J. Kenneth Burkus, MD's portrait
J. Kenneth Burkus, MD
Orthopaedic Surgeon
The Hughston Clinic, P.C.
Columbus, GA

About J. Kenneth Burkus, MD

Dr. Burkus graduated with honors from the Yale University School of Medicine in 1979. He completed his orthopaedic residency at Yale-New Haven Hospital and Newington Children's Hospital in 1984. He completed a clinical trauma fellowship with the AO/ASIF group in Switzerland and a spinal trauma and deformity fellowship at the Minnesota Spine Center in Minneapolis, MN.

Dr. Burkus was initially certified by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons in 1986 and was re-certified in 1993. He is a member of the North American Spine Society, the Scoliosis Research Society, the Orthopaedic Research Society, and the Orthopaedic Trauma Association. Dr. Burkus was one of the three spine surgeons in the United States selected by the Scoliosis Research Society to be one of their first traveling fellows. He has published many articles in medical journals on spinal disorders.

Dr. Burkus has a special interest in both adult and pediatric deformities including kyphosis and scoliosis. He also has special interest and training in adult degenerative cervical, low back conditions, spinal fractures, and spinal cord injuries.

Publications

1. 1979 Burkus, J.K.: The Radiologic and Histologic Development of the Human Distal Femoral Epiphysis. Yale University School of Medicine Thesis.

2. 1982 Burkus, J.K., and Ogden, J.A.: Bipartite Primary Ossification in the Developing Human Femur. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics, 2:63-65.

3. 1983 Burkus, J.K., and Keggi, K.J.: Stabilization of the Cervical Spine. Orthopedic Consultation, 4:8-12.

4. 1983 Burkus, J.K.: CAT Scan Evaluation of Traumatic Hip Dislocations with Associated Posterior Acetabular Fractures. Orthopedics, 6:1443-1452.

5. 1983 Burkus, J.K., Moore, D.W. and Raycroft, J.F.: Valgus Deformity of the Ankle in Myelodysplastic Patients. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 65-(8):1157-1162.

6. 1984 Burkus, J.K., Sella, E.J. and Southwick, W.O.: Occult Injuries of the Talus Diagnosed by Bone Scan and Tomography. Foot and Ankle, 4:316-324.

7. 1984 Burkus, J.K. and Ogden, J.A.: Development of the Distal Femoral Epiphysis: A Microscopic Morphological Investigation of the Zone of Ranvier. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics, 4:661-668.

8. 1984 Boell, E.J. and Burkus, J.K.: Oxygen Consumption and Motility of Mouse Sperm as Affected by Oxidizable Substrates and Oxygen Tension. Carlsberg Research Communications, 49:147-154.

9. 1985 Burkus, J.K.: Primary Mycetoma Infection of the Distal Tibia Secondary to an Occult Foreign Body. Foot and Ankle, 6:47-52.

10. 1985 Lindsey, R.W., Piepmeier, J. and Burkus, J.K.: Tortuousity of the Vertebral Artery: An Adventitious Finding after Cervical Trauma. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 67-A:806-808.

11. 1986 Burkus, J.K. and DePonte, R.J.: Chronic Atlantoaxial Rotatory Fixation Correction by Cervical Traction, Manipulation and Bracing. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics, 6:631-635.

12. 1986 Buckley, S.L. and Burkus, J.K.: Coccidioidomycosis of the First Cuneiform: Successful Treatment Utilizing Local Debridement and Long-term Ketoconazole Therapy. Foot and Ankle, 7:300-304.

13. 1986 Gersoff, W.K. and Burkus, J.K.: Dislocation of the Sacroiliac Joint Associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis. Clinical Orthopedics and Related Research, 209:219-223

14. 1987 Brooke, D.C., Burkus, J.K. and Benson, D.R.: Asymptomatic Occipito- Atlantal Instability in Down Syndrome (Trisomy 21). Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 69-A:293-295.

15. 1987 Jany, J.S. and Burkus, J.K.: The Incidence, Assessment and Management of Pressure Sores in Orthopaedic Patients. Military Medicine, 152:311-314.

16. 1987 Buckley, S.L. and Burkus, J.K.: Computerized Axial Tomography of Pelvic Ring Fractures. Journal of Trauma, 27:496-502.

17. 1987 Tami, T.A., Burkus, J.K. and Strom, C.G.: Cervical Osteomyelitis: An Unusual Complication of Tonsillectomy. Archives of Otolaryngology, 113:992-994.

18. 1988 Burkus, J.K.: Cervical Disc Disease. In Chapman, M.W. (ed.): Operative Orthopaedics, Philadelphia, J.B. Lippincott, 2045-2054.

19. 1988 Burkus, J.K.: Herniated Nucleus Pulposus in a Patient with Ankylosing Spondylitis. SPINE, 13:103-106.

20. 1988 Burkus, J.K.: Cervical Facet Asymmetry Simulating Facet Dislocation. SPINE, 13:118-120.

21. 1988 Burkus, J.K.: Esophageal Obstruction Secondary to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH). Orthopedics, 11:717-120.

22. 1988 Burkus, J.K. and Bonatus, T.J.: Solitary Plasmacytoma of the Cuboid. Foot and Ankle, 8:344-349.

23. 1988 Burkus, J.K., Alexander, A.H. and Mitchell, J.B.: Evaluation and Treatment of Chemonucleolysis Failures. Orthopedics, 11:1677-1682.

24. 1988 Buckley, S.L. and Burkus, J.K.: Intraosseous Lipoma of the Ilium. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 228:297-301.

25. 1988 Blassier, R.B. and Burkus, J.K.: Management of Posterior Fracture- Dislocations of the Shoulder. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 232-204.

26. 1988 Jany, R.S. and Burkus, J.K.: Long Term Follow-up of Syme Amputations for Peripheral Vascular Disease Associated with Diabetes Mellitus. Foot and Ankle, 9:107-110.

27. 1989 Buckley, S.L., Burkus, J.K., and Blasier, R.B.: Malignant Neuroepithelioma (Peripheral Neuroblastoma): A Case Report. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 243:220-225.

28. 1989 Alexander, A.H., Burkus, J.K., Mitchell, J.B. and Ayers, W.V.: Chymopapain Chemonucleolysis Versus Surgical Discectomy in a Military Population. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 244:158-165.

29. 1989 Burkus, J.K. and Turner, M.A.: Surgical Discectomy in an Active Duty Military Population: A Report of Sixty-six Consecutive Cases. Military Medicine, 154, 9:452-455.

30. 1990 Burkus, J.K.: Nerve Root Compression Associated with Unilateral Spondylolysis and Spina Bifida Occulta. SPINE, 15:555-559.

31. 1991 Sterett, W.I. and Burkus, J.K.: Acetabular, Hip and Femur Trauma. In Mancini, M.E. and Klein, J. (eds.): Trauma Management. A Multidisciplinary Approach. St. Louis, Mosby-Year Book Inc., 164-164.

32. 1991 Sterett, W.I. and Burkus, J.K.: Knee Trauma. In Mancini, M.E. and Klein, J. (eds): Trauma Management. A Multidisciplinary Approach. St. Louis, Mosby-Year Book, Inc., 166-167.

33. 1991 Sterett, W.I. and Burkus, J.K.: Lower Leg, Ankle and Foot Trauma. In Mancini, M.E. and Klein, J. (eds.): Trauma Management. A Multidisciplinary Approach. St. Louis, Mosby-Year Book Inc., 168-171.

34. 1991 Denis, F. and Burkus, J.K.: Lateral Distraction Injuries to the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 73-A:1049-1053.

35. 1991 Denis, F. and Burkus, J.K.: Evaluation and Treatment of Patients with Dural Tears and Entrapment of Cauda Equina in Lumbar Burst Fractures. SPINE, 16:s433-439.

36. 1991 Doerr, T.E., Montesano, P.X., Burkus, J.K., and Benson, D.R.: Spinal Canal Decompression in Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures: Posterior Distraction Rods Versus Transpedicular Screw Fixation. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 5:403-411.

37. 1992 Denis, F. and Burkus, J.K.: Shear Fracture-Dislocations of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Associated with Forceful Hyperextension - Lumberjack Paraplegia. SPINE, 17:156-161.

38. 1992 Burkus, J.K., Lonstein, J., Winter, R.B., and Denis, F.: Long-Term Evaluation of Adolescents Treated Operatively for Spondylolisthesis: A Comparison of In-Situ Arthrodesis Only with In-Situ Arthrodesis and Reduction Followed by Immobilization in a Cast. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 74-A:693-704.

39. 1992 Benson, D.R., Burkus, J.K., Montesano, P.X., Sutherland, T.B., and McLain, R.F.: Unstable Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Burst Fractures Treated with the AO Fixateur Interne. Journal of Spinal Disorders, 5:335-343.

40. 1992 Burkus, J.K.: Cervical Disc Disease. In Chapman, M.W. (ed.): Operative Orthopaedics, Second Edition, Philadelphia, J.B. Lippincott. 191:2711-2724.

41. 1992 Burkus, J.K. and Denis. F. : Thoracic Disc Disease. In Chapman, M.W. (ed.): Operative Orthopaedics, Second Edition, Philadelphia, J.B. Lippincott. 192:2725-2734.

42. 1992 Trumble, T.E., Burkus, J.K., and Mardjetko, S.M.: Congenital Deformities of the Upper Limb and Neck. In Chapman, M.W. (ed.): Operative Orthopaedics, Second Edition, Philadelphia, J.B. Lippincott. 218:3077-3099.

43. 1992 Clohisy, J.C., Akbarnia, B.A., Bucholz, R.D., Burkus, J.K., Backer, R.J.: Neurologic Recovery Associated with Anterior Decompression of Spinal Fractures at the Thoracolumbar Junction. SPINE, 17:S325-S330.

44. 1993 Denis, F. and Burkus, J.K.: Classification and Treatment of Posttraumatic Kyphosis in the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Seminars in Spinal Surgery, 5:187-198.

45. 1993 Burkus, J.K., Ganey, T.M. and Ogden, J.A.: Development of the Cartilage Canals and the Secondary Center of Ossification in the Distal Chondroepiphysis of the Prenatal Human Femur. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 66:193-202.

46. 1994 Burkus, J.K. and Denis, F.: Hyperextension Injuries of the Thoracic Spine in Patients with Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 76A: 237-243.

47. 1994 Akbarnia, B.A., Crandall, D.G., Burkus, J.K., Matthews, T.: Use of Long rods and a Short Arthrodesis for Burst Fractures of the Thoracolumbar Spine. A Long-Term Follow-up Study. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 76A: 1629-1635.

48. 1994 Naunheim, K.S., Barnett, M.G., Crandall, D.G. Vaca, K.J., Burkus, J.K.: Anterior Exposure of the Thoracic Spine. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 57:1436-1439.

49. 1995 Burkus, J.K.: Chapter, Spinal Disorders: Orthopaedic Boards Review II, in press.

50. 1995 Burkus, J.K.: Spinal Disorders. Hughston Textbook of Sports Injuries, in press.

51. 1996 Burkus, J.K.: Fractures of the Thoracolumbar Junction. In Levine, A.M. (ed): AAOS Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Trauma, pp 351-360.

52. 1997 Burkus, J.K.: Threaded Cortical Allograft Bone Dowels Utilized in the Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Disc Disease. MAG Journal. In press.

53. 1999 Toleikis, J.R., Skelly, J.P., Burkus, J.K.: Spinally Elicited Peripheral Nerve Responses Are Sensory Rather Than Motor. Clinical Neurophysiology, Pp 736-742.

54. 2000 Toleikis, J.R., Skelley, J.P., Carlvin, A.O., Toleikis, S.C., Bernard, T.N., Burkus, J.K., Burr, M.E., Dorchak, J.D., Goldman, M.S., and Walsh, T.R., The Usefulness of Electrical Stimulation for Assessing Pedicle Screw Placements. J. Spinal Disord. Aug: 13(4): 283-289.

55. 2000 Burkus, J.K., Dorchak, J.D., Foor, B.D., Sanders, L.D., Aucoin, H.C. Anterior Lumbar Interbody Techniques Using Standard and Reduced Profile Interbody Constructs: Clinical and Radiographic Follow-up. The Hughston Sports Medicine Scientific Bulletin. November.

56. 2001 Burkus, J.K., Foley, K., Haid, R., LeHuec, J.C. Surgical Interbody Research Group - radiographic assessment of interbody fusion devices: fusion criteria For anterior interbody lumbar surgery. Neurosurgical Focus. April 10(4):1-9.

57. 2001 Burkus, J.K., Dorchak, J.D. Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using INTER FIX™: A Threaded Titanium Fusion Device. Quality Medical Publishing. In press.

58. 2001 Burkus, J.K. Updated: Spinal Implants. Spineuniverse.com. August.

59. 2001 McLain, R.F., Burkus, J.K., Benson, D.R. Segmental instrumentation for thoracic and thoracolumbar fractures: prospective analysis of construct survival and five-year follow-up. The Spine Journal. September/October.

60. 2001 Burkus, J.K., Dorchak, J.D., Sanders, L. CT Scans Track Increasing Bone Density with BMP-2 in Cages. Orthopedics Today. December.

61. 2002 Burkus, J.K. Interbody Fusion Devices: Biomechanics and Clinical Outcomes (ALIF, PLIF, and Combined Approaches). Principles and Practice of Spine Surgery. In press.

62. 2002 Burkus, J.K. Threaded Bone Dowels: Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using Threaded, Cylindrical Cortical Allografts. Lumbar Interbody Fusion Techniques: Cages, Dowels and Grafts. March.

63. 2002 Burkus, J.K. Single Level Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using Threaded Cylindrical Cortical Bone Dowels and Paired Reduced-Profile Cortical Bone Dowels. Advances in Spine Surgery. April.

64. 2002 Burkus, J.K. Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2. Spine. November.

65. 2002 Burkus, J.K. Intervertebral Fixation: Clinical Results with Anterior Cages. Orthopedic Clinics of North America. June.

66. 2002 Burkus, J.K. Radiographic Assessment of Interbody Fusion Using rhBMP-2. Spine. In press.

ABSTRACTS:

1989 Alexander, A.H., Burkus, J.K, and Mitchell, J.B.: Chymopapain Versus Surgical Discectomy in the Treatment of Herniated Nucleus Pulposus in the Military. Orthopaedic Transactions, JBJS. 13 (3):650.

1989 Ternes, J.P., Alexander, A.H. and Burkus, J.K.: Treatment of Spondylolisthesis with Posterolateral Spinal Fusion. Orthopaedic Transactions, JBJS. 13(1):166.

1989 Turner, M.A., Burkus, J.K. and Alexander, A.H.: Surgical Discectomy - A Report of Sixty-six Consecutive Operative Cases. Orthopaedic Transactions, JBJS. 13(1).168.

1990 Denis, F. and Burkus, J.K.: Shear Fracture-Dislocations of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Associated with Forceful Hyperextension (Lumberjack Paraplegia). Orthopaedic Transactions, JBJS. 14(3):770-771.

1990 Burkus, J.K., Lonstein, J., Winter, R.B., and Denis, F.: Long Term Evaluation of Adolescents Treated Surgically for Spondylolisthesis. Orthopaedic Transactions, JBJS. 14 (3):774.

1991 Benson, D.R., Mochida, J., Burkus, J.K., Rucker, R.B.: Neuromorphometric Changes in the Ventral Spinal roots in a Scoliotic Animal. Orthopaedic Transactions, JBJS, in press.

1991 Denis, F., Burkus, J.K.: Diagnosis and Treatment of Cauda Equina Entrapment in the Vertical Lamina Fracture of Lumbar Burst Fractures. Orthopaedic Transactions, JBJS, in press.

1992 Benson, D.R., Burkus, J.K., and Montesano, P.X.: Unstable Thoracolumbar and Lumbar burst Fractures Treated with the AO Fixateur Interne. Orthopaedic Transactions, JBJS. 16 (1): 226-227.

1993 Clohisy, J.C., Akbarnia, B.A., Bucholz, R.D., Burkus, J.K., Backer, R.J.: Neurologic Recovery Associated with Anterior Decompression of Spinal Fractures at the Thoracolumbar Junction. PMID: 1523520.

1994 Crandall, D.G., Akbarnia, B.A., Burkus, J.K.: Long-Term Evaluation of Patients with Burst Fractures Treated by the Rod-Long Fuse-Short Method. PMID: 7962022.

1998 Burkus, J.K., Long-Term Clinical and Radiographic Results of Modified Smith-Robinson Discectomy, Interbody Fusion, and Anterior Cervical Plating.

Burkus, J.K., Dual Paired Proximity and Combined BAK/Proximity Interbody Fusion Cages: Radiographic Results.

2000 Burkus, J.K., A Prospective and Randomized Study Assessing the Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Patients Treated with RhBMP-2 and Threaded Cortical Bone Dowels in the Lumbar Spine.

2000 Burkus, J.K., Dorchak, J.D., Estes, M.S., Boyd, L., M.S., Dickson, A. M. Reduced Lateral Profile Threaded Constructs: Biomechanical and Clinical Evaluation.

2000 Burkus, J.K., Dorchak, J.D., Aucoin, H. . Anterior Lumbar Decompression/ Fusion for Treatment of Recurrent Disc Herniation.

2001 Burkus, J.K., RhBMP-2 and Threaded Cortical Bone Dowels in the Lumbar Spine: Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes.

2001 Burkus, J.K., Transfeldt, E.E., Kitchel, S.H., Watkins, R.G., Balderston, R.A. Prospective, Randomized Outcomes Comparing rhBMP-2 to Autograft With Cortical Bone Dowels in Lumbar Spine Fusions.

2001 Burkus, J.K., Dorchak, J.D., Aucoin, H. Anterior Lumbar Decompression/Fusion for the Treatment of Recurrent Disc Herniation.

2001 Burkus, J.K., Dorchak, J.D., Sanders, D.L. Radiographic Assessment of Interbody Fusion Using rhBMP-2. In press.

2001 Kitchel, S.H., Knight, R.O., Burkus, J.K., Sasso, R.C. A Prospective Evaluation of Allograft Bone vs. Titanium Cylindrical Cages for Anterior Lumbar Fusion Using rhBMP-2.

2001 Gornet, M.F., Burkus, J.K., Dickman, C.A., Zdeblick, T.A. rhBMP-2 with Tapered Cages: A Prospective, Randomized Lumbar Fusion Study.

2001 Burkus, J.K., Transfeldt, E.E., Kitchel, S.H., Watkins, R., Balderston, R.A. RhBMP-2 and Cortical Dowels in the Lumbar Spine: Long-Term Outcomes.

2002 Burkus, J.K., Dorchak, J.D., Sanders, D.L., Foor, B.D. Biomechanical Testing and Long-Term Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes Using Segmental Spinal Fixation with a Reduced Profile Instrumentation System. Submitted.

2002 Dorchak, J.D., Burkus, J.K., Aucoin, H. Anterior Lumbar Decompression Fusion for Treatment of Recurrent Disc Herniation. Submitted.

2002 Foor, B.D., Burkus, J.K., Dorchak, J.D., Sanders, D.L. Anterior Lumbar Discectomy and Interbody Fusion: Radiographic Results of Patients Treated with Paired Reduced Profile Interbody Cages. Submitted.

SCIENTIFIC EXHIBITS:

1988 Alexander, A.H., Burkus, J.K. and Mitchell, J.B.: Chymopapain versus Surgical Discectomy for Herniated Nucleus Pulposus in the Military. Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Atlanta, Georgia.

1990 Mochida, J., Benson, D.R., Burkus, J.K., Rucker, R.B.: Neuromorphometric Changes in the Ventral Spinal Roots in a Scoliotic Animal Model. Scoliosis Research Society, Honolulu, Hawaii.

1990 Denis, F. and Burkus, J.K.: Diagnosis and Treatment of Cauda Equina Entrapment in the Vertical Lamina Fracture of Lumbar Burst Fractures. Scoliosis Research Society, Honolulu, Hawaii.

1999 Burkus, J.K., Baker, T., Morrison, M., Buchanan, D., Brumfiled, D.L. Foor, B.: Biomechanical Testing and Clinical Results of the RSRH-3D Segmental Spinal Fixation Instrumentation. International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. Vancouver.

2001 Burkus, J.K., Transfeldt, E., Kitchel, S.H., Watkins, R.G., Baiderston, R.A.: Prospective, Randomized Outcomes Comparing rhBMP-2 to Autograft With Cortical Bone Dowels in Lumbar Spine Fusions. July 12-14. 8th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. Paradise Island, Bahamas.

2001 Burkus, J.K., Dorchak, J.D., Sanders, D.L.: Radiographic Assessment of Interbody Fusion Using rhBMP-2. July 12-14. Paradise Island, Bahamas.

AUDIO-VISUAL EXHIBITS:

1990 Denis, F. and Burkus, J.K.: Diagnosis and Treatment of Cauda Equina Entrapment in the Vertical Lamina Fracture of Lumbar Burst Fractures. Scoliosis Research Society, Honolulu, Hawaii.

2000 Burkus, J.K.: Anterior Lumbar Decompression/Fusion for Treatment of Recurrent Disc Herniation. 67th Annual AAOS Meeting. March.

PRESENTATIONS:

1. 1982 Medial Distal Tibial Physeal Retardation for Ankle Valgus Deformities in Myelomeningocele. Presented at the Twentieth Annual Newington Children's Hospital Conference on Pediatric Orthopaedics.

2. 1983 Evaluation and Treatment of Acetabular Fractures. Presented at the Postgraduate Seminar and Disputations of the Yale Orthopaedic Association.

3. 1984 The Development of the Distal Femoral Epiphysis. Presented at the Seventeenth American Orthopaedic Associations Residents Conference.

4. 1984 Occult Injuries of the Talus and the Talus Joints Diagnosed by Bone Scanning and Tomography. Presented at the Postgraduate Seminar and Disputations of the Yale Orthopaedic Association.

5. 1984 Valgus Deformity of the Ankle in Myelodysplastic Patients. Presented at the Postgraduate Seminar and Disputations of the Yale Orthopaedic Association.

6. 1985 Occipito-atlantal Instability in Children with Down Syndrome (Trisomy 21). Presented at the Twenty-seventh Annual Meeting of the Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons.

7. 1986 Cervical Facet Asymmetry Simulating Fracture/Dislocation of the Facet Joint. Presented at the Twenty-eighth Annual Meeting of the Society of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

8. 1986 Cervical Osteomyelitis: An Unusual Complication of Tonsillectomy. Presented at the Annual Meeting of Pacific Coast Oto-Ophthalmological Society.

9. 1988 Ternes, J.P., Alexander, A.H. and Burkus, J.K.: Treatment of Spondylolisthesis with Posterolateral Spinal Fusion. Presented at the Thirtieth Annual Meeting of the Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons.

10. 1988 Turner, M.A., Burkus, J.K. and Alexander, A.H.: Surgical Discectomy - A Report of Sixty-six Consecutive Operative Cases. Ibid.

11. 1989 Chymopapain Versus Surgical Discectomy in the Treatment of Herniated Nucleus Pulposus in the Military. Presented at the International Intradiscal Therapy Society Meeting, Florida, March.

12. 1989 Differences in the Evaluation and Treatment of Scoliosis in Adolescents and Adults. University of California, Davis, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Grand Rounds Conference, August 12.

13. 1989 Treatment of Spondylolisthesis in Adolescents. University of California, Davis, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Grand Rounds Conference, September 12.

14. 1989 Shear Fracture-Dislocations of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Associated with Forceful Hyperextension (Lumberjack Paraplegia). Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Scoliosis Research Society, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September

15. 1989 Long-Term Evaluation of Adolescents Treated Surgically for Spondylolisthesis. Ibid.

16. 1989 Hyperextension Injuries to the Thoracic Lumbar Spine. University of California, Davis, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Grand Rounds Conference, October 3.

17. 1989 Spinal Trauma: Occiput to Sacrum. Trauma is Teamwork Symposium. Department of Nursing, University of California, Davis. Sacramento, California, October 26.

18. 1989 Evaluation and Treatment of Congenital Kyphosis. University of California, Davis, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Grand Rounds Conference, November 7.

19. 1989 Spinal Instrumentation of the Management of Vertebral Column Tumors. Multidisciplinary Approach, Diagnostic Modalities, Pathology and Treatment. Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery; Pathology; Radiology; and Surgery, Division of Oncology and the Office of Continuing Medical Education, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis. Sacramento, California, November 4.

20. 1989 Scoliosis and School Screening. Sacramento City Unified School District, school district nurses. Sacramento, California, November 13.

21. 1989 Open Versus Closed Stabilization of Cervical Spine Fractures. Neurological Surgery Grand Rounds, University of California, Davis. December 20.

22. 1990 Preoperative and Postoperative Evaluation and Treatment of Patients with Spinal Deformities and Spinal Fractures. In-service, Nursing Services, Primary Care Division, University of California, Davis. January 4.

23. 1990 Preoperative and Postoperative Evaluation and Treatment of Patients with Spinal Deformities and Spinal Fractures. In-service, Nursing Services, University of California, Davis. January 8.

24. 1990 Adult Scoliosis. Medical Staff, Mercy General Hospital. January 18.

25. 1990 Distraction Injuries to the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Ski Injuries- Current and Relevant Orthopaedic Problems. U.C. Davis and Western Orthopaedic Association Meeting, Lake Tahoe, California. February 23.

26. 1990 Thoracic Disc Herniations. Grand Rounds, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Davis. March 13.

27. 1990 Preliminary Clinical Results of the AO Fixateur Interne in the Treatment of Thoracolumbar Spine Fractures. Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island. May 15.

28. 1990 Evaluation and Treatment of Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Fractures. Ibid.

29. 1990 Treatment of Adolescent Spondylolisthesis Utilizing Posterolateral Fusion. Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. May 18.

30. 1990 The Use of Cotrel Duboussett Instrumentation in the Treatment of Fractures of the Thoracic Spine. Ibid. May 18.

31. 1990 Benson, D.R., Mochida, J., Burkus, J.K., Rucker, R.B. Neuromorphometric Changes in the Ventral Spinal Roots in a Scoliotic Animal Model. Scoliosis Research Society, Honolulu, Hawaii. September 24.

32. 1990 Denis, F. and Burkus, J.K. Diagnosis and Treatment of Cauda Equina Entrapment in the Vertical Lamina Fracture of Lumbar Burst Fractures. Scoliosis Research Society, Honolulu, Hawaii. September 27.

33. 1990 Denis, F. and Burkus, J.K. Diagnosis and Treatment of Cauda Equina Entrapment in the Vertical Lamina Fracture of Lumbar Burst Fractures. Orthopaedic Trauma Association, Toronto. November 8.

34. 1990 Evaluation and Treatment of Congenital Scoliosis. Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. November 28.

35. 1990 Spinal Tumors. Orthopaedic-Neurosurgery Combined Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. December 14.

36. 1991 Cervical Spine and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Orthopaedic-Neurosurgery Combined Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. January 12.

37. 1991 Evaluation and Treatment of Thoracolumbar Distraction Injuries. Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. January 30.

38. 1991 Spinal Stenosis: Evaluation and Treatment. Rheumatology Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. February 8.

39. 1991 Evaluation and Treatment of Metastatic Spinal Tumors. St. Louis University "Away from Winter '91" CME Annual Update. February 9.

40. 1991 Evaluation and Treatment of Congenital Kyphosis. Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. February 27.

41. 1991 Neurosurgical Aspects of Scoliosis. Neurosurgery Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. April 9.

42. 1991 Rehabilitation of the Surgical Lumbosacral Spine. Regional Arthritis Center PT/OT Symposium. April 10.

43. 1991 Degenerative Cervical Spine Disease. International Symposium on Treatment of Surgical Spine Disease. Washington University School of Medicine. April 11.

44. 1991 Spinal Deformities in Children. Cardinal Glennon Continuing Medical Education Series, Cape Girardeau. May 8.

45. 1991 Evaluation and Treatment of Traumatic Neurologic Injuries Secondary to Posterior Nerve Rootlet Entrapment in Lumbar Burst Fractures. Mid-Central States Orthopaedic Society Meeting, Kansas City. May 10.

46. 1991 Classification and Treatment of Cervical Spine Injuries. Surgical Stabilization of Spinal Fractures. St. Louis University Continuing Medical Education. May 17.

47. 1991 Evaluation and Treatment of Sacral Fractures. Surgical Stabilization of Spinal Fractures. St. Louis University Continuing Medical Education. May 17.

48. 1991 Operative Treatment of Thoracolumbar Fractures. Low Back and Sciatic Pain Evaluation and Treatment. Washington University. May 18.

49. 1991 Cotrel-Dubousset Instrumentation for Thoracolumbar Fractures. Surgical Stabilization of Spinal Fractures. St. Louis University Continuing Medical Education. May 18.

50. 1991 Adult Spinal Disorders. West Coast Orthopaedic Review Course. May 25.

51. 1991 Degenerative Cervical Spinal Disorders. Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. June 5.

52. 1991 Spinal Disorders, CME Update, DuCoin Hospital, DuCoin, Illinois. June 11.

53. 1991 Cervical Spine Disorders. Nursing In-service, St. Louis University Medical Center. July 3.

54. 1991 Evaluation and Treatment of Thoracolumbar Spinal Fractures. Orthopaedic-Neurosurgery Combined Grand Rounds. July 13.

55. 1991 Infections of the Spine in Adults. Orthopaedic-Neurosurgery Combined Grand Rounds. August 3.

56. 1991 Thoracic/Lumbar Injuries and Management. Second Annual Spinal Cord Injury Symposium. St. Louis University Medical Center. October 29.

57. 1991 Orthotic/Halo Management for Spinal Cord Injury Patients. Second Annual Spinal Cord Injury Symposium. St. Louis University Medical Center. October 30.

58. 1991 Unstable Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Burst Fractures Treated with the AO Fixateur Interne. Orthopaedic Trauma Association Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington. November 1.

59. 1991 Congenital Scoliosis. Orthopaedic Surgery Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. November 20.

60. 1991 Evaluation and Treatment of Cervical and Thoracolumbar Spinal Injuries. Trauma Surgery Grand Rounds, St. Louis University Medical Center. December 7.

61. 1991 Evaluation and Treatment of Degenerative Cervical Disc Disease. Orthopaedic Surgery Grand Rounds, Baylor University, Houston, Texas. December 13.

62. 1992 Adult Scoliosis. Orthopaedic Surgery Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. January 22.

63. 1992 Clinical Outcomes of the AO Fixateur Interne. Orthopaedic Surgery Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. February 26.

64. 1992 Adult Spinal Deformities. CME Update Jerseyville Hospital. March 7.

65. 1992 Evaluation and Treatment of Spinal Tumors. Orthopaedic Surgery Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. March 25.

66. 1992 Spinal Fracture Fixation Course. Practical Anatomy Workshop, St. Louis. April 24 - 26.

67. 1992 Benign, Malignant and Metastatic Tumors of the Spine. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. May 8.

68. 1992 Clohisy, J.C., Akbarnia, B.A., Bucholz, R.D., Burkus, J.K., Backer, R.J. Neurologic Recovery Associated with Anterior Decompression of Spinal Fractures at the Thoracolumbar Junction. North American Spine Society Annual Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts. July 8.

69. 1992 Crandall, D.G., Akbarnia, B.A., Burkus, J.K.: Long-Term Evaluation of Patients with Burst Fractures Treated by the Rod-Long Fuse-Short Method. North American Spine Society Annual Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts. July 8.

70. 1992 Classification and Treatment of Thoracolumbar Spinal Fractures. Orthopaedic Surgery Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. September 2.

71. 1992 Treatment of Thoracolumbar and Lumbar Spine Fractures. Second International Congress of Spine Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey. September 9.

72. 1992 Evaluation and Treatment of Thoracolumbar and Cervical Spinal Injuries. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee. October 9.

73. 1992 Adult Scoliosis. Orthopaedic Surgery Grand Rounds, St. Louis University. December 23.

74. 1993 Neurologic Outcomes of Anterior Decompression and Internal Fixation of Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures, Annual Yale Orthopaedic Association Meeting, New York City. January 16.

75. 1993 Adult Spinal Deformities. Orthopaedic Grand Rounds, University of Massachusetts. February 3.

76. 1993 Open Spinal Endoscopy. Current Concepts in Spinal Endoscopy. San Francisco, California. February 6.

77. 1993 Acute Spinal Injuries Current Management Techniques. Spinal Internal Fixation Workshops. Sturbridge, Massachusetts. October 7 and 8.

78. 1993 Spine Course. Association for the Study of Internal Fixation. Hilton Head, South Carolina. October 17 - 22.

79. 1997 The Use of the ORION Plate in Degenerative Cervical Disc Disease. Total Spine: Advanced Concepts and Constructs, Cancun, Mexico. January 30 - February 3.

80. 1997 The Use of the CT NOVUS. Total Spine: Advanced Concepts and Constructs, Spinal Science Advancement Foundation. Cancun, Mexico. January 30 - February 3.

81. 1997 Anterior Interbody Approach Using a Threaded Cortical Construct. Total Spine: Advanced Concepts and Constructs, Spinal Science Advancement Foundation. Cancun, Mexico. January 30 - February 3.

82. 1997 Very Early Clincal Experience Utilizing an Anterior Interbody Cervical Cage. Consensus, Controversies and Current Trends in Orthopaedic Surgery and Science, Scottsdale, Arizona. April 10-13.

83. 1997 Anterior versus Posterior Decompression for Treatment of Cervical Myelopathy. Consensus, Controversies and Current Trends in Orthopaedic Surgery and Science, Scottsdale, Arizona. April 10-13.

84. 1997 The Role of Internal Fixation in the Treatment of Degenerative Spondylosis in the Lumbar Spine. Consensus, Controversies and Current Trends in Orthopaedic Surgery and Science, Scottsdale, Arizona. April 10-13.

85. 1997 Threaded Cortical Bone Dowels - Techniques and Results. North American Spine Society Annual Meeting, New York, New York. October 22-25.

86. 1998 New Techniques in Spinal Surgery. Hughston Sports Medicine Research Foundation. Columbus, Georgia. March 24.

87. 1998 Evaluation and Treatment of Spinal Deformities in Children. Georgia Society of Radiologic Technologists, Inc. Annual Meeting, Jekyll Island, Georgia. April 17, 18.

88. 1998 New Techniques in Spinal Surgery. Georgia Society of Radiologic Technologists, Inc. Annual Meeting, Jekyll Island, Georgia. April 17, 18.

89. 1998 3D Connector - Early Surgical Review. Sofamor Danek Think Tank. Amelia Island, Florida. May 29.

90. 1998 Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Bone Dowels - Biomechanics and Technique. Global Spine: Principles and Techniques for the Latest Advances in Spine Surgery, Spinal Science Advancement Foundation. Hawaii, June 6.

91. 1998 Regional Interbody Fusion Group. History of Interbody Spine Surgery, Pre-operative Planning, and Anterior Interbody Approach Using Threaded Cortical Constructs. Threaded Constructs for Interbody Spine Surgery. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. July 10.

92. 1998 Regional Interbody Fusion Group. History of Interbody Spine Surgery, Pre-operative Planning, Anterior Interbody Approach Using Threaded Cortical Constructs and Clinical Performance of Allograft Threaded Constructs. Threaded Constructs for Interbody Spine Surgery. Dallas, Texas. July 11.

93. 1998 Technique of Threaded Interbody Spacers Using a Mini-Open Retroperitoneal Approach, Open Anterior Interbody Surgery. Open and Minimally Invasive Surgery of the Lumbar and Thoracic Spine. Memphis, TN. September 25.

94. 1998 History of Interbody Spine Surgery, Pre-Operative Planning, Anterior Approach Incorporating a Threaded Construct, and Clinical Performance of Allograft Threaded Constructs.Threaded Constructs for Interbody Spine Surgery. Ellicott City, Maryland. October 24.

95. 1998 Threaded Cortical Dowel Constructs with rhBMP-2. Interbody Surgery of the Lumbar Spine - A Global Update. San Francisco, California. October 28, 1998.

96. 1998 The Effectiveness of Electrical Stimulation for Monitoring Pedicle Screw Placement. North American Spine Society, 13th Annual Meeting. San Francisco, California. October 29.

97. 1998 MDIV Update, Sofamor Danek Group. San Francisco, California. October 29.

98. 1998 3D Update, Sofamor Danek Group. San Francisco, California. October 30.

99. 1998 Long-Term Clinical and Radiographic Results of Modified Smith-Robinson Discectomy, Interbody Fusion, and Anterior Cervical Plating. North American Spine Society, 13th Annual Meeting. San Francisco, California. October 31.

100. 1998 Cervical, Thoracic and Lumbar Disc Disease. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Review and Update for Practicing Orthopaedic Surgeons. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. November 8.

101. 1998 Anterior Cervical Fusion. Orthopaedic Grand Rounds. University of Louisville. Louisville, Kentucky. December 8.

102. 1999 Metallic Threaded Devices. Interbody Spinal Fusion of the Lumbar Spine and the Cervical Spine. Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves. Orlando, Florida. February 10.

103. 1999 Single-Level Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using Threaded Cortical Allografts. North American Spine Society, Meeting of the Americas I. Miami Beach, Florida. May 10.

104. 1999 Interbody Fusion: Challenges and Solutions. History and Evolution of Interbody Fusion. Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. New Orleans, LA. May 22.

105. 1999 Spine Surgery in the Next Millennium: New Techniques and Technologies. Hospital for Special Surgery. New York, NY. December 10-11.

106. 1999 Biomechanical Testing and Clinical Results of the RSRH-3D Segmental Spinal Fixation System. IMAST. Vancouver. July.

107. 2000 Anterior Lumbar Decompression/Fusion for Treatment of Recurrent Disc Herniation. Video presentation. Orthopaedic Surgery Videotape Library. March.

108. 2000 4th Advanced Spine Course. Posterior Interbody Fusion Techniques with and Without Associated Spinal Instrumentation. Johannesburg, South Africa. May 22.

109. 2000 Spanish-American Meeting on the Lumbar Spine. Anterior lumbar discectomy and interbody fusion using Reduced Profile interbody fusion cages. Posterior interbody fusion using cages and pedicle instrumention. Columbus, GA. June 20.

110. 2000 The Thirteenth Richard C. King Presentation of Scientific Papers. Cervical Interbody Fusion Cases: Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes. Atlanta, GA. June 23.

111. 2000 BMP-2/ACS/Allograft Bone Dowel Clinician Meeting. Review of Pilot BMP/ Bone Dowel Study. August 26.

112. 2000 NASS: 15th Annual Meeting. Dual Paired Proximity and Combined BAK/ Proximity Interbody Fusion Cages: Radiographic Results. New Orleans, LA. October 28.

113. 2000 NASS: 15th Annual Meeting. A Prospective and Randomized Study Assessing the Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Patients Treated with RhBMP-2 and Threaded Cortical Bone Dowels in the Lumbar Spine. New Orleans, LA. October 28.

114. 2001 68th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, RhBMP-2 and Threaded Cortical Bone Dowels in the Lumbar Spine: Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes. San Francisco, CA. March 4.

115. 2001 Lumbar Intervertebral Devices-Design Biomechanics and Indications. North American Spine Society, Surgical Approach and Techniques for the Lumbar Spine: A Hands-On Course. Memphis, TN. March 9.

116. 2001 Total Spine: Advanced Concepts and Constructs, Anterior Cervical Interbody Fusion: demo with illustrative case, cages system; Istthmic Spondylolisthesis: reduction techniques: Panel Discussion: PLIF, ALIF, TLIF - when and why? Cancun, Mexico, March 15-18.

117. 2001 Anterior Lumbar Interbody Spine Surgery: Optimal Implant Selection and LT Cage. PLIF Case Presentations: Revision Strategies & The Future Des Moines, IA. April 7.

118. 2001 Columbus Society of Radiologic Technologists. Preoperative Radiographic Assessment, Intraoperative Radiographic Requirements, and Postoperative Follow-Up Techniques for Patients Undergoing Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. April 28.

119. 2001 Spinal Science Advancement Foundation. Global Spine: Surgical Principles and the Latest Techniques. Intervertebral Fixation - Stand Alone ALIF: Clinical and Radiographic Results with Anterior Interbody Fusion Cages. June 17. Maui, Hawaii.

120. 2001 Spinal Science Advancement Foundation. Global Spine: Surgical Principles and the Latest Techniques. Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using rhBMP-2. June 17. Maui, Hawaii.

121. 2001 8th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. RhBMP-2 and the LT-CAGE™ Device in the Lumbar Spine. July 12-14. Paradise Island, Bahamas.

122. 2001 Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting. Prospective, Randomized Outcomes Comparing rhBMP-2 to Autograft with Cortical Bone Dowels in Lumbar Spine Fusions. September 21. Cleveland, Ohio.

123. 2001 Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting. Radiographic Assessment of Interbody Fusion Using rhBMP-2. September 22. Cleveland, Ohio.

124. 2001 North American Spine Society 16th Annual Meeting. RhBMP-2 and Cortical Dowels in the Lumbar Spine: Long-Term Outcomes. November 3. Seattle, Washington.

125. 2001 Innovative Posterior Surgical Solutions. Pedicle Fixation, TSRH-3D Instrument Overview, Non-Interbody Segmental Fixation. June 22. Memphis.

126. 2001 8th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. Cylindrical Cervical Cages and Bone Dowels. July 13. Paradise Islands, Bahamas.

127. 2001 8th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. Faculty. Choosing Treatment Options in Anterior Cervical Fixation: Plating Systems vs. Interbody Fusion Devices vs. Cervical Disc Prostheses: Interbody Devices. July 14. Paradise Islands, Bahamas.

128. 2001 8th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. RhBMP-2 and the LT-CAGE™ Device in the Lumbar Spine. July 14. Paradise Islands, Bahamas.

129. 2001 Controversies in the Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders. Interbody Fusions: Current Trends, Future Trends. August 22. Lake Iliamna, Alaska.

130. 2001 Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting. Prospective, Randomized Outcomes Comparing rhBMP-2 to Autograft with Cortical Bone Dowels In Lumbar Spine Fusions. September 21. Cleveland, Ohio.

131. 2001 Scoliosis Research Society Annual Meeting. Radiographic Assessment of Interbody Fusion Using rhBMP-2. September 22. Cleveland, Ohio.

132. 2001 North American Spine Society Annual Meeting. Stand Alone Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. November 2. Seattle, Washington.

133. 2001 North American Spine Society Annual Meeting. Prospective Radiographic Assessment of Interbody Fusion Using rhBMP-2. November 3. Seattle, Washington.

134. 2001 North American Spine Society Annual Meeting. RhBMP-2 and Cortical Dowels in the Lumbar Spine: Long-Term Outcomes. November 3. Seattle, Washington.

135. 2001 Spinal Sagittal Balance: Treating Segmental, Regional and Global Malalignment. Educational Program. Treatment Options for Single/Multi Level DDD - Indications and Techniques: Anterior. December 7. Chicago, IL.

136. 2002 The Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders. The painful collapsed degenerative disc: treatment options. January 21. Beaver Creek, CO.

137. 2002 The Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders. Current indications and complications for stand alone ALIF. January 21. Beaver Creek, CO.

138. 2002 The Surgical Management of Spinal Disorders. Clinical radiographic outcomes using rhBMP-2 for anterior interbody fusions in the lumbar spine. January 22. Beaver Creek, CO.

139. 2002 69th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Prospective Randomized Study of rhBMP-2 and Cortical Bone Dowels In the Lumbar Spine. February 15. Dallas, TX.

140. 2002 Total Spine: Advances in Theory, Techniques and Technology. Fundamentals of Clinical Use of rhBMP-2. March 14. Cancun, Mexico.

141. 2002 Total Spine: Advances in Theory, Techniques and Technology. Lumbar Spine: Spondylolisthesis reduction options. March 16. Cancun, Mexico.

142. 2002 Total Spine: Advances in Theory, Techniques and Technology. Emerging Biologic Materials: Clinical radiographic outcomes using rhBMP-2 for interbody fusions in the lumbar spine. March 16. Cancun, Mexico.

143. 2002 Bone Grafting Options in the Lumbar Spine Videoconference. May 18. Columbus, Georgia.

144. 2002 9th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. BMP's in Spinal Surgery: Basic Science, Clinical Use and Fusion Assessment and Posterolateral Applications of BMP. May 23. Montreux, Switzerland.

145. 2002 9th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. BMP Plus Tapered Cages, The Next Step in Threaded ALIF Procedures. May 24. Montreux, Switzerland.

146. 2002 9th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. C-Shaped Threaded Cages Increase Radiographic Imaging Capability Of Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion. May 24. Montreux, Switzerland.

147. 2002 9th International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. Painful Lumbar Disc. May 25. Montreux, Switzerland.

148. 2002 14th Annual International Bethesda Spine Workshop. Bone Biology. June 5. Bethesda, Maryland.

149. 2002 14th Annual International Meeting on Advanced Spine Techniques. Stand-Alone Interbody Fusions in the Lumbar Spine. Bethesda, Maryland.

Articles Written by J. Kenneth Burkus, MD

Open LT-CAGE

The use of rhBMP-2 in anterior lumbar interbody fusion procedures eliminates the complications of iliac crest bone harvesting.

Update: Spinal Implant Breakthrough Stabilizes Spine

One of the newest and most popular spinal instrumentation systems used by surgeons is TSRH-3D?. The TSRH-3D? pedicle screw has a remarkable "headless" design and has proven to be one of the smallest yet strongest spinal implants available today.

Recurrent L4 L5 Herniation Video

Video from Medtronic Sofamor Danek and the Hughston Sports Medicine Foundation. Professionally oriented video discusses the procedure.

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