eur Spine J 2005;14(1S):1

7. Breakwell LM§, Marks DS, Thompson AG, Betz RR, D'Andrea L, Lenke LG. Complications of scoliosis surgery in Prader-Willi syndrome patients. Eur Spine J 2005;14(1S):8

58. Kim YJ§, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim S§, Cheh G§. Sagittal thoracic decompensation (STD) following adult lumbar spinal instrumention and fusion to L5 or S1: causes, incidence, and risk factors analysis. Eur Spine J 2005;14(1S):10

59. Dobbs MB*, Glassman SD, Hedequist DJ, Hresko MT, Kuklo TR*, Lenke LG, McCarthy RE. Reliability analysis of end, neutral, stable, and lowest instrumented vertebrae selection in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: surgeon versus digital software determination. Eur Spine J 2005;14(1S):24

60. Bess RS*, Lenke LG, Bridwell KH, Cheh G§, Sides B. Comparison of thoracic pedicle screw to hook instrumentation for the treatment of adult spinal deformity. Eur Spine J 2005;14(1S):46

Articles Written by Lawrence G. Lenke, MD

Spina Bifida: A Neural Tube Defect

Spina Bifida occurs in 7 out of every 10,000 live births in the United States. It is estimated that approximately 70,000 people in the United States have Spina Bifida.

Exams and Tests for Rheumatoid Arthritis

To diagnose rheumatoid arthritis, the doctor will run through several exams and tests.

Spina Bifida: Complications Include Scoliosis and Kyphosis

Minor cases of Spina Bifida may not result in any symptoms or disabilities while severe cases almost always do. Common orthopaedic complications that occur in these patients may include the following: scoliosis, kyphosis and clubfoot.

Non-surgical Treatments for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Most patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can be treated without spine surgery. The treatment plan is designed to control the disease, alleviate pain, and maximize quality of life. Nonsurgical interventions include medications and physical therapy.

Anatomy of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) affects joints, and it can be present in the spine. Learn about the different parts of the joints, especially about the facet joints in the spine. Also explains cartilage and the synovium, which are important in RA.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most debilitating type of arthritis because it can cause deformity and disability. RA may affect the cervical spine and cause the facet joints in the neck to become inflamed and painful.

Neurosurgeon or Orthopedic Surgeon? Does it Matter?

It is important for patients to realize that both neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons perform spine surgery. Today, there is an emerging field of "spine surgery" that incorporates both specialties.

Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) usually affects the joints in the cervical spine; the neck. A characteristic of RA is it can affect any of the body’s joints, and symptoms range from mild to severe, and vary from episodic to chronic.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Surgery

Spine surgery may become necessary in patients with rheumatoid arthritis if RA causes extreme pain, severe weakness and spinal instability. A leading spine surgeon explains.

Thoracic Screw Placement in Deformity: Technique Pitfalls, Complications, Results

Thoracic Screw Placement in Deformity: Technique Pitfalls, Complications, Results

Segmental Spinal Stabilization using a Low-Profile Crosslinking Device

The X10 CROSSLINK® Plate Spinal System is a low-profile spinal instrumentation system spine surgeons are using to segmentally stabilize spinal instability and deformity.

Case Studies Presented by Lawrence G. Lenke, MD

31-year-old Man with Ankylosing Spondylitis

How to Treat?
Presented by: L. Lenke MD

The patient is a 31-year-old male with a long history of intractable lumbar back pain. He was diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis and has been unable to work for the last 10 years secondary to pain.

Articles Reviewed by Lawrence G. Lenke, MD

New Surgical Treatments for Scoliosis: Vertebral Body Stapling and Wedge Osteotomies

Vertebral stapling avoids the need to fuse the spine to correct the curvature. Therefore, movement and flexibility can be maintained, allowing for preserved motion and less chance for back pain in adulthood.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Glossary

Being diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can mean learning a whole new vocabulary: subluxations, osteophyte, vertebral end plate, and more. Use this list as a handy reference for medical terms related to RA.

Novel Radiation-Free Assessment of Scoliosis and the Cobb Angle

The Ortelius800® is a new non-invasive radiation-free 3-D imaging system for the diagnosis and monitoring of scoliosis and other spinal deformities.

Scoliosis and the Cobb Angle: Novel Radiation-Free Assessment

The Ortelius800® system instantaneously creates a graphical reconstruction of the spine, displaying calculated angle of deformity (Cobb angle), leg length discrepancy, and data on the patient's torso in real time.

Novel Radiation-Free Assessment of Scoliosis and the Cobb Angle

The Ortelius800® is a new non-invasive radiation-free 3-D imaging system for the diagnosis and monitoring of scoliosis and other spinal deformities.

Financial Disclosures

SpineUniverse, a Vertical Health, LLC website, is committed to ensuring that the medical information it presents is accurate, balanced, objective, and trustworthy. 

To help achieve this goal, SpineUniverse requires all authors, editors, and reviewers to disclose any financial relationships or affiliations they have with companies whose products or services may be mentioned in the content they author, edit, or review.

The intent of this policy is to identify any perceived, potential, or real conflicts of interest so that readers can make their own judgments about the value of information being presented.

Author's Statement

I, or an immediate family member, have a financial interest(s) or affiliation(s) with the following commercial companies whose products and / or services may be mentioned in the materials I have authored, edited or reviewed for presentation on Vertical Health, LLC’s websites.

Disclosed Relationships

Grants/Research Support
Medtronic (ended 7/09); Depuy; Axial-Biotech
Consultant
Medtronic (ended 1/09)
Other Financial or Material Support
Medtronic- Royalties (signficant)
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