Thomas G. Lowe, MD's portrait
Thomas G. Lowe, MD

About Thomas G. Lowe, MD

Dr. Thomas Lowe passed away. His contributions to the spine field were remarkable. An accomplished spine surgeon, he also published extensively and oversaw the training of younger surgeons. He is sadly missed by everyone who knew him.

Dr. Thomas Lowe was Clinical Professor in the Department of Orthopaedics at the University of Colorado Medical School as well as Co-Director of the Spine Fellowship Program at the university's Health Sciences Center. He was also Co-Director of the Spine Clinic at Denver General Hospital. His hospital appointments included the Children's Hospital Scoliosis Clinic and Denver General Hospital.

Following a Medical Degree from Northwestern University Medical School, Dr. Lowe was an intern at Hennepin County General Hospital in Minnesota. His residency in Orthopaedic Surgery was at the Veterans Administration Hospital in association with the University of Minnesota Hospitals. Additionally, Dr. Lowe served in the military as Battalion and Brigade Surgeon of the 3rd Armored Division in West Germany. In 1972, the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery certified Dr. Lowe.

During his medical training and career, Dr. Lowe received numerous awards such as the Russell Hibbs Award for best research paper from the Scoliosis Research Society and the Outstanding Clinical Faculty Award from the University of Colorado Medical School.

Dr. Lowe was an active member serving on many committees of professional organizations including: Scoliosis Research Society, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, North American Spine Society, Academic Orthopaedic Society, and the American Orthopaedic Association. He published peer-reviewed journal articles, contributed chapters to medical textbooks, and written reviews.

He published research in abstracts, instructed and lectured at numerous international courses, and presented many scientific papers and exhibits. Dr. Lowe was a member of several think tanks for major medical product developers, and a recipient of research grants.

Publications

Bibliography

1. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH, Biedermann L, Lowe TG, Lenke LG, Huss GK: Anterior Instrumentation for Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis. To be published in Seminars in Spinal Surgery (ed. SW Weisel, SD Boden). Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1997

2. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Jeszenszky D, Beele B: "Comparison of Anterior Versus Posterior Instrumentation for Correction of Adolescent Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis" Submitted to Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, January 1997

3. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Clements DH, Harms J, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL: "Classifying Adolescent Idiopathic Thoracic Scoliosis by the King Method: Is It Reliable" Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery Referred Journals Thomas G. Lowe, MD: "Double L-Rod Instrumentation in Scheuermann's Kyphosis" Spine, Volume 12, Number 4, 1987

4. Thomas G. Lowe, MD: "Current Concepts: Scheuermann's Disease", Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Volume 72-1(6) P940-45, 1990

5. Thomas G. Lowe, MD; James Peters, DO: "The Fate of Frontal and Sagittal Curves Following Anterior Fusion with Zielke Instrumentation in Idiopathic Scoliosis", Spine, Volume 18. March 1993. P417-422

6. Thomas G. Lowe MD, Michael Kasten MD: "An Analysis of Sagittal Balance and Curves after CD Instrumentation and Fusion for Kyphosis", Spine 19:1680 to 1688, 1994

Referred Journals (Continued)

1. Kindsfater K, Lowe TG, Lawellin D: "Platelet Calmodulin Levels in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Prediction of Curve, Progression of Severity", Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Volume 76-A, 1186-1193, August 1994

2. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Harms J, Lowe TG, Clements DH: "Anterior Spinal Fusion and Instrumentation for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis" Sem Spine Surg 10:88-94, 1998

3. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH III, Biedermann L, Lowe TG, Lenke LG, Huss GK: "Anterior Instrumentation for Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis" Sem Spine Surg 9:141-149, 1997

4. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Clements DH, Harms J, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL: "Classifying Adolescent Idiopathic Thoracic Scoliosis by the King Method: Is it Reliable?", Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 80A:1097-1106, 1998

5. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH III, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Jeszensky D, Beele B: "Comparison of Anterior versus Posterior Instrumentation for Correction of Adolescent Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis", Spine. In Press

6. Lenke L, Betz R, Bridwell K, Clements D, Harms J, Lowe TG: "A new and Reliable 3-Dimensional Classification System of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis" In Preparation

7. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Clements DH, Lowe TG, Merola A, Haher T, Harms J, Huss GK, Blanke K, McGlothlen S: "Do Radiographic Parameters Correlate with Clinical Outcomes in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?", Accepted with revisions to Spine

8. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke GL, Harms J, Clements DH, Lowe TG: "The Effect of Continued Spinal Growth on Sagittal Contour in Patients Treated by Anterior Instrumentation for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis", Accepted with revisions to Spine

9. Lowe TG, Jorgenson S, France J: "A Prospective Analysis of Autograft versus Allograft in Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion in the Same Patient"

10. Michelson C, Lowe T, Jackson R, Farcy JP, Deinlein D: " A Multicenter Prospective Study of CD Spinal System in Patients with Degenerative Disc Disease", Spine, Volume II 465-470, 1998

11. Lowe TG: Current Concepts Review: "Etiology of Scoliosis", Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 1999. In Press

BOOKS AND REVIEWS

1. The Textbook of Spinal Surgery Editors: Keith Bridwell, Ronald Dewald J.B. Lippincott Company Chapter 67 "Scheuermann's Kyphosis" Thomas G. Lowe, MD Pages 1173 - 1198 1996

2. Sacropelvic Fixation Editors: Joseph Marguiles, Yizhar Floman, Jean-Pierre Farcy, Michael G. Neuwirth J.B. Lippincott Company Chapter 56 "Bone Grafting in Spine Surgery" Thomas G. Lowe, MD Pages 727 - 744 1996 Spinal Biomechanics II Thomas R. Haher MD and Andrew Merola MD (eds) "Biomechanical Aspects of the Surgical Treatment of Kyphotic Deformities" Spine. State of the Art Reviews, Volume 10 No 3. 1996 Pages 433 - 453 Thomas G. Lowe, MD

3. Revision of Spine Surgery Joseph Marguiles MD (ed) J.B. Lippincott Company Chapter 12 "Revision Surgery for Kyphosis" Thomas G. Lowe, MD In Press

4. "The Pediatric Spine: Principles and Practice" 2nd ed Weinstein S (ed) Lowe TG: Anterior Derotation Spinal Systems for Scoliosis. In Press

5. "Anterior Spinal Column Reconstruction" Whitecloud TS III, Harms J (eds) Lowe TG: Combined Anterior-Posterior Surgery for Scoliosis. In Press "Pediatric Spine Deformities" Stanitski D (ed) Pediatric Clinics of North America Lowe, TG: "Scheuermann's Disease - Diagnosis and Treatment ",1999. In Press

6. Strategies in the Pediatric Spine Dennis Drummond, MD (eds) "Etiology of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis" Spine. State of the Art Reviews, Volume 14, No 1, 2000. Pages 1 - 10

7. Michael Edgar MD, Thomas G. Lowe MD, Joseph Y. Margulies MD, Nancy H. Miller MD, V. James Raso MD, Kent A. Reinker MD Strategies in the Pediatric Spine Dennis Drummond, MD (eds) "Anterior Instrumentation" Spine. State of the Art Reviews, Volume 14, No 1, 2000. Pages 115 - 126

8. Randal R. Betz MD, Lawrence G Lenke MD, Jürgen Harms MD, David H. Clements MD, Thomas G. Lowe MD, Thomas R. Haher MD, Peter O. Newton MD, Andrew A. Merola MD, Dennis R. Wenger MD Strategies in the Pediatric Spine Dennis Drummond, MD (eds) "Adolescent Kyphosis: Nonoperative and Operative Treatment" Spine. State of the Art Reviews, Volume 14, No 1, 2000. Pages 127 - 140

9. Thomas G. Lowe, MD Other Publications (audiovisual, computer assisted instruction, manuals) Lowe, TG Scheuermann's Disease; Thoracic and Lumbar Core Curriculum (slide presentation) prepared for NASS 1996 Abstracts Lowe, TG: "Epidural Venography in the Evaluation of Lumbar Disc Disease" Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, January 1976

10. Lowe, TG: "Juvenile Scoliosis", Pediatric Newsletter University of Colorado, April 1977 "Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Structural Disorder of Collagen": H Kent Grieshanber MD, Thomas G Lowe MD, Clive Solomons PhD Abstract published in SRS Annual Meeting Program, 1978

11. Lowe, TG: "Energy Metabolism of Paraspinous Muscles in Patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis": Dr. Edward RB McCabe MD PhD, Thomas G Lowe MD, David M Ostrowski MD Abstract Published in SRS Annual Meeting Program, 1982

12. Lowe, TG: "Lumbar Ring Apophyseal Fractures", Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. Orthopaedic Transactions. Volume 6, Number 1, 1982

13. Lowe, TG: "Segmental Spinal Instrumentation in the Surgical Treatment of Scheuermann's Kyphosis", Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. Orthopaedic Transactions. Volume 7, Number 479, 1983

14. Lowe, TG, Clive Solomons PhD: "Altered Calmodulin Activity in Idiopathic Scoliosis", 1984 Russell Hibbs Award. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. Orthopaedic Transactions. Volume 9, Number 2, 1985

15. Lowe, TG: "Combined Anterior-Posterior Fusion with L-Rod Instrumentation in the Treatment of Scheuermann's Kyphosis", Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. Orthopaedic Transactions. Volume 9, Number 2, 1985

16. Lowe, TG, Jeffrey Sabin, MD, Jack Akmakjian, MD: "Lumbar Spine Fusion with Zielke Pedicular Instrumentation: Follow-up Study of 202 Patients", Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. Orthopaedic Transactions. Volume 16, Number 3, 1992

17. Lowe, TG, Samuel Jorgenson, MD: "A Prospective Analysis of Autograft Versus Allograft in Posterolateral Fusion in the Same Patient; A Minimum of 1 year Follow-up in 144 Patients", Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. Orthopaedic Transactions. Volume 18, Number 4, 1994

18. Lowe, TG, Michael Kasten, MD: "An Analysis of Sagittal Curves and Balance Following Cotrel- Dubousset Instrumentation for Kyphosis Secondary to Scheuermann's Disease: A Preview of 32 Patients", Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. Orthopaedic Transactions. Volume 18, Number 4, 1994

19. Lowe, TG, David Lawellin MD: "Platelet Calmodulin Levels in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Prediction of Curve Progression and Severity", Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. Orthopaedic Transactions. Volume 18, Number 1, 1994

20. Lowe, TG: "Combined Anterior and Posterior Fusion with Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation for Scheuermann's Kyphosis", Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress on Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation. Sauramps Medical. Lyon France P241-245, 1992

21. Lowe, TG: "Anterior Column Support: Mesh Versus Graft", Modern Anterior Scoliosis Surgery, Quality Medical Publishing [eds] Lenke LG, Betz R, Harms J. Lowe, TG: "Unilateral Transforaminal Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Indications, Technique, and Preliminary Results", Spine, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

PRESENTATIONS / SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS International

1. Lowe, TG "Lumbar Ring Apophyseal Fractures" Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting Montreal, Canada September 1981

2. Thomas G Lowe, MD, David M Ostrowski, MD "A Comparative Study of Pre and Postoperative Pulmonary Function Tests in Mild Idiopathic Scoliosis" Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting Denver, Colorado 1982

3. Lowe, TG, Cohen, DS, Solomons, CS "Altered Platelet Calmodulin Activity in Idiopathic Scoliosis" Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting (Winner - 1984 Russell Hibbs Award) Orlando, Florida September 1984

4. Lowe, TG "Zielke Pedicular Instrumentation of the Lumbar Spine" Invited Speaker and Panelist National Scoliosis Institute Bad Wildegun, West Germany November 1986 Lowe, TG "Surgical Treatment of Kyphosis" Invited Speaker Group C-D Spine Study Group Monaco September 1989

5. Lowe, TG "Analysis of Frontal and Sagittal Balance Following Anterior Fusion with Zielke Instrumentation in Idiopathic Scoliosis" Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting Honolulu, Hawaii September 1990

6. Lowe, TG "The Surgical Treatment of Kyphotic Deformities of the Spine" Invited Speaker and Panelist Combined Meeting Group C-D and European Scoliosis Society Lyon, France June 1992

7. Kindsfater K, Lowe TG, Lawellin D, et al "Platelet Calmodulin Levels in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Prediction of Curve Progression and Severity" SRS Annual Meeting, Dublin, Ireland September 1993

8. Kasten M, Lowe TG An Analysis of Sagittal Curves and Balance Following Cotrel- Dubousset Instrumentation for Kyphosis Secondary to Scheuermann's Disease - A Review of 32 Patients" SRS Annual Meeting, Dublin, Ireland September 1993

9. Lowe TG, Kasten M "An Analysis of Sagittal Curves and Balance Following Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation for Kyphosis Secondary to Scheuermann's Disease - A Review of 32 Patients" AAOS Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana February 1994

10. Lowe TG, Jorgenson S, France J, Gomez M "A Prospective Analysis of Autograft versus Allograft in Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion in the Same patient: A Minimum of 1 Year Follow-up in 144 Patients" AAOS Annual meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana February 1994

11. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH III, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Jeszensky DJ, Beele B: Comparison of Anterior Versus Posterior Instrumentation for Correction of Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting [scientific exhibit] Orlando, Florida February 1995

12. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH III, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Jeszensky DJ, Beele B: Comparison of Anterior Versus Posterior Instrumentation for Correction of Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis. Shrine Surgeons Annual Meeting Honolulu, Hawaii August 1995

13. Lowe TG, Corenman D, Dwyer A. "Discography as an Adjunct for the Efficacy of Lumbar Spine Fusion" Pan Pacific Spine Society Annual Meeting Hong Kong November 1995

14. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH III, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Jeszensky DJ, Beele B: Comparison of Anterior Versus Posterior Instrumentation for Correction of Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis. American Orthopaedic Association Annual Meeting [poster] Colorado Springs, Colorado June 1996

15. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Clements DH, Harms J, King HA, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL: Classifying Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis by the King Method: Is It Reliable? Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting Ottawa, Canada September 1996

16. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH III, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Jeszensky DJ, Beele B: Comparison of Anterior Versus Posterior Instrumentation for Correction of Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis. Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting Ottawa, Canada September 1996

17. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Clements DH III, Harms J, King HA, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL: Classifying Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis by the King Method: Is it Reliable? Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting Ottawa, Canada September 1996

18. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Clements DH, Harms J, King HA, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL: Classifying Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis by the King Method: Is It Reliable? American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting San Francisco, California January 1997

19. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Clements DH III, Harms J, King HA, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL: Classifying Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis by the King Method: Is it Reliable? American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting San Francisco, California January 1997

20. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH III, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Jeszensky DJ, Beele B: Comparison of Anterior Versus Posterior Instrumentation for Correction of Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting [paper & poster] San Francisco, California February 1997

21. Lowe TG, Clements D, Lenke L "Anterior Instrumentation for Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis with the 4 & 5 mm Moss Miami System" 4TH International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques Sonesta Beach Hotel, Bermuda July 1997

22. Lowe, TG "PLIF with Mechanical Disc Space Preparation and Instrumentation" 4TH International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques Sonesta Beach Hotel, Bermuda July 1997

23. Lowe TG, Whitecloud T "Demo (Cadaver): TLIF - Transforaminal Approach for Interbody Fusion in the Lower Lumbar Spine" 4TH International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques Sonesta Beach Hotel, Bermuda July 1997

24. Clements DH, Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Huss GK: Critical Analysis of Proximal Sagittal Contour After Correction of Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis: Anterior Versus Posterior Instrumentation Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting St. Louis, Missouri September 1997

25. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Bridwell KH, Clements DH, Lowe TG: Spontaneous Lumbar Curve Correction Following Selective Fusion in Idiopathic Scoliosis. North American Spine Society Annual Meeting New York City, New York October 1997

26. Lowe, TG "Anterior Surgical Correction for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis" Total Spine: Advanced Concepts and Constructs GICD, Cancun, Mexico January 1998

27. Lowe, TG "Transforaminal PLIF: Indications, Technique, and Complications" Total Spine: Advanced Concepts and Constructs GICD, Cancun, Mexico January 1998

28. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH III, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Jeszensky DJ, Beele B: Comparison of Anterior Versus Posterior Instrumentation for Correction of Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis. Combined meeting, Orthopaedic Associations of the English Speaking World Auckland, New Zealand February 1998

29. Clements DH, Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Huss GK: Critical Analysis of Proximal Sagittal Contour After Correction of Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis: Anterior Versus Posterior Instrumentation Combined meeting, Orthopaedic Associations of the English Speaking World Auckland, New Zealand February 1998

30. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Bridwell KH, Clements DH, Lowe TG: Spontaneous Lumbar Curve Correction Following Selective Fusion in Idiopathic Scoliosis. Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting September 1998

31. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Clements DH, Lowe TG, Merola A, Haher T, Harms J, Huss GK, Blanke K, McGlothlen S: Do Radiographic Parameters Correlate with Clinical Outcomes in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis? Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting New York City, New York September 1998

32. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Harms J, Clements DH, Lowe TG: The Effect of Continued Spinal Growth on Sagittal Contour in Patients Treated by Anterior Instrumentation for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting New York City, New York September 1998

33. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Harms J, Bridwell KH, Clements DH, Lowe TG: Spontaneous Lumbar Curve Correction Following Selective Fusion in Idiopathic Scoliosis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting February 1999

34. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Clements DH, Lowe TG, Merola A, Haher T, Harms J, Huss GK, Blanke K, McGlothlen S: Do Radiographic Parameters Correlate with Clinical Outcomes in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis? AAOS Annual Meeting Anaheim, California February 1999

35. D'Andrea LP, Betz RR, Lenke LG, Harms J, Clements DH, Lowe TG: The Effect of Continued Spinal Growth on Sagittal Contour in Patients Treated by Anterior Instrumentation for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. AAOS Annual Meeting Anaheim, California February 1999

36. Lowe TG "The Management of "De Novo" Degenerative Scoliosis" Australian Spine Society Annual Meeting Coff's Harbor, Australia May 1999

37. Lowe TG "Neurological Complications and Postoperative Wound Infections in the Spinal Deformity Patient" Australian Spine Society Annual Meeting Coff's Harbor, Australia May 1999

38. Lowe TG "Scheuermann's Kyphosis: Indications for Surgery and Technical Considerations" Second International Pediatric Orthopedic Symposium Chicago, Illinois May 1999

39. Lowe TG "Posterior Instrumentation: Indications and Techniques" Second International Pediatric Orthopedic Symposium Chicago, Illinois May 1999

40. Lowe TG "Nerve Root Decompression in Cauda Equina Syndrome" Second International Pediatric Orthopedic Symposium Chicago, Illinois May 1999

41. Lowe TG "Non-threaded Titanium Cages: Posterior Transforaminal Approach of Harms (TLIF) - Indications, Techniques, and Results" 6th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) Vancouver, BC, Canada July 1999

42. Lowe TG "ASF/Instrumentation for AIS Thoracic and Lumbar: Indications and Technical Considerations" 6th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) Vancouver, BC, Canada July 1999

43. Bridwell KH, Shufflebarger HL, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Betz RR, Bassett GS, Iffrig TM, Baldus C, Blanke K, Whorton J: "Parent/Patient Preference in Idiopathic Adolescent Scoliosis: A Prospective Preoperative Analysis" Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting San Diego, California September 1999

44. Betz RR, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements DH, Merola A, Haher T, Newton O, Wenger D, Huss GK, Blanke K: "Comparison of Anterior vs. Posterior Instrumentation for Correction of Thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Analysis by an Objective Radiographic Scoring System" Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting San Diego, California September 1999

45. Graham EJ, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Kong Y: "Prospective Pulmonary Function Evaluation Following Open Thoracotomy for Anterior Thoracic Spinal Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis" Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting San Diego, California September 1999

46. O'Brien MF, Lenke LG, Mardjetko S, Lowe TG, Kong Y, Eck K, Smith D: "Pedicle Screw Fixation in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): Is This an Anatomically Viable and Safe Technique?" Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting San Diego, California September 1999

47. Tahernia AD, Lowe TG, Vraney RT, O'Brien MF, Kong Y, Smith D: "Unilateral Transforaminal Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Indications and Results" Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting San Diego, California September 1999

48. Lowe TG: "Office Management of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis" A Special Meeting of the Western Pacific Orthopaedic Association Manila, Philippines November 1999

49. Lowe TG: "Controversies in the Management of Degenerative Disorders of the Lumbar Spine: The Advantages of the Posterior Approach" A Special Meeting of the Western Pacific Orthopaedic Association Manila, Philippines November 1999

50. Lowe TG: "Transition Zone Syndrome: Iatrogenic Instability or Natural History", [abstract] 7th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Barcelona, Spain, July 2000. In Submission.

51. Lowe TG: "Thoracic Pedicle versus Pedicle/Rib Fixation: A Biomechanical Study", [abstract] 7th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Barcelona, Spain, July 2000. In Submission.

52. Lowe TG: "Radiographic and Biomechanical Analysis of Multilevel Smith-Robinson versus Corpectomy Reconstruction of the Cervical Spine: A Human Cadaveric Model", [abstract] 7th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Barcelona, Spain, July 2000. In Submission.

53. Lowe TG: "Posterior Spinal Fusion versus 360( Fusion in a Calf Spine Model: A Biomechanical Analysis of Motion at the Instrumented and Adjacent Uninstrumented Segments", [abstract] 7th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Barcelona, Spain, July 2000. In Submission.

54. Lowe TG: "Central and Juxta-Endplate Vertebral Body Screw Placement: A Biomechanical Analysis in a Human Cadaveric Model", [abstract] 7th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Barcelona, Spain, July 2000. In Submission.

55. Lowe TG: "Platelet Calmodulin Levels in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): A Predictor of Curve Progression and Severity", [abstract] 7th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Barcelona, Spain, July 2000. In Submission.

56. Lowe TG: "Anterior Single Rod Instrumentation in Thoracolumbar Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis With and Without the use of Interbody Structural Support", [abstract] 7th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Barcelona, Spain, July 2000. In Submission.

57. Lowe TG: "Thoracic Pedicle versus Pedicle/Rib Fixation: A Biomechanical Study", [abstract] Scoliosis Research Society - 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Queensland, Australia, October 2000. In Submission.

58. Lowe TG: "Anterior Single Rod Instrumentation in Thoracolumbar Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis With and Without the Use of Interbody Structural Support", [abstract] Scoliosis Research Society - 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Queensland, Australia, October 2000. In Submission.

59. Lowe TG: "Platelet Calmodulin Levels in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): A Predictor of Curve Progression and Severity", [abstract] Scoliosis Research Society - 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Queensland, Australia, October 2000. In Submission.

60. Lowe TG: "Central and Juxta-endplate Vertebral Body Screw Placement: A Biomechanical Analysis in a Human Cadaveric Model", [abstract] Scoliosis Research Society - 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Queensland, Australia, October 2000. In Submission.

61. Lowe TG: "Posterior Spinal Fusion versus 360( Fusion in a Calf Spine Model: A Biomechanical Analysis of Motion at the Instrumented and Adjacent Uninstrumented Segments", [abstract] Scoliosis Research Society - 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Queensland, Australia, October 2000. In Submission.

62. Lowe TG: "Large Magnitude Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Anterior vs. Posterior Surgical Stabilization", [abstract] 7th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques, Barcelona, Spain, July 2000. In Submission.

63. Lowe TG: "Large Magnitude Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Anterior vs. Posterior Surgical Stabilization", [abstract] Scoliosis Research Society - 35th Annual Meeting, Cairns, Queensland, Australia, October 2000. In Submission.

64. National Lowe, TG "Epidural Venography" 39th Annual Meeting Western Orthopaedic Association San Francisco, California October 1975 Lowe, TG "Scoliosis in Marfan's Syndrome" Pediatric Orthopaedic Symposium Cary-Tingley Hospital Truth or Consequences, New Mexico June 1976

65. Lowe, TG "Epidural Venography" Annual Meeting Clinical Orthopaedic Society (64th) Brown Palace Hotel, Denver, Colorado October 1976

66.Lowe, TG "Scheuermann's Disease" 26th Annual Meeting Mid-Central States Orthopaedic Society Broadmoor Hotel, Colorado Springs, Colorado April 1979

67. Lowe, TG Discussed, "Pediatric Paraplegia" John O'Brien, MD Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting September 1979

68. Lowe, TG "Treatment of Scoliosis" Continuing Education for Pediatric Nurses, AAOS October 1979

69. Lowe, TG "Treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis" Association of Surgical Technicians Annual Conference Denver, Colorado May 1980

70. Lowe, TG "Treatment of Unstable Fractures of the Spine" Western Trauma Association Annual Meeting Jackson Hole, Wyoming February 1983

71. Lowe TG "Advances in Pediatric Orthopaedics 1981" AAOS Course: Kyphosis - Evaluation and Treatment Keystone, Colorado March-April 1981

72. Lowe TG "Fractures of the Lumbar Ring Apophyses" Annual Meeting Western Trauma Association, Vail, Colorado February 1982

73. Lowe TG "Fractures of the Lumbar Ring Apophyses" American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 50th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, California March 1983

74. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Scoliosis in Cerebral Palsy" Russell Hibbs Society Annual Meeting Boston, Mass May 1984

75. Lowe TG "L-Rod Instrumentation in the Surgical Treatment of Severe Scheuermann's Kyphosis" American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Las Vegas, Nevada January 1985

76. Lowe TG "Progressive Kyphosis Above Fusions in Patients with SSI" Susan Swank, MD Discussed: Lowe TG AAOS Meeting 1987, Scientific Program San Francisco, California January 1987

77. Lowe TG "Pedicular Fixation of the Lumbar Spine with Posterior Zielke Instrumentation" Russell Hibbs Society Annual Meeting Annapolis, Maryland April 1987

78. Lowe TG "Pedicular Fixation of the Spine Utilizing Zielke and Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation" Invited Guest Speaker - Panelist Western Orthopaedic Association Annual Meeting Colorado Springs, Colorado October 1987

79. Lowe TG "Zielke Pedicular Instrumentation and Fusion Lumbosacral Spine" American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting Atlanta, Georgia February 1988

80. Lowe TG "Treatment of Kyphotic Deformities of the Spine with Combined Anterior and Posterior Spine Fusion with CD Instrumentation" Western Orthopaedic Association, Rocky Mountain Chapter Annual Meeting Aspen, Colorado July 1988

81. Lowe TG "Combined Anterior and Posterior Fusion with the Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation in the Surgical Treatment of Severe Scheuermann's Kyphosis" Russell Hibbs Society Annual Meeting Tucson, Arizona April 1989

82. Lowe TG "Combined Anterior-Posterior Fusion with Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation for Scheuermann's Kyphosis" American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Annual Meeting New Orleans, Louisiana February 1990

83. Lowe TG "The Treatment of Scheuermann's Kyphosis with Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation - Review of 21 Patients" American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Annual Meeting New Orleans, Louisiana February 1990

84. Lowe TG "Degenerative Stenosis of the Lumbar Spine" Western Orthopaedic Assoc., Annual Meeting, Rocky Mountain Chapter Snowmass, Colorado July 1990

85. Lowe TG "The Fate of Frontal and Sagittal Curves Following Anterior Fusion with Zielke Instrumentation in Idiopathic Scoliosis" Specialty Day, Federation of Spinal Associations Meeting American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Anaheim, California March 1991

86. Lowe TG, Sabin J, Akmakjian J "Lumbar Fusion with Zielke Pedicular Instrumentation for Degenerative Disc Disease: A Follow-up of 202 Patients" Scientific Program AAOS Annual Meeting Washington, DC February 1992

87. Lowe TG "Surgical Treatment of Kyphosis in the Adult" Advanced Course - Spinal Instrumentation University of Colorado Health Sciences Center Vail, Colorado April 1992

88. Lowe TG, France J "Allograft vs. Autograft" Advanced Course - Spinal Instrumentation University of Colorado Health Science Center Vail, Colorado April 1992

89. Lowe TG "Combined Anterior-Posterior Fusion with Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation for Severe Kyphosis Secondary to Scheuermann's Disease" Clinical Orthopaedic Society Annual Meeting Denver, Colorado October 1992

90. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Kyphotic Deformities of the Spine" Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Vail, Colorado January 1993

91. Lowe TG "Bone Grafting and Bone Graft Substitutes in Spinal Surgery" Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Vail, Colorado January 1993

92. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Fractional Lumbosacral Curves" Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Vail, Colorado January 1993

93. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Utilizing Anterior Instrumentation and Fusion" Russell Hibbs Society Annual Meeting Portland, Oregon May 1993

94. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Kyphosis in the Adult and Adolescent" Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Vail, Colorado January 1994

95. Lowe TG "Bone Grafting in Spinal Surgery" Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Vail, Colorado January 1994

96. Lowe TG "Anterior Instrumentation and Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Thoracic Scoliosis" An Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Vail, Colorado January 1994

97. Kindsfater K, Lowe TG, Lawellin D, et al "Platelet Calmodulin Levels in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Prediction of Curve Progression and Severity" Submitted to AAOS Annual Meeting 1994 Atlanta, Georgia

98. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Kyphotic Deformities" An Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Beaver Creek, Colorado January 1995

99. Lowe TG "Anterior Instrumentation and Fusion in Idiopathic Scoliosis" An Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Beaver Creek, Colorado January 1995

100. Lowe TG "Newer Anterior Instrumentation Techniques for Thoracic and Lumbar Scoliosis" An Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Beaver Creek, Colorado January 1995

101. Lowe TG "Surgical Management of Kyphotic Deformity" An Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Beaver Creek, Colorado January 1995

102. Lowe TG "Bone Grafting Techniques - Autograft vs. Allograft vs. Bone Substitutes; Indications for Structural Grafts and Titanium Cages" An Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Beaver Creek, Colorado January 1995

103. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis - Anterior Instrumentation" Controversies in the Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders, An Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Beaver Creek, Colorado January 1996

104. Lowe TG "Changes in Sagittal Curves and Balance Following Instrumented Lumbar Fusions" Controversies in the Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders, An Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Beaver Creek, Colorado January 1996

105. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Kyphotic Deformities - Posterior Alone or Combined Approach, Selection of Levels, Instrumentation and Type of Graft" Controversies in the Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders, An Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Beaver Creek, Colorado January 1996

106. Lowe TG "Anterior Instrumentation for Lumbar/Thoracolumbar Scoliosis" Advanced Techniques in Spinal Surgery Keystone, Colorado March 1996

107. Lowe TG "Sagittal Plane Balance After Instrumented Lumbar Fusions: Significance" Advanced Techniques in Spinal Surgery Keystone, Colorado March 1996

108. Lowe TG "Anterior Surgery for Thoracic and Thoracolumbar Idiopathic Scoliosis" Spinal Concepts ...1996 Los Angeles, California November 1996

109. Lowe TG "Surgical Treatment of Kyphosis" Spinal Concepts ...1996 Los Angeles, California November 1996

110. Lowe TG Panelist Consultant's Corner: "Disorders and Instability of the Lumbar Spine" American Association of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting Denver, Colorado April 1997

111. Lowe TG Faculty Member; Roundtable Discussion on spinal Disorders Symposium for Spine Fellows Sponsor: Sofamor - Danek New Orleans, LA November 1997

112. Lowe TG "Role of Anterior Column Reconstruction for Kyphosis" The Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders, An Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Sponsor: Sofamor - Danek Beaver Creek, Colorado January 1998

113. Lowe TG "Far Lateral PLIF: Indications, Techniques, and Results" The Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders, An Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Beaver Creek, Colorado Sponsor: Sofamor - Danek January 1998

114. Lowe TG "Spondylolisthesis Reduction with Far Lateral PLIF" (Demonstration Workshop) The Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders, An Advanced Course in Spinal Surgery Sponsor: Sofamor - Danek Beaver Creek, Colorado January 1998

115. Lowe TG "The Surgical Management of Kyphotic Deformities of the Spine" Spinal Surgery: Current and Innovative Therapy and Techniques Sponsor: Depuy/Motech Snowmass, Colorado January 1998

Panelist:

1. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis" Spinal Surgery: Current and Innovative Theory and Techniques

2. Lowe TG Invited Speaker: "Muscle and Platelet Abnormalities in AIS" Phillip Zorab Symposium Oxford, England March 1998

3. Lowe TG Invited Speaker: Cancun, Mexico February 1998

4. Lowe TG Invited Speaker: "Biomechanics of Anterior Spinal Instrumentation for AIS" International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) Sorrento, Italy May 1998

5. Lowe TG Invited Speaker: "Biomechanical Considerations and Use of Multi-Axial Pedical Screw in Deformities of the Spine" Japanese Orthopedic Society Annual Meeting Tokoshima City, Japan May 1998

6. Lowe TG "Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis - Current Concepts in Treatment" Western Orthopaedic Association - Rocky Mountain Chapter Steamboat Springs, Colorado July 1999

7. Lowe TG "Lumbar Interbody Structural Support - Posterior Approach: TLIF" The Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders, An Advanced Course for Orthopaedic and Neurological Surgeons Beaver Creek, Colorado January 2000

8. Lowe TG "Anterior Instrumentation - Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Indications "Pearls of Treatment" The Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders, An Advanced Course for Orthopaedic and Neurological Surgeons Beaver Creek, Colorado January 2000

9. Lowe TG "Posterior Instrumentation in AIS - Indications, Levels, Construct Designs" The Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders, An Advanced Course for Orthopaedic and Neurological Surgeons Beaver Creek, Colorado January 2000

10. Lowe TG "Surgical Treatment of Isthmic Spondylolisthesis in the Pediatric Patient" The Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders, An Advanced Course for Orthopaedic and Neurological Surgeons Beaver Creek, Colorado January 2000

11. Lowe TG "Multilevel Smith-Robinson versus Multilevel Corpectomy Reconstruction in a Cadaveric Model", [abstract] North American Spine Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 2000. In Submission.

12. Lowe TG "Instrumented and Uninstrumented Segment Motion in Two Biomechanical Fusion Models", [abstract] North American Spine Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 2000. In Submission.

13. Lowe TG "Platelet Calmodulin Levels: A Predictor of Curve Progression in AIS", [abstract] North American Spine Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 2000. In Submission.

14. Lowe TG "360( and Posterior Spinal Fusion Segmental Biomechanics: A Cadaveric Model", [abstract] North American Spine Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 2000. In Submission.

15. Lowe TG "Transition Zone Syndrome: Iatrogenic Instability or Natural History", [abstract] North American Spine Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 2000. In Submission.

16. Lowe TG "Thoracic Pedicle versus Pedicle/Rib Fixation: A Biomechanical Study", [abstract] North American Spine Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 2000. In Submission.

17. Lowe TG "The Efficacy of Interbody Support With Anterior Instrumentation in AIS", [abstract] North American Spine Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 2000. In Submission.

18. Lowe TG "Central and Juxta-endplate Vertebral Body Screw Placement: A Biomechanical Analysis", [abstract] North American Spine Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 2000. In Submission.

19. Lowe TG: "Large Magnitude Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Anterior vs. Posterior Surgical Stabilization", [abstract] North American Spine Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, October 2000. In Submission

PAPERS PRESENTED AT SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS

1. Colorado Lowe TG "Spine Deformities in Marfan's Syndrome" Pediatric Orthopaedic Day Children's Hospital, Denver, Colorado April 1977 Lowe TG "Scoliosis Screening in D.P.S.S." Pediatric Orthopaedic Day Children's Hospital, Denver, Colorado April 1979

2. Lowe TG "Congenital Scoliosis" Pediatric Orthopaedic Day Children's Hospital, Denver, Colorado April 1980 Lowe TG "Spinal Fractures" Annual Staff Meeting Northern Colorado Medical Center, Greeley, Colorado February 1981

3. Lowe TG "Stable Fractures of the Spine" Spinal Fracture Workshop Denver General Hospital, Denver, Colorado March 1981

4. Lowe TG "Recent Advances in the Treatment of Scoliosis" Symposium in Orthopaedics Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Denver, Colorado May 1981

5. Lowe TG "The Evaluation and Treatment of Scheuermann's Disease" 10th Annual Symposium of Children's Orthopaedics Service Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Denver, Colorado February 1982

6. Lowe TG "Fractures of the Lumbar Ring Apophysis" Pediatric Orthopedic Day Children's Hospital, Denver, Colorado April 1982

7. Lowe TG "Scheuermann's Kyphosis Evaluation and Treatment" 11th Annual Symposium of Children's Orthopaedics Service Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Denver, Colorado February 1983

8. Lowe TG "Segmental Spinal Instrumentation in the Surgical Treatment of Scheuermann's Kyphosis" Pediatric Orthopaedic Day Children's Hospital, Denver, Colorado April 1983

9. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Scoliosis in Cerebral Palsy" Annual Pediatric Orthopaedic Day Children's Hospital, Denver, Colorado April 1984

10. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis" 13th Annual Symposium of Children's Orthopaedics Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Denver, Colorado February 1985

11. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis" Children's Hospital Orthopaedic Day Continuing Medical Education Course Denver, Colorado April 1985

12. Lowe TG "Complications in the Surgical Treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis" Pediatric Orthopaedic Symposium Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Denver, Colorado January 1986

13. Lowe TG "Complications in the Surgical Treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis" Children's Hospital Orthopaedic Day Denver, Colorado April 1986

14. Lowe TG "Early Results of Zielke Anterior Fusion for Idiopathic Scoliosis" Children's Orthopaedic Day Denver, Colorado April 1987

15. Lowe TG "Anterior Spinal Fusion with Zielke Instrumentation in Adolescent Lumbar Thoracolumbar Scoliosis" 16th Annual Symposium of Children's Orthopaedics Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center Denver, Colorado March 1988

16. Lowe TG "Treatment of Scheuermann's Disease with Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation" Children's Orthopaedic Day Denver, Colorado April 1988

17. Lowe TG "Spondylolisthesis" Children's Hospital Grand Rounds Denver, Colorado June 1988

18. Lowe TG "Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation for Scheuermann's Kyphosis - Follow-up of 21 Patients" Children's Orthopaedic Day Writers' Manor Pavilion Denver, Colorado April 1990

19. Lowe TG "Evaluation and Treatment of Degenerative Disc Disease and Spinal Stenosis of the Lumbar Spine" Orthopaedic Department, University of Colorado Grand Rounds Denver, Colorado September 1990

20. Lowe TG "Evaluation and Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis" University of Colorado, Department of Orthopaedics Grand Rounds May 1991

21. John France MD, Thomas G Lowe MD "Early Results of Lumbar Fusion with Isola Pedicular Instrumentation in Degenerative Disc Disease in 60 Patients" First Annual Colorado Spine Symposium Denver, Colorado November 1991

22. Lowe TG "Evaluation and Treatment of Kyphotic Deformities in the Growing Spine" City Wide Orthopedic Grand Rounds University of Colorado Medical School Denver, Colorado November 1992

23. Samuel Jorgenson, MD, Thomas G Lowe, MD "Subarachnoid Morphine for Postoperative Analgesia Following Spinal Fusion: Results of Double Blind Study in 67 Patients" Second Annual Colorado Spine Symposium Denver, Colorado November 1992

24. Lowe TG "The Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Thoracic Scoliosis by Anterior Fusion with Moss Instrumentation - A Preliminary Report" Children's Orthopaedic Day Children's Hospital Denver, Colorado May 1994

25. Lowe TG "Anterior Fusion Utilizing CCD Instrumentation for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis" Children's Orthopedic Day Denver, Colorado April 1995

26. Lowe TG "Degenerative Disc Disease of the Lumbar Spine" Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Course for Primary Care Physicians Lutheran Medical Center, Wheat Ridge, CO May 1997

27. Scientific Exhibits Lowe TG "Lumbar Ring Apophyseal Fractures" American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting New Orleans, Louisiana 1982

28. Lowe TG "Segmental Spinal Instrumentation in the Treatment of Scheuermann's Kyphosis" American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting Atlanta, Georgia February 1984

29. Lowe TG "L-Rod Instrumentation in Scheuermann's Kyphosis" American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting Las Vegas, Nevada 1985

30. Lowe TG "Combined Anterior and Posterior Fusion with Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation for Scheuermann's Kyphosis" Sixth International Congress on Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation Monaco 1989

31. France J, Lowe TG "An Analysis of Intradiscal Transducer Pressures in Cadaveric Spines with Pedicular Instrumentation in Compression and Distraction" Annual Meeting International Society for the Lumbar Spine June 1993

32. Lowe TG "Early Results with Anterior CCD Instrumentation and Fusion in Idiopathic Adolescent Scoliosis" Annual Meeting American Orthopedic Association, May 1995

33. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements D, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Jeszenszky DJ, Beele B: Comparison of Anterior versus Posterior Instrumentation for Correction of Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis

* American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting [paper & poster], San Francisco February 1997
* Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting, Ottawa, September 1996
* American Orthopaedic Association Annual Meeting [poster] Colorado Springs, June 1996
* American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting [scientific exhibit], Orlando, February 1995

34. Clements DH, Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Balsara RK: Analysis of Sagittal Contour after Correction of Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis: Anterior Vs. Posterior Instrumentation.

* Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting [poster] Ottawa, September 1996

35. Lenke LG, Betz RR, Bridwell KH, Lowe TG, Clements D, Harms J, Shufflebarger H: Classification of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS): A New System Addressing Both Coronal and Sagittal Planes.

* Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting [poster], Ottawa, September 1996

36. Lowe TG, Merola A Anterior Correction of Scoliosis Using Anterior Rigid Rod Instrumentation: The Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders Beaver Creek, CO January 1997

37. Lowe TG, Arthur DJ, Merola A Anterior Instrumentation and Anterior Column Support for Thoracolumbar Idiopathic Scoliosis:

* 4th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques Sonesta Beach Hotel, Bermuda, July 10-13, 1997
* The Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders Beaver Creek, Colorado, January 18-21, 1998
* 10th Combined Orthopedic Associations Meeting Auckland, New Zealand , February 2-6, 1998

38. Betz RR, Harms J, Clements DH III, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Shufflebarger HL, Jeszensky DJ, Beele B: Comparison of Anterior Versus Posterior Instrumentation for Correction of Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis.

* Combined meeting, Orthopaedic Associations of the English Speaking World, Auckland, New Zealand, February 1998
* American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting [paper & poster]
* San Francisco, February 1997, Scoliosis Research Society annual meeting, Ottawa, September 1996
* American Orthopaedic Association Annual Meeting [poster], Colorado Springs, June 1996
* Shrine Surgeons Annual Meeting, Honolulu, August 1995
* American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting [scientific exhibit], Orlando, February 1995

39. Lenke L, Betz R, Bridwell K, Clements D, Harms J, Lowe TG: A New and Reliable 3-Dimensional Classification System of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

* New Techniques in Scoliosis Surgeries, Frankfurt, Germany, July 1998
* Spinal Surgery: Current Innovative Theory and Techniques, Snowmass, Colorado, January 1998
* Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting St. Louis Missouri, September 1997
* Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting [poster], Ottawa, September 1996

40. Clements DH III, Betz RR, Balsara RK: Thoracoscopic Anterior Thoracic Instrumentation and Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

* Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting [poster], New York City, September 1998 Betz RR, Harms J, Lenke LG, Lowe TG, Clements DH, Jeszensky D: Anterior Rigid Rod Instrumentation for Thoracic Idiopathic Scoliosis.
* Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting, New York City, September 1998
* Combined meeting, Orthopaedic Associations of the English Speaking World [poster], Auckland, New Zealand, February 1998
* North American Spine Society Annual Meeting [poster] New York City, October

41. Tahernia AD, Lowe TG, Vraney RT, O'Brien MF, Kong Y, Smith DAB, MSc: Unilateral Transforaminal Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Indications, Techniques, and Results

* 6th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST) [poster] Vancouver, BC - Canada, July 1999

42. O'Brien MF, Hahn J, Smith DAB, Lowe TG, Vraney RT, Tahernia AD, Haher T, Merola A, Yeung A: Biomechanics of Anterior VS Posterior Plating of the Occipitocervical Junction: A Computer Analysis.

* 6th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques (IMAST), [poster] Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 1999

Articles Written by Thomas G. Lowe, MD

Kyphosis and Scheuermann's Disease

Scheuermann's disease is a type of kyphosis that occurs when healthy vertebral become wedge shaped.

Enfermedad Degenerativa de Disco y Dolor de la Espalda Baja

La Enfermedad Degenerativa de Disco (EDD) es un proceso gradual que puede poner en peligro a la columna.

Back Pain and Degenerative Disc Disease: Are Artificial Discs the Solution?

Surgeons are excited about a new technology that could significantly help patients with degenerative disc disease. Learn why an artificial disc may be a better solution than lumbar fusion and how it could relieve pain caused by disc disease.

Osteoporosis Overview

Osteoporosis is the silent bone thinning disease affecting both men and women. This complete article, by Thomas Lowe, MD will help you to better understand this disorder.

Osteoporosis Treatment and Pain Management

Osteoporosis can be painful and there are many options available to patients from pain management specialists.

Osteoporosis: Risks and Diagnostic Steps

Although osteoporosis cannot be cured, early diagnosis is important to halting disease progression.

Treatment of Kyphosis and Scheuermann's Disease

Treatments for kyphosis and Scheuermann’s disease differ depending on the patient’s age, curve magnitude, and co-existing medical problems. A surgeon answers the most common related to these disorders that cause abnormal spinal curves.

Articles Reviewed by Thomas G. Lowe, MD

Maintaining Your Back for Your Lifetime

Describes how to maintain a healthy back after having undergone a spinal surgery.

Artificial Disc Replacement

Orthopaedic surgeons have been engaged in research to offer an alternative to lumbar spinal fusion surgery; artificial spinal disc replacement.

Cervical Plates: Provide Neck Stability Using Spinal Instrumentation

A cervical plate is a medically designed implant used to provide neck stability. Cervical plates enhance the rate of fusion and, in some cases, may reduce the need for external bracing following surgery.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is necessary for blood clotting, specifically the production of prothrombin; a plasma protein. Additionally, it is needed for bone formation and building osteocalcin, an important protein in bone tissue.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E may help protect the body in different ways, such as by slowing down age-related cell damage.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is also known as ascorbic acid. It is an antioxidant essential for tissue growth and repair. The body cannot produce vitamin C, and since it is water-soluble and not stored, it must be obtained from food and supplements.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 may be taken to help prevent anemia. It assists folic acid (vitamin B9) in regulating the formation of red blood cells, and aids the body utilize iron.

Vitamin H

Vitamin H is also known as biotin and aids in metabolizing carbohydrates (energy), fats, and proteins. Additionally, it helps to produce fatty acids, promote healthy nerve tissue, bone marrow, and sweat glands. Biotin is needed for healthy hair and skin.

Vitamin B3

Vitamin B3 is also known as niacin, niacinamide, or nicotinic acid. A deficiency of this vitamin can cause a disease termed pellagra.

Vitamin B9

Vitamin B9 is also known as folic acid or folate. This vitamin is required for energy production, and formation of red and white blood cells (immunity).

Vitamin B1

Vitamin B1, also known as thiamine, is important for the following bodily functions: breathing, carbohydrate metabolism, and enhanced circulation. It assists in producing hydrochloric acid—key for proper digestion.

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 (also known as pyridoxine) is involved in most bodily functions. It affects both mental and physical health.

Vitamin B2

Vitamin B2 (also known as riboflavin) may help prevent and may be used to treat migraine headaches, cataracts, rheumatoid arthritis, and certain skin disorders such as acne (acne rosacea), dermatitis, and eczema.

Vitamin B5

Vitamin B5, also called pantothenic acid, plays an important role in production of adrenal hormones (adrenal glands). It is required for the formation of antibodies (immune system), and helps to convert carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into energy.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is also known as retinol, which can be found in many products available today used to promote healthy skin. In fact, this vitamin is essential to the formation of skin and new tissue.

Financial Disclosures

SpineUniverse, a Vertical Health, LLC website, is committed to ensuring that the medical information it presents is accurate, balanced, objective, and trustworthy. 

To help achieve this goal, SpineUniverse requires all authors, editors, and reviewers to disclose any financial relationships or affiliations they have with companies whose products or services may be mentioned in the content they author, edit, or review.

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